The Global Market for Hydrophobic, Superhydrophobic, Oleophobic and Omniphobic Coatings

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There has been increased research and commercial activity in hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings that demonstrate the ability to shed fluids quickly off of surfaces. Superhydrophobic sprays applied by the consumer are available in a number of markets including textiles and architectural coatings. The market also expanded over the few years in markets such as automotive, packaging, aerospace and especially electronics (for waterproofing).

They are characterized by very high water and oil contact angles and are applied to a wide variety of surfaces and substrates, imparting anti-fingerprint, anti-soil, anti-fouling, self-cleaning, anti-icing, anti-microbial, easy-to-clean and anti-corrosion properties. Other properties that have been incorporated include transparency and colour, anisotropy, reversibility, flexibility and breathability (moisture vapor transfer).

Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings offer a multitude of industrial benefits including:

Consumer electronics

  • Anti-fingerprint coatings for optical surfaces such as displays and touch panels.
  • Coatings that self-clean themselves from contamination by fingerprints, greasy smudges, makeup and other natural oils that are otherwise difficult to remove and which significantly deteriorate the view and appearance.
  • Hydrophobic and olephobic precision optics.
  • Encapsulation of moisture- and oxygen-sensitive electronics, such as OLED (organic light emitting device) lighting and displays, quantum dot films, photovoltaics, and flexible electronics.
  • Printed circuit board and semiconductor/semiconductor packaging.

Interior surfaces

  • Anti-smudge and non-stick stainless steel components.
  • Coatings for household appliances and surfaces to prevent mould, fight bacteria and hide fingerprints.

Buildings

  • Dirt resistant and anti-soiling (glass, ceramics, metal) coatings.
  • Waterproof coatings for wood, stone, concrete and lacquer.
  • Protection against graffiti.

Consumer products

  • Anti-smudge coatings for eyeglasses.

Textiles

  • Waterproof textiles and leather.
  • Stain resistant fabrics.

Medical and healthcare

  • Biocidal hydrophobic coatings.
  • Anti-microbial coatings for use in hospitals where the potential spread of bacterial infections creates a hazard.

Aerospace

  • Ice adhesion barriers.
  • Window panels in aircraft.

Automotive and transportation

  • Anti-fogging and self-cleaning glass.
  • Anti-stain and self-cleaning textiles in public transport.
  • Easy-to-clean and self- cleaning treatments for vehicle windscreens, headlights and wheel rims.

Marine

  • Anti-icing coatings on ship structures.
  • Bio-fouling prevention through super repellent, slippery surfaces.

Plastics

  • Plastic with superior properties – weather resistant and hydrophobic.

This report covers:

  • Market segmentation.
  • Existing and new technology solutions.
  • Market drivers and trends.
  • Applications by market.
  • Global revenues, historical and forecasted to 2030.
  • Key players (Over 150 company profiles).

Published January 2019 | 220 pages | Table of contents

THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS-PDF
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1        EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17

  • 1.1     Advanced coatings and nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………….. 17
  • 1.2     Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, olephobic and omniphobic coatings………………………………………………. 18
  • 1.3     Markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19
  • 1.4     Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 20
  • 1.5     Global market size and opportunity for HSHOOO coatings……………………………………………………………. 24
    • 1.5.1       Regional demand for HSHOOO coatings…………………………………………………………………………… 26
  • 1.6     Market and technical challenges……………………………………………………………………………………………… 26

2        INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29

  • 2.1     Nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29
    • 2.1.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
    • 2.1.2       Benefits of using nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
    • 2.1.3       Types………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30
    • 2.1.4       Main production and synthesis methods……………………………………………………………………………. 31
  • 2.2     Hydrophobic coatings and surfaces………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
    • 2.2.1       Hydrophilic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
    • 2.2.2       Hydrophobic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
    • 2.2.3       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
  • 2.3     Superhydrophobic coatings and surfaces…………………………………………………………………………………… 41
    • 2.3.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
    • 2.3.2       Durability issues………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • 2.3.3       Nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
  • 2.4     Oleophobic and omniphobic coatings and surfaces……………………………………………………………………… 43
    • 2.4.1       SLIPS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
    • 2.4.2       Covalent bonding…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 44
    • 2.4.3       Step-growth graft polymerization……………………………………………………………………………………… 44
    • 2.4.4       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 44

3        HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS MARKET STRUCTURE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46

4        ANTI-FINGERPRINT HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS         48

5        ANTI-MICROBIAL HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS 50

6        ANTI-CORROSION HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS         53

7        SELF-CLEANING HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS 57

8        ANTI-ICING HYDROPHOBIC, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, OLEPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS……. 59

9        MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY END USER MARKET…………………………………………………………….. 62

  • 9.1     ELECTRONICS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 62
    • 9.1.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62
    • 9.1.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 64
      • 9.1.2.1    Waterproof electronics coatings………………………………………………………………………………….. 65
    • 9.1.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………… 66
    • 9.1.4       Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
  • 9.2     AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
    • 9.2.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 9.2.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
      • 9.2.2.1    Icing prevention………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72
      • 9.2.2.2    Hydrophobic and superhydrophobic corrosion resistance………………………………………………….. 73
      • 9.2.2.3    Insect contamination………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73
    • 9.2.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73
    • 9.2.4       Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 75
  • 9.3     AUTOMOTIVE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
    • 9.3.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78
    • 9.3.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79
    • 9.3.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
    • 9.3.4       Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 83
  • 9.4     MEDICAL & HEALTHCARE……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
    • 9.4.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
    • 9.4.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87
      • 9.4.2.1    Anti-fouling…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 88
      • 9.4.2.2    Anti-microbial and infection control………………………………………………………………………………. 88
      • 9.4.2.3    Medical device coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 88
    • 9.4.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………… 89
    • 9.4.4       Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 91
  • 9.5     TEXTILES AND APPAREL…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 94
    • 9.5.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94
    • 9.5.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 95
    • 9.5.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………… 98
    • 9.5.4       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 101
  • 9.6     HOUSEHOLD CARE, HYGIENE AND SANITARY……………………………………………………………………… 104
    • 9.6.1       Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 104
    • 9.6.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 104
      • 9.6.2.1    Self-cleaning and easy-to-clean………………………………………………………………………………… 104
      • 9.6.2.2    Food preparation and processing………………………………………………………………………………. 104
      • 9.6.2.3    Indoor pollutants and air quality…………………………………………………………………………………. 104
    • 9.6.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………. 106
    • 9.6.4       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
  • 9.7     MARINE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 110
    • 9.7.1       Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 110
    • 9.7.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 111
    • 9.7.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………. 112
    • 9.7.4       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 113
  • 9.8     EXTERIOR COATINGS……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 115
    • 9.8.1       Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 115
    • 9.8.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 115
      • 9.8.2.1    Protective coatings for glass, concrete and other construction materials…………………………….. 117
      • 9.8.2.2    Anti-graffiti……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 117
      • 9.8.2.3    Self-cleaning constuction materials…………………………………………………………………………….. 117
    • 9.8.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………. 118
    • 9.8.4       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119
  • 9.9     ENERGY (WIND TURBINES AND SOLAR CELL PROTECTION)…………………………………………………. 122
    • 9.9.1       Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 122
    • 9.9.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 124
      • 9.9.2.1    Wind energy…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 124
      • 9.9.2.2    Solar…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 124
    • 9.9.3       Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………. 124
    • 9.9.4       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 126
  • 9.10        OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION…………………………………………………………………………………………. 127
    • 9.10.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 127
    • 9.10.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130
    • 9.10.3     Global market revenues………………………………………………………………………………………………. 131
    • 9.10.4     Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 133

10      COMPANY PROFILES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 135 (150 COMPANY PROFILES)

11      REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 217

TABLES

  • Table 1: Properties of nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17
  • Table 2: Markets and hydrophobic, superhydrophobic and oleophobic coatings types……………………………………… 19
  • Table 3: Markets for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic and oleophobic coatings……………………………………………….. 24
  • Table 4: Disadvantages of commonly utilized superhydrophobic coating methods…………………………………………… 27
  • Table 5: Technology for synthesizing nanocoatings agents………………………………………………………………………… 30
  • Table 6: Film coating techniques………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 31
  • Table 7: Contact angles of hydrophilic, super hydrophilic, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces……………….. 40
  • Table 8: Applications of oleophobic & omniphobic coatings………………………………………………………………………… 43
  • Table 9: HSHOOO coatings market structure………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
  • Table 10: Anti-fingerprint hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings-Materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
  • Table 11: Anti-microbial hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings-Materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49
  • Table 12: (A) illustrates biocidal nanocoating resistance to bacteria. (B) illustrates biocidal nanocoating resistance to fungus……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51
  • Table 13: Anti-corrosion hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic nanocoatings-Materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 52
  • Table 14: Self-cleaning hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic nanocoatings-Materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
  • Table 15: Anti-icing hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic nanocoatings-Materials used, principles, properties, applications………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58
  • Table 16: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 61
  • Table 17: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in consumer electronics industry…. 63
  • Table 18: Main hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic product developers in waterproofing electronics and coatings techniques……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 64
  • Table 19: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in electronics, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
  • Table 20: Consumer electronics hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings product developers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 66
  • Table 21: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the aircraft and aerospace market……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 69
  • Table 22: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in aerospace………………………….. 71
  • Table 23: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the aerospace industry, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………. 73
  • Table 24: Aerospace hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings product developers……. 74
  • Table 25: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the automotive market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77
  • Table 26: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings applied in the automotive industry.. 79
  • Table 27: Revenues for Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic in the automotive industry, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimate……………………………………………………………………………….. 81
  • Table 28: Automotive Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic product developers………………. 82
  • Table 29: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in medical and healthcare markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 85
  • Table 30: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings applied in the medical industry-…… 86
  • Table 31: Types of advanced coatings applied in medical devices and implants……………………………………………… 87
  • Table 32: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in medical and healthcare, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………. 88
  • Table 33: Medical and healthcare hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings product developers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 90
  • Table 34: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in textile and apparel markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
  • Table 35: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings applied in the textiles industry…….. 94
  • Table 36: Revenues for nanocoatings in textiles and apparel, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates. 97
  • Table 37: Textiles nanocoatings product developers……………………………………………………………………………….. 100
  • Table 38: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in household care, hygiene and sanitary markets………………………………………………………………………………… 103
  • Table 39: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in household care, sanitary and hygience, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………. 105
  • Table 40: Household care, sanitary and hygiene hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings product developers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 106
  • Table 41: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in marine markets…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 109
  • Table 42: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic applied in the marine industry……………….. 110
  • Table 43: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings the marine market, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………….. 111
  • Table 44: Marine nanocoatings product developers………………………………………………………………………………… 112
  • Table 45: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the exterior coatings markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 114
  • Table 46: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic nanocoatings applied in the construction industry…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 114
  • Table 47: Revenues for Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the exterior coatings market, 2010-2030, US$…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 117
  • Table 48: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings product developers in exterior coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 118
  • Table 49: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the energy market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 121
  • Table 50: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in energy, 2010-2030, US$……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 124
  • Table 51: Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings energy market product developers. 125
  • Table 52: Market drivers and trends for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the oil and gas exploration market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 126
  • Table 53: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in oil and gas exploration, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………….. 131
  • Table 54: Oil and gas hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings product developers…. 133

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Sneakers ER superhydrophobic sneakers protector…………………………………………………………………….. 18
  • Figure 2: Schematic of contact angle (CA) for a water drop placed on surfaces of different hydrophobicities…………. 19
  • Figure 3: Market drivers and trends in HSHOO coatings and surfaces………………………………………………………….. 20
  • Figure 4: Regional demand for HSHOO coatings, 2015…………………………………………………………………………….. 26
  • Figure 5: Market and technical challenges for HSHOO coatings and surfaces………………………………………………… 26
  • Figure 6: Techniques for constructing superhydrophobic coatings on substrates…………………………………………….. 33
  • Figure 7: Electrospray deposition…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
  • Figure 8: CVD technique……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
  • Figure 9: SEM images of different layers of TiO2 nanoparticles in steel surface………………………………………………. 38
  • Figure 10: (a) Water drops on a lotus leaf………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
  • Figure 11: A schematic of (a) water droplet on normal hydrophobic surface with contact angle greater than 90° and (b) water droplet on a superhydrophobic surface with a contact angle > 150°……………………………………………….. 41
  • Figure 12: Contact angle on superhydrophobic coated surface……………………………………………………………………. 42
  • Figure 13: Self-cleaning nanocellulose dishware……………………………………………………………………………………… 43
  • Figure 14: SLIPS repellent coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 44
  • Figure 15: Omniphobic coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45
  • Figure 16: Schematic of typical commercialization route for HSHOOO coatings producer…………………………………. 46
  • Figure 17: Schematic of anti-fingerprint nanocoating………………………………………………………………………………… 49
  • Figure 18: Toray anti-fingerprint film (left) and an existing lipophilic film (right)………………………………………………… 50
  • Figure 19: Nanovate CoP coating…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55
  • Figure 20:  2000 hour salt fog results for Teslan nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………. 56
  • Figure 21: AnCatt proprietary polyaniline nanodispersion and coating structure………………………………………………. 56
  • Figure 22: Schematic of anti-corrosion via superhydrophobic surface…………………………………………………………… 57
  • Figure 23: Self-cleaning superhydrophobic coating schematic…………………………………………………………………….. 59
  • Figure 24: NANOMYTE® SuperAi, a Durable Anti-ice Coating……………………………………………………………………. 61
  • Figure 25: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank………………………………………………………………… 63
  • Figure 26: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in electronics, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………… 67
  • Figure 27: Revenues for Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the aerospace industry, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………….. 75
  • Figure 28: Nissan Scratch Shield…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 79
  • Figure 29: Revenues for Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic in the automotive industry, 2010-2030, US$………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83
  • Figure 30: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in medical and healthcare, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………. 91
  • Figure 31: Omniphobic-coated fabric…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95
  • Figure 32: Revenues for nanocoatings in textiles and apparel, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 100
  • Figure 33: Nanocoatings in textiles and apparel 2015, by coatings type %…………………………………………………… 101
  • Figure 34: Revenues for nanocoatings in household care, sanitary and indoor air quality, 2010-2025, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 107
  • Figure 35: Revenues for Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic in the marine industry, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………….. 113
  • Figure 36: Revenues for Hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in the exterior coatings market, 2010-2030, US$…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119
  • Figure 37: Self-Cleaning Hydrophobic Coatings on solar panels………………………………………………………………… 123
  • Figure 38: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in energy, 2010-2030, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………….. 126
  • Figure 39: Oil-Repellent self-healing nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………………………. 132
  • Figure 40: Revenues for hydrophobic, superhydrophobic, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings in oil and gas exploration, 2010-2030, US$……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 133