The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors

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Published October 14, 2020, 226 pages, 47 tables, 64 figures

With global energy demands ever increasing, allied to efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and eliminate air pollutions, it is now essential to provide efficient, cost-effective, and environmental friendly energy storage devices. The growing market for smart grit networks, electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is also driving the market for improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries.

Rechargeable battery technologies (such as Li-ion, Li-S, Na-ion, Li-O2 batteries) and supercapacitors are among the most promising power storage and supply systems in terms of their widespread applicability, and tremendous potential owing to their high energy and power densities. LIBs are currently the dominant mobile power sources for portable electronic devices used in cell phones and laptops.

Although great advances have been made, each type of battery still suffers from problems that seriously hinder the practical applications for example in commercial EVs and PHEVs. The performance of these devices is inherently tied to the properties of materials used to build them. Nanotechnology and nanomaterials will play an important role in all aspects of the energy sector:

Lithium-ion batteries have shown great promise in portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their long lifespan and high safety. However, hurdles relating to the sluggish dynamics and poor cycling stability restrict the practical application. Nanostructured materials, due to their significantly decreased particles size, are thought to effectively address these issues. Advantages of nanomaterials include:

  • Nanoscale shortens lithium-ion diffusion length.
  • New reactions at nanoscale are not possible with bulk materials.
  • Nanoscale combining with electronic conductive coating improves electronic transport.
  • Decreased mechanical stresses due to volume change lead to increased cyclability and lifetime.
  • Nanoscale enhances the electrode capability of Li storage.
  • Ordered mesoporous structure favours both Li storage and fast electrode kinetic.
  • Nano-structure enhances cycle stability.

 

Nanomaterials are also finding application in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries, sodium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries, magnesium batteries and paper, flexible and stretchable batteries.  Nanomaterials, especially carbon nanomaterials and silicon nanowires, have been widely investigated as effective electrodes in supercapacitors due to their high specific surface area, excellent electrical and mechanical properties. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors include:

  • Electrodes in batteries and capacitors.
  • Anodes, cathodes and electrolytes in Li-ion (LIB) batteries.
  • Inks printable batteries and supercapacitors.
  • LIB cathodes.
  • Anode coatings to prevent corrosion.
  • Nanofiber-based polymeric battery separators.
  • Biodegradable green batteries. 

 

Nanomaterials covered in this report include: 

  • Graphene
  • Multi-walled nanotubes (MWCNT)
  • Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • Fullerenes. 
  • Graphene quantum dots. 
  • Nanodiamonds.
  • Carbon Nanofibers.
  • Si Nanowires.
  • Silicon nanopowders.
  • Quantum dots.

 

Report contents include:

  • Battery and supercapacitor market megatrends and market drivers. 
  • Types of nanomaterials utilized in batteries and supercapacitors. 
  • Global market for in tons and revenues, historical and forecast to 2030, by nanomaterials types
  • Markets for nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors including electric vehicles, UAVs, medical wearables, consumer wearables and electronics. 
  • 156 indepth company profiles. Comapanies profiled include Amprius, Inc., BAK Power Battery, BeDimensional, Bodi Energy, Dongxu Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd., Graphenenano, HE3DA sro, HPQ Silicon Resources Inc., NBD, Nexeon, Sila Nanotechnologies and many more. 

 

Table of contents (PDF)

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   14

  • 1.1          Market drivers  15
  • 1.2          Main global battery and supercapacitor players  18
  • 1.3          Flexible and stretchable batteries             19
  • 1.4          Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               22
  • 1.5          Global market for in tons, historical and forecast to 2030                24
    • 1.5.1      Batteries              24
      • 1.5.1.1   Demand in tons 24
      • 1.5.1.2   Revenues            25
    • 1.5.2      Supercapacitors 26
  • 1.6          Battery market megatrends        27
    • 1.6.1      Electrification of transport           27
    • 1.6.2      Reducing dependence on lithium and other materials (e.g. cobalt).            27
    • 1.6.3      New advanced battery materials               29
    • 1.6.4      Development of next-generation flexible electronics       30
    • 1.6.5      Reduced battery costs   30
    • 1.6.6      Increasing demand for green energy       30

 

2              NANOMATERIALS IN BATTERIES 32

  • 2.1          Flexible and stretchable batteries in electronics  32
  • 2.2          Flexible and stretchable LIBs       32
    • 2.2.1      Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries          35
    • 2.2.2      Stretchable lithium-ion batteries               36
    • 2.2.3      Origami and kirigami lithium-ion batteries            37
    • 2.2.4      Flexible Zn-based batteries (ZIBs)             37
  • 2.3          Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               38
    • 2.3.1      Materials             39
  • 2.4          3D Printed batteries       41
  • 2.5          Nanomaterials in Li-ion batteries              42
    • 2.5.1      Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries          44
  • 2.6          Nanomaterials in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries 44
  • 2.7          Nanomaterials in Sodium-ion batteries   45
  • 2.8          Nanomaterials in Lithium-air batteries    46
  • 2.9          Nanomaterials in Magnesium batteries  47
  • 2.10        Graphene           47
    • 2.10.1    Market overview             48
    • 2.10.2    Applications       48
    • 2.10.3    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       50
    • 2.10.4    Product developers        52
  • 2.11        Carbon nanotubes           57
    • 2.11.1    Market overview             58
      • 2.11.1.1                MWCNTs             58
      • 2.11.1.2                SWCNTs               61
      • 2.11.1.3                Carbon nano-onions (CNOs) or onion-like carbon (OLC), 62
      • 2.11.1.4                BNNTs  63
    • 2.11.2    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       64
    • 2.11.3    Product developers        66
  • 2.12        Fullerenes           70
  • 2.13        Quantum dots   71
    • 2.13.1    Properties           71
    • 2.13.2    Companies         71
  • 2.14        Graphene Quantum Dots             72
  • 2.15        Silicon nanowires             74
    • 2.15.1    Companies         75
  • 2.16        Carbon nanofibers (CNFs)            75

 

3              NANOMATERIALS IN SUPERCAPACITORS 76

  • 3.1          Market drivers and trends            76
  • 3.2          Graphene           77
    • 3.2.1      Market overview             77
    • 3.2.2      Applications       77
    • 3.2.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       80
    • 3.2.4      Product developers        81
  • 3.3          Carbon nanotubes           83
    • 3.3.1      Market overview             83
    • 3.3.2      Applications       84
    • 3.3.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       85
    • 3.3.4      Product developers        87
  • 3.4          Nanodiamonds 89
    • 3.4.1      Market overview             89
    • 3.4.2      Applications       89
    • 3.4.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       91

 

4              COMPANY PROFILES       93 (156 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

5              REFERENCES       220

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.          14
  • Table 2. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.      15
  • Table 3. Main global battery and supercapacitor players. 18
  • Table 4. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.                20
  • Table 5. Wearable energy storage and energy harvesting products.           21
  • Table 6. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.      23
  • Table 7. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               24
  • Table 8. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.  26
  • Table 9. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                40
  • Table 10: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.             42
  • Table 11: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.          45
  • Table 12: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.           46
  • Table 13: Applications in magnesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.         47
  • Table 14. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      48
  • Table 15. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.             48
  • Table 16. Market prospects for graphene in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.     50
  • Table 17: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               51
  • Table 18: Product developers in graphene batteries.        52
  • Table 19. Properties of carbon nanotubes.           57
  • Table 20. Market and applications for MWCNTs in batteries.        59
  • Table 21. Market and applications for SWCNTs in batteries.          62
  • Table 22. Market prospects for carbon nanotubes in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.            64
  • Table 23: Estimated demand for carbon nanotubes in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.              65
  • Table 24: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for batteries. 66
  • Table 25.Quantum dots product and application developers in batteries. 72
  • Table 26. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 73
  • Table 27. Silicon nanowire battery producers.     75
  • Table 28. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.         77
  • Table 29: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.               77
  • Table 30. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.             78
  • Table 31. Market prospects for graphene in supercapacitors--addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks             80
  • Table 32: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.      80
  • Table 33: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.          81
  • Table 34. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.       83
  • Table 35. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.         84
  • Table 36. Market assessment for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.   85
  • Table 37: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     86
  • Table 38: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors.  87
  • Table 39. Market overview for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.              89
  • Table 40. Nanodiamonds in supercapacitors. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, concentration    89
  • Table 41. Market assessment for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.         91
  • Table 42. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.       91
  • Table 43. Adamas Nanotechnologies, Inc. nanodiamond product list.        97
  • Table 44. Carbodeon Ltd. Oy nanodiamond product list.  120
  • Table 45. Chasm SWCNT products.           122
  • Table 46. Ray-Techniques Ltd. nanodiamonds product list.             193
  • Table 47. Comparison of ND produced by detonation and laser synthesis.              193

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Flexible batteries on the market.            21
  • Figure 2. Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries. 22
  • Figure 3. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor.  23
  • Figure 4. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.              25
  • Figure 5. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (estimated revenues)-graphene, nanotubes, silicon nanowires, 2018-2030, millions USD.              26
  • Figure 6. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.                27
  • Figure 7. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.       28
  • Figure 8. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.     29
  • Figure 9. Costs of batteries to 2030.          30
  • Figure 10. Printed 1.5V battery. 32
  • Figure 11. Materials and design structures in flexible lithium ion batteries.             33
  • Figure 12. LiBEST flexible battery.             33
  • Figure 13. Schematic of the structure of stretchable LIBs.               34
  • Figure 14. Electrochemical performance of materials in flexible LIBs.         34
  • Figure 15. Carbon nanotubes incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries.        36
  • Figure 16. (A) Schematic overview of a flexible supercapacitor as compared to conventional supercapacitor.          39
  • Figure 17. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor. 41
  • Figure 18. Theoretical energy densities of different rechargeable batteries.           46
  • Figure 19. Applications of graphene in batteries. 50
  • Figure 20: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.  52
  • Figure 21. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          53
  • Figure 22. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             54
  • Figure 23. Real Graphene Powerbank.    55
  • Figure 24. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   56
  • Figure 25. Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube. 61
  • Figure 26: TEM image of carbon onion.   63
  • Figure 27: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red. 64
  • Figure 28: Demand for carbon nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.          65
  • Figure 29: Nano Lithium X Battery.           66
  • Figure 30. Fullerene schematic. 71
  • Figure 31. StoreDot battery charger.        72
  • Figure 32: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    72
  • Figure 33. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      74
  • Figure 34. Marker drivers and trends for nanomaterials in supercapacitors.           76
  • Figure 35. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors.  79
  • Figure 36: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     81
  • Figure 37. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.              82
  • Figure 38: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger. 83
  • Figure 39: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.   87
  • Figure 40. Nawa's ultracapacitors.             88
  • Figure 41. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.      92
  • Figure 42. Graphene flake products.        100
  • Figure 43. Amprius battery products.      104
  • Figure 44: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 108
  • Figure 45: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              108
  • Figure 46: CNF nonwoven fabric.               109
  • Figure 47. Schematic of a fluidized bed reactor which is able to scale up the generation of SWNTs using the CoMoCAT process.               123
  • Figure 48. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 131
  • Figure 49: Rheocrysta spray.       131
  • Figure 50. DKS CNF products.      132
  • Figure 51. Graphene battery schematic. 133
  • Figure 52. Fuji carbon nanotube products.            141
  • Figure 53. Cup Stacked Type Carbon Nano Tubes schematic.         151
  • Figure 54. CSCNT composite dispersion. 152
  • Figure 55. MEIJO eDIPS product.               166
  • Figure 56. Cellulomix production process.             170
  • Figure 57. Nanobase versus conventional products.          170
  • Figure 58. Nanotech Energy battery.       180
  • Figure 59. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.               181
  • Figure 60. NBD battery. 182
  • Figure 61. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.            183
  • Figure 62. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.      184
  • Figure 63. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.     205
  • Figure 64. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.             210

 

 

 

The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
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