The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2022-2032: Cellulose Nanofibers, Cellulose Nanocrystals and Bacterial Nanocellulose

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May 2022 | 423 pages, 177 figures, 114 tables | Download Table of contents

The global nanocellulose (NC) market has accelerated over the last few years as producers in Japan and to a lesser extent North America and Europe bring products to market. The development of these remarkable materials has compelled major paper and pulp producers to gravitate their traditional business towards advanced biorefineries, which have met with initial success and resulted in production capacity increases.

Three types of NC are commercially available: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).  In addition to being produced in different ways, these three types also vary in their physico-chemical properties, from size to crystallinity. Most commercially produced NC is CNF, which is produced on a large scale in Japan.  

NC materials are abundant, renewable and inexpensive but are extremely strong, durable, and lightweight, non-toxic and are lower cost than other advanced materials and nanomaterials. Used as a materials additive and in composites, nanocellulose will help to drive the global move away from oil-based plastics and products to sustainable, bio-based alternatives.

Nanocellulose (NC) can be derived from a multitude of abundant cellulosic biomass sources such as wood pulp, agricultural crops, organic waste, as well as from bacteria. Properties including high tensile strength, biocompatibility, and high aspect ratio make it attractive to a wide range of markets, from medical to construction to aerospace. As nanocellulose originates from renewable matter, its potential to replace petroleum-derived materials in films, coatings, composites, and packaging are particularly interesting in the wake of current political and societal movements towards reduction of plastic consumption. Most of the NC being developed for commercial purposes is in the form of CNF. Currently, many NC-based applications are at an early stages, with some applications already  commercially available, mainly in Japan.

 The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2022-2032 is the most comprehensive and up-to date report on nanocellulose currently available. Profiling over 120 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by nanocellulose. A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in nanocellulose, The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2022-2032 contains:

  • Tabular data on current nanocellulose products.
  • Market assessment by nanocellulose type: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).
  • Assessment of nanocellulose by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for use of nanocellulose, technology drawbacks, competing materials, estimated consumption of nanocellulose to 2032 and main OEMs in each market with potential interest in nanocellulose for product integration.
  • Graphical depictions of nanocellulose applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of nanocellulose producer and distributor pricing in 2022.
  • Global market for nanocellulose in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2032.
  • In-depth profiles of nanocellulose producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Granbio, Asahi Kasei, Cellucomp, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper, Daio Paper, DKS, Fiberlean, Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. Innventia AB, KRI, Inc., Melodea, Nippon Paper, Oji and many more.
  • 96 cellulose nanofiber company profiles
  • 19 cellulose nanocrystal company profiles
  • 14 bacterial nanocellulose company profiles
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   27

  • 1.1          The market for nanocellulose     29
  • 1.2          Industry developments 2020-22 31
  • 1.3          Market outlook in 2022 and beyond        31
  • 1.4          Global production of nanocellulose          33
    • 1.4.1      Global nanocellulose production capacities 2021, by type              33
    • 1.4.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2022, in metric tonnes by producer        34
    • 1.4.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2022           35
    • 1.4.4      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2022 38
  • 1.5          Market challenges for cellulose nanofibers           41
  • 1.6          Nanocellulose commercial products        42
  • 1.7          Nanocellulose market by region 49
    • 1.7.1      Japan    50
    • 1.7.2      China     52
    • 1.7.3      Malaysia              52
    • 1.7.4      Western Europe               53
    • 1.7.5      North America   53
  • 1.8          Global government funding        54

 

2              OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE               56

  • 2.1          Cellulose              56
  • 2.2          Nanocellulose   57
  • 2.3          Properties of nanocellulose         58
  • 2.4          Feedstocks         59
  • 2.5          Advantages of nanocellulose      60
  • 2.6          Synthesis and Production methods          61
    • 2.6.1      Acid hydrolysis  65
    • 2.6.2      TEMPO oxidation             65
    • 2.6.3      Ammonium persulfate (APS) oxidation   66
    • 2.6.4      Ball milling           66
    • 2.6.5      Cryocrushing      66
    • 2.6.6      High-shear grinding         67
    • 2.6.7      Green production methods         67
      • 2.6.7.1   Ultrasonication 67
      • 2.6.7.2   High-pressure homogenization  69
    • 2.6.8      Recent methods               70
      • 2.6.8.1   Microwave irradiation    71
      • 2.6.8.2   Enzymatic processing     72
      • 2.6.8.3   Deep eutectic solvents (DESs)     73
      • 2.6.8.4   Pulsed electric field         73
      • 2.6.8.5   Electron beam irradiation             74
  • 2.7          Life cycle of nanocellulose            76
  • 2.8          Types of nanocellulose  77
    • 2.8.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 81
    • 2.8.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)           82
      • 2.8.2.1   Hydrophilic CNF 83
      • 2.8.2.2   Hydrophobic CNF             83
      • 2.8.2.3   Applications       84
    • 2.8.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)       85
      • 2.8.3.1   Synthesis             85
      • 2.8.3.2   Properties           87
      • 2.8.3.3   Production          89
      • 2.8.3.4   Applications       90
    • 2.8.4      Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)    92
      • 2.8.4.1   Production          92
      • 2.8.4.2   Properties           93
      • 2.8.4.3   Applications       94

 

3              MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN NANOCELLULOSE    95

 

4              REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS 98

  • 4.1          Standards            99
    • 4.1.1      International Standards Organization (ISO)           99
    • 4.1.2      American National Standards      99
    • 4.1.3      CSA Group          99
  • 4.2          Toxicity 99
  • 4.3          Regulation          102

 

5              NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN               102

 

6              NANOCELLULOSE PRICING           105

  • 6.1          Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)             105
  • 6.2          Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)         107
  • 6.3          Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)     108

 

7              MARKETS FOR CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS 108

  • 7.1          Composites        108
    • 7.1.1      Market overview             109
    • 7.1.2      Applications       114
      • 7.1.2.1   Automotive composites 115
      • 7.1.2.2   Biocomposite films & packaging 116
      • 7.1.2.3   Barrier packaging             116
      • 7.1.2.4   Thermal insulation composites  116
      • 7.1.2.5   Construction composites              117
    • 7.1.3      Global market in tons to 2032     117
    • 7.1.4      Product developers        118
  • 7.2          Automotive        121
    • 7.2.1      Market overview             121
    • 7.2.2      Applications       125
      • 7.2.2.1   Composites        125
      • 7.2.2.2   Air intake components  131
      • 7.2.2.3   Tires      131
    • 7.2.3      Global market in tons to 2032     132
    • 7.2.4      Product developers        133
  • 7.3          Buildings and construction           136
    • 7.3.1      Market overview             136
    • 7.3.2      Applications       140
      • 7.3.2.1   Sandwich composites     140
      • 7.3.2.2   Cement additives             140
      • 7.3.2.3   Pump primers    141
      • 7.3.2.4   Thermal insulation and damping               141
    • 7.3.3      Global market in tons to 2032     142
    • 7.3.4      Product developers        143
  • 7.4          Paper and board packaging          145
    • 7.4.1      Market overview             145
    • 7.4.2      Applications       151
      • 7.4.2.1   Reinforcement and barrier           151
      • 7.4.2.2   Biodegradable food packaging foil and films         152
      • 7.4.2.3   Paperboard coatings       152
    • 7.4.3      Global market in tons to 2032     153
    • 7.4.4      Product developers        154
  • 7.5          Textiles and apparel        155
    • 7.5.1      Market overview             155
    • 7.5.2      Applications       159
      • 7.5.2.1   CNF deodorizer and odour reducer (antimicrobial) in adult and child diapers         160
      • 7.5.2.2   Footwear            160
    • 7.5.3      Global market in tons to 2032     160
    • 7.5.4      Product developer profiles          162
  • 7.6          Biomedicine and healthcare        163
    • 7.6.1      Market overview             163
    • 7.6.2      Applications       170
      • 7.6.2.1   Wound dressings             170
      • 7.6.2.2   Drug delivery stabilizers 171
      • 7.6.2.3   Tissue engineering scaffolds        171
    • 7.6.3      Global market in tons to 2032     172
    • 7.6.4      Product developers        173
  • 7.7          Hygiene and sanitary products   176
    • 7.7.1      Market overview             176
    • 7.7.2      Applications       176
    • 7.7.3      Global market in tons to 2032     176
    • 7.7.4      Product developers        178
  • 7.8          Paints and coatings         179
    • 7.8.1      Market overview             179
    • 7.8.2      Applications       183
    • 7.8.3      Global market in tons to 2032     183
    • 7.8.4      Product developers        185
  • 7.9          Aerogels              187
    • 7.9.1      Market overview             187
    • 7.9.2      Global market in tons to 2032     190
    • 7.9.3      Product developers        191
  • 7.10        Oil and gas          193
    • 7.10.1    Market overview             193
    • 7.10.2    Applications       196
      • 7.10.2.1                Oil recovery applications (fracturing fluid)             196
      • 7.10.2.2                CNF Membranes for separation 196
      • 7.10.2.3                Oil and gas fluids additives           197
    • 7.10.3    Global market in tons to 2032     197
    • 7.10.4    Product developers        198
  • 7.11        Filtration              200
    • 7.11.1    Market overview             200
    • 7.11.2    Applications       205
      • 7.11.2.1                Membranes for selective absorption       206
    • 7.11.3    Global market in tons to 2032     206
    • 7.11.4    Product developers        207
  • 7.12        Rheology modifiers         209
    • 7.12.1    Market overview             209
    • 7.12.2    Applications       212
      • 7.12.2.1                Food additives   212
      • 7.12.2.2                Pickering stabilizers         213
      • 7.12.2.3                Hydrogels            213
      • 7.12.2.4                Cosmetics and skincare 214
    • 7.12.3    Global market in tons to 2032     214
    • 7.12.4    Product developers        215
  • 7.13        Other markets   218
    • 7.13.1    Printed, stretchable and flexible electronics         218
      • 7.13.1.1                Market assessment        218
      • 7.13.1.2                Product developers        221
    • 7.13.2    3D printing          222
      • 7.13.2.1                Market assessment        222
      • 7.13.2.2                Product developers        225
    • 7.13.3    Aerospace          225
      • 7.13.3.1                Market assessment        225
      • 7.13.3.2                Product developers        226
    • 7.13.4    Batteries              227
      • 7.13.4.1                Market assessment        227

 

8              CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES       228

 

9              CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCER ANALYSIS  369

 

10           CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) COMPANY PROFILES    371

 

11           BACTERIAL CELLULOSE (BC) COMPANY PROFILES 400

 

12           RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY 411

  • 12.1        Report scope     411
  • 12.2        Research methodology 412

 

13           REFERENCES       413

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications.     27
  • Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose.        29
  • Table 3. The nanocellulose market in 2020-2022-industry product and production activity.             31
  • Table 4. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.    32
  • Table 5. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes.       34
  • Table 6. MFC production capacities in metric tonnes and production process, by producer, metric tonnes.              35
  • Table 7. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market in metric tonnes, 2018-2032.       36
  • Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes.                38
  • Table 9. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.                38
  • Table 10. Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose.         41
  • Table 11. Nanocellulose -based commercial products.     42
  • Table 12. Regional demand for nanocellulose, 2021, tons (total excludes MFC).   50
  • Table 13. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Japan.        50
  • Table 14. Nanocellulose research centres, universities and companies in China.   52
  • Table 15. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Europe.     53
  • Table 16. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in North America.      54
  • Table 17. Properties and applications of nanocellulose.   58
  • Table 18. Properties of nanocellulose, by type.   59
  • Table 19. Chemical composition of different lignocellulosic feedstocks used for nanocellulose production (% dry basis).                59
  • Table 20. Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials. 61
  • Table 21. Extraction of nanocellulose (NC) from various lignocellulosic sources using different conventional technologies.     64
  • Table 22. Recent methos for nanocellulose (NC) production.        70
  • Table 23. Types of nanocellulose.              77
  • Table 24. Types of nanocellulose.              79
  • Table 25. Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).        84
  • Table 26. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).     86
  • Table 27. CNC sources, size and yield.      87
  • Table 28. CNC properties.             88
  • Table 29. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         88
  • Table 30. CNC production processes.      89
  • Table 31. Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).               91
  • Table 32. Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). 94
  • Table 33. Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application.          95
  • Table 34. Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose.          100
  • Table 35. Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis.        102
  • Table 36: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.        105
  • Table 37: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers.    107
  • Table 38: Product/price/application matrix of bacterial nanocellulose producers. 108
  • Table 39. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.         109
  • Table 40. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.   109
  • Table 41. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites.       110
  • Table 42. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   110
  • Table 43. Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2032 (metric tonnes).     117
  • Table 44. Companies developing nanocellulose in composites.    118
  • Table 45. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive.        121
  • Table 46. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive.       122
  • Table 47. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs.   122
  • Table 48. Components featured in the NCV.         126
  • Table 49. Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2032 (tons).    132
  • Table 50. Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry.        133
  • Table 51. Market overview for nanocellulose in building and construction.             136
  • Table 52. Scorecard for nanocellulose in building and construction.           136
  • Table 53. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials.        137
  • Table 54. Market assessment for nanocellulose in building and construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs          138
  • Table 55: Market demand for nanocellulose in building and construction, 2018-2032 (tons).          142
  • Table 56. Companies developing nanocellulose in building and construction.         143
  • Table 57. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers. 145
  • Table 58. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.        145
  • Table 59. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs.        146
  • Table 60. Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2032 (tons).            153
  • Table 61. Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board.        154
  • Table 62. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.         155
  • Table 63. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.       155
  • Table 64. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.          156
  • Table 65. Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2032 (tons).             160
  • Table 66. Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel. 162
  • Table 67. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare.  163
  • Table 68. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.             164
  • Table 69. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs. 165
  • Table 70. Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2032 (tons). 172
  • Table 71. Nanocellulose product developers in medicine and healthcare. 173
  • Table 72. Market overview for nanocellulose in the hygiene and sanitary products market.            176
  • Table 73. Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2032 (tons).               176
  • Table 74. Nanocellulose product developers in hygiene and sanitary products.     178
  • Table 75. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.          179
  • Table 76. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.        179
  • Table 77. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs. 180
  • Table 78. Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2032 (tons).          183
  • Table 79. Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.          185
  • Table 80. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels.               187
  • Table 81. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels. 187
  • Table 82. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs.   188
  • Table 83. Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2032 (tons).              190
  • Table 84. Nanocellulose in product developers in aerogels.           191
  • Table 85. Market overview for nanocellulose in in oil and gas.      193
  • Table 86. Scorecard for nanocellulose in in oil and gas.    193
  • Table 87. Market assessment for nanocellulose in in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs.   194
  • Table 88. Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2032 (tons).  197
  • Table 89. Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration.    198
  • Table 90. CNF membranes.          201
  • Table 91. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration.               201
  • Table 92. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration.             202
  • Table 93. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.   202
  • Table 94: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2032 (tons).      206
  • Table 95. Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration.        207
  • Table 96. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.          209
  • Table 97. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.        210
  • Table 98. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs. 210
  • Table 99. Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2032 (tons).  214
  • Table 100. Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers.         215
  • Table 101. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper).              218
  • Table 102. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs.  219
  • Table 103. Companies developing nanocellulose products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics. 221
  • Table 104. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.   222
  • Table 105. Companies developing nanocellulose printing products.           225
  • Table 106. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.           225
  • Table 107: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace.         226
  • Table 108. Market assessment for nanocellulose in Batteries-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks.        227
  • Table 109: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.      273
  • Table 110. Nippon Paper commercial CNF products.         308
  • Table 111: Oji Holdings CNF products.     318
  • Table 112: CNC producers and production capacities.       369
  • Table 113: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer.       370
  • Table 114. Fibnano properties.  408

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tonnes.      32
  • Figure 2. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tonnes.      34
  • Figure 3. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC in metric tonnes by market, 2018-2032.     37
  • Figure 4. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2032.              40
  • Figure 5. Dorayaki.           43
  • Figure 6. ENASAVE NEXT.              43
  • Figure 7. GEL-KAYANO™.              44
  • Figure 8. Kirekira! toilet wipes.   45
  • Figure 9. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet.   46
  • Figure 10. SC-3 (B) speakers.       47
  • Figure 11. SE-MONITOR5 headphones.   47
  • Figure 12. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers. 48
  • Figure 13. "SURISURI" Lotion.     48
  • Figure 14. Regional demand for nanocellulose, 2020.        50
  • Figure 15. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit. 56
  • Figure 16. Scale of cellulose materials.    57
  • Figure 17. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials.   62
  • Figure 18. Types of nanocellulose.            78
  • Figure 19. Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.            79
  • Figure 20. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose.           81
  • Figure 21. CNF gel.           82
  • Figure 22. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 85
  • Figure 23. CNC preparation.        86
  • Figure 24. Extracting CNC from trees.      87
  • Figure 25. CNC slurry.     90
  • Figure 26. Bacterial nanocellulose shapes              93
  • Figure 27. Applications of nanocellulose in composites.  115
  • Figure 28. Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2032 (metric tonnes).    118
  • Figure 29. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid).         119
  • Figure 30. CNF resin products.    120
  • Figure 31. Interior of NCV concept car.    121
  • Figure 32. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.  125
  • Figure 33. Interior of the NCV prototype.              126
  • Figure 34. Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2032 (tons). 132
  • Figure 35: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car.             133
  • Figure 36: CNF composite.           134
  • Figure 37: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.           134
  • Figure 38. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project. 135
  • Figure 39. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       137
  • Figure 40. Applications of nanocellulose in building and construction.       140
  • Figure 41. Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2032 (tons). 143
  • Figure 42. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.   151
  • Figure 43. Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2032 (tons).  153
  • Figure 44. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.  160
  • Figure 45. Asics GEL-KAYANO™ 25 running shoe. 160
  • Figure 46. Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2032 (tons).    161
  • Figure 47. CNF deodorant products.        162
  • Figure 48. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.        170
  • Figure 49. Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2032 (tons).              172
  • Figure 50. Fibnano.         174
  • Figure 51. Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2032 (tons).             177
  • Figure 52. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings.   183
  • Figure 53. Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2032 (tons).        184
  • Figure 54. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.        186
  • Figure 55: Global demand for nanocellulose in in aerogels, 2018-2032 (tons).       191
  • Figure 56. Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2032 (tons). 198
  • Figure 57. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery.    199
  • Figure 58. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration.        205
  • Figure 59. Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2032 (tons).    207
  • Figure 60. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw.             208
  • Figure 61. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.    212
  • Figure 62. Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2032 (tons). 215
  • Figure 63. "SURISURI" products. 216
  • Figure 64. Foldable nanopaper antenna. 219
  • Figure 65: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF. 221
  • Figure 66. Oji CNF transparent sheets.    222
  • Figure 67. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.          222
  • Figure 68: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  229
  • Figure 69. MEDICELLU™.               229
  • Figure 70: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  231
  • Figure 71: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 232
  • Figure 72: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              232
  • Figure 73. CNF nonwoven fabric.               233
  • Figure 74. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.               238
  • Figure 75. nanoforest products. 247
  • Figure 76. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.             248
  • Figure 77. nanoforest-S. 248
  • Figure 78. nanoforest-PDP.         249
  • Figure 79. nanoforest-MB.           249
  • Figure 80. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.    251
  • Figure 81. Celish.              251
  • Figure 82: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   252
  • Figure 83. Daio Paper CNF production process.   254
  • Figure 84. ELLEX products.           255
  • Figure 85. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            256
  • Figure 86. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 256
  • Figure 87. Color CNF.      257
  • Figure 88. DIC Products CNF production process.               259
  • Figure 89. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 261
  • Figure 90: Rheocrysta spray.       262
  • Figure 91. DKS CNF products.      262
  • Figure 92: CNF based on citrus peel.        264
  • Figure 93. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.       264
  • Figure 94. Imerys CNF production process.           266
  • Figure 95. Filler Bank CNC products.         268
  • Figure 96: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  269
  • Figure 97: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.                271
  • Figure 98. Granbio CNF production process.         274
  • Figure 99: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                276
  • Figure 100. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer).              277
  • Figure 101: CNF gel.        279
  • Figure 102: Block nanocellulose material.              280
  • Figure 103: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.           280
  • Figure 104. Innventia CNF production process.    282
  • Figure 105: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.       283
  • Figure 106. Kami Shoji CNF products.      285
  • Figure 107. Dual Graft System.   287
  • Figure 108: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.        288
  • Figure 109. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).           288
  • Figure 110: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).     289
  • Figure 111. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.      291
  • Figure 112. CNF deodorant.         293
  • Figure 113. Chitin nanofiber product.      294
  • Figure 114. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.            296
  • Figure 115. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder. 297
  • Figure 116. Cellulomix production process.           299
  • Figure 117. Nanobase versus conventional products.       300
  • Figure 118. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307.       300
  • Figure 119: CNF slurries.               301
  • Figure 120. Range of CNF products.          301
  • Figure 121: Nanocell serum product.       303
  • Figure 122: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.        304
  • Figure 123: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.    304
  • Figure 124. Nippon Paper CNF production process.           307
  • Figure 125: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.          308
  • Figure 126. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF.  310
  • Figure 127. CNF paint product.   312
  • Figure 128: CNF wet powder.     313
  • Figure 129: CNF transparent film.              314
  • Figure 130: Transparent CNF sheets.       314
  • Figure 131. Oji Paper CNF production process.    316
  • Figure 132: CNF clear sheets.      318
  • Figure 133. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.       320
  • Figure 134: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.              321
  • Figure 135. A vacuum cleaner part made of cellulose fiber (left) and the assembled vacuum cleaner.         322
  • Figure 136. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.  323
  • Figure 137: XCNF.            325
  • Figure 138: CNF insulation flat plates.     327
  • Figure 139. Seiko PMC CNF production process. 330
  • Figure 140. Manufacturing process for STARCEL. 331
  • Figure 141: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.        333
  • Figure 142. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.      334
  • Figure 143. Stora Enso CNF production process. 335
  • Figure 144. Sugino Machine CNF production process.      337
  • Figure 145: High Pressure Water Jet Process.       337
  • Figure 146: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.       338
  • Figure 147. BiNFi-s Dry Powder. 338
  • Figure 148. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.          339
  • Figure 149: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.       339
  • Figure 150: SVILOSA AD CNC products.   341
  • Figure 151: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.  346
  • Figure 152: CNF/nanosilver powder.       347
  • Figure 153: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.     348
  • Figure 154: CNF resin products. 350
  • Figure 155. University of Maine CNF production process.               352
  • Figure 156. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.      354
  • Figure 157. FibDex® wound dressing.      355
  • Figure 158. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          357
  • Figure 159: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.               358
  • Figure 160. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.         360
  • Figure 161. VTT CNF production process.               362
  • Figure 162: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.     363
  • Figure 163: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.        364
  • Figure 164. S-CNF in powder form.           365
  • Figure 165. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       367
  • Figure 166: R3TM process technology.   374
  • Figure 167: Blue Goose CNC Production Process.               375
  • Figure 168: NCCTM Process.        378
  • Figure 169: Celluforce production process.           379
  • Figure 170: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:         380
  • Figure 171. Filler Bank CNC products.      381
  • Figure 172: Plantrose process.    388
  • Figure 173. CNC solution.              393
  • Figure 174. University of Maine CNF production process.               395
  • Figure 175. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          397
  • Figure 176. Cellugy materials.     405
  • Figure 177: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet.  407

 

 

The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2022-2032
The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2022-2032
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The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2022-2032
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