The Nanocoatings Global Opportunity Report

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Published: January 2017 | No. of pages: 589  | Price: £1250 | Table of contents

Research and development in nanotechnology and nanomaterials is now translating into tangible consumer products, providing new functionalities and opportunities in industries such as electronics, sporting goods, wearable electronics, textiles, construction etc. A recent example is quantum dot TVs, a multi-billion dollar boon for the High-definition TV market. Countless other opportunities exist for exploiting the exceptional properties of nanomaterials and these will increase as costs come down and production technologies improve

The incorporation of nanomaterials into thin films, coatings and surfaces leads to new functionalities, completely innovative characteristics and the possibility to achieve multi-functional coatings and smart coatings. The use of nanomaterials also results in performance enhancements in wear, corrosion-wear, fatigue and corrosion resistant coatings. Nanocoatings demonstrate significant enhancement in outdoor durability and vastly improved hardness and flexibility compared to traditional coatings.

The latest in the Future Markets series of Nanotechnology Opportunity Reports, The Nanocoatings Global Opportunity Report, examines a market that is already providing significant economic, hygiene and environmental benefit for sectors such as consumer electronics, construction, medicine & healthcare, textiles, oil & gas, infrastructure and aviation.

Industries affected include:

  • Oil and gas
    • Corrosion and scaling chemical inhibitors.
    • Self-healing coatings.
    • Smart coatings.
    • Coatings for hydraulic fracturing.
  • Aerospace & aviation
    • Shape memory coatings.
    • Corrosion resistant coatings for aircraft parts.
    • Thermal protection.
    • Novel functional coatings for prevention of ice-accretion and insect-contamination.
  • Renewable energy
    • Anti-fouling protective coatings for offshore marine structures.
    • Anti-reflective solar module coatings.
    • Ice-phobic wind turbines.
    • Coatings for solar heating and cooling.
  • Automotive
    • Anti-fogging nanocoatings and surface treatments.
    • Improved mar and scratch resistance.
    • Flexible glass.
    • Corrosion prevention.
    • Multi-functional glazing.
    • Smart surfaces.
    • Surface texturing technologies with enhanced gloss.
    • New decorative and optical films.
    • Self-healing.
  • Textiles & Apparel
    • Sustainable coatings.
    • High UV protection.
    • Smart textiles.
    • Electrically conductive textiles.
    • Enhanced durability and protection.
    • Anti-bacterial and self-cleaning.
    • Water repellent while maintaining breathability..
  • Medical
    • Hydrophilic lubricious, hemocompatible, and drug delivery coatings.
    • Anti-bacterial coatings to prevent bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation.
    • Hydrophobic and super-hydrophobic coatings.
    • Lubricant coatings.
    • Protective implant coatings.
    • High hardness coatings for medical implants.
    • Infection control.
    • Antimicrobial protection or biocidic activity.
  • Marine
    • Anti-fouling and corrosion control coatings systems.
    • Reduced friction coatings.
    • Underwater hull coatings.
  • Buildings
    • Thermochromic smart windows.
    • Anti-reflection glazing.
    • Self-cleaning surfaces.
    • Passive cooling surfaces.
    • Air-purifying.
  • Consumer electronics
    • Waterproof electronic devices.
    • Anti-fingerprint touchscreens.

 

Report contents include:

  • Global market size for target markets
  • Addressable markets for nanocoatings, by nanocoatings type and industry
  • Estimated market revenues for nanocoatings to 2025
  • 300 company profiles including products and target markets
The Nanocoatings Global Opportunity Report.
The Nanocoatings Global Opportunity Report.
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The Nanocoatings Global Opportunity Report.
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The Nanocoatings Global Opportunity Report.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1       EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36

1.1    High performance coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36

1.2    Nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36

1.3    Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37

1.3.1     New functionalities and improved properties………………………………………………………….. 37

1.3.2     Need for more effective protection and improved asset sustainability……………………. 38

1.3.3     Cost of weather-related damage……………………………………………………………………………. 39

1.3.4     Cost of corrosion……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39

1.3.5     Need for improved hygiene……………………………………………………………………………………. 40

1.3.6     Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments…………………………………….. 41

1.3.7     Sustainable coating systems and materials……………………………………………………………. 41

1.3.7.1       VOC and odour reduction………………………………………………………………………………. 41

1.3.7.2       Chemical to bio-based…………………………………………………………………………………… 42

1.4    Market size and opportunity……………………………………………………………………………………………. 42

1.4.1     Main markets………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43

1.4.2     Regional demand…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54

1.5    Market and technical challenges…………………………………………………………………………………….. 55

1.5.1     Durability………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 55

1.5.2     Dispersion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55

1.5.3     Transparency…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55

1.5.4     Production, scalability and cost………………………………………………………………………………. 56

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2       INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57

2.1    Properties of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………. 57

2.2    Categorization………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58

2.3    Nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 60

2.3.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 60

2.3.2     Benefits of using nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………. 61

2.3.3     Types……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 61

2.3.4     Main production and synthesis methods………………………………………………………………… 62

2.3.4.1       Film coatings techniques……………………………………………………………………………….. 63

2.3.4.2       Superhydrophobic coatings on substrates…………………………………………………….. 65

2.3.4.3       Electrospray and electrospinning…………………………………………………………………… 66

2.3.4.4       Chemical and electrochemical deposition……………………………………………………… 66

2.3.4.5       Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)………………………………………………………………….. 66

2.3.4.6       Physical vapor deposition (PVD)……………………………………………………………………. 68

2.3.4.7       Atomic layer deposition (ALD)……………………………………………………………………….. 68

2.3.4.8       Aerosol coating……………………………………………………………………………………………… 68

2.3.4.9       Layer-by-layer Self-assembly (LBL)………………………………………………………………. 69

2.3.4.10     Sol-gel process………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70

2.3.4.11     Etching…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70

2.4    Hydrophobic coatings and surfaces……………………………………………………………………………….. 71

2.4.1     Hydrophilic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72

2.4.2     Hydrophobic coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72

2.4.2.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72

2.5    Superhydrophobic coatings and surfaces………………………………………………………………………. 73

2.5.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73

2.5.2     Durability issues…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 74

2.5.3     Nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74

2.6    Oleophobic and omniphobic coatings and surfaces……………………………………………………….. 75

2.6.1     SLIPS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75

2.6.2     Covalent bonding…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 76

2.6.3     Step-growth graft polymerization……………………………………………………………………………. 76

2.6.4     Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76

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3       NANOMATERIALS USED IN COATINGS…………………………………………………………………………. 79

3.1    GRAPHENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81

3.1.1     Properties and coatings applications……………………………………………………………………… 81

3.1.1.1       Anti-corrosion coatings………………………………………………………………………………….. 81

3.1.1.2       Anti-microbial…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 82

3.1.1.3       Anti-icing………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83

3.1.1.4       Barrier coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………… 83

3.1.1.5       Heat protection………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84

3.1.1.6       Smart windows………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84

3.2    CARBON NANOTUBES…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 85

3.2.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 85

3.2.1.1       Conductive films…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 85

3.2.1.2       EMI shielding…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 85

3.2.1.3       Anti-fouling…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 85

3.2.1.4       Flame retardant……………………………………………………………………………………………… 86

3.3    SILICON DIOXIDE/SILICA NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………. 86

3.3.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 86

3.3.1.1       Easy-clean and dirt repellent…………………………………………………………………………. 87

3.3.1.2       Anti-fogging……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87

3.3.1.3       Scratch and wear resistance………………………………………………………………………….. 87

3.3.1.4       Anti-reflection…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 88

3.4    NANOSILVER………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 88

3.4.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 88

3.4.1.1       Anti-microbial…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 89

3.4.1.2       Electrical conductivity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 90

3.4.1.3       Anti-reflection…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 90

3.5    TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………… 90

3.5.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 90

3.5.1.1       Glass coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 91

3.5.1.2       Interior coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………… 91

3.5.1.3       Improving indoor air quality……………………………………………………………………………. 92

3.5.1.4       Waste Water Treatment…………………………………………………………………………………. 92

3.5.1.5       UV protection coatings…………………………………………………………………………………… 92

3.6    ALUMINIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………… 93

3.6.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 93

3.6.1.1       Scratch and wear resistant…………………………………………………………………………….. 94

3.7    ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………. 94

3.7.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 94

3.7.1.1       UV protection…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94

3.7.1.2       Anti-bacterial………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 94

3.8    DENDRIMERS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95

3.8.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 95

3.9    NANOCELULOSE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95

3.9.1     Properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 95

3.9.1.1       Abrasion and scratch resistance……………………………………………………………………. 96

3.9.1.2       UV-resistant…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 96

3.9.1.3       Superhydrophobic coatings……………………………………………………………………………. 96

3.9.1.4       Gas barriers…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 97

3.10      NANOCLAYS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 98

3.10.1        Properties and applications………………………………………………………………………………… 98

3.10.1.1     Barrier films……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 99

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4       NANOCOATINGS MARKET STRUCTURE…………………………………………………………………….. 100

5       NANOCOATINGS REGULATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………. 102

5.1    Europe………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 102

5.1.1     Biocidal Products Regulation……………………………………………………………………………….. 103

5.1.2     Cosmetics regulation……………………………………………………………………………………………. 103

5.1.3     Food safety………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 103

5.2    United States………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 104

5.3    Asia………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105

6       MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY COATINGS TYPE……………………………………………….. 106

6.1    ANTI-FINGERPRINT NANOCOATINGS……………………………………………………………………… 110

6.1.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 111

6.1.1.1       Huge increase in touch panel usage……………………………………………………………. 111

6.1.1.2       Growth in the wearable electronics market………………………………………………….. 112

6.1.1.3       Increase in the demand for mar-free decorative surfaces……………………………. 113

6.1.1.4       Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications……………………….. 113

6.1.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 115

6.1.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 117

6.1.4     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 117

6.1.5     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 118

6.1.6     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 120

6.2    ANTI-MICROBIAL NANOCOATINGS…………………………………………………………………………… 123

6.2.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 125

6.2.1.1       Need for improved anti-microbial formulations…………………………………………….. 126

6.2.1.2       Rise in bacterial infections…………………………………………………………………………… 127

6.2.1.3       Growing problem of microbial resistance…………………………………………………….. 127

6.2.1.4       Growth in the bio-compatible implants market…………………………………………….. 127

6.2.1.5       Anti-microbial packaging biofilm market is growing……………………………………… 128

6.2.1.6       Need for improved water filtration technology……………………………………………… 128

6.2.1.7       Proliferation of touch panels………………………………………………………………………… 128

6.2.1.8       Growth in the market for anti-microbial textiles……………………………………………. 129

6.2.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 129

6.2.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 133

6.2.4     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 135

6.2.5     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 135

6.2.6     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 139

6.3    ANTI-CORROSION NANOCOATINGS………………………………………………………………………… 141

6.3.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 143

6.3.1.1       Reduce the use of toxic and hazardous substances……………………………………. 143

6.3.1.2       Reducing volataile organic compounds (VOC) emissions from anti-corrosion coatings    144

6.3.1.3       Cost of corrosion………………………………………………………………………………………….. 144

6.3.1.4       Need for environmentally friendly, anti-corrosion marine coatings………………. 144

6.3.1.5       Corrosive environments in Oil & gas exploration…………………………………………. 145

6.3.1.6       Cost of corrosion damage for Military equipment…………………………………………. 145

6.3.1.7       Problems with corrosion on offshore Wind turbines…………………………………….. 145

6.3.1.8       Automotive protection………………………………………………………………………………….. 146

6.3.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 146

6.3.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 148

6.3.4     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 149

6.3.5     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 150

6.3.6     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 154

6.4    ABRASION & WEAR-RESISTANT NANOCOATINGS…………………………………………………. 156

6.4.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 157

6.4.1.1       Machining tools……………………………………………………………………………………………. 157

6.4.1.2       Cost of abrasion damage…………………………………………………………………………….. 157

6.4.1.3       Regulatory and safety requirements……………………………………………………………. 158

6.4.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 158

6.4.3     Markets………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 159

6.4.4     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 159

6.4.5     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 160

6.4.6     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 163

6.5    BARRIER NANOCOATINGS……………………………………………………………………………………….. 165

6.5.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 165

6.5.1.1       Need for improved barrier packaging…………………………………………………………… 165

6.5.1.2       Sustainable packaging solutions………………………………………………………………….. 165

6.5.1.3       Need for efficient moisture and oxygen protection in flexible and organic electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 165

6.5.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 166

6.5.2.1       Increased shelf life………………………………………………………………………………………. 166

6.5.2.2       Moisture protection………………………………………………………………………………………. 167

6.5.3     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 168

6.5.4     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 168

6.5.5     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 172

6.6    ANTI-FOULING AND EASY-TO-CLEAN NANOCOATINGS………………………………………… 173

6.6.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 175

6.6.1.1       Increased durability and cleanability of exterior and interior surfaces………….. 175

6.6.1.2       Cost of Marine biofouling……………………………………………………………………………… 175

6.6.1.3       Reducing costs and improving hygiene in food processing…………………………. 175

6.6.1.4       Cost of graffiti damage…………………………………………………………………………………. 175

6.6.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 176

6.6.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 176

6.6.4     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 176

6.6.5     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 177

6.6.6     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 181

6.7    SELF-CLEANING (BIONIC) NANOCOATINGS……………………………………………………………. 183

6.7.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 184

6.7.1.1       Durability……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 184

6.7.1.2       Minimize cleaning………………………………………………………………………………………… 184

6.7.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 184

6.7.3     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 185

6.7.4     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 186

6.7.5     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190

6.8    SELF-CLEANING (PHOTOCATALYTIC) NANOCOATINGS……………………………………….. 191

6.8.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 192

6.8.1.1       Combating infection and spread of microorganisms……………………………………. 192

6.8.1.2       Reducing building maintenance…………………………………………………………………… 192

6.8.1.3       Reducing indoor air pollution and bacteria…………………………………………………… 193

6.8.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 193

6.8.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 194

6.8.3.1       Self-Cleaning Coatings………………………………………………………………………………… 195

6.8.3.2       Indoor Air Pollution and Sick Building Syndrome…………………………………………. 196

6.8.3.3       Outdoor Air Pollution……………………………………………………………………………………. 196

6.8.3.4       Water Treatment………………………………………………………………………………………….. 197

6.8.4     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 197

6.8.5     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 197

6.8.6     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 202

6.9    UV-RESISTANT NANOCOATINGS……………………………………………………………………………… 204

6.9.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 205

6.9.1.1       Increased demand for non-chemical UVA/B filters………………………………………. 205

6.9.1.2       Environmental sustainability………………………………………………………………………… 205

6.9.1.3       Need for enhanced UV-absorbers for exterior coatings……………………………….. 205

6.9.2     Benefits of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 205

6.9.2.1       Textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 206

6.9.2.2       Wood coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 206

6.9.3     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 206

6.9.4     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 207

6.9.5     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 210

6.10      THERMAL BARRIER AND FLAME RETARDANT NANOCOATINGS……………………… 211

6.10.1        Market Drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 212

6.10.1.1     Extreme conditions and environments…………………………………………………………. 212

6.10.1.2     Flame retardants………………………………………………………………………………………….. 213

6.10.2        Benefits of nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………….. 213

6.10.3        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 214

6.10.4        Global market size…………………………………………………………………………………………… 215

6.10.5        Nanocoatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 216

6.10.6        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 220

6.11      ANTI-ICING AND DE-ICING…………………………………………………………………………………….. 220

6.11.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 221

6.11.1.1     Inefficiency of current anti-icing solutions…………………………………………………….. 221

6.11.1.2     Costs of damage caused by icing of surfaces……………………………………………… 221

6.11.1.3     Need for new aviation solutions…………………………………………………………………… 221

6.11.1.4     Oil and gas exploration………………………………………………………………………………… 222

6.11.1.5     Wind turbines………………………………………………………………………………………………. 222

6.11.1.6     Marine………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 223

6.11.2        Benefits of nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………….. 223

6.11.3        Global market size…………………………………………………………………………………………… 226

6.11.4        Nanocoatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 227

6.11.5        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 231

6.12      ANTI-REFLECTIVE NANOCOATINGS……………………………………………………………………. 232

6.12.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 232

6.12.1.1     Growth in the optical and optoelectronic devices market…………………………….. 232

6.12.1.2     Improved performance and cost over traditional AR coatings……………………… 233

6.12.1.3     Growth in the solar energy market………………………………………………………………. 233

6.12.2        Benefits of nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………….. 234

6.12.3        Global market size…………………………………………………………………………………………… 235

6.12.4        Nanocoatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 236

6.12.5        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 237

6.13      OTHER NANOCOATINGS TYPES………………………………………………………………………….. 239

6.13.1        Self-healing……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 239

6.13.1.1     Markets and applications……………………………………………………………………………… 239

6.13.1.2     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 241

6.13.2        Thermochromic………………………………………………………………………………………………… 241

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7       MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY END USER MARKET………………………………………….. 243

7.1    AEROSPACE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 246

7.1.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 246

7.1.1.1       Improved performance…………………………………………………………………………………. 247

7.1.1.2       Improved safety…………………………………………………………………………………………… 247

7.1.1.3       Increased durability……………………………………………………………………………………… 248

7.1.1.4       Improved aesthetics and functionality………………………………………………………….. 248

7.1.1.5       Reduced maintenance costs……………………………………………………………………….. 248

7.1.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 248

7.1.2.1       Thermal protection………………………………………………………………………………………. 250

7.1.2.2       Icing prevention……………………………………………………………………………………………. 250

7.1.2.3       Conductive and anti-static……………………………………………………………………………. 251

7.1.2.4       Corrosion resistant………………………………………………………………………………………. 251

7.1.2.5       Insect contamination……………………………………………………………………………………. 252

7.1.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 252

7.1.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 255

7.2    AUTOMOTIVE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 258

7.2.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 258

7.2.1.1       Regulation……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 258

7.2.1.2       Safety…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 258

7.2.1.3       Aesthetics……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 259

7.2.1.4       Surface protection……………………………………………………………………………………….. 259

7.2.1.5       Increase in the use of touch-based automotive displays……………………………… 259

7.2.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 260

7.2.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 262

7.2.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 266

7.3    CONSTRUCTION, ARCHITECTURE AND EXTERIOR PROTECTION………………………. 269

7.3.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 269

7.3.1.1       Reduced maintenance and cost………………………………………………………………….. 269

7.3.1.2       Increased protection…………………………………………………………………………………….. 269

7.3.1.3       Environmental regulations……………………………………………………………………………. 270

7.3.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 270

7.3.2.1       Protective coatings for glass, concrete and other construction materials…….. 271

7.3.2.2       Photocatalytic nano-TiO2 coatings………………………………………………………………. 272

7.3.2.3       Anti-graffiti……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 273

7.3.2.4       UV-protection………………………………………………………………………………………………. 274

7.3.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 275

7.3.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 279

7.4    ELECTRONICS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 283

7.4.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 283

7.4.1.1       Waterproofing and permeability…………………………………………………………………… 283

7.4.1.2       Improved aesthetics and reduced maintenance………………………………………….. 285

7.4.1.3       Wearable electronics market growing………………………………………………………….. 285

7.4.1.4       Electronics packaging………………………………………………………………………………….. 285

7.4.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 285

7.4.2.1       Waterproof coatings…………………………………………………………………………………….. 285

7.4.2.2       Conductive films………………………………………………………………………………………….. 286

7.4.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 288

7.4.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 290

7.5    HOUSEHOLD CARE, SANITARY AND INDOOR AIR QUALITY…………………………………. 293

7.5.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 293

7.5.1.1       Food safety on surfaces………………………………………………………………………………. 293

7.5.1.2       Reducing cleaning cycles…………………………………………………………………………….. 293

7.5.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 294

7.5.2.1       Self-cleaning and easy-to-clean…………………………………………………………………… 294

7.5.2.2       Food preparation and processing………………………………………………………………… 294

7.5.2.3       Indoor pollutants and air quality…………………………………………………………………… 294

7.5.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 296

7.5.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 299

7.6    MARINE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 301

7.6.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 301

7.6.1.1       Need to reduce biofouling……………………………………………………………………………. 301

7.6.1.2       Reducing fuel consumption and costs…………………………………………………………. 301

7.6.1.3       Reducing pollution and environmental protection………………………………………… 302

7.6.1.4       Durability……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 302

7.6.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 302

7.6.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 304

7.6.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 306

7.7    MEDICAL & HEALTHCARE…………………………………………………………………………………………. 307

7.7.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 308

7.7.1.1       Need for reduced biofouling and improve biocompatibility of medical implants 308

7.7.1.2       Need for improved hygiene and anti-infection on materials and surfaces……. 308

7.7.1.3       Need to reduce bacterial infection in wound care………………………………………… 309

7.7.1.4       Need for new medical textile solutions…………………………………………………………. 309

7.7.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 309

7.7.2.1       Anti-fouling…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 310

7.7.2.2       Anti-microbial and infection control………………………………………………………………. 310

7.7.2.3       Medical device coatings………………………………………………………………………………. 311

7.7.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 312

7.7.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 316

7.8    MILITARY AND DEFENCE………………………………………………………………………………………….. 320

7.8.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 320

7.8.1.1       Cost of corrosion………………………………………………………………………………………….. 320

7.8.1.2       Exposure to harsh environments…………………………………………………………………. 320

7.8.1.3       Threat detection and prevention………………………………………………………………….. 320

7.8.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 320

7.8.3     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 323

7.8.4     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 326

7.9    PACKAGING………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 327

7.9.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 327

7.9.1.1       Environmental concerns………………………………………………………………………………. 328

7.9.1.2       Active packaging………………………………………………………………………………………….. 328

7.9.1.3       Improved barrier………………………………………………………………………………………….. 328

7.9.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 329

7.9.2.1       Nanoclays……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 330

7.9.2.2       Nanosilver……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 331

7.9.2.3       Nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………. 331

7.9.3     Global market size……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 332

7.9.4     Nanocoatings opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 332

7.9.5     Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 335

7.10      TEXTILES AND APPAREL………………………………………………………………………………………. 336

7.10.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 336

7.10.1.1     Growth in the market for anti-microbial textiles……………………………………………. 336

7.10.1.2     Need to improve the properties of cloth or fabric materials………………………….. 337

7.10.1.3     Environmental and regulatory……………………………………………………………………… 337

7.10.1.4     Increase in demand UV protection textiles and apparel………………………………. 337

7.10.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 338

7.10.3        Global market size…………………………………………………………………………………………… 342

7.10.4        Nanocoatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 342

7.10.5        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 346

7.11      RENEWABLE ENERGY…………………………………………………………………………………………… 349

7.11.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 349

7.11.1.1     Wind turbine protection………………………………………………………………………………… 349

7.11.1.2     Solar panel protection………………………………………………………………………………….. 350

7.11.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 351

7.11.2.1     Wind energy………………………………………………………………………………………………… 351

7.11.2.2     Solar…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 351

7.11.3        Global market size…………………………………………………………………………………………… 352

7.11.4        Nanocoatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 352

7.11.5        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 356

7.12      OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION………………………………………………………………………………… 357

7.12.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 357

7.12.1.1     Cost……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 358

7.12.1.2     Increased demands of deeper drilling environments……………………………………. 358

7.12.1.3     Increased demands of new drilling environments………………………………………… 359

7.12.1.4     Enhanced durability of drilling equipment…………………………………………………….. 359

7.12.1.5     Environmental and regulatory……………………………………………………………………… 360

7.12.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 360

7.12.3        Global market size…………………………………………………………………………………………… 362

7.12.4        Nanocoatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 363

7.12.5        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 366

7.13      TOOLS AND MANUFACTURING…………………………………………………………………………….. 368

7.13.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 368

7.13.1.1     Need for enhanced wear resistant coatings…………………………………………………. 368

7.13.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 368

7.13.3        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 369

7.14      ANTI-COUNTERFEITING………………………………………………………………………………………… 370

7.14.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 370

7.14.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 370

7.14.3        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 372

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8       NANOCOATINGS COMPANIES……………………………………………………………………………………… 375-575 (307 company profiles)

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9       REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 576

 

 

TABLES

Table 1: Properties of nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………………………………… 36

Table 2: Markets for nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………………… 43

Table 3: Disadvantages of commonly utilized superhydrophobic coating methods…………………….. 56

Table 4: Categorization of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………. 59

Table 5: Technology for synthesizing nanocoatings agents……………………………………………………….. 62

Table 6: Film coatings techniques………………………………………………………………………………………………. 63

Table 7: Contact angles of hydrophilic, super hydrophilic, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72

Table 8: Applications of oleophobic & omniphobic coatings……………………………………………………….. 76

Table 9: Nanomaterials used in nanocoatings and applications…………………………………………………. 79

Table 10: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings……………………………………………… 81

Table 11: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the coatings and paints markets……………………… 96

Table 12: Nanocoatings market structure…………………………………………………………………………………. 100

Table 13: Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 110

Table 14: Market assessment for anti-fingerprint nanocoatings……………………………………………….. 118

Table 15: Potential addressable market for anti-fingerprint nanocoatings………………………………… 118

Table 16: Revenues for anti-fingerprint nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and high estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119

Table 17: Anti-fingerprint coatings product and application developers……………………………………. 120

Table 18: Anti-microbial nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 124

Table 19: (A) illustrates biocidal nanocoating resistance to bacteria. (B) illustrates biocidal nanocoating resistance to fungus……………………………………………………………………………………….. 126

Table 20: Nanomaterials utilized in anti-microbial coatings-benefits and applications………………. 132

Table 21: Anti-microbial nanocoatings markets and applications……………………………………………… 134

Table 22: Market assessment for anti-microbial nanocoatings…………………………………………………. 136

Table 23: Opportunity for anti-microbial nanocoatings……………………………………………………………… 136

Table 24: Revenues for anti-microbial nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137

Table 25: Anti-microbial nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………… 139

Table 26: Anti-corrosion nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 141

Table 27: Anti-corrosion nanocoatings markets and applications…………………………………………….. 149

Table 28: Market assessment for anti-corrosion nanocoatings…………………………………………………. 151

Table 29: Opportunity for anti-corrosion nanocoatings……………………………………………………………… 151

Table 30: Revenues for anti-corrosion nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152

Table 31: Anti-corrosion nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………… 154

Table 32: Abrasion & wear resistant nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 156

Table 33: Abrasion & wear resistant nanocoatings markets and applications…………………………… 159

Table 34: Abrasion and wear resistant nanocoatings markets, applications and potential revenues…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 160

Table 35: Market assessment for abrasion and wear resistant nanocoatings…………………………… 161

Table 36: Revenues for abrasion and wear resistant nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 162

Table 37: Abrasion and wear resistant nanocoatings product and application developers……….. 163

Table 38: Barrier nanocoatings markets, applications and potential addressable market………… 169

Table 39: Market assessment for barrier nanocoatings and films…………………………………………….. 170

Table 40: Revenues for barrier nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 171

Table 41: Barrier nanocoatings product and application developers………………………………………… 172

Table 42: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 173

Table 43: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings markets, applications and potential addressable market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 177

Table 44: Market assessment for anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings……………………….. 178

Table 45: Revenues for anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 179

Table 46: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings product and application developers……. 181

Table 47: Self-cleaning (bionic) nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 183

Table 48: Self-cleaning (bionic) nanocoatings-Markets and applications………………………………….. 187

Table 49: Market assessment for self-cleaning (bionic) nanocoatings……………………………………… 187

Table 50: Revenues for self-cleaning nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 189

Table 51: Self-cleaning (bionic) nanocoatings product and application developers………………….. 190

Table 52: Self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 191

Table 53: Photocatalytic nanocoatings-Markets, applications and potential addressable market size…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 199

Table 54: Market assessment for self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings…………………………. 199

Table 55: Revenues for self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 200

Table 56: Self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings product and application developers……… 202

Table 57: UV-resistant nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 204

Table 58: UV-resistant nanocoatings-Markets, applications and potential addressable market.. 208

Table 59: Market assessment for UV-resistant nanocoatings…………………………………………………… 208

Table 60: Revenues for UV-resistant nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 209

Table 61: UV-resistant nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………….. 210

Table 62: Thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 211

Table 63: Nanomaterials utilized in thermal barrier and flame retardant coatings and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 213

Table 64: Thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings-Markets, applications and potential addressable markets…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 216

Table 65: Market assessment for thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings……………….. 217

Table 66: Revenues for thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………… 218

Table 67: Thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings product and application developers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 220

Table 68: Anti-icing nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties, applications…….. 220

Table 69: Nanomaterials utilized in anti-icing coatings and benefits thereof…………………………….. 226

Table 70: Anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings-Markets, applications and potential addressable markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 227

Table 71: Market assessment for anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings……………………………………. 228

Table 72: Revenues for anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 229

Table 73: Anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings product and application developers………………… 231

Table 74: Anti-reflective nanocoatings-Nanomaterials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 232

Table 75: Market opportunity for anti-reflection nanocoatings………………………………………………….. 236

Table 76: Revenues for anti-reflective nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 236

Table 77: Anti-reflective nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………… 237

Table 78: Types of self-healing coatings…………………………………………………………………………………… 239

Table 79: Self-healing nanocoatings product and application developers………………………………… 241

Table 80: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application……………………………………. 249

Table 81: Revenues for nanocoatings in the aerospace industry, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 254

Table 82: Aerospace nanocoatings product developers…………………………………………………………… 255

Table 83: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry……………………………………………………… 260

Table 84: Revenues for nanocoatings in the automotive industry, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimate……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 264

Table 85: Automotive nanocoatings product developers………………………………………………………….. 266

Table 86: Nanocoatings applied in the construction industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized and benefits………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 270

Table 87: Photocatalytic nanocoatings-Markets and applications…………………………………………….. 273

Table 88: Revenues for nanocoatings in construction, architecture and exterior protection, 2010-2025, US$…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 277

Table 89: Construction, architecture and exterior protection nanocoatings product developers.. 279

Table 90: Nanocoatings applied in the consumer electronics industry……………………………………… 286

Table 91: Revenues for nanocoatings in electronics, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 288

Table 92: Nanocoatings applications developers in electronics………………………………………………… 290

Table 93: Revenues for nanocoatings in household care, sanitary and indoor air quality, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………….. 297

Table 94: Household care, sanitary and indoor air quality nanocoatings product developers…… 299

Table 95: Nanocoatings applied in the marine industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized and benefits……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 303

Table 96: Revenues for nanocoatings in the marine sector, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 304

Table 97: Marine nanocoatings product developers…………………………………………………………………. 306

Table 98: Nanocoatings applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 310

Table 99: Types of advanced coatings applied in medical devices and implants……………………… 311

Table 100: Nanomaterials utilized in medical implants……………………………………………………………… 312

Table 101: Revenues for nanocoatings in medical and healthcare, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 315

Table 102: Medical and healthcare nanocoatings product developers……………………………………… 316

Table 103: Revenues for nanocoatings in military and defence, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 324

Table 104: Military and defence nanocoatings product and application developers…………………. 326

Table 105: Revenues for nanocoatings in packaging, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 334

Table 106: Packaging nanocoatings companies………………………………………………………………………. 335

Table 107: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 339

Table 108: Revenues for nanocoatings in textiles and apparel, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 345

Table 109: Textiles nanocoatings product developers……………………………………………………………… 346

Table 110: Revenues for nanocoatings in renewable energy, 2010-2025, US$……………………….. 354

Table 111: Renewable energy nanocoatings product developers…………………………………………….. 356

Table 112: Desirable functional properties for the oil and gas industry afforded by nanomaterials in coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 360

Table 113: Revenues for nanocoatings in oil and gas exploration, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 364

Table 114: Oil and gas nanocoatings product developers………………………………………………………… 366

Table 115: Tools and manufacturing nanocoatings product and application developers………….. 369

Table 116: Anti-counterfeiting nanocoatings product and application developers…………………….. 372

 

 

FIGURES

Figure 1: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market…………………………………… 42

Figure 2: Estimated revenues for nanocoatings, 2010-2025 based on current revenues generated by nanocoatings companies and predicted growth. Base year for estimates is 2015…………… 46

Figure 3: Market revenues for nanocoatings 2015, US$, by market…………………………………………… 47

Figure 4: Market revenues for nanocoatings 2025, US$, by market…………………………………………… 48

Figure 5: Markets for nanocoatings 2015, %………………………………………………………………………………. 48

Figure 6: Markets for nanocoatings 2025, %………………………………………………………………………………. 49

Figure 7: Market for nanocoatings 2015, by nanocoatings type, US$…………………………………………. 50

Figure 8: Markets for nanocoatings 2015, by nanocoatings type, %…………………………………………… 51

Figure 9: Market for nanocoatings 2025, by nanocoatings type, US$…………………………………………. 52

Figure 10: Market for nanocoatings 2025, by nanocoatings type, %…………………………………………… 53

Figure 11: Regional demand for nanocoatings, 2015…………………………………………………………………. 54

Figure 12: Commercially available quantum dots……………………………………………………………………….. 58

Figure 13: Techniques for constructing superhydrophobic coatings on substrates…………………….. 65

Figure 14: Electrospray deposition……………………………………………………………………………………………… 66

Figure 15: CVD technique…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 67

Figure 16: SEM images of different layers of TiO2 nanoparticles in steel surface………………………. 69

Figure 17: (a) Water drops on a lotus leaf…………………………………………………………………………………… 71

Figure 18: A schematic of (a) water droplet on normal hydrophobic surface with contact angle greater than 90° and (b) water droplet on a superhydrophobic surface with a contact angle > 150°………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73

Figure 19: Contact angle on superhydrophobic coated surface………………………………………………….. 73

Figure 20: Self-cleaning nanocellulose dishware………………………………………………………………………… 74

Figure 21: SLIPS repellent coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 76

Figure 22: Omniphobic coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77

Figure 23. : Antimicrobial activity of Graphene oxide (GO)…………………………………………………………. 82

Figure 24: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84

Figure 25: Graphene heat transfer coating…………………………………………………………………………………. 84

Figure 26: Silica nanoparticle antireflection coating on glass……………………………………………………… 88

Figure 27: Nanoclays structure. The dimensions of a clay platelet are typically 200-1000 nm in lateral dimension and 1 nm thick…………………………………………………………………………………………… 98

Figure 28: Schematic of typical commercialization route for nanocoatings producer………………… 100

Figure 7: Market for nanocoatings 2015, by nanocoatings type, US$………………………………………. 106

Figure 8: Markets for nanocoatings 2015, by nanocoatings type, %…………………………………………. 107

Figure 9: Market for nanocoatings 2025, by nanocoatings type, US$………………………………………. 108

Figure 10: Market for nanocoatings 2025, by nanocoatings type, %………………………………………… 109

Figure 33: Types of anti-fingerprint coatings applied to touchscreens………………………………………. 112

Figure 34: The Tesla S’s touchscreen interface……………………………………………………………………….. 114

Figure 35: Amtel touch screen interior concept………………………………………………………………………… 115

Figure 36: Schematic of anti-fingerprint nanocoatings……………………………………………………………… 116

Figure 37: Toray anti-fingerprint film (left) and an existing lipophilic film (right)………………………… 116

Figure 38: Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings markets and applications…………………………………………… 117

Figure 39: Revenues for anti-fingerprint coatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative estimate…….. 120

Figure 40: Markets for anti-fingerprint nanocoatings 2015, % based on nanocoatings company sales…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 120

Figure 41: Mechanism of microbial inactivation and degradation with anti-microbial PhotoProtect nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130

Figure 42: Schematic of silver nanoparticles penetrating bacterial cell membrane…………………… 131

Figure 43: : Antibacterial mechanism of nanosilver particles…………………………………………………….. 131

Figure 44: Markets anti-microbial nanocoatings 2015, %, based on nanocoatings company sales……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 135

Figure 45: Potential addressable market for anti-microbial nanocoatings…………………………………. 137

Figure 46: Revenues for anti-microbial nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 138

Figure 47: Nanovate CoP coating…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 146

Figure 48:  2000 hour salt fog results for Teslan nanocoatings………………………………………………… 147

Figure 49: AnCatt proprietary polyaniline nanodispersion and coating structure………………………. 147

Figure 50: Schematic of anti-corrosion via superhydrophobic surface……………………………………… 148

Figure 51: Markets for anti-corrosion nanocoatings 2015, % based on nanocoatings company sales…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 150

Figure 52: Potential addressable market for anti-corrosion nanocoatings………………………………… 152

Figure 53: Revenues for anti-corrosion nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153

Figure 54: Potential addressable market for abrasion and wear resistant nanocoatings………….. 161

Figure 55: Revenues for abrasion and wear-resistant nanocoatings, 2010-2025, millions US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………… 163

Figure 56: Nanocomposite oxygen barrier schematic……………………………………………………………….. 166

Figure 57:  Schematic of barrier nanoparticles deposited on flexible substrates………………………. 167

Figure 58: Markets for barrier nanocoatings 2015, %……………………………………………………………….. 168

Figure 59: Potential addressable market for barrier nanocoatings and films…………………………….. 170

Figure 60: Revenues for barrier nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 172

Figure 61: Markets for anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings 2015, by %……………………… 177

Figure 62: Potential addressable market for anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings……….. 179

Figure 63: Revenues for anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 180

Figure 64: Self-cleaning superhydrophobic coating schematic…………………………………………………. 185

Figure 65: Markets for self-cleaning nanocoatings 2015, %……………………………………………………… 186

Figure 66: Potential addressable market for self-cleaning (bionic) nanocoatings……………………… 188

Figure 67: Revenues for self-cleaning nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 190

Figure 68: Titanium dioxide-coated glass (left) and ordinary glass (right)…………………………………. 193

Figure 69: Mechanism of photocatalysis on a surface treated with TiO2 nanoparticles……………. 194

Figure 70:  Schematic showing the self-cleaning phenomena on superhydrophilic surface……… 195

Figure 71: Principle of superhydrophilicity………………………………………………………………………………… 196

Figure 72: Schematic of photocatalytic air purifying pavement…………………………………………………. 197

Figure 73: Tokyo Station GranRoof. The titanium dioxide coating ensures long-lasting whiteness…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 198

Figure 74: Markets for self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings 2015, %…………………………….. 198

Figure 75: Potential addressable market for self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings…………. 200

Figure 76: Revenues for self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………… 201

Figure 77: Markets for UV-resistant nanocoatings 2015, %……………………………………………………… 207

Figure 78: Potential addressable market for UV-resistant nanocoatings………………………………….. 209

Figure 79: Revenues for UV-resistant nanocoatings, 2010-2025, $, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 210

Figure 80: Flame retardant nanocoating…………………………………………………………………………………… 215

Figure 81: Markets for thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings 2015, %………………….. 216

Figure 82: Potential addressable market for thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings.. 218

Figure 83: Revenues for thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………… 219

Figure 84: Carbon nanotube based anti-icing/de-icing device………………………………………………….. 223

Figure 85: Nanocoated surface in comparison to existing surfaces………………………………………….. 224

Figure 86: CNT anti-icing nanocoating……………………………………………………………………………………… 225

Figure 87: NANOMYTE® SuperAi, a Durable Anti-ice Coating………………………………………………… 226

Figure 88: Markets for anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings 2015, %………………………………………. 227

Figure 89: Potential addressable market for anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings…………………… 229

Figure 90: Revenues for anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 230

Figure 91: Demo solar panels coated with nanocoatings………………………………………………………….. 234

Figure 92: Schematic of AR coating utilizing nanoporous coating…………………………………………….. 235

Figure 93: Revenues for anti-reflective nanocoatings, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 237

Figure 94: Metal strip coated with thermochromic nanoparticles………………………………………………. 242

Figure 2: Estimated revenues for nanocoatings, 2010-2025 based on current revenues generated by nanocoatings companies and predicted growth. Base year for estimates is 2015…………. 243

Figure 3: Market revenues for nanocoatings 2015, US$, by market…………………………………………. 244

Figure 4: Market revenues for nanocoatings 2025, US$, by market…………………………………………. 244

Figure 5: Markets for nanocoatings 2015, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 245

Figure 6: Markets for nanocoatings 2025, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 246

Figure 95: Nanocoatings in the aerospace industry 2015, by nanocoatings type %…………………. 253

Figure 96: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in aerospace………………………………….. 253

Figure 97: Revenues for nanocoatings in the aerospace industry, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 255

Figure 98: Nissan Scratch Shield……………………………………………………………………………………………… 259

Figure 99: Nanocoatings in the automotive industry 2015, by coatings type %………………………… 263

Figure 100: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in the automotive sector………………. 264

Figure 101: Revenues for nanocoatings in the automotive industry, 2010-2025, US$……………… 265

Figure 102: Mechanism of photocatalytic NOx oxidation on active concrete road……………………. 272

Figure 103: Jubilee Church in Rome, the outside coated with nano photocatalytic TiO2 coatings. 273

Figure 104: FN® photocatalytic coating, applied in the Project of Ecological Sound Barrier, in Prague………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 274

Figure 105: Nanocoatings in construction, architecture and exterior protection 2015, by coatings type %…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 276

Figure 106: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in the construction, architecture and exterior coatings sector………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 277

Figure 107: Revenues for nanocoatings in construction, architecture and exterior protection, 2010-2025, US$…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 279

Figure 108: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank…………………………………………. 284

Figure 109: Nanocoating submerged in water………………………………………………………………………….. 286

Figure 110: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in electronics……………………………….. 288

Figure 111: Revenues for nanocoatings in electronics, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 290

Figure 112: Nanocoatings in household care, sanitary and indoor air quality 2015, by coatings type %………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 297

Figure 113: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in household care, sanitary and indoor air filtration………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 297

Figure 114: Revenues for nanocoatings in household care, sanitary and indoor air quality, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………… 298

Figure 115: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in the marine sector…………………….. 304

Figure 116: Revenues for nanocoatings in the marine sector, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 306

Figure 117: Nanocoatings in medical and healthcare 2015, by coatings type %………………………. 314

Figure 118: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in medical & healthcare……………….. 314

Figure 119: Revenues for nanocoatings in medical and healthcare, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 316

Figure 120: Nanocoatings in military and defence 2015, by nanocoatings type %…………………… 323

Figure 121: Potential addressable market nanocoatings in military and defence……………………… 324

Figure 122: Revenues for nanocoatings in military and defence, 2010-2025, US$…………………… 325

Figure 123: O2 Block from Nanobiomatters……………………………………………………………………………… 329

Figure 124: Nanocomposite oxygen barrier schematic…………………………………………………………….. 330

Figure 125: Oso fresh food packaging incorporating antimicrobial silver………………………………….. 331

Figure 126: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in packaging………………………………… 333

Figure 127: Revenues for nanocoatings in packaging, 2010-2025, US$………………………………….. 334

Figure 128: Omniphobic-coated fabric……………………………………………………………………………………… 339

Figure 129: Nanocoatings in textiles and apparel 2015, by coatings type %…………………………….. 344

Figure 130: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in textiles and apparel…………………. 344

Figure 131: Revenues for nanocoatings in textiles and apparel, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 346

Figure 132: Self-Cleaning Hydrophobic Coatings on solar panels……………………………………………. 350

Figure 133: Nanocoatings in renewable energy 2015, by coatings type %………………………………. 353

Figure 134: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in renewable energy……………………. 354

Figure 135: Revenues for nanocoatings in renewable energy, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 355

Figure 136: Oil-Repellent self-healing nanocoatings………………………………………………………………… 362

Figure 137: Nanocoatings in oil and gas exploration 2015, by coatings type %……………………….. 363

Figure 138: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings oil and gas exploration………………… 364

Figure 139: Revenues for nanocoatings in oil and gas exploration, 2010-2025, US$………………. 365

Figure 140: Security tag developed by Nanotech Security……………………………………………………….. 371