The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan

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Cellulose nanofibers in Japan

Japan is by a considerable distance the most significant market for cellulose nanofibers (CNF), leading the way in government funding, production capacity and product development. Already commercialized in consumer products, cellulose nanofibers will also greatly impact the composites market in the next few years, compelled by the drive towards sustainability.

Large paper manufacturers such as Nippon Paper and Oji Holdings have established multi-ton cellulose nanofiber production facilities. Large chemical manufacturers are also moving into the market.

Products on the market incorporating cellulose nanofibers include ballpoint pen inks, adult and child diapers, wet wipes, headphone diaphragms and footwear.

Product samples are available for commercial trials and will find wider application in packaging and composites over the next few years. Dai Nippon Printing Co. Ltd., Tentok Paper Works, Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd., Daio Paper Corp., KRI Inc. have all recently announced new products and production initiatives. Domestic production capacity is estimated to exceed 800 tons per annum within the next year.

Revised December 2018 | Price: £500 | 138 pages, 45 tables, 53 figures | Table of contents

Report contents include:

  • Commercial activity in cellulose nanofibers in Japan. Current and planned.
  • Cellulose nanofiber production facilities and capacities.
  • Target markets for cellulose nanofibers in Japan.
  • Producers and product developers including products, production processes, target markets, future plans.
  • 38 company profiles of cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Japan.
The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
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The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
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The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 14

  • 1.1     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15
  • 1.2     Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………. 19
    • 1.2.1       CNF………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
    • 1.2.2       MFC…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
    • 1.2.3       Cellulose nanocrystals………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 21
  • 1.3     Market trends in Japan………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 22
  • 1.4     Japan cellulose nanofibers market size…………………………………………………………………………………….. 23
    • 1.4.1       The market for cellulose nanofibers in 2017 in Japan…………………………………………………………… 23
    • 1.4.2       The market for cellulose nanofibers in Japan 2018………………………………………………………………. 25
    • 1.4.3       CNF/MFC demand in tons, 2015–2030…………………………………………………………………………….. 26

2    RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY…………………………….. 29

3    MARKET STRUCTURE FOR CELLULOSE NANOFIERS IN JAPAN 32

4    REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS IN JAPAN…………………………. 34

5    GOVERNMENT FUNDING IN JAPAN………………………………………. 35

6    CELLULOSE NANOFIBER PRICES…………………………………………. 36

7    MARKETS FOR CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS (CNF) IN JAPAN….. 38

  • 7.1     COMPOSITES MARKET SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
    • 7.1.1       Trends in the composites market and CNF solutions……………………………………………………………. 39
    • 7.1.2       Comparison of CNF to other composite materials……………………………………………………………….. 40
    • 7.1.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
      • 7.1.3.1    By cellulose type……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
    • 7.1.3.2    Applications roadmap……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
  • 7.2     PACKAGING………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
    • 7.2.1       Market trends and CNF solution………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
    • 7.2.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46
      • 7.2.2.1    Anti-bacterial………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
      • 7.2.2.2    Gas barrier…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
    • 7.2.3       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 48
  • 7.3     AUTOMOTIVE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
    • 7.3.1       Market trends and CNF solution………………………………………………………………………………………. 48
    • 7.3.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51
      • 7.3.2.1    Composites……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52
    • 7.3.3       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
  • 7.4     CONSTRUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54
    • 7.4.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 54
    • 7.4.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 55
    • 7.4.3       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 56
  • 7.5     PAPER AND BOARD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
    • 7.5.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
    • 7.5.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
    • 7.5.3       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 57
      • 7.5.3.1    Reinforcing agents…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
      • 7.5.3.2    Transparency and flexibility………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
      • 7.5.3.3    Paper packaging……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
      • 7.5.3.4    Paper coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
      • 7.5.3.5    Anti-microbials………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 59
    • 7.5.4       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 59
  • 7.6     TEXTILES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 60
    • 7.6.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 60
    • 7.6.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 62
    • 7.6.2.1    Sanitary products…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62
    • 7.6.3       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 62
  • 7.7     FILTRATION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
    • 7.7.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
    • 7.7.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 65
      • 7.7.2.1    Nanomaterials in filtration………………………………………………………………………………………….. 65
      • 7.7.2.2    CNF membranes and filters……………………………………………………………………………………….. 66
    • 7.7.3       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 68
  • 7.8     RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
    • 7.8.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 69
      • 7.8.1.1    Food…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
      • 7.8.1.2    Pharmaceuticals……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
      • 7.8.1.3    Cosmetics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
    • 7.8.2       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
  • 7.9     PRINTED AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS……………………………………………………………………………….. 71
    • 7.9.1       Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
    • 7.9.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73
      • 7.9.2.1    Wearable electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74
      • 7.9.2.2    Conductive inks………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78
    • 7.9.3       Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 78

8    CELLULOSE NANOFIBER PRODUCER AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS IN JAPAN…………………………………………………………… 80

9    REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 131

TABLES

  • Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications………………………………… 15
  • Table 2: Markets and applications for nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………. 16
  • Table 3: CNF producer capacities 2018…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 20
  • Table 4: MFC producer capacities 2018…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
  • Table 5: Cellulose nanocrystal producer capacities 2018…………………………………………………………………………… 21
  • Table 6: Market trends in cellulose nanofibers in Japan…………………………………………………………………………….. 22
  • Table 7: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers in Japan…………………………………………. 36
  • Table 8: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in composites market………………………………………………………. 39
  • Table 9: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials………………………………………………… 40
  • Table 10: Applications of nanocellulose in polymer composites by cellulose type…………………………………………….. 41
  • Table 11: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the polymer composites market…………………………………………….. 42
  • Table 12: Examples of antimicrobial immobilization into cellulose nanofibers………………………………………………….. 46
  • Table 13: Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum based materials and other polymers……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
  • Table 14: Japan companies developing nanocellulose products in bio packaging, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
  • Table 15: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers……………………………………………… 50
  • Table 16: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in the automotive industry, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
  • Table 17: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in construction market……………………………………………………. 54
  • Table 18: Comparison of nanocellulose with steel and other materials………………………………………………………….. 55
  • Table 19: Japan companies developing Cellulose nanofibers in construction-Companies and products……………….. 56
  • Table 20: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the paper and board market…………………………………………. 56
  • Table 21: Cellulose nanofibers applications timeline in the paper and board markets……………………………………….. 57
  • Table 22: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paper and board, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59
  • Table 23: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the textiles market……………………………………………………… 60
  • Table 24: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in textiles, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62
  • Table 25: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the filtration market…………………………………………………….. 64
  • Table 26: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the filtration market…………………………………………………………….. 65
  • Table 27: Types of filtration…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 66
  • Table 28: CNF membranes…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
  • Table 29: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in filtration, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
  • Table 30: Cellulose nanofibers applications timeline in the rheology modifiers market………………………………………. 69
  • Table 31: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofiber rheology modifiers………………………………………………. 71
  • Table 32: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the printed and flexible electronics market……………………….. 71
  • Table 33: Cellulose nanofiber applications timeline in flexible electronics………………………………………………………. 73
  • Table 34: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)……………………………………………… 74
  • Table 35: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films……………………………………………………………… 76
  • Table 36: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in paper electronics, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78
  • Table 43: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced in Japan………………………………………….. 80
  • Table 44: Target markets for cellulose nanofiber producers in Japan……………………………………………………………. 81
  • Table 45: Oji Holdings CNF products…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 110

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities 2018……………………………………………………… 19
  • Figure 2: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, percentage……………………………………………………………. 20
  • Figure 3: Cellulose nanofiber transparent sheet………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
  • Figure 4: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)…………………………………………………………. 24
  • Figure 5: CNF products……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24
  • Figure 6: XCNF………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25
  • Figure 7: CNF/MFC market value, by end user market demand, 2015–2030 (Tons)………………………………………… 27
  • Figure 8: Schematic of typical commercialization route for cellulose nanofiber producer……………………………………. 32
  • Figure 9: Volume of industry demand for CNF (external producer usage and external sales), 2017…………………….. 34
  • Figure 10: Example process for producing NFC packaging film…………………………………………………………………… 45
  • Figure 11: Nanomaterials-based automotive components………………………………………………………………………….. 51
  • Figure 12: NFC composite………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 52
  • Figure 13: Nanowood with hierarchically aligned cellulose nanofibrils for insulation…………………………………………. 56
  • Figure 14: CNF deoderant products………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62
  • Figure 15: Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials……………………………………………………………. 74
  • Figure 16:  Cellulose nanofiber films……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75
  • Figure 17: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper……………………………………………………………………………………. 75
  • Figure 18: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF………………………………………………………. 76
  • Figure 19: Foldable nanopaper……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77
  • Figure 20: Foldable nanopaper antenna………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77
  • Figure 21: Paper memory (ReRAM)……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 78
  • Figure 23: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83
  • Figure 24: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric……………………………………………………… 84
  • Figure 25: CNF nonwoven fabric………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 84
  • Figure 26: Ashai Kasei CNF production process………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
  • Figure 27. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process………………………………………………………………………… 89
  • Figure 28. Daicel Corporation CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………… 91
  • Figure 29. CNF-reinforced PP compounds……………………………………………………………………………………………… 93
  • Figure 30. Kirekira! toilet wipes……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94
  • Figure 31. Daio Paper CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………………….. 95
  • Figure 32. DIC Products CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………………. 97
  • Figure 33: Rheocrysta spray……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 99
  • Figure 34. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………………… 100
  • Figure 35: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp………………………………………………………………………………….. 102
  • Figure 36: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic………………………………………………………………………………. 103
  • Figure 37. Nippon Paper CNF production process………………………………………………………………………………….. 105
  • Figure 38: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers…………………………………………………………………………………… 106
  • Figure 39: CNF wet powder………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 107
  • Figure 40: CNF transparent film………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
  • Figure 41. Oji Paper CNF production process………………………………………………………………………………………… 109
  • Figure 42. Seiko PMC CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………………… 112
  • Figure 43: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material……………………………………………………………………… 114
  • Figure 44. BiNFi-s Dry Powder…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 114
  • Figure 45. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet……………………………………………………………. 114
  • Figure 46. Sugino Machine CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………….. 115
  • Figure 47: CNF gel………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119
  • Figure 48: Block nanocellulose material……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 120
  • Figure 49: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)………………… 121
  • Figure 50: Fluorene cellulose ® powder……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 125
  • Figure 51: Silver / CNF composite dispersions………………………………………………………………………………………. 129
  • Figure 52: CNF/nanosilver powder……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
  • Figure 53: CNF resin products……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130