The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019

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The most comprehensive guide to graphene production, commercial opportunities and current pricing. The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019 examines:

  • Advantages and shortcomings of graphene as a technology component.
  • Pricing analysis for graphene, by types and producers.
  • Production volumes by graphene producer.
  • Graphene applications by industry.
  • Graphene market size 2018 and growth forecast 2019-2030 (tonnes, CAGR 2018-2030)
  • Production capacities globally 2010-2018.
  • Segmentation by type of graphene materials and production.
  • Provides a map of the current competitive landscape by market.
  • Investments in graphene over the past 12 months.
  • Market impediments for graphene by target market.
  • Profiles all the major players in graphene production.
  • Profiles all the major application developers including current and intended products.
  • Global map of graphene producers.

Published February 2019 | 380 pages, 138 tables, 138 figures | Table of contents

The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-PDF
The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-PDF
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The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-Print Edition
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The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-PDF and Print Edition
The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-PDF and Print Edition
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The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-Multi-user licence
The Graphene Investment and Pricing Report 2019-Multi-user licence
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………… 28

  • 1.1     Market opportunity analysis……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29

2    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 31

  • 2.1     The market in 2018………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
  • 2.2     Graphene production and demand 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………. 32
  • 2.3     Products on the market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
  • 2.4     Graphene investments and funding 2017-2018…………………………………………………………………………… 36
  • 2.5     Market outlook…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
  • 2.6     Market opportunity matrix………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41
  • 2.7     Collaborations and licence agreements…………………………………………………………………………………….. 44

3    GRAPHENE HISTORY……………………………………………………………. 48

4    TYPES OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE GRAPHENE……………. 50

  • 4.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 50
  • 4.2     3D Graphene………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 51
  • 4.3     Graphene Quantum Dots……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 51

5    PRODUCER PRODUCTION CAPACITIES BY GRAPHENE TYPE. 56

  • 5.1     Graphene oxide…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
  • 5.2     Graphene nanoplatelets………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • 5.3     CVD graphene film……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62
  • 5.4     Planned graphene capacities 2018 onwards………………………………………………………………………………. 63

6    GRAPHENE PRICING…………………………………………………………….. 64

  • 6.1     Pristine Graphene Flakes………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
  • 6.2     Few-Layer Graphene……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 66
  • 6.3     Graphene Nanoplatelets………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 66
  • 6.4     Reduced Graphene Oxide……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 67
  • 6.5     Graphene Quantum Dots……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
  • 6.6     Graphene Oxide Nanosheets………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
  • 6.7     Multilayer Graphene (MLG)……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
  • 6.8     Mass production of lower grade graphene materials…………………………………………………………………….. 69
  • 6.9     High grade graphene difficult to mass produce……………………………………………………………………………. 69
  • 6.10        Bulk supply…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
  • 6.11        Commoditisation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70

7    GRAPHENE IN 3D PRINTING…………………………………………………. 71

  • 7.1     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
  • 7.2     GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………………….. 71

8    GRAPHENE IN ADHESIVES…………………………………………………… 73

  • 8.1     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73
  • 8.2     GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………………….. 75

9    GRAPHENE IN AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE…………………………. 77

  • 9.1     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77
  • 9.2     GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………………….. 80

10 GRAPHENE IN AUTOMOTIVE………………………………………………… 84

  • 10.1        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84
  • 10.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………………. 87

11 GRAPHENE IN COATINGS…………………………………………………….. 90

  • 11.1        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 90
  • 11.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………………. 93

12 GRAPHENE IN COMPOSITES………………………………………………… 96

  • 12.1        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 97
  • 12.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 100

13 GRAPHENE IN FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, WEARABLES, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS……………………………………….. 104

  • 13.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 104
  • 13.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 112

14 GRAPHENE IN CONDUCTIVE INKS………………………………………. 119

  • 14.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119
  • 14.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 124

15 GRAPHENE IN TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS… 129

  • 15.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 129
  • 15.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 133

16 GRAPHENE IN MEMORY DEVICES………………………………………. 137

  • 16.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137
  • 16.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 139

17 GRAPHENE IN PHOTONICS…………………………………………………. 143

  • 17.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 143
  • 17.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 147

18 GRAPHENE IN BATTERIES………………………………………………….. 150

  • 18.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 150
  • 18.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 152

19 GRAPHENE IN SUPERCAPACITORS……………………………………. 156

  • 19.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 156
  • 19.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 160

20 GRAPHENE IN SOLAR………………………………………………………… 164

  • 20.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 164
  • 20.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 166

21 GRAPHENE IN FUEL CELLS………………………………………………… 169

  • 21.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 169
  • 21.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 170

22 GRAPHENE IN LED LIGHTING AND UVC………………………………. 173

  • 22.1.1     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 173
  • 22.1.3     GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………… 175

23 GRAPHENE IN OIL AND GAS……………………………………………….. 177

  • 23.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 178
  • 23.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 182

24 GRAPHENE IN FILTRATION…………………………………………………. 186

  • 24.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 186
  • 24.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 189

25 GRAPHENE IN LIFE SCIENCES AND BIOMEDICINE………………. 194

  • 25.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 194
  • 25.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 208

26 GRAPHENE IN LUBRICANTS……………………………………………….. 213

  • 26.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 213
  • 26.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 214

27 GRAPHENE IN RUBBER AND TIRES…………………………………….. 217

  • 27.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 217
  • 27.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 218

28 GRAPHENE IN SENSORS…………………………………………………….. 221

  • 28.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 221
  • 28.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 228

29 GRAPHENE IN SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL…………………. 231

  • 29.1        APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 232
  • 29.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 237

30 GRAPHENE IN CEMENT ADDITIVES…………………………………….. 243

  • 30.1        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 243
  • 30.2        GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………………………….. 243

31 GRAPHENE PRODUCERS……………………………………………………. 246

32 GRAPHENE PRODUCT AND APPLICATION DEVELOPERS……. 314

33 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 370

TABLES

  • Table 1: Demand for graphene (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………. 32
  • Table 2: Main graphene producers by country and annual production capacities…………………………………………….. 34
  • Table 3: Consumer products incorporating graphene………………………………………………………………………………… 35
  • Table 4: Graphene investments and financial agreements 2017-2018………………………………………………………….. 36
  • Table 5: Market opportunity assessment matrix for graphene applications…………………………………………………….. 41
  • Table 6: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets……………………………………….. 44
  • Table 7: Properties of graphene…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51
  • Table 8: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs…………………………………………………………………. 52
  • Table 9: Graphene quantum dot producers…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 55
  • Table 10: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by country/year, 2010-2018………………………………………….. 58
  • Table 11: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018………………………………………………….. 59
  • Table 12: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by country/year, 2010-2018……………………………………………… 60
  • Table 13: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018……………………………………………………… 61
  • Table 14: CVD graphene film capacity in tons by country/year, 2010-2018/ 000s m2………………………………………… 63
  • Table 15: Planned graphene production capacities…………………………………………………………………………………… 63
  • Table 16: Types of graphene and prices………………………………………………………………………………………………… 64
  • Table 17: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer……………………………………………………………………………… 65
  • Table 18: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer…………………………………………………………………………………… 66
  • Table 19: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer……………………………………………………………………………… 67
  • Table 20: Reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer……………………………………………………………………………. 67
  • Table 21: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer……………………………………………………………………………… 68
  • Table 22: Graphene oxide nanosheets pricing by producer………………………………………………………………………… 68
  • Table 23: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer………………………………………………………………………………….. 69
  • Table 24: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing…………………………………………………………….. 71
  • Table 25: Market size for graphene in 3D printing…………………………………………………………………………………….. 71
  • Table 26: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in 3D printing………………………………………………………….. 71
  • Table 27: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………….. 72
  • Table 28: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives……………………………………………………………… 74
  • Table 29: Applications and benefits of graphene in adhesives…………………………………………………………………….. 74
  • Table 30: Market size for graphene in adhesives……………………………………………………………………………………… 75
  • Table 31: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in adhesives……………………………………………………………. 75
  • Table 32: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 77
  • Table 33: Applications and benefits of graphene in aerospace……………………………………………………………………. 79
  • Table 34: Market size for graphene in aircfaft and aerospace……………………………………………………………………… 80
  • Table 35: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in aerospace…………………………………………………………… 81
  • Table 36: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 83
  • Table 37: Applications and benefits of graphene in the automotive industry…………………………………………………… 86
  • Table 38: Market size for graphene in the automotive industry……………………………………………………………………. 87
  • Table 39: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the automotive industry………………………………………….. 87
  • Table 40: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 89
  • Table 41: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings……………………………………………………………….. 91
  • Table 42: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the coatings market………………………………………………. 93
  • Table 43: Demand for graphene in coatings (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………………. 95
  • Table 44: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites………………………………………………… 97
  • Table 45: Applications and benefits of graphene in composites…………………………………………………………………… 98
  • Table 46: Market size for graphene in composites………………………………………………………………………………….. 100
  • Table 47: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the composites market…………………………………………. 100
  • Table 48: Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………… 102
  • Table 49: Applications and benefits of graphene in flexible electronics and conductive films…………………………….. 105
  • Table 50: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors………………………………………………………………. 111
  • Table 51: Market size for graphene in flexible electronics and conductive films……………………………………………… 112
  • Table 52: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 113
  • Table 53: Demand for graphene in flexible electronics (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………….. 114
  • Table 54: Market challenges rating for graphene in the flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays market……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 118
  • Table 55: Comparative properties of conductive inks………………………………………………………………………………. 119
  • Table 56: Printable electronics products……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 120
  • Table 57: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in conductive inks…………………………………………………… 126
  • Table 58: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 127
  • Table 59: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2027………………………………………………………….. 128
  • Table 60: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors…………………………………………………………. 131
  • Table 61: Applications and benefits of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components……………. 132
  • Table 62: Market size for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components…………………………….. 133
  • Table 63: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components….. 133
  • Table 64: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………. 135
  • Table 65: Market size for graphene in memory devices……………………………………………………………………………. 139
  • Table 66: Demand for graphene in memory devices (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………….. 141
  • Table 67: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators…………………………………………………. 144
  • Table 68: Applications and benefits of graphene in photonics……………………………………………………………………. 146
  • Table 69: Market size for graphene in photonics…………………………………………………………………………………….. 147
  • Table 70: Demand for graphene in photonics (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 148
  • Table 71: Market size for graphene in batteries……………………………………………………………………………………… 153
  • Table 72: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries…………………………………………. 154
  • Table 73: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in batteries……………………………………………………………. 155
  • Table 74: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 155
  • Table 75: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries………………………………… 157
  • Table 76: Applications and benefits of graphene in supercapacitors……………………………………………………………. 158
  • Table 77: Market size for graphene in supercapacitors…………………………………………………………………………….. 160
  • Table 78: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in supercapacitors………………………………………………….. 161
  • Table 79: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………… 162
  • Table 80: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics………………………………………………………………………………… 166
  • Table 81: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics………………………………………………………………………………… 167
  • Table 82: Potential addressable market for photovoltaics…………………………………………………………………………. 167
  • Table 83: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………. 168
  • Table 84: Applications and benefits of graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage……………………………………….. 170
  • Table 85: Market size for graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage………………………………………………………… 171
  • Table 86: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage……………………………… 172
  • Table 87: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 172
  • Table 88: Applications of graphene in lighting………………………………………………………………………………………… 173
  • Table 89: Market size for graphene in LED lighting and UVC…………………………………………………………………….. 175
  • Table 90: Investment opportunity assessment for graphene in the lighting market…………………………………………. 176
  • Table 91: Demand for graphene in lighting (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………………. 177
  • Table 92: Applications of graphene in the oil and gas market……………………………………………………………………. 178
  • Table 93: Application markets, competing materials, graphene advantages and current market size in oil and gas.. 182
  • Table 94: Market summary and revenues for graphene in the oil and gas market………………………………………….. 183
  • Table 95: Potential addressable market for graphene in the oil and gas market…………………………………………….. 184
  • Table 96: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………. 185
  • Table 97: Applications and benefits of graphene in filtration and separation………………………………………………….. 187
  • Table 98: Market size for graphene in filtration………………………………………………………………………………………. 190
  • Table 99: Potential addressable market for graphene in the filtration market…………………………………………………. 191
  • Table 100: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market………………………… 191
  • Table 101: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 192
  • Table 102: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare…………………………………… 194
  • Table 103: Applications and benefits of graphene in life sciences and medical……………………………………………… 194
  • Table 104: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof. 202
  • Table 105: Market size for graphene in biomedical and healthcare…………………………………………………………….. 208
  • Table 106: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets…………………………… 210
  • Table 107: Potential addressable market for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets……………………………… 211
  • Table 108: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………….. 212
  • Table 109: Applications of graphene in the lubricants market……………………………………………………………………. 214
  • Table 110: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants…………………………………………………………………… 214
  • Table 111: Market size for graphene in lubricants…………………………………………………………………………………… 214
  • Table 112: Potential addressable market for graphene in the lubricants market…………………………………………….. 215
  • Table 113: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in lubricants…………………………………………………………. 215
  • Table 114: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………. 216
  • Table 115: Applications of graphene in rubber and tires…………………………………………………………………………… 217
  • Table 116: Market summary and revenues for graphene in the rubber and tires market………………………………….. 218
  • Table 117: Potential addressable market for graphene in the rubber and tires market…………………………………….. 219
  • Table 118: Investment opportunity assessment for graphene in the rubber and tires market…………………………….. 219
  • Table 119: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………. 220
  • Table 120: Applications and benefits of graphene in sensors…………………………………………………………………….. 222
  • Table 121: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors……………………………………………………………… 223
  • Table 122: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and graphene biosensor…………………… 227
  • Table 123: Market size for graphene in sensors……………………………………………………………………………………… 228
  • Table 124: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the sensors market…………………………………………….. 229
  • Table 125: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 230
  • Table 126: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 232
  • Table 127: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials…………….. 234
  • Table 128: Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel…………………………………………………….. 235
  • Table 129: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market……………………………………………………… 238
  • Table 130: Potential addressable market for graphene in the smart textiles market………………………………………… 241
  • Table 131: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in smart textiles and apparel……………………………………. 241
  • Table 132: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………….. 242
  • Table 133: Potential addressable market for graphene in the cement market……………………………………………….. 244
  • Table 134: Demand for graphene in cement (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 244
  • Table 135: Graphene producers and types produced………………………………………………………………………………. 246
  • Table 136: Graphene producers target market matrix……………………………………………………………………………… 249
  • Table 137: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets………………………………….. 314
  • Table 138: Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix………………………………………………. 318

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Demand for graphene, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………. 33
  • Figure 2: Vittoria bike tires incorporating graphene…………………………………………………………………………………… 35
  • Figure 3: Demand for graphene, by market, 2018. Figures based on market graphene producers sell to, including samples……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
  • Figure 4: Graphene layer structure schematic…………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Figure 5: Graphite and graphene………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49
  • Figure 6: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene. …………………………………………………… 50
  • Figure 7: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4)………………………………………………………………………… 53
  • Figure 8: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………… 54
  • Figure 9: Graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 55
  • Figure 10: Fabrication methods of graphene…………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
  • Figure 11: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018…………………………………………………. 60
  • Figure 12: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018…………………………………………………….. 62
  • Figure 13: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62
  • Figure 14: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………. 73
  • Figure 15: Graphene Adhesives…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74
  • Figure 16: Potential addressable market for graphene in adhesives……………………………………………………………… 76
  • Figure 17: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 77
  • Figure 18: Graphene enhanced aircraft cargo container…………………………………………………………………………….. 78
  • Figure 19: Graphene aircraft……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79
  • Figure 20: Potential addressable market for graphene in aerospace…………………………………………………………….. 82
  • Figure 21: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in aerospace…………………………………. 83
  • Figure 22: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………….. 84
  • Figure 23: Graphene-based automotive components………………………………………………………………………………… 85
  • Figure 24: Antistatic graphene tire………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 86
  • Figure 25: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector………………………………………………. 88
  • Figure 26: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector………………………………………………. 89
  • Figure 27: Demand for graphene in automotive(tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 90
  • Figure 28: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating……………………. 92
  • Figure 29: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate……………………………………………………………. 93
  • Figure 30: Potential addressable market for graphene in the coatings market………………………………………………… 94
  • Figure 31: Potential addressable market for graphene in the coatings market………………………………………………… 95
  • Figure 32: Demand for graphene in coatings (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………….. 96
  • Figure 33: Potential addressable market for graphene in composites………………………………………………………….. 101
  • Figure 34: Potential addressable market for graphene in the composites market…………………………………………… 102
  • Figure 35: Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………….. 103
  • Figure 36: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application…………………………………………………………….. 104
  • Figure 37: Flexible graphene touch screen……………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
  • Figure 38: Galapad Settler smartphone………………………………………………………………………………………………… 105
  • Figure 39: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode………………………………………….. 106
  • Figure 40: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 107
  • Figure 41: Flexible mobile phones with graphene transparent conductive film……………………………………………….. 108
  • Figure 42: Foldable graphene E-paper…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 108
  • Figure 43: C2Sense flexible sensor…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 110
  • Figure 44: Wearable gas sensor…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 112
  • Figure 45: BeBop Sensors Marcel Modular Data Gloves………………………………………………………………………….. 112
  • Figure 46: Potential addressable market for graphene in the flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 114
  • Figure 47: Demand for graphene in flexible electronics (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………. 115
  • Figure 48: Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type, 2012-2027, millions $…….. 116
  • Figure 49: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates……………… 117
  • Figure 50: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 118
  • Figure 51: BGT Materials graphene ink product……………………………………………………………………………………… 120
  • Figure 52: Printed graphene conductive ink…………………………………………………………………………………………… 121
  • Figure 53: Flexible RFID tag………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 122
  • Figure 54: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink…………………………………………………………………………… 123
  • Figure 55: Graphene printed antenna………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 124
  • Figure 56: Printed antennas for aircraft………………………………………………………………………………………………… 124
  • Figure 57: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products……………………………………………………………………………… 125
  • Figure 58: Potential addressable market for graphene in the conductive ink market……………………………………….. 126
  • Figure 59: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 127
  • Figure 60: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………. 129
  • Figure 61: Graphene IC in wafer tester………………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
  • Figure 62: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array……………………………………………………………………… 130
  • Figure 63: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 131
  • Figure 64: Potential addressable market for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits……………………………… 134
  • Figure 65: Potential addressable market for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market………………. 135
  • Figure 66: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits (tons), 2018-2030………………………………… 136
  • Figure 67: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate………………………………………………………. 137
  • Figure 68: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 138
  • Figure 69: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt…………………………… 138
  • Figure 70: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 139
  • Figure 71: Stretchable SWCNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics……………………………………….. 139
  • Figure 72: Potential addressable market for graphene in the memory devices market…………………………………….. 141
  • Figure 73: Demand for graphene in memory devices (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………. 142
  • Figure 74: Hybrid graphene phototransistors…………………………………………………………………………………………. 145
  • Figure 75: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors…………………………………………………. 145
  • Figure 76: Flexible PEN coated with graphene and a QD thin film (20nm) is highly visibly transparent and photosensitive………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 146
  • Figure 77: Potential addressable market for graphene in photonics…………………………………………………………….. 148
  • Figure 78: Demand for graphene in photonics (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………….. 149
  • Figure 79: LG Chem Heaxagonal battery……………………………………………………………………………………………… 152
  • Figure 80: H600 concept car……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 153
  • Figure 81: Anion concept car……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 153
  • Figure 82: Potential addressable market for graphene in the thin film, flexible and printed batteries market…………. 155
  • Figure 83: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 156
  • Figure 84: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor…………………………………………………………………………………….. 157
  • Figure 85: The SkelStart Engine Start Module 2.0 based on the graphene-based SkelCap ultracapacitors………….. 158
  • Figure 86: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger…………………………………………………………………………………….. 159
  • Figure 87: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor…………………………………………………………………………………….. 160
  • Figure 88: Potential addressable market for graphene in supercapacitors……………………………………………………. 161
  • Figure 89: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………….. 163
  • Figure 90: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode…………………………………………………………………….. 164
  • Figure 91: Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper…………………………………………………………………………………… 165
  • Figure 92: Potential addressable market for graphene in photovoltaics……………………………………………………….. 168
  • Figure 93: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………… 169
  • Figure 94: Potential addressable market for graphene in fuel cells……………………………………………………………… 171
  • Figure 95: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 173
  • Figure 96: LG OLED flexible lighting panel……………………………………………………………………………………………. 174
  • Figure 97: Flexible OLED incorporated into automotive headlight………………………………………………………………. 175
  • Figure 98: Potential addressable market for graphene in lighting……………………………………………………………….. 176
  • Figure 99: Demand for graphene in lighting (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………… 177
  • Figure 100: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors……………………………………………. 179
  • Figure 101: Directa Plus Grafysorber…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 181
  • Figure 102: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 182
  • Figure 103: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………. 186
  • Figure 104: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts……………………… 189
  • Figure 105: Graphene anti-smog mask………………………………………………………………………………………………… 189
  • Figure 106: Potential addressable market for graphene in the filtration market………………………………………………. 190
  • Figure 107: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 193
  • Figure 108: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel………………………. 198
  • Figure 109: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis……………………………… 199
  • Figure 110: Connected human body……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 200
  • Figure 111: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor……………………………………………………………………………….. 201
  • Figure 112: Graphene-based E-skin patch……………………………………………………………………………………………. 202
  • Figure 113: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs…………. 204
  • Figure 114: Graphene medical patch…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 204
  • Figure 115: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer…………………………………………………………………………… 205
  • Figure 116: Mimo baby monitor………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 205
  • Figure 117: Nanowire skin hydration patch……………………………………………………………………………………………. 206
  • Figure 118: Wearable sweat sensor…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 206
  • Figure 119: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor…………………………………………………………………………………….. 207
  • Figure 120: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $………………. 209
  • Figure 121: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $………………. 210
  • Figure 122: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in the biomedical and healthcare market……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 212
  • Figure 123: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………. 213
  • Figure 124: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………………… 217
  • Figure 125: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 221
  • Figure 126: GFET sensors………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 225
  • Figure 127: First generation point of care diagnostics……………………………………………………………………………… 226
  • Figure 128: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic………………………………………………………………………….. 227
  • Figure 129: Potential addressable market for graphene in the sensors market………………………………………………. 230
  • Figure 130: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 231
  • Figure 131: Colmar graphene ski jacket……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 237
  • Figure 132: Conductive yarns…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 237
  • Figure 133: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 2013-2030 revenue forecast (million $)…. 238
  • Figure 134 Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel sales by market segment, 2016…………………….. 239
  • Figure 135: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 240
  • Figure 136: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 240
  • Figure 137: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030…………………………………………………………………. 242
  • Figure 138: Demand for graphene in cement (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 245