The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing

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Published September 23 2020. 145 pages, 35 Figures, 30 Tables

Traditional textiles simply function as a covering material. Based on the rapidly changing global demands and due to advanced technological improvements, the development of integrated electronics and responsive functionality on textiles has led to the emergence of E-textiles and smart textiles accommodating the revolution we are witnessing in wearable electronics. The development of high value-added products such as smart fabrics and clothing, wearable consumer and medical devices and protective textiles has increased rapidly in the last decade. Recent advances in stimuli-responsive surfaces and interfaces, sensors and actuators, flexible electronics, nanocoatings and conductive nanomaterials has led to the development of a new generation of smart and adaptive electronic fibers, yarns and fabrics for application in E-textiles.

Advances in the ability to free-form print circuit processes enables electronic systems to be assembled directly onto textile items. This type of technology, “E-textiles,” will compete with existing wearable devices that have dominated the market (smartwatches and fitness trackers), as a more discrete alternative to health and physiological monitoring. Electronic textiles incorporate interdisciplinary studies such as textiles, nano/micro technologies, computing systems, and communications and information technologies.

Smart textiles, also known as intelligent textiles, smart wear and smart clothing, can be described as materials which can sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli according to thermal, mechanical, electrical, magnetic, or other bases. They can be divided into two major categories i) active, and ii) passive smart textiles. Passive smart textiles can change their situation according to environmental stimuli while active smart textiles are equipped with sensors and actuators that can detect several signals from the environment and then give a meaningful response.

Report contents include: 

  • Market drivers and trends in electronic textiles (E-textiles) and smart clothing. 
  • Materials and components analysis.
  • Applications and markets including smart clothing products, heated clothing, sports and fitness, smart footwear, military, medical and healthcare, workplace monitoring, wearable advertising and power sources for E-textiles. 
  • Global market size by market, forecast to 2027.
  • 79 company profiles including BioSerenity SAS, Clim8, Chronolife, Conductive Transfers, Descente Ltd., Devan Chemicals and more. 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   11

  • 1.1          The evolution of electronics        12
  • 1.1.1      The wearables revolution             13
  • 1.1.2      Wearable market leaders             15
  • 1.1.3      Flexible, stretchable, thin, and large-area form factors     16
  • 1.1.4      Evolution of E-Textiles   17
  • 1.1.5      From rigid to flexible and stretchable      19
  • 1.1.6      Organic and printed electronics 20
  • 1.1.7      New conductive materials            21
  • 1.1.8      Future growth   24
  • 1.1.9      Nanotechnology as a market driver for E-textiles and smart textiles          24
  • 1.1.10    Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics       28
  • 1.1.11    Thermal management (heated clothing) 29
  • 1.1.12    Growth in the market for anti-microbial textiles 30
  • 1.1.13    Need to improve the properties of cloth or fabric materials           30

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         30

 

3              THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES) AND SMART CLOTHING      31

  • 3.1          MARKET DRIVERS             32
  • 3.2          MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS 34
    • 3.2.1      Conductive and stretchable yarns             36
    • 3.2.2      Conductive polymers     37
      • 3.2.2.1   PDMS    38
      • 3.2.2.2   PEDOT: PSS         39
    • 3.2.3      Conductive coatings        40
    • 3.2.4      Conductive inks 41
    • 3.2.5      Nanomaterials  43
      • 3.2.5.1   Nanocoatings in smart textiles   45
      • 3.2.5.2   Graphene           47
      • 3.2.5.3   Nanofibers         49
      • 3.2.5.4   Carbon nanotubes           51
        • 3.2.5.4.1               E-textiles             52
        • 3.2.5.4.2               Anti-static textiles           53
        • 3.2.5.4.3               Flame retardant coatings              54
      • 3.2.5.5              Phase change materials 54
        • 3.2.5.5.1   Temperature controlled fabrics  55
  • 3.3          APPLICATIONS, MARKETS AND PRODUCTS            57
    • 3.3.1      Smart clothing products 57
    • 3.3.2      Temperature monitoring and regulation 59
    • 3.3.3      Stretchable E-fabrics       61
    • 3.3.4      Sport & fitness  62
    • 3.3.5      Smart footwear 63
    • 3.3.6      Military/Defence             64
    • 3.3.7      Medical and healthcare 65
      • 3.3.7.1   Biometric monitoring     66
      • 3.3.7.2   ECG sensors       67
    • 3.3.8      Industrial and workplace monitoring       69
    • 3.3.9      Flexible and wearable display advertising              70
    • 3.3.10    Powering E-textiles         70
      • 3.3.10.1                Batteries              71
      • 3.3.10.2                Supercapactitors              72
      • 3.3.10.3                Energy harvesting            72
        • 3.3.10.3.1             Photovoltaic solar textiles            73
        • 3.3.10.3.2             Energy harvesting nanogenerators           74
          • 3.3.10.3.2.1         TENGs   74
          • 3.3.10.3.2.2         PENGs  75
        • 3.3.10.3.3             Radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting 75
  • 3.4          GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     76
  • 3.5          MARKET CHALLENGES    78

 

4              COMPANY PROFILES       80 (79 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

5              REFERENCES       137

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Types of wearable devices and applications.        14
  • Table 2. Wearable market leaders by market segment.   15
  • Table 3. Examples of smart clothing products, by generation.       17
  • Table 4. Timeline of different generations of smart textiles.          18
  • Table 5. Advanced materials for Printed, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages.  21
  • Table 6. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).       22
  • Table 8. Applications in textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.       24
  • Table 9. Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials.     26
  • Table 10. Heated jacket products.             28
  • Table 11. Market drivers for electronic textiles and smart clothing.            31
  • Table 12. Types of smart textiles.              34
  • Table 13. Examples of smart textile products.      34
  • Table 14. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.        38
  • Table 15. Typical conductive ink formulation.      40
  • Table 16. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       41
  • Table 17. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           43
  • Table 18. Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       44
  • Table 19. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.  47
  • Table 20. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 50
  • Table 21. Applications and markets for e-textiles.              56
  • Table 22. Commercially available smart clothing products.             56
  • Table 23. Electronic textiles products.     57
  • Table 24. Heated jacket products.             58
  • Table 25. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.               59
  • Table 26. Companies and products in smart footwear.    62
  • Table 27.Wearable electronics applications in the military.            64
  • Table 28. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance.  70
  • Table 29. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).             75
  • Table 30. Market challenges in electronic textiles and smart clothing.       77

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Evolution of electronics.             13
  • Figure 2. Timeline of different generations of E-textiles. 16
  • Figure 3. Wove Band.     18
  • Figure 4. Wearable graphene medical sensor.     19
  • Figure 5. Applications timeline for organic and printed electronics.            20
  • Figure 7. Baby Monitor. 27
  • Figure 8. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.         28
  • Figure 9. Conductive yarns.          36
  • Figure 10. Conductive yarns.       36
  • Figure 11. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating.   37
  • Figure 12. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.              49
  • Figure 13. Anti-static textile product incorporating SWCNTs.         53
  • Figure 14. Formation of a protective CNT-based char layer during combustion of a CNT-modified coating. 53
  • Figure 15. PCM cooling vest.       55
  • Figure 16. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat.  61
  • Figure 17. iStimUweaR . 61
  • Figure 18. Digitsole Smartshoe. 62
  • Figure 19. Wearable medical technology.              65
  • Figure 20. VitalPatch.     66
  • Figure 21. Wearable ECG-textile.              66
  • Figure 22. Wearable ECG recorder.           67
  • Figure 23. Nexkin™.        68
  • Figure 24. Wearable gas sensor. 69
  • Figure 25. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.              69
  • Figure 26. Micro-scale energy scavenging techniques.     72
  • Figure 27. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.     73
  • Figure 28 . 3D print piezoelectric material.            73
  • Figure 29. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).           76
  • Figure 30. Global market for electronic textiles and smart clothing, 2017-2027, by market share of product type. 77
  • Figure 31. PowerWalk®. 85
  • Figure 32. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.              92
  • Figure 33. Descante Solar Thermo insulated jacket.           93
  • Figure 34. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.      95
  • Figure 35. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.          131

 

The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
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The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
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The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
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