The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2021

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Published June 2021 | 272 pages, 54 tables, 60 figures | Table of contents

Nearly 270 million tonnes of petroleum are used every year in the production of plastics. Apart from the environmental problems associated with extracting the non-renewable resource, nearly 80 million tonnes of plastics end up in landfills. Bioplastics  and biopolymers are a biodegradable and natural alternative.

Bioplastics are biobased products that allow for greater product sustainability due to their biodegradability and renewability. Their use is attractive as bioplastics that biodegrade to CO2 and H2O mitigate the negative effects of standard plastic (litter and damage to aqua environments). Renewable feedstocks can be utilized instead of petroleum, thereby reducing global dependence on crude oil and lessening the impact on climate.

Despite growing global environmental awareness, bioplastics currently account for only around 1 percent of the >365 million tons of plastics produced annually, but with annual growth of >30%. Due to the development of advanced biopolymers and materials, reduced costs, regulations and increased consumer awareness, demand is rising.

This report covers:

  • Analysis of non-biodegradable bio-based plastics and biodegradable plastics and polymers.
  • Global production capacities, market demand and trends 2019-2025
  • Analysis of synthetic biopolymers market including Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA), Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET), Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT), Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF), Polyamides (Bio-PA), Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT), Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polysaccharides, Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose nanofibers,  Protein-based bioplastics, Algal and fungal. 
  • Market segmentation analysis.  Markets analysed include packaging, consumer goods, automotive, building & construction, textiles, electronics, agriculture & horticulture. 
  • More than 215 companies profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include major producers such as NatureWorks, Total Corbion, Danimer Scientific, Novamont, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Indorama, Braskem, Avantium, Borealis, Cathay, Dupont, BASF, Arkema, DuPont, BASF and many more. Profiles include products and production capacities. 
  • Profiles of start-up producers and product developers including AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories Spiber and many more. 

 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   16

  • 1.1          Market trends   17
  • 1.2          Global production to 2030            18
  • 1.3          Main producers and global production capacities               19
    • 1.3.1      Producers           19
    • 1.3.2      By biobased and sustainable plastic type               21
    • 1.3.3      By region             25
  • 1.4          Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics 2020, by market     26
  • 1.5          Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand        30
  • 1.6          Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market         31

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         33

 

3              THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET 34

  • 3.1          Global production            34
  • 3.2          The importance of plastic              34
  • 3.3          Issues with plastics use  35

 

4              INTRODUCTION 36

  • 4.1          Bio-based or renewable plastics 36
    • 4.1.1      Drop-in bio-based plastics            36
    • 4.1.2      Novel bio-based plastics                37
  • 4.2          Biodegradable and compostable plastics                38
    • 4.2.1      Biodegradability               38
    • 4.2.2      Compostability  39
  • 4.3          Advantages and disadvantages  39

 

5              BIO-BASED POLYMER TYPES AND MARKET PROSPECTS    41

 

6              MARKET LEADERS BY BIOBASED AND/OR BIODEGRADABLE PLASTIC TYPES             43

 

7              SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS            44

  • 7.1          Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA) 44
    • 7.1.1      Market analysis 44
    • 7.1.2      Producers           46
  • 7.2          Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)     47
    • 7.2.1      Market analysis 47
    • 7.2.2      Producers           47
  • 7.3          Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)             49
    • 7.3.1      Market analysis 49
    • 7.3.2      Producers           49
  • 7.4          Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)             50
    • 7.4.1      Market analysis 50
    • 7.4.2      Comparative properties to PET   51
    • 7.4.3      Producers           51
  • 7.5          Polyamides (Bio-PA)       52
    • 7.5.1      Market analysis 52
    • 7.5.2      Producers           53
  • 7.6          Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)        53
    • 7.6.1      Market analysis 53
    • 7.6.2      Producers           54
  • 7.7          Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers     55
    • 7.7.1      Market analysis 55
    • 7.7.2      Producers           55
  • 7.8          Polyethylene (Bio-PE)    56
    • 7.8.1      Market analysis 56
    • 7.8.2      Producers           56
  • 7.9          Polypropylene (Bio-PP) 57
    • 7.9.1      Market analysis 57
    • 7.9.2      Producers           57

 

8              NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS               58

  • 8.1          Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)     58
    • 8.1.1      Market analysis 58
    • 8.1.2      Commercially available PHAs      59
    • 8.1.3      Producers           60
  • 8.2          Polysaccharides 61
    • 8.2.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 61
      • 8.2.1.1   Market analysis 61
      • 8.2.1.2   Producers           62
    • 8.2.2      Cellulose nanocrystals    62
      • 8.2.2.1   Market analysis 62
      • 8.2.2.2   Producers           64
    • 8.2.3      Cellulose nanofibers       64
      • 8.2.3.1   Market analysis 64
      • 8.2.3.2   Producers           66
  • 8.3          Protein-based bioplastics             67
    • 8.3.1      Types, applications and producers            67
  • 8.4          Algal and fungal 69
    • 8.4.1      Algal      69
      • 8.4.1.1   Advantages        69
      • 8.4.1.2   Production          71
      • 8.4.1.3   Commercialization           71
    • 8.4.2      Mycelium            72
      • 8.4.2.1   Properties           72
      • 8.4.2.2   Applications       72
      • 8.4.2.3   Commercialization           74
  • 8.5          Chitosan              75

 

9              PRODUCTION OF BIOBASED AND SUSTAINABLE PLASTICS BY REGION        75

  • 9.1          North America   76
  • 9.2          Europe 77
  • 9.3          Asia-Pacific         77
    • 9.3.1      China     78
    • 9.3.2      Japan    78
    • 9.3.3      Thailand               78
    • 9.3.4      Indonesia            78
  • 9.4          Latin America    79

 

10           MARKET SEGMENTATION OF BIOPLASTICS           80

  • 10.1        Packaging            83
  • 10.2        Consumer products        84
  • 10.3        Automotive        85
  • 10.4        Building & construction 86
  • 10.5        Textiles 87
  • 10.6        Electronics          88
  • 10.7        Agriculture and horticulture        89

 

11           COMPANY PROFILES       91 (222 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

12           REFERENCES       268

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Market drivers and trends in biobased and sustainable plastics.  17
  • Table 2. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons.          18
  • Table 3. Global production capacities, by producers.        19
  • Table 4. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons.        21
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2025, by region, tons.      25
  • Table 6. Issues related to the use of plastics.        35
  • Table 7. Type of biodegradation.               39
  • Table 8. Advantages and disadvantages of biobased plastics compared to conventional plastics.   39
  • Table 9. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications. 41
  • Table 10. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types.             43
  • Table 11. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis.    44
  • Table 12. Lactic acid producers and production capacities.             46
  • Table 13. PLA producers and production capacities.          46
  • Table 14. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis.            47
  • Table 15. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers.              47
  • Table 16. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis. 49
  • Table 17. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers.   49
  • Table 18. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis. 50
  • Table 19. PEF vs. PET.     51
  • Table 20. FDCA and PEF producers.          51
  • Table 21. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis.              52
  • Table 22. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities.            53
  • Table 23. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis.            53
  • Table 24. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands.      54
  • Table 25. Bio-PBS market analysis.            55
  • Table 26. Leading PBS producers and production capacities.          55
  • Table 27. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis.           56
  • Table 28. Leading Bio-PE producers.        56
  • Table 29. Bio-PP market analysis.              57
  • Table 30. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities.           57
  • Table 31. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis. 58
  • Table 32. Commercially available PHAs.  59
  • Table 33. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers.           60
  • Table 34. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis.            61
  • Table 35. Leading MFC producers and capacities.               62
  • Table 36. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis.               62
  • Table 37: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.          64
  • Table 38. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis.   64
  • Table 39. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer.   66
  • Table 40. Types of protein based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             67
  • Table 41. Types of algal and fungal based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             69
  • Table 42. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size.          70
  • Table 43. Companies developing algal-based bioplastics. 71
  • Table 44. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.          72
  • Table 45. Companies developing mycelium-based bioplastics.      74
  • Table 46. Overview of chitosan-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.         75
  • Table 47. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2025, by region, tons.              75
  • Table 48. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in North America. 77
  • Table 49. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Europe.               77
  • Table 50. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Asia-Pacific.       78
  • Table 51. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Latin America.  79
  • Table 52. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.         168
  • Table 53. Lactips plastic pellets. 189
  • Table 54. Oji Holdings CNF products.       223

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons.        17
  • Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2030, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types.   19
  • Figure 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2030, by type, in 1,000 tons.  23
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by type.           23
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2030, by type.       24
  • Figure 6. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019. 25
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025. 26
  • Figure 8. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics.     27
  • Figure 9. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2020.                28
  • Figure 10. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019-2030, tons.                30
  • Figure 11. Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market.   31
  • Figure 12. Global plastics production 1950-2018, millions of tons.              34
  • Figure 13.  Coca-Cola PlantBottle®.           37
  • Figure 14. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics.              38
  • Figure 15. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025.               52
  • Figure 16. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix.           70
  • Figure 17. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam.     73
  • Figure 18. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials.          74
  • Figure 19. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019.              76
  • Figure 20. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025.              76
  • Figure 21. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019, 1,000 tons.                81
  • Figure 22. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2020, 1,000 tons.                82
  • Figure 23. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2030      83
  • Figure 24. PHA bioplastics products.        83
  • Figure 25. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in packaging 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.                84
  • Figure 26. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in consumer products 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.         85
  • Figure 27. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in automotive 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.                86
  • Figure 28. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in building and construction 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.     87
  • Figure 29. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in textiles 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.                88
  • Figure 30. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in electronics 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.                89
  • Figure 31. Biodegradable mulch films.     90
  • Figure 32. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in agriculture 2019-2030, in 1,000 tons.                90
  • Figure 33. Algiknit yarn. 95
  • Figure 34. Bio-PA rear bumper stay.         109
  • Figure 35. nanoforest-S. 132
  • Figure 36. nanoforest-PDP.         133
  • Figure 37. nanoforest-MB.           133
  • Figure 38. CuanSave film.             139
  • Figure 39. ELLEX products.           141
  • Figure 40. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            141
  • Figure 41. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 142
  • Figure 42. Mushroom leather.    152
  • Figure 43. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  162
  • Figure 44. PHA production process.         164
  • Figure 45. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                170
  • Figure 46. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer). 172
  • Figure 47. CNF gel.           175
  • Figure 48. Block nanocellulose material. 176
  • Figure 49. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.              176
  • Figure 50. IPA synthesis method.              198
  • Figure 51. MOGU-Wave panels. 200
  • Figure 52. Reishi.              204
  • Figure 53. Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.             215
  • Figure 54. Compostable water pod.         217
  • Figure 55. CNF clear sheets.        223
  • Figure 56. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.          225
  • Figure 57. Manufacturing process for STARCEL.   237
  • Figure 58. Lyocell process.           242
  • Figure 59. Spider silk production.              246
  • Figure 60. Sulapac cosmetics containers.               248
  • Figure 61.  Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing. 249
  • Figure 62. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles.               254
  • Figure 63. Corbion FDCA production process.      260

 

 

 

The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2021
The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2021
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The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2021
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