The Global Market for Quantum Dots 2017-2027

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Revised and updated May 2017 | 169 pages | Table of contents

Since their synthesis over 30 years ago, Quantum Dots (QDs) have featured in a range of optoelectronic devices, including LCD TVs, light-emitting devices (LEDs), solar cells, photodiodes, thermoelectrics, photoconductors and field-effect transistors, while QD solutions have been used in a number of in vivo and in vitro imaging, sensing and labelling techniques.

Quantum dots market revenues

The global quantum dots (QD) market will be potentially valued at more than $20 billion at the components level by 2027. The optoelectronics market represents the vast majority of this figure, chiefly High Definition TVs. Other notable growth markets include solid-state lighting, sensors and anti-counterfeiting. Further markets that quantum dots will impact include solar and biomedicine. QD solutions have been used in a number of in vivo and in vitro imaging, sensing and labelling techniques.

Quantum dots market producers and product developers

A number of quantum dot producers have developed scalable solution production processes and partner with multi-national OEMs to use QDs in displays for tablets and LCD-TVs. They have collaborated with companies such as Sony, Samsung, 3M, Amazon, Hisense and ASUS to bring QD-enabled display devices to market in the past two years. In early 2017, major manufacturers including Samsung, TPV Philips, TCL and Hisense announced new display products featuring quantum dots.

Quantum dots market drivers

Market drivers for adoption of QDs include growth in consumer demand for high definition displays and TVs at reasonable cost (compared to OLED), growth in the renewable and low-power consumption energy market, need for enhanced sensor and imaging technologies and the growth in the anti-counterfeiting market.

Samsung Electronics has witnessed significant market return from QD-TVs and recently announced investment in developing beyond OLED Quantum Dot LED (QLED) TVs and new initiatives in semiconductors and bio products, under a dedicated R&D unit. LG Display, the main producer of OLED TVs, is expanding its cooperation with QD material manufacturers Nanoco, Nanosys and QD Vision in a project to research new applications of QDs and QLED TVs.

This 169 page analysis report on the quantum dots market including market size, technical status, technologies, applications, prospects, products and companies includes:

  • Types, properties and production methods.
  • Changing market dynamics in the quantum dots market.
  • In-depth market segmentation.
  • Historical, current and projected market size in terms of volume and value.
  • Revenue estimates for quantum dots market to 2027.
  • Recent industry trends and developments.
  • Competitive landscape.
  • Strategies of key players and products offered.
  • Potential and niche segments.
  • Market assessment in displays, including market drivers, commercialization, current and potential market revenues, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in LED lighting, including market drivers, commercialization, current and potential market revenues, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in biotechnology and medicine, including market drivers, commercialization, current and potential market revenues, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in security and anti-counterfeiting, including market drivers, commercialization, current and potential market revenues, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in sensors, including market drivers, commercialization, current and potential market revenues, manufacturing and product development.
  • Over 50 company profiles, fully updated to May 2017. Companies featured include Nano Elements Source LLC, Nanophotonica, Quantum Materials Corporation, Merck, Crystalplex Corporation, Ocean NanoTech LLC, UbiQD, LLC and Nanoco.

If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at info@futuremarketsinc.com or call +44 (0) 207 112 7500.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

2       EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 15

2.1        Growth in LCD-TVS and beyond……………………………………………………………………………….. 15

2.2        Market growth since 2013…………………………………………………………………………………………. 16

2.3        Cadmium vs. cadmium free……………………………………………………………………………………….. 17

2.4        Quantum Dot Revenues……………………………………………………………………………………………. 18

2.5        Market drivers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19

2.5.1     Growth of the high definition displays market in consumer electronics………………… 19

2.5.2     Cheaper than OLED……………………………………………………………………………………………… 19

2.5.3     Growth in the renewable and low-power consumption energy market…………………. 20

2.5.4     Need for improved, easy to use medical diagnostics and imaging………………………. 20

2.5.5     Growth in anti-counterfeiting market……………………………………………………………………… 20

2.5.6     Need for improved sensors…………………………………………………………………………………… 20

2.6        Market challenges……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21

2.6.1     Restrictions on cadmium……………………………………………………………………………………….. 21

2.6.2     Cost……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 21

2.6.3     Scalability………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21

2.6.4     Competition from OLED in displays………………………………………………………………………. 22

2.6.5     Dispersion and solubility……………………………………………………………………………………….. 22

3       NANOMATERIALS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 23

3.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 23

3.2        Categorization…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24

4       QUANTUM DOTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 25

4.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25

4.2        Synthesis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27

4.3        Types…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 28

4.3.1     Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide and other materials………………………………….. 28

4.3.2     Cadmium free quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………. 29

4.3.3     Graphene quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………….. 29

4.3.3.1      Synthesis………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 31

4.3.3.2      Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32

4.3.3.3      Pricing…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34

4.3.3.4      Producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34

4.3.4     Carbon quantum dots (CQds)……………………………………………………………………………….. 35

4.3.4.1      Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35

4.3.4.2      Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35

4.3.5     Quantum rods………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35

4.3.5.1      Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35

4.3.5.2      Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36

4.3.5.3      Producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36

5       TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL (TRL)………………………………………………………………………. 37

6       QUANTUM DOTS MARKET STRUCTURE………………………………………………………………………. 38

7       QUANTUM DOTS REGULATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………. 40

7.1        Europe……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 40

7.1.1     Cadmium exemption in TVs and lighting………………………………………………………………. 41

7.2        United States……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42

7.2.1     Low Volume Exemption (LVE)………………………………………………………………………………. 42

7.2.2     New Chemicals Program………………………………………………………………………………………. 43

7.3        Asia……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 43

8       MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY END USER MARKET……………………………………………. 44

8.1        Revenues 2013-2027……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46

8.2        Production and prices……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49

8.3        Market for quantum dots, by region…………………………………………………………………………… 49

9       QUANTUM DOTS IN LCD TVS/DISPLAYS……………………………………………………………………….. 51

9.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………….. 51

9.1.1     Improved performance with less power………………………………………………………………… 53

9.1.2     Lower cost compared to OLED……………………………………………………………………………… 53

9.2        Benefits of using quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………. 53

9.2.1     LCDS vs. OLEDs vs. QD-LCDs……………………………………………………………………………… 53

9.2.2     QD-LCD TVs………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56

9.3        Synthesis and manufacturing……………………………………………………………………………………. 57

9.3.1     Integration into LCDs…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 57

9.3.2     On-edge (edge optic)…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 59

9.3.3     On-surface (film)……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59

9.3.4     On-chip………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 60

9.3.5     Quantum rods………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 62

9.3.6     Quantum converters with red phosphors………………………………………………………………. 63

9.4        QD-LCD products………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64

9.4.1     Commercialization timeline for quantum dot display products……………………………… 64

9.5        Industry and research developments 2013-2017……………………………………………………… 67

9.6        Market size and opportunity………………………………………………………………………………………. 69

9.7        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71

10     QUANTUM DOTS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS…………………………………………………………………………… 72

10.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………….. 73

10.1.1       Rising demand for solar power…………………………………………………………………………. 73

10.1.2       Need for cost-effective solar energy for wider adoption……………………………………. 73

10.1.3       Need for new materials to overcome conventional silicon solar cell shortcomings 74

10.2      Benefits of using quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………. 75

10.2.1       Metal—semiconductor/ Schottky QD junction solar cell……………………………………. 76

10.2.2       Silicon/QD Film Hydrid Solar Cells……………………………………………………………………. 77

10.2.3       Silicon/Graphene QD Film Hydrid Solar Cells………………………………………………….. 77

10.2.4       Depleted-heterojunction QD solar cell……………………………………………………………… 77

10.2.5       QD-sensitized solar cells (QDSSC)…………………………………………………………………… 78

10.3      Market challenges……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 80

10.4      Industry and research developments 2013-2017……………………………………………………… 81

10.5      Market size and opportunity………………………………………………………………………………………. 82

10.6      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84

11     QUANTUM DOTS IN LED LIGHTING………………………………………………………………………………… 86

11.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………….. 86

11.1.1       Need to develop low-cost lighting…………………………………………………………………….. 86

11.1.2       Environmental regulation………………………………………………………………………………….. 87

11.1.3       Limited efficiency of phosphors in LEDs…………………………………………………………… 87

11.1.4       Shortcomings with LED lighting technologies…………………………………………………… 87

11.1.5       Improving flexibility……………………………………………………………………………………………. 87

11.1.6       Improving performance and costs of UV-LEDs…………………………………………………. 88

11.2      Benefits of using quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………. 88

11.2.1       Horticultural lighting………………………………………………………………………………………….. 91

11.3      Market challenges……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 91

11.4      Industry and research developments 2013-2017……………………………………………………… 92

11.5      Market size and opportunity………………………………………………………………………………………. 93

11.6      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 95

12     QUANTUM DOTS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE………………………………………………. 96

12.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………….. 97

12.1.1       Modern healthcare demands for novel diagnostic tools…………………………………… 97

12.1.2       Growth in the handheld point-of-care market……………………………………………………. 97

12.1.3       Universal to individualized medicine………………………………………………………………… 98

12.1.4       Growth in the wearable monitoring market……………………………………………………….. 98

12.1.5       Need for improved medical imaging…………………………………………………………………. 98

12.1.6       Need for improved drug delivery………………………………………………………………………. 99

12.1.7       Limitations of conventional treatments……………………………………………………………. 100

12.1.8       Increase in global cancer problem………………………………………………………………….. 100

12.1.9       Shortcomings of chemotherapies……………………………………………………………………. 100

12.2      Benefits of using quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………….. 101

12.2.1       Imaging and diagnostics…………………………………………………………………………………. 101

12.2.1.1    Biomarkers………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 102

12.2.1.2    Photodynamic therapy………………………………………………………………………………… 102

12.2.1.3    Point-of-care……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 102

12.2.2       Drug delivery…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 102

12.3      Market challenges…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 103

12.4      Industry and research developments 2013-2017……………………………………………………. 104

12.5      Market size and opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 104

12.5.1       Imaging and diagnostics…………………………………………………………………………………. 105

12.5.2       Drug delivery…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 105

12.6      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 107

13     QUANTUM DOTS IN SECURITY AND ANTI-COUNTERFEITING………………………………….. 108

13.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………… 108

13.1.1       Growth in counterfeiting and need for improved security……………………………….. 108

13.1.2       Combating counterfeiting in 3D Printing…………………………………………………………. 109

13.1.3       Threat detection and prevention……………………………………………………………………… 109

13.1.4       Increased use of electronic devices in military and security…………………………… 109

13.2      Benefits of using quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………….. 110

13.3      Market size and opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 110

13.4      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 112

14     QUANTUM DOTS IN SENSORS……………………………………………………………………………………… 112

14.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………… 113

14.1.1       Increased demand for chemical and biosensors……………………………………………. 113

14.1.2       Enhanced sensitivity……………………………………………………………………………………….. 113

14.1.3       Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market………………………………. 114

14.2      Benefits of using quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………….. 114

14.2.1       Food sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 115

14.2.2       Chemical and gas sensors……………………………………………………………………………… 115

14.2.3       Biosensors………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 116

14.2.4       Image sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 116

14.3      Market size and opportunity…………………………………………………………………………………….. 117

14.4      Market challenges…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 119

14.5      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 119

15     OTHER MARKETS AND APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………… 119

15.1      Batteries…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 119

15.1.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 119

15.1.2       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 119

15.2      Thermoelectrics……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 120

15.2.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 120

15.2.2       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 121

15.3      Lasers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 121

15.3.1       Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 121

15.4      Photocatalysts…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 122

15.5      Spectrometers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 122

15.6      Quantum computing………………………………………………………………………………………………… 123

16     COMPANY PROFILES…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 124

16.1      Industry collaborations and partnerships………………………………………………………………… 124

16.2      Producers, types of QDs produced and target markets…………………………………………… 127

16.3      Quantum dot producers…………………………………………………………………………………………… 129 (47 company profiles)

16.4      Quantum dot application and product developers………………………………………………….. 155 (12 company profiles)

17     REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 163

 

TABLES

Table 1: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots market…………………………………………….. 15

Table 2: Commercially available quantum dot display products……………………………………………….. 17

Table 3: Total QD-based component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.        18

Table 4: Impact of market drivers for the quantum dots market………………………………………………….. 21

Table 5: Categorization of nanomaterials………………………………………………………………………………….. 24

Table 6: Chemical synthesis of quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………. 27

Table 7: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs……………………………………………… 30

Table 8: Graphene quantum dot producers……………………………………………………………………………….. 34

Table 9: Applications of carbon quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………… 35

Table 10: Quantum rod producers……………………………………………………………………………………………… 36

Table 11: Potential niche markets for QD products……………………………………………………………………. 38

Table 12: Quantum dots market structure………………………………………………………………………………….. 38

Table 13: Markets, benefits and applications of quantum dots………………………………………………….. 44

Table 14: Total QD-based component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.     46

Table 15: Production of quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………….. 49

Table 16: Example prices of quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………… 49

Table 17: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the TV/displays market…………….. 51

Table 18: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the LCD TVs/Displays market……………… 53

Table 19: Advantages and disadvantages of LCDs, OLEDs and QDs………………………………………. 54

Table 20: Approaches for integrating QDs into displays……………………………………………………………. 57

Table 21: Commercialization timeline for QD display products…………………………………………………. 64

Table 22: Commercially available quantum dot display products……………………………………………… 66

Table 23: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in LCDs and OLEDs 2013-2017.      67

Table 24: Quantum dots product and application developers in displays…………………………………. 71

Table 25: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the photovoltaics market………….. 72

Table 26: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the photovoltaics market……………………… 74

Table 27: Schottky QD Junction solar cells………………………………………………………………………………… 76

Table 28: Comparison of third generation solar cells………………………………………………………………… 79

Table 29: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar……………………………………………………………. 80

Table 30: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market. 81

Table 31: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in photovoltaics,  2013-2017. 81

Table 32: Total QD photovoltaic component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.       83

Table 33: Quantum dots product and application developers in photovoltaics…………………………. 84

Table 34: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the LED lighting market……………. 86

Table 35: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the LED lighting market……………………….. 88

Table 36: QD-LEDs and External quantum efficiencies (EQE)………………………………………………….. 90

Table 37: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market. 91

Table 38: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in LED lighting 2013-2017.    92

Table 39: Total QD LED lighting component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.       93

Table 40: Quantum dots product and application developers in solid-state lighting…………………. 95

Table 41: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the biotechnology and medicine market.         97

Table 42: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the biotech and medicine market………. 100

Table 43: Market challenges in imaging and diagnostics……………………………………………………….. 103

Table 44: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the medical imaging and diagnostics market.        104

Table 45: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in biotechnology and medicine 2013-2016.           104

Table 46: Total QD revenues in biotechnology and medicine 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.       105

Table 47: Quantum dots product and application developers in biomedicine………………………… 107

Table 48: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the security and anti-counterfeiting  market.    108

Table 49: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the security and anti-counterfeiting market.      109

Table 50: Total QD revenues in anti-counterfeiting and security 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.  111

Table 51: Quantum dots product and application developers in security………………………………… 112

Table 52: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the sensors market…………………. 112

Table 53: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the sensors market……………………………. 114

Table 54: Quantum dot sensors and applications……………………………………………………………………. 114

Table 55: Total QD revenues in sensors 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 118

Table 56: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market.      119

Table 57: Quantum dots product and application developers in sensors……………………………….. 119

Table 58: Quantum dots product and application developers in batteries………………………………. 120

Table 59: Quantum dots product and application developers in thermoelectrics……………………. 121

Table 60: Quantum dots product and application developers in lasers…………………………………… 122

Table 61: Quantum dots collaborations and partnerships……………………………………………………….. 125

Table 62: Product development agreements in quantum dot displays……………………………………. 126

Table 63: Quantum dot producers-Types of dots produced, target markets and estimated revenues.  127

 

 

FIGURES

Figure 1: Total QD component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 19

Figure 2: Quantum dot schematic………………………………………………………………………………………………. 25

Figure 3: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band.  26

Figure 4: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4)………………………………………………………………………….. 31

Figure 5: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………… 33

Figure 6: Graphene quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………………… 33

Figure 7: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for quantum dots……………………………………………….. 37

Figure 8: Total QD component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 47

Figure 9: End user markets for QDs 2015, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 47

Figure 10: End user markets for QDs 2027, %…………………………………………………………………………… 48

Figure 11: Production volumes of quantum dots 2016, by region……………………………………………… 50

Figure 12: Samsung QD-LCD TVs, UHD range…………………………………………………………………………. 52

Figure 13: Samsung QLED TV range………………………………………………………………………………………… 52

Figure 14: Quantum dot LED backlighting schematic………………………………………………………………… 56

Figure 15: Methods for integrating QDs into LCD System. (a) On-chip (b) On-edge. (c) On-surface.     58

Figure 16: On-edge configuration………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59

Figure 17: QD-film integration into a standard LCD display………………………………………………………. 60

Figure 18: QD display market by type 2016., %…………………………………………………………………………. 61

Figure 19: QD display market by type 2027., %…………………………………………………………………………. 62

Figure 20: LCD using Quantum rods (right) versus a standard LCD…………………………………………. 63

Figure 21: Quantum phosphor schematic in LED TV backlight…………………………………………………. 64

Figure 22: Samsung CF791 QD monitor……………………………………………………………………………………. 65

Figure 23: Acer Z271UV Quantum Dot monitor…………………………………………………………………………. 66

Figure 24: QD-TV unit sales 2015-2027…………………………………………………………………………………….. 70

Figure 25: QD Monitor Unit sales 2015-2027…………………………………………………………………………….. 71

Figure 26: QD-LCD supply chain……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 71

Figure 27: (a) Schematic of Schottky barrier quantum dots based solar cell…………………………….. 76

Figure 28: (a) Schematic diagram of Depleted-heterojunction Colloidal Quantum Dots Solar Cells. (b) energy band diagram.     78

Figure 29:  Schematic of QD Solar Cell……………………………………………………………………………………… 78

Figure 30: Doped quantum dot LSC………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79

Figure 31: Total QD photovoltaics component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.    84

Figure 32: Fourth generation QD-LEDs……………………………………………………………………………………… 90

Figure 33: Total QD LED lighting component revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.     94

Figure 34: Total QD revenues in biotechnology and medicine revenues 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 106

Figure 35: Total QD revenues in in anti-counterfeiting and security 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.         111

Figure 36: InVisage QuantumFilm schematic………………………………………………………………………….. 117

Figure 37: Total QD revenues in in sensors 2013-2027 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates.  118

Figure 38: StoreDot battery charger…………………………………………………………………………………………. 120

Figure 39: Schematic of QD laser device…………………………………………………………………………………. 121

Figure 40: Quantum dot spectrometer……………………………………………………………………………………… 122