Published November 18 2020, 45 pages, 13 tables, 13 figures
Nanobubbles or ultrafine bubbles are sub-micron (~50nm to ~700nm) gas-containing cavities in aqueous solution with unique physical characteristics that differ from other types of bubbles, and have the ability to change the normal characteristics of water. Nanobubbles can exist on surfaces (surface or interfacial NBs) and as dispersed in a liquid phase (bulk NBs). Their use can contribute greatly to sustainability challenges as environmentally friendly alternative and solutions.
Sterilization capability through bactericidal action.
Removal of contamination without the need for cleaning agents.
Bio-activation in cells.
Growth promotion for fish, crustacea and plants.
Heat transfer capabilities to raise or lower the temperature of a liquid rapidly and effectively.
Vaporization promotion capability for water-cooled cooling towers and evaporation based desalination systems.
Halt concrete and metal decay.
Environmental purification and remediation.
There are numerous commercial NB generators on the market for both laboratory and pilot-scales. Their use is transformative for environmental, food and wastewater treatment industries and they also find application in:
Water purification/sterilization (various industries).
Cooling tower de-scaling.
Medical cleaning applications (sanitization and bacteria control).
Animal farming-drinking water enrichment (reduces bacterial growth).
Agriculture and food production (reduction in use of chemicals).
Aquaculture-oxygenation of fish and aquaculture dams.
Mining-acid water treatment.
Oil and gas Industry – oil spill clean-up and storage tanks.
Report contents include:
Introduction to nanobubbles (ultrafine bubbles).
Applications of nanobubbles (ultrafine bubbles).
Market analysis of nanobubbles in Agriculture, Aquaculture, Biomedical, Coolants, Food and beverage production, Mining, Oil and gas, Remediation , Surface cleaning, and Wastewater purification.
21 company profiles. Companies profiled include Anzai Kantetsu Co. Ltd., AquaB Nanobubble Innovations Ltd., BioNano International Ltd., EnH Co., Ltd., Fawoo Nanotech Co., Ltd., Moleaer, Inc. and more.
1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 7
2 INTRODUCTION NANOBUBBLES/ULTRAFINE BUBBLES 8
2.1 Definition 9
2.2 Surface nanobubbles 11
2.3 Bulk nanobubbles 11
2.4 Properties 12
2.5 Nanobubble preparation and generation 13
2.6 Applications 14
3 MARKETS FOR NANOBUBBLES 17
3.1 Agriculture 17
3.1.1 Market assessment 17
3.2 Aquaculture 18
3.2.1 Market assessment 18
3.3 Biomedical 19
3.3.1 Market assessment 19
3.4 Coolants and cooling towers 20
3.4.1 Market assessment 20
3.5 Food and beverage production 21
3.5.1 Market assessment 21
3.6 Oil and gas 22
3.6.1 Market assessment 22
3.7 Remediation 23
3.7.1 Market assessment 23
3.8 Surface cleaning 23
3.8.1 Market assessment 23
3.9 Water and wastewater purification 24
3.9.1 Market assessment 24
4 NANOBUBBLE/ULTRAFINE BUBBLE EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS 26 (21 COMPANY PROFILES)
5 REFERENCES 42
Table 1. Properties of Nanobubbles/ultrafine bubbles. 12
Table 2. Nanobubble generation techniques. 13
Table 3: Summary of markets, benefits and applications of nanobubbles. 14
Table 4. Market and applications for nanobubbles in agriculture. 17
Table 5. Market and applications for nanobubbles in aquaculture. 18
Table 6. Market and applications for nanobubbles in biomedical. 19
Table 7. Market and applications for nanobubbles in coolants and cooling towers. 20
Table 8. Market and applications for nanobubbles in food and beverage production . 21
Table 10. Market and applications for nanobubbles in oil and gas. 22
Table 11. Market and applications for nanobubbles in remediation . 23
Table 12. Market and applications for nanobubbles in surface cleaning. 23
Table 13. Market and applications for nanobubbles in domestic & industrial water purification. 24
Figure 1. Application of nanobubbles in the environmental market. 9
Figure 2. Nanobubble scale. 10
Figure 3. Nanobubble Brownian motion . 11
Figure 4. AFM image of nanobubbles on HOPG. 11
Figure 5. Schematic of nanobubble generator. 13
Figure 6. Application of nanobubbles in aquaculture. 19
Figure 7. Nanobubble cleaning action. 24
Figure 8. Turbiti series of nano bubble mixers. 26
Figure 9. Schematic of Nano Bubble Generator deployment. 29