The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)

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Published July 2021 | 225 pages, 53 Figures, 34 Tables | Table of contents

Traditional textiles simply function as a covering material. Based on the rapidly changing global demands and due to advanced technological improvements, the development of integrated electronics and responsive functionality on textiles has led to the emergence of E-textiles and smart textiles accommodating the revolution we are witnessing in wearable electronics. The development of high value-added products such as smart fabrics and clothing, wearable consumer and medical devices and protective textiles has increased rapidly in the last decade. Recent advances in stimuli-responsive surfaces and interfaces, sensors and actuators, flexible electronics, nanocoatings and conductive nanomaterials has led to the development of a new generation of smart and adaptive electronic fibers, yarns and fabrics for application in E-textiles.

Advances in the ability to free-form print circuit processes enables electronic systems to be assembled directly onto textile items. This type of technology, “E-textiles,” will compete with existing wearable devices that have dominated the market (smartwatches and fitness trackers), as a more discrete alternative to health and physiological monitoring. Electronic textiles incorporate interdisciplinary studies such as textiles, nano/micro technologies, computing systems, and communications and information technologies. E-textiles monitor heart health (heart rate, heart rate variability, electrocardiogram), activity recognition and measurement, sleep stage and sleep quality detection, drug adherence, stress level monitor and body temperature measurement, chemical sensing and can return heat and stimulus through the very fibers of textile products.

Report contents include: 

  • Market drivers and trends in electronic textiles (E-textiles).
  • Investment and product news 2020-2021.
  • Materials and components analysis.
  • Applications and markets including smart clothing products, heated clothing, sports and fitness, smart footwear, military, medical and healthcare, workplace monitoring & protection, motion capture, soft exoskeletons, wearable advertising and power sources for E-textiles. 
  • Global market revenues by market, historical and forecast to 2031.
  • 112 company profiles including Myant, Inc., Sensing Tex, Nextiles, Apple, OMsignal, Hexoskin, Ohmatex A/S, Sensoria Inc., Xenoma Inc., AiQ Smart Clothing Inc., Interactive Wear AG, Loomia, Garmin and many more. 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   15

  • 1.1          The evolution of electronics        16
    • 1.1.1      The wearables revolution             17
    • 1.1.2      Wearable market leaders             19
    • 1.1.3      Flexible and stretchable electronics         19
    • 1.1.4      Wearable electronics in the textiles industry        22
    • 1.1.5      New conductive materials            23
  • 1.2          Market drivers  25
  • 1.3          Main markets    27
    • 1.3.1      Healthcare          27
    • 1.3.2      Entertainment  29
    • 1.3.3      Heated clothing 29
  • 1.4          Performance requirements for E-textiles               30
  • 1.5          Growth prospects for electronic textiles 31
  • 1.6          E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2021     32

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         33

 

3              MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS 35

  • 3.1          Conductive and stretchable yarns             37
  • 3.2          Conductive polymers     38
    • 3.2.1      PDMS    39
    • 3.2.2      PEDOT: PSS         40
  • 3.3          Conductive coatings        41
  • 3.4          Conductive inks 42
  • 3.5          Nanomaterials  45
    • 3.5.1      Nanocoatings in smart textiles   47
    • 3.5.2      Graphene           49
    • 3.5.3      Nanofibers         53
    • 3.5.4      Carbon nanotubes           54
  • 3.6          Phase change materials 57
    • 3.6.1      Temperature controlled fabrics  57

 

4              APPLICATIONS, MARKETS AND PRODUCTS            58

  • 4.1          Smart clothing products 58
  • 4.2          Temperature monitoring and regulation 61
    • 4.2.1      Heated clothing 61
  • 4.3          Stretchable E-fabrics       65
  • 4.4          Therapeutic products     66
  • 4.5          Sport & fitness  66
    • 4.5.1      Smart clothing for sport 67
    • 4.5.2      Biomonitoring   69
  • 4.6          Smart footwear 69
  • 4.7          Military 71
  • 4.8          Medical and healthcare 73
    • 4.8.1      Wearable health monitoring       76
      • 4.8.1.1   Companies and products              81
    • 4.8.2      Temperature and respiratory rate monitoring     87
      • 4.8.2.1   Companies and products              88
    • 4.8.3      Pregnancy and newborn monitoring        88
    • 4.8.4      Biometric monitoring     89
      • 4.8.4.1   Application in medical    90
    • 4.8.5      ECG sensors       90
    • 4.8.6      Smart wound care           92
  • 4.9          Industrial and workplace monitoring       95
    • 4.9.1      Antistatic protective clothing      96
    • 4.9.2      Protective clothing          96
  • 4.10        Flexible and wearable display advertising              97
  • 4.11        Textile-based lighting     98
    • 4.11.1    OLEDs   98
    • 4.11.2    Electroluminescent fibers             98
  • 4.12        Antimicrobial textiles     99
    • 4.12.1    Nanosilver          99
    • 4.12.2    Zinc oxide           100
    • 4.12.3    Chitosan              103
  • 4.13        Smart diapers    103
  • 4.14        Protective clothing          105
  • 4.15        Automotive interiors      110
    • 4.15.1    Heatings              110
    • 4.15.2    Lighting and textiles        111
    • 4.15.3    Monitoring and sensors 111
  • 4.16        Smart home       112
    • 4.16.1    Companies and products              112
  • 4.17        Motion capture 114
  • 4.18        Exoskeletons     115
    • 4.18.1    Companies and products              116
  • 4.19        Powering E-textiles         118
    • 4.19.1    Textile batteries               118
    • 4.19.2    Textile supercapacitors  120
  • 4.19.3    Energy harvesting            120
    • 4.19.3.1                Photovoltaic solar textiles            121
    • 4.19.3.2                Energy harvesting nanogenerators           122
      • 4.19.3.2.1             TENGs   123
      • 4.19.3.2.2             PENGs  123
    • 4.19.3.3                Radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting 124
    • 4.19.3.4                Piezoelectric fibers          124
  • 4.20        Education            125

 

5              GLOBAL MARKET SIZE     126

 

6              MARKET AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES  130

 

7              ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES) COMPANY PROFILES 132

 

8              REFERENCES       213

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Types of wearable devices and applications.        18
  • Table 2. Wearable market leaders by market segment.   19
  • Table 3. Advanced materials for Electronic textiles-Advantages and disadvantages.            23
  • Table 4. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).       24
  • Table 5. Market drivers for electronic textiles.     25
  • Table 6. Example heated jacket products.              30
  • Table 7. E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2021.   32
  • Table 8. Examples of smart textile products.        34
  • Table 9. Types of smart textiles. 36
  • Table 10. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.        40
  • Table 11. Typical conductive ink formulation.      42
  • Table 12. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       43
  • Table 13. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           45
  • Table 14. Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       47
  • Table 15. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.  49
  • Table 16. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 55
  • Table 17. Applications and markets for e-textiles.              58
  • Table 18. Commercially available smart clothing products.             58
  • Table 19. Electronic textiles products.     60
  • Table 20. Heated jacket and clothing products.   63
  • Table 21. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.               64
  • Table 22.Companies and products in smart footwear.     70
  • Table 23.Wearable electronics applications in the military.            71
  • Table 24. Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.        73
  • Table 25. Examples of wearable medical device products.              78
  • Table 26. Companies and products in smart wound care.                94
  • Table 27. Antibacterial effects of ZnO NPs in different bacterial species.  101
  • Table 28. Companies developing smart diaper products. 103
  • Table 29: Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           105
  • Table 30: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       107
  • Table 31. Companies developing wearable exoskeletons.               116
  • Table 32. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance.  119
  • Table 33. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2031, revenues (billions USD).             126
  • Table 34. Market and technical challenges in E-textiles.  130

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Evolution of electronics.             17
  • Figure 2. Wove Band.     21
  • Figure 3. Wearable graphene medical sensor.     22
  • Figure 4. applications of wearable flexible sensors worn on various body parts     22
  • Figure 5. Systemization of wearable electronic systems. 23
  • Figure 6. Baby Monitor. 28
  • Figure 7. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.         29
  • Figure 8. Performance requirements for E-textiles.           30
  • Figure 9. Conductive yarns.          37
  • Figure 10. Conductive yarns.       38
  • Figure 11. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating.   39
  • Figure 12. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.              51
  • Figure 13. PCM cooling vest.       58
  • Figure 14. EXO2 Stormwalker 2 Heated Jacket.    61
  • Figure 15. Flexible polymer-based heated glove, sock and slipper.              62
  • Figure 16. ThermaCell Rechargeable Heated Insoles.        63
  • Figure 17. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat.  66
  • Figure 18. Flexible polymer-based therapeutic products. 66
  • Figure 19. iStimUweaR . 67
  • Figure 20. Digitsole Smartshoe. 70
  • Figure 21. Wearable medical technology.              77
  • Figure 22.Connected human body and product examples.             78
  • Figure 23. Companies and products in wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation devices and products.           81
  • Figure 24. Enfucell wearable temperature tag.    88
  • Figure 25. Bloomlife.      89
  • Figure 26. VitalPatch.     90
  • Figure 27. Wearable ECG-textile.              91
  • Figure 28. Wearable ECG recorder.           92
  • Figure 29. Nexkin™.        92
  • Figure 30. Schematic of smart wound dressing.  93
  • Figure 31. REPAIR electronic patch concept. Image courtesy of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.    94
  • Figure 32. Wearable gas sensor. 95
  • Figure 33. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.              97
  • Figure 34: Anti-bacterial sol-gel nanoparticle silver coating.           100
  • Figure 35. Schematic of antibacterial activity of ZnO NPs.               101
  • Figure 36/ ABENA Nova smart diaper.     104
  • Figure 37: Omniphobic-coated fabric.     105
  • Figure 38. Textile-based car seat heaters.              110
  • Figure 39. Teslasuit.        114
  • Figure 40. Honda Walking Assist.               115
  • Figure 41. archelis wearable chair.            116
  • Figure 42. Micro-scale energy scavenging techniques.     121
  • Figure 43. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.     122
  • Figure 44 . 3D print piezoelectric material.            123
  • Figure 45. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2031, revenues (billions USD).           128
  • Figure 46. Global market for electronic textiles and smart clothing, 2017-2031, by market share of product type. 129
  • Figure 47. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.              149
  • Figure 48. Descante Solar Thermo insulated jacket.           150
  • Figure 49. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.      151
  • Figure 50. HiFlex strain/pressure sensor.               158
  • Figure 51. Electroskin integration schematic.       181
  • Figure 52. Smardii smart diaper. 198
  • Figure 53. Teslasuit.        203

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)
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The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)
Print edition (including tracked delivery).

The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)
The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles)
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