Published December 2020, 1113 pages, 395 tables, 290 figures
Carbon based-nanomaterials include carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene and its derivatives, graphene oxide, nanodiamonds, fullerenes, and graphene quantum dots (GQDs). Due to their unique structural dimensions and excellent mechanical, electrical, thermal, optical and chemical properties, carbon nanomaterials have gained great interest in a wide range of industrial market.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.
Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, MWCNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. Several major producers have closed their MWCNT capacities, but applications continue to come to market and LG Chem has established a large-scale production facility. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.
Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, condcuctive materials, transistors, sensors and memory devices. Again, a number of producers have ceased production, but those left are finding increased demand for their materials. SCWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.
Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.
Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.
Nanodiamonds (NDs) are relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, and have moved towards large-scale commercialization due to their excellent mechanical, thermal properties and chemical stability.
Other carbon nanomaterials of interest include fullerenes and more recently, carbon and graphene quantum dots.
This report on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds market is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative report produced.
Report contents include:
Carbon nanotubes, fullerene, nanodiamond, graphene quantum dots and graphene products.
Assessment of carbon nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
Company profiles of carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials, fullerenes, carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details
Market assessment of other 2D materials.
Assessment of carbon nanomaterials by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of to 2030 and main players.
In depth-assessment of carbon nanomaterials producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
Global market for carbon nanomaterials in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030.
Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global carbon nanomaterials market.
In-depth profiles of carbon nanomaterials producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets.
Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
Table 9. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted. 98
Table 10. Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 102
Table 11. Typical properties of SWCNT and MWCNT. 103
Table 12: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 104
Table 13. Applications of MWCNTs. 106
Table 14. Key MWCNT producers. 110
Table 15. Annual production capacity of the key MWCNT producers in 2018. 111
Table 21. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted. 119
Table 22: Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof. 127
Table 23. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 129
Table 24. Graphene quantum dot producers. 132
Table 25: Properties of carbon nanotubes. 133
Table 26: Markets, benefits and applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. 136
Table 27: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes. 138
Table 28. Comparative properties of BNNTs and CNTs. 146
Table 29. Applications of BNNTs. 146
Table 30. Properties of nanodiamonds. 151
Table 31. Summary of types of NDS and production methods-advantages and disadvantages. 152
Table 32. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 155
Table 33. Advantages and disadvantages of methods for preparing GQDs. 158
Table 34. Applications of graphene quantum dots. 159
Table 35. Assessment of graphene production methods. 163
Table 36. Regulations and rulings related to carbon nanomaterials in Europe. 168
Table 37. Regulations and rulings related to carbon nanomaterials in North America. 168
Table 38. Regulations and rulings related to carbon nanomaterials in Asia-Pacific. 169
Table 39: Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018. 172
Table 40. Location of SWCNT patent filings 2008-2019. 175
Table 41. Main SWCNT patent assignees. 175
Table 42. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030. 176
Table 43: Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2019. 178
Table 44: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019. 179
Table 45: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018. 181
Table 46: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019. 182
Table 47: CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2010-2018/ 000s m2. 183
Table 48. Comparison of well-established approaches for CNT synthesis. 186
Table 49: SWCNT synthesis methods. 187
Table 50: Types of graphene and typical prices. 194
Table 51: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer. 196
Table 52: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer. 197
Table 53: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer. 198
Table 54: Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer. 199
Table 55: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer. 200
Table 56: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer. 201
Figure 36. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4). 155
Figure 37. Graphene quantum dots. 157
Figure 38. Top-down and bottom-up methods. 158
Figure 39. Fabrication methods of graphene. 160
Figure 40. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF. 161
Figure 41: (a) Graphene powder production line in The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 162
Figure 42. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods. 163
Figure 43: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018. 173
Figure 91: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink. 276
Figure 92. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete. 279
Figure 93: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030. 282
Figure 94. Graphene asphalt additives. 283
Figure 95. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus. 283
Figure 96: Demand for graphene in electronics, 2018-2030. 289
Figure 97: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application. 290
Figure 98. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits. 296
Figure 99: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030. 297
Figure 100. Graphene IC in wafer tester. 298
Figure 101: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right). 299
Figure 102: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030. 303
Figure 103. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM). 304
Figure 104. Applications of graphene in filtration. 311
Figure 105: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030. 313
Figure 106. Graphene anti-smog mask. 314
Figure 107. Graphene filtration membrane. 314
Figure 108. Water filer cartridge. 315
Figure 109. Applications of graphene in fuel cells. 321
Figure 110: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030. 322
Figure 111. Graphene-based E-skin patch. 324
Figure 112. Flexible and transparent bracelet that uses graphene to measure heart rate, respiration rate etc. 330
Figure 113. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine 335
Figure 114: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030. 336
Figure 115. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing. 338
Figure 116: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel. 338
Figure 117: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor. 339
Figure 118. Applications of graphene in lighting. 344
Figure 119: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030. 345
Figure 120. Graphene LED bulbs. 346
Figure 121. Applications of graphene in lubricants. 351
Figure 122: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030. 352
Figure 123. Tricolit spray coating. 353
Figure 124. Graphenoil products. 354
Figure 125. Applications of graphene in oil and gas. 359
Figure 126: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030. 360
Figure 127: Directa Plus Grafysorber. 361
Figure 128: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030. 368
Figure 129. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating. 370
Figure 130: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate. 370
Figure 131. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint. 371
Figure 132. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand. 371
Figure 133. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings. 372
Figure 134. Schematic of graphene heat film. 373
Figure 135. Applications of graphene in photonics. 380
Figure 136: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030. 381
Figure 137. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel. 381
Figure 138. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics. 388
Figure 139: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030. 389
Figure 140. Graphene coated glass. 390
Figure 141. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires. 395
Figure 142: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030. 396
Figure 143. Eagle F1 graphene tire. 397
Figure 144. Graphene floor mats. 398
Figure 145. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire. 398
Figure 146. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring. 400
Figure 147. Applications of graphene in sensors. 405
Figure 148: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030. 407
Figure 149. AGILE R100 system. 408
Figure 150. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector. 408
Figure 151: GFET sensors. 409
Figure 152. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light. 410
Figure 153. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel. 418
Figure 154: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030. 419
Figure 155. Colmar graphene ski jacket. 420
Figure 156. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing. 421
Figure 195: Demand for carbon nanotubes in filtration (tons), 2018-2030. 551
Figure 196: Demand for carbon nanotubes in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030. 560
Figure 197: Demand for carbon nanotubes in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030. 574
Figure 198: CARESTREAM DRX-Revolution Nano Mobile X-ray System. 575
Figure 199. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing. 576
Figure 200: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel. 577
Figure 201: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor. 577
Figure 202: Demand for carbon nanotubes in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030. 584
Figure 203: Demand for carbon nanotubes in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030. 590
Figure 204: Demand for carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030. 602
Figure 205. CSCNT Reinforced Prepreg. 603
Figure 206: Demand for carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030. 611