The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031

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Published June 2021 | 125 pages, 18 tables, 33 figures | Table of contents

The increasing concerns of environmental pollution and shortage of petroleum resources have fueled substantial research towards valorization of bio-based polymers. Lignin is the second most abundant renewable biopolymer on Earth and the largest natural source of aromatic monomers. Its industrial use has attracted considerable attention because of its advantages of high carbon content, low cost and bio-renewability. 

Wood pulping and other biorefinery industries extract more than 50 million tonnes of lignin annually, but only ~2% is recovered for utilization in applications. However, it's use as a ‘green’ feedstock for fuels, chemicals, and materials is growing through the commercialization of extraction technologies coupled with transitioning towards biorefinery processes. 

Lignin has mainly been produced as an industrial residue of pulp and paper factories (e.g. a by-product of the Kraft process), and the majority of the several millions tons of lignin produced annually are utilized as a low-cost fuel for power and heat generation. Due to continued greening (i.e. renewable feedstock) of the global economy, new applications are being commercialized. For example, lignin-based renewable functional fillers are used in different rubber applications as a sustainable alternative to carbon black and silica. 

The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031 includes:

  • Market description and future outlook. 
  • Analysis of processes used to extract and refine lignin
  • Production capacities of lignin producers. 
  • In depth analysis of biorefinery lignin production. 
  • Markets and applications for lignin. 
  • Market demand for lignin in metric tonnes, forecast to 2031. 
  • Industry developments 2020-2021. 
  • Profiles of 69 lignin producers. Profiles include company description, products, processes and capacities. Companies profiled include Versalis SpA, Clariant, MetGen Oy, Praj Industries Ltd., Bloom Biorenewables SA, FP Innovations, UPM, Klabin SA, RenCom AB and many more. 

1              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         10

 

2              INTRODUCTION 11

  • 2.1          What is lignin?   11
    • 2.1.1      Lignin structure 12
  • 2.2          Types of lignin    12
    • 2.2.1      Sulfur containing lignin  15
    • 2.2.2      Sulfur-free lignin from biorefinery process            15
  • 2.3          Properties           15
  • 2.4          The lignocellulose biorefinery     18
  • 2.5          Markets and applications              19
  • 2.6          Challenges for using lignin            20

 

3              LIGNIN PRODUCTON PROCESSES              21

  • 3.1          Lignosulphonates            22
  • 3.2          Kraft Lignin          23
    • 3.2.1      LignoBoost process         23
    • 3.2.2      LignoForce method         24
    • 3.2.3      Sequential Liquid Lignin Recovery and Purification             25
    • 3.2.4      A-Recovery+      25
  • 3.3          Soda lignin          26
  • 3.4          Biorefinery lignin              27
    • 3.4.1      Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and  processes    28
  • 3.5          Organosolv lignins            30
  • 3.6          Hydrolytic lignin                31

 

4              MARKETS FOR LIGNIN    32

  • 4.1          Market drivers and trends for lignin         32
  • 4.2          Lignin industry developments 2020-2021               33
  • 4.3          Production capacities     34
    • 4.3.1      Technical lignin availability (dry ton/y)    34
    • 4.3.2      Biomass conversion (Biorefinery)             35
  • 4.4          Estimated consumption of lignin                35
  • 4.5          Prices    36
  • 4.6          Heat and power energy 37
  • 4.7          Pyrolysis and syngas       37
  • 4.8          Aromatic compounds     37
    • 4.8.1      Benzene, toluene and xylene      37
    • 4.8.2      Phenol and phenolic resins          38
    • 4.8.3      Vanillin 39
  • 4.9          Plastics and polymers     39
  • 4.10        Hydrogels            40
  • 4.11        Carbon materials              41
    • 4.11.1    Carbon black      41
    • 4.11.2    Activated carbons            41
    • 4.11.3    Carbon fiber       42
  • 4.12        Concrete             43
  • 4.13        Rubber 43
  • 4.14        Biofuels 44
  • 4.15        Bitumen and Asphalt      44
  • 4.16        Oil and gas          45
  • 4.17        Energy storage  45
    • 4.17.1    Supercapacitors 46
    • 4.17.2    Anodes for lithium-ion batteries 46
    • 4.17.3    Gel electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries                47
    • 4.17.4    Binders for lithium-ion batteries 47
    • 4.17.5    Cathodes for lithium-ion batteries            47
    • 4.17.6    Sodium-ion batteries      48
  • 4.18        Binders, emulsifiers and dispersants        48
  • 4.19        Chelating agents              50
  • 4.20        Ceramics              51
  • 4.21        Automotive interiors      51
  • 4.22        Fire retardants  51
  • 4.23        Antioxidants      52
  • 4.24        Lubricants           52
  • 4.25        Dust control       52

 

5              COMPANY PROFILES       54

  • 5.1          Key players         54
  • 5.2          Aemetis, Inc.      54
  • 5.3          Andritz AG          55
  • 5.4          Anellotech, Inc. 57
  • 5.5          Attis Innovations, llc        58
  • 5.6          Avantium NV     59
  • 5.7          Blue Biofuels, Inc.            61
  • 5.8          Bloom Biorenewables SA              62
  • 5.9          The Borregaard Group   63
  • 5.10        Burgo Group S.p.A.         64
  • 5.11        Cellicon B.V.       64
  • 5.12        CH-Bioforce Oy 65
  • 5.13        Chempolis Oy    66
  • 5.14        CIMV     67
  • 5.15        Clariant AG         68
  • 5.16        Domsjö Fabriker AB         70
  • 5.17        Domtar Paper Company LLC        72
  • 5.18        Enerkem, Inc.    72
  • 5.19        Enviral   73
  • 5.20        FP Innovations  73
  • 5.21        Fraunhofer Center for Chemical-Biotechnological Processes CBP 75
  • 5.22        Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF   76
  • 5.23        Futurity Bio-Ventures Ltd.            76
  • 5.24        G+E GETEC Holding GmbH            77
  • 5.25        Global Bioenergies SA    77
  • 5.26        Graanul Biotech OU        78
  • 5.27        Granbio Technologies    79
  • 5.28        Hexion Inc           81
  • 5.29        Ingevity 82
  • 5.30        Iogen Corporation           83
  • 5.31        Kanteleen Voima             83
  • 5.32        Klabin S.A.           84
  • 5.33        Leaf Resources Ltd.         84
  • 5.34        Lignin Industries               85
  • 5.35        LignoPure GmbH              85
  • 5.36        Lixea      86
  • 5.37        LXP Group GmbH             88
  • 5.38        Mehler Engineered Products GmbH         90
  • 5.39        Metgen Oy         90
  • 5.40        Mobius 92
  • 5.41        NewEnergyBlue LLC        93
  • 5.42        Nippon Paper Industries, Co. Ltd.              94
  • 5.43        Novozymes A/S 96
  • 5.44        ORLEN Południe               96
  • 5.45        Praj Industries Ltd.          97
  • 5.46        PRISMA Renewable Composites 99
  • 5.47        Pure Lignin Environmental Technology Ltd.           100
  • 5.48        Rayonier Advanced Materials     100
  • 5.49        RenFuel               101
  • 5.50        Renmatix             102
  • 5.51        Resolute Forest Products, Inc.    104
  • 5.52        RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB   104
  • 5.53        Sainc Energy Limited       105
  • 5.54        SAPPI Biotech    106
  • 5.55        Sekab E-Technology AB 107
  • 5.56        Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co.              108
  • 5.57        Spero Renewables          109
  • 5.58        St1 Oy   110
  • 5.59        Stora Enso Oyj   110
  • 5.60        SunCoal Industries GmbH             111
  • 5.61        Suzano SA           112
  • 5.62        Sweetwater Energy        113
  • 5.63        TECNARO GmbH               114
  • 5.64        UPM Biochemicals           114
  • 5.65        Valmet Oyj          116
  • 5.66        Versalis SpA        117
  • 5.67        Vertoro 118
  • 5.68        West Fraser Timber Co Ltd.          119
  • 5.69        Xingzhenghe Chemical Co., Ltd.  120

 

6              REFERENCES       121

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Technical lignin types and applications.  13
  • Table 2. Classification of technical lignins.              15
  • Table 3. Lignin content of selected biomass.        16
  • Table 4. Properties of lignins and their applications.          17
  • Table 5. Example markets and applications for lignin.       19
  • Table 6. Processes for lignin production. 21
  • Table 7. Biorefinery feedstocks. 27
  • Table 8. Comparison of pulping and biorefinery lignins.   27
  • Table 9. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and  processes   28
  • Table 10. Market drivers and trends for lignin.     32
  • Table 11. Lignin industry developments 2020-2021.          33
  • Table 12. Production capacities of technical lignin producers.       34
  • Table 13. Production capacities of biorefinery lignin producers.   35
  • Table 14. Estimated consumption of lignin, 2019-2031 (000 MT). 35
  • Table 15. Prices of benzene, toluene, xylene and their derivatives.            38
  • Table 16. Application of lignin in plastics and polymers.  39
  • Table 17. Lignin-derived anodes in lithium batteries.        46
  • Table 18. Application of lignin in binders, emulsifiers and dispersants.      48

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. High purity lignin.          11
  • Figure 2. Lignocellulose architecture.      12
  • Figure 3. Extraction processes to separate lignin from lignocellulosic biomass and corresponding technical lignins.                13
  • Figure 4. The lignocellulose biorefinery. 18
  • Figure 5. LignoBoost process.     24
  • Figure 6. LignoForce system for lignin recovery from black liquor.               25
  • Figure 7. Sequential liquid-lignin recovery and purification (SLPR) system.              25
  • Figure 8. A-Recovery+ chemical recovery concept.            26
  • Figure 9.  Schematic of a biorefinery for production of carriers and chemicals.      28
  • Figure 10. Organosolv lignin.       30
  • Figure 11. Hydrolytic lignin powder.        31
  • Figure 12. Schematic of WISA plywood home.     39
  • Figure 13. Lignin based activated carbon.              41
  • Figure 14. Lignin/celluose precursor.       43
  • Figure 15. ANDRITZ Lignin Recovery process.       57
  • Figure 16. DAWN Technology Process.    60
  • Figure 17. BALI™ technology.      63
  • Figure 18. Pressurized Hot Water Extraction.       66
  • Figure 19. sunliquid® production process.             69
  • Figure 20. Domsjö process.          71
  • Figure 21.  TMP-Bio Process.       74
  • Figure 22. Flow chart of the lignocellulose biorefinery pilot plant in Leuna.             75
  • Figure 23. AVAPTM process.       80
  • Figure 24. GreenPower+™ process.          80
  • Figure 25. BioFlex process.           87
  • Figure 26. LX Process.    89
  • Figure 27. METNIN™ Lignin refining technology. 92
  • Figure 28. Enfinity cellulosic ethanol technology process.               98
  • Figure 29: Plantrose process.      102
  • Figure 30. Hansa lignin.  107
  • Figure 31. UPM biorefinery process.        115
  • Figure 32. The Proesa® Process. 117
  • Figure 33. Goldilocks process and applications.   118

 

 

The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031
The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031
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The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031
The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031
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The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031
The Global Market for Lignin 2021-2031
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