The Global Market for Conductive Inks

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Conductive inks are currently utilized in printed and flexible electronics applications such as radio frequency identification (RFID) antennas, printed transistors and photovoltaic cells. The growth in the internet of things (IoT) will drive the need for cost effective and flexible electronic devices and components.

Conductive inks represents a multi-billion dollar market opportunity over the next decade in markets ranging from flexible electronics to automotive. Not only will demand across all current markets grow but the development of new materials and processes is leading to the creation of new market opportunities for conductive ink producers and suppliers in flexible, customized and 3D printed electronics. Opportunities explored in this report include:

  • Flexible and stretchable electronics.
  • Printed electronics for smartphones (printed antennas, touch screens).
  • Printed circuit boards.
  • 3D printing.
  • Smart packaging.
  • Photovoltaics.

Copper and silver inks will continue to dominate the market for the next few years but growth in flexible electronics necessitates the development of new materials. Conductive ink materials explored in this report include:

  • Silver nanoparticles.
  • Copper nanoparticles.
  • Gold nanoparticles.
  • Carbon nanotubes.
  • Graphene.

Published September 2017 | 120 pages

Report contents include:

  • Conductive inks market forecasts.
  • In depth assessment of conductive ink types including properties, advantages, disadvantages, prospects, applications and revenues.
  • Opportunity assessment by application and market including photovoltaics, touch screens, flexible displays, automotive, 3D printing, sensors, printed circuit boards, electronic textiles and wearables, RFID, printed memory and transistors, printed heaters, conductive pens etc.
  • Latest products.
  • 90 company profiles.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 12

  • 1.1    The evolution of electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
    • 1.1.1     The wearables revolution……………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
    • 1.1.2     Flexible, thin, and large-area form factors………………………………………………………………. 14
    • 1.1.3     From rigid to flexible and stretchable……………………………………………………………………… 16
    • 1.1.4     Organic and printed electronics……………………………………………………………………………… 18
    • 1.1.5     New conductive materials………………………………………………………………………………………. 19

2    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………… 23

3    MATERIALS UTILIZED IN CONDUCTIVE INKS………………………… 24

  • 3.1    Conductive ink types………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24
  • 3.2    Printing methods…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
  • 3.3    Inkjet printing………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
  • 3.4    CARBON NANOTUBES…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
    • 3.4.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
    • 3.4.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics………………………… 28
      • 3.4.2.1       Single-walled carbon nanotubes……………………………………………………………………. 29
    • 3.4.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics…………………………………. 30
  • 3.5    CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS (CP)…………………………………………………………………………………… 32
    • 3.5.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
      • 3.5.1.1       PDMS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
      • 3.5.1.2       PEDOT: PSS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33
    • 3.5.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics………………………… 34
    • 3.5.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics…………………………………. 35
  • 3.6    GRAPHENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
    • 3.6.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
    • 3.6.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics………………………… 38
    • 3.6.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics…………………………………. 40
  • 3.7    METAL NANOPARTICLES (Ag, Cu and Au)………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • 3.7.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
    • 3.7.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics………………………… 43
      • 3.7.2.1       Silver (Ag) nanoparticle ink……………………………………………………………………………. 43
      • 3.7.2.2       Copper (Cu) nanoparticle ink…………………………………………………………………………. 43
      • 3.7.2.3       Gold (Au) nanoparticle ink……………………………………………………………………………… 44
      • 3.7.2.4       Nanowires……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 44
    • 3.7.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics…………………………………. 45

4    THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR CONDUCTIVE INKS……………………. 48

  • 4.1    MARKET DRIVERS……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
  • 4.2    APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 50
    • 4.2.1     Current products…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 50
    • 4.2.2     Advanced materials solutions………………………………………………………………………………… 51
    • 4.2.3     Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
      • 4.2.3.1       RFID………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
      • 4.2.3.2       Smart labels…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
      • 4.2.3.3       Printable sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
      • 4.2.3.4       Printed batteries…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58
      • 4.2.3.5       Printable antennas…………………………………………………………………………………………. 59
      • 4.2.3.6       In-mold electronics………………………………………………………………………………………… 61
      • 4.2.3.7       Printed transistors………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62
  • 4.3    GLOBAL MARKET SIZE………………………………………………………………………………………………… 63
    • 4.3.1     Wearables and IoT…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
    • 4.3.2     Clothing and apparel………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 4.3.3     Healthcare……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73
    • 4.3.4     RFID (Retail)………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75
    • 4.3.5     Energy storage………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77

5    COMPANY PROFILES……………………………………………………………. 81-119 (90 company profiles)

TABLES

  • Table 1: Evolution of wearable devices, 2011-2017……………………………………………………………………. 13
  • Table 2: Advanced materials for printable, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages……………………………………………………………………………………………. 19
  • Table 3: Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE)……………………………………….. 21
  • Table 4: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials……………………………………………………………… 27
  • Table 5: Companies developing carbon nanotubes for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32
  • Table 6: Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications……………………………… 34
  • Table 7: Properties of graphene…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
  • Table 8: Companies developing graphene for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
  • Table 9: Companies developing metal nanoparticles for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
  • Table 10: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable conductive inks…………………………. 48
  • Table 11: Printable electronics products…………………………………………………………………………………….. 50
  • Table 12: Comparative properties of conductive inks…………………………………………………………………. 51
  • Table 13: Applications in conductive inks by type and benefits thereof………………………………………. 52
  • Table 14: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
  • Table 15: Price comparison of thin-film transistor (TFT) electronics technology…………………………. 62
  • Table 16: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types……………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
  • Table 17: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2020, by application, billions $…………….. 67
  • Table 18: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks in wearables and IoT, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………….. 69
  • Table 19: Global market for smart clothing and apparel, 2014-2021, units and revenues (US$)… 71
  • Table 20: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks in clothing and apparel, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate……………………………………………………….. 73
  • Table 21: Potential addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
  • Table 22: Opportunities for advanced materials in printed electronics……………………………………….. 75
  • Table 23: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks in RFID, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………… 76
  • Table 24: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries…………………….. 77
  • Table 25: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks inenergy storage, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate……………………………………………………………………………….. 79

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Evolution of electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
  • Figure 2: Wove Band………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16
  • Figure 3: Wearable graphene medical sensor……………………………………………………………………………. 18
  • Figure 4: Applications timeline for organic and printed electronics……………………………………………… 19
  • Figure 5: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube………………………………………………………………. 29
  • Figure 6: Stretchable SWNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics………………………. 30
  • Figure 7: Graphene layer structure schematic……………………………………………………………………………. 38
  • Figure 8: Flexible graphene touch screen…………………………………………………………………………………… 39
  • Figure 9: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products………………………………………………………………….. 40
  • Figure 10: Foldable graphene E-paper……………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
  • Figure 11: Flexible silver nanowire wearable mesh…………………………………………………………………….. 45
  • Figure 12: BGT Materials graphene ink product…………………………………………………………………………. 56
  • Figure 13: Flexible RFID tag……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
  • Figure 14: Enfucell Printed Battery……………………………………………………………………………………………… 59
  • Figure 15: Graphene printed antenna…………………………………………………………………………………………. 60
  • Figure 16: Printed antennas for aircraft………………………………………………………………………………………. 61
  • Figure 17: Stretchable material for formed an in-molded electronics………………………………………….. 61
  • Figure 18: Wearable patch with a skin-compatible, pressure-sensitive adhesive……………………….. 61
  • Figure 19: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs……………………………………………………………………… 62
  • Figure 20: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2015-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types……………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
  • Figure 21: The market for inkjetable conductive inks 2018-2027………………………………………………… 65
  • Figure 22: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2020, by application, billions $…………… 67
  • Figure 23: Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type, 2012-2025, millions $………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
  • Figure 24: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks in wearables and IoT, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate……………………………………………………….. 70
  • Figure 25: Global smart clothing and apparel market 2014-2021 revenue forecast (million $)…… 71
  • Figure 26: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks in clothing and apparel, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate……………………………………………………….. 72
  • Figure 27: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks in healthcare, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate……………………………………………………………………………….. 74
  • Figure 28: The market for conductive inks in RFID (retail), by conductive ink type, 2018-2027….. 77
  • Figure 29: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2015, by market…………………………. 79
  • Figure 30: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2027, by market…………………………. 79
  • Figure 31: The market for nanomaterials-based conductive inks inenergy storage, by conductive ink type, 2018-2027, conservative estimate……………………………………………………………………………….. 80

 

The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2027
The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2027
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The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2027
The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2027
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The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2027
The Global Market for Conductive Inks to 2027
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