The Graphene Report 2020

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Published May 26, 534 pages, 171 tables, 168 figures 

The market for graphene has grown hugely in the past decade, with numerous products now on the market and more to come as graphene producers record steadily increasing revenues and OEMs witnessing significant returns in clothing, sportswear, footwear, tires, batteries etc. Graphene is attracting increasing attention from investors, researchers and industrial players due to exceptional mechanical, electronic, and thermal properties. Graphene is available in multi-ton quantities from many producers and has been identified by many industry sectors as a key materials that will drive future product development in flexible electronics, smart textiles, biosensors, drug delivery, water filtration, supercapacitors and more.

Future Markets, Inc., publisher of the first ever market report on Graphene in 2009 and publisher of Graphene Magazine (www.2dmaterialsmag.com) presents The Graphene Report 2020, the most comprehensive and up-to date report on graphene currently available, by the world's leading market authority on graphene. Profiling over 200 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the  opportunities provided by graphene (other 2D materials are also covered).

Purchasers of the Graphene Report 2020 will receive updates for 12 months (access to online file repository) and also a free 12 issue subscription to Graphene Magazine, including access to back issues. A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in graphene, The Graphene Report 2020 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of graphene, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Assessment of graphene by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2030 and main players.
  • Graphical depictions of graphene applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030. Global graphene market size split by market in 2019 and for each application to 2030.
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global graphene market including collaboration dates. 
  • In-depth profiles of graphene producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Directa Plus, Global Graphene Group, ZEN Graphene Solutions, HP1 Technologies Ltd, GrapheneCA, Saint Jean Carbon, SafeLi LLC, Versarien, Talga Resources, Archer Materials, Haydale Graphene, Paragraf, Graphenea and many more.
  • List of ex-graphene producers. 
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
  • Market impact of COVID-19 pandemic on graphene market, by end user industry. 

 

Download table of contents (PDF)

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   31

  • 1.1          Why graphene? 31
    • 1.1.1      Exceptional properties   31
    • 1.1.2      Commercial opportunities           32
    • 1.1.3      Collaboration key?          32
  • 1.2          The market in 2019          33
  • 1.3          Future global market outlook     35
  • 1.4          Graphene producers and production capacities  37
  • 1.5          Global graphene demand,  2018-2030, tons         39
  • 1.6          Graphene market by region         44
    • 1.6.1      Asia-Pacific         44
    • 1.6.2      North America   47
    • 1.6.3      Europe 48
  • 1.7          Graphene products         50
  • 1.8          Graphene investments  52
  • 1.9          Industrial collaborations and licence agreements              53
  • 1.10        Graphene market challenges      60
  • 1.11        Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic              61

 

2              OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE            63

  • 2.1          History  63
  • 2.2          Types of graphene           64
  • 2.3          Properties           65
  • 2.4          Graphene Quantum Dots             66
    • 2.4.1      Synthesis             68
    • 2.4.2      Applications       69
      • 2.4.2.1   Optoelectronics, electronics and photonics          69
      • 2.4.2.2   Energy  69
      • 2.4.2.3   Biomedicine and healthcare        69
      • 2.4.2.4   Other    69
  • 2.4.3      Pricing   70
  • 2.4.4      Producers           70

 

3              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             72

  • 3.1          Quality  73
  • 3.2          Assessment of graphene production methods    74

 

4              REGULATIONS   79

  • 4.1          Environmental, health and safety regulation        79
    • 4.1.1      Europe 79
    • 4.1.2      United States     80
    • 4.1.3      Asia-Pacific         81
  • 4.2          Workplace exposure      82

 

5              GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS             84

 

6              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             86

  • 6.1          Commercial production capacities            87
  • 6.2          Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities        88
    • 6.2.1      By producer       88
    • 6.2.2      By region             89
  • 6.3          Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities   90
    • 6.3.1      By producer       91
    • 6.3.2      Production capacity by region     92
  • 6.4          CVD graphene film           93
    • 6.4.1      By producer       93
  • 6.5          Graphene production issues and challenges         94
    • 6.5.1      Oversupply         94
    • 6.5.2      Quality  94
    • 6.5.3      Large-volume markets   95
    • 6.5.4      Commoditisation             95
    • 6.5.5      Industrial end-user perspective 95

 

7              GRAPHENE PRICING       97

  • 7.1          Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene  98
  • 7.2          Few-Layer graphene pricing        100
  • 7.3          Graphene nanoplatelets pricing 101
  • 7.4          Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing               102
  • 7.5          Graphene quantum dots pricing 103
  • 7.6          Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing           104
  • 7.7          Graphene ink     105

 

8              GRAPHENE IN 3D PRINTING        106

  • 8.1          Market overview             106
  • 8.2          Market prospects            106
  • 8.3          Market assessment        107
  • 8.4          Applications map             110
  • 8.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       110
  • 8.6          Product developers        111

 

9              GRAPHENE IN ADHESIVES             114

  • 9.1          Market overview             114
  • 9.2          Market prospects            114
  • 9.3          Market assessment        115
  • 9.4          Applications map             117
  • 9.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       118
  • 9.6          Product developers        119

 

10           GRAPHENE IN AUTOMOTIVE       120

  • 10.1        Market overview             120
  • 10.2        Market prospects            120
  • 10.3        Market assessment        121
  • 10.4        Applications Map             123
  • 10.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       124
  • 10.6        Product developers        125

 

11           GRAPHENE IN AEROSPACE           129

  • 11.1        Market overview             129
  • 11.2        Market prospects            129
  • 11.3        Market assessment        130
  • 11.4        Applications Map             132
  • 11.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       133
  • 11.6        Product developers        134

 

12           GRAPHENE IN BATTERIES              136

  • 12.1        Market overview             136
  • 12.2        Market prospects            136
  • 12.3        Market assessment        137
  • 12.4        Applications Map             141
  • 12.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       141
  • 12.6        Product developers        143

 

13           GRAPHENE IN COMPOSITES        147

  • 13.1        Market overview             147
  • 13.2        Fiber-based polymer composite parts     147
    • 13.2.1    Market prospects            147
    • 13.2.2    Market assessment        148
    • 13.2.3    Applications map             151
  • 13.3        Metal-matrix composites             152
    • 13.3.1    Market assessment        152
  • 13.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       153
  • 13.5        Product developers        154

 

14           GRAPHENE IN CONDUCTIVE INKS              159

  • 14.1        Market overview             159
  • 14.2        Market prospects            159
  • 14.3        Market assessment        160
  • 14.4        Applications map             163
  • 14.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       164
  • 14.6        Product developers        166

 

15           GRAPHENE IN CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS          169

  • 15.1        Market overview             169
  • 15.2        Market prospects            169
  • 15.3        Market assessment        170
    • 15.3.1    Cement 170
    • 15.3.2    Asphalt bitumen               172
  • 15.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       173
  • 15.5        Product developers        174

 

16           GRAPHENE IN ELECTRONICS        176

  • 16.1        WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS 176
    • 16.1.1    Market overview             176
    • 16.1.2    Market prospects            176
    • 16.1.3    Market assessment        177
    • 16.1.4    Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      179
    • 16.1.5    Product developers        181
  • 16.2        GRAPHENE IN TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 183
    • 16.2.1    Market overview             183
    • 16.2.2    Market prospects            183
    • 16.2.3    Market assessment        184
    • 16.2.4    Applications map             186
    • 16.2.5    Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      187
    • 16.2.6    Product developers        188
  • 16.3        GRAPHENE IN MEMORY DEVICES              190
    • 16.3.1    Market overview             190
    • 16.3.2    Market prospects            190
    • 16.3.3    Market assessment        191
    • 16.3.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       193
    • 16.3.5    Product developers        194

 

17           GRAPHENE IN FILTRATION           195

  • 17.1        Market overview             195
  • 17.2        Market prospects            195
  • 17.3        Market assessment        196
  • 17.4        Applications map             200
  • 17.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       201
  • 17.6        Product developers        202

 

18           GRAPHENE IN FUEL CELLS             205

  • 18.1        Market overview             205
  • 18.2        Market prospects            205
  • 18.3        Market assessment        206
  • 18.4        Applications map             209
  • 18.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       210
  • 18.6        Product developers        211

 

19           GRAPHENE IN LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE        212

  • 19.1        Market overview             212
  • 19.2        Market prospects            213
    • 19.2.1    Drug delivery     213
    • 19.2.2    Imaging and diagnostics 213
    • 19.2.3    Implants              214
    • 19.2.4    Medical biosensors         215
    • 19.2.5    Woundcare        215
  • 19.3        Market assessment        216
  • 19.4        Applications map             220
  • 19.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       220
  • 19.6        Product developers        222

 

20           GRAPHENE IN LIGHTING 225

  • 20.1        Market overview             225
  • 20.2        Market prospects            225
  • 20.3        Market assessment        226
  • 20.4        Applications map             228
  • 20.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       228
  • 20.6        Product developers        229

 

21           GRAPHENE IN LUBRICANTS          231

  • 21.1        Market overview             231
  • 21.2        Market prospects            232
  • 21.3        Market assessment        233
  • 21.4        Applications map             235
  • 21.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       235
  • 21.6        Product developers        237

 

22           GRAPHENE IN OIL AND GAS         239

  • 22.1        Market overview             239
  • 22.2        Market prospects            239
  • 22.3        Market assessment        240
  • 22.4        Applications map             242
  • 22.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       242
  • 22.6        Product developers        244

 

23           GRAPHENE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS    245

  • 23.1        Market overview             245
  • 23.2        Market prospects            245
  • 23.3        Market assessment        246
  • 23.4        Applications map             249
  • 23.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       249
  • 23.6        Product developers        251

 

24           GRAPHENE IN PHOTONICS           256

  • 24.1        Market overview             256
  • 24.2        Market prospects            256
  • 24.3        Market assessment        257
  • 24.4        Applications map             260
  • 24.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       260
  • 24.6        Product developers        261

 

25           GRAPHENE IN PHOTOVOLTAICS 263

  • 25.1        Market overview             263
  • 25.2        Market prospects            264
  • 25.3        Market assessment        264
  • 25.4        Applications map             267
  • 25.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       267
  • 25.6        Product developers        268

 

26           GRAPHENE IN RUBBER AND TIRES             270

  • 26.1        Market overview             270
  • 26.2        Market prospects            270
  • 26.3        Market assessment        271
  • 26.4        Applications map             274
  • 26.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       274
  • 26.6        Product developers        276

 

27           GRAPHENE IN SENSORS 278

  • 27.1        Market overview             278
  • 27.2        Market prospects            279
  • 27.3        Market assessment        279
  • 27.4        Applications map             283
  • 27.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       284
  • 27.6        Product developers        285

 

28           GRAPHENE IN SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL     289

  • 28.1        Market overview             289
  • 28.2        Market prospects            289
  • 28.3        Market assessment        290
  • 28.4        Applications map             294
  • 28.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       295
  • 28.6        Product developers        296

 

29           GRAPHENE IN SUPERCAPACITORS            300

  • 29.1        Market overview             300
  • 29.2        Market prospects            300
  • 29.3        Market assessment        301
  • 29.4        Applications map             304
  • 29.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       304
  • 29.6        Product developers        306

 

30           GRAPHENE PRODUCER ASSESSMENT      308

  • 30.1        Types of graphene produced, by producer            308
  • 30.2        Markets targeted, by producer  312
  • 30.3        Graphene product developers target markets     315

 

31           GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS            319 (238 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

32           APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS              467

 

33           GRAPHENE EX-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 473

 

34           OTHER 2-D MATERIALS  485

  • 34.1        BOROPHENE      487
    • 34.1.1    Properties           487
    • 34.1.2    Applications       488
  • 34.2        PHOSPHORENE 489
    • 34.2.1    Properties           489
      • 34.2.1.1                Fabrication methods      490
      • 34.2.1.2                Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices              491
    • 34.2.2    Applications       491
      • 34.2.2.1                Electronics          491
      • 34.2.2.2                Batteries              492
      • 34.2.2.3                Photodetectors 493
      • 34.2.2.4                Sensors 493
  • 34.3        GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)    494
    • 34.3.1    Properties           494
    • 34.3.2    Synthesis             494
    • 34.3.3    C2N        494
    • 34.3.4    Applications       495
      • 34.3.4.1                Electronics          495
      • 34.3.4.2                Filtration membranes    495
      • 34.3.4.3                Photocatalysts  495
      • 34.3.4.4                Batteries (LIBs)  495
      • 34.3.4.5                Sensors 495
  • 34.4        GERMANENE     496
    • 34.4.1    Properties           496
    • 34.4.2    Applications       496
      • 34.4.2.1                Electronics          496
      • 34.4.2.2                Batteries              497
  • 34.5        GRAPHDIYNE     498
    • 34.5.1    Properties           498
    • 34.5.2    Applications       499
      • 34.5.2.1                Electronics          499
      • 34.5.2.2                Batteries              499
      • 34.5.2.3                Separation membranes 499
      • 34.5.2.4                Water filtration 499
      • 34.5.2.5                Photocatalysts  499
      • 34.5.2.6                Photovoltaics     500
  • 34.6        GRAPHANE         500
    • 34.6.1    Properties           500
    • 34.6.2    Applications       500
      • 34.6.2.1                Electronics          501
      • 34.6.2.2                Hydrogen storage            501
  • 34.7        HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE    501
    • 34.7.1    Properties           502
    • 34.7.2    Applications       502
      • 34.7.2.1                Electronics          502
      • 34.7.2.2                Fuel cells              502
      • 34.7.2.3                Adsorbents        502
      • 34.7.2.4                Photodetectors 503
      • 34.7.2.5                Textiles 503
      • 34.7.2.6                Biomedical          503
  • 34.8        MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)            504
    • 34.8.1    Properties           504
    • 34.8.2    Applications       505
      • 34.8.2.1                Electronics          505
      • 34.8.2.2                Photovoltaics     506
      • 34.8.2.3                Piezoelectrics    506
      • 34.8.2.4                Sensors 506
      • 34.8.2.5                Filtration              507
      • 34.8.2.6                Batteries              507
      • 34.8.2.7                Fiber lasers         507
  • 34.9        RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)     507
    • 34.9.1    Properties           507
    • 34.9.2    Applications       508
      • 34.9.2.1                Electronics          508
  • 34.10     SILICENE              508
    • 34.10.1  Properties           508
    • 34.10.2  Applications       509
      • 34.10.2.1              Electronics          509
      • 34.10.2.2              Photovoltaics     510
      • 34.10.2.3              Thermoelectrics               510
      • 34.10.2.4              Batteries              510
      • 34.10.2.5              Sensors 510
  • 34.11     STANENE/TINENE            511
    • 34.11.1  Properties           511
    • 34.11.2  Applications       512
      • 34.11.2.1              Electronics          512
  • 34.12     TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE 513
    • 34.12.1  Properties           513
    • 34.12.2  Applications       513
      • 34.12.2.1              Electronics          513
  • 34.13     ANTIMONENE   514
    • 34.13.1  Properties           514
    • 34.13.2  Applications       514
  • 34.14     DIAMENE            514
    • 34.14.1  Properties           514
    • 34.14.2  Applications       514
  • 34.15     INDIUM SELENIDE            514
    • 34.15.1  Properties           514
    • 34.15.2  Applications       515
      • 34.15.2.1              Electronics          515
  • 34.16     COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS         516

 

35           RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         518

 

36           REFERENCES       524

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell into 2020.     37
  • Table 2. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.              39
  • Table 3. Main graphene producers in North America.       47
  • Table 4. Main graphene producers in Europe.      48
  • Table 5: Consumer products incorporating graphene.      50
  • Table 6: Graphene investments and financial agreements.            52
  • Table 7. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.        54
  • Table 8. Graphene market challenges.    60
  • Table 9. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   61
  • Table 10: Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.            65
  • Table 11. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 67
  • Table 12. Graphene quantum dot producers.      70
  • Table 13. Assessment of graphene production methods. 75
  • Table 14. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Europe. 79
  • Table 15. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in North America. 80
  • Table 16. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Asia-Pacific.        81
  • Table 17: Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018. 84
  • Table 18. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.            86
  • Table 19: Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2019.   88
  • Table 20: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.          89
  • Table 21: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018.           91
  • Table 22: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.                 92
  • Table 23: CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2010-2018/ 000s m2. 93
  • Table 24: Types of graphene and typical prices.   97
  • Table 25: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   99
  • Table 26: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           100
  • Table 27: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   101
  • Table 28: Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        102
  • Table 29: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  104
  • Table 30: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         104
  • Table 31: Graphene ink pricing by producer.        105
  • Table 32. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing.  106
  • Table 33. Scorecard for graphene in 3D printing. 106
  • Table 34. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing.    107
  • Table 35: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.              110
  • Table 36: Product developers in graphene 3D printing.    111
  • Table 37. Market overview for graphene in adhesives.    114
  • Table 38. Scorecard for graphene in adhesives.  114
  • Table 39. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives.      115
  • Table 40: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.  118
  • Table 41: Product developers in graphene adhesives.      119
  • Table 42. Market overview for graphene in automotive. 120
  • Table 43. Scorecard for graphene in automotive.               120
  • Table 44. Market and applications for graphene in automotive.   121
  • Table 45: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.               124
  • Table 46: Product developers in the graphene automotive market.           125
  • Table 47. Market overview for graphene in aerospace.    129
  • Table 48. Scorecard for graphene in aerospace.  129
  • Table 49. Market and applications for graphene in aerospace.     130
  • Table 50: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030. 133
  • Table 51: Product developers in graphene for aerospace.              134
  • Table 52. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      136
  • Table 53. Scorecard for graphene in batteries.    136
  • Table 54. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.        137
  • Table 55: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               141
  • Table 56: Product developers in graphene batteries.        143
  • Table 57. Market overview for graphene in composites. 147
  • Table 58. Scorecard for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts.            147
  • Table 59. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts.  148
  • Table 60. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites.        152
  • Table 61. Global market for graphene in composites 2018-2030, tons.      153
  • Table 62: Product developers in graphene composites.   154
  • Table 63. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.          159
  • Table 64. Scorecard for graphene in conductive inks.        159
  • Table 65. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.           160
  • Table 66. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       163
  • Table 67: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2027.         165
  • Table 68: Product developers in graphene conductive inks.           166
  • Table 69. Market overview for graphene in construction.               169
  • Table 70. Scorecard for graphene in construction.             169
  • Table 71. Graphene for cement. 170
  • Table 72. Graphene for asphalt bitumen.               172
  • Table 73: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030.             173
  • Table 74: Graphene product developers in construction. 174
  • Table 75. Market overview for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.      176
  • Table 76. Scorecard for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.    176
  • Table 77. Market and applications for graphene in electronics.    177
  • Table 78: Comparison of ITO replacements.         179
  • Table 79: Demand for graphene in flexible electronics, 2018-2030.              179
  • Table 80: Product developers in graphene-based electronics.       181
  • Table 81. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.      183
  • Table 82. Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors.      183
  • Table 83. Scorecard for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.    183
  • Table 84. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.       184
  • Table 85: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.                187
  • Table 86: Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits.        188
  • Table 87. Market overview for graphene in memory devices.       190
  • Table 88. Scorecard for graphene in memory devices.     190
  • Table 89. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices.         191
  • Table 90: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030.  193
  • Table 91: Product developers in graphene memory devices.         194
  • Table 92. Market overview for graphene in filtration.       195
  • Table 93. Scorecard for graphene in filtration.     195
  • Table 94. Market and applications for graphene in filtration.         196
  • Table 95: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.    201
  • Table 96: Graphene companies in filtration.          202
  • Table 97. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells.       205
  • Table 98. Scorecard for graphene in fuel cells.     205
  • Table 99. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells.         206
  • Table 100: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.  210
  • Table 101: Product developers in graphene fuel cells.      211
  • Table 102. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine.  212
  • Table 103. Scorecard for graphene in drug delivery.          213
  • Table 104. Scorecard for graphene in imaging and diagnostics.    213
  • Table 105. Scorecard for graphene in medical implants.  214
  • Table 106. Scorecard for graphene in medical biosensors.              215
  • Table 107. Scorecard for graphene in woundcare.             215
  • Table 108. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine.   216
  • Table 109: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.  220
  • Table 110: Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine.             222
  • Table 111. Market overview for graphene in lighting.       225
  • Table 112. Scorecard for graphene in lighting.      225
  • Table 113. Market and applications for graphene in lighting.         226
  • Table 114: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030.  228
  • Table 115: Product developers in graphene lighting.         229
  • Table 116. Market overview for graphene in lubricants.  231
  • Table 117. Nanomaterial lubricant products.        231
  • Table 118. Scorecard for graphene in lubricants. 232
  • Table 119. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants.    233
  • Table 120: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.                235
  • Table 121: Product developers in graphene lubricants.    237
  • Table 122. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas. 239
  • Table 123. Scorecard for graphene in oil and gas.               239
  • Table 124. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas.  240
  • Table 125: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.              242
  • Table 126: Product developers in graphene oil and gas.   244
  • Table 127. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.                245
  • Table 128. Scorecard for graphene in paints and coatings.              245
  • Table 129. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings. 246
  • Table 130: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.             249
  • Table 131: Product developers in graphene paints and coatings. 251
  • Table 132. Market overview for graphene in photonics.  256
  • Table 133. Scorecard for graphene in photonics. 256
  • Table 134. Market and applications for graphene in photonics.    257
  • Table 135: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030.             260
  • Table 136: Product developers in graphene photonics.    261
  • Table 137. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics.           263
  • Table 138. Scorecard for graphene in photovoltaics.         264
  • Table 139. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics.            264
  • Table 140: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.        267
  • Table 141: Product developers in graphene solar.              268
  • Table 142. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires.      270
  • Table 143. Scorecard for graphene in rubber and tires.    270
  • Table 144. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires.       271
  • Table 145: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.   274
  • Table 146: Product developers in rubber and tires.            276
  • Table 147. Market overview for graphene in sensors.      278
  • Table 148. Scorecard for graphene in sensors.     279
  • Table 149. Market and applications for graphene in sensors.        279
  • Table 150: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.    284
  • Table 151: Product developers in graphene sensors.        285
  • Table 152. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.  289
  • Table 153. Scorecard for graphene in smart textiles and apparel. 289
  • Table 154. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.    290
  • Table 155: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.     295
  • Table 156: Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel.   296
  • Table 157. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.      300
  • Table 158. Scorecard for graphene in supercapacitors.    300
  • Table 159: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.            301
  • Table 160. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.        301
  • Table 161: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.    304
  • Table 162: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.        306
  • Table 163: Graphene producers and types produced.      308
  • Table 164: Graphene producers target market matrix.     312
  • Table 165: Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix.     315
  • Table 166. Sensor surface.           403
  • Table 167. Market opportunity assessment for main graphene applications.          468
  • Table 168: 2D materials types.   485
  • Table 169: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.             490
  • Table 170: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.           516
  • Table 171: Categorization of nanomaterials.         523
  •  

Figures

  • Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2019.              34
  • Figure 2. Demand for graphene, by market, 2030.              36
  • Figure 3. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.             40
  • Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Low estimate.  41
  • Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Medium estimate.         42
  • Figure 6. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). High estimate. 43
  • Figure 7: Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2019.             44
  • Figure 8: Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2019.  45
  • Figure 9. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.            46
  • Figure 10: Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2019.         48
  • Figure 11: Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2018.       50
  • Figure 12: Graphene layer structure schematic.  63
  • Figure 13: Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.    63
  • Figure 14: Graphite and graphene.           64
  • Figure 15: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.   65
  • Figure 16: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    67
  • Figure 17. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      68
  • Figure 18. Graphene quantum dots.        70
  • Figure 19. Fabrication methods of graphene.       72
  • Figure 20. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.         73
  • Figure 21: (a) Graphene powder production line in The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 74
  • Figure 22. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.        75
  • Figure 23: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018.             85
  • Figure 24. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.           87
  • Figure 25: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.        90
  • Figure 26: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.               93
  • Figure 27: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        99
  • Figure 28. Applications of graphene in 3D printing.            110
  • Figure 29: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.            111
  • Figure 30. CNCTArch lightweight mounting for digital signalling.  112
  • Figure 31. Applications of graphene in adhesives.              117
  • Figure 32: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.                118
  • Figure 33: Graphene Adhesives. 119
  • Figure 34. Applications of graphene in automotive.          123
  • Figure 35: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.             124
  • Figure 36: Supercar incorporating graphene.       125
  • Figure 37. Graphene anti-corrosion primer.          126
  • Figure 38. Graphene-R Brake pads.          126
  • Figure 39: Antistatic graphene tire.          127
  • Figure 40. Graphene engine oil additives.              128
  • Figure 41. Applications of graphene in aerospace.             132
  • Figure 42: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030.                133
  • Figure 43. Orbex Prime rocket.   134
  • Figure 44: Graphene enhanced aircraft cargo container. 135
  • Figure 45: Graphene aircraft.      135
  • Figure 46. Applications of graphene in batteries. 141
  • Figure 47: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.  142
  • Figure 48. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          143
  • Figure 49. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             144
  • Figure 50. Real Graphene Powerbank.    145
  • Figure 51. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   146
  • Figure 52. Applications of graphene in composites.           151
  • Figure 53. Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2030.             154
  • Figure 54. Graphene bike.            155
  • Figure 55. Graphene lacrosse equipment.             155
  • Figure 56. Graphene-based suitcase made from recycled plastic. 156
  • Figure 57. Aros Create.  157
  • Figure 58. Grays graphene hockey sticks.               158
  • Figure 59. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.   164
  • Figure 60: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2030.       165
  • Figure 61: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 166
  • Figure 62: Printed graphene conductive ink.         167
  • Figure 63: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.  167
  • Figure 64. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       170
  • Figure 65: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030.           173
  • Figure 66. Graphene asphalt additives.   174
  • Figure 67. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus. 174
  • Figure 68: Demand for graphene in electronics, 2018-2030.            180
  • Figure 69: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application.         181
  • Figure 70. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.               186
  • Figure 71: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.              187
  • Figure 72. Graphene IC in wafer tester.  188
  • Figure 73: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right).      189
  • Figure 74: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030.                193
  • Figure 75. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM).             194
  • Figure 76. Applications of graphene in filtration. 200
  • Figure 77: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.   201
  • Figure 78. Graphene anti-smog mask.     202
  • Figure 79. Graphene filtration membrane.            203
  • Figure 80. Water filer cartridge. 203
  • Figure 81. Applications of graphene in fuel cells. 209
  • Figure 82: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.   210
  • Figure 83. Graphene-based E-skin patch.               212
  • Figure 84. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine               220
  • Figure 85: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.   221
  • Figure 86. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.         222
  • Figure 87: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.            223
  • Figure 88: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor.   223
  • Figure 89. Applications of graphene in lighting.   228
  • Figure 90: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030.  229
  • Figure 91. Graphene LED bulbs. 230
  • Figure 92. Applications of graphene in lubricants.              235
  • Figure 93: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.                 236
  • Figure 94. Tricolit spray coating. 237
  • Figure 95. Graphenoil products. 237
  • Figure 96. Applications of graphene in oil and gas.             242
  • Figure 97: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.               243
  • Figure 98: Directa Plus Grafysorber.        244
  • Figure 99: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.              250
  • Figure 100. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating.   251
  • Figure 101: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate.      252
  • Figure 102. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint.              253
  • Figure 103. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand.            253
  • Figure 104. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings.         254
  • Figure 105. Schematic of graphene heat film.       254
  • Figure 106. Applications of graphene in photonics.            260
  • Figure 107: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030.           261
  • Figure 108. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel.                262
  • Figure 109. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics.    267
  • Figure 110: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.       268
  • Figure 111. Graphene coated glass.          269
  • Figure 112. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires.               274
  • Figure 113: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.  275
  • Figure 114. Eagle F1 graphene tire.          276
  • Figure 115. Graphene floor mats.              277
  • Figure 116. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire.             277
  • Figure 117. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring.          278
  • Figure 118. Applications of graphene in sensors. 283
  • Figure 119: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.  284
  • Figure 120. AGILE R100 system. 285
  • Figure 121. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector.           286
  • Figure 122: GFET sensors.            286
  • Figure 123. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light.         288
  • Figure 124. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.           294
  • Figure 125: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.   295
  • Figure 126. Colmar graphene ski jacket. 296
  • Figure 127. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.           297
  • Figure 128. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.    297
  • Figure 129: Inov-8 graphene shoes.         298
  • Figure 130. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.        299
  • Figure 131. Graphene jacket.      299
  • Figure 132. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors. 304
  • Figure 133: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.  305
  • Figure 134. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.           306
  • Figure 135: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.              307
  • Figure 136. Graphene heating films.        319
  • Figure 137. Graphene flake products.     324
  • Figure 138. AIKA Black-T.              327
  • Figure 139. Printed graphene biosensors.             334
  • Figure 140. Graphene battery schematic.              358
  • Figure 141. Test performance after 6 weeks ACT II according to Scania STD4445.  435
  • Figure 142. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.  450
  • Figure 143. T-FORCE CARDEA ZERO.         451
  • Figure 144: Prototype of Graphene-integrated UF filter cartridge.               452
  • Figure 145: Schematic of 2-D materials.  486
  • Figure 146: Borophene schematic.           488
  • Figure 147: Black phosphorus structure. 489
  • Figure 148: Black Phosphorus crystal.      490
  • Figure 149: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation.                492
  • Figure 150: Graphitic carbon nitride.        494
  • Figure 151: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.         495
  • Figure 152: Schematic of germanene.     496
  • Figure 153: Graphdiyne structure.            498
  • Figure 154: Schematic of Graphane crystal.           500
  • Figure 155: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride.              501
  • Figure 156: BN nanosheet textiles application.    503
  • Figure 157: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide.          504
  • Figure 158: SEM image of MoS2. 505
  • Figure 159: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.              506
  • Figure 160: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.            506
  • Figure 161: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide.          507
  • Figure 162: Silicene structure.    508
  • Figure 163: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.            509
  • Figure 164: Silicene transistor.    510
  • Figure 165: Crystal structure for stanene.              511
  • Figure 166: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111).   511
  • Figure 167: Schematic of tungsten diselenide.     513
  • Figure 168: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe).               515

 

 

The Graphene Report 2020
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