The Nanocellulose Report 2020

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Published February 2020 | 375 pages | 107 tables, 168 figures 

The global nanocellulose market has accelerated over the last few years as producers in Japan and to a lesser extent North America and Europe bring products to market. The development of these remarkable materials has compelled major paper and pulp producers to gravitate their traditonal business towards advanced biorefineries, which have met with initial success and resulted in production capacity increases.

These bio-based materials are abundant, renewable and inexpensive but are extremely strong, durable, and lightweight, non-toxic and are lower cost than other advanced materials and nanomaterials. Used as a materials additive and in composites, nanocellulose will help to drive the global move away from oil-based plastics and products to sustainable, bio-based alternatives.

Nanocellulose (NC) can be derived from a multitude of abundant cellulosic biomass sources such as wood pulp, agricultural crops, organic waste, as well as from bacteria. Properties including high tensile strength, biocompatibility, and high aspect ratio make it attractive to a wide range of markets, from medical to construction to aerospace. As nanocellulose originates from renewable matter, its potential to replace petroleum-derived materials in films, coatings, composites, and packaging are particularly interesting in the wake of current political and societal movements towards reduction of plastic consumption.

Three types of NC are commercially available: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).  In addition to being produced in different ways, these three types also vary in their physico-chemical properties, from size to crystallinity. Most commercially produced NC is CNF, which is produced on a large scale in Japan and on the pilot scale 

Most of the NC being developed for commercial purposes is in the form of CNF. Currently, many NC-based applications are at an early stages, with some applications already  commercially available, mainly in Japan.

Future Markets, Inc., publisher of the first ever market report on Nanocellulose in 2011, presents The Nanocellulose Report 2020, the most comprehensive and up-to date report on nanocellulose currently available, by the world's leading market authority on nanocellulose. Profiling over 90 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by nanocellulose.

Purchasers of The Nanocellulose Report 2020 will receive updates for 12 months (access to online file repository). A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in nanocellulose, The Nanocellulose Report 2020 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of nanocellulose, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current nanocellulose products.
  • Market assessment by nanocellulose type: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).
  • Assessment of nanocellulose by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for use of nanocellulose, technology drawbacks, competing materials, estimated consumption of nanocellulose to 2030 and main OEMs in each market with potential interest in nanocellulose for product integration.
  • Graphical depictions of nanocellulose applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of nanocellulose producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for nanocellulose in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030.
  • In-depth profiles of nanocellulose producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Granbio, Asahi Kasei, Cellucomp, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper, Daio Paper, DKS, Fiberlean, Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. Innventia AB, KRI, Inc., Melodea, Nippon Paper, Oji and many more.
  • 85 cellulose nanofiber company profiles
  • 14 cellulose nanocrystal company profiles
  • 7 bacterial nanocellulose company profiles
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
 

 

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1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1    Why nanocellulose?........................................................................................................................... 25

1.2    The market in 2019............................................................................................................................ 27

1.3    Future global market outlook............................................................................................................. 31

1.4    Global nanocellulose production....................................................................................................... 32

1.4.1      Total global production capacity 2019, by type........................................................................ 33

1.4.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2019, by producer.................................... 33

1.4.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2019................................................... 34

1.4.4      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2019...................................................... 35

1.5    Global nanocellulose market demand, 2018–2030, tons.................................................................. 36

1.6    Market challenges for nanocellulose................................................................................................. 41

1.7    Nanocellulose commercial products.................................................................................................. 42

1.8    Nanocellulose market by region........................................................................................................ 46

1.8.1      Japan........................................................................................................................................ 47

1.8.2      China......................................................................................................................................... 48

1.8.3      Malaysia.................................................................................................................................... 49

1.8.4      Western Europe........................................................................................................................ 49

1.8.5      North America........................................................................................................................... 50

1.9    Global government funding............................................................................................................... 51

2    OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE................................................. 52

2.1    Cellulose............................................................................................................................................ 52

2.2    Nanocellulose.................................................................................................................................... 53

2.3    Properties of nanocellulose............................................................................................................... 53

2.4    Advantages of nanocellulose............................................................................................................. 55

2.5    Manufacture of nanocellulose............................................................................................................ 55

2.6    Production methods........................................................................................................................... 56

2.7    Types of nanocellulose...................................................................................................................... 56

2.7.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)................................................................................................ 59

2.7.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)...................................................................................................... 60

2.7.2.1        Applications..................................................................................................................... 61

2.7.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).................................................................................................. 61

2.7.3.1        Synthesis......................................................................................................................... 62

2.7.3.2        Properties........................................................................................................................ 64

2.7.3.3        Applications..................................................................................................................... 65

2.7.4      Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)................................................................................................. 67

2.7.4.1        Applications..................................................................................................................... 67

2.8    Synthesis........................................................................................................................................... 68

3    APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS............................................................. 71

4    REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS................................................. 74

5    NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN............................................... 78

6    NANOCELLULOSE PRICING........................................................... 81

6.1    Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)................................................................................................................. 81

6.2    Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)........................................................................................................... 82

6.3    Bacterial Nanocellulose (BC)............................................................................................................. 83

7    NANOCELLULOSE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS..................... 84

8    NANOCELLULOSE IN COMPOSITES............................................. 89

8.1    Market overview................................................................................................................................. 89

8.2    Market prospects............................................................................................................................... 90

8.3    Market assessment............................................................................................................................ 91

8.4    Applications map............................................................................................................................... 95

8.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030...................................................................... 96

8.6    Product developer profiles................................................................................................................. 97

9    NANOCELLULOSE IN AUTOMOTIVE............................................. 99

9.1    Market overview................................................................................................................................. 99

9.2    Market prospects............................................................................................................................. 100

9.3    Market assessment.......................................................................................................................... 100

9.4    Applications map............................................................................................................................. 103

9.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030.................................................................... 103

9.6    Product developer profiles............................................................................................................... 105

10 NANOCELLULOSE IN CONSTRUCTION...................................... 109

10.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 109

10.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 109

10.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 110

10.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 113

10.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 114

10.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 115

11 NANOCELLULOSE IN PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING......... 116

11.1       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 116

11.2       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 117

11.3       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 122

11.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 123

11.5       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 124

12 NANOCELLULOSE TEXTILES AND APPAREL............................ 126

12.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 126

12.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 126

12.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 127

12.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 131

12.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 131

12.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 133

13 NANOCELLULOSE IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE............... 134

13.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 134

13.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 135

13.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 136

13.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 141

13.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 142

13.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 144

14 NANOCELLULOSE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS.......................... 146

14.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 146

14.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 146

14.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 147

14.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 150

14.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 151

14.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 152

15 NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROGELS............................................... 154

15.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 154

15.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 154

15.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 155

15.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 157

15.5       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 158

16 NANOCELLULOSE IN OIL AND GAS............................................ 159

16.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 159

16.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 159

16.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 160

16.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 162

16.5       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 163

17 NANOCELLULOSE IN FILTRATION.............................................. 165

17.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 165

17.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 166

17.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 167

17.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 170

17.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 171

17.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 172

18 NANOCELLULOSE IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMA AND FOOD ADDITIVES...................................................... 173

18.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 173

18.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 174

18.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 174

18.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 176

18.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 177

18.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 178

19 OTHER MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE................................ 180

19.1       PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS.................................................. 180

19.1.1    Market assessment................................................................................................................ 180

19.1.2    Product developer profiles...................................................................................................... 183

19.2 NANOCELLULOSE IN 3D PRINTING............................................. 186

19.2.1   Market assessment................................................................................................................ 186

19.2.2    Product developer profiles...................................................................................................... 188

19.3 NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROSPACE............................................. 189

19.3.1    Market assessment................................................................................................................ 189

19.3.2   Product developer profiles...................................................................................................... 190

20 NANOCELLULOSE PRODUCER ANALYSIS................................ 191

20.1       Types of nanocellulose produced, by producer.......................................................................... 191

20.2       Target markets, by nanocellulose producer............................................................................... 193

21 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES....................... 197

22 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCER ANALYSIS... 317

23 BACTERIAL CELLULOSE (BC) COMPANY PROFILES............... 345

24 NANOCELLULOSE RESEARCH GROUPS AND CENTRES......... 350

25 REFERENCES................................................................................ 367

 

Tables

Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications........... 26

Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose...................................................................................... 27

Table 3. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption........................................................................................................................... 31

Table 4: Global demand for nanocellulose in 2019, tons................................................................................ 32

Table 5: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018................................ 33

Table 6. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.................................................... 34

Table 7: MFC production capacities and production process, by producer................................................... 34

Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer......................... 35

Table 9: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total...................... 36

Table 10: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030............................................ 37

Table 11: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.................................................. 39

Table 12: Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose.......................................................................... 41

Table 13: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2019, tons (total excludes MFC)................................ 46

Table 14. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Japan........................................................... 47

Table 15. Nanocellulose research centres, universities and companies in China......................................... 48

Table 16. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Europe......................................................... 49

Table 17. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in North America............................................. 50

Table 18: Properties and applications of nanocellulose................................................................................. 54

Table 19. Properties of nanocellulose, by type............................................................................................... 54

Table 20: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials............................. 56

Table 21. Types of nanocellulose.................................................................................................................... 56

Table 22: Types of nanocellulose.................................................................................................................... 59

Table 23: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)..................................................................................... 61

Table 24. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)..................................................................... 62

Table 25: CNC sources, size and yield........................................................................................................... 64

Table 26: CNC properties................................................................................................................................ 64

Table 27. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials................................................. 65

Table 28: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)............................................................................. 66

Table 29: Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)................................................................................ 67

Table 30: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application................................................. 71

Table 31: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose......................................................................................... 75

Table 32: Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis....................................................................... 78

Table 33: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers................................................. 81

Table 34: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers.............................................. 82

Table 35. Product/price/application matrix of bacterial cellulose (CC) producers.......................................... 83

Table 36: Nanocellulose patents and scientific articles by organisation........................................................ 86

Table 37: Main patent assignees for CNC...................................................................................................... 87

Table 38: Main patent assignees for CNF....................................................................................................... 87

Table 39: Main patent assignees for NCC...................................................................................................... 87

Table 40. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.......................................................................... 89

Table 41. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials........................................... 89

Table 42. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites.................................................................................... 90

Table 43. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.......................................................................................................................... 91

Table 44: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).................................. 96

Table 45: Companies developing nanocellulose composites......................................................................... 97

Table 46. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive........................................................................... 99

Table 47. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive................................................................................... 100

Table 48. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs......................................................................................................................... 100

Table 49: Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons)................. 103

Table 50: Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry................................. 105

Table 51. Market overview for nanocellulose in construction....................................................................... 109

Table 52. Scorecard for nanocellulose in construction................................................................................. 109

Table 53. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials...................................................................... 110

Table 54. Market assessment for nanocellulose in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs....................................................................................................................... 111

Table 55: Market demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons).......................................... 114

Table 56: Companies developing nanocellulose in construction.................................................................. 115

Table 57. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers..................................................................................... 116

Table 58. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging........................................................ 116

Table 59. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs....................................................................... 117

Table 60: Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)...................... 123

Table 61: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board............................................ 124

Table 62. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel........................................................... 126

Table 63. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel..................................................................... 126

Table 64. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.................................................................................... 127

Table 65: Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).............................................................. 131

Table 66: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel....................................... 133

Table 67. Market overview for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare................................................... 134

Table 68. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare............................................................. 135

Table 69. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs............................................................................ 136

Table 70: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)......................... 142

Table 71: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons)........................ 143

Table 72: Nanocellulose product developers in medicine and healthcare................................................... 144

Table 73. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings........................................................... 146

Table 74. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings..................................................................... 146

Table 75. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs.................................................................................... 147

Table 76: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)................................. 151

Table 77: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization..................................................................................................................... 152

Table 78. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels............................................................................. 154

Table 79. Scorecard for nanocellulose in aerogels....................................................................................... 154

Table 80. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs...................................................................................................... 155

Table 81: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons)......................... 157

Table 82: Nanocellulose product developers in aerogels and insulation..................................................... 158

Table 83. Market overview for nanocellulose in oil and gas......................................................................... 159

Table 84. Scorecard for nanocellulose in oil and gas................................................................................... 159

Table 85. Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs......................................................................................................................... 160

Table 86: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)........................... 162

Table 87: Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration...................................................... 163

Table 88. CNF membranes........................................................................................................................... 165

Table 89. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration.............................................................................. 166

Table 90. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration........................................................................................ 166

Table 91. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs......................................................................................................................................... 167

Table 92: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)................................ 171

Table 93: Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration.......................................................... 172

Table 94. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers............................................................. 173

Table 95. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers....................................................................... 174

Table 96. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs............................................................................................................... 174

Table 97: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)............... 177

Table 98: Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers............................................................. 178

Table 99. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)........................................ 180

Table 100. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs................ 181

Table 101: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics............................................................................................................................................... 183

Table 102. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs......................................................................................................................... 186

Table 103: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products....................................................... 188

Table 104. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.......................................................................................................................... 189

Table 105: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace................................ 190

Table 106: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced................................................ 191

Table 107: Target markets, by nanocellulose producer................................................................................ 193

Table 108: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.............................................................................................. 198

Table 109: Oji Holdings CNF products.......................................................................................................... 274

Table 110: CNC producers and production capacities................................................................................. 317

Table 111: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer...................................................................... 318

Table 112. Fibnano properties....................................................................................................................... 348

Figures

Figure 1: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2019............................... 33

Figure 2: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.................... 37

Figure 3: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030............................................. 38

Figure 4: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.................................................. 40

Figure 5: Nanocellulose-based commercial products..................................................................................... 42

Figure 6. Dorayaki........................................................................................................................................... 42

Figure 7. ENASAVE NEXT............................................................................................................................. 43

Figure 8. GEL-KAYANO™.............................................................................................................................. 43

Figure 9. Kirekira! toilet wipes......................................................................................................................... 44

Figure 10. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet................................................................................ 44

Figure 11. SC-3 (B) speakers.......................................................................................................................... 44

Figure 12. SE-MONITOR5 headphones......................................................................................................... 45

Figure 13. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers............................................................................................ 45

Figure 14. "SURISURI" Lotion......................................................................................................................... 45

Figure 15: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2019.......................................................................... 46

Figure 16: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit.................................................................................. 52

Figure 17: Scale of cellulose materials............................................................................................................ 53

Figure 18: Types of nanocellulose.................................................................................................................. 58

Figure 19: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses................................................................ 58

Figure 20: CNF gel.......................................................................................................................................... 60

Figure 21. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals............................................................................................ 62

Figure 22. CNC preparation............................................................................................................................ 62

Figure 23: Extracting CNC from trees............................................................................................................. 64

Figure 24: CNC slurry...................................................................................................................................... 66

Figure 25. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials........................................................ 68

Figure 26. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose............................................................................ 71

Figure 27: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature............................................................................................................................................ 84

Figure 28. Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 2009-2018........................................................ 85

Figure 29:  Nanocellulose patents by field of application................................................................................ 85

Figure 30. Applications of nanocellulose in composites................................................................................. 95

Figure 31: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)................................. 97

Figure 32. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid)................................................................................................ 97

Figure 33: CNF resin products........................................................................................................................ 98

Figure 34. Interior of NCV concept car............................................................................................................ 99

Figure 35. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive................................................................................ 103

Figure 36: Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons)........................... 104

Figure 37: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car................................... 105

Figure 38: CNF composite............................................................................................................................. 106

Figure 39: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins....................................................................... 106

Figure 40. The structure of the CNF-based front hood................................................................................. 107

Figure 41. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project............................................................................................................................. 107

Figure 42. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.................................................................................................................................................................. 110

Figure 43. Applications of nanocellulose in construction.............................................................................. 113

Figure 44: Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)..................................................... 114

Figure 45. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging..................................................... 123

Figure 46: Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)............... 124

Figure 47. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.................................................................. 131

Figure 48: Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons)....................................................... 132

Figure 49: CNF deodorant products.............................................................................................................. 133

Figure 50. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.......................................................... 141

Figure 51: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)........................ 142

Figure 52: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons)........................ 143

Figure 53. Fibnano......................................................................................................................................... 145

Figure 54. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings.................................................................. 150

Figure 55: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)................................ 151

Figure 56. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.................... 153

Figure 57: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons)........................ 158

Figure 58: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons).......................... 163

Figure 59. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery................ 164

Figure 60. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration..................................................................................... 170

Figure 61: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).............................. 171

Figure 62. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw........................................................................................ 172

Figure 63. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers..................................................................... 176

Figure 64: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)............. 177

Figure 65. "SURISURI" products................................................................................................................... 179

Figure 66: Foldable nanopaper antenna....................................................................................................... 181

Figure 67: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF............................................................................. 184

Figure 68. Oji CNF transparent sheets.......................................................................................................... 184

Figure 69. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials......................................................... 185

Figure 70. American Process, Inc. CNF production process........................................................................ 199

Figure 71: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel............................................................................................ 202

Figure 72. MEDICELLU™............................................................................................................................. 202

Figure 73: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.......................................................................................... 204

Figure 74: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet...................................................................................................... 204

Figure 75: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.................................................. 205

Figure 76: CNF nonwoven fabric................................................................................................................... 206

Figure 77. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process........................................................................... 210

Figure 78. nanoforest products...................................................................................................................... 216

Figure 79. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process......................................................................... 217

Figure 80. nanoforest-S................................................................................................................................. 218

Figure 81. nanoforest-PDP............................................................................................................................ 218

Figure 82. nanoforest-MB.............................................................................................................................. 218

Figure 83. Daicel Corporation CNF production process............................................................................... 220

Figure 84. Celish............................................................................................................................................ 221

Figure 85: Trunk lid incorporating CNF......................................................................................................... 222

Figure 86. Daio Paper CNF production process........................................................................................... 223

Figure 87. ELLEX products........................................................................................................................... 224

Figure 88. CNF-reinforced PP compounds................................................................................................... 224

Figure 89. Kirekira! toilet wipes..................................................................................................................... 225

Figure 90. Color CNF..................................................................................................................................... 226

Figure 91. DIC Products CNF production process........................................................................................ 228

Figure 92. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process........................................................................................ 230

Figure 93: Rheocrysta spray......................................................................................................................... 230

Figure 94. DKS CNF products....................................................................................................................... 231

Figure 95: CNF based on citrus peel............................................................................................................. 232

Figure 96. Imerys CNF production process.................................................................................................. 234

Figure 97. Filler Bank CNC products............................................................................................................. 235

Figure 98: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).................................................... 237

Figure 99: CNF products from Furukawa Electric......................................................................................... 238

Figure 100: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.................................................................................................................................................. 239

Figure 101. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer).................................. 240

Figure 102: CNF gel...................................................................................................................................... 241

Figure 103: Block nanocellulose material..................................................................................................... 242

Figure 104: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu...................................................................................... 242

Figure 105. Innventia CNF production process............................................................................................. 244

Figure 106: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant...................................................................... 245

Figure 107. Kami Shoji CNF products........................................................................................................... 248

Figure 108: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins..................................................................... 249

Figure 109: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)... 250

Figure 110. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process................................................................... 251

Figure 111. CNF deodorant........................................................................................................................... 253

Figure 112. Chitin nanofiber product............................................................................................................. 254

Figure 113. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.......................................................................... 255

Figure 114. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder........................................................................................... 256

Figure 115. Cellulomix production process................................................................................................... 257

Figure 116. Nanobase versus conventional products................................................................................... 258

Figure 117. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307............................................................................................................ 258

Figure 118: CNF slurries............................................................................................................................... 259

Figure 119. Range of CNF products............................................................................................................. 260

Figure 120: Nanocell serum product............................................................................................................. 261

Figure 121: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp..................................................................................... 262

Figure 122: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic................................................................................ 262

Figure 123. Nippon Paper CNF production process..................................................................................... 264

Figure 124: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers...................................................................................... 266

Figure 125. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF........................................................................................... 267

Figure 126. CNF paint product...................................................................................................................... 268

Figure 127: CNF wet powder......................................................................................................................... 270

Figure 128: CNF transparent film.................................................................................................................. 270

Figure 129: Transparent CNF sheets............................................................................................................ 271

Figure 130. Oji Paper CNF production process............................................................................................ 272

Figure 131: CNF clear sheets........................................................................................................................ 274

Figure 132: Fluorene cellulose ® powder..................................................................................................... 276

Figure 133. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process................................................................. 277

Figure 134: XCNF.......................................................................................................................................... 279

Figure 135: CNF insulation flat plates........................................................................................................... 281

Figure 136. Seiko PMC CNF production process......................................................................................... 284

Figure 137: Rubber soles incorporating CNF................................................................................................ 286

Figure 138. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.................................................................................. 287

Figure 139. Stora Enso CNF production process......................................................................................... 288

Figure 140. Sugino Machine CNF production process................................................................................. 290

Figure 141: High Pressure Water Jet Process.............................................................................................. 290

Figure 142: 2 wt.% CNF suspension............................................................................................................ 291

Figure 143. BiNFi-s Dry Powder.................................................................................................................... 291

Figure 144. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet......................................................... 292

Figure 145: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material...................................................................... 292

Figure 146: SVILOSA AD CNC products...................................................................................................... 294

Figure 147: Silver / CNF composite dispersions........................................................................................... 298

Figure 148: CNF/nanosilver powder.............................................................................................................. 298

Figure 149: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.................................................................... 299

Figure 150: CNF resin products.................................................................................................................... 301

Figure 151. University of Maine CNF production process............................................................................ 303

Figure 152. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.................................................................................. 305

Figure 153. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process............................................ 307

Figure 154: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF........................................................................... 308

Figure 155. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches................................................................................... 310

Figure 156. VTT CNF production process.................................................................................................... 311

Figure 157: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test................. 312

Figure 158: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.............................. 313

Figure 159. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.................................................................... 315

Figure 160. American Process, Inc. CNF production process...................................................................... 322

Figure 161: R3TM process technology......................................................................................................... 324

Figure 162: Blue Goose CNC Production Process....................................................................................... 325

Figure 163: NCCTM Process........................................................................................................................ 327

Figure 164: Celluforce production process................................................................................................... 328

Figure 165: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:......................................................... 329

Figure 166: Plantrose process....................................................................................................................... 334

Figure 167. University of Maine CNF production process............................................................................ 339

Figure 168. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process............................................ 341

Figure 169. CNC solution.............................................................................................................................. 342

Figure 170: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet........................................................................................... 347

 

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
PDF download.

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
Print edition, including tracked delivery.

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
PDF and print edition, including tracked delivery.

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
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