The Graphene Report 2020

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Published February 2020 | 560 pages | 180 tables, 168 figures 

The market for graphene has grown hugely in the past decade, with numerous products now on the market and more to come as graphene producers record steadily increasing revenues and OEMs witnessing significant returns in clothing, sportswear, footwear, tires, batteries etc. Graphene is attracting increasing attention from investors, researchers and industrial players due to exceptional mechanical, electronic, and thermal properties. Graphene is available in multi-ton quantities from many producers and has been identified by many industry sectors as a key materials that will drive future product development in flexible electronics, smart textiles, biosensors, drug delivery, water filtration, supercapacitors and more.

Future Markets, Inc., publisher of the first ever market report on Graphene in 2009 and publisher of Graphene Magazine (www.2dmaterialsmag.com) presents The Graphene Report 2020, the most comprehensive and up-to date report on graphene currently available, by the world's leading market authority on graphene. Profiling over 200 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the  opportunities provided by graphene (other 2D materials are also covered).

Purchasers of the Graphene Report 2020 will receive updates for 12 months (access to online file repository) and also a free 12 issue subscription to Graphene Magazine, including access to back issues. A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in graphene, The Graphene Report 2020 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of graphene, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Assessment of graphene by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2030 and main players.
  • Graphical depictions of graphene applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030. Global graphene market size split by market in 2019 and for each application to 2030.
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global graphene market.
  • In-depth profiles of graphene producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Directa Plus, Global Graphene Group, ZEN Graphene Solutions, HP1 Technologies Ltd, GrapheneCA, Saint Jean Carbon, SafeLi LLC, Versarien, Talga Resources, Archer Materials, Haydale Graphene, Paragraf, Graphenea and many more.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.

 

Download table of contents (PDF)

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1          Why graphene? 

1.1.1      Exceptional properties   

1.1.2      Commercial opportunities           

1.1.3      Collaboration key?          

1.2          The market in 2019          

1.3          Future global market outlook     

1.4          Graphene producers and production capacities  

1.5          Global graphene demand,  2018-2030, tons         

1.6          Graphene market by region         

1.6.1      Asia-Pacific         

1.6.2      North America   

1.6.3      Europe 

1.7          Graphene products         

1.8          Graphene investments  

1.9          Industrial collaborations and licence agreements              

1.10        Graphene market challenges      

2 OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE

2.1          History  

2.2          Types of graphene           

2.3          Properties           

2.4          Graphene Quantum Dots             

2.4.1      Synthesis             

2.4.2      Applications       

2.4.2.1   Optoelectronics, electronics and photonics          

2.4.2.2   Energy  

2.4.2.3   Biomedicine and healthcare        

2.4.2.4   Other    

2.4.3      Pricing   

2.4.4      Producers           

3 GRAPHENE PRODUCTION

3.1          Quality  

3.2          Assessment of graphene production methods    

4 GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICTIONS

5 GRAPHENE PRODUCTION

5.1          Commercial production capacities            

5.2          Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities        

5.2.1      By producer       

5.2.2      By region             

5.3          Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities   

5.3.1      By producer       

5.3.2      Production capacity by region     

5.4          CVD graphene film           

5.4.1      By producer       

5.5          Graphene production issues and challenges         

5.5.1      Oversupply         

5.5.2      Quality  

5.5.3      Large-volume markets   

5.5.4      Commoditisation             

5.5.5      Industrial end-user perspective 

6 GRAPHENE PRICING

6.1          Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene  

6.2          Few-Layer graphene pricing        

6.3          Graphene nanoplatelets pricing 

6.4          Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing               

6.5          Graphene quantum dots pricing 

6.6          Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing           

6.7          Graphene ink     

7 GRAPHENE IN 3D PRINTING

7.1          Market overview             

7.2          Market prospects            

7.3          Market assessment        

7.4          Applications map             

7.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

7.6          Product developers        

8 GRAPHENE IN ADHESIVES

8.1          Market overview             

8.2          Market prospects            

8.3          Market assessment        

8.4          Applications map             

8.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

8.6          Product developers        

9 GRAPHENE IN AUTOMOTIVE

9.1          Market overview             

9.2          Market prospects            

9.3          Market assessment        

9.4          Applications Map             

9.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

9.6          Product developers        

10 GRAPHENE IN AEROSPACE

10.1        Market overview             

10.2        Market prospects            

10.3        Market assessment        

10.4        Applications Map             

10.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

10.6        Product developers        

11 GRAPHENE IN BATTERIES

11.1        Market overview             

11.2        Market prospects            

11.3        Market assessment        

11.4        Applications Map             

11.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

11.6        Product developers        

12 GRAPHENE IN COMPOSITES

12.1        Market overview             

12.2        Fiber-based polymer composite parts     

12.2.1    Market prospects            

12.2.2    Market assessment        

12.2.3    Applications map             

12.3        Metal-matrix composites             

12.3.1    Market assessment        

12.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

12.5        Product developers        

13 GRAPHENE IN CONDUCTIVE INKS

13.1        Market overview             

13.2        Market prospects            

13.3        Market assessment        

13.4        Applications map             

13.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

13.6        Product developers        

14 GRAPHENE IN CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

14.1        Market overview            

14.2        Market prospects            

14.3        Market assessment        

14.3.1    Cement 

14.3.2    Asphalt bitumen               

14.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

14.5        Product developers        

15 GRAPHENE IN ELECTRONICS

15.1        WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS 

15.1.1    Market overview             

15.1.2    Market prospects            

15.1.3    Market assessment        

15.1.4    Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      

15.1.5    Product developers        

15.2        GRAPHENE IN TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 

15.2.1    Market overview           

15.2.2    Market prospects            

15.2.3    Market assessment        

15.2.4    Applications map             

15.2.5    Global market, historical and forecast to 2030     

15.2.6    Product developers       

15.3        GRAPHENE IN MEMORY DEVICES              

15.3.1    Market overview             

15.3.2    Market prospects            

15.3.3    Market assessment       

15.3.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030      

15.3.5    Product developers        

16 GRAPHENE IN FILTRATION

16.1        Market overview            

16.2        Market prospects            

16.3        Market assessment        

16.4        Applications map             

16.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030      

16.6        Product developers       

17 GRAPHENE IN FUEL CELLS

17.1        Market overview             

17.2        Market prospects            

17.3        Market assessment        

17.4        Applications map             

17.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

17.6        Product developers        

18 GRAPHENE IN LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE

18.1        Market overview             

18.2        Market prospects            

18.2.1    Drug delivery     

18.2.2    Imaging and diagnostics 

18.2.3    Implants              

18.2.4    Medical biosensors         

18.2.5    Woundcare        

18.3        Market assessment        

18.4        Applications map             

18.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

18.6        Product developers        

19 GRAPHENE IN LIGHTING

19.1        Market overview             

19.2        Market prospects            

19.3        Market assessment        

19.4        Applications map             

19.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

19.6        Product developers        

20 GRAPHENE IN LUBRICANTS

20.1        Market overview             

20.2        Market prospects            

20.3        Market assessment        

20.4        Applications map             

20.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

20.6        Product developers        

21 GRAPHENE IN OIL AND GAS

21.1        Market overview             

21.2        Market prospects            

21.3        Market assessment        

21.4        Applications map            

21.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

21.6        Product developers        

22 GRAPHENE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS

22.1        Market overview             

22.2        Market prospects            

22.3        Market assessment        

22.4        Applications map             

22.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

22.6        Product developers       

23 GRAPHENE IN PHOTONICS

23.1        Market overview             

23.2        Market prospects            

23.3        Market assessment        

23.4        Applications map             

23.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

23.6        Product developers        

24 GRAPHENE IN PHOTOVOLTAICS

24.1        Market overview             

24.2        Market prospects            

24.3        Market assessment        

24.4        Applications map             

24.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

24.6        Product developers        

25 GRAPHENE IN RUBBER AND TIRES

25.1        Market overview             

25.2        Market prospects            

25.3        Market assessment        

25.4        Applications map             

25.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030      

25.6        Product developers        

26 GRAPHENE IN SENSORS

26.1        Market overview             

26.2        Market prospects            

26.3        Market assessment        

26.4        Applications map             

26.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

26.6        Product developers        

27 GRAPHENE IN SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL

27.1        Market overview             

27.2        Market prospects            

27.3        Market assessment        

27.4        Applications map             

27.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

27.6        Product developers        

28 GRAPHENE IN SUPERCAPACITORS

28.1        Market overview             

28.2        Market prospects            

28.3        Market assessment        

28.4        Applications map             

28.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       

28.6        Product developers        

29 GRAPHENE PRODUCER ASSESSMENT

29.1        Types of graphene produced, by producer            

29.2        Markets targeted, by producer  

29.3        Graphene product developers target markets     

30 GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS (232 profiles)

31 AAPLICATIONS ANALYSIS

32 GRAPHENE EX-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

33 OTHER 2-D MATERIALS

33.1        BOROPHENE    

33.1.1    Properties        

33.1.2    Applications       

33.2        PHOSPHORENE 

33.2.1    Properties           

33.2.1.1                Fabrication methods      

33.2.1.2                Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices              

33.2.2    Applications       

33.2.2.1                Electronics          

33.2.2.2                Batteries              

33.2.2.3                Photodetectors 

33.2.2.4                Sensors 

33.3        GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)    

33.3.1    Properties           

33.3.2    Synthesis             

33.3.3    C2N        

33.3.4    Applications       

33.3.4.1                Electronics          

33.3.4.2                Filtration membranes    

33.3.4.3                Photocatalysts  

33.3.4.4                Batteries (LIBs)  

33.3.4.5                Sensors 

33.4        GERMANENE     

33.4.1    Properties           

33.4.2    Applications       

33.4.2.1                Electronics          

33.4.2.2                Batteries              

33.5        GRAPHDIYNE     

33.5.1    Properties           

33.5.2    Applications       

33.5.2.1                Electronics          

33.5.2.2                Batteries              

33.5.2.3                Separation membranes 

33.5.2.4                Water filtration 

33.5.2.5                Photocatalysts  

33.5.2.6                Photovoltaics     

33.6        GRAPHANE         

33.6.1    Properties           

33.6.2    Applications     

33.6.2.1                Electronics          

33.6.2.2                Hydrogen storage           

33.7        HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE    

33.7.1    Properties           

33.7.2    Applications       

33.7.2.1                Electronics          

33.7.2.2                Fuel cells             

33.7.2.3                Adsorbents       

33.7.2.4                Photodetectors 

33.7.2.5                Textiles 

33.7.2.6                Biomedical          

33.8        MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)          

33.8.1    Properties        

33.8.2    Applications       

33.8.2.1                Electronics          

33.8.2.2                Photovoltaics     

33.8.2.3                Piezoelectrics   

33.8.2.4                Sensors 

33.8.2.5                Filtration            

33.8.2.6                Batteries             

33.8.2.7                Fiber lasers        

33.9        RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)     

33.9.1    Properties          

33.9.2    Applications       

33.9.2.1                Electronics         

33.10     SILICENE             

33.10.1  Properties        

33.10.2  Applications       

33.10.2.1              Electronics          

33.10.2.2              Photovoltaics     

33.10.2.3              Thermoelectrics             

33.10.2.4              Batteries              

33.10.2.5              Sensors 

33.11     STANENE/TINENE         

33.11.1  Properties          

33.11.2  Applications      

33.11.2.1              Electronics        

33.12     TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE 

33.12.1  Properties          

33.12.2  Applications       

33.12.2.1              Electronics      

33.13     ANTIMONENE   

33.13.1  Properties           

33.13.2  Applications       

33.14     DIAMENE            

33.14.1  Properties         

33.14.2  Applications      

33.15     INDIUM SELENIDE        

33.15.1  Properties           

33.15.2  Applications      

33.15.2.1              Electronics         

33.16     COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS        

34 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

35 REFERENCES

TABLES

Table 1. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell into 2020.    

Table 2. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.             

Table 3. Main graphene producers in North America.       

Table 4. Main graphene producers in Europe.      

Table 5: Consumer products incorporating graphene.      

Table 6: Graphene investments and financial agreements.            

Table 7. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.        

Table 8. Graphene market challenges.    

Table 9: Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.             

Table 10. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 

Table 11. Graphene quantum dot producers.      

Table 12. Assessment of graphene production methods. 

Table 13: Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018. 

Table 14. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.            

Table 15: Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2019.   

Table 16: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.          

Table 17: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018.           

Table 18: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.                 

Table 19: CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2010-2018/ 000s m2.                

Table 20: Types of graphene and typical prices.   

Table 21: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   

Table 22: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           

Table 23: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   

Table 24: Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        

Table 25: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  

Table 26: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         

Table 27: Graphene ink pricing by producer.        

Table 28. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing.  

Table 29. Scorecard for graphene in 3D printing. 

Table 30. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing.    

Table 31: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.              

Table 32: Product developers in graphene 3D printing.    

Table 33. Market overview for graphene in adhesives.    

Table 34. Scorecard for graphene in adhesives.  

Table 35. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives.      

Table 36: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.  

Table 37: Product developers in graphene adhesives.      

Table 38. Market overview for graphene in automotive. 

Table 39. Scorecard for graphene in automotive.               

Table 40. Market and applications for graphene in automotive.   

Table 41: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.               

Table 42: Product developers in the graphene automotive market.           

Table 43. Market overview for graphene in aerospace.    

Table 44. Scorecard for graphene in aerospace.  

Table 45. Market and applications for graphene in aerospace.     

Table 46: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030. 

Table 47: Product developers in graphene for aerospace.             

Table 48. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      

Table 49. Scorecard for graphene in batteries.    

Table 50. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.        

Table 51: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               

Table 52: Product developers in graphene batteries.        

Table 53. Market overview for graphene in composites. 

Table 54. Scorecard for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts.            

Table 55. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts.  

Table 56. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites.        

Table 57. Global market for graphene in composites 2018-2030, tons.      

Table 58: Product developers in graphene composites.   

Table 59. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.          

Table 60. Scorecard for graphene in conductive inks.        

Table 61. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.           

Table 62. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       

Table 63: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2027.         

Table 64: Product developers in graphene conductive inks.          

Table 65. Market overview for graphene in construction.               

Table 66. Scorecard for graphene in construction.            

Table 67. Graphene for cement. 

Table 68. Graphene for asphalt bitumen.              

Table 69: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030.            

Table 70: Graphene product developers in construction. 

Table 71. Market overview for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.      

Table 72. Scorecard for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.    

Table 73. Market and applications for graphene in electronics.    

Table 74: Comparison of ITO replacements.       

Table 75: Demand for graphene in flexible electronics, 2018-2030.           

Table 76: Product developers in graphene-based electronics.       

Table 77. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.    

Table 78. Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors.      

Table 79. Scorecard for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.    

Table 80. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.       

Table 81: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.                

Table 82: Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits.        

Table 83. Market overview for graphene in memory devices.       

Table 84. Scorecard for graphene in memory devices.     

Table 85. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices.        

Table 86: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030.  

Table 87: Product developers in graphene memory devices.         

Table 88. Market overview for graphene in filtration.       

Table 89. Scorecard for graphene in filtration.     

Table 90. Market and applications for graphene in filtration.         

Table 91: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.    

Table 92: Graphene companies in filtration.        

Table 93. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells.      

Table 94. Scorecard for graphene in fuel cells.     

Table 95. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells.        

Table 96: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.    

Table 97: Product developers in graphene fuel cells.         

Table 98. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine.    

Table 99. Scorecard for graphene in drug delivery.           

Table 100. Scorecard for graphene in imaging and diagnostics.   

Table 101. Scorecard for graphene in medical implants.  

Table 102. Scorecard for graphene in medical biosensors.              

Table 103. Scorecard for graphene in woundcare.           

Table 104. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine.  

Table 105: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.  

Table 106: Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine.            

Table 107. Market overview for graphene in lighting.       

Table 108. Scorecard for graphene in lighting.      

Table 109. Market and applications for graphene in lighting.        

Table 110: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030.  

Table 111: Product developers in graphene lighting.        

Table 112. Market overview for graphene in lubricants.  

Table 113. Nanomaterial lubricant products.        

Table 114. Scorecard for graphene in lubricants. 

Table 115. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants.   

Table 116: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.               

Table 117: Product developers in graphene lubricants.    

Table 118. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas. 

Table 119. Scorecard for graphene in oil and gas.             

Table 120. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas. 

Table 121: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.              

Table 122: Product developers in graphene oil and gas.   

Table 123. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.               

Table 124. Scorecard for graphene in paints and coatings.             

Table 125. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings. 

Table 126: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.          

Table 127: Product developers in graphene paints and coatings. 

Table 128. Market overview for graphene in photonics.  

Table 129. Scorecard for graphene in photonics. 

Table 130. Market and applications for graphene in photonics.    

Table 131: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030.             

Table 132: Product developers in graphene photonics.    

Table 133. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics.           

Table 134. Scorecard for graphene in photovoltaics.         

Table 135. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics.            

Table 136: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.        

Table 137: Product developers in graphene solar.              

Table 138. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires.      

Table 139. Scorecard for graphene in rubber and tires.    

Table 140. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires.       

Table 141: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.   

Table 142: Product developers in rubber and tires.           

Table 143. Market overview for graphene in sensors.     

Table 144. Scorecard for graphene in sensors.     

Table 145. Market and applications for graphene in sensors.       

Table 146: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.    

Table 147: Product developers in graphene sensors.        

Table 148. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.  

Table 149. Scorecard for graphene in smart textiles and apparel. 

Table 150. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.    

Table 151: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.    

Table 152: Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel.   

Table 153. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.      

Table 154. Scorecard for graphene in supercapacitors.

Table 155: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and     lithium-ion batteries.            

Table 156. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.        

Table 157: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.    

Table 158: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.        

Table 159: Graphene producers and types produced.      

Table 160: Graphene producers target market matrix.     

Table 161: Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix.    

Table 162. Sensor surface.          

Table 163. Market opportunity assessment for main graphene applications.         

Table 164. Ex-graphene producers and product developers.       

Table 165: 2D materials types.   

Table 166: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.            

Table 167: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.           

Table 168: Categorization of nanomaterials.         

FIGURES

 

Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2019.      

Figure 2. Demand for graphene, by market, 2030.             

Figure 3. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.    

Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Low estimate.  

Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Medium estimate.         

Figure 6. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). High estimate. 

Figure 7: Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2019.             

Figure 8: Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2019.  

Figure 9. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.            

Figure 10: Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2019.         

Figure 11: Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2018.       

Figure 12: Graphene layer structure schematic.  

Figure 13: Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.    

Figure 14: Graphite and graphene.           

Figure 15: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.   

Figure 16: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    

Figure 17. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      

Figure 18. Graphene quantum dots.        

Figure 19. Fabrication methods of graphene.       

Figure 20. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.         

Figure 21: (a) Graphene powder production line in The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 

Figure 22. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.        

Figure 23: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018.             

Figure 24. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.           

Figure 25: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.        

Figure 26: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.               

Figure 27: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        

Figure 28. Applications of graphene in 3D printing.            

Figure 29: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.            

Figure 30. CNCTArch lightweight mounting for digital signalling.  

Figure 31. Applications of graphene in adhesives.              

Figure 32: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.              

Figure 33: Graphene Adhesives. 

Figure 34. Applications of graphene in automotive.          

Figure 35: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.        

Figure 36: Supercar incorporating graphene.      

Figure 37. Graphene anti-corrosion primer.         

Figure 38. Graphene-R Brake pads.         

Figure 39: Antistatic graphene tire.         

Figure 40. Graphene engine oil additives.              

Figure 41. Applications of graphene in aerospace.             

Figure 42: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030.               

Figure 43. Orbex Prime rocket.   

Figure 44: Graphene enhanced aircraft cargo container. 129

Figure 45: Graphene aircraft.      

Figure 46. Applications of graphene in batteries. 

Figure 47: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.  

Figure 48. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          

Figure 49. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.           

Figure 50. Real Graphene Powerbank.    

Figure 51. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   

Figure 52. Applications of graphene in composites.          

Figure 53. Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2030.             

Figure 54. Graphene bike.            

Figure 55. Graphene lacrosse equipment.             

Figure 56. Graphene-based suitcase made from recycled plastic. 

Figure 57. Aros Create.  

Figure 58. Grays graphene hockey sticks.               

Figure 59. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.   

Figure 60: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2030.       

Figure 61: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 

Figure 62: Printed graphene conductive ink.         

Figure 63: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.  

Figure 64. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       

Figure 65: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030.           

Figure 66. Graphene asphalt additives.   

Figure 67. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus. 

Figure 68: Demand for graphene in electronics, 2018-2030.            

Figure 69: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application.         

Figure 70. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.               

Figure 71: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.              

Figure 72. Graphene IC in wafer tester.  

Figure 73: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right).      

Figure 74: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030.                

Figure 75. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM).             

Figure 76. Applications of graphene in filtration. 

Figure 77: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.   

Figure 78. Graphene anti-smog mask.     

Figure 79. Graphene filtration membrane.            

Figure 80. Water filer cartridge. 

Figure 81. Applications of graphene in fuel cells. 

Figure 82: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.   

Figure 83. Graphene-based E-skin patch.               

Figure 84. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine               

Figure 85: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.   

Figure 86. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.         

Figure 87: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.            

Figure 88: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor.   

Figure 89. Applications of graphene in lighting.   

Figure 90: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030.  

Figure 91. Graphene LED bulbs. 

Figure 92. Applications of graphene in lubricants.              

Figure 93: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.                

Figure 94. Tricolit spray coating. 

Figure 95. Graphenoil products. 

Figure 96. Applications of graphene in oil and gas.         

Figure 97: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.              

Figure 98: Directa Plus Grafysorber.       

Figure 99: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.              

Figure 100. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating.   

Figure 101: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate.      

Figure 102. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint.              

Figure 103. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand.            

Figure 104. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings.         

Figure 105. Schematic of graphene heat film.       

Figure 106. Applications of graphene in photonics.            

Figure 107: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030.           

Figure 108. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel.                

Figure 109. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics.    

Figure 110: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.       

Figure 111. Graphene coated glass.        

Figure 112. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires.              

Figure 113: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.  

Figure 114. Eagle F1 graphene tire.          

Figure 115. Graphene floor mats.              

Figure 116. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire.             

Figure 117. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring.          

Figure 118. Applications of graphene in sensors. 

Figure 119: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.  

Figure 120. AGILE R100 system. 

Figure 121. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector.           

Figure 122: GFET sensors.           

Figure 123. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light.        

Figure 124. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.           

Figure 125: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.   

Figure 126. Colmar graphene ski jacket. 

Figure 127. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.           

Figure 128. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.    

Figure 129: Inov-8 graphene shoes.        

Figure 130. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.        

Figure 131. Graphene jacket.     

Figure 132. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors. 

Figure 133: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030. 

Figure 134. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.           

Figure 135: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.              

Figure 136. Graphene heating films.        

Figure 137. Graphene flake products.     

Figure 138. AIKA Black-T.              

Figure 139. Printed graphene biosensors.             

Figure 140. Graphene battery schematic.              

Figure 141. Test performance after 6 weeks ACT II according to Scania STD4445.  

Figure 142. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.  

Figure 143. T-FORCE CARDEA ZERO.         

Figure 144: Prototype of Graphene-integrated UF filter cartridge.               

Figure 145: Schematic of 2-D materials.  

Figure 146: Borophene schematic.           

Figure 147: Black phosphorus structure. 

Figure 148: Black Phosphorus crystal.      

Figure 149: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation.                

Figure 150: Graphitic carbon nitride.        

Figure 151: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.         

Figure 152: Schematic of germanene.     

Figure 153: Graphdiyne structure.            

Figure 154: Schematic of Graphane crystal.           

Figure 155: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride.              

Figure 156: BN nanosheet textiles application.    

Figure 157: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide.          

Figure 158: SEM image of MoS2.               

Figure 159: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.              

Figure 160: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.            

Figure 161: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide.          

Figure 162: Silicene structure.    

Figure 163: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.            

Figure 164: Silicene transistor.    

Figure 165: Crystal structure for stanene.              

Figure 166: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111).   

Figure 167: Schematic of tungsten diselenide.     

Figure 168: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe).     

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