The Nanocellulose Report 2020

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Published January 2020 | 445 pages | 130 tables, 162 figures 

The global nanocellulose market, encompassing Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) and Microfibrilated Cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and Bacterial cellulose  (BC), has accelerated over the last few years as producers in Japan and to a lesser extent North America and Europe bring products to market. The development of these remarkable materials has compelled major paper and pulp producers to gravitate their traditonal business towards advanced biorefineries, which have met with initial success and resulted in production capacity increases.

These bio-based materials are abundant, renewable and inexpensive but are extremely strong, durable, and lightweight, non-toxic and are lower cost than other advanced materials and nanomaterials. Used as a materials additive and in composites, nanocellulose will help to drive the global move away from oil-based plastics and products to sustainable, bio-based alternatives.

Future Markets, Inc., publisher of the first ever market report on Nanocellulose in 2011, presents The Nanocellulose Report 2020, the most comprehensive and up-to date report on nanocellulose currently available, by the world's leading market authority on nanocellulose. Profiling over 90 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by nanocellulose.

Purchasers of The Nanocellulose Report 2020 will receive updates for 12 months (access to online file repository). A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in nanocellulose, The Nanocellulose Report 2020 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of nanocellulose, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current nanocellulose products.
  • Market assessment by nanocellulose type
  • Assessment of nanocellulose by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for use of nanocellulose, technology drawbacks, competing materials, estimated consumption of nanocellulose to 2030 and main OEMs in each market with potential interest in nanocellulose for product integration.
  • Graphical depictions of nanocellulose applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of nanocellulose producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030.
  • In-depth profiles of nanocellulose producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Granbio, Asahi Kasei, Cellucomp, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper, Daio Paper, DKS, Fiberlean, Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. Innventia AB, KRI, Inc., Melodea, Nippon Paper, Oji and many more.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
 

 

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1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1    Why nanocellulose?

1.2    The market in 2019

1.3    Future global market outlook

1.4    Market opportunities in nanocellulose-: Cellulose nanofibers(CNF), Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and Bacterial cellulose particles (BC)

1.5    Global nanocellulose production

1.5.1      Total global production capacity 2019, by type

1.5.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2019, by producer

1.5.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2019

1.5.4      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2019

1.6    Global nanocellulose market demand, 2018–2030, tons

1.7    Market challenges for nanocellulose

1.8    Nanocellulose commercial products

1.9    Nanocellulose market by region

1.9.1      Japan

1.9.2      China

1.9.3      Malaysia

1.9.4      South Korea

1.9.5      Western Europe

1.9.6      North America

1.10       Global government funding

2 RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY

3 OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE

3.1    Cellulose

3.2    Nanocellulose

3.3    Properties of nanocellulose

3.4    Advantages of nanocellulose

3.5    Manufacture of nanocellulose

3.6    Production methods

3.7    Types of nanocellulose

3.7.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)

3.7.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)

3.7.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)

3.7.4      Bacterial Cellulose (BC)

3.8    Synthesis

4 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

5 NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN

6 NANOCELLULOSE PRICING

6.1    Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)

6.2    Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)

6.3    Bacterial cellulose (BC)

7 NANOCELLULOSE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

8 NANOCELLULOSE IN COMPOSITES

8.1    Market overview

8.2    Market prospects

8.3    Market assessment

8.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

8.5    Product developer profiles

9 NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROSPACE

9.1    Market overview

9.2    Market prospects

9.3    Market assessment

9.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

9.5    Product developer profiles

10 NANOCELLULOSE IN AUTOMOTIVE

10.1       Market overview

10.2       Market prospects

10.3       Market assessment

10.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

10.5       Product developer profiles

11 NANOCELLULOSE IN CONSTRUCTION

11.1       Market overview

11.2       Market prospects

11.3       Market assessment

11.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

11.5       Product developer profiles

12 NANOCELLULOSE IN PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING

12.1       Market overview

12.2       Market prospects

12.3       Market assessment

12.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

12.5       Product developer profiles

13 NANOCELLULOSE IN TEXTILES AND APPAREL

13.1       Market overview

13.2       Market prospects

13.3       Market assessment

13.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

13.5       Product developer profiles

14 NANOCELLULOSE IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE

14.1       Market overview

14.2       Market prospects

14.3       Market assessment

14.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

14.5       Product developer profiles

15 NANOCELLULOSE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS

15.1       Market overview

15.2       Market prospects

15.3       Market assessment

15.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

15.5       Product developer profiles

16 NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROGELS

16.1       Market overview

16.2       Market prospects

16.3       Market assessment

16.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

16.5       Product developer profiles

17 NANOCELLULOSE IN OIL AND GAS

17.1       Market overview

17.2       Market prospects

17.3       Market assessment

17.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

17.5       Product developer profiles

18 NANOCELLULOSE IN FILTRATION

18.1       Market overview

18.2       Market prospects

18.3       Market assessment

18.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

18.5       Product developer profiles

19 NANOCELLULOSE IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMACEUTICALS & FOOD ADDITIVES

19.1       Market overview

19.2       Market prospects

19.3       Market assessment

19.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

19.5       Product developer profiles

20 NANOCELLULOSE IN PRINTED, FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS

20.1       Market overview

20.2       Market prospects

20.3       Market assessment

20.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

20.5       Product developer profiles

21 NANOCELLULOSE IN 3D PRINTING

21.1       Market overview

21.2       Market prospects

21.3       Market assessment

21.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030

21.5       Product developer profiles

22 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES

23 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL COMPANY PROFILES

24 BACTERIAL CELLULOSE PRODUCERS

25 NANOCELLULOSE RESEARCH GROUPS AND CENTRES

26 REFERENCES

 

TABLES

Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications      

Table 2. Market trends in nanocellulose.               

Table 3: Global demand for nanocellulose in 2019, tons. 

Table 4. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.    

Table 5: Markets and applications for nanocellulose.        

Table 6: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application.            

Table 7: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018.      

Table 8. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.               

Table 9: MFC production capacities and production process, by producer.              

Table 10: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.          

Table 11: Nanocellulose (CNF, MFC, NCC) production plants worldwide and production status.     

Table 12: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.       

Table 13: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.      

Table 14: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.             

Table 15: Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose.         

Table 16: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018, tons (total excludes MFC).       

Table 17: Properties and applications of nanocellulose.   

Table 18: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials. 

Table 19: Types of nanocellulose.             

Table 20: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).        

Table 21. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).     

Table 22: CNC sources, size and yield.     

Table 23: CNC properties.            

Table 24. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         

Table 25: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).              

Table 26: Applications of bacterial cellulose (BC).               

Table 27: Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications.       

Table 28: Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications.        

Table 29: Nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications.          

Table 30: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications.             

Table 31. Bacterial cellulose (BC)preparation methods, resulting materials and applications.          

Table 32: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose.          

Table 33: Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis.        

Table 34: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.        

Table 35: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers.    

Table 36. Product/price/application matrix of bacterial cellulose (CC) producers. 

Table 37: Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 1997-2018.      

Table 38: Nanocellulose patents and scientific articles by organisation.    

Table 39: Main patent assignees for CNC.              

Table 40: Main patent assignees for CNF.              

Table 41: Main patent assignees for BCC.               

Table 42. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.         

Table 43. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.   

Table 44. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites.       

Table 45. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 46: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).        

Table 47: Companies developing nanocellulose composites.         

Table 48. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerospace.           

Table 49. Scorecard for nanocellulose in aerospace.         

Table 50. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 51: Demand for nanocellulose in the aerospace and aviation market, 2018-2030 (tons).       

Table 52: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the aircraft and aerospace market.            

Table 53: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace.            

Table 54. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive.        

Table 55. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive.       

Table 56. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 57: Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons).    

Table 58: Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry.        

Table 59. Market overview for nanocellulose in construction.       

Table 60: Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials.        

Table 61. Scorecard for nanocellulose in construction      

Table 62. Market assessment for nanocellulose in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs    

Table 63: Market demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons).    

Table 64: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the construction, building protection and architectural exterior coatings market.              

Table 65: Companies developing nanocellulose in construction.  

Table 66. Market overview for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.          

Table 67. Examples of antimicrobial immobilization into cellulose nanofibers.      

Table 68: Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers. 

Table 69. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.        

Table 70. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.           

Table 71: Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).            

Table 72: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the paper and board market.        

Table 73: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board.       

Table 74. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.         

Table 75. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.       

Table 76. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.       

Table 77: Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).             

Table 78: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons).              

Table 79: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the textiles market.          

Table 80: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel. 

Table 81. Market overview for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.              

Table 82. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.             

Table 83. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.           

Table 84: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons). 

Table 85: Nanocellulose product developers in medicinel and healthcare.               

Table 86. Market overview for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.              

Table 87. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.        

Table 88. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 89: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).          

Table 90: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.          

Table 91. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels.               

Table 92. Scorecard for nanocellulose in aerogels.             

Table 93. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 94: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons).             

Table 95: Nanocellulose product developers in aerogels. 

Table 96. Market overview for nanocellulose in oil and gas.           

Table 97. Scorecard for nanocellulose in oil and gas.         

Table 98. Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 99: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons).  

Table 100: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the oil and gas exploration market.         

Table 101: Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration. 

Table 102. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration.            

Table 103: Types of filtration.      

Table 104: CNF membranes.       

Table 105. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration.          

Table 106. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 107: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).   

Table 108: Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration.     

Table 109. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.        

Table 110. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.      

Table 111. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.           

Table 112: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons).               

Table 113: Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers.         

Table 114. Market overview for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.       

Table 115. Scorecard for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.     

Table 116: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper).              

Table 117: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films.       

Table 118. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs. 

Table 119: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.     

Table 120: Applications of Nanocellulose in 3D printing.  

Table 121. Market overview for nanocellulose in 3D printing.       

Table 122. Scorecard for nanocellulose in 3D printing.     

Table 123. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   

Table 124: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products.     

Table 125: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced.            

Table 126: Target market, by nanocellulose producer.     

Table 127: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.      

Table 128: Oji Holdings CNF products.     

Table 129: CNC producers and production capacities.       

Table 130: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer.       

 

FIGURES

Figure 1: Cellulose nanofiber transparent sheet. 

Figure 2: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).    

Figure 3: XCNF. 

Figure 4: CNF wet powder.          

Figure 5: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018.     

Figure 6: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.        

Figure 7: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.       

Figure 8: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.              

Figure 9: Nanocellulose-based commercial products.       

Figure 10. Dorayaki.        

Figure 11. ENASAVE NEXT.           

Figure 12. GEL-KAYANO™.           

Figure 13. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 

Figure 14. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet. 

Figure 15. SC-3 (B) speakers.       

Figure 16. SE-MONITOR5 headphones.   

Figure 17. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers. 

Figure 18. "SURISURI" Lotion.     

Figure 19: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018.           

Figure 20: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit. 

Figure 21: Scale of cellulose materials.    

Figure 22: Types of nanocellulose.            

Figure 23: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.            

Figure 24: CNF gel.           

Figure 25. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 

Figure 26. CNC preparation.        

Figure 27: Extracting CNC from trees.      

Figure 28: CNC slurry.     

Figure 29: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature.  

Figure 30:  Nanocellulose patents by field of application. 

Figure 31. Applications of nanocellulose in composites.  

Figure 32: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).  

Figure 33. Applications of nanocellulose in aerospace.     

Figure 34: Demand for nanocellulose in the aerospace and aviation market, 2018-2030 (tons).    

Figure 35: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car.             

Figure 36: CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project. 

Figure 37: The structure of the CNF-based front hood.    

Figure 38. Interior of NCV concept car.    

Figure 39: CNF composite.           

Figure 40. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.  

Figure 41: Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons). 

Figure 42: Nanowood with hierarchically aligned cellulose nanofibrils for insulation.          

Figure 43. Applications of nanocellulose in construction. 

Figure 44: Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons). 

Figure 45: Example process for producing CNF packaging film.      

Figure 46. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.   

Figure 47: Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).  

Figure 48: CNF deodorant products.        

Figure 49. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.  

Figure 50: Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).    

Figure 51: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons).              

Figure 52. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.       

Figure 53: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons).          

Figure 54. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.     

Figure 55. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings.   

Figure 56: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).       

Figure 57. Applications of nanocellulose in aerogels.        

Figure 58: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons).            

Figure 59: Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery.    

Figure 60. Applications of nanocellulose in oil and gas.    

Figure 61: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons). 

Figure 62: Nanocellulose virus filter paper.           

Figure 63. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration.        

Figure 64: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).    

Figure 65. Viscosity vs. shear rate of hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) alone, HEC Viscosity of HEC with various concentrations of CNC.  

Figure 66. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers.     

Figure 67: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons). 

Figure 68: Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.          

Figure 69:  Cellulose nanofiber films.       

Figure 70: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper.           

Figure 71: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF.  

Figure 72: Foldable nanopaper. 

Figure 73: Foldable nanopaper antenna. 

Figure 74: Paper memory (ReRAM).         

Figure 75. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers.     

Figure 76: 3D printed CNF in Paper Microfluidics devices.               

Figure 77. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers.     

Figure 78. American Process, Inc. CNF production process.            

Figure 79: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  

Figure 80: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  

Figure 81: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 

Figure 82: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              

Figure 83: CNF nonwoven fabric.               

Figure 84. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.               

Figure 85. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.            

Figure 86. nanoforest-S. 

Figure 87. nanoforest-PDP.        

Figure 88. nanoforest-MB.           

Figure 89. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.    

Figure 90: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   

Figure 91. Daio Paper CNF production process.   

Figure 92. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.          

Figure 93. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 

Figure 94. Color CNF.      

Figure 95. DIC Products CNF production process.               

Figure 96. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 

Figure 97: Rheocrysta spray.       

Figure 98: CNF based on citrus peel.        

Figure 99. Imerys CNF production process.           

Figure 100: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE). 

Figure 101: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.              

Figure 102: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.            

Figure 103: CNF gel.        

Figure 104: Block nanocellulose material.              

Figure 105: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.           

Figure 106. Innventia CNF production process.    

Figure 107: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.       

Figure 108: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.        

Figure 109: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).     

Figure 110. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.      

Figure 111. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.           

Figure 112: CNF slurries.               

Figure 113: Nanocell serum product.       

Figure 114: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.        

Figure 115: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.    

Figure 116. Nippon Paper CNF production process.           

Figure 117: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.          

Figure 118: CNF wet powder.     

Figure 119: CNF transparent film.              

Figure 120: Transparent CNF sheets.       

Figure 121. Oji Paper CNF production process.    

Figure 122: CNF clear sheets.      

Figure 123: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.              

Figure 124. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.  

Figure 125: XCNF.            

Figure 126: CNF insulation flat plates.     

Figure 127. Seiko PMC CNF production process. 

Figure 128: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.        

Figure 129. Stora Enso CNF production process. 

Figure 130. Sugino Machine CNF production process.      

Figure 131: High Pressure Water Jet Process.      

Figure 132: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.      

Figure 133. BiNFi-s Dry Powder. 

Figure 134. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.          

Figure 135: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.       

Figure 136: SVILOSA AD CNC products.   

Figure 137: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.  

Figure 138: CNF/nanosilver powder.       

Figure 139: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.     

Figure 140: CNF resin products. 

Figure 141. University of Maine CNF production process.               

Figure 142. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.      

Figure 143. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          

Figure 144: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.              

Figure 145. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.        

Figure 146. VTT CNF production process.             

Figure 147: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.    

Figure 148: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.        

Figure 149. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       

Figure 150. American Process, Inc. CNF production process.          

Figure 151: R3TM process technology.   

Figure 152: Blue Goose CNC Production Process.            

Figure 153: NCCTM Process.        

Figure 154: Celluforce production process.           

Figure 155: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:         

Figure 156: Plantrose process.    

Figure 157. University of Maine CNF production process.               

Figure 158. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          

Figure 159: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.               

Figure 160. CNC solution.              

Figure 161: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet.  

Figure 162: Fibnano.       

 

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
PDF download.

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
Print edition, including tracked delivery.

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
PDF and print edition, including tracked delivery.

The Nanocellulose Report 2020
The Nanocellulose Report 2020
Enterprise wide licence. PDF and one print edition.

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