The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials 2020-2030: Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Fullerenes, Graphene Quantum Dots, 2D Materials and Nanodiamonds

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Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Fullerenes, Graphene Quantum Dots, 2D Materials and Nanodiamonds

Published December 2020, 1113 pages, 395 tables, 290 figures

Carbon based-nanomaterials include carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene and its derivatives, graphene oxide, nanodiamonds, fullerenes, and graphene quantum dots (GQDs). Due to their unique structural dimensions and excellent mechanical, electrical, thermal, optical and chemical properties, carbon nanomaterials have gained great interest in a wide range of industrial market.

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, MWCNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. Several major producers have closed their MWCNT capacities, but applications continue to come to market and LG Chem has established a large-scale production facility. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.

Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, condcuctive materials, transistors, sensors and memory devices. Again, a number of producers have ceased production, but those left are finding increased demand for their materials. SCWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.

Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.

Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.

Nanodiamonds (NDs) are relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, and have moved towards large-scale commercialization due to their excellent mechanical, thermal properties and chemical stability.

Other carbon nanomaterials of interest include fullerenes and more recently, carbon and graphene quantum dots.

This report on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds market is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative report produced.

Report contents include:

  • Carbon nanotubes, fullerene, nanodiamond, graphene quantum dots and graphene products. 
  • Assessment of carbon nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
  • Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
  • Company profiles of carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials, fullerenes, carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Assessment of carbon nanomaterials by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of to 2030 and main players.
  • In depth-assessment of carbon nanomaterials producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for carbon nanomaterials in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030. 
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global carbon nanomaterials market.
  • In-depth profiles of carbon nanomaterials producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. 
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.

 

Table of contents (PDF)

Table of contents (PDF)

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   59

  • 1.1          GRAPHENE         60
    • 1.1.1      Exceptional properties   60
    • 1.1.2      Commercial opportunities           61
    • 1.1.3      Market collaborations    61
    • 1.1.4      The market in 2019          62
    • 1.1.5      The market in 2020          65
    • 1.1.6      Future global market outlook     65
    • 1.1.7      Graphene producers and production capacities  68
    • 1.1.8      Global graphene demand,  2018-2030, tons         70
    • 1.1.9      Graphene market by region         78
      • 1.1.9.1   Asia-Pacific         78
      • 1.1.9.2   North America   81
      • 1.1.9.3   Europe 83
    • 1.1.10    Graphene products         85
    • 1.1.11    Graphene investments  87
    • 1.1.12    Industrial collaborations and licence agreements              89
    • 1.1.13    Graphene market challenges      96
    • 1.1.14    Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic              98
    • 1.1.15    Industry developments in 2020   99
  • 1.2          CARBON NANOTUBES    100
    • 1.2.1      Market overview             101
    • 1.2.2      Properties of carbon nanotubes 103
    • 1.2.2.1   Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)           103
    • 1.2.3      Comparative properties of CNTs 104
    • 1.2.4      Products and applications             105
    • 1.2.5      MWCNTs             105
      • 1.2.5.1   Applications       106
      • 1.2.5.2   Producers           110
      • 1.2.5.3   Production          111
      • 1.2.5.4   Market demand, tons    112
    • 1.2.6      SWCNTs               115
      • 1.2.6.1   Applications       115
      • 1.2.6.2   Production          115
      • 1.2.6.3   Market demand, tons    117
    • 1.2.7      Carbon nanotubes market challenges     118
    • 1.2.8      Market impact from COVID-19   119
    • 1.2.9      Market developments in carbon nanotubes in 2020           121
  • 1.3          2D MATERIALS  122
  • 1.4          NANODIAMONDS            123
  • 1.5          GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS      124

 

2              OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE            124

  • 2.1          History  124
  • 2.2          Types of graphene           126
  • 2.3          Properties           127
  • 2.4          Graphene Quantum Dots             128
    • 2.4.1      Synthesis             130
    • 2.4.2      Applications       131
      • 2.4.2.1   Optoelectronics, electronics and photonics          131
      • 2.4.2.2   Energy  131
      • 2.4.2.3   Biomedicine and healthcare        131
      • 2.4.2.4   Other    131
    • 2.4.3      Pricing   132
    • 2.4.4      Producers           132

 

3              OVERVIEW OF CARBON NANOTUBES      133

  • 3.1          Properties           133
  • 3.2          Multi-walled nanotubes (MWCNT)           134
    • 3.2.1      Properties           134
    • 3.2.2      Applications       135
  • 3.3          Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT)  135
    • 3.3.1      Properties           135
    • 3.3.2      Applications       136
    • 3.3.3      Comparison between MWCNTs and SWCNTs       138
  • 3.4          Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)          139
    • 3.4.1      Properties           139
    • 3.4.2      Applications       140
  • 3.5          Vertically aligned CNTs (VACNTs)              141
    • 3.5.1      Properties           141
    • 3.5.2      Applications       141
  • 3.6          Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) 142
    • 3.6.1      Properties           142
    • 3.6.2      Applications       143
  • 3.7          Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)           143
    • 3.7.1      Properties           143
    • 3.7.2      Applications       143
  • 3.8          Carbon Onions  144
    • 3.8.1      Properties           144
    • 3.8.2      Applications       145
  • 3.9          Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)            145
    • 3.9.1      Properties           145
    • 3.9.2      Applications       146

 

4              OVERVIEW OF FULLERENES          148

  • 4.1          Properties           148
  • 4.2          Applications       148

 

5              OVERVIEW OF NANODIAMONDS              149

  • 5.1          Types    149
  • 5.2          Production methods       152
    • 5.2.1      Fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs)          153

 

6              OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS         154

  • 6.1          Composition      154
  • 6.2          Comparison to quantum dots     155
  • 6.3          Properties           156
  • 6.4          Synthesis             156
    • 6.4.1      Top-down method          156
    • 6.4.2      Bottom-up method         157
    • 6.4.3      Comparison of synthesis methods            157
  • 6.5          Applications       159

 

7              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             160

  • 7.1          Quality  161
  • 7.2          Assessment of graphene production methods    162

 

8              CARBON NANOMATERIALS REGULATIONS            167

 

9              GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS             172

 

10           CARBON NANOTUBES PATENTS 174

 

11           GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             176

  • 11.1        Commercial production capacities            177
  • 11.2        Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities        178
    • 11.2.1    By producer       178
    • 11.2.2    By region             179
  • 11.3        Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities   180
    • 11.3.1    By producer       181
    • 11.3.2    Production capacity by region     182
  • 11.4        CVD graphene film           183
    • 11.4.1    By producer       183
  • 11.5        Graphene production issues and challenges         184

 

12           CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS AND PRODUCTION         186

 

13           PRODUCTION OF GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS   191

  • 13.1        Current and projected revenues 191

 

14           GRAPHENE PRICING       193

  • 14.1        Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene  195
  • 14.2        Few-Layer graphene pricing        197
  • 14.3        Graphene nanoplatelets pricing 197
  • 14.4        Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing               198
  • 14.5        Graphene quantum dots pricing 200
  • 14.6        Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing           201
  • 14.7        Graphene ink     201

 

15           CARBON NANOTUBES PRICING  202

 

16           NANODIAMONDS PRICING          204

 

17           GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS PRICING    206

 

18           MARKETS FOR GRAPHENE            206

  • 18.1        3D PRINTING     206
    • 18.1.1    Market overview             206
    • 18.1.2    Market prospects            207
    • 18.1.3    Market assessment        208
    • 18.1.4    Applications map             210
    • 18.1.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       211
    • 18.1.6    Product developers        212
  • 18.2        ADHESIVES         215
    • 18.2.1    Market overview             215
    • 18.2.2    Market prospects            215
    • 18.2.3    Market assessment        216
    • 18.2.4    Applications map             218
    • 18.2.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       219
    • 18.2.6    Product developers        220
  • 18.3        AUTOMOTIVE   221
    • 18.3.1    Market overview             221
    • 18.3.2    Market prospects            221
    • 18.3.3    Market assessment        222
    • 18.3.4    Applications Map             224
    • 18.3.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       225
    • 18.3.6    Product developers        226
  • 18.4        BATTERIES           232
    • 18.4.1    Market overview             232
    • 18.4.2    Market prospects            238
    • 18.4.3    Market assessment        242
    • 18.4.4    Applications Map             246
    • 18.4.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       247
    • 18.4.6    Product developers        249
  • 18.5        COMPOSITES     254
    • 18.5.1    Market overview             254
    • 18.5.2    Fiber-based polymer composite parts     254
      • 18.5.2.1                Market prospects            254
      • 18.5.2.2                Market assessment        255
      • 18.5.2.3                Applications map             258
    • 18.5.3    Metal-matrix composites             259
      • 18.5.3.1                Market assessment        259
    • 18.5.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       260
    • 18.5.5    Product developers        261
  • 18.6        CONDUCTIVE INKS          267
    • 18.6.1    Market overview             267
    • 18.6.2    Market prospects            267
    • 18.6.3    Market assessment        268
    • 18.6.4    Applications map             272
    • 18.6.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       273
    • 18.6.6    Product developers        274
  • 18.7        CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS       277
    • 18.7.1    Market overview             277
    • 18.7.2    Market prospects            278
    • 18.7.3    Market assessment        278
      • 18.7.3.1                Cement 279
      • 18.7.3.2                Asphalt bitumen               281
    • 18.7.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       281
    • 18.7.5    Product developers        282
  • 18.8        ELECTRONICS     285
    • 18.8.1    WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS 285
      • 18.8.1.1                Market overview             285
      • 18.8.1.2                Market prospects            285
      • 18.8.1.3                Market assessment        286
      • 18.8.1.4                Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      288
      • 18.8.1.5                Product developers        289
    • 18.8.2    TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS            293
      • 18.8.2.1                Market overview             293
      • 18.8.2.2                Market prospects            293
      • 18.8.2.3                Market assessment        294
      • 18.8.2.4                Applications map             296
      • 18.8.2.5                Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      296
      • 18.8.2.6                Product developers        297
    • 18.8.3    MEMORY DEVICES           300
      • 18.8.3.1                Market overview             300
      • 18.8.3.2                Market prospects            300
      • 18.8.3.3                Market assessment        301
      • 18.8.3.4                Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       302
      • 18.8.3.5                Product developers        303
  • 18.9        FILTRATION        306
    • 18.9.1    Market overview             306
    • 18.9.2    Market prospects            306
    • 18.9.3    Market assessment        307
    • 18.9.4    Applications map             311
    • 18.9.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       312
    • 18.9.6    Product developers        313
  • 18.10     FUEL CELLS          317
    • 18.10.1  Market overview             317
    • 18.10.2  Market prospects            317
    • 18.10.3  Market assessment        318
    • 18.10.4  Applications map             321
    • 18.10.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       322
    • 18.10.6  Product developers        323
  • 18.11     LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE    324
    • 18.11.1  Market overview             324
    • 18.11.2  Market prospects            325
      • 18.11.2.1              Drug delivery     325
      • 18.11.2.2              Imaging and diagnostics 325
      • 18.11.2.3              Implants              326
      • 18.11.2.4              Medical biosensors         327
      • 18.11.2.5              Woundcare        327
      • 18.11.2.6              PPE        328
      • 18.11.2.7              Medical wearables          329
    • 18.11.3  Market assessment        330
    • 18.11.4  Applications map             334
    • 18.11.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       335
    • 18.11.6  Product developers        337
  • 18.12     LIGHTING            341
    • 18.12.1  Market overview             341
    • 18.12.2  Market prospects            341
    • 18.12.3  Market assessment        342
    • 18.12.4  Applications map             344
    • 18.12.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       344
    • 18.12.6  Product developers        345
  • 18.13     LUBRICANTS      347
    • 18.13.1  Market overview             347
    • 18.13.2  Market prospects            348
    • 18.13.3  Market assessment        349
    • 18.13.4  Applications map             351
    • 18.13.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       351
    • 18.13.6  Product developers        353
  • 18.14     OIL AND GAS      356
    • 18.14.1  Market overview             356
    • 18.14.2  Market prospects            356
    • 18.14.3  Market assessment        357
    • 18.14.4  Applications map             359
    • 18.14.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       359
    • 18.14.6  Product developers        361
  • 18.15     PAINTS AND COATINGS 363
    • 18.15.1  Market overview             363
    • 18.15.2  Market prospects            363
    • 18.15.3  Market assessment        364
    • 18.15.4  Applications map             367
    • 18.15.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       368
    • 18.15.6  Product developers        369
  • 18.16     PHOTONICS        375
    • 18.16.1  Market overview             375
    • 18.16.2  Market prospects            375
    • 18.16.3  Market assessment        376
    • 18.16.4  Applications map             379
    • 18.16.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       380
    • 18.16.6  Product developers        381
  • 18.17     PHOTOVOLTAICS             383
    • 18.17.1  Market overview             383
    • 18.17.2  Market prospects            384
    • 18.17.3  Market assessment        385
    • 18.17.4  Applications map             387
    • 18.17.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       388
    • 18.17.6  Product developers        389
  • 18.18     RUBBER AND TIRES          391
    • 18.18.1  Market overview             391
    • 18.18.2  Market prospects            391
    • 18.18.3  Market assessment        392
    • 18.18.4  Applications map             395
    • 18.18.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       395
    • 18.18.6  Product developers        397
  • 18.19     SENSORS             400
    • 18.19.1  Market overview             400
    • 18.19.2  Market prospects            401
    • 18.19.3  Market assessment        401
    • 18.19.4  Applications map             405
    • 18.19.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       406
    • 18.19.6  Product developers        407
  • 18.20     SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL  412
    • 18.20.1  Market overview             412
    • 18.20.2  Market prospects            413
    • 18.20.3  Market assessment        413
    • 18.20.4  Applications map             417
    • 18.20.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       418
    • 18.20.6  Product developers        420
  • 18.21     SUPERCAPACITORS         425
    • 18.21.1  Market overview             425
    • 18.21.2  Market prospects            425
    • 18.21.3  Market assessment        426
    • 18.21.4  Applications map             429
    • 18.21.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       429
    • 18.21.6  Product developers        431

 

19           MARKETS FOR CARBON NANOTUBES      433

  • 19.1        3D PRINTING     433
    • 19.1.1    Market overview             433
    • 19.1.2    Applications       433
    • 19.1.3    Market assessment        434
    • 19.1.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       436
    • 19.1.5    Product developers        437
  • 19.2        ADHESIVES         438
    • 19.2.1    Market overview             439
    • 19.2.2    Applications       439
    • 19.2.3    Market prospects            439
    • 19.2.4    Market assessment        440
    • 19.2.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       442
    • 19.2.6    Product developers        443
  • 19.3        AEROSPACE        444
    • 19.3.1    Market overview             445
    • 19.3.2    Applications       445
    • 19.3.3    Market prospects            447
    • 19.3.4    Market assessment        447
    • 19.3.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       449
    • 19.3.6    Product developers        450
  • 19.4        AUTOMOTIVE   454
    • 19.4.1    Market overview             454
    • 19.4.2    Applications       454
    • 19.4.3    Market prospects            456
    • 19.4.4    Market assessment        456
    • 19.4.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       459
    • 19.4.6    Product developers        460
  • 19.5        BATTERIES           463
    • 19.5.1    Market overview             463
    • 19.5.2    Applications       463
      • 19.5.2.1                Nanomaterials in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries 464
      • 19.5.2.2                Nanomaterials in Sodium-ion batteries   465
      • 19.5.3    Nanomaterials in Lithium-air batteries    466
      • 19.5.4    Flexible and stretchable batteries in electronics  467
      • 19.5.5    Flexible and stretchable LIBs       468
        • 19.5.5.1                Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries          471
        • 19.5.5.2                Stretchable lithium-ion batteries               471
        • 19.5.5.3                Origami and kirigami lithium-ion batteries            472
        • 19.5.5.4                Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries          473
        • 19.5.5.5                Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               473
    • 19.5.6    Materials             474
    • 19.5.7    Market prospects            476
    • 19.5.8    Market assessment        477
    • 19.5.9    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       480
    • 19.5.10  Product developers        481
  • 19.6        COMPOSITES     487
    • 19.6.1    Market overview             487
    • 19.6.2    Fiber-based polymer composite parts     487
      • 19.6.2.1                Market prospects            488
      • 19.6.2.2                Applications       488
      • 19.6.2.3                Market assessment        490
      • 19.6.2.4                Metal-matrix composites             495
      • 19.6.2.5                Market assessment        495
    • 19.6.3    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       497
    • 19.6.4    Product developers        498
  • 19.7        CONDUCTIVE INKS          504
    • 19.7.1    Market overview             504
    • 19.7.2    Applications       504
    • 19.7.3    Market prospects            505
    • 19.7.4    Market assessment        506
    • 19.7.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       509
    • 19.7.6    Product developers        510
  • 19.8        CONSTRUCTION               513
    • 19.8.1    Market overview             513
    • 19.8.2    Market prospects            513
    • 19.8.3    Market assessment        514
      • 19.8.3.1                Cement 514
      • 19.8.3.2                Asphalt bitumen               516
    • 19.8.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       517
    • 19.8.5    Product developers        518
  • 19.9        ELECTRONICS     520
    • 19.9.1    WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS 520
      • 19.9.1.1                Market overview             520
      • 19.9.1.2                Market prospects            521
      • 19.9.1.3                Applications       522
      • 19.9.1.4                Market assessment        522
      • 19.9.1.5                Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      526
      • 19.9.1.6                Product developers        527
    • 19.9.2    TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS            529
      • 19.9.2.1                Market overview             529
      • 19.9.2.2                Applications       530
      • 19.9.2.3                Market prospects            531
      • 19.9.2.4                Market assessment        531
      • 19.9.2.5                Global market, historical and forecast to 2030      534
      • 19.9.2.6                Product developers        535
    • 19.9.3    MEMORY DEVICES           538
      • 19.9.3.1                Market overview             538
      • 19.9.3.2                Market prospects            538
      • 19.9.3.3                Market assessment        539
      • 19.9.3.4                Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       541
      • 19.9.3.5                Product developers        542
  • 19.10     FILTRATION        544
    • 19.10.1  Market overview             544
    • 19.10.2  Applications       546
    • 19.10.3  Market prospects            546
    • 19.10.4  Market assessment        547
    • 19.10.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       550
    • 19.10.6  Product developers        551
  • 19.11     FUEL CELLS          554
    • 19.11.1  Market overview             554
    • 19.11.2  Applications       555
    • 19.11.3  Market prospects            555
    • 19.11.4  Market assessment        556
    • 19.11.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       559
    • 19.11.6  Product developers        560
  • 19.12     LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE    561
    • 19.12.1  Market overview             561
    • 19.12.2  Applications       562
    • 19.12.3  Market prospects            565
      • 19.12.3.1              Drug delivery     565
      • 19.12.3.2              Imaging and diagnostics 565
      • 19.12.3.3              Implants              566
      • 19.12.3.4              Medical biosensors         567
      • 19.12.3.5              Woundcare        567
    • 19.12.4  Market assessment        568
    • 19.12.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       573
    • 19.12.6  Product developers        574
  • 19.13     LUBRICANTS      580
    • 19.13.1  Market overview             580
    • 19.13.2  Applications       580
    • 19.13.3  Market prospects            581
    • 19.13.4  Market assessment        581
    • 19.13.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       583
    • 19.13.6  Product developers        584
  • 19.14     OIL AND GAS      586
    • 19.14.1  Market overview             586
    • 19.14.2  Applications       586
    • 19.14.3  Market prospects            587
    • 19.14.4  Market assessment        588
    • 19.14.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       589
    • 19.14.6  Product developers        591
  • 19.15     PAINTS AND COATINGS 592
    • 19.15.1  Market overview             592
    • 19.15.2  Applications       595
    • 19.15.3  Market prospects            596
    • 19.15.4  Market assessment        597
    • 19.15.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       600
    • 19.15.6  Product developers        602
  • 19.16     PHOTOVOLTAICS             606
    • 19.16.1  Market overview             606
    • 19.16.2  Applications       607
    • 19.16.3  Market prospects            607
    • 19.16.4  Market assessment        607
    • 19.16.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       610
    • 19.16.6  Product developers        611
  • 19.17     RUBBER AND TIRES          612
    • 19.17.1  Market overview             612
    • 19.17.2  Applications       613
    • 19.17.3  Market prospects            614
    • 19.17.4  Market assessment        614
    • 19.17.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       617
    • 19.17.6  Product developers        618
  • 19.18     SENSORS             620
    • 19.18.1  Market overview             620
    • 19.18.2  Applications       621
    • 19.18.3  Market prospects            623
    • 19.18.4  Market assessment        623
    • 19.18.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       625
    • 19.18.6  Product developers        626
  • 19.19     SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL  629
    • 19.19.1  Market overview             629
    • 19.19.2  Applications       631
    • 19.19.3  Market prospects            631
    • 19.19.4  Market assessment        632
    • 19.19.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       635
    • 19.19.6  Product developers        636
  • 19.20     SUPERCAPACITORS         637
    • 19.20.1  Market overview             637
    • 19.20.2  Applications       638
    • 19.20.3  Market prospects            639
    • 19.20.4  Market assessment        639
    • 19.20.5  Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       641
    • 19.20.6  Product developers        643
  • 19.21     OTHER MARKETS              644
    • 19.21.1  THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS             645
      • 19.21.1.1              Market assessment        645
    • 19.21.2  POWER CABLES 646
      • 19.21.2.1              Market assessment        646

 

20           MARKETS FOR NANODIAMONDS              647

  • 20.1        LUBRICANTS      648
    • 20.1.1    Market overview             648
    • 20.1.2    Market assessment        649
    • 20.1.3    Global Market for nanodiamonds in lubricants 2017-2030 (tons) 651
  • 20.2        ELECTRONIC POLISHING MATERIALS        652
    • 20.2.1    Market overview             653
    • 20.2.2    Market assessment        653
    • 20.2.3    Global Market for nanodiamonds in polishing additives 2017-2030 (tons)               655
  • 20.3        ELECTROPLATING AND ANTI-WEAR/FRICTION COATINGS 656
    • 20.3.1    Market overview             656
    • 20.3.2    Market assessment        656
    • 20.3.3    Global Market for nanodiamonds in electroplating and anti-wear/friction coatings 2017-2030 (tons)         659
  • 20.4        DRUG DELIVERY 661
    • 20.4.1    Market overview             661
    • 20.4.2    Market assessment        667
  • 20.5        PLASTICS (THERMOPLASTICS, THERMOSET, COMPOSITES)             671
    • 20.5.1    Market overview             671
    • 20.5.2    Fiber-based polymer composite parts     672
      • 20.5.2.1                Market prospects            672
      • 20.5.2.2                Market assessment        672
      • 20.5.2.3                Global Market for nanodiamonds in composites 2017-2030 (tons)             674
    • 20.5.3    Metal-matrix composites             677
      • 20.5.3.1                Market assessment        677
      • 20.5.3.2                Global Market for nanodiamonds in metal-matrix composites 2017-2030, tons    678
  • 20.6        SKINCARE            680
    • 20.6.1    Market overview             680
    • 20.6.2    Market assessment        680
    • 20.6.3    Global Market for nanodiamonds in skincare 2017-2030 (tons)    683
  • 20.7        SUPERCAPACITORS         685
    • 20.7.1    Market overview             685
    • 20.7.2    Market assessment        686
    • 20.7.3    Global Market for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors 2017-2030 (tons)    687
  • 20.8        BATTERIES           689
    • 20.8.1    Market overview             689
    • 20.8.2    Market assessment        689
    • 20.8.3    Global Market for nanodiamonds in batteries (tons)         690

 

21           MARKETS FOR FULLERENES         692

  • 21.1        Applications       693
  • 21.2        Technology readiness level (TRL)               693
  • 21.3        Demand by market         694
  • 21.4        Demand in tons, 2010-2030          695
  • 21.5        Demand by region           696
  • 21.6        Prices    697

 

22           MARKETS FOR GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS        697

  • 22.1        Electronics and photonics             697
  • 22.2        Energy storage and conversion  698
  • 22.3        Sensors 699
  • 22.4        Biomedicine and life sciences     700
  • 22.5        Anti-counterfeiting         701

 

23           GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS            703 (286 company profiles)

 

24           MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES COMPANY PROFILES          885 (115 company profiles)

 

25           SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES COMPANY PROFILES        969 (14 company profiles)

 

26           NANODIAMOND PRODUCER PROFILES   984 (30 company profiles)

 

27           GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS PRODUCERS            1012 (9 company profiles)

 

28           FULLERENES PRODUCERS             1021

 

29           OTHER 2-D MATERIALS  1030

  • 29.1        BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBES (BNNT)     1032
    • 29.1.1    Properties           1032
    • 29.1.2    Applications       1033
      • 29.1.2.1                Electronics          1033
      • 29.1.2.2                Filtration              1034
      • 29.1.2.3                Composites        1035
      • 29.1.2.4                Medicine and life sciences           1035
    • 29.1.3    Production          1036
  • 29.2        HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE (BNNS)     1037
    • 29.2.1    Properties           1037
    • 29.2.2    Applications       1038
      • 29.2.2.1                Electronics          1038
      • 29.2.2.2                Fuel cells              1038
      • 29.2.2.3                Adsorbents        1038
      • 29.2.2.4                Photodetectors 1038
      • 29.2.2.5                Textiles 1038
      • 29.2.2.6                Biomedical          1039
  • 29.3        TRANSITION METAL DICHALCOGENIDES (TMDCs)              1041
    • 29.3.1    Properties           1041
    • 29.3.2    Applications       1042
      • 29.3.2.1                Electronics          1042
      • 29.3.2.2                Photovoltaics     1043
      • 29.3.2.3                Piezoelectrics    1043
      • 29.3.2.4                Sensors 1043
      • 29.3.2.5                Filtration              1044
      • 29.3.2.6                Batteries              1044
      • 29.3.2.7                Fiber lasers         1044
  • 29.4        MXENES               1045
    • 29.4.1    Properties           1045
    • 29.4.2    Applications       1047
      • 29.4.2.1                Catalysts              1047
      • 29.4.2.2                Batteries              1048
      • 29.4.2.3                Gas storage media           1049
      • 29.4.2.4                Sensors 1050
  • 29.5        BOROPHENE      1051
    • 29.5.1    Properties           1051
    • 29.5.2    Applications       1051
  • 29.6        PHOSPHORENE 1052
    • 29.6.1    Properties           1053
      • 29.6.1.1                Fabrication methods      1054
      • 29.6.1.2                Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices              1055
    • 29.6.2    Applications       1055
      • 29.6.2.1                Electronics          1055
      • 29.6.2.2                Batteries              1056
      • 29.6.2.3                Photodetectors 1057
      • 29.6.2.4                Sensors 1057
  • 29.7        GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)    1057
    • 29.7.1    Properties           1058
    • 29.7.2    Synthesis             1058
    • 29.7.3    C2N        1058
    • 29.7.4    Applications       1059
      • 29.7.4.1                Electronics          1059
      • 29.7.4.2                Filtration membranes    1059
      • 29.7.4.3                Photocatalysts  1059
      • 29.7.4.4                Batteries (LIBs)  1059
      • 29.7.4.5                Sensors 1059
  • 29.8        GERMANENE     1060
    • 29.8.1    Properties           1060
    • 29.8.2    Applications       1060
      • 29.8.2.1                Electronics          1060
      • 29.8.2.2                Batteries              1061
  • 29.9        GRAPHDIYNE     1062
    • 29.9.1    Properties           1062
    • 29.9.2    Applications       1063
      • 29.9.2.1                Electronics          1063
      • 29.9.2.2                Batteries              1063
      • 29.9.2.3                Separation membranes 1063
      • 29.9.2.4                Water filtration 1063
      • 29.9.2.5                Photocatalysts  1063
      • 29.9.2.6                Photovoltaics     1064
  • 29.10     GRAPHANE         1064
    • 29.10.1  Properties           1064
    • 29.10.2  Applications       1064
      • 29.10.2.1              Electronics          1065
      • 29.10.2.2              Hydrogen storage            1065
  • 29.11     RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)     1065
    • 29.11.1  Properties           1066
    • 29.11.2  Applications       1066
      • 29.11.2.1              Electronics          1066
  • 29.12     SILICENE              1066
    • 29.12.1  Properties           1067
    • 29.12.2  Applications       1067
      • 29.12.2.1              Electronics          1067
      • 29.12.2.2              Photovoltaics     1068
      • 29.12.2.3              Thermoelectrics               1068
      • 29.12.2.4              Batteries              1068
      • 29.12.2.5              Sensors 1069
  • 29.13     STANENE/TINENE            1069
    • 29.13.1  Properties           1069
    • 29.13.2  Applications       1070
      • 29.13.2.1              Electronics          1070
  • 29.14     TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE 1071
    • 29.14.1  Properties           1071
    • 29.14.2  Applications       1071
      • 29.14.2.1              Electronics          1072
  • 29.15     ANTIMONENE   1072
    • 29.15.1  Properties           1072
    • 29.15.2  Applications       1072
  • 29.16     DIAMENE            1072
    • 29.16.1  Properties           1072
    • 29.16.2  Applications       1073
  • 29.17     INDIUM SELENIDE            1073
    • 29.17.1  Properties           1073
    • 29.17.2  Applications       1073
      • 29.17.2.1              Electronics          1073
  • 29.18     COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS         1074

 

30           RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         1076

 

31           REFERENCES       1082

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell into 2020.     68
  • Table 2. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.              71
  • Table 3. Main graphene producers in North America.       81
  • Table 4. Main graphene producers in Europe.      83
  • Table 5: Consumer products incorporating graphene.      85
  • Table 6: Graphene investments and financial agreements.            87
  • Table 7. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.        90
  • Table 8. Graphene market challenges.    97
  • Table 9. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   98
  • Table 10. Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications.        102
  • Table 11. Typical properties of SWCNT and MWCNT.        103
  • Table 12: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 104
  • Table 13. Applications of MWCNTs.          106
  • Table 14. Key MWCNT producers.             110
  • Table 15. Annual production capacity of the key MWCNT producers in 2018.         111
  • Table 16. MWCNT market demand forecast (tons), 2018-2030.     112
  • Table 17.  Comparative properties of MWCNT and SWCNT.           115
  • Table 18. Annual production capacity of the key SWCNT producers in 2019.           115
  • Table 19. SWCNT market demand forecast (tons), 2018-2030.      117
  • Table 20. Carbon nanotubes market challenges. 118
  • Table 21. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   119
  • Table 22: Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.            127
  • Table 23. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 129
  • Table 24. Graphene quantum dot producers.      132
  • Table 25: Properties of carbon nanotubes.           133
  • Table 26: Markets, benefits and applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes.              136
  • Table 27: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes.       138
  • Table 28. Comparative properties of BNNTs and CNTs.    146
  • Table 29. Applications of BNNTs.               146
  • Table 30. Properties of nanodiamonds.  151
  • Table 31. Summary of types of NDS and production methods-advantages and disadvantages.       152
  • Table 32. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 155
  • Table 33. Advantages and disadvantages of methods for preparing GQDs.              158
  • Table 34. Applications of graphene quantum dots.            159
  • Table 35. Assessment of graphene production methods. 163
  • Table 36. Regulations and rulings related to carbon nanomaterials in Europe.       168
  • Table 37. Regulations and rulings related to carbon nanomaterials in North America.        168
  • Table 38. Regulations and rulings related to carbon nanomaterials in Asia-Pacific.               169
  • Table 39: Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018. 172
  • Table 40. Location of SWCNT patent filings 2008-2019.     175
  • Table 41. Main SWCNT patent assignees.              175
  • Table 42. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.            176
  • Table 43: Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2019.   178
  • Table 44: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.          179
  • Table 45: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018.           181
  • Table 46: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.                 182
  • Table 47: CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2010-2018/ 000s m2.                183
  • Table 48. Comparison of  well-established approaches for CNT synthesis.               186
  • Table 49: SWCNT synthesis methods.     187
  • Table 50: Types of graphene and typical prices.   194
  • Table 51: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   196
  • Table 52: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           197
  • Table 53: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   198
  • Table 54: Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        199
  • Table 55: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  200
  • Table 56: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         201
  • Table 57: Graphene ink pricing by producer.        201
  • Table 58. Carbon nanotubes pricing (MWCNTS, SWCNT etc.) by producer.              202
  • Table 59. Pricing of nanodiamonds, by producer/distributor.        204
  • Table 60. Prices for graphene quantum dots.       206
  • Table 61. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing.  206
  • Table 62. Scorecard for graphene in 3D printing. 207
  • Table 63. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing.    208
  • Table 64: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.              211
  • Table 65: Product developers in graphene 3D printing.    212
  • Table 66. Market overview for graphene in adhesives.    215
  • Table 67. Scorecard for graphene in adhesives.  215
  • Table 68. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives.      216
  • Table 69: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.  219
  • Table 70: Product developers in graphene adhesives.      220
  • Table 71. Market overview for graphene in automotive. 221
  • Table 72. Scorecard for graphene in automotive.               221
  • Table 73. Market and applications for graphene in automotive.   222
  • Table 74: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.               225
  • Table 75: Product developers in the graphene automotive market.           227
  • Table 76. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.        233
  • Table 77. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      238
  • Table 78. Scorecard for graphene in batteries.    239
  • Table 79. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.    239
  • Table 80. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.                242
  • Table 81. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.        242
  • Table 82: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               247
  • Table 83: Product developers in graphene batteries.        249
  • Table 84. Market overview for graphene in composites. 254
  • Table 85. Scorecard for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts.            254
  • Table 86. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts.  255
  • Table 87. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites.        259
  • Table 88. Global market for graphene in composites 2018-2030, tons.      260
  • Table 89: Product developers in graphene composites.   261
  • Table 90. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.          267
  • Table 91. Scorecard for graphene in conductive inks.        267
  • Table 92. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.           268
  • Table 93. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       271
  • Table 94: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2027.         273
  • Table 95: Product developers in graphene conductive inks.           274
  • Table 96. Market overview for graphene in construction.               277
  • Table 97. Scorecard for graphene in construction.             278
  • Table 98. Graphene for cement. 279
  • Table 99. Graphene for asphalt bitumen.               281
  • Table 100: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030.          281
  • Table 101: Graphene product developers in construction.              282
  • Table 102. Market overview for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.   285
  • Table 103. Scorecard for graphene in wearable electronics and displays. 285
  • Table 104. Market and applications for graphene in electronics.  286
  • Table 105: Comparison of ITO replacements.       288
  • Table 106: Demand for graphene in flexible electronics, 2018-2030.           288
  • Table 107: Product developers in graphene-based electronics.    290
  • Table 108. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.   293
  • Table 109. Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors.   293
  • Table 110. Scorecard for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits. 293
  • Table 111. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.     294
  • Table 112: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.             296
  • Table 113: Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits.     297
  • Table 114. Market overview for graphene in memory devices.     300
  • Table 115. Scorecard for graphene in memory devices.   300
  • Table 116. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices.      301
  • Table 117: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030.               303
  • Table 118: Product developers in graphene memory devices.      304
  • Table 119. Market overview for graphene in filtration.     306
  • Table 120. Scorecard for graphene in filtration.   306
  • Table 121. Market and applications for graphene in filtration.      307
  • Table 122: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.  312
  • Table 123: Graphene companies in filtration.       313
  • Table 124. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells.     317
  • Table 125. Scorecard for graphene in fuel cells.   317
  • Table 126. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells.      318
  • Table 127: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.  322
  • Table 128: Product developers in graphene fuel cells.      323
  • Table 129. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine.  324
  • Table 130. Scorecard for graphene in drug delivery.          325
  • Table 131. Scorecard for graphene in imaging and diagnostics.    325
  • Table 132. Scorecard for graphene in medical implants.  326
  • Table 133. Scorecard for graphene in medical biosensors.              327
  • Table 134. Scorecard for graphene in woundcare.             327
  • Table 135. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine.   330
  • Table 136: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.  335
  • Table 137: Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine.             337
  • Table 138. Market overview for graphene in lighting.       341
  • Table 139. Scorecard for graphene in lighting.      341
  • Table 140. Market and applications for graphene in lighting.         342
  • Table 141: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030.  344
  • Table 142: Product developers in graphene lighting.         345
  • Table 143. Market overview for graphene in lubricants.  347
  • Table 144. Nanomaterial lubricant products.        347
  • Table 145. Scorecard for graphene in lubricants. 348
  • Table 146. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants.    349
  • Table 147: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.                351
  • Table 148: Product developers in graphene lubricants.    353
  • Table 149. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas. 356
  • Table 150. Scorecard for graphene in oil and gas.               356
  • Table 151. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas.  357
  • Table 152: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.              359
  • Table 153: Product developers in graphene oil and gas.   361
  • Table 154. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.                363
  • Table 155. Scorecard for graphene in paints and coatings.              363
  • Table 156. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings. 364
  • Table 157: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.             368
  • Table 158: Product developers in graphene paints and coatings. 369
  • Table 159. Market overview for graphene in photonics.  375
  • Table 160. Scorecard for graphene in photonics. 375
  • Table 161. Market and applications for graphene in photonics.    376
  • Table 162: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030.             380
  • Table 163: Product developers in graphene photonics.    381
  • Table 164. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics.           383
  • Table 165. Scorecard for graphene in photovoltaics.         384
  • Table 166. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics.            385
  • Table 167: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.        388
  • Table 168: Product developers in graphene solar.              389
  • Table 169. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires.      391
  • Table 170. Scorecard for graphene in rubber and tires.    391
  • Table 171. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires.       392
  • Table 172: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.   396
  • Table 173: Product developers in rubber and tires.            397
  • Table 174. Market overview for graphene in sensors.      400
  • Table 175. Scorecard for graphene in sensors.     401
  • Table 176. Market and applications for graphene in sensors.        401
  • Table 177: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.    406
  • Table 178: Product developers in graphene sensors.        407
  • Table 179. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.  412
  • Table 180. Scorecard for graphene in smart textiles and apparel. 413
  • Table 181. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.    413
  • Table 182: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.     418
  • Table 183: Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel.   420
  • Table 184. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.      425
  • Table 185. Scorecard for graphene in supercapacitors.    425
  • Table 186: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.            426
  • Table 187. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.        426
  • Table 188: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.    430
  • Table 189: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.        431
  • Table 190. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in 3D printing.               433
  • Table 191. Applications of carbon nanotubes in 3D printing.          433
  • Table 192. Market and applications for carbon nanotubesin 3D printing. 434
  • Table 193: Demand for carbon nanotubes in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.          436
  • Table 194: Product developers in carbon nanotubes in 3D printing.            437
  • Table 195. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in adhesives. 439
  • Table 196. Applications of carbon nanotubes in adhesives.            439
  • Table 197. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in adhesives.               440
  • Table 198. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in adhesives.  440
  • Table 199: Demand for carbon nanotubes in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.              442
  • Table 200: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for adhesives.           444
  • Table 201. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in aerospace. 445
  • Table 202. Applications of carbon nanomaterials in aerospace.    445
  • Table 203. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in aerospace.              447
  • Table 204. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in aerospace.  448
  • Table 205: Demand for carbon nanotubes in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030.              449
  • Table 206: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for aerospace.           450
  • Table 207. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in automotive.             454
  • Table 208. Applications of carbon nanotubes in automotive.        454
  • Table 209. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in automotive.           456
  • Table 210. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in automotive.               457
  • Table 211: Demand for carbon nanotubes in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.           459
  • Table 212: Product developers in carbon nanotubes in the automotive market.   460
  • Table 213. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in batteries.   463
  • Table 214. Applications of carbon nanotubes in batteries.              463
  • Table 215: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.       465
  • Table 216: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.         466
  • Table 217. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                475
  • Table 218. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in batteries. 476
  • Table 219. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in batteries.    477
  • Table 220: Estimated demand for carbon nanotubes in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.            480
  • Table 221: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for batteries.             481
  • Table 222. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in composites.              487
  • Table 223. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in fiber-based polymer composite parts.         488
  • Table 224. Applications of carbon nanotubes in fiber-based polymer composite parts.      488
  • Table 225. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in fiber-based composite parts.              490
  • Table 226. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in metal matrix composites.     496
  • Table 227. Global market for carbon nanotubes in composites 2018-2030, tons.  497
  • Table 228: Product developers in carbon nanotubes in composites.           498
  • Table 229. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in conductive inks.      504
  • Table 230. Applications of carbon nanoMATERIALS in conductive ink.       504
  • Table 231. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in conductive inks.    505
  • Table 232. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in conductive inks.        506
  • Table 233. Comparative properties of conductive inks.    509
  • Table 234: Demand for carbon nanotubes in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2027.     509
  • Table 235: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for conductive inks. 510
  • Table 236. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in construction.            513
  • Table 237. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in construction.          513
  • Table 238. Carbon nanotubes for cement.            514
  • Table 239. Carbon nanotubes for asphalt bitumen.           516
  • Table 240: Demand for carbon nanotubes in construction (tons), 2018-2030.         517
  • Table 241: Carbon nanotubes product developers in construction.             518
  • Table 242. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in wearable electronics and displays.  520
  • Table 243. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in wearable electronics and displays. 521
  • Table 244. Applications of carbon nanotubes in wearable electronics and displays.             522
  • Table 245. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in wearable electronics and displays.    522
  • Table 246: Comparison of ITO replacements.       525
  • Table 247: Demand for carbon nanotubes in wearable electronics and displays, 2018-2030.            526
  • Table 248: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for electronics.          527
  • Table 249. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in transistors and integrated circuits.  529
  • Table 250. Applications of carbon nanotubes in transistors and integrated circuits.             530
  • Table 251. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in transistors and integrated circuits. 531
  • Table 252. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in transistors and integrated circuits.    531
  • Table 253: Demand for carbon nanotubes in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.            534
  • Table 254: Product developers in carbon nanotubes in transistors and integrated circuits.               535
  • Table 255. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in memory devices.    538
  • Table 256. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in memory devices.  538
  • Table 257. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in memory devices.     539
  • Table 258: Demand for carbon nanotubes in memory devices, 2018-2030.              541
  • Table 259: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for memory devices.              542
  • Table 260: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane technologies  544
  • Table 261. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in filtration.    545
  • Table 262. Applications of carbon nanotubes in filtration.               546
  • Table 263. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in filtration.  546
  • Table 264. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in filtration.     547
  • Table 265: Demand for carbon nanotubes in filtration (tons), 2018-2030. 550
  • Table 266: Carbon nanotubes companies in filtration.      551
  • Table 267. Electrical conductivity of different catalyst supports compared to carbon nanotubes.  554
  • Table 268. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in fuel cells.   554
  • Table 269. Applications of carbon nanotubes in fuel cells.               555
  • Table 270. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in fuel cells.  555
  • Table 271. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in fuel cells.     556
  • Table 272: Demand for carbon nanotubes in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.                 559
  • Table 273: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for fuel cells.              560
  • Table 274. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in life sciences and medicine. 562
  • Table 275. Applications of carbon nanotubes in life sciences and biomedicine       562
  • Table 276. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in drug delivery.        565
  • Table 277. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in imaging and diagnostics.   565
  • Table 278. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in medical implants. 566
  • Table 279. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in medical biosensors.            567
  • Table 280. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in woundcare.            567
  • Table 281. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in life sciences and medicine.  568
  • Table 282: Demand for carbon nanotubes in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030. 573
  • Table 283: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for life sciences and biomedicine.     574
  • Table 284. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in lubricants. 580
  • Table 286. Applications of carbon nanotubes in lubricants.            580
  • Table 287. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in lubricants.               581
  • Table 288. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in lubricants.   581
  • Table 289: Demand for carbon nanotubes in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.              583
  • Table 290: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for lubricants.            584
  • Table 291. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in oil and gas.                586
  • Table 292. Applications of carbon nanotubes in oil and gas.           586
  • Table 293. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in oil and gas.              587
  • Table 294. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in oil and gas. 588
  • Table 295: Demand for carbon nanotubes in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.             589
  • Table 296: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for oil and gas.           591
  • Table 297. Markets for nanocoatings.     592
  • Table 298. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings.              594
  • Table 299. Applications of carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings.         595
  • Table 300. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings.            596
  • Table 301. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings. 597
  • Table 302: Demand for carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.            601
  • Table 303: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for paints and coatings.         602
  • Table 304. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics.          606
  • Table 305. Applications of carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics.     607
  • Table 306. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics.        607
  • Table 307. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics.           608
  • Table 308: Demand for carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.       610
  • Table 309: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for solar.      611
  • Table 310. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in rubber and tires.     612
  • Table 311. Applications of carbon nanomaterials in rubber and tires.        613
  • Table 312. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in rubber and tires.   614
  • Table 313. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in rubber and tires.      614
  • Table 314: Demand for carbon nanotubes in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.  617
  • Table 315: Product developers in carbon nanotubes in rubber and tires.  618
  • Table 316. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in sensors.     621
  • Table 317. Applications of carbon nanotubes in sensors. 621
  • Table 318. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in sensors.   623
  • Table 319. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in sensors.       623
  • Table 320: Demand for carbon nanotubes in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.   625
  • Table 321: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for sensors. 627
  • Table 322: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials. 629
  • Table 323. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in smart textiles and apparel. 630
  • Table 324. Applications of carbon nanotubes in smart textiles and apparel.            631
  • Table 325. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in smart textiles and apparel.               631
  • Table 326. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in smart textiles and apparel.  632
  • Table 327: Demand for carbon nanotubes in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.    635
  • Table 328: Carbon nanotubes product developers in smart textiles and apparel.  636
  • Table 329. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.     638
  • Table 330. Applications of carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors. 638
  • Table 331. Scorecard for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.   639
  • Table 332. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.       639
  • Table 333: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.  641
  • Table 334: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors. 643
  • Table 335. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in thermal interface materials. 645
  • Table 336. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in power cables.            646
  • Table 337. Market overview for nanodiamonds in lubricants.        648
  • Table 338. Nanomaterial lubricant products.        648
  • Table 339. Market and applications for nanodiamonds in lubricants.         649
  • Table 340. Global Market for nanodiamonds in lubricants 2017-2030 (tons)          651
  • Table 341: Market overview for NDs in polishing materials.           653
  • Table 342. Market and applications for nanodiamonds in polishing materials.       653
  • Table 343. Global Market for nanodiamonds in polishing additives 2017-2030 (tons).        655
  • Table 344: Market overview for NDs in electroplating and anti-friction/wear coatings.      656
  • Table 345. Market and applications for NDs in anti-friction and anti-corrosion coatings.    657
  • Table 346. Global Market for nanodiamonds in electroplating and anti-wear/friction coatings 2017-2030 (tons).  659
  • Table 347. Market overview for NDs in drug delivery.      662
  • Table 348.  Different nanoparticle vehicles used in nanomedicine.             662
  • Table 349. FDA-approved nanotechnology-based products and clinical trials.         663
  • Table 350. NDs for drug delivery.              668
  • Table 351: Market overview for nanodiamonds in composites.    671
  • Table 352. Nanomaterials scorecard for nanodiamonds in fiber-based polymer composite parts. 672
  • Table 353. Market and applications for nanodiamonds in fiber-based composite parts.    672
  • Table 354. Global Market for nanodiamonds in thermosets 2017-2030 (tons).      674
  • Table 355. Global Market for nanodiamonds in thermoplastics 2017-2030 (tons).               675
  • Table 356. Market and applications for NDs in metal matrix composites. 677
  • Table 357. Global Market for nanodiamonds in metal-matrix composites 2017-2030, tons.             678
  • Table 358: Market overview for NDs in skin treatment (cosmetics).           680
  • Table 359. Market and applications for nanodiamonds in skincare (cosmetics).    680
  • Table 360. Global Market for nanodiamonds in skincare 2017-2030 (tons).            684
  • Table 361. Market overview for NDs in supercapacitors. 685
  • Table 362. Market and applications for nanodiamonds in skincare (cosmetics).    686
  • Table 363. Global Market for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors 2017-2030 (tons)               687
  • Table 364. Market overview for nanodiamonds in batteries.         689
  • Table 365. Market and applications for NDs in batteries. 689
  • Table 366. Global Market for nanodiamonds in batteries 2020-2030 (tons).           691
  • Table 367: Market summary for fullerenes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications.      692
  • Table 368: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes.         693
  • Table 369: Demadn for fullerenes (tons), 2010-2030.        695
  • Table 370: Example prices of fullerenes. 697
  • Table 371. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics and photonics.     697
  • Table 372. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in energy storage and conversion.           698
  • Table 373. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in sensors.         699
  • Table 374. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in biomedicine and life sciences.              700
  • Table 375. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics.   701
  • Table 376. Sensor surface.           807
  • Table 377. Properties of carbon nanotube paper.              960
  • Table 378. Chasm SWCNT products.         970
  • Table 379. Toray CNF printed RFID.          981
  • Table 380. Ex-producers of SWCNTs.       983
  • Table 381. SWCNTs distributors. 984
  • Table 382. Production methods, by main ND producers. 984
  • Table 383. Adamas Nanotechnologies, Inc. nanodiamond product list.      986
  • Table 384. Carbodeon Ltd. Oy nanodiamond product list.               989
  • Table 385. Daicel nanodiamond product list.        990
  • Table 386. FND Biotech Nanodiamond product list.           991
  • Table 387. JSC Sinta nanodiamond product list.   993
  • Table 388. Plasmachem product list and applications.      999
  • Table 389. Ray-Techniques Ltd. nanodiamonds product list.          1000
  • Table 390. Comparison of ND produced by detonation and laser synthesis.            1001
  • Table 391: 2D materials types.   1030
  • Table 392. Comparative properties of BNNTs and CNTs.  1033
  • Table 393: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.            1054
  • Table 394: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.           1074
  • Table 395: Categorization of nanomaterials.         1081

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2019.              64
  • Figure 2. Demand for graphene, by market, 2030.              68
  • Figure 3. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.             72
  • Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Low estimate.  74
  • Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Medium estimate.         76
  • Figure 6. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). High estimate. 78
  • Figure 7: Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2019.             79
  • Figure 8: Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2019.  79
  • Figure 9. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.            80
  • Figure 10: Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2019.         83
  • Figure 11: Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2018.       85
  • Figure 12. Demand for MWCNT by application in 2019.    112
  • Figure 13. MWCNT market demand forecast (tons), 2018-2030.   113
  • Figure 14. MWCNT market demand forecast (tons), by market, 2018-2030.             115
  • Figure 15. SWCNT production capacity by producer in 209 (tons).              116
  • Figure 16. Calculated SWCNT sales volume by producer in 2019 (kg).        117
  • Figure 17: Graphene layer structure schematic.  125
  • Figure 18: Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.    125
  • Figure 19: Graphite and graphene.           126
  • Figure 20: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.   127
  • Figure 21: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    129
  • Figure 22. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      130
  • Figure 23. Graphene quantum dots.        132
  • Figure 24: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube. 135
  • Figure 25: TIM sheet developed by Zeon Corporation.     136
  • Figure 26: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model. 140
  • Figure 27. Schematic of a vertically aligned carbon nanotube (VACNT) membrane used for water treatment.         142
  • Figure 28. TEM image of FWNTs.               143
  • Figure 29: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns.           143
  • Figure 30: TEM image of carbon onion.   144
  • Figure 31: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red. 146
  • Figure 32. Detonation Nanodiamond.     150
  • Figure 33. DND primary particles and properties.               150
  • Figure 34. Functional groups of Nanodiamonds. 151
  • Figure 35: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    154
  • Figure 36. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      155
  • Figure 37. Graphene quantum dots.        157
  • Figure 38. Top-down and bottom-up methods.   158
  • Figure 39. Fabrication methods of graphene.       160
  • Figure 40. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.         161
  • Figure 41: (a) Graphene powder production line in The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 162
  • Figure 42. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.        163
  • Figure 43: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018.             173
  • Figure 44: MWCNT patents filed 2007-2019.         174
  • Figure 45. SWCNT patent applications 2001-2019.              175
  • Figure 46. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.           177
  • Figure 47: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.        180
  • Figure 48: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.               183
  • Figure 49: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames.          187
  • Figure 50: Arc discharge process for CNTs.            188
  • Figure 51: Schematic of thermal-CVD method.    189
  • Figure 52: Schematic of plasma-CVD method.     189
  • Figure 53: CoMoCAT® process.  190
  • Figure 54: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame.           190
  • Figure 55: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis. 191
  • Figure 56. Revenues for graphene quantum dots 2019-2030, millions USD              192
  • Figure 57: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        196
  • Figure 58. Applications of graphene in 3D printing.            211
  • Figure 59: Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.            212
  • Figure 60. CNCTArch lightweight mounting for digital signalling.  213
  • Figure 61. Applications of graphene in adhesives.              219
  • Figure 62: Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.                219
  • Figure 63: Graphene Adhesives. 220
  • Figure 64. Applications of graphene in automotive.          225
  • Figure 65: Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.             226
  • Figure 66: Supercar incorporating graphene.       227
  • Figure 67. Graphene anti-corrosion primer.          228
  • Figure 68. Graphene-R Brake pads.          229
  • Figure 69: Antistatic graphene tire.          229
  • Figure 70. Graphene engine oil additives.              230
  • Figure 71. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.    235
  • Figure 72. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.   236
  • Figure 73. Costs of batteries to 2030.       238
  • Figure 74. Applications of graphene in batteries. 247
  • Figure 75: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.  248
  • Figure 76. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          249
  • Figure 77. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             250
  • Figure 78. Real Graphene Powerbank.    251
  • Figure 79. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   252
  • Figure 80. Applications of graphene in composites.           258
  • Figure 81. Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2030.             261
  • Figure 82. Graphene bike.            262
  • Figure 83. Graphene lacrosse equipment.             262
  • Figure 84. Graphene-based suitcase made from recycled plastic. 263
  • Figure 85. Aros Create.  264
  • Figure 86. Grays graphene hockey sticks.               265
  • Figure 87. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.   272
  • Figure 88: Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2030.       274
  • Figure 89: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 275
  • Figure 90: Printed graphene conductive ink.         275
  • Figure 91: Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.  276
  • Figure 92. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       279
  • Figure 93: Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2030.           282
  • Figure 94. Graphene asphalt additives.   283
  • Figure 95. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus. 283
  • Figure 96: Demand for graphene in electronics, 2018-2030.            289
  • Figure 97: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application.         290
  • Figure 98. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.               296
  • Figure 99: Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.              297
  • Figure 100. Graphene IC in wafer tester. 298
  • Figure 101: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right).      299
  • Figure 102: Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2030.              303
  • Figure 103. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM).             304
  • Figure 104. Applications of graphene in filtration.              311
  • Figure 105: Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.                313
  • Figure 106. Graphene anti-smog mask.  314
  • Figure 107. Graphene filtration membrane.         314
  • Figure 108. Water filer cartridge.               315
  • Figure 109. Applications of graphene in fuel cells.              321
  • Figure 110: Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.                322
  • Figure 111. Graphene-based E-skin patch.            324
  • Figure 112.  Flexible and transparent bracelet that uses graphene to measure heart rate, respiration rate etc.       330
  • Figure 113. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine             335
  • Figure 114: Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.                 336
  • Figure 115. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.       338
  • Figure 116: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.            338
  • Figure 117: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor. 339
  • Figure 118. Applications of graphene in lighting. 344
  • Figure 119: Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2030.                345
  • Figure 120. Graphene LED bulbs.               346
  • Figure 121. Applications of graphene in lubricants.            351
  • Figure 122: Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.              352
  • Figure 123. Tricolit spray coating.              353
  • Figure 124. Graphenoil products.              354
  • Figure 125. Applications of graphene in oil and gas.          359
  • Figure 126: Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.             360
  • Figure 127: Directa Plus Grafysorber.      361
  • Figure 128: Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.           368
  • Figure 129. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating.   370
  • Figure 130: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate.      370
  • Figure 131. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint.              371
  • Figure 132. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand.            371
  • Figure 133. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings.         372
  • Figure 134. Schematic of graphene heat film.       373
  • Figure 135. Applications of graphene in photonics.            380
  • Figure 136: Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2030.           381
  • Figure 137. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel.                381
  • Figure 138. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics.    388
  • Figure 139: Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.       389
  • Figure 140. Graphene coated glass.          390
  • Figure 141. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires.               395
  • Figure 142: Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.  396
  • Figure 143. Eagle F1 graphene tire.          397
  • Figure 144. Graphene floor mats.              398
  • Figure 145. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire.             398
  • Figure 146. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring.          400
  • Figure 147. Applications of graphene in sensors. 405
  • Figure 148: Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2030.  407
  • Figure 149. AGILE R100 system. 408
  • Figure 150. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector.           408
  • Figure 151: GFET sensors.            409
  • Figure 152. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light.         410
  • Figure 153. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.           418
  • Figure 154: Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.   419
  • Figure 155. Colmar graphene ski jacket. 420
  • Figure 156. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.           421
  • Figure 157. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.    421
  • Figure 158: Inov-8 graphene shoes.         422
  • Figure 159. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.        423
  • Figure 160. Graphene jacket.      423
  • Figure 161. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors. 429
  • Figure 162: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.  430
  • Figure 163. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.           432
  • Figure 164: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.              432
  • Figure 165: Demand for carbon nanotubes in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2030.         437
  • Figure 166: Demand for carbon nanotubes in adhesives (tons), 2018-2030.             443
  • Figure 167. Carbon nanotube Composite Overwrap Pressure Vessel (COPV) developed by NASA. 445
  • Figure 168: Demand for carbon nanomaterials in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030.     450
  • Figure 169. HeatCoat technology schematic.        451
  • Figure 170: Veelo carbon fiber nanotube sheet. 452
  • Figure 171: Demand for carbon nanotubes in automotive (tons), 2018-2030.         459
  • Figure 172: Schematic of CNTs as heat-dissipation sheets.             461
  • Figure 173. Theoretical energy densities of different rechargeable batteries.        466
  • Figure 174. Printed 1.5V battery.              467
  • Figure 175. Materials and design structures in flexible lithium ion batteries.          468
  • Figure 176. LiBEST flexible battery.           468
  • Figure 177. Schematic of the structure of stretchable LIBs.             469
  • Figure 178. Electrochemical performance of materials in flexible LIBs.      469
  • Figure 179. Carbon nanotubes incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries.     471
  • Figure 180. (A) Schematic overview of a flexible supercapacitor as compared to conventional supercapacitor.        474
  • Figure 181. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor.             476
  • Figure 182: Demand for carbon nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.       481
  • Figure 183. Demand for carbon nanotubes in composites (tons), 2018-2030.          498
  • Figure 184. CSCNT Reinforced Prepreg.  500
  • Figure 185: Demand for carbon nanotubes in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2030.    510
  • Figure 186: Nanotube inks           511
  • Figure 187. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.     514
  • Figure 188: Demand for carbon nanotubes in construction (tons), 2018-2030.       518
  • Figure 189: Demand for carbon nanotubes in wearable electronics and displays, 2018-2030.           527
  • Figure 190: Demand for carbon nanomaterials in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2030.   535
  • Figure 191: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs.          537
  • Figure 192: Demand for carbon nanotubes in memory devices, 2018-2030.             542
  • Figure 193: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip.           543
  • Figure 194. Strategic Elements’ transparent glass demonstrator. 543
  • Figure 195: Demand for carbon nanotubes in filtration (tons), 2018-2030.               551
  • Figure 196: Demand for carbon nanotubes in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2030.               560
  • Figure 197: Demand for carbon nanotubes in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2030.               574
  • Figure 198: CARESTREAM DRX-Revolution Nano Mobile X-ray System.     575
  • Figure 199. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.       576
  • Figure 200: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.            577
  • Figure 201: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor. 577
  • Figure 202: Demand for carbon nanotubes in lubricants (tons), 2018-2030.             584
  • Figure 203: Demand for carbon nanotubes in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2030.           590
  • Figure 204: Demand for carbon nanotubes in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2030.          602
  • Figure 205. CSCNT Reinforced Prepreg.  603
  • Figure 206: Demand for carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2030.      611
  • Figure 207: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module         612
  • Figure 208: Demand for carbon nanotubes in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2030.                618
  • Figure 209: Demand for carbon nanotubes in sensors (tons), 2018-2030. 626
  • Figure 210: Demand for carbon nanotubes in textiles (tons), 2018-2030.  636
  • Figure 211: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030. 642
  • Figure 212. Nawa's ultracapacitors.          644
  • Figure 213. Global Market for nanodiamonds in lubricants 2017-2030 (tons)         652
  • Figure 214. Global Market for nanodiamonds in polishing additives 2017-2030 (tons).      655
  • Figure 215. Global Market for nanodiamonds in electroplating and anti-wear/friction coatings 2017-2030 (tons). 660
  • Figure 216. Application of NDs in biomedicine based on synthesis method.            661
  • Figure 217. Global Market for nanodiamonds in thermosets 2017-2030 (tons).    675
  • Figure 218. Global Market for nanodiamonds in thermoplastics 2017-2030 (tons).              677
  • Figure 219. Potential market for ND based products in metal-matrix composites based on penetration forecasts 2017-2030, tons.         680
  • Figure 220. Prototypes of nanodiamonds, fullerene and lignin sunscreen.               683
  • Figure 221. Global Market for nanodiamonds in skincare 2017-2030 (tons)            685
  • Figure 222. Global Market for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors2017-2030 (tons)              688
  • Figure 223. Global Market for nanodiamonds in batteries 2017-2030 (tons).         691
  • Figure 224: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for fullerenes.        694
  • Figure 225: Demand for fullerenes, by market 2017.         695
  • Figure 226: Demand for fullerenes (tons), 2010-2030.      696
  • Figure 227: Demand for fullerenes by region 2017.            696
  • Figure 228. Graphene heating films.        704
  • Figure 229. Graphene flake products.     712
  • Figure 230. AIKA Black-T.              715
  • Figure 231. Printed graphene biosensors.             723
  • Figure 232. Brain Scientific electrode schematic. 735
  • Figure 233. Graphene battery schematic.              754
  • Figure 234. BioStamp nPoint.      817
  • Figure 235. MEIJO eDIPS product.             819
  • Figure 236. Nanotech Energy battery.     833
  • Figure 237. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.          835
  • Figure 238. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.    836
  • Figure 239. Test performance after 6 weeks ACT II according to Scania STD4445.  847
  • Figure 240. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.  865
  • Figure 241. T-FORCE CARDEA ZERO.         866
  • Figure 242: Prototype of Graphene-integrated UF filter cartridge.               868
  • Figure 243. AWN Nanotech water harvesting prototype. 890
  • Figure 244. Carbonics, Inc.’s carbon nanotube technology.            901
  • Figure 245. Fuji carbon nanotube products.         909
  • Figure 246.  Internal structure of carbon nanotube adhesive sheet.           910
  • Figure 247. Carbon nanotube adhesive sheet.     911
  • Figure 248. Cup Stacked Type Carbon Nano Tubes schematic.      914
  • Figure 249. CSCNT composite dispersion.              914
  • Figure 250. Flexible CNT CMOS integrated circuits with sub-10 nanoseconds stage delays.              917
  • Figure 251. Koatsu Gas Kogyo Co. Ltd CNT product.           920
  • Figure 252. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.             937
  • Figure 253. NAWAStitch integrated into carbon fiber composite. 938
  • Figure 254. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.          939
  • Figure 255. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.    940
  • Figure 256. CNT film.      942
  • Figure 257. Schematic of a fluidized bed reactor which is able to scale up the generation of SWNTs using the CoMoCAT process.               971
  • Figure 258: Carbon nanotube paint product.        974
  • Figure 259. HiPCO® Reactor.       977
  • Figure 260. NBD battery.              996
  • Figure 261. Neomond dispersions.           1008
  • Figure 262. Dotz Nano GQD products.     1012
  • Figure 263.  InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination.               1015
  • Figure 264. Quantag GQDs and sensor.  1017
  • Figure 265: Schematic of 2-D materials.  1031
  • Figure 266: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red.                1033
  • Figure 267: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride.              1037
  • Figure 268: BN nanosheet textiles application.    1039
  • Figure 269: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide.          1041
  • Figure 270: SEM image of MoS2.               1042
  • Figure 271: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.              1043
  • Figure 272: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.            1043
  • Figure 273. MXene compositions.             1046
  • Figure 274: Borophene schematic.           1051
  • Figure 275: Black phosphorus structure. 1053
  • Figure 276: Black Phosphorus crystal.      1054
  • Figure 277: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation.                1055
  • Figure 278: Graphitic carbon nitride.        1058
  • Figure 279: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.         1059
  • Figure 280: Schematic of germanene.     1060
  • Figure 281: Graphdiyne structure.            1062
  • Figure 282: Schematic of Graphane crystal.           1064
  • Figure 283: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide.          1066
  • Figure 284: Silicene structure.    1067
  • Figure 285: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.            1067
  • Figure 286: Silicene transistor.    1068
  • Figure 287: Crystal structure for stanene.              1069
  • Figure 288: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111).   1070
  • Figure 289: Schematic of tungsten diselenide.     1071
  • Figure 290: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe).               1073

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials 2020-2030
The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials 2020-2030
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The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials 2020-2030
The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials 2020-2030
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