The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021

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Published March 10 2021, 323 pages, 85 tables, 150 figures

Cellulose nanofibers, cellulose nanocrystals and bacterial nanocellulose

Nanocellulose (NC) materials are novel biomaterials with multiple industrial uses for replacing fossil derived raw materials. These materials are renewable, eco-friendly, have excellent mechanical properties, good biocompatibility, and tailorable surface chemistry. The addition of NC materials into polymers can enhance mechanical strength and reduce weight compared to fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP).

The market mainly consists of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) production at present as alternatives to resins, synthetic thickeners, strengtheners, and plastics. Cellulose nanofiber products have already hit the market, mainly in Japan, and are viewed as important advanced biomaterials solutions in the packaging and composites markets.

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) possess many desirable properties such as high surface area, hydroxyl groups for functionalization, colloidal stability, low toxicity, chirality and mechanical strength. Recent increases in production capacities are bringing CNCs to market in oil and gas fluids, adhesives, paper products, textiles, cement, plastics and composites, paints and coatings, personal care, healthcare, food and beverages and electronics.

Current production capacity for NC materials exceeds the market demand at present, but this is likely to change as prices drop in the next few years, and there is less distance to fall than with other nanomaterials as cellulose nanofibers are broadly cost competitive. Producers have already begun to produce additives that are competitive with conventional polymer composites (e.g. carbon fibers). The growth in interest in sustainable products will also greatly drive demand. 

The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021 report includes:

  • Pricing landscape for nanocellulose (Cellulose nanofibers, cellulose nanocrystals and bacterial cellulose), by types and producers.
  • Production volumes by nanocellulose producer (current and planned).
  • Over 100 company profiles including production processes, products and pricing, target markets and collaborations.
  • Profiles of all the major players in nanocellulose production. Companies profiled include Asahi Kasei, CelluComp Ltd., Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd., Daicel, Daio Paper Corporation, SAPPI, DKS Co. Ltd.  and many more.
  • Profiles of all the major application developers including current and planned products.
  • Industry developments in 2020.
  • Market impacts from COVID-19 response. 
  • Excel database of nanocellulose products.
  • Excel database of nanocellulose prices.

 

Table of contents (.pdf)

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   22

  • 1.1          Why nanocellulose?       22
  • 1.2          The market in 2019          24
  • 1.3          The market in 2020          28
  • 1.4          Future global market outlook     28
  • 1.5          Global nanocellulose production               29
    • 1.5.1      Total global production capacity 2020, by type   30
    • 1.5.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2020, by producer          31
    • 1.5.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2020           32
    • 1.5.4      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2020 33
  • 1.6          Global nanocellulose market demand, 2018–2030, tons  33
  • 1.7          Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic              39

 

2              OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE               40

  • 2.1          Cellulose              40
  • 2.2          Nanocellulose   40
  • 2.3          Properties of nanocellulose         41
  • 2.4          Advantages of nanocellulose      43
  • 2.5          Manufacture of nanocellulose    43
  • 2.6          Production methods       44
  • 2.7          Types of nanocellulose  45
    • 2.7.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 47
    • 2.7.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)           48
      • 2.7.2.1   Applications       49
  • 2.7.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)       50
    • 2.7.3.1   Synthesis             50
    • 2.7.3.2   Properties           52
    • 2.7.3.3   Applications       53
  • 2.7.4      Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)    55
    • 2.7.4.1   Applications       55
  • 2.8          Synthesis             56

 

3              NANOCELLULOSE PRICING           60

  • 3.1          Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)             60
  • 3.2          Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)         61
  • 3.3          Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)     62

 

4              NANOCELLULOSE IN COMPOSITES            63

  • 4.1          Market overview             63
  • 4.2          Market prospects            64
  • 4.3          Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.    65
  • 4.4          Applications map             70
  • 4.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       70

 

5              NANOCELLULOSE IN AUTOMOTIVE          72

  • 5.1          Market overview             72
  • 5.2          Market prospects            73
  • 5.3          Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    74
  • 5.4          Applications map             76
  • 5.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       77

 

6              NANOCELLULOSE IN CONSTRUCTION      78

  • 6.1          Market overview             78
  • 6.2          Market prospects            78
  • 6.3          Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    79
  • 6.4          Applications map             82
  • 6.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       83

 

7              NANOCELLULOSE IN PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING      84

  • 7.1          Market prospects            84
  • 7.2          Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    85
  • 7.3          Applications map             91
  • 7.4          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       91

 

8              NANOCELLULOSE TEXTILES AND APPAREL             93

  • 8.1          Market overview             93
  • 8.2          Market prospects            93
  • 8.3          Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading      94
  • 8.4          Applications map             98
  • 8.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       98

 

9              NANOCELLULOSE IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE             100

  • 9.1          Market overview             100
  • 9.2          Market prospects            101
  • 9.3          Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    102
  • 9.4          Applications map             107
  • 9.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       108

 

10           NANOCELLULOSE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS        110

  • 10.1        Market overview             110
  • 10.2        Market prospects            110
  • 10.3        Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    111
  • 10.4        Applications map             115
  • 10.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       115

 

11           NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROGELS 117

  • 11.1        Market overview             117
  • 11.2        Market prospects            117
  • 11.3        Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    118
  • 11.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       120

 

12           NANOCELLULOSE IN OIL AND GAS            121

  • 12.1        Market overview             121
  • 12.2        Market prospects            122
  • 12.3        Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    123
  • 12.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       125

 

13           NANOCELLULOSE IN FILTRATION               126

  • 13.1        Market overview             127
  • 13.2        Market prospects            128
  • 13.3        Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    129
  • 13.4        Applications map             132
  • 13.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       133

 

14           NANOCELLULOSE IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMA AND FOOD ADDITIVES      134

  • 14.1        Market overview             134
  • 14.2        Market prospects            135
  • 14.3        Applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading.    135
  • 14.4        Applications map             137
  • 14.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       138

 

15           OTHER MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE 139

  • 15.1        PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS        139
    • 15.1.1    Market assessment        139
    • 15.1.2    Product developer profiles          142
  • 15.2        NANOCELLULOSE IN 3D PRINTING            145
    • 15.2.1    Market assessment        145
    • 15.2.2    Product developer profiles          147
  • 15.3        NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROSPACE              148
    • 15.3.1    Market assessment        148
    • 15.3.2    Product developer profiles          149

 

16           CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES       150 (84 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

17           CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) COMPANY PROFILES    282 (16 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

18           BACTERIAL CELLULOSE (BC) COMPANY PROFILES 308 (11 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

19           RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY 317

  • 19.1        Report scope     317
  • 19.2        Research methodology 317

 

20           REFERENCES       319

 

Tables

  • Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications      23
  • Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose.        24
  • Table 3. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.    29
  • Table 4: Global demand for nanocellulose in 2019, tons. 30
  • Table 5: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018.      30
  • Table 6. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.               31
  • Table 7: MFC production capacities and production process, by producer.              32
  • Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.             33
  • Table 9: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.          33
  • Table 10: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.      35
  • Table 11: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.             37
  • Table 12. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   39
  • Table 13. Properties and applications of nanocellulose.   42
  • Table 14. Properties of nanocellulose, by type.   42
  • Table 15: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials. 43
  • Table 16. Types of nanocellulose.              45
  • Table 17: Types of nanocellulose.             47
  • Table 18: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).        49
  • Table 19. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).     51
  • Table 20: CNC sources, size and yield.     52
  • Table 21: CNC properties.            52
  • Table 22. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         53
  • Table 23: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).              54
  • Table 24: Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). 55
  • Table 25: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.        60
  • Table 26: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers.    61
  • Table 27: Product/price/application matrix of bacterial nanocellulose producers. 62
  • Table 28. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.         63
  • Table 29. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.   64
  • Table 30. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites.       64
  • Table 31. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-applications, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   65
  • Table 32: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).        70
  • Table 33. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive.        72
  • Table 34. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive.       73
  • Table 35. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs.   74
  • Table 36: Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons).    77
  • Table 37. Market overview for nanocellulose in construction.       78
  • Table 38. Scorecard for nanocellulose in construction      78
  • Table 39. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials.        80
  • Table 40. Market assessment for nanocellulose in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs    80
  • Table 41: Market demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons).    83
  • Table 42. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers. 84
  • Table 43. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.        84
  • Table 44. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs.        85
  • Table 45: Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).            91
  • Table 46. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.         93
  • Table 47. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.       93
  • Table 48. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.          94
  • Table 49: Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).             98
  • Table 50. Market overview for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.              100
  • Table 51. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.             101
  • Table 52. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs. 102
  • Table 53: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons). 108
  • Table 54: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons).               109
  • Table 55. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.          110
  • Table 56. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.        110
  • Table 57. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs. 111
  • Table 58: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).          115
  • Table 59. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels.               117
  • Table 60. Scorecard for nanocellulose in aerogels.             117
  • Table 61. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs.   118
  • Table 62: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons). 120
  • Table 63. Market overview for nanocellulose in oil and gas.           121
  • Table 64. Scorecard for nanocellulose in oil and gas.         122
  • Table 65. Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs.   123
  • Table 66: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons).  125
  • Table 67. CNF membranes.          127
  • Table 68. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration.               128
  • Table 69. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration.             128
  • Table 70. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.   129
  • Table 71: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).      133
  • Table 72. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.          134
  • Table 73. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.        135
  • Table 74. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs. 135
  • Table 75: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons).  138
  • Table 76. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper). 139
  • Table 77. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs.   140
  • Table 78: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.        142
  • Table 79. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.   145
  • Table 80: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products.       147
  • Table 81. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.   148
  • Table 82: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace.            149
  • Table 83: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.         192
  • Table 84: Oji Holdings CNF products.       235
  • Table 85. Fibnano properties.     314

 

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Nanocellulose market in 2020-industry product and production activity.               28
  • Figure 2: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2019.     31
  • Figure 3: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.        34
  • Figure 4: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.       37
  • Figure 5: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.              38
  • Figure 6: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit.       40
  • Figure 7: Scale of cellulose materials.       41
  • Figure 8: Types of nanocellulose.              46
  • Figure 9: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.              46
  • Figure 10: CNF gel.           48
  • Figure 11. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 50
  • Figure 12. CNC preparation.        50
  • Figure 13: Extracting CNC from trees.      52
  • Figure 14: CNC slurry.     54
  • Figure 15. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials.   56
  • Figure 16. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose.           59
  • Figure 17. Applications of nanocellulose in composites.  70
  • Figure 18: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).       71
  • Figure 19. Interior of NCV concept car.    72
  • Figure 20. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.  76
  • Figure 21: Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons). 77
  • Figure 22. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       79
  • Figure 23. Applications of nanocellulose in construction. 83
  • Figure 24: Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons). 83
  • Figure 25. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.   91
  • Figure 26: Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).  92
  • Figure 27. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.  98
  • Figure 28: Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).    99
  • Figure 29. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.        107
  • Figure 30: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons).              109
  • Figure 31: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons).              109
  • Figure 32. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings.   115
  • Figure 33: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).        116
  • Figure 34: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons).               121
  • Figure 35: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons). 126
  • Figure 36. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration.        132
  • Figure 37: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).    133
  • Figure 38. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers.     137
  • Figure 39: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons). 138
  • Figure 40: Foldable nanopaper antenna. 140
  • Figure 41: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF. 143
  • Figure 42. Oji CNF transparent sheets.    143
  • Figure 43. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.          144
  • Figure 44: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  151
  • Figure 45. MEDICELLU™.               151
  • Figure 46: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  153
  • Figure 47: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 154
  • Figure 48: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              154
  • Figure 49: CNF nonwoven fabric.               155
  • Figure 50. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.               159
  • Figure 51. nanoforest products. 167
  • Figure 52. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.             168
  • Figure 53. nanoforest-S. 168
  • Figure 54. nanoforest-PDP.         169
  • Figure 55. nanoforest-MB.           169
  • Figure 56. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.    171
  • Figure 57. Celish.              171
  • Figure 58: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   172
  • Figure 59. Daio Paper CNF production process.   174
  • Figure 60. ELLEX products.           175
  • Figure 61. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            176
  • Figure 62. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 176
  • Figure 63. Color CNF.      177
  • Figure 64. DIC Products CNF production process.               179
  • Figure 65. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 181
  • Figure 66: Rheocrysta spray.       182
  • Figure 67. DKS CNF products.      182
  • Figure 68: CNF based on citrus peel.        184
  • Figure 69. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.       184
  • Figure 70. Imerys CNF production process.           186
  • Figure 71. Filler Bank CNC products.         188
  • Figure 72: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  189
  • Figure 73: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.                190
  • Figure 74. Granbio CNF production process.         193
  • Figure 75: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                194
  • Figure 76. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer). 196
  • Figure 77: CNF gel.           198
  • Figure 78: Block nanocellulose material. 198
  • Figure 79: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.              199
  • Figure 80. Innventia CNF production process.      201
  • Figure 81: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.         202
  • Figure 82. Kami Shoji CNF products.         204
  • Figure 83. Dual Graft System.     205
  • Figure 84: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.           206
  • Figure 85. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).           207
  • Figure 86: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).       208
  • Figure 87. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.        210
  • Figure 88. CNF deodorant.           212
  • Figure 89. Chitin nanofiber product.        213
  • Figure 90. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.              215
  • Figure 91. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder.  216
  • Figure 92. Cellulomix production process.             217
  • Figure 93. Nanobase versus conventional products.          218
  • Figure 94. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307.          219
  • Figure 95: CNF slurries.  220
  • Figure 96. Range of CNF products.            220
  • Figure 97: Nanocell serum product.          221
  • Figure 98: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.           223
  • Figure 99: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.      223
  • Figure 100. Nippon Paper CNF production process.           225
  • Figure 101: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.          227
  • Figure 102. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF.  228
  • Figure 103. CNF paint product.   229
  • Figure 104: CNF wet powder.     231
  • Figure 105: CNF transparent film.              231
  • Figure 106: Transparent CNF sheets.       232
  • Figure 107. Oji Paper CNF production process.    233
  • Figure 108: CNF clear sheets.      235
  • Figure 109. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.       237
  • Figure 110: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.              238
  • Figure 111. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.  239
  • Figure 112: XCNF.            241
  • Figure 113: CNF insulation flat plates.     242
  • Figure 114. Seiko PMC CNF production process. 245
  • Figure 115. Manufacturing process for STARCEL. 246
  • Figure 116: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.        248
  • Figure 117. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.      249
  • Figure 118. Stora Enso CNF production process. 250
  • Figure 119. Sugino Machine CNF production process.      252
  • Figure 120: High Pressure Water Jet Process.       252
  • Figure 121: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.       253
  • Figure 122. BiNFi-s Dry Powder. 253
  • Figure 123. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.          254
  • Figure 124: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.       254
  • Figure 125: SVILOSA AD CNC products.   256
  • Figure 126: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.  261
  • Figure 127: CNF/nanosilver powder.       261
  • Figure 128: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.     262
  • Figure 129: CNF resin products. 265
  • Figure 130. University of Maine CNF production process.               266
  • Figure 131. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.      268
  • Figure 132. FibDex® wound dressing.      269
  • Figure 133. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          271
  • Figure 134: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.               272
  • Figure 135. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.         274
  • Figure 136. VTT CNF production process.               276
  • Figure 137: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.     277
  • Figure 138: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.        278
  • Figure 139. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       280
  • Figure 140: R3TM process technology.   285
  • Figure 141: Blue Goose CNC Production Process.               286
  • Figure 142: NCCTM Process.        289
  • Figure 143: Celluforce production process.           290
  • Figure 144: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:         291
  • Figure 145: Plantrose process.    298
  • Figure 146. CNC solution.              302
  • Figure 147. University of Maine CNF production process.               303
  • Figure 148. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          305
  • Figure 149. Cellugy materials.     311
  • Figure 150: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet.  313

 

 

The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021
The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021
PDF download and by email.

The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021
The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021
Print edition (including tracked delivery).

The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021
The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2021
PDF download and Print edition (including tracked delivery).

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