The Global Market for Smart Coatings

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Published October 2017 | 256 pages | Table of contents

Smart coatings are coating systems that are capable of responding dynamically to external changes in their environment. These types of coatings elicit a sensory response to environmental stimuli such as changes in temperature or current and respond accordingly.

Although smart coatings are not new, the growing development of nanotechnology and advanced materials has opened new avenues for multi-functional coatings that sense and react to stress, pressure, corrosion, radiation and biological stimuli. The incorporation of multifunctional, smart nanofillers to polymer matrix results in a range of unique properties.

Examples of smart coatings include stimuli responsive, conductive, self-healing, and super hydrophobic systems. This report assesses the latest technical developments in the smart coatings market including:

Smart coating types analysis
The global smart coating market is segmented into self-healing coatings, electrochromic coatings, thermochromic coatings, hydrophobic coatings, superhydrophobic coatings, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings and piezoelectric coatings.

Smart coating producer competitive analysis
The key players in the global smart coating market are profiled including products and target markets.

Smart coating end user market analysis
The global smart coating end user application market is segmented into aerospace, automotive, construction, consumer electronics, marine, medical & healthcare, military & defence, packaging, textiles and apparel, energy, oil & gas.

This report will answer the following questions:

  • How large is the current market for smart coatings?
  • What is the status of these technology areas?
  • What is driving deployment of these coatings?
  • What are the potential market opportunities?
  • Who are developing these coatings and in what market?

Report contents include:

  • Stage of commercialization for smart coatings, from basic research to market entry.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
    In-depth market assessment of opportunities for smart coatings including potential revenues, growth rates etc.
  • In-depth company profiles, including products, capacities, and commercial activities.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and user demand.
  • Companies profiled in the report include Autonomic Materials, Covestro, SLIPS Technologies, Suprapolix BV, Battelle, Oceanit, Tesla Nanocoatings and many more.

Further information

If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at info@futuremarketsinc.com or call +44 (0) 207 112 7500.

The Global Market for Smart Coatings
The Global Market for Smart Coatings
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 23

1.1    Need for high performance, multi-functional smart coatings…………………………………………… 23

1.2    Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24

1.2.1     Performance advantage of smart coatings…………………………………………………………….. 24

1.2.2     Protection AND detection……………………………………………………………………………………….. 25

1.2.3     Increased demand for autonomous coatings for aggressive environments……………. 25

1.2.4     Cost of corrosion……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26

1.2.5     Need for improved hygiene……………………………………………………………………………………. 27

1.2.6     Sustainable and environmentally friendly coating systems and materials……………… 27

1.3    Market size and opportunity for smart coatings………………………………………………………………. 28

1.3.1     Total market revenues, 2015-2025………………………………………………………………………… 31

1.3.2     Smart coatings revenues by markets, 2015-2025………………………………………………….. 32

1.3.3     Market for smart coatings, by coatings type, 2016-2026………………………………………… 36

1.4    Market and technical challenges…………………………………………………………………………………….. 37

1.4.1     Durability………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37

1.4.2     Dispersion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38

1.4.3     Transparency…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38

1.4.4     Production, scalability and cost………………………………………………………………………………. 38

2    TYPES OF SMART COATINGS……………………………………………….. 39

2.1    What are smart coatings?………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39

2.1.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39

2.1.2     Types of smart coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 40

2.1.3     Main production and synthesis methods………………………………………………………………… 41

2.1.3.1       Film coatings techniques……………………………………………………………………………….. 41

2.1.3.2       Superhydrophobic coatings on substrates…………………………………………………….. 44

2.1.3.3       Electrospray and electrospinning…………………………………………………………………… 45

2.1.3.4       Chemical and electrochemical deposition……………………………………………………… 45

2.1.3.5       Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)………………………………………………………………….. 46

2.1.3.6       Physical vapor deposition (PVD)……………………………………………………………………. 47

2.1.3.7       Atomic layer deposition (ALD)……………………………………………………………………….. 47

2.1.3.8       Aerosol coating……………………………………………………………………………………………… 47

2.1.3.9       Layer-by-layer Self-assembly (LBL)………………………………………………………………. 48

2.1.3.10     Sol-gel process………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49

2.1.3.11     Etching…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 49

3    ANTI-CORROSION SMART COATINGS…………………………………… 50

3.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 50

3.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55

4    ANTI-ICING SMART COATINGS……………………………………………… 56

4.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56

4.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57

5    ANTI-FOULING AND EASY-TO-CLEAN SMART COATINGS……… 61

5.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 61

5.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62

6    ANTI-MICROBIAL SMART COATINGS…………………………………….. 63

6.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 63

6.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 65

7    ELECTROCHROMIC COATINGS…………………………………………….. 67

7.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 67

7.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67

8    THERMOCHROMIC COATINGS……………………………………………… 68

8.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68

8.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68

9    HYDROPHOBIC COATINGS…………………………………………………… 69

9.1    Hydrophilic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70

9.2    Self-cleaning…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70

9.2.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70

9.3    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71

10 SUPERHYDROPHOBIC COATINGS………………………………………… 72

10.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72

10.1.1        Durability issues…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73

10.1.2        Nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 73

11 OLEOPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS………………………… 74

11.1      Liquid-infused coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74

11.2      Covalent bonding……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75

11.3      Step-growth graft polymerization……………………………………………………………………………….. 75

11.4      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 76

12 SELF-HEALING COATINGS……………………………………………………. 77

12.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77

12.1.1        Polyurethane clear coats……………………………………………………………………………………. 78

12.1.2        Micro-/nanocapsules………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78

12.1.3        Microvascular networks……………………………………………………………………………………… 79

12.1.4        Mechano-responsive polymers………………………………………………………………………….. 80

12.1.5        Click polymerization…………………………………………………………………………………………… 80

12.1.6        Carbon nanotubes……………………………………………………………………………………………… 81

12.1.7        UV exposure………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81

12.1.8        Polyampholyte Hydrogels………………………………………………………………………………….. 81

12.2      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 82

13 POLY(IONIC LIQUID) COATINGS……………………………………………. 84

13.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84

13.2      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84

14 METAL–ORGANIC FRAMEWORK (MOF) COATINGS……………….. 85

14.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 85

14.2      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 85

15 MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY END USER MARKET……….. 86

15.1      SMART COATINGS IN THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY……………………………………………. 86

15.1.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………….. 86

15.1.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 88

15.1.2.1     Smart thermal protection……………………………………………………………………………….. 90

15.1.2.2     Smart icing prevention coatings…………………………………………………………………….. 90

15.1.2.3     Smart conductive and anti-static coatings……………………………………………………… 90

15.1.2.4     Smart corrosion-resistant coatings………………………………………………………………… 91

15.1.2.5     Smart windows………………………………………………………………………………………………. 92

15.1.2.6     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 92

15.1.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 92

15.1.4        Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94-104 (24 profiles)

15.2      SMART COATINGS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY………………………………………… 104

15.2.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 104

15.2.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 106

15.2.2.1     Smart windows and mirrors…………………………………………………………………………. 109

15.2.2.2     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 110

15.2.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 111

15.2.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 113-120 (17 profiles)

15.3      SMART COATINGS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY……………………………………. 120

15.3.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 120

15.3.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 122

15.3.2.1     Smart windows…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 123

15.3.2.2     Anti-graffiti……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 127

15.3.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 127

15.3.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130-142 (30 profiles)

15.4      SMART COATINGS IN THE CONSUMER ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY…………………. 142

15.4.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 142

15.4.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 144

15.4.2.1     Waterproof coatings…………………………………………………………………………………….. 144

15.4.2.2     Conductive films………………………………………………………………………………………….. 145

15.4.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 147

15.4.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 148-156 (20 profiles)

15.5      SMART COATINGS IN THE MARINE INDUSTRY………………………………………………….. 157

15.5.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 157

15.5.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 158

15.5.2.1     Corrosion detection……………………………………………………………………………………… 159

15.5.2.2     Self-healing………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 159

15.5.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 159

15.5.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 161-167 (16 profiles)

15.6      SMART COATINGS IN THE MEDICAL & HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY……………………. 168

15.6.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 168

15.6.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 169

15.6.2.1     Flexible/stretchable health monitors…………………………………………………………….. 171

15.6.2.2     Patch type skin sensors……………………………………………………………………………….. 172

15.6.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 174

15.6.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 178-189 (28 profiles)

15.7      SMART COATINGS IN THE MILITARY AND DEFENCE INDUSTRY……………………… 190

15.7.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 190

15.7.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 191

15.7.2.1     Textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 191

15.7.2.2     Military equipment……………………………………………………………………………………….. 191

15.7.2.3     Chemical and biological protection………………………………………………………………. 191

15.7.2.4     Decontamination………………………………………………………………………………………….. 191

15.7.2.5     Thermal barrier……………………………………………………………………………………………. 192

15.7.2.6     EMI/ESD Shielding………………………………………………………………………………………. 192

15.7.2.7     Anti-reflection………………………………………………………………………………………………. 192

15.7.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 193

15.7.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 195-200 (12 profiles)

15.8      SMART COATINGS IN THE TEXTILES AND APPAREL INDUSTRY……………………… 200

15.8.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 200

15.8.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 202

15.8.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 208

15.8.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 210-225 (35 profiles)

15.9      SMART COATINGS IN THE ENERGY INDUSTRY…………………………………………………. 225

15.9.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 226

15.9.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 227

15.9.2.1     Wind energy………………………………………………………………………………………………… 227

15.9.2.2     Solar…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 227

15.9.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 228

15.9.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 230-234 (13 company profiles)

15.10    SMART COATINGS IN  THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY………………………………………… 235

15.10.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 235

15.10.2      Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 237

15.10.3      Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 239

15.10.4      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 241-246 (15 company profiles)

16 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 248

 

TABLES

Table 1: Properties of smart coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 23

Table 2: Markets for smart coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 28

Table 3: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. Conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33

Table 4: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. High estimate…. 35

Table 5: Market for smart coatings, by coatings type, 2016-2026, USD, conservative estimate…. 36

Table 6: Disadvantages of commonly utilized superhydrophobic coating methods…………………….. 38

Table 7: Technology for synthesizing nanocoatings agents……………………………………………………….. 41

Table 8: Film coatings techniques………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41

Table 9: Anti-corrosion smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 50

Table 10: Anti-corrosion smart coatings markets and applications……………………………………………… 55

Table 11: Anti-icing smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties, applications. 56

Table 12: Anti-icing smart coatings-Markets and applications…………………………………………………….. 60

Table 13: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 61

Table 14: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean smart coatings markets and applications……………………. 62

Table 15: Anti-microbial smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 63

Table 16: Anti-microbial nanocoatings markets and applications……………………………………………….. 66

Table 17: Electrochromic smart coatings markets and applications……………………………………………. 67

Table 18: Thermochromic smart coatings markets and applications………………………………………….. 68

Table 19: Contact angles of hydrophilic, super hydrophilic, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70

Table 20: Superhydrophobic coatings-Markets and applications………………………………………………… 71

Table 21: Applications of oleophobic & omniphobic coatings……………………………………………………… 76

Table 22: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing polyurethane clear coats…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78

Table 23: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing micro-/nanocapsules………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78

Table 24: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing microvascular networks……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79

Table 25: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing mechano-responsive polymers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 80

Table 26: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing Click Polymerization………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 80

Table 27: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing carbon nanotubes. 81

Table 28: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for UV exposure self-healing coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81

Table 29: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for Polyampholyte Hydrogels……. 81

Table 30: Self-healing coatings producers and product developers……………………………………………. 83

Table 31: Applications of poly (ionic liquid) coatings…………………………………………………………………… 84

Table 32: Applications of MOF coatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 85

Table 33: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the aerospace industry……………………… 86

Table 34: Types of smart coatings utilized in aerospace and application……………………………………. 89

Table 35: Market size for smart coatings in aerospace………………………………………………………………. 92

Table 36: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the automotive industry………………….. 104

Table 37: Smart coatings applied in the automotive industry……………………………………………………. 106

Table 38: Technologies for smart windows and mirrors in automobiles……………………………………. 109

Table 39: Market size for smart coatings in automotive……………………………………………………………. 111

Table 40: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the construction industry………………… 120

Table 41:Smart coatings applied in the construction industry…………………………………………………… 122

Table 42: Technologies for smart windows in buildings……………………………………………………………. 125

Table 43: Market size for smart coatings in the construction industry………………………………………. 127

Table 44: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the consumer electronics industry….. 143

Table 45: Smart coatings applied in the consumer electronics industry……………………………………. 145

Table 46: Market size for smart coatings in electronics…………………………………………………………….. 147

Table 47: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the marine industry…………………………. 157

Table 48: Smart coatings applied in the marine industry………………………………………………………….. 158

Table 49: Market size for smart coatings in the marine industry……………………………………………….. 159

Table 50: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry.. 168

Table 51: Smart coatngs applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 170

Table 52: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by smart materials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 171

Table 53: Market size for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry……………………… 176

Table 54: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the military and defence industry……. 190

Table 55: Market size for smart coatings in the military and defence industry………………………….. 193

Table 56: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry…….. 200

Table 57: Smart coatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, materials utilized, benefits and applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 203

Table 58: Smart clothing and apparel and stage of development…………………………………………….. 207

Table 59: Market size for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry…………………………… 208

Table 60: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the energy industry…………………………. 226

Table 61: Market size for smart coatings in the energy industry……………………………………………….. 228

Table 62: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the oil and gas industry…………………… 235

Table 63: Smart coatings in the oil and gas industry………………………………………………………………… 237

Table 64: Market size for smart coatings in the oil and gas industry…………………………………………. 239

 

FIGURES

Figure 1: Micro/nano capsules incorporated within a coating matrix…………………………………………… 25

Figure 2: Schematic of the blistering and delamination mechanism……………………………………………. 26

Figure 3: Total market revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, USD. Conservative and high estimates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32

Figure 4: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. Conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33

Figure 5: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. High estimate… 35

Figure 6: Markets for smart coatings 2015, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 36

Figure 7: Markets for smart coatings 2025, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 36

Figure 8: Techniques for constructing superhydrophobic coatings on substrates………………………. 44

Figure 9: Electrospray deposition……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45

Figure 10: CVD technique…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46

Figure 11: SEM images of different layers of TiO2 nanoparticles in steel surface………………………. 48

Figure 12: Nanovate CoP coating………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53

Figure 13:  2000 hour salt fog results for Teslan nanocoatings………………………………………………….. 53

Figure 14: AnCatt proprietary polyaniline nanodispersion and coating structure………………………… 54

Figure 15: Schematic of anti-corrosion via superhydrophobic surface………………………………………… 54

Figure 16: Carbon nanotube based anti-icing/de-icing device…………………………………………………….. 57

Figure 17: Nanocoated surface in comparison to existing surfaces……………………………………………. 58

Figure 18: CNT anti-icing nanocoating……………………………………………………………………………………….. 59

Figure 19: NANOMYTE® SuperAi, a Durable Anti-ice Coating…………………………………………………… 59

Figure 20: Metal strip coated with thermochromic nanoparticles………………………………………………… 68

Figure 21: (a) Water drops on a lotus leaf…………………………………………………………………………………… 69

Figure 22: A schematic of (a) water droplet on normal hydrophobic surface with contact angle greater than 90° and (b) water droplet on a superhydrophobic surface with a contact angle > 150°………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71

Figure 23: Contact angle on superhydrophobic coated surface………………………………………………….. 72

Figure 24: Self-cleaning nanocellulose dishware………………………………………………………………………… 73

Figure 25: SLIPS repellent coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 75

Figure 26: Omniphobic coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77

Figure 27: Microspheres incorporating self-healing materials…………………………………………………….. 82

Figure 28: Flow of self-healing materials into the crack site……………………………………………………….. 83

Figure 29: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in aerospace………………………………….. 93

Figure 30: Revenues for smart coatings in aerospace 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94

Figure 31: Nissan Scratch Shield……………………………………………………………………………………………… 111

Figure 32: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the automotive sector………………. 112

Figure 33: Revenues for smart coatings in automotive 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 113

Figure 34: SPD smart windows schematic……………………………………………………………………………….. 124

Figure 35: Vertical insulated glass unit for a Suntuitive® thermochromic window…………………….. 124

Figure 36: Nanocrystal smart glass that can switch between fully transparent, heat-blocking, and light-and-heat-blocking modes……………………………………………………………………………………………. 125

Figure 37: Potential addressable market fpr smart coatings in the construction industry………….. 129

Figure 38: Revenues for smart coatings in construction and exterior protection 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 130

Figure 39: Nanocoating submerged in water……………………………………………………………………………. 144

Figure 40: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank……………………………………………. 145

Figure 41: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in electronics……………………………….. 147

Figure 42: Revenues for smart coatings in consumer electronics 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 148

Figure 43: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the marine industry………………….. 160

Figure 44: Revenues for smart coatings in the marine industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 161

Figure 45: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 173

Figure 46: Graphene medical patch………………………………………………………………………………………….. 174

Figure 47: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor…………………………………………………………………. 175

Figure 48: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in medical & healthcare……………….. 177

Figure 49: Revenues for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 178

Figure 50: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in military and defence………………… 194

Figure 51: Revenues for smart coatings in the military industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 195

Figure 52: Omniphobic-coated fabric………………………………………………………………………………………… 203

Figure 53: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in textiles and apparel…………………. 210

Figure 54: Revenues for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 210

Figure 55: Self-Cleaning Hydrophobic Coatings on solar panels……………………………………………… 228

Figure 56: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in energy……………………………………… 229

Figure 57: Revenues for smart coatings in the energy industry (inc. oil and gas) 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………….. 230

Figure 58: Oil-Repellent self-healing oatings…………………………………………………………………………….. 239

Figure 59: Potential addressable market for smart coatings oil and gas exploration………………… 241