Global plastics production totaled 368 million metric tons in 2019. Apart from the environmental problems associated with extracting the non-renewable resource, nearly 80 million tonnes of plastics end up in landfills. Bioplastics and biopolymers are a biodegradable and natural alternative.
Polymeric biomaterials are biobased products that allow for greater product sustainability due to their biodegradability and renewability. Their use is attractive as bioplastics that biodegrade to CO2 and H2O mitigate the negative effects of standard plastic (litter and damage to aqua environments). Renewable feedstocks can be utilized instead of petroleum, thereby reducing global dependence on crude oil and lessening the impact on climate.
The sky rocketing price of petroleum coupled with global environmental concerns, and continued population growth is pushing the plastic industries towards sustainability. Growing government regulatory restrictions, consumers’ desire and energy conservation are some of the key factors that drive research and proudcet development towards renewable resource-based polymeric biomaterials. The performance of bioplastics is also improving and range of applications expanding.
Bioplastics are defined as 'biobased and/or biodegradable plastics', a globally accepted definition. Not all bioplastics are biobased and if referring to the plastic problem of non-biodegradability, not all bioplastics are biodegradable. Biobased is based upon the carbon source while biodegradability upon chemical structure.
Biobased plastics that are not necessarily biodegradable (including conventional polymers, e.g. PE, made from biobased monomers.
Plastics containing both petro-based and bio-based components, e.g. PET, not necessarily biodegradable.
Biodegradable or compostable plastics derived from biobased materials, such as starch, cellulose, polylactides or polyhydroxyalkaboates.
Biodegradable petroleum-based plastics, e.g. PBAT.
This report covers:
Analysis of non-biodegradable bio-based plastics and biodegradable plastics and polymers.
Global production capacities, market demand and trends
Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polysaccharides, Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose nanofibers, Protein-based bioplastics, Algal and fungal.
Market segmentation analysis. Markets analysed include packaging, consumer goods, automotive, building & construction, textiles, electronics, agriculture & horticulture.
More than 300 companies profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include major producers such as NatureWorks, Total Corbion, Danimer Scientific, Novamont, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Indorama, Braskem, Avantium, Borealis, Cathay, Dupont, BASF, Arkema, DuPont, BASF and many more. Profiles include products and production capacities.
Profiles of start-up producers and product developers including AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories Spiber and many more.
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 18
1.1 Market trends 19
1.2 Global production to 2030 20
1.3 Main producers and global production capacities 22
1.3.1 Producers 22
1.3.2 By biobased and sustainable plastic type 23
1.3.3 By region 27
1.4 Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics 2020, by market 29
1.5 Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand 32
1.6 Challenges for the biobased and sustainable plastics market 32
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 34
3 THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET 35
3.1 Global production 35
3.2 The importance of plastic 35
3.3 Issues with plastics use 36
4 BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS 37
4.1 Bio-based or renewable plastics 37
4.1.1 Drop-in bio-based plastics 37
4.1.2 Novel bio-based plastics 38
4.2 Biodegradable and compostable plastics 39
4.2.1 Biodegradability 39
4.2.2 Compostability 40
4.3 Advantages and disadvantages 40
4.4 Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics 41
4.5 Market leaders by biobased and/or biodegradable plastic types 43