The Global Market for Quantum Dots (14th Edition)

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Since their synthesis over 30 years ago, Quantum Dots (QDs) have featured in a range of optoelectronic devices, including TVs and displays, light-emitting devices (LEDs), solar cells, photodiodes, thermoelectrics, photoconductors and field-effect transistors, while QD solutions have been used in a number of in vivo and in vitro imaging, sensing and labelling techniques.

The quantum dot market continues to grow in 2019. The market is moving towards more advanced applications of quantum dots in TVs with major producers developing technologies beyond Quantum Dot Enhancement Film (QDEF) such as:

  • QD Glass on LGP.
  • Quantum dot colour filters (QDCF) for microLEDS and displays.
  • Active Matrix Quantum-dot Light Emitting Diode (AMQLED).
  • Perovskite QDs.
  • Inkjet printed QDs.

Market segments such as micro and mini LEDs,  sensors, lighting, solar windows, anti-counterfeiting and biosciences are growing. The Global Market for Quantum Dots analysis quantum dot suppliers, display manufacturers and OEMs. The global quantum dots (QD) based products market will be potentially valued at more than $35 billion by 2030. The optoelectronics market represents the vast majority of this figure, chiefly High Definition TVs-QLED-TVs.

TV displays still dominate the end user segment for QD-based products with a fast growing market for QD monitors. The use of QDs in solar conversion windows is also being heavily backed this year with a number of companies developing prototypes and funding multi-million dollar investments. The price of large QD-TVs is also falling.

This 245 page analysis report on the quantum dots market is now in its 14th edition (First edition 2009). Contents include:

  • QD types, properties and production methods.
  • Changing market dynamics in the quantum dots market.
  • Analysis of QD market segments and the main players in each segment.
  • Strategic partnerships in the display market
  • Demand for quantum dots in displays, current and forecast.
  • Production costs.
  • Competitive landscape for QDs.
  • Analysis of key players in the quantum dots market-target markets, partnerships and collaborations, production capacities, production technology, sales territory, clients.
  • Applications analysis-applications by industry and product (used as a substitute for already used additive or as a new additive; most prospective QD-containing products/applications for next 1-5 years). Applications assessed for technology and market readiness, and potential market volume in terms of QD consumption by application.
  • Readiness of QD-based solution for each segment. Contribution of ND to improved performance in each application.
  • Market share of QD based display manufacturers.
  • In-depth market segmentation and analysis.
  • Quantum dots application roadmap.
  • Regional analysis.
  • Historical, current and projected market size in terms of volume and value.
  • Revenue estimates for quantum dots market to 2030.
  • Recent industry trends and developments.
  • Competitive landscape.
  • Regulatory issues.
  • Perovskite QDs producers and market.
  • Strategies of key players and products offered.
  • Market revenues forecasts to 2030 and historical figures from 2013.
  • Markets covered: TV displays and smartphone displays, solar cells, security tags, security inks, sensors, quantum dot lasers, quantum dot transistors, photonic crystals, bio-imaging, quantum dot solar windows, biomarkers, solid-material-based memory, thermoelectric materials, quantum dot computers, artificial photosynthesis and light emitting diodes (LEDs).
  • Market assessment in QLED TVs and displays, including market drivers, commercialization, market revenues to 2030, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in LED lighting, including market drivers, commercialization, market revenues to 2030, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in biotechnology and medicine, including market drivers, commercialization, market revenues to 2030, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in security and anti-counterfeiting, including market drivers, commercialization, market revenues to 2030, manufacturing and product development.
  • Market assessment in sensors, including market drivers, commercialization, market revenues to 2030, manufacturing and product development.
  • 105 company profiles.

Published June 26 2019 | 245 pages, 80 tables, 68 figures | Table of contents

The Global Market for Quantum Dots
The Global Market for Quantum Dots
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The Global Market for Quantum Dots to 2030
The Global Market for Quantum Dots to 2030
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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

1    Research scope and methodology…………………………………………. 19

  • 1.1     Report scope………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19
  • 1.2     Market definition………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 19
    • 1.2.1       Categorization…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
  • 1.3     Research methodology………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 21
  • 1.4     Assumptions and limitations……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
  • 1.5     Primary research…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
  • 1.6     Secondary research……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21

2    Executive summary………………………………………………………………. 22

  • 2.1     Growth in high definition TV demand………………………………………………………………………………………… 22
    • 2.1.1       QD advantages and definition of QLED…………………………………………………………………………….. 23
      • 2.1.1.1    QLEDs/QD-OLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
  • 2.2     Market growth since 2013………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24
  • 2.3     QD-TVs market……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
  • 2.4     The Quantum Dot market in 2019……………………………………………………………………………………………. 27
    • 2.4.1       Market segments and main players………………………………………………………………………………….. 27
  • 2.5     Cadmium vs. cadmium free……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 28
    • 2.5.1       Cadmium QDs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28
    • 2.5.2       Cadmium-free QDs………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 28
    • 2.5.3       European commission ban use of cadmium in TVs and displays…………………………………………….. 29
    • 2.5.4       Perovskite quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
    • 2.5.5       Graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30
  • 2.6     Quantum Dot Revenues 2015-2030…………………………………………………………………………………………. 30
  • 2.7     Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 31
  • 2.8     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33

3    Quantum dots………………………………………………………………………. 35

  • 3.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
  • 3.2     Synthesis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
  • 3.3     Types………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38
    • 3.3.1       Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide and other materials…………………………………………………….. 38
    • 3.3.2       Cadmium free quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………………… 38
  • 3.4     Carbon quantum dots (CQds)…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
    • 3.4.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
    • 3.4.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
  • 3.5     Graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
    • 3.5.1       Synthesis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
    • 3.5.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
      • 3.5.2.1    Pricing…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
      • 3.5.2.2    Investment……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 43
  • 3.6     Quantum rods……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 43
    • 3.6.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
    • 3.6.2       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 43

4    Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………….. 44

5    Quantum dots industry analysis……………………………………………. 45

  • 5.1     Key players………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45
  • 5.2     Licensing, collaborations and partnerships…………………………………………………………………………………. 47
  • 5.3     Supply chain……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49

6    Quantum dots regulations…………………………………………………….. 52

  • 6.1     Europe………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52
    • 6.1.1       Cadmium exemption in TVs and lighting……………………………………………………………………………. 53
    • 6.1.2       August 2017 ruling……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53
  • 6.2     United States………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
    • 6.2.1       Low Volume Exemption (LVE)………………………………………………………………………………………… 54
    • 6.2.2       New Chemicals Program……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54
  • 6.3     Asia………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 55

7    Markets for quantum dots……………………………………………………… 56

  • 7.1     Revenues 2013-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
  • 7.2     Production and pricing…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 59
    • 7.2.1       Production capacities……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 60
    • 7.2.2       Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 60
  • 7.3     Target market for quantum dots producers………………………………………………………………………………… 61
  • 7.4     Market for quantum dots, by region………………………………………………………………………………………….. 61

8    Quantum dots in TVs/displays……………………………………………….. 63

  • 8.1     Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 63
    • 8.1     Display performance progress………………………………………………………………………………………………… 65
      • 8.1.1       Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR)…………………………………………………………………… 65
      • 8.1.2       Cd-based QLEDs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 66
      • 8.1.3       Cd-free QLEDs……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
      • 8.1.4       OLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68
        • 8.1.4.1    Fluorescent OLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
        • 8.1.4.2    Thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) OLEDs…………………………………………………… 69
        • 8.1.4.3    Phosphorescent OLEDs (PhOLEDs)……………………………………………………………………………. 70
        • 8.1.4.4    Soluble OLEDs……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
      • 8.1.5       TFT…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
  • 8.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73
    • 8.2.1       LCDS vs. OLEDs vs. QD-LCDs/QLEDs…………………………………………………………………………….. 73
    • 8.2.2       QD-LCD TVs/QLEDs……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 75
    • 8.2.3       Micro-LEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 76
    • 8.2.4       QD colour filter replacement…………………………………………………………………………………………… 76
    • 8.2.5       Non-Cd ELQD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 77
      • 8.2.5.1    CdSe ELQD devices………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77
      • 8.2.5.2    InP-based ELQD devices………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
      • 8.2.5.3    Combination with other nanomaterials………………………………………………………………………….. 79
    • 8.2.6       Inkjet printing………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 79
    • 8.2.7       Perovskite QDs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
    • 8.2.7.1    Perovskite QD producers…………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
  • 8.3     Synthesis and manufacturing………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 82
    • 8.3.1       Production costs………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 82
    • 8.3.2       Integration into LCDs……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84
    • 8.3.3       Types of QD displays and materials used………………………………………………………………………….. 86
      • 8.3.3.1    Amount of QDs/sqm used in displays applications…………………………………………………………… 86
      • 8.3.3.2    On-edge (edge optic)……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 87
      • 8.3.3.3    On-surface (film)……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87
      • 8.3.3.4    QD colour filter (QDF)………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
      • 8.3.3.5    On-chip…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 88
      • 8.3.3.6    Active Matrix Quantum-dot Light Emitting Diode (AMQLED)……………………………………………… 88
      • 8.3.3.7    QD Glass LGP………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 89
      • 8.3.3.8    Quantum dot/OLED hybrid…………………………………………………………………………………………. 89
      • 8.3.3.9    Quantum rods…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 90
      • 8.3.3.10       Quantum converters with red phosphors…………………………………………………………………… 90
      • 8.3.3.11       Electroluminescent (EL)QD displays………………………………………………………………………… 91
    • 8.3.4       Flexible displays………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 91
      • 8.3.4.1    Inkjet printed QD displays………………………………………………………………………………………….. 92
      • 8.3.4.2    Flexible LCDs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
      • 8.3.4.3    Flexible OLEDs (FOLED)………………………………………………………………………………………….. 94
      • 8.3.4.4    Flexible AMOLED……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 95
      • 8.3.4.5    Flexible electrophoretic displays………………………………………………………………………………….. 97
      • 8.3.4.6    Flexible QLEDs……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 97
  • 8.4     QD-LCD products………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 98
    • 8.4.1       Commercialization timeline for quantum dot display products…………………………………………………. 98
  • 8.5     Industry and research developments 2013-2019……………………………………………………………………….. 100
  • 8.6     Quantum dot display partnerships and collaborations…………………………………………………………………. 102
  • 8.7     Global market for quantum dots in TVs and displays…………………………………………………………………… 103
    • 8.7.1       Current quantum dot demand in displays and forecast………………………………………………………… 103
    • 8.7.2       Market share by producers…………………………………………………………………………………………… 104
    • 8.7.3       OLED market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 104
    • 8.7.4       QD-TV unit sales 2016-2030…………………………………………………………………………………………. 104
    • 8.7.5       QD Monitor Unit sales 2015-2030………………………………………………………………………………….. 106
  • 8.8     Quantum dot TV and display companies………………………………………………………………………………….. 107

9    Quantum dots in photovoltaics……………………………………………. 108

  • 9.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 109
  • 9.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 110
    • 9.2.1       Nanomaterials in solar cells………………………………………………………………………………………….. 111
    • 9.2.2       Advantages of quantum dots in photovoltaics……………………………………………………………………. 111
    • 9.2.3       Types of quantum dot solar cells……………………………………………………………………………………. 112
      • 9.2.3.1    Metal—semiconductor/ Schottky QD junction solar cell…………………………………………………… 112
      • 9.2.3.2    Silicon/QD Film Hydrid Solar Cells……………………………………………………………………………… 113
      • 9.2.3.3    Silicon/Graphene QD Film Hydrid Solar Cells……………………………………………………………….. 113
      • 9.2.3.4    Depleted-heterojunction QD solar cell…………………………………………………………………………. 113
      • 9.2.3.5    QD-sensitized solar cells (QDSSC)……………………………………………………………………………. 113
      • 9.2.3.6    Quantum dot solar windows……………………………………………………………………………………… 114
  • 9.3     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 116
  • 9.4     Industry and research developments 2013-2019……………………………………………………………………….. 117
  • 9.5     Global market for quantum dots in photovoltaics………………………………………………………………………… 118
  • 9.6     Quantum dot photovoltaics companies……………………………………………………………………………………. 119

10 Quantum dots in LED lighting……………………………………………… 121

  • 10.1        Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 121
  • 10.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 123
    • 10.2.1     LED lighting………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 123
    • 10.2.2     Horticultural lighting…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 125
  • 10.3        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 126
  • 10.4        Industry and research developments 2013-2019……………………………………………………………………. 126
  • 10.5        Global market for quantum dots in LED lighting…………………………………………………………………….. 127
  • 10.6        Quantum dot lighting companies………………………………………………………………………………………… 129

11 Quantum dots in biotechnology and medicine……………………… 130

  • 11.1        Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 131
  • 11.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 134
    • 11.2.1     Imaging and diagnostics………………………………………………………………………………………………. 135
      • 11.2.1.1       Biomarkers……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 135
      • 11.2.1.2       Photodynamic therapy………………………………………………………………………………………… 135
      • 11.2.1.3       Point-of-care…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 136
    • 11.2.2     Drug delivery…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 136
  • 11.3        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 136
  • 11.4        Global market for quantum dots in biotechnology and medicine………………………………………………… 137
    • 11.4.1     Imaging and diagnostics………………………………………………………………………………………………. 138
    • 11.4.2     Drug delivery…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 138
  • 11.5        Quantum dot biotechnology and medicine companies…………………………………………………………….. 139

12 Quantum dots in security and anti-counterfeiting…………………. 141

  • 12.1        Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 141
  • 12.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 142
  • 12.3        Global market size for quantum dots in security and anti-counterfeiting………………………………………. 143
  • 12.4        Quantum dot security and anti-counterfeiting Companies………………………………………………………… 144

13 Quantum dots in sensors…………………………………………………….. 146

  • 13.1        Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 146
  • 13.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 147
    • 13.2.1     Food sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 148
    • 13.2.2     Chemical and gas sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………. 148
    • 13.2.3     Biosensors……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 149
    • 13.2.4     Image sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 149
  • 13.3        Global market size for quantum dots in sensors…………………………………………………………………….. 150
  • 13.4        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 151
  • 13.5        Quantum dot sensor companies………………………………………………………………………………………… 152

14 Other markets…………………………………………………………………….. 152

  • 14.1        Batteries………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 152
    • 14.1.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 152
    • 14.1.2     Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152
  • 14.2        Thermoelectrics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 153
    • 14.2.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 153
    • 14.2.2     Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153
  • 14.3        QD Lasers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 154
    • 14.3.1     Companies……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 154
  • 14.4        Photocatalysts……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155
  • 14.5        Spectrometers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155
  • 14.6        Electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 155
  • 14.7        Hydrogen production………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 156
  • 14.8        Autonomous vehicles………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 156

15 Quantum dot producer and product developer profiles…………. 157

16 References…………………………………………………………………………. 231

Tables

  • Table 1: Categorization of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
  • Table 2: Market summary for the quantum dots market…………………………………………………………………………….. 22
  • Table 3: Commercially available quantum dot display products…………………………………………………………………… 25
  • Table 4: Quantum dot TVs launched 2017-2019………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
  • Table 5. Main quantum dots markets and main players……………………………………………………………………………… 27
  • Table 6: Total QD-based component revenues 2015-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates……………….. 30
  • Table 7: Market drivers and trends for quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………… 31
  • Table 8: Impact of market drivers for the quantum dots market……………………………………………………………………. 33
  • Table 9: Market challenges for quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
  • Table 10: Chemical synthesis of quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………… 37
  • Table 11: Applications of carbon quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
  • Table 12: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs……………………………………………………………….. 40
  • Table 13: Quantum dot producers-Types of dots produced, target markets and estimated revenues…………………… 45
  • Table 14: Quantum dots collaborations and partnerships…………………………………………………………………………… 48
  • Table 15: Product development agreements in quantum dot displays…………………………………………………………… 49
  • Table 16: Potential niche markets for QD products…………………………………………………………………………………… 50
  • Table 17: Quantum dots market structure………………………………………………………………………………………………. 50
  • Table 18: Markets, benefits and applications of quantum dots…………………………………………………………………….. 56
  • Table 19: Total QD-based component revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates……………… 57
  • Table 20: Production of quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • Table 21: Example prices of quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • Table 22: Target markets for quantum dot producers………………………………………………………………………………… 61
  • Table 23: Market snapshot for quantum dots in TV/displays……………………………………………………………………….. 63
  • Table 24: Market drivers and trends for quantum dots in LCD TVs and Displays…………………………………………….. 64
  • Table 25: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the LCD TVs/Displays market……………………………………… 65
  • Table 26: Device performances of Cd-based QLEDs………………………………………………………………………………… 66
  • Table 27. Device performances of Cd-free QLEDs…………………………………………………………………………………… 67
  • Table 28: Device performances of fluorescent OLEDs………………………………………………………………………………. 68
  • Table 29: Device performances of TADF OLEDs……………………………………………………………………………………… 70
  • Table 30: Device performances of PhOLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
  • Table 31: Device performances of soluble OLEDs……………………………………………………………………………………. 71
  • Table 32: Advantages and disadvantages of LCDs, OLEDs and QDs…………………………………………………………… 74
  • Table 33: Types of QD-TV displays………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 82
  • Table 34: Approaches for integrating QDs into displays…………………………………………………………………………….. 85
  • Table 35: Commercialization timeline for QD display products…………………………………………………………………….. 98
  • Table 36: Commercially available quantum dot display products………………………………………………………………… 100
  • Table 37: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in LCDs and OLEDs 2013-2019…….. 101
  • Table 38. Quantum dot display partnerships and collaborations…………………………………………………………………. 102
  • Table 39: QD-TV unit sales 2016-2030, conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………… 106
  • Table 40: Quantum dots product and application developers in TVs and displays………………………………………….. 107
  • Table 41: Market snapshot for quantum dots in photovoltaics……………………………………………………………………. 109
  • Table 42: Market drivers and trends in quantum dots in photovoltaics…………………………………………………………. 109
  • Table 43: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the photovoltaics market…………………………………………… 110
  • Table 44: Advantages of quantum dots in photovoltaics…………………………………………………………………………… 111
  • Table 45: Schottky QD Junction solar cells……………………………………………………………………………………………. 112
  • Table 46: Comparison of third generation solar cells……………………………………………………………………………….. 114
  • Table 47: Market challenges rating for quantum dots in the solar market……………………………………………………… 116
  • Table 48: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in photovoltaics,  2013-2019…………. 117
  • Table 49: Total QD photovoltaic component revenues 2013-2030 $M), conservative and optimistic estimates……… 118
  • Table 50: Quantum dots product and application developers in photovoltaics……………………………………………….. 120
  • Table 51: Market snapshot for quantum dots in LED lighting…………………………………………………………………….. 121
  • Table 52: Market drivers and trends for quantum dots in LED lighting…………………………………………………………. 121
  • Table 53: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the LED lighting market…………………………………………….. 123
  • Table 54: QD-LEDs and External quantum efficiencies (EQE)…………………………………………………………………… 125
  • Table 55: Market challenges rating for quantum dots in the lighting and UVC market……………………………………… 126
  • Table 56: Commercial development and research highlights in quantum dots in LED lighting 2013-2019……………. 126
  • Table 57: Total QD LED lighting component revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates……. 127
  • Table 58: Quantum dots product and application developers in lighting……………………………………………………….. 129
  • Table 59: Market snapshot for quantum dots in biotechnology and medicine market………………………………………. 131
  • Table 60: Market drivers and trends for quantum dots in biotechnology and medicine…………………………………….. 131
  • Table 61: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the biotech and medicine market………………………………… 134
  • Table 62: Market challenges in imaging and diagnostics………………………………………………………………………….. 137
  • Table 63: Market challenges rating for quantum dots in the medical imaging and diagnostics market…………………. 137
  • Table 64: Total QD revenues in biotechnology and medicine 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 138
  • Table 65: Quantum dots product and application developers in biotechnology and medicine……………………………. 139
  • Table 66: Market snapshot for quantum dots in security and anti-counterfeiting…………………………………………….. 141
  • Table 67: Market drivers and trends for quantum dots in security and anti-counterfeiting…………………………………. 141
  • Table 68: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the security and anti-counterfeiting market……………………. 142
  • Table 69: Total QD revenues in security and anti-counterfeiting 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 143
  • Table 70: Quantum dots product and application developers in security………………………………………………………. 144
  • Table 71: Overall market assessment for the quantum dots in the sensors market…………………………………………. 146
  • Table 72: Market drivers and trends for quantum dots in sensors………………………………………………………………. 146
  • Table 73: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the sensors market………………………………………………….. 147
  • Table 74: Quantum dot sensors and applications……………………………………………………………………………………. 148
  • Table 75: Total QD revenues in sensors 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates………………………. 150
  • Table 76: Market challenges rating for quantum dots in the sensors market…………………………………………………. 151
  • Table 77: Quantum dots product and application developers in sensors………………………………………………………. 152
  • Table 78: Quantum dots product and application developers in batteries……………………………………………………… 153
  • Table 79: Quantum dots product and application developers in thermoelectrics…………………………………………….. 154
  • Table 80: Quantum dots product and application developers in lasers…………………………………………………………. 154

Figures

  • Figure 1: QLED TV from Samsung……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 23
  • Figure 2: 5” QLED prototype with 320×240 (80ppi) resolution and a 14” QLED prototype with 960×540 (80ppi) resolution………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
  • Figure 3: Samsung QDs utilized in 2017 range of QLED TVs……………………………………………………………………… 26
  • Figure 4: UHD HDR cadmium QD TVs………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
  • Figure 5: Perovskite quantum dots under UV light……………………………………………………………………………………. 30
  • Figure 6: Total QD component revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates……………………….. 31
  • Figure 7: Quantum dot schematic…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
  • Figure 8: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band. 36
  • Figure 9: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4)………………………………………………………………………… 40
  • Figure 10: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………. 42
  • Figure 11: Graphene quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
  • Figure 12: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for quantum dots…………………………………………………………………. 44
  • Figure 13: Schematic of typical commercialization route for quantum dots producer………………………………………… 50
  • Figure 14: Total QD component revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates……………………… 58
  • Figure 15: End user markets for QDs 2018, %………………………………………………………………………………………… 59
  • Figure 16: End user markets for QDs 2030, %………………………………………………………………………………………… 59
  • Figure 17: Demand for quantum dots 2017, by region……………………………………………………………………………….. 62
  • Figure 18: Samsung QD-LCD TVs, UHD range……………………………………………………………………………………….. 64
  • Figure 19: Samsung QLED TV range……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
  • Figure 20: Quantum dot LED backlighting schematic………………………………………………………………………………… 76
  • Figure 21: Individual red, green and blue microLED arrays based on quantum dots…………………………………………. 76
  • Figure 22. Ink-jet printed 5-inch AM-QLED display…………………………………………………………………………………… 80
  • Figure 23: Methods for integrating QDs into LCD System. (a) On-chip (b) On-edge. (c) On-surface…………………….. 86
  • Figure 24: On-edge configuration…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
  • Figure 25: QD-film integration into a standard LCD display………………………………………………………………………… 87
  • Figure 26: Inkjet-printed pattern on a QDCF……………………………………………………………………………………………. 88
  • Figure 27: Samsung 8K 65″ QD Glass…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 89
  • Figure 28: Schematic of Quantum Dot on Glass………………………………………………………………………………………. 89
  • Figure 29: QD/OLED hybrid  schematic…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 90
  • Figure 30: LCD using Quantum rods (right) versus a standard LCD……………………………………………………………… 90
  • Figure 31: Quantum phosphor schematic in LED TV backlight……………………………………………………………………. 91
  • Figure 32: The Wall microLED display…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 91
  • Figure 33:  Carbon nanotubes flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 92
  • Figure 34: Ink-jet printed 5-inch AM-QLED display (80 dpi)………………………………………………………………………… 93
  • Figure 35: Flexible LCD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 93
  • Figure 36: “Full ActiveTM Flex”……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94
  • Figure 37: FOLED schematic………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 95
  • Figure 38: Foldable display…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 96
  • Figure 39: Stretchable AMOLED………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 96
  • Figure 40: LGD 12.3” FHD Automotive OLED…………………………………………………………………………………………. 97
  • Figure 41: LECTUM® display………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 97
  • Figure 42: Flexible & stretchable LEDs based on quantum dots………………………………………………………………….. 98
  • Figure 43: Samsung CF791 QD monitor………………………………………………………………………………………………… 99
  • Figure 44: Acer Z271UV Quantum Dot monitor……………………………………………………………………………………….. 99
  • Figure 45: QD-TV unit sales 2016-2030, conservative estimates……………………………………………………………….. 105
  • Figure 46: QD-TV unit sales 2016-2030, optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………. 105
  • Figure 47: QD Monitor Unit sales 2015-2030…………………………………………………………………………………………. 106
  • Figure 48: QD-LCD supply chain………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 107
  • Figure 49: (a) Schematic of Schottky barrier quantum dots based solar cell…………………………………………………. 112
  • Figure 50:  Schematic of QD Solar Cell………………………………………………………………………………………………… 113
  • Figure 51: Doped quantum dot LSC…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 114
  • Figure 52: QD coated solar windows…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 115
  • Figure 53: A layer of highly emissive manganese-doped quantum dots onto the outside surface of the outer glass pane (top layer on the left image below) and a layer of copper indium selenide quantum dots onto the inner surface of the inside (bottom) pane………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 115
  • Figure 54: QDSSC Module………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 116
  • Figure 55: Total QD photovoltaics component revenues 2013-2030 ($100,000s), conservative and optimistic estimates……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 119
  • Figure 56: Fourth generation QD-LEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………… 124
  • Figure 57: Total QD LED lighting component revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates…… 128
  • Figure 58: Total QD revenues in biotechnology and medicine revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 139
  • Figure 59: Total QD revenues in in anti-counterfeiting and security 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 144
  • Figure 60: InVisage QuantumFilm schematic………………………………………………………………………………………… 150
  • Figure 61: Total QD revenues in in sensors 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates………………….. 151
  • Figure 62: StoreDot battery charger…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153
  • Figure 63: Schematic of QD laser device……………………………………………………………………………………………… 154
  • Figure 64: Quantum dot spectrometer………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155
  • Figure 65: InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination……………………….. 171
  • Figure 66: Quantum dots tag on plastic bottle………………………………………………………………………………………… 172
  • Figure 67. QDSSC Module………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 196
  • Figure 68: Quantum dot sheet……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 198