The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing

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Published November 10 2020. 190 pages, 46 Figures, 33 Tables

Traditional textiles simply function as a covering material. Based on the rapidly changing global demands and due to advanced technological improvements, the development of integrated electronics and responsive functionality on textiles has led to the emergence of E-textiles and smart textiles accommodating the revolution we are witnessing in wearable electronics. The development of high value-added products such as smart fabrics and clothing, wearable consumer and medical devices and protective textiles has increased rapidly in the last decade. Recent advances in stimuli-responsive surfaces and interfaces, sensors and actuators, flexible electronics, nanocoatings and conductive nanomaterials has led to the development of a new generation of smart and adaptive electronic fibers, yarns and fabrics for application in E-textiles.

Advances in the ability to free-form print circuit processes enables electronic systems to be assembled directly onto textile items. This type of technology, “E-textiles,” will compete with existing wearable devices that have dominated the market (smartwatches and fitness trackers), as a more discrete alternative to health and physiological monitoring. Electronic textiles incorporate interdisciplinary studies such as textiles, nano/micro technologies, computing systems, and communications and information technologies.

Smart textiles, also known as intelligent textiles, smart wear and smart clothing, can be described as materials which can sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli according to thermal, mechanical, electrical, magnetic, or other bases. They can be divided into two major categories i) active, and ii) passive smart textiles. Passive smart textiles can change their situation according to environmental stimuli while active smart textiles are equipped with sensors and actuators that can detect several signals from the environment and then give a meaningful response.

Report contents include: 

  • Market drivers and trends in electronic textiles (E-textiles) and smart clothing. 
  • Materials and components analysis.
  • Applications and markets including smart clothing products, heated clothing, sports and fitness, smart footwear, military, medical and healthcare, workplace monitoring, wearable advertising and power sources for E-textiles. 
  • Global market size by market, forecast to 2027.
  • 112 company profiles including BioSerenity SAS, Clim8, Chronolife, Conductive Transfers, Descente Ltd., Devan Chemicals and more. 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   14

  • 1.1          The evolution of electronics        15
    • 1.1.1      The wearables revolution             16
    • 1.1.2      Wearable market leaders             18
    • 1.1.3      Flexible and stretchable electronics         18
    • 1.1.4      New conductive materials            21
    • 1.1.5      Heated clothing 24
    • 1.1.6      Remote health monitoring and diagnostics           24
  • 1.2          Growth prospects for electronic textiles 26

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         28

 

3              THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES) AND SMART TEXTILES          29

 

4              MARKET DRIVERS             29

 

5              MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS 33

  • 5.1          Conductive and stretchable yarns             33
  • 5.2          Conductive polymers     35
    • 5.2.1      PDMS    36
    • 5.2.2      PEDOT: PSS         36
  • 5.3          Conductive coatings        38
  • 5.4          Conductive inks 38
  • 5.5          Nanomaterials  41
    • 5.5.1      Nanocoatings in smart textiles   43
    • 5.5.2      Graphene           45
    • 5.5.3      Nanofibers         47
    • 5.5.4      Carbon nanotubes           49
  • 5.6          Phase change materials 51
    • 5.6.1      Temperature controlled fabrics  52

 

6              APPLICATIONS, MARKETS AND PRODUCTS            53

  • 6.1          Smart clothing products 53
  • 6.2          Temperature monitoring and regulation 55
    • 6.2.1      Heated clothing 56
  • 6.3          Stretchable E-fabrics       59
  • 6.4          Therapeutic products     60
  • 6.5          Sport & fitness  60
  • 6.6          Smart footwear 61
  • 6.7          Military/Defence             63
  • 6.8          Medical and healthcare 64
    • 6.8.1      Wearable health monitoring       65
      • 6.8.1.1   Companies and products              69
    • 6.8.2      Monitoring solutions to track COVID-19 symptoms           75
    • 6.8.3      Temperature and respiratory rate monitoring     75
    • 6.8.4      Pregnancy and newborn monitoring        75
    • 6.8.5      Biometric monitoring     77
    • 6.8.6      ECG sensors       77
    • 6.8.7      Smart wound care           79
  • 6.9          Industrial and workplace monitoring       82
  • 6.10        Flexible and wearable display advertising              83
  • 6.11        Textile-based lighting     83
    • 6.11.1    OLEDs   83
  • 6.12        Antimicrobial textiles     84
    • 6.12.1    Nanosilver          84
    • 6.12.2    Zinc oxide           85
    • 6.12.3    Chitosan              87
  • 6.13        Smart diapers    88
  • 6.14        Protective clothing          89
  • 6.15        Automotive interiors      94
  • 6.16        Powering E-textiles         95
    • 6.16.1    Batteries              95
    • 6.16.2    Supercapacitors 97
    • 6.16.3    Energy harvesting            97
      • 6.16.3.1                Photovoltaic solar textiles            97
      • 6.16.3.2                Energy harvesting nanogenerators           99
        • 6.16.3.2.1             TENGs   99
        • 6.16.3.2.2             PENGs  100
      • 6.16.3.3                Radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting 100

 

7              GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     101

 

8              MARKET CHALLENGES    103

 

9              ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES) AND SMART CLOTHING COMPANY PROFILES 105

 

10           REFERENCES       178

 

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Types of wearable devices and applications.        17
  • Table 2. Wearable market leaders by market segment.   18
  • Table 3. Advanced materials for Electronic textiles-Advantages and disadvantages.            21
  • Table 4. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).       22
  • Table 5. Example heated jacket products.              24
  • Table 6. Market drivers for printed, flexible, stretchable and organic electronic textiles.   29
  • Table 7. Types of smart textiles. 31
  • Table 8. Examples of smart textile products.        32
  • Table 9. Types of smart textiles. 33
  • Table 10. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.        37
  • Table 11. Typical conductive ink formulation.      38
  • Table 12. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       39
  • Table 13. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           41
  • Table 14. Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       43
  • Table 15. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.  45
  • Table 16. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 49
  • Table 17. Applications and markets for e-textiles.              53
  • Table 18. Commercially available smart clothing products.             53
  • Table 19. Electronic textiles products.     54
  • Table 20. Heated jacket and clothing products.   57
  • Table 21. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.               58
  • Table 22.Companies and products in smart footwear.     62
  • Table 23.Wearable electronics applications in the military.            63
  • Table 24. Examples of wearable medical device products.              66
  • Table 25. Medical wearable companies applying products to COVID-19 monitoring and analysis.  75
  • Table 26. Companies and products in smart wound care.                81
  • Table 27. Antibacterial effects of ZnO NPs in different bacterial species.  86
  • Table 28. Companies developing smart diaper products. 88
  • Table 29: Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           90
  • Table 30: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       91
  • Table 31. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance.  96
  • Table 32. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).             101
  • Table 33. Market challenges in E-textiles.              104

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Evolution of electronics.             16
  • Figure 2. Wove Band.     20
  • Figure 3. Wearable graphene medical sensor.     21
  • Figure 4. Baby Monitor. 25
  • Figure 5. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.         26
  • Figure 6. Conductive yarns.          34
  • Figure 7. Conductive yarns.          34
  • Figure 8. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating.      36
  • Figure 9. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel. 47
  • Figure 10. PCM cooling vest.       52
  • Figure 11. EXO2 Stormwalker 2 Heated Jacket.    56
  • Figure 12. Flexible polymer-based heated glove, sock and slipper.              57
  • Figure 13. ThermaCell Rechargeable Heated Insoles.        57
  • Figure 14. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat.  60
  • Figure 15. Flexible polymer-based therapeutic products. 60
  • Figure 16. iStimUweaR . 61
  • Figure 17. Digitsole Smartshoe. 62
  • Figure 18. Wearable medical technology.              65
  • Figure 19.Connected human body and product examples.             66
  • Figure 20. Companies and products in wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation devices and products.           69
  • Figure 21. Bloomlife.      77
  • Figure 22. VitalPatch.     77
  • Figure 23. Wearable ECG-textile.              78
  • Figure 24. Wearable ECG recorder.           79
  • Figure 25. Nexkin™.        79
  • Figure 26. Schematic of smart wound dressing.  80
  • Figure 27. REPAIR electronic patch concept. Image courtesy of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.    81
  • Figure 28. Wearable gas sensor. 82
  • Figure 29. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.              83
  • Figure 30: Anti-bacterial sol-gel nanoparticle silver coating.           85
  • Figure 31. Schematic of antibacterial activity of ZnO NPs.               86
  • Figure 32/ ABENA Nova smart diaper.     88
  • Figure 33: Omniphobic-coated fabric.     90
  • Figure 34. Textile-based car seat heaters.              95
  • Figure 35. Micro-scale energy scavenging techniques.     97
  • Figure 36. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.     98
  • Figure 37 . 3D print piezoelectric material.            99
  • Figure 38. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).           102
  • Figure 39. Global market for electronic textiles and smart clothing, 2017-2027, by market share of product type. 103
  • Figure 40. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.              119
  • Figure 41. Descante Solar Thermo insulated jacket.           120
  • Figure 42. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.      121
  • Figure 43. HiFlex strain/pressure sensor.               128
  • Figure 44. Electroskin integration schematic.       148
  • Figure 45. Smardii smart diaper. 162
  • Figure 46. Teslasuit.        167

 

 

The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
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The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
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The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing
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