The Global Market for Smart Coatings to 2030

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smart-coatings-coverSmart coatings are coating systems that are capable of responding dynamically to external changes in their environment. These types of coatings elicit a sensory response to environmental stimuli such as changes in temperature or current and respond accordingly.

Although smart coatings are not new, the growing development of nanotechnology and advanced materials has opened new avenues for multi-functional coatings that sense and react to stress, pressure, corrosion, radiation and biological stimuli. The incorporation of multi-functional, smart nanofillers to polymer matrix results in a range of unique properties.

Examples of smart coatings include stimuli responsive, conductive, self-healing, and super hydrophobic systems. This report assesses the latest technical developments in the smart coatings market including:

Smart coating types analysis
The global smart coating market is segmented into self-healing coatings, electrochromic coatings, thermochromic coatings, hydrophobic coatings, superhydrophobic coatings, smart windows and glass coatings and films, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings and piezoelectric coatings.

Smart coating producer competitive analysis
The key players in the global smart coating market are profiled including products and target markets.

Smart coating end user market analysis
The global smart coating end user application market is segmented into aerospace, automotive, construction, consumer electronics, marine, medical & healthcare, military & defence, packaging, textiles and apparel, energy, oil & gas.

This report will answer the following questions:

  • How large is the current market for smart coatings?
  • What is the status of these technology areas?
  • What is driving deployment of these coatings?
  • What are the potential market opportunities?
  • Who are developing these coatings and in what market?

Report contents include:

  • Stage of commercialization for smart coatings, from basic research to market entry.
  • Market revenues forecasts to 2030.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for smart coatings including revenues, growth rates etc.
  • In-depth company profiles, including products and commercial activities.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and user demand.
  • Companies profiled in the report include Autonomic Materials, Covestro, SLIPS Technologies, Suprapolix BV, Battelle, Oceanit, Tesla Nanocoatings and many more.

Revised September 2018  | 332 pages. 93 figures, 64 tables | Table of contents

The Global Market for Smart Coatings
The Global Market for Smart Coatings
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 28

  • 1.1    Need for high performance, multi-functional smart coatings…………………………………………… 28
  • 1.2    Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29
    • 1.2.1     Performance advantage of smart coatings…………………………………………………………….. 29
    • 1.2.2     Protection AND detection……………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
    • 1.2.3     Increased demand for autonomous coatings for aggressive environments……………. 30
    • 1.2.4     Cost of corrosion……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 31
    • 1.2.5     Need for improved hygiene……………………………………………………………………………………. 32
    • 1.2.6     Sustainable and environmentally friendly coating systems and materials………………. 32
  • 1.3    Market size and opportunity for smart coatings………………………………………………………………. 32
    • 1.3.1     Total market revenues, 2015-2030………………………………………………………………………… 36
    • 1.3.2     Smart coatings revenues by markets, 2015-2030………………………………………………….. 37
    • 1.3.3     Market for smart coatings, by coatings type, 2016-2026………………………………………… 40
  • 1.4    Market and technical challenges…………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
    • 1.4.1     Durability………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
    • 1.4.2     Dispersion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
    • 1.4.3     Transparency…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42
    • 1.4.4     Production, scalability and cost………………………………………………………………………………. 42
    • 1.4.5     Smart glass……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 43

2    TYPES OF SMART COATINGS……………………………………………….. 45

  • 2.1    What are smart coatings?………………………………………………………………………………………………. 45
    • 2.1.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 45
    • 2.1.2     Types of smart coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 46

3    ANTI-CORROSION SMART COATINGS…………………………………… 47

  • 3.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
  • 3.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52

4    ANTI-ICING SMART COATINGS……………………………………………… 53

  • 4.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53
  • 4.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 54

5    ANTI-FOULING AND EASY-TO-CLEAN SMART COATINGS……… 57

  • 5.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 57
  • 5.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59

6    ANTI-MICROBIAL SMART COATINGS…………………………………….. 60

  • 6.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 60
  • 6.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62

7    ELECTROCHROMIC COATINGS…………………………………………….. 64

  • 7.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 64
  • 7.2    Materials…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 66
    • 7.2.1     Inorganic metal oxides……………………………………………………………………………………………. 66
    • 7.2.2     Organic EC materials……………………………………………………………………………………………… 67
    • 7.2.3     Nanomaterials………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 67
  • 7.3    Benefits………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 67
  • 7.4    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68
    • 7.4.1     Residential and commercial windows…………………………………………………………………….. 68
    • 7.4.2     Automotive……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 69
      • 7.4.2.1       Mirrors……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
    • 7.4.3     Aerospace……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
    • 7.4.4     Sunglasses and visors……………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 7.4.5     Flexible displays and wearables…………………………………………………………………………….. 70

8    THERMOCHROMIC COATINGS……………………………………………… 71

  • 8.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 71
  • 8.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72

9    HYDROPHOBIC COATINGS…………………………………………………… 74

  • 9.1    Hydrophilic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 74
  • 9.2    Self-cleaning…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75
    • 9.2.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 75
  • 9.3    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76

10 SUPERHYDROPHOBIC COATINGS………………………………………… 77

  • 10.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77
    • 10.1.1        Durability issues…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78
  • 10.1.2        Nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79

11 SUSPENDED PARTICLE DEVICE (SPD) SMART GLASS………….. 79

  • 11.1      Benefits………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 80
  • 11.2      Shortcomings……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
  • 11.3      Markets………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81
    • 11.3.1        Windows…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 81
    • 11.3.2        Automotive…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 82
    • 11.3.3        Aviation………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 83

12 PHOTOCHROMIC SMART GLASS………………………………………….. 83

  • 12.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84
  • 12.2      Markets………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 84

13 POLYMER DISPERSED LIQUID CRYSTAL SMART GLASS………. 84

  • 13.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 85
    • 13.1.1        Types…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
      • 13.1.1.1     Laminated Switchable PDLC Glass……………………………………………………………….. 86
      • 13.1.1.2     Self-adhesive Switchable PDLC Film…………………………………………………………….. 86
  • 13.2      Markets………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
    • 13.2.1        Interior glass………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
    • 13.2.2        Healthcare…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 88
    • 13.2.3        Projection…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 88

14 OLEOPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS………………………… 88

  • 14.1      Liquid-infused coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………. 89
  • 14.2      Covalent bonding……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 89
  • 14.3      Step-growth graft polymerization……………………………………………………………………………….. 89
  • 14.4      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 90

15 ELECTROKINETIC GLASS…………………………………………………….. 91

  • 15.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 91

16 SELF-HEALING COATINGS……………………………………………………. 92

  • 16.1      Extrinsic self-healing………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 94
    • 16.1.1        Capsule-based…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 94
    • 16.1.2        Vascular self-healing………………………………………………………………………………………….. 94
  • 16.2      Intrinsic self-healing……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 95
  • 16.3      Healing volume…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 96
  • 16.4      TYPES OF SELF-HEALING MATERIALS AND COATINGS……………………………………… 99
    • 16.4.1        Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………….. 101
      • 16.4.1.1     Anti-corrosion………………………………………………………………………………………………. 101
      • 16.4.1.2     Scratch repair………………………………………………………………………………………………. 101
  • 16.5      POLYURETHANE CLEAR COATS………………………………………………………………………….. 102
    • 16.5.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 102
    • 16.5.2        Markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 102
  • 16.6      MICRO-/NANOCAPSULES……………………………………………………………………………………… 102
    • 16.6.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 103
    • 16.6.2        Markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 103
  • 16.7      MICROVASCULAR NETWORKS…………………………………………………………………………….. 104
    • 16.7.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 104
    • 16.7.2        Markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 104
  • 16.8      REVERSIBLE POLYMERS……………………………………………………………………………………… 104
    • 16.8.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 105
    • 16.8.2        Markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
  • 16.9      CLICK POLYMERIZATION………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
    • 16.9.1        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 105
    • 16.9.2        Markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
  • 16.10    CARBON NANOTUBES…………………………………………………………………………………………… 105
    • 16.10.1      Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 106
  • 16.11    GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS…………………………………………………………….. 108
    • 16.11.1      Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 108
  • 16.12    POLYAMPHOLYTE HYDROGELS………………………………………………………………………….. 109
    • 16.12.1      Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 109
  • 16.13    SHAPE MEMORY……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 110
    • 16.13.1      Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 110

17 POLY(IONIC LIQUID) COATINGS………………………………………….. 111

  • 17.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 111
  • 17.2      Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 111

18 METAL–ORGANIC FRAMEWORK (MOF) COATINGS……………… 112

  • 18.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 112
  • 18.2      Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 112

19 MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY END USER MARKET……… 113

  • 19.1      SMART COATINGS IN THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY………………………………………….. 113
    • 19.1.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 113
    • 19.1.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 115
      • 19.1.2.1     Smart thermal protection……………………………………………………………………………… 117
      • 19.1.2.2     Smart icing prevention coatings…………………………………………………………………… 117
      • 19.1.2.3     Smart conductive and anti-static coatings……………………………………………………. 118
      • 19.1.2.4     Smart corrosion-resistant coatings………………………………………………………………. 118
      • 19.1.2.5     Smart windows…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119
      • 19.1.2.6     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 120
    • 19.1.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 121
    • 19.1.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 123-135 (28 company profiles)
  • 19.2      SMART COATINGS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY………………………………………… 136
    • 19.2.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 136
    • 19.2.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 137
      • 19.2.2.1     Smart windows and mirrors…………………………………………………………………………. 140
      • 19.2.2.2     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 143
      • 19.2.2.3     Self-healing glass………………………………………………………………………………………… 144
    • 19.2.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 144
    • 19.2.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 147- 159 (28 company profiles)
  • 19.3      SMART COATINGS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY……………………………………. 159
    • 19.3.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 159
    • 19.3.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 161
      • 19.3.2.1     Smart glass and windows……………………………………………………………………………. 162
      • 19.3.2.2     Anti-graffiti……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 166
      • 19.3.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 166
    • 19.3.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 171-203 (65 company profiles)
  • 19.4      SMART COATINGS IN THE CONSUMER ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY…………………. 203
    • 19.4.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 204
    • 19.4.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 205
      • 19.4.2.1     Waterproof coatings…………………………………………………………………………………….. 205
      • 19.4.2.2     Conductive films………………………………………………………………………………………….. 207
      • 19.4.2.3     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 208
    • 19.4.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 210
    • 19.4.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 212-220 (22 company profiles)
  • 19.5      SMART COATINGS IN THE MARINE INDUSTRY………………………………………………….. 221
    • 19.5.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 221
    • 19.5.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 222
      • 19.5.2.1     Corrosion detection……………………………………………………………………………………… 222
      • 19.5.2.2     Self-healing………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 223
    • 19.5.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 224
    • 19.5.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 226-233 (18 company profiles)
  • 19.6      SMART COATINGS IN THE MEDICAL & HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY……………………. 233
    • 19.6.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 233
    • 19.6.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 235
      • 19.6.2.1     Flexible/stretchable health monitors…………………………………………………………….. 236
      • 19.6.2.2     Patch type skin sensors……………………………………………………………………………….. 238
    • 19.6.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 239
    • 19.6.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 243-254 (29 company profiles)
  • 19.7      SMART COATINGS IN THE MILITARY AND DEFENCE INDUSTRY……………………… 255
    • 19.7.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 255
    • 19.7.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 256
      • 19.7.2.1     Textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 256
      • 19.7.2.2     Military equipment……………………………………………………………………………………….. 257
      • 19.7.2.3     Chemical and biological protection………………………………………………………………. 257
      • 19.7.2.4     Decontamination………………………………………………………………………………………….. 257
      • 19.7.2.5     Thermal barrier……………………………………………………………………………………………. 257
      • 19.7.2.6     EMI/ESD Shielding………………………………………………………………………………………. 258
      • 19.7.2.7     Anti-reflection………………………………………………………………………………………………. 258
      • 19.7.2.8     Self-healing vehicles……………………………………………………………………………………. 258
    • 19.7.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 258
    • 19.7.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 260-265 (15 company profiles)
  • 19.8      SMART COATINGS IN THE TEXTILES AND APPAREL INDUSTRY……………………… 265
    • 19.8.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 265
    • 19.8.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 267
      • 19.8.2.1     Self-healing fabrics………………………………………………………………………………………. 273
    • 19.8.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 274
    • 19.8.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 276-291 (35 company profiles)
  • 19.9      SMART COATINGS IN THE ENERGY INDUSTRY…………………………………………………. 291
    • 19.9.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 292
    • 19.9.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 293
      • 19.9.2.1     Wind energy………………………………………………………………………………………………… 293
      • 19.9.2.2     Solar…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 293
      • 19.9.2.3     Gas turbine coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 295
    • 19.9.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 295
    • 19.9.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 298-304 (15 company profiles)
  • 19.10    SMART COATINGS IN  THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY………………………………………… 304
    • 19.10.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 304
    • 19.10.2      Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 306
      • 19.10.2.1       Self-healing metals………………………………………………………………………………….. 308
    • 19.10.3      Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 309
    • 19.10.4      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 310-316 (16 company profiles)

20 OTHER MARKETS……………………………………………………………….. 316

  • 20.1      Electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 317
    • 20.1.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 317
    • 20.1.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 317
      • 20.1.2.1     Self-healing consumer electronic device coatings……………………………………….. 318
      • 20.1.2.2     Flexible insulators………………………………………………………………………………………… 319
      • 20.1.2.3     Self-healing flexible and stretchable wearables…………………………………………… 320
      • 20.1.2.4     Self-healing soft robotics……………………………………………………………………………… 321
    • 20.1.3        Commercial activity………………………………………………………………………………………….. 321

21 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 322

 

TABLES

  • Table 1: Properties of smart coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 28
  • Table 2: Markets for smart coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
  • Table 3: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2030, by markets, USD. Conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37
  • Table 4: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2030, by markets, USD. High estimate…. 39
  • Table 5: Market for smart coatings, by coatings type, 2016-2026, USD, conservative estimate…. 40
  • Table 6: Disadvantages of commonly utilized superhydrophobic coating methods…………………….. 42
  • Table 7 Market and technical challenges for smart glass and windows, by main technology type. 43
  • Table 8: Anti-corrosion smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47
  • Table 9: Anti-corrosion smart coatings markets and applications……………………………………………….. 52
  • Table 10: Anti-icing smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties, applications. 53
  • Table 11: Anti-icing smart coatings-Markets and applications…………………………………………………….. 56
  • Table 12: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
  • Table 13: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean smart coatings markets and applications……………………. 59
  • Table 14: Anti-microbial smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • Table 15: Anti-microbial nanocoatings markets and applications……………………………………………….. 63
  • Table 16 Types of electrochromic materials and applications…………………………………………………….. 66
  • Table 17: Contact angles of hydrophilic, super hydrophilic, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75
  • Table 18: Superhydrophobic coatings-Markets and applications………………………………………………… 76
  • Table 19: Applications of oleophobic & omniphobic coatings……………………………………………………… 90
  • Table 20: Cross-section of Electro Kinetic Film…………………………………………………………………………… 92
  • Table 21: Self-healing materials and coatings markets and applications……………………………………. 98
  • Table 22: Types of self-healing coatings and materials………………………………………………………………. 99
  • Table 23: Comparative properties of self-healing materials………………………………………………………. 100
  • Table 24: Companies producing polyurethane clear coat products for self-healing………………….. 102
  • Table 25: Properties of graphene……………………………………………………………………………………………… 108
  • Table 26: Applications of poly (ionic liquid) coatings…………………………………………………………………. 111
  • Table 27: Applications of MOF coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 112
  • Table 28: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the aerospace industry…………………… 114
  • Table 29: Types of smart coatings utilized in aerospace and application…………………………………. 116
  • Table 30: Market size for smart coatings in aerospace…………………………………………………………….. 121
  • Table 31: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the automotive industry………………….. 136
  • Table 32: Smart coatings applied in the automotive industry……………………………………………………. 138
  • Table 33: Technologies for smart windows and mirrors in automobiles……………………………………. 140
  • Table 34: Market size for smart coatings in automotive……………………………………………………………. 145
  • Table 35: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the construction industry………………… 160
  • Table 36:Smart coatings applied in the construction industry…………………………………………………… 161
  • Table 37: Comparison of smart glass and windows types………………………………………………………… 162
  • Table 38: Technologies for smart windows in buildings……………………………………………………………. 164
  • Table 39 Total market revenues for smart glass 2015-2027 by market, million USD……………….. 168
  • Table 40: Cross-section of Electro Kinetic Film………………………………………………………………………… 177
  • Table 41: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the consumer electronics industry….. 204
  • Table 42: Smart coatings applied in the consumer electronics industry……………………………………. 207
  • Table 43: Market size for smart coatings in electronics…………………………………………………………….. 210
  • Table 44: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the marine industry…………………………. 221
  • Table 45: Smart coatings applied in the marine industry………………………………………………………….. 222
  • Table 46: Market size for smart coatings in the marine industry……………………………………………….. 224
  • Table 47: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry.. 233
  • Table 48: Smart coatings applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 236
  • Table 49: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by smart materials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 237
  • Table 50: Market size for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry……………………… 241
  • Table 51: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the military and defence industry……. 255
  • Table 52: Market size for smart coatings in the military and defence industry………………………….. 258
  • Table 53: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry…….. 266
  • Table 54: Smart coatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, materials utilized, benefits and applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 268
  • Table 55: Smart clothing and apparel and stage of development…………………………………………….. 272
  • Table 56: Market size for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry…………………………… 274
  • Table 57: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the energy industry…………………………. 292
  • Table 58: Market size for smart coatings in the energy industry……………………………………………….. 295
  • Table 59: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the oil and gas industry…………………… 304
  • Table 60: Smart coatings in the oil and gas industry………………………………………………………………… 306
  • Table 61: Market size for smart coatings in the oil and gas industry…………………………………………. 309
  • Table 62: Market drivers for smart materials in electronics………………………………………………………. 317
  • Table 63: Commercial activity in self-healing energy applications……………………………………………. 321

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Micro/nano capsules incorporated within a coating matrix…………………………………………… 30
  • Figure 2: Schematic of the blistering and delamination mechanism……………………………………………. 31
  • Figure 3: Total market revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2030, USD. Conservative and high estimates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
  • Figure 4: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2030, by markets, USD. Conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37
  • Figure 5: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2030, by markets, USD. High estimate… 38
  • Figure 6: Markets for smart coatings 2015, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 39
  • Figure 7: Markets for smart coatings 2025, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 40
  • Figure 8: Nanovate CoP coating…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 50
  • Figure 9:  2000-hour salt fog results for Teslan nanocoatings……………………………………………………. 50
  • Figure 10: AnCatt proprietary polyaniline nanodispersion and coating structure………………………… 51
  • Figure 11: Schematic of anti-corrosion via superhydrophobic surface………………………………………… 51
  • Figure 12: Carbon nanotube based anti-icing/de-icing device…………………………………………………….. 54
  • Figure 13: Nanocoated surface in comparison to existing surfaces……………………………………………. 55
  • Figure 14: CNT anti-icing nanocoating……………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
  • Figure 15: NANOMYTE® SuperAi, a Durable Anti-ice Coating…………………………………………………… 56
  • Figure 16 Typical setup of an electrochromic device (ECD)……………………………………………………….. 65
  • Figure 17 Electrochromic smart glass schematic……………………………………………………………………….. 65
  • Figure 18: Electrochromic smart glass……………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
  • Figure 19: Examples of electrochromic smart windows each in fully coloured (left) and bleached state (right)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
  • Figure 20 Argil electrochromic film integrated with polycarbonate lenses…………………………………… 70
  • Figure 21: Thermochromic smart windows schematic………………………………………………………………… 71
  • Figure 22: Vertical insulated glass unit for a Suntuitive® thermochromic window………………………. 72
  • Figure 23: Vertical insulated glass unit for a Suntuitive® thermochromic window………………………. 73
  • Figure 24: (a) Water drops on a lotus leaf…………………………………………………………………………………… 74
  • Figure 25: A schematic of (a) water droplet on normal hydrophobic surface with contact angle greater than 90° and (b) water droplet on a superhydrophobic surface with a contact angle > 150°………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76
  • Figure 26: Contact angle on superhydrophobic coated surface………………………………………………….. 78
  • Figure 27: Self-cleaning nanocellulose dishware………………………………………………………………………… 79
  • Figure 28: SPD smart windows schematic………………………………………………………………………………….. 80
  • Figure 29 SPD smart film schematic. Control the transmittance of light and glare by adjusting AC voltage to the SPD Film………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 82
  • Figure 30 Mercedes “Magic Sky” sunroof…………………………………………………………………………………… 83
  • Figure 31 PDLC schematic…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 85
  • Figure 32 Smart glass made with polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) technology……………… 87
  • Figure 33: SLIPS repellent coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 89
  • Figure 34: Omniphobic coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 91
  • Figure 35: Schematic of self-healing polymers. Capsule based (a), vascular (b), and intrinsic (c) schemes for self-healing materials.  Red and blue colours indicate chemical species which react (purple) to heal damage……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 93
  • Figure 36: Stages of self-healing mechanism…………………………………………………………………………….. 94
  • Figure 37: Self-healing mechanism in vascular self-healing systems…………………………………………. 95
  • Figure 38: Comparison of self-healing systems………………………………………………………………………….. 96
  • Figure 39: Microspheres incorporating self-healing materials…………………………………………………….. 97
  • Figure 40: Flow of self-healing materials into the crack site……………………………………………………….. 98
  • Figure 41: Schematic of the self-healing concept using microcapsules with a healing agent inside…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 103
  • Figure 42: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube…………………………………………………………… 107
  • Figure 43 Alteos Interactive Window Systems………………………………………………………………………….. 120
  • Figure 44: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in aerospace……………………………….. 122
  • Figure 45: Revenues for smart coatings in aerospace 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 123
  • Figure 46  “Infinity” electrochromic mirror…………………………………………………………………………………. 142
  • Figure 47: Rear-view electrochromic mirrors, off (left image) and on (right image) state………….. 143
  • Figure 48 Argil electrochromic film laminated between automotive glass for sidelite applications. 143
  • Figure 49: Nissan Scratch Shield……………………………………………………………………………………………… 144
  • Figure 50: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the automotive sector………………. 146
  • Figure 51: Revenues for smart coatings in automotive 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 146
  • Figure 52: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the construction industry………….. 167
  • Figure 53: Revenues for smart coatings in construction and exterior protection 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 168
  • Figure 54 Total market revenues for smart glass 2015-2027 by market, million USD………………. 169
  • Figure 55 Smart glass and windows revenues by technology, 2015-2027, million USD…………… 170
  • Figure 56 Bestroom Smart VU film…………………………………………………………………………………………… 175
  • Figure 57: CoverLight by Chromogenics…………………………………………………………………………………… 176
  • Figure 58: Nanocoating submerged in water……………………………………………………………………………. 206
  • Figure 59: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank……………………………………………. 207
  • Figure 60: Self-healing dielectric material for wearable electronics………………………………………….. 209
  • Figure 61: Self-healing patent schematic………………………………………………………………………………….. 209
  • Figure 62: Self-healing coating on glass…………………………………………………………………………………… 210
  • Figure 63: Self-healing glass developed at the University of Tokyo………………………………………….. 210
  • Figure 64: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in electronics……………………………….. 211
  • Figure 65: Revenues for smart coatings in consumer electronics 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 212
  • Figure 66: Schematic of the nanocapsule-based self-healing coatings…………………………………….. 224
  • Figure 67: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the marine industry………………….. 225
  • Figure 68: Revenues for smart coatings in the marine industry 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 226
  • Figure 69: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra-flexible PLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 238
  • Figure 70: Graphene medical patch………………………………………………………………………………………….. 239
  • Figure 71: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor…………………………………………………………………. 240
  • Figure 72: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in medical & healthcare……………….. 242
  • Figure 73: Revenues for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 243
  • Figure 74: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in military and defence………………… 259
  • Figure 75: Revenues for smart coatings in the military industry 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 260
  • Figure 76: Omniphobic-coated fabric………………………………………………………………………………………… 268
  • Figure 77: Self-healing fabrics………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 273
  • Figure 78: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in textiles and apparel…………………. 275
  • Figure 79: Revenues for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 276
  • Figure 80: Schematic of self-healing solar cell………………………………………………………………………….. 294
  • Figure 81: Self-Cleaning Hydrophobic Coatings on solar panels……………………………………………… 295
  • Figure 82: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in energy……………………………………… 297
  • Figure 83: Revenues for smart coatings in the energy industry (inc. oil and gas) 2015-2030, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………….. 298
  • Figure 84: Oil-Repellent self-healing coatings…………………………………………………………………………… 308
  • Figure 85: Potential addressable market for smart coatings oil and gas exploration………………… 310
  • Figure 86: Self-healing dielectric material for wearable electronics………………………………………….. 318
  • Figure 87: Self-healing patent schematic………………………………………………………………………………….. 318
  • Figure 88: Self-healing coating on glass…………………………………………………………………………………… 319
  • Figure 89: Self-healing glass developed at the University of Tokyo………………………………………….. 319