With global energy demands ever increasing, allied to efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and eliminate air pollutions, it is now essential to provide efficient, cost-effective, and environmental friendly energy storage devices. The growing market for smart grit networks, electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is also driving the market for improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries.
Rechargeable battery technologies (such as Li-ion, Li-S, Na-ion, Li-O2 batteries) and supercapacitors are among the most promising power storage and supply systems in terms of their widespread applicability, and tremendous potential owing to their high energy and power densities. LIBs are currently the dominant mobile power sources for portable electronic devices used in cell phones and laptops.
Although great advances have been made, each type of battery still suffers from problems that seriously hinder the practical applications for example in commercial EVs and PHEVs. The performance of these devices is inherently tied to the properties of materials used to build them. Nanotechnology and nanomaterials will play an important role in all aspects of the energy sector:
Lithium-ion batteries have shown great promise in portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their long lifespan and high safety. However, hurdles relating to the sluggish dynamics and poor cycling stability restrict the practical application. Nanostructured materials, due to their significantly decreased particles size, effectively address these issues. Advantages of nanomaterials include:
Nanoscale shortens lithium-ion diffusion length.
New reactions at nanoscale are not possible with bulk materials.
Nanoscale combining with electronic conductive coating improves electronic transport.
Decreased mechanical stresses due to volume change lead to increased cyclability and lifetime.
Nanoscale enhances the electrode capability of Li storage.
Ordered mesoporous structure favours both Li storage and fast electrode kinetic.
Nano-structure enhances cycle stability.
Nanomaterials are also finding application in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries, sodium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries, magnesium batteries and paper, flexible and stretchable batteries. Nanomaterials, especially carbon nanomaterials and silicon nanowires, have been widely investigated as effective electrodes in supercapacitors due to their high specific surface area, excellent electrical and mechanical properties. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors include:
Electrodes in batteries and capacitors.
Anodes, cathodes and electrolytes in Li-ion (LIB) batteries.
Inks printable batteries and supercapacitors.
Anode coatings to prevent corrosion.
Nanofiber-based polymeric battery separators.
Biodegradable green batteries.
Nanomaterials covered in this report include:
Multi-walled nanotubes (MWCNT)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
Graphene quantum dots.
Report contents include:
Battery and supercapacitor market megatrends and market drivers.
Types of nanomaterials utilized in batteries and supercapacitors.
Global market for in tons and revenues, historical and forecast to 2030, by nanomaterials types
Markets for nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors including electric vehicles, UAVs, medical wearables, consumer wearables and electronics.
165 in depth company profiles. Companies profiled include Amprius, Inc., Anaphite, BAK Power Battery, BeDimensional, Bodi Energy, Dongxu Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd., Vaulta, Graphenenano, Log 9, HE3DA sro, HPQ Silicon Resources Inc., NBD, Nexeon, Sila Nanotechnologies, Volexion, VoltaXplore Inc.- and many more.
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 14
1.1 Market drivers 15
1.2 Main global battery and supercapacitor players 18
1.3 Flexible and stretchable batteries 20
1.4 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors 22
1.5 Global market for in tons, historical and forecast to 2030 24
1.5.1 Batteries 24
126.96.36.199 Demand in tons 24
188.8.131.52 Revenues 25
1.5.2 Supercapacitors 26
1.6 Battery market megatrends 27
1.6.1 Electrification of transport 27
1.6.2 Reducing dependence on lithium and other materials (e.g. cobalt). 28
1.6.3 New advanced battery materials 29
1.6.4 Development of next-generation flexible electronics 30
1.6.5 Reduced battery costs 30
1.6.6 Increasing demand for green energy 31
1.7 Nanomaterials battery and supercapacitor investments and funding 32
2 NANOMATERIALS IN BATTERIES 34
2.1 Flexible and stretchable batteries in electronics 34
2.2 Flexible and stretchable LIBs 35
2.2.1 Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries 38
2.2.2 Stretchable lithium-ion batteries 39
2.2.3 Origami and kirigami lithium-ion batteries 40
2.2.4 Flexible Zn-based batteries (ZIBs) 40
2.3 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors 41
2.3.1 Materials 42
2.4 3D Printed batteries 44
2.5 Nanomaterials in Li-ion batteries 45
2.5.1 Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries 47
2.6 Nanomaterials in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries 47
2.7 Nanomaterials in Sodium-ion batteries 48
2.8 Nanomaterials in Lithium-air batteries 49
2.9 Nanomaterials in Magnesium batteries 50
2.10 Graphene 50
2.10.1 Market overview 51
2.10.2 Applications 51
184.108.40.206 Li-ion batteries 51
220.127.116.11 Aluminum-ion batteries 52
18.104.22.168 Graphene coatings 53
22.214.171.124 Graphene-based cell casing technology 53
2.10.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030 55
2.10.4 Product developers 57
2.11 Carbon nanotubes 62
2.11.1 Market overview 63
126.96.36.199 MWCNTs 63
188.8.131.52 SWCNTs 66
184.108.40.206 Carbon nano-onions (CNOs) or onion-like carbon (OLC), 67
220.127.116.11 BNNTs 68
2.11.2 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030 69
2.11.3 Product developers 71
2.12 Fullerenes 76
2.13 Quantum dots 77
2.13.1 Properties 77
2.13.2 Companies 77
2.14 Graphene Quantum Dots 77
2.15 Silicon nanowires 80
2.15.1 Companies 80
2.16 Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) 81
3 NANOMATERIALS IN SUPERCAPACITORS 82
3.1 Market drivers and trends 82
3.2 Graphene 83
3.2.1 Market overview 83
3.2.2 Applications 83
3.2.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030 86
3.2.4 Product developers 87
3.3 Carbon nanotubes 90
3.3.1 Market overview 90
3.3.2 Applications 90
3.3.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030 92
3.3.4 Product developers 94
3.4 Nanodiamonds 96
3.4.1 Market overview 96
3.4.2 Applications 96
3.4.3 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030 98
4 COMPANY PROFILES 100
5 REFERENCES 232
List of Tables
Table 1. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries. 15
Table 2. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries. 16
Table 3. Main global battery and supercapacitor players. 18
Table 4. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof. 20
Table 5. Wearable energy storage and energy harvesting products. 21
Table 6. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 23
Table 7. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030. 24
Table 8. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030. 26
Table 9. Graphene battery and supercapacitor investments and funding. 32
Table 10. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof. 43
Table 11: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 45
Table 12: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 48
Table 13: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 49
Table 14: Applications in magnesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 50
Table 15. Market overview for graphene in batteries. 51
Table 16. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration. 54
Table 17. Market prospects for graphene in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks. 55
Table 18: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030. 56
Table 19: Product developers in graphene batteries. 57
Table 20. Properties of carbon nanotubes. 62
Table 21. Market and applications for MWCNTs in batteries. 64
Table 22. Market and applications for SWCNTs in batteries. 67
Table 23. Market prospects for carbon nanotubes in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks. 69
Table 24: Estimated demand for carbon nanotubes in batteries (tons), 2018-2030. 70
Table 25: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for batteries. 71
Table 26.Quantum dots product and application developers in batteries. 77
Table 27. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 78
Table 28. Silicon nanowire battery producers. 80
Table 29. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors. 83
Table 30: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries. 83
Table 31. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration. 84
Table 32. Market prospects for graphene in supercapacitors--addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks 86
Table 33: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030. 86
Table 34: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors. 87
Table 35. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors. 90
Table 36. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors. 90
Table 37. Market assessment for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors. 92
Table 38: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030. 93
Table 39: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors. 94
Table 40. Market overview for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors. 96
Table 41. Nanodiamonds in supercapacitors. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, concentration 96
Table 42. Market assessment for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors. 98
Table 43. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030. 98
Table 44. Adamas Nanotechnologies, Inc. nanodiamond product list. 105
Table 45. Carbodeon Ltd. Oy nanodiamond product list. 129