The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors

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Published July 14, 2020, 215 pages, 47 tables, 45 figures

With global energy demands ever increasing, allied to efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and eliminate air pollutions, it is now essential to provide efficient, cost-effective, and environmental friendly energy storage devices. The growing market for smart grit networks, electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is also driving the market for improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries.

Rechargeable battery technologies (such as Li-ion, Li-S, Na-ion, Li-O2 batteries) and supercapacitors are among the most promising power storage and supply systems in terms of their widespread applicability, and tremendous potential owing to their high energy and power densities. LIBs are currently the dominant mobile power sources for portable electronic devices used in cell phones and laptops.

Although great advances have been made, each type of battery still suffers from problems that seriously hinder the practical applications for example in commercial EVs and PHEVs. The performance of these devices is inherently tied to the properties of materials used to build them. Nanotechnology and nanomaterials will play an important role in all aspects of the energy sector:

Lithium-ion batteries have shown great promise in portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their long lifespan and high safety. However, hurdles relating to the sluggish dynamics and poor cycling stability restrict the practical application. Nanostructured materials, due to their significantly decreased particles size, are thought to effectively address these issues. Advantages of nanomaterials include:

  • Nanoscale shortens lithium-ion diffusion length.
  • New reactions at nanoscale are not possible with bulk materials.
  • Nanoscale combining with electronic conductive coating improves electronic transport.
  • Decreased mechanical stresses due to volume change lead to increased cyclability and lifetime.
  • Nanoscale enhances the electrode capability of Li storage.
  • Ordered mesoporous structure favours both Li storage and fast electrode kinetic.
  • Nano-structure enhances cycle stability.

 

Nanomaterials are also finding application in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries, sodium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries, Magnesium batteries and paper, flexible and stretchable batteries.  Nanomaterials, especially carbon nanomaterials, have been widely investigated as effective electrodes in supercapacitors due to their high specific surface area, excellent electrical and mechanical properties. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors include:

  • Electrodes in batteries and capacitors.
  • Anodes, cathodes and electrolytes in Li-ion (LIB) batteries.
  • Inks printable batteries and supercapacitors.
  • LIB cathodes.
  • Anode coatings to prevent corrosion.
  • Nanofiber-based polymeric battery separators.
  • Biodegradable green batteries. 

 

Nanomaterials covered in this report include: 

  • Graphene
  • Multi-walled nanotubes (MWCNT)
  • Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • Carbon nano-onions.
  • Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs).
  • Fullerenes. 
  • Graphene quantum dots. 
  • Cobalt oxide nanoparticles.
  • Iron oxide nanoparticles.
  • Molybdenum disulfide.
  • Nanodiamonds.
  • Nanofibers.
  • Nanocellulose.
  • Si Nanowires.
  • Quantum dots.

 

Report contents include:

  • Battery and supercapacitor market megatrends and market drivers. 
  • Types of nanomaterials utilized in batteries and supercapacitors. 
  • Global market for in tons, historical and forecast to 2030, by nanomaterials types
  • Markets for nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors including electric vehicles, UAVs, medical wearables, consumer wearables and electronics. 
  • Over 150 indepth company profiles. 

 

 

View Table of contents

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   13

  • 1.1          Market drivers  14
  • 1.2          Competing materials      17
  • 1.3          Main global battery players         18
  • 1.4          Main supercapacitors players globally     20
  • 1.5          Flexible and stretchable batteries             22
  • 1.6          Global market for in tons, historical and forecast to 2030, by nanomaterials types              22
    • 1.6.1      Batteries              23
    • 1.6.2      Supercapacitors 23

 

2              NANOMATERIALS IN BATTERIES 24

  • 2.1          Battery market megatrends        24
    • 2.1.1      Electrification of transport           24
    • 2.1.2      Reducing dependence on lithium and other materials (e.g. cobalt).            24
    • 2.1.3      Growth in demand for thin and flexible batteries, energy harvesting wearable devices and smart textiles 25
    • 2.1.4      Development of next-generation flexible electronics       25
    • 2.1.5      Development of next-generation flexible electronics       25
    • 2.1.6      Improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries  26
    • 2.1.7      Growing market for electricity grid for renewable generation, smart grids and distributed energy resources; portable electronics; electric vehicles (EVs); and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)  26
    • 2.1.8      Demand from wearable healthcare devices          27
  • 2.2          Nanomaterials in Li-ion batteries              27
  • 2.3          Nanomaterials in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries 29
  • 2.4          Nanomaterials in Sodium-ion batteries   31
  • 2.5          Nanomaterials in Lithium-air batteries    31
  • 2.6          Nanomaterials in Magnesium batteries  32
  • 2.7          Graphene           32
    • 2.7.1      Market overview             33
    • 2.7.2      Applications       34
    • 2.7.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       36
    • 2.7.4      Product developers        38
  • 2.8          Carbon nanotubes           43
    • 2.8.1      Market overview             44
      • 2.8.1.1   MWCNTs             44
      • 2.8.1.2   SWCNTs               45
      • 2.8.1.3   Carbon nano-onions (CNOs) or onion-like carbon (OLC), 47
      • 2.8.1.4   BNNTs  49
    • 2.8.2      Applications       50
    • 2.8.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       56
    • 2.8.4      Product developers        57
  • 2.9          Fullerenes           62
  • 2.10        Graphene Quantum Dots             63
  • 2.11        Other nanomaterials      66
    • 2.11.1    Carbon nanofibers           66
    • 2.11.2    Lithium nanoparticles     66
    • 2.11.3    Cobalt oxide nanoparticles           66
    • 2.11.4    Bismuth oxide nanoparticles       66
    • 2.11.5    Indium oxide nanoparticles          67
    • 2.11.6    Manganese oxide nanoparticles 67
    • 2.11.7    Zirconium oxide nanoparticles    68
    • 2.11.8    Silicon nanowires             68
    • 2.11.9    Quantum dots   68
    • 2.11.10  Cellulose nanofibers       68
      • 2.11.10.1              Li-ion battery separators               69
      • 2.11.10.2              Additives for paper batteries      69
    • 2.11.11  Cellulose nanocrystals    70
      • 2.11.11.1              Flexible batteries             73
    • 2.11.12  Molybdenum disulfide  73

 

3              NANOMATERIALS IN SUPERCAPACITORS 74

  • 3.1          Supercapacitors market megatrends       74
    • 3.1.1      Increased use of supercapacitors over batteries in electric and hybrid cars as customers seeking faster charging and safer transport       74
    • 3.1.2      Demand from the consumer electronics (tablets, E-readers, OLED and smartphones) market         75
    • 3.1.3      Growth in the flexible electronics market              75
  • 3.2          Graphene           75
    • 3.2.1      Market overview             75
    • 3.2.2      Applications       76
    • 3.2.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       78
    • 3.2.4      Product developers        80
  • 3.3          Carbon nanotubes           82
    • 3.3.1      Market overview             82
      • 3.3.1.1   MWCNTs             83
      • 3.3.1.2   SWCNTs               83
      • 3.3.1.3   FWCNTS               84
    • 3.3.2      Applications       84
    • 3.3.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       87
    • 3.3.4      Product developers        88
  • 3.4          Nanodiamonds 90
    • 3.4.1      Market overview             90
    • 3.4.2      Applications       91
    • 3.4.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       92
    • 3.4.4      Product developers        93

 

4              COMPANY PROFILES       95 (151 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

5              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         206

 

6              REFERENCES       210

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.          14
  • Table 2. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.      14
  • Table 3: Estimated demand for nanomaterials in batteries, by type (tons), 2018-2030.       22
  • Table 4: Estimated demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors, by type (tons), 2018-2030.         22
  • Table 5: Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               24
  • Table 6: Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030. 25
  • Table 7: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 29
  • Table 8: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.            32
  • Table 9: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.              33
  • Table 10: Applications in magnesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.         33
  • Table 11. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      35
  • Table 12. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.             35
  • Table 13. Market prospects for graphene in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.     37
  • Table 14: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               38
  • Table 15: Product developers in graphene batteries.        39
  • Table 16. Properties of carbon nanotubes.           44
  • Table 17: Market overview for MWCNTs in batteries.       45
  • Table 18. Market overview for SWCNTs in batteries.         47
  • Table 19. Market and applications for MWCNTs in batteries.        51
  • Table 20. Market and applications for SWCNTs in batteries.          55
  • Table 21. Market prospects for carbon nanotubes in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.            57
  • Table 22: Estimated demand for carbon nanotubes in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.              57
  • Table 23: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for batteries. 58
  • Table 24. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 65
  • Table 25: CNC sources, size and yield.     72
  • Table 26: CNC properties.            72
  • Table 27. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         73
  • Table 28. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.         76
  • Table 29: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.               77
  • Table 30. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.             77
  • Table 31. Market prospects for graphene in supercapacitors--addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks             80
  • Table 32: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.      80
  • Table 33: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.          81
  • Table 34. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.       83
  • Table 35. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.         85
  • Table 36. Market assessment for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.   88
  • Table 37: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     88
  • Table 38: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors.  89
  • Table 39. Market overview for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.              91
  • Table 40. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, concentration    92
  • Table 41. Market assessment for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.         93
  • Table 42. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.       93
  • Table 43: Product developers in nanodiamond supercapacitors. 95
  • Table 44. Carbodeon Ltd. Oy nanodiamond product list.  119
  • Table 45. Chasm SWCNT products.           121
  • Table 46. Ray-Techniques Ltd. nanodiamonds product list.             181
  • Table 47. Comparison of ND produced by detonation and laser synthesis.              181

 

Figures

  • Figure 1: The SkelStart Engine Start Module 2.0 based on the graphene-based SkelCap ultracapacitors.    34
  • Figure 2. Applications of graphene in batteries.  37
  • Figure 3: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.     39
  • Figure 4. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.             40
  • Figure 5. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.               41
  • Figure 6. Real Graphene Powerbank.      42
  • Figure 7. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.      43
  • Figure 8. Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube.   47
  • Figure 9: TEM image of carbon onion.     49
  • Figure 10: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red. 50
  • Figure 11: Demand for carbon nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.          58
  • Figure 12: Nano Lithium X Battery.           59
  • Figure 13. Fullerene schematic. 64
  • Figure 14: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    65
  • Figure 15. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      66
  • Figure 16: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF. 70
  • Figure 17. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 71
  • Figure 18: Extracting CNC from trees.      72
  • Figure 19: CNC slurry.     74
  • Figure 20. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors.  79
  • Figure 21: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     81
  • Figure 22. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.              82
  • Figure 23: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger. 83
  • Figure 24: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.   89
  • Figure 25. Nawa's ultracapacitors.             90
  • Figure 26. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.      94
  • Figure 27. Graphene flake products.        100
  • Figure 28: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  107
  • Figure 29: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 107
  • Figure 30: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              108
  • Figure 31: CNF nonwoven fabric.               109
  • Figure 32. Schematic of a fluidized bed reactor which is able to scale up the generation of SWNTs using the CoMoCAT process.               122
  • Figure 33. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 127
  • Figure 34: Rheocrysta spray.       128
  • Figure 35. DKS CNF products.      128
  • Figure 36. Graphene battery schematic. 130
  • Figure 37. Fuji carbon nanotube products.            138
  • Figure 38. MEIJO eDIPS product.               162
  • Figure 39. Cellulomix production process.             166
  • Figure 40. Nanobase versus conventional products.          166
  • Figure 41. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.               175
  • Figure 42. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.            176
  • Figure 43. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.      177
  • Figure 44. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.     193
  • Figure 45. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.             199

 

The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
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