The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030

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Published October 15 2020 | 355 pages, 91 tables, 117 figures

The global market for conductive inks is estimated at >$2.5 billion in annual revenues, and will continue to grow as applications proliferate in sensors, wearables, smart packaging, flexible electronics, OLEDs, thin film transistors, photovoltaics, smart textiles, automotive and more.

Not only will demand across all current markets grow, but the development of new materials and processes is leading to the creation of new market opportunities for conductive ink producers and suppliers in flexible, customized and 3D printed electronics. Opportunities explored in this report include:

  • Flexible and stretchable electronics.
  • Printed electronics for smartphones (printed antennas, touch screens).
  • Printed circuit boards.
  • 3D printing.
  • Smart packaging.
  • Photovoltaics.
  • Flexible lighting.
  • Flexible displays.
  • Wearables and IoT.
  • Healthcare wearable monitoting.
  • Smart textiles.

Copper and silver inks will continue to dominate the market for the next few years but growth in flexible electronics necessitates the development of new materials. Conductive ink materials explored in this report include:

  • Copper ink.
  • Silver ink.
  • Conductive polymers.
  • Copper nanoparticles.
  • Metal nanoparticles.
  • Carbon nanotubes.
  • Graphene.
  • Gold nanoparticles.

 

Report contents include:

  • Conductive inks market forecasts.
  • In depth assessment of conductive ink types including properties, advantages, disadvantages, prospects, applications and revenues.
  • Opportunity assessment by application and market including photovoltaics, touch screens, flexible displays, automotive, 3D printing, sensors, printed circuit boards, electronic textiles and wearables, RFID, printed memory and transistors, printed heaters, conductive pens etc.
  • Latest products.
  • 129 company profiles. Companies profiled include Agfa-Gevaert N.V., Asahi Kasei, Bando Chemical Industries, BeBop Sensors, BotFactory, Daicel Corporation, DuPont Advanced Materials, Electroninks Writeables, Fujikura Kasei Co Ltd., Genes 'Ink, Henkel, Hitachi Chemical, Kishu Giken Kogyo Co.,Ltd., Liquid X Printed Metals, Inc., Sun Chemical, The Sixth Element, T-Ink, Toyobo etc.

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   23

  • 1.1          Market drivers  24
  • 1.2          The evolution of electronics        25
    • 1.2.1      The wearables revolution             26
    • 1.2.2      Wearable market leaders             28
    • 1.2.3      Flexible, stretchable, thin, and large-area form factors     29
  • 1.3          What are flexible and stretchable electronics?    30
    • 1.3.1      From rigid to flexible and stretchable      30
    • 1.3.2      Organic and printed electronics 32
    • 1.3.3      New conductive materials            32
    • 1.3.4      Foldable smartphones and tablets            35
  • 1.4          Growth in flexible and stretchable electronics market      38
    • 1.4.1      Recent growth in printed, flexible and stretchable products          38
    • 1.4.2      Future growth   39
    • 1.4.3      Nanotechnology as a market driver          39
    • 1.4.4      Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics       39
  • 1.5          Global market for conductive inks 2015-2030, by type     42

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         44

 

3              CONDUCTIVE INK MATERIALS     45

  • 3.1          Conductive ink types      45
    • 3.1.1      Conductive ink materials               45
  • 3.2          Printing methods             49
    • 3.2.1      Nanoparticle ink               52
  • 3.3          Sintering              53
  • 3.4          Conductive Filaments     53
  • 3.5          Conductive films, foils and grids 53
  • 3.6          Inkjet printing in flexible electronics        54
  • 3.7          Drawn-on-skin electronics           54
  • 3.8          RFID       55
    • 3.8.1      Printed RFID antennaes 55
  • 3.9          Smart labels       56
  • 3.10        CARBON NANOTUBES    56
    • 3.10.1    Properties           56
      • 3.10.1.1                Single-walled carbon nanotubes 58
    • 3.10.2    Applications       59
    • 3.10.3    Prices    60
    • 3.10.4    Companies         62
  • 3.11        CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS (CP)     64
    • 3.11.1    Properties           64
      • 3.11.1.1                PDMS    64
      • 3.11.1.2                PEDOT: PSS         64
        • 3.11.1.2.1             Transparency     65
    • 3.11.2    Applications       66
  • 3.12        GRAPHENE         66
    • 3.12.1    Properties           66
    • 3.12.2    Graphene conductive inks            68
    • 3.12.3    Prices    72
    • 3.12.4    Companies         82
  • 3.13        SILVER INK (Flake, nanoparticles, nanowires, ion)               84
    • 3.13.1    Silver flake          84
    • 3.13.2    Silver (Ag) nanoparticle ink           84
      • 3.13.2.1                Conductivity       85
    • 3.13.3    Silver nanowires               86
    • 3.13.4    Applications       87
    • 3.13.5    Prices    88
      • 3.13.5.1                Cost for printed area      88
  • 3.14        COPPER INK AND PASTE 89
    • 3.14.1    Copper (Cu) nanoparticle ink       89
    • 3.14.2    Silver-coated copper      90
    • 3.14.3    Prices    90
  • 3.15        NANOCELLULOSE             90
    • 3.15.1    Properties           90
    • 3.15.2    Applications       93
      • 3.15.2.1                Cellulose nanofibers in conductive inks   94
  • 3.16        GOLD (Au) INK  94
    • 3.16.1    Properties           94
  • 3.17        SILOXANE INKS 95

 

4              MARKETS FOR CONDUCTIVE INKS             96

  • 4.1          PRINTED FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE DISPLAYS 96
    • 4.1.1      MARKET DRIVERS             96
    • 4.1.2      CURRENT STATE OF THE ART       96
      • 4.1.2.1   Printed, flexible and stretchable circuit boards and interconnects              97
      • 4.1.2.2   Printed, flexible and stretchable transistors          98
      • 4.1.2.3   In-mold electronics         99
    • 4.1.3      APPLICATIONS  100
      • 4.1.3.1   Flexible AMOLEDs            101
      • 4.1.3.2   Flexible PMOLED (Passive Matrix OLED) 103
      • 4.1.3.3   Foldable and rollable OLED smartphones              103
      • 4.1.3.4   Foldable and rollable OLED displays         104
      • 4.1.3.5   Transparent displays       105
      • 4.1.3.6   Curved automotive displays        106
      • 4.1.3.7   Flexible and wearable display advertising              107
      • 4.1.3.8   Flexible OLED lighting     107
    • 4.1.4      GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     108
  • 4.2          WEARABLE ELECTRONICS             111
    • 4.2.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS  111
    • 4.2.2      APPLICATIONS  114
      • 4.2.2.1   Smartwatches   115
        • 4.2.2.1.1               Main smart watch producers and products           115
      • 4.2.2.2   Sports and fitness trackers           116
        • 4.2.2.2.1               Products              118
      • 4.2.2.3   Sleep trackers and wearable monitors    120
        • 4.2.2.3.1               Products              121
      • 4.2.2.4   Smart glasses and head-mounted displays (VR, AR, MR, vision loss and eye trackers)         121
        • 4.2.2.4.1               Products              122
      • 4.2.2.5   Military 126
      • 4.2.2.6   Industrial and workplace monitoring       127
      • 4.2.2.7   Flexible and stretchable electronics in wearables               127
      • 4.2.2.8   Stretchable artificial skin               130
    • 4.2.3      GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     130
  • 4.3          MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE SENSORS AND WEARABLES 135
    • 4.3.1      MARKET DRIVERS             135
    • 4.3.2      CURRENT STATE OF THE ART       138
      • 4.3.2.1   Monitoring solutions to track COVID-19 symptoms           141
        • 4.3.2.1.1               Temperature and respiratory rate monitoring     141
    • 4.3.3      APPLICATIONS  142
      • 4.3.3.1   Companies and products              143
      • 4.3.3.2   Electronic skin patches  148
      • 4.3.3.3   Nanomaterials-based devices     149
      • 4.3.3.4   Wearable health alert and monitoring devices    151
      • 4.3.3.5   Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)   153
        • 4.3.3.5.1               Minimally-invasive CGM sensors               153
        • 4.3.3.5.2               Non-invasive CGM sensors          156
        • 4.3.3.5.3               Companies and products              158
      • 4.3.3.6   Cardiovascular   161
        • 4.3.3.6.1               ECG sensors       162
        • 4.3.3.6.2               PPG sensors       164
      • 4.3.3.7   Pregnancy and newborn monitoring        165
      • 4.3.3.8   Wearable temperature monitoring          166
      • 4.3.3.9   Hydration sensors           168
      • 4.3.3.10                Wearable sweat sensors (medical and sports)     169
        • 4.3.3.10.1             Products              171
      • 4.3.3.11                Wearable drug delivery 172
      • 4.3.3.12                Cosmetics patches           174
      • 4.3.3.13                Smart footwear 175
      • 4.3.3.14                Smart contact lenses      176
      • 4.3.3.15                Smart wound care           177
      • 4.3.3.16                Wearable exoskeletons 179
      • 4.3.3.17                Medical hearables           182
    • 4.3.4      GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     183
  • 4.4          ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES)           187
    • 4.4.1      MARKET DRIVERS             187
    • 4.4.2      MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS 191
      • 4.4.2.1   Conductive and stretchable yarns             192
      • 4.4.2.2   Conductive polymers     193
        • 4.4.2.2.1               PDMS    195
        • 4.4.2.2.2               PEDOT: PSS         195
      • 4.4.2.3   Conductive coatings        196
      • 4.4.2.4   Conductive inks 197
      • 4.4.2.5   Nanomaterials  199
        • 4.4.2.5.1               Nanocoatings in smart textiles   201
        • 4.4.2.5.2               Graphene           204
        • 4.4.2.5.3               Nanofibers         205
        • 4.4.2.5.4               Carbon nanotubes           207
      • 4.4.2.6   Phase change materials 209
        • 4.4.2.6.1               Temperature controlled fabrics  210
    • 4.4.3      APPLICATIONS, MARKETS AND PRODUCTS            211
      • 4.4.3.1   Smart clothing products 211
      • 4.4.3.2   Temperature monitoring and regulation 213
      • 4.4.3.3   Stretchable E-fabrics       215
      • 4.4.3.4   Sport & fitness  216
      • 4.4.3.5   Smart footwear 217
      • 4.4.3.6   Military/Defence             218
      • 4.4.3.7   Industrial and workplace monitoring       219
      • 4.4.3.8   Flexible and wearable display advertising              220
      • 4.4.3.9   Powering E-textiles         220
        • 4.4.3.9.1               Batteries              221
        • 4.4.3.9.2               Supercapacitors 222
        • 4.4.3.9.3               Energy harvesting            223
    • 4.4.4      GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     226
  • 4.5          ENERGY STORAGE AND HARVESTING      229
    • 4.5.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS  229
    • 4.5.2      CURRENT STATE OF THE ART       230
      • 4.5.2.1   Products              230
      • 4.5.2.2   Nanomaterials  231
    • 4.5.3      APPLICATIONS  232
      • 4.5.3.1   Flexible and stretchable batteries in electronics  232
        • 4.5.3.1.1               Flexible and stretchable LIBs       233
        • 4.5.3.1.2               Flexible Zn-based batteries (ZIBs)             238
      • 4.5.3.2   Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               239
        • 4.5.3.2.1               Materials             240
      • 4.5.3.3   3D Printed batteries       242
      • 4.5.3.4   Stretchable heaters        242
      • 4.5.3.5   Flexible and stretchable solar cells            243
      • 4.5.3.6   Stretchable nanogenerators       244
        • 4.5.3.6.1               TENGs   245
        • 4.5.3.6.2               PENGs  245
      • 4.5.3.7   Photovoltaic solar textiles            245
    • 4.5.4      GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     247

 

5              COMPANY PROFILES       250

 

6              REFERENCES       328

 

Tables

  • Table 1: Market drivers for conductive inks.         24
  • Table 2. Types of wearable devices and applications.        27
  • Table 3. Wearable market leaders by market segment.   28
  • Table 4. Advanced materials for Printed, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages.  33
  • Table 5. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).       34
  • Table 6. Foldable smartphones and tablets, on or near market.   35
  • Table 7. Global market for conductive inks 2017-2027, revenues (million $), by ink types, conservative estimate. 43
  • Table 8: Typical conductive ink formulation.         45
  • Table 9. Comparative properties of conductive inks.         46
  • Table 10: Applications in conductive inks by type and benefits thereof.   47
  • Table 11:  Characteristics of analog printing processes for conductive inks.             49
  • Table 12: Characteristics of digital printing processes for conductive inks.               50
  • Table 13: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 56
  • Table 14. Applications of carbon nanotubes in conductive ink.     59
  • Table 15. Carbon nanotubes pricing (MWCNTS, SWCNT etc.) by producer.              60
  • Table 16: Carbon nanotube conductive ink producers.     62
  • Table 17: Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.       65
  • Table 18: Properties of graphene.             67
  • Table 19. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.          68
  • Table 20. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.           69
  • Table 21: Types of graphene and typical prices.   73
  • Table 22: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   75
  • Table 23: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           76
  • Table 24: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   77
  • Table 25: Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        78
  • Table 26: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  80
  • Table 27: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         80
  • Table 28: Graphene ink pricing by producer.        81
  • Table 29: Graphene conductive ink producers.    82
  • Table 30: Nanocellulose properties.         91
  • Table 31: Properties and applications of nanocellulose    91
  • Table 32: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper). 92
  • Table 33. Market drivers for Printed, flexible and stretchable displays and electronic components.             96
  • Table 34. Printed, flexible and stretchable displays products.        96
  • Table 35. Applications in flexible and stretchable circuit boards, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                98
  • Table 36. Foldable display products and prototypes.        103
  • Table 37. Companies developing transparent display products.   106
  • Table 38. Companies developing curved automotive displays.      106
  • Table 39. Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable electronics for wearables and IoT.   111
  • Table 40. Main smart watch producers and products.      115
  • Table 41. Wearable sensors for sports performance.        117
  • Table 42. Wearable sensor products for monitoring sport performance.  118
  • Table 43. Wearable sleep tracker products.          121
  • Table 44. Smart glasses companies and products.              122
  • Table 45.Wearable electronics applications in the military.            126
  • Table 46. Applications in printed, flexible and stretchable electronics, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.               128
  • Table 47. Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by product type, billions $. 133
  • Table 48. Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.        135
  • Table 49. Examples of wearable medical device products.              139
  • Table 50. Medical wearable companies applying products to COVID-19 monitoring and analysis.  141
  • Table 51. Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                150
  • Table 52. Wearable bio-signal monitoring devices.            152
  • Table 53. Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection-advantages and disadvantages.                154
  • Table 54. Commercial devices for non-invasive glucose monitoring not released or withdrawn from market.          156
  • Table 55. Minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose monitoring products.         158
  • Table 56. Companies developing wearable swear sensors.             171
  • Table 57. Wearable drug delivery companies and products.          173
  • Table 58. Companies and products, cosmetics and drug delivery patches.               175
  • Table 59.Companies and products in smart footwear.     176
  • Table 60.Companies and products in smart contact lenses.           177
  • Table 61. Companies and products in smart wound care.                179
  • Table 62. Companies developing wearable exoskeletons.               180
  • Table 63. Companies and products in hearables. 182
  • Table 64. Global medical and healthcare wearables market, 2017-2027, billions $, by product.      185
  • Table 65. Market drivers for printed, flexible, stretchable and organic electronic textiles. 187
  • Table 66. Types of smart textiles.              189
  • Table 67. Examples of smart textile products.      190
  • Table 68. Types of smart textiles.              191
  • Table 69. Examples of smart textile products.      191
  • Table 70. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.        195
  • Table 71. Typical conductive ink formulation.      197
  • Table 72. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       198
  • Table 73. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           199
  • Table 74. Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       201
  • Table 75. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.  204
  • Table 76. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 207
  • Table 77. Applications and markets for e-textiles.              211
  • Table 78. Commercially available smart clothing products.             211
  • Table 79. Electronic textiles products.     212
  • Table 80. Heated jacket products.             214
  • Table 81. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.               214
  • Table 82.Companies and products in smart footwear.     217
  • Table 83.Wearable electronics applications in the military.            219
  • Table 84. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance.  221
  • Table 85. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).             226
  • Table 86. Market drivers and trends for Printed, flexible and stretchable electronic energy storage and harvesting.                229
  • Table 87. Wearable energy storage and energy harvesting products.        230
  • Table 88. Nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.       231
  • Table 89. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                240
  • Table 90. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.               242
  • Table 91. Global thin film, flexible and printed batteries market 2017-2027, revenues (millions USD) by applications.                248

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Evolution of electronics.             26
  • Figure 2. Wove Band.     30
  • Figure 3. Wearable graphene medical sensor.     31
  • Figure 4. Applications timeline for organic and printed electronics.            32
  • Figure 5. Xiaomi MIX Flex.            38
  • Figure 6. Baby Monitor. 40
  • Figure 7. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.         41
  • Figure 8. Global market for conductive inks 2017-2027, revenues (million $), by ink types, conservative estimate. 43
  • Figure 9. Flexible RFID tag.           55
  • Figure 10: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube. 58
  • Figure 11: Stretchable SWNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics.               59
  • Figure 12: Nanotube inks              63
  • Figure 13: Graphene layer structure schematic.  68
  • Figure 14: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 69
  • Figure 15. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.   72
  • Figure 16: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        75
  • Figure 17: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 82
  • Figure 18: Printed graphene conductive ink.         83
  • Figure 19: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.  83
  • Figure 20: Silver nanocomposite ink after sintering and resin bonding of discrete electronic components. 85
  • Figure 21: Flexible silver nanowire wearable mesh.           87
  • Figure 22. Applications of silver nanowire conductive films.           88
  • Figure 23: Copper based inks on flexible substrate.           89
  • Figure 24:  Cellulose nanofiber films.       93
  • Figure 25: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper.           93
  • Figure 26: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF.  94
  • Figure 27. Thin film transistor incorporating SWCNTs.      98
  • Figure 28: Stretchable material for formed an in-molded electronics.        99
  • Figure 29: Wearable patch with a skin-compatible, pressure-sensitive adhesive.  99
  • Figure 30. LG Signature OLED TV R.           100
  • Figure 31. Flexible display.           101
  • Figure 32. AMOLED schematic.   102
  • Figure 33. Mirage smart speaker with wraparound touch display.               103
  • Figure 34. Rollable display producers and products.          104
  • Figure 35. LG Display transparent OLED touch display.     105
  • Figure 36. Transparent display in subway carriage window.           105
  • Figure 37. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.              107
  • Figure 38. LG OLED flexible lighting panel.             108
  • Figure 39. Flexible OLED incorporated into automotive headlight.              108
  • Figure 40. Global flexible, foldable and rollable OLED revenues, 2017-2030 (billion $).       109
  • Figure 41. Global foldable displays revenues by application, 2018-2030 (millions $).           110
  • Figure 42. Applications of wearable flexible sensors worn on various body parts. 115
  • Figure 43. Wearable bio-fluid monitoring system for monitoring of hydration.      117
  • Figure 44. Beddr SleepTuner.     120
  • Figure 45. Vuzix Blade.   122
  • Figure 46. NReal Light MR smart glasses.               122
  • Figure 47. Wearable gas sensor. 127
  • Figure 48.Stretchable transistor.                128
  • Figure 49. Artificial skin prototype for gesture recognition.            130
  • Figure 50. Global market for wearables, 2015-2027, by product type, billions US$.              132
  • Figure 51. Global market for hearables, 2017-2027, by product type, billions $.    134
  • Figure 52. Global market for wearables, 2015-2027, by market share of product type        134
  • Figure 53.Connected human body and product examples.             138
  • Figure 54. Companies and products in wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation devices and products.           143
  • Figure 55. Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs.  149
  • Figure 56.Graphene medical patch.          150
  • Figure 57. Graphene-based E-skin patch.               150
  • Figure 58. Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection.           153
  • Figure 59. Schematic of non-invasive CGM sensor.            157
  • Figure 60. Adhesive wearable CGM sensor.          158
  • Figure 61. VitalPatch.     162
  • Figure 62. Wearable ECG-textile.              162
  • Figure 63. Wearable ECG recorder.           163
  • Figure 64. Nexkin™.        164
  • Figure 65. Bloomlife.      166
  • Figure 66. Enfucell wearable temperature tag.    167
  • Figure 67. TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer.   168
  • Figure 68. Nanowire skin hydration patch.             168
  • Figure 69. NIX sensors.  169
  • Figure 70. Wearable sweat sensor.           169
  • Figure 71. Wearable sweat sensor.           170
  • Figure 72. Gatorade's GX Sweat Patch.   171
  • Figure 73. Sweat sensor incorporated into face mask.      171
  • Figure 74. Lab-on-Skin™.              172
  • Figure 75. D-mine Pump.              172
  • Figure 76.My UV Patch. 174
  • Figure 77. Overview layers of L'Oreal skin patch. 175
  • Figure 78. Digitsole Smartshoe. 176
  • Figure 79. Schematic of smart wound dressing.  178
  • Figure 80. REPAIR electronic patch concept. Image courtesy of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.    179
  • Figure 81. Honda Walking Assist.               180
  • Figure 82. Nuheara IQbuds² Max.             182
  • Figure 83. Global medical and healthcare wearables market, 2017-2027, billions $, by product.    184
  • Figure 84. Global market for medical and healthcare sensors and wearables, 2015-2027, by market share of product type.     186
  • Figure 85. Conductive yarns.       192
  • Figure 86. Conductive yarns.       193
  • Figure 87. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating.   194
  • Figure 88. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.              205
  • Figure 89. PCM cooling vest.       211
  • Figure 90. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat.  216
  • Figure 91. iStimUweaR . 216
  • Figure 92. Digitsole Smartshoe. 217
  • Figure 93. Wearable gas sensor. 220
  • Figure 94. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.              220
  • Figure 95. Micro-scale energy scavenging techniques.     223
  • Figure 96. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.     224
  • Figure 97 . 3D print piezoelectric material.            225
  • Figure 98. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).           227
  • Figure 99. Global market for electronic textiles and smart clothing, 2017-2027, by market share of product type. 228
  • Figure 100. Flexible batteries on the market.       231
  • Figure 101. Printed 1.5V battery.              232
  • Figure 102. Materials and design structures in flexible lithium ion batteries.          233
  • Figure 103. LiBEST flexible battery.           234
  • Figure 104. Schematic of the structure of stretchable LIBs.             234
  • Figure 105. Electrochemical performance of materials in flexible LIBs.      234
  • Figure 106. Carbon nanotubes incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries.     237
  • Figure 107. (A) Schematic overview of a flexible supercapacitor as compared to conventional supercapacitor.        240
  • Figure 108. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor.             242
  • Figure 109. Origami-like silicon solar cells.             244
  • Figure 110. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.               246
  • Figure 111. Global market for electronics and smart textiles, 2017-2027, by market share of product type.              248
  • Figure 112. Global thin film, flexible and printed batteries market 2017-2027, revenues (millions USD) by applications.                249
  • Figure 113. Printed graphene biosensors.             255
  • Figure 114. Fuji carbon nanotube products.         273
  • Figure 115. Nanotech Energy battery.     302
  • Figure 116. Touchcode technology.          315
  • Figure 117. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.  316

 

 

The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030
The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030
PDF download.

The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030
The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030
Print edition (including tracked delivery).

The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030
The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2030
PDF and print edition (including tracked delivery).

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