The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors

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Published August 20, 2020, 215 pages, 44 tables, 51 figures

With global energy demands ever increasing, allied to efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and eliminate air pollutions, it is now essential to provide efficient, cost-effective, and environmental friendly energy storage devices. The growing market for smart grit networks, electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is also driving the market for improving the energy density of rechargeable batteries.

Rechargeable battery technologies (such as Li-ion, Li-S, Na-ion, Li-O2 batteries) and supercapacitors are among the most promising power storage and supply systems in terms of their widespread applicability, and tremendous potential owing to their high energy and power densities. LIBs are currently the dominant mobile power sources for portable electronic devices used in cell phones and laptops.

Although great advances have been made, each type of battery still suffers from problems that seriously hinder the practical applications for example in commercial EVs and PHEVs. The performance of these devices is inherently tied to the properties of materials used to build them. Nanotechnology and nanomaterials will play an important role in all aspects of the energy sector:

Lithium-ion batteries have shown great promise in portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their long lifespan and high safety. However, hurdles relating to the sluggish dynamics and poor cycling stability restrict the practical application. Nanostructured materials, due to their significantly decreased particles size, are thought to effectively address these issues. Advantages of nanomaterials include:

  • Nanoscale shortens lithium-ion diffusion length.
  • New reactions at nanoscale are not possible with bulk materials.
  • Nanoscale combining with electronic conductive coating improves electronic transport.
  • Decreased mechanical stresses due to volume change lead to increased cyclability and lifetime.
  • Nanoscale enhances the electrode capability of Li storage.
  • Ordered mesoporous structure favours both Li storage and fast electrode kinetic.
  • Nano-structure enhances cycle stability.

 

Nanomaterials are also finding application in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries, sodium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries, magnesium batteries and paper, flexible and stretchable batteries.  Nanomaterials, especially carbon nanomaterials and silicon nanowires, have been widely investigated as effective electrodes in supercapacitors due to their high specific surface area, excellent electrical and mechanical properties. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors include:

  • Electrodes in batteries and capacitors.
  • Anodes, cathodes and electrolytes in Li-ion (LIB) batteries.
  • Inks printable batteries and supercapacitors.
  • LIB cathodes.
  • Anode coatings to prevent corrosion.
  • Nanofiber-based polymeric battery separators.
  • Biodegradable green batteries. 

 

Nanomaterials covered in this report include: 

  • Graphene
  • Multi-walled nanotubes (MWCNT)
  • Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)
  • Fullerenes. 
  • Graphene quantum dots. 
  • Nanodiamonds.
  • Carbon Nanofibers.
  • Si Nanowires.
  • Quantum dots.

 

Report contents include:

  • Battery and supercapacitor market megatrends and market drivers. 
  • Types of nanomaterials utilized in batteries and supercapacitors. 
  • Global market for in tons and revenues, historical and forecast to 2030, by nanomaterials types
  • Markets for nanomaterials in batteries and supercapacitors including electric vehicles, UAVs, medical wearables, consumer wearables and electronics. 
  • Over 140 indepth company profiles. Comapanies profiled include Amprius, Inc., BAK Power Battery, BeDimensional, Bodi Energy, Dongxu Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd., Graphenenano, HE3DA sro, Nexeon, Sila Nanotechnologies and many more. 

 

Table of contents (PDF)

Download Table of contents (PDF)

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  13

  • 1.1          Market drivers  14
  • 1.2          Main global battery and supercapacitor players  16
  • 1.3          Flexible and stretchable batteries             18
  • 1.4          Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               19
  • 1.5          Global market for in tons, historical and forecast to 2030                21
    • 1.5.1      Batteries              21
      • 1.5.1.1   Demand in tons 21
      • 1.5.1.2   Revenues            23
  • 1.5.2      Supercapacitors 23
  • 1.6          Battery market megatrends        24
    • 1.6.1      Electrification of transport           24
    • 1.6.2      Reducing dependence on lithium and other materials (e.g. cobalt).            25
    • 1.6.3      New advanced battery materials               27
    • 1.6.4      Development of next-generation flexible electronics       27
    • 1.6.5      Reduced battery costs   28
    • 1.6.6      Increasing demand for green energy       28

 

2              NANOMATERIALS IN BATTERIES                29

  • 2.1          Nanomaterials in Li-ion batteries              29
    • 2.1.1      Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries          31
  • 2.2          Nanomaterials in Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries 31
  • 2.3          Nanomaterials in Sodium-ion batteries   32
  • 2.4          Nanomaterials in Lithium-air batteries    33
  • 2.5          Nanomaterials in Magnesium batteries  34
  • 2.6          Graphene           34
    • 2.6.1      Market overview             35
    • 2.6.2      Applications       35
    • 2.6.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       37
    • 2.6.4      Product developers        39
  • 2.7          Carbon nanotubes           44
    • 2.7.1      Market overview             45
      • 2.7.1.1   MWCNTs             45
      • 2.7.1.2   SWCNTs               48
      • 2.7.1.3   Carbon nano-onions (CNOs) or onion-like carbon (OLC), 49
      • 2.7.1.4   BNNTs  50
    • 2.7.2      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       51
    • 2.7.3      Product developers        53
  • 2.8          Fullerenes           57
  • 2.9          Quantum dots   58
    • 2.9.1      Properties           58
    • 2.9.2      Companies         58
  • 2.10        Graphene Quantum Dots             59
  • 2.11        Silicon nanowires             61
    • 2.11.1    Companies         62
  • 2.12        Carbon nanofibers (CNFs)            62

 

3              NANOMATERIALS IN SUPERCAPACITORS              63

  • 3.1          Market drivers and trends            63
  • 3.2          Graphene           64
    • 3.2.1      Market overview             64
    • 3.2.2      Applications       64
    • 3.2.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       67
    • 3.2.4      Product developers        68
  • 3.3          Carbon nanotubes           70
    • 3.3.1      Market overview             70
    • 3.3.2      Applications       71
    • 3.3.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       72
    • 3.3.4      Product developers        74
  • 3.4          Nanodiamonds 76
    • 3.4.1      Market overview             76
    • 3.4.2      Applications       76
    • 3.4.3      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       78

 

4              COMPANY PROFILES      80

 

5              REFERENCES       197

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.          13
  • Table 2. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.      14
  • Table 3. Main global battery and supercapacitor players. 16
  • Table 4. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.                19
  • Table 5. Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.      21
  • Table 6. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               21
  • Table 7. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.  23
  • Table 8: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 29
  • Table 9: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.            32
  • Table 10: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.           33
  • Table 11: Applications in magnesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.         34
  • Table 12. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      35
  • Table 13. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.             35
  • Table 14. Market prospects for graphene in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.     37
  • Table 15: Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.               38
  • Table 16: Product developers in graphene batteries.        39
  • Table 17. Properties of carbon nanotubes.           44
  • Table 18. Market and applications for MWCNTs in batteries.        46
  • Table 19. Market and applications for SWCNTs in batteries.          49
  • Table 20. Market prospects for carbon nanotubes in batteries-addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks.            51
  • Table 21: Estimated demand for carbon nanotubes in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.              52
  • Table 22: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for batteries. 53
  • Table 23.Quantum dots product and application developers in batteries. 59
  • Table 24. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 60
  • Table 25. Silicon nanowire battery producers.     62
  • Table 25. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.         64
  • Table 26: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.               64
  • Table 27. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, Graphene concentration.             65
  • Table 28. Market prospects for graphene in supercapacitors--addressable market size, competitive landscape, commercial prospects and technology drawbacks             67
  • Table 29: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.      67
  • Table 30: Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.          68
  • Table 31. Market overview for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.       70
  • Table 32. Market and applications for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.         71
  • Table 33. Market assessment for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors.   72
  • Table 34: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     73
  • Table 35: Product developers in carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors.  74
  • Table 36. Market overview for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.              76
  • Table 37. Nanodiamonds in supercapacitors. Market age, applications, Key benefits and motivation for use, concentration    76
  • Table 38. Market assessment for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors.         78
  • Table 39. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.       78
  • Table 40. Adamas Nanotechnologies, Inc. nanodiamond product list.        84
  • Table 41. Carbodeon Ltd. Oy nanodiamond product list.  107
  • Table 42. Chasm SWCNT products.           109
  • Table 43. Ray-Techniques Ltd. nanodiamonds product list.             170
  • Table 44. Comparison of ND produced by detonation and laser synthesis.              170

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries. 20
  • Figure 2. Stretchable graphene supercapacitor.  20
  • Figure 3. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.              22
  • Figure 4. Global demand for nanomaterials in batteries (estimated revenues)-graphene, nanotubes, silicon nanowires, 2018-2030, millions USD.              23
  • Figure 4. Global demand for nanomaterials in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.                24
  • Figure 5. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.       26
  • Figure 6. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2030.     26
  • Figure 7. Costs of batteries to 2030.          28
  • Figure 8. Theoretical energy densities of different rechargeable batteries.             33
  • Figure 9. Applications of graphene in batteries.  37
  • Figure 10: Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.  39
  • Figure 11. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          40
  • Figure 12. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             41
  • Figure 13. Real Graphene Powerbank.    42
  • Figure 14. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   43
  • Figure 15. Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube. 48
  • Figure 16: TEM image of carbon onion.   50
  • Figure 17: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red. 51
  • Figure 18: Demand for carbon nanomaterials in batteries (tons), 2018-2030.          52
  • Figure 19: Nano Lithium X Battery.           53
  • Figure 20. Fullerene schematic. 58
  • Figure 21. StoreDot battery charger.        59
  • Figure 22: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    59
  • Figure 23. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      61
  • Figure 24. Marker drivers and trends for nanomaterials in supercapacitors.           63
  • Figure 25. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors.  66
  • Figure 26: Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.     68
  • Figure 27. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.              69
  • Figure 28: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger. 70
  • Figure 29: Demand for carbon nanotubes in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2030.   74
  • Figure 30. Nawa's ultracapacitors.             75
  • Figure 31. Global market in tons for nanodiamonds in supercapacitors, historical and forecast to 2030.      79
  • Figure 32. Graphene flake products.        87
  • Figure 38. Amprius battery products.      91
  • Figure 33: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 95
  • Figure 34: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              95
  • Figure 35: CNF nonwoven fabric.               96
  • Figure 36. Schematic of a fluidized bed reactor which is able to scale up the generation of SWNTs using the CoMoCAT process.               110
  • Figure 37. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 116
  • Figure 38: Rheocrysta spray.       116
  • Figure 39. DKS CNF products.      117
  • Figure 40. Graphene battery schematic. 118
  • Figure 41. Fuji carbon nanotube products.            125
  • Figure 42. Cup Stacked Type Carbon Nano Tubes schematic.         136
  • Figure 43. CSCNT composite dispersion. 136
  • Figure 44. MEIJO eDIPS product.               148
  • Figure 45. Cellulomix production process.             151
  • Figure 46. Nanobase versus conventional products.          152
  • Figure 47. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.               161
  • Figure 48. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.            162
  • Figure 49. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.      163
  • Figure 50. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.     182
  • Figure 51. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.             187

 

 

The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
The Global Market for Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
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