The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors

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Published July 2020 | 166 pages | 42 tables, 41 figures 

With global energy demands ever increasing, allied to efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and eliminate air pollutions, it is now essential to provide efficient, cost-effective, and environmental friendly energy storage devices. The growing market for smart grit networks, electric vehicles (EVs), autonomous and Human Driver Interface (HDI) EVs and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is also driving the market for improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors.

Rechargeable battery technologies (such as Li-ion, Li-S, Na-ion, Li-O2 batteries) and supercapacitors are among the most promising power storage and supply systems in terms of their wide spread applicability, and tremendous potential owing to their high energy and power densities. LIBs are currently the dominant mobile power sources for portable electronic devices used in cell phones and laptops.

Although great advances have been made, each type of battery still suffers from problems that seriously hinder the practical applications for example in commercial EVs and PHEVs. The performance of these devices is inherently tied to the properties of materials used to build them.

With renewable energy sources at peak interest in the scientific research community, technologies for storing high amounts of electric charge and energy are much sought after. Electric vehicles, and enabling lithium-battery (LIB) technology, will become a progressively larger market-with estimates of CAGR of over 20% through to 2025.

Graphene is enabling batteries and supercapacitors with many new features that do not exist with current technology. Due to intrinsic properties such as high surface area and high conductivity, graphene is an excellent candidates to improve the performance of conductive materials in energy storage/conversion devices (e.g., Li ion batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and solar cells).

The use of graphene can enable faster charging without accelerating the degradation of a battery, extending battery life. It can also reduce the requirement for complex and costly heat management systems required for high battery charge and discharge rates. Graphene supercapacitors can serve as a replacement for the Lithium-ion batteries or can be used to complement them. They can potentially hold the same energy as a Lithium-ion battery and can recharge in a fraction of the time.

Report contents include:

  • Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Assessment of graphene in the batteries and supercapacitors markets including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2030 and main players.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030. Global graphene market size split by market in 2019 and for each application to 2030.
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the graphene market.
  • In-depth profiles of graphene battery and supercapacitor producers and product developers.

 

Download Table of contents

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  11

  • 1.1          Why graphene? 11
    • 1.1.1      Exceptional properties   12
    • 1.1.2      Commercial opportunities           12
    • 1.1.3      Collaboration key?          13
  • 1.2          The market in 2019          13
  • 1.3          Future global market outlook     16
  • 1.4          Graphene producers and production capacities  18
  • 1.5          Global graphene demand,  2018-2030, tons         20
  • 1.6          Graphene market by region         25
    • 1.6.1      Asia-Pacific         25
    • 1.6.2      North America   28
    • 1.6.3      Europe 29
  • 1.7          Graphene products         31
  • 1.8          Graphene investments  33
  • 1.9          Industrial collaborations and licence agreements              34
  • 1.10        Graphene market challenges      41
  • 1.11        Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic              42

 

2              OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE           44

  • 2.1          History  44
  • 2.2          Types of graphene           45
  • 2.3          Properties           46
  • 2.4          Graphene Quantum Dots             47

 

3              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION            53

  • 3.1          Quality  54
  • 3.2          Assessment of graphene production methods    55

 

4              REGULATIONS   60

  • 4.1          Environmental, health and safety regulation        60
    • 4.1.1      Europe 60
    • 4.1.2      United States     61
    • 4.1.3      Asia-Pacific         62
  • 4.2          Workplace exposure      63

 

5              GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS            65

 

6              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION            67

  • 6.1          Commercial production capacities            68
  • 6.2          Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities        69
    • 6.2.1      By producer       69
    • 6.2.2      By region             70
  • 6.3          Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities   71
    • 6.3.1      By producer       72
    • 6.3.2      Production capacity by region     73
  • 6.4          CVD graphene film           74
    • 6.4.1      By producer       74
  • 6.5          Graphene production issues and challenges         75

 

7              GRAPHENE PRICING       78

  • 7.1          Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene  79
  • 7.2          Few-Layer graphene pricing        81
  • 7.3          Graphene nanoplatelets pricing 82
  • 7.4          Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing               83
  • 7.5          Graphene quantum dots pricing 84
  • 7.6          Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing           85
  • 7.7          Graphene ink     86

 

8              GRAPHENE IN BATTERIES             87

  • 8.1          Market overview             87
  • 8.2          Market prospects            91
  • 8.3          Market assessment        91
  • 8.4          Applications Map             95
  • 8.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       96
  • 8.6          Product developers        97

 

9              GRAPHENE IN SUPERCAPACITORS           101

  • 9.1          Market overview             102
  • 9.2          Market prospects            102
  • 9.3          Market assessment        103
  • 9.4          Applications map             105
  • 9.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       106
  • 9.6          Product developers        107

 

10           GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS IN BATTERIES AND SUPERCAPACITORS          109 (67 COMMPANY PROFILES)

 

11           RESEARCH METHODOLOGY        157

 

12           REFERENCES       161

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell into 2020.     18
  • Table 2. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.              20
  • Table 3. Main graphene producers in North America.       28
  • Table 4. Main graphene producers in Europe.      29
  • Table 5: Consumer products incorporating graphene.      31
  • Table 6: Graphene investments and financial agreements.            33
  • Table 7. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.        35
  • Table 8. Graphene market challenges.    41
  • Table 9. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   42
  • Table 10: Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.            46
  • Table 11. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 48
  • Table 12. Graphene quantum dot producers.      51
  • Table 13. Assessment of graphene production methods. 56
  • Table 14. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Europe. 60
  • Table 15. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in North America. 61
  • Table 16. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Asia-Pacific.        62
  • Table 17: Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018. 65
  • Table 18. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2030.            67
  • Table 19: Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2010-2019.   69
  • Table 20: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.          70
  • Table 21: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2018.           72
  • Table 22: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.                 73
  • Table 23: CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2010-2018/ 000s m2. 74
  • Table 24: Types of graphene and typical prices.   78
  • Table 25: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   80
  • Table 26: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           81
  • Table 27: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   82
  • Table 28: Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        83
  • Table 29: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  85
  • Table 30: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         85
  • Table 31: Graphene ink pricing by producer.        86
  • Table 135: Market drivers for use of graphene in batteries.           88
  • Table 32. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      90
  • Table 33. Scorecard for graphene in batteries.    91
  • Table 34. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.        91
  • Table 35: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               96
  • Table 36: Product developers in graphene batteries.        98
  • Table 37. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.         102
  • Table 38. Scorecard for graphene in supercapacitors.       102
  • Table 39: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.               103
  • Table 40. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.          103
  • Table 41: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.      106
  • Table 42: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.          108

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2019.              15
  • Figure 2. Demand for graphene, by market, 2030.              17
  • Figure 3. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.             21
  • Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Low estimate.  22
  • Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). Medium estimate.         23
  • Figure 6. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2030 (tons). High estimate. 24
  • Figure 7: Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2019.             25
  • Figure 8: Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2019.  26
  • Figure 9. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.            27
  • Figure 10: Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2019.         29
  • Figure 11: Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2018.       31
  • Figure 12: Graphene layer structure schematic.  44
  • Figure 13: Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.    44
  • Figure 14: Graphite and graphene.           45
  • Figure 15: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.   46
  • Figure 16: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    48
  • Figure 17. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      49
  • Figure 18. Graphene quantum dots.        51
  • Figure 19. Fabrication methods of graphene.       53
  • Figure 20. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.         54
  • Figure 21: (a) Graphene powder production line in The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 55
  • Figure 22. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.        56
  • Figure 23: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2018.             66
  • Figure 24. Demand for graphene, 2018-2030, tons.           68
  • Figure 25: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.        71
  • Figure 26: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2019.               74
  • Figure 27: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        80
  • Figure 28: The SkelStart Engine Start Module 2.0 based on the graphene-based SkelCap ultracapacitors.  88
  • Figure 29. Applications of graphene in batteries. 96
  • Figure 30: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.  97
  • Figure 31. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          98
  • Figure 32. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             99
  • Figure 33. Real Graphene Powerbank.    100
  • Figure 34. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   101
  • Figure 35. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors.  106
  • Figure 36: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     107
  • Figure 37. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.              108
  • Figure 38: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger. 109
  • Figure 39. Graphene flake products.        114
  • Figure 40. Graphene battery schematic. 126
  • Figure 41. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.     152

 

The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors
The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors
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The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors
The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors
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The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors
The Global Market for Graphene in Batteries and Supercapacitors
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