The Global Market for Nanocellulose

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The use of nanocellulose offers environmentally friendly solutions and a petroleum-based alternative for a range of industries including automotive and packaging. Wood products have also grown in prominence recently in construction allowing for buildings that can be constructed faster, are strong, lightweight and offer improved insulation and noise reduction. The use of nanocellulose in buildings offer enhanced thermal insulation capability and mechanical properties that contribute to energy savings, less usage of environmentally harmful materials, and reduction of adverse environmental impacts.

Nanocellulose is a generic term referring to a range of cellulose nanoparticles including:

  • bacterial cellulose (BC)
  • microbial cellulose (MFC)
  • cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
  • cellulose nanofibrils/nanofibers (CNF/NFC)

The Global Market for Nanocellulose provides an in-depth analysis of the current and future markets for nanocellulose. These advanced bio-based materials are attractive due to their:

  • renewability and biodegradability
  • high strength
  • low density
  • high crystallinity
  • high aspect ratio
  • unique optical properties.

Nanocellulose will greatly impact environmentally friendly and biodegradable solutions in market such as packaging films, paper & board, composites, paints, coatings & films, biomedical applications (e.g., pharmaceuticals, diagnostic imaging, drug delivery, tissue engineering materials), textiles, oil & gas, filtration, cement, sensors, rheology modifiers, aerogels, 3D printing and printed & flexible electronics.

Most major paper and pulp producers are actively involved in commercialization of CNF, seeking commercial application in high volume industries such as paper & board and packaging. However, several are also seeking to move into applications in areas such as electronics and adding production of Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) for more advanced applications. Celluforce is investing in upgrading their CNC capability and Melodea is establishing a 35 ton per annum CNC plant.

The nanocellulose market is growing fast in Japan, with products already on the market in textiles, sanitary products and consumer goods. The market is heavily concentrated in countries with significant forestry industries.

The latest edition of The Global Market for Nanocelluose features a wide range of new information including:

  • 40 additional pages of content from previous edition.
  • Expanded analysis for the market for cellulose nanocrystals.
  • New figures on market size in revenues (Millions USD), by cellulose type. Current, historic and estimated to 2030.
  • New figures on regional market size in tons and revenues. Current, historic and estimated to 2030.
  • Roadmap for commercial nanocellulose commerical applications
  • In-depth analysis of market by applications including estimated market size, penetration and growth. Applications covered include: Polymer composite parts; Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites;  Automotive composites; Packaging films; Aerogels; Construction materials; Packaging fillers/additives; Paint and coatings additives; Deoderant sheets; Pharmaceutical additives; Renewable plastic parts/casings; Transparent films for electronics; Flexible and printed electronics; Batteries;  Flexible and paper batteries; Filtration membranes.
  • Expanded profiles on nanocellulose producers including recent activities to August 2019.

Report contents include: 

  • In-depth analysis of the global market for nanocellulose products, applications, producers, product developers and products
  • Nanocellulose applications by industry, matrix material and product. Applications are assessed for technology and market readiness, and potential market volume in terms of nanocellulose consumption by application.
  • Readiness of nanocellulose-based solution for each industry and nanomaterials working concentration in material application. Contribution of nanocelluose to improved performance in each application.
  • Assessment of nanocelluloese market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
  • Examples of successful markets and products.
    Competitive landscape for nanocellulose among other similar additives.
  • Global nanocellulose production capacities, by producer and type of nanocellulose.
  • Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose.
  • Current nanocellulose products (cellulose nanofibers, cellulose nanocrystals and bacterial cellulose).
  • Stage of commercialization for nanocellulose applications by company.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by target markets.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for nanocellulose including revenues, growth rates, pricing, and market challenges.
  • Revenues and tonnage demand for end user markets for nanocellulose.
  • Regional analysis of the market for nanocellulose.
  • 87 In-depth company profiles, including products, capacities, production processes, target markets and commmercial activities.

Companies featured in this report include Ashai Kasei Chemicals Corporation, Celluforce, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd., Daicel Corporation, Daio Paper Corporation, Fiberlean Technologies, Innventia AB, Stora Enso Ltd. and many more.

Published: August 8 2019 | 344 pages, 147 tables, 127 figures | Table of contents

Payment methods: Credit card, Paypal and Invoice (Bank transfer)

The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
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The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
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The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
PDF and print edition. Instant PDF download plus print copy in glossy print format. 5-7 working days delivery. Price includes postage and packing.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 26

  • 1.1     Market snapshot………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
  • 1.2     Markets and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28
  • 1.3     Nanocellulose production capacities, in tons………………………………………………………………………………. 30
    • 1.3.1       Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2019………………………………………………………… 31
    • 1.3.2       Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2019…………………………………………………… 32
    • 1.3.3       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2019…………………………………………………….. 33
  • 1.4     Main market opportunities in nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………… 34
  • 1.5     Global production of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
    • 1.5.1       Production plants and production status……………………………………………………………………………. 37
  • 1.6     Market trends in nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38
  • 1.7     Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………… 39
  • 1.8     Global nanocellulose market size…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
    • 1.8.1       The market for nanocellulose in 2017……………………………………………………………………………….. 40
    • 1.8.2       The market for nanocellulose in 2018……………………………………………………………………………….. 41
    • 1.8.3       Current nanocellulose commercial products……………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • 1.8.4       Global demand for nanocellulose by market, tons……………………………………………………………….. 45
    • 1.8.5       Global nanocellulose market, 2018–2030, tons…………………………………………………………………… 47
    • 1.8.6       Nanocellulose market by region………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
      • 1.8.6.1    Asia-Pacific……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
        • 1.8.6.1.1      Japan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49

2    RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY…………………………….. 51

3    INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………. 57

  • 3.1     Cellulose……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
  • 3.2     Nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
  • 3.3     Properties of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58
  • 3.4     Advantages of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 59
  • 3.5     Manufacture of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 59
  • 3.6     Production methods……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • 3.7     Types of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 61
    • 3.7.1       Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 63
    • 3.7.2       Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)……………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
      • 3.7.2.1    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
      • 3.7.2.2    Production methods of CNF producers…………………………………………………………………………. 65
    • 3.7.3       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)…………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
      • 3.7.3.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68
      • 3.7.3.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
    • 3.7.4       Bacterial Cellulose (BC)………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
      • 3.7.4.1    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
  • 3.8     Synthesis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72
    • 3.8.1       Microcrystalline cellulose (MC)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 72
    • 3.8.2       Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 72
    • 3.8.3       Nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 73
    • 3.8.4       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)…………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
    • 3.8.5       Bacterial cellulose particles (BC)……………………………………………………………………………………… 74

4    MARKET STRUCTURE FOR NANOCELLULOSE……………………… 75

  • 4.1     Volume of industry demand for nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………….. 75
  • 4.2     Current end users for nanocellulose, by market and company………………………………………………………… 76

5    SWOT ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………….. 78

6    REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS…………………………………………. 80

7    GOVERNMENT FUNDING FOR NANOCELLULOSE…………………. 84

8    TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL (TRL)………………………………. 85

9    NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN……………………………………….. 86

10 NANOCELLULOSE PRICING………………………………………………….. 88

11 NANOCELLULOSE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS………………… 90

12 COMPETING MATERIALS……………………………………………………… 94

  • 12.1        Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)……………………………………………………………………………… 94
    • 12.1.1     Brief description…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 94
    • 12.1.2     Volumes, values and growth…………………………………………………………………………………………… 94
    • 12.1.3     Key Trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94
  • 12.2        Graphene………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 95
    • 12.2.1     Brief description…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 95
    • 12.2.2     Volumes, values and growth…………………………………………………………………………………………… 95
    • 12.2.3     Key Trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 96
  • 12.3        Carbon fibers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 96
    • 12.3.1     Brief description…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 96
    • 12.3.2     Volumes, values and growth…………………………………………………………………………………………… 97
    • 12.3.3     Key Trends…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 97
    • 12.3.4     Growth………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 97

13 MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE………………………………………… 98

  • 13.1        NANOCELLULOSE IN COMPOSITES…………………………………………………………………………………. 98
    • 13.1.1     Trends in the composites market and nanocellulose solutions……………………………………………….. 99
    • 13.1.2     Comparison of nanocellulose to other composite materials………………………………………………….. 100
    • 13.1.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 100
      • 13.1.3.1       By cellulose type……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 101
      • 13.1.3.2       Applications roadmap…………………………………………………………………………………………. 101
    • 13.1.4     Global market for nanocellulose in composites………………………………………………………………….. 102
  • 13.2        NANOCELLULOSE IN AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE…………………………………………………………… 104
    • 13.2.1     Market trends and nanocellulose solution………………………………………………………………………… 104
    • 13.2.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
      • 13.2.2.1       Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
    • 13.2.3     Global market for nanocellulose in the aircraft and aerospace market…………………………………….. 105
      • 13.2.3.1       Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis………………………………….. 105
      • 13.2.3.2       Global demand in tons in aircraft and aerospace………………………………………………………. 105
    • 13.2.4     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 106
    • 13.2.5     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 107
  • 13.3        NANOCELLULOSE IN AUTOMOTIVE………………………………………………………………………………… 108
    • 13.3.1     Market trends and nanocellulose solution………………………………………………………………………… 108
    • 13.3.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 110
      • 13.3.2.1       Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 111
        • 13.3.2.1.1    Nanocellulose market in automotive…………………………………………………………………… 112
    • 13.3.3     Global market for nanocellulose in the automotive industry………………………………………………….. 112
    • 13.3.4     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 114
    • 13.3.5     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 115
  • 13.4        NANOCELLULOSE IN CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDINGS……………………………………………………. 117
    • 13.4.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 117
    • 13.4.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 118
    • 13.4.3     Global market for nanocellulose in construction…………………………………………………………………. 119
      • 13.4.3.1       Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis………………………………….. 119
      • 13.4.3.2       Global demand in tons in construction…………………………………………………………………….. 119
    • 13.4.4     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 120
    • 13.4.5     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 121
  • 13.5        NANOCELLULOSE IN PAPER AND BOARD/PACKAGING…………………………………………………….. 122
    • 13.5.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 122
    • 13.5.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 126
    • 13.5.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 127
      • 13.5.3.1       Reinforcing agents……………………………………………………………………………………………… 127
      • 13.5.3.2       Transparency and flexibility………………………………………………………………………………….. 128
      • 13.5.3.3       Paper packaging……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 128
      • 13.5.3.4       Paper coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 128
      • 13.5.3.4.1    Improved surface properties and print quality……………………………………………………….. 128
      • 13.5.3.5       Anti-microbials…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 128
      • 13.5.3.6       Packaging………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 128
      • 13.5.3.7       Anti-bacterial…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 129
      • 13.5.3.8       Gas barrier……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 129
    • 13.5.4     Global market for nanocellulose in paper & board/packaging……………………………………………….. 131
      • 13.5.4.1       Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis………………………………….. 131
      • 13.5.4.2       Global demand in tons in paper & board…………………………………………………………………. 132
    • 13.5.5     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 133
    • 13.5.6     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 134
  • 13.6        NANOCELLULOSE IN TEXTILES AND APPAREL………………………………………………………………… 136
    • 13.6.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 136
    • 13.6.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 137
      • 13.6.2.1       Sanitary products………………………………………………………………………………………………. 137
      • 13.6.2.2       Hygiene and absorbent products…………………………………………………………………………… 137
    • 13.6.3     Global market for nanocellulose in textiles……………………………………………………………………….. 139
      • 13.6.3.1       Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis………………………………….. 139
    • 13.6.4     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 140
    • 13.6.5     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 141
  • 13.7        NANOCELLULOSE IN BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE…………………………………………………….. 142
    • 13.7.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 142
    • 13.7.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 143
      • 13.7.2.1       Drug delivery…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 144
      • 13.7.2.2       Medical implants………………………………………………………………………………………………… 144
      • 13.7.2.3       Tissue engineering…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 145
      • 13.7.2.4       Wound dressings……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 145
      • 13.7.2.5       Lateral flow immunoassay labels…………………………………………………………………………… 145
    • 13.7.3     Global market for nanocellulose in medical & healthcare…………………………………………………….. 146
      • 13.7.3.1       Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis………………………………….. 146
    • 13.7.4     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 147
  • 13.8        NANOCELLULOSE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS………………………………………………………………….. 149
    • 13.8.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 149
    • 13.8.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 151
      • 13.8.2.1       Abrasion and scratch resistance……………………………………………………………………………. 151
      • 13.8.2.2       Wood coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152
      • 13.8.2.3       Anti-counterfeiting films……………………………………………………………………………………….. 152
      • 13.8.2.4       Gas barriers……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 152
    • 13.8.3     Global market for nanocellulose in paints and coatings……………………………………………………….. 152
      • 13.8.3.1       Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis………………………………….. 154
    • 13.8.4     Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 156
    • 13.8.5     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 157
  • 13.9        NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROGELS……………………………………………………………………………………. 159
    • 13.9.1     Market drivers and trends…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 159
    • 13.9.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 159
      • 13.9.2.1       Thermal insulation……………………………………………………………………………………………… 160
      • 13.9.2.2       Shape memory………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 160
    • 13.9.3     Global market for nanocellulose in aerogels……………………………………………………………………… 160
      • 13.9.3.1       Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, tons……………………………………………………. 160
    • 13.9.4     Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 161
  • 13.10      NANOCELLULOSE IN OIL AND GAS…………………………………………………………………………………. 163
    • 13.10.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………… 163
    • 13.10.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 164
      • 13.10.2.1     Oil and fracking drilling fluids………………………………………………………………………………… 165
      • 13.10.2.2     Water-based drilling fluids……………………………………………………………………………………. 165
      • 13.10.2.3     Extraction…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 166
    • 13.10.3        Global nanocellulose market in oil and gas…………………………………………………………………… 166
      • 13.10.3.1     Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas…………………………………………………… 167
      • 13.10.3.2     Global demand in tons in oil and gas……………………………………………………………………… 168
    • 13.10.4        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 169
    • 13.10.5        Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………….. 169
  • 13.11      NANOCELLULOSE IN FILTRATION…………………………………………………………………………………… 171
    • 13.11.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………… 171
    • 13.11.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 172
      • 13.11.2.1     CNF membranes and filters………………………………………………………………………………….. 173
      • 13.11.2.2     Water filtration…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 174
      • 13.11.2.3     Air filtration……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 175
      • 13.11.2.4     Virus filtration……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 176
    • 13.11.3        Global market for nanocellulose in filtration and separation……………………………………………… 176
      • 13.11.3.1     Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration and separation………………………………….. 177
      • 13.11.3.2     Global demand for nanocellulose in filtration, tons…………………………………………………….. 178
    • 13.11.4        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 179
    • 13.11.5        Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………….. 179
  • 13.12      NANOCELLULOSE IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS………………………………………………………………….. 181
    • 13.12.1        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 181
      • 13.12.1.1     Food……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 182
      • 13.12.1.2     Pharmaceuticals………………………………………………………………………………………………… 182
      • 13.12.1.3     Cosmetics………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 182
    • 13.12.2        Global market for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers…………………………………………………….. 182
    • 13.12.3        Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………….. 183
  • 13.13      NANOCELLULOSE IN PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS……………………. 184
    • 13.13.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………… 184
    • 13.13.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 185
      • 13.13.2.1     Wearable electronics………………………………………………………………………………………….. 186
      • 13.13.2.2     Nanopaper……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 188
      • 13.13.2.3     Paper memory…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190
      • 13.13.2.4     Conductive inks…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 190
    • 13.13.3        Global market size and opportunity…………………………………………………………………………….. 190
      • 13.13.3.1     Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed and flexible electronics…………………………. 190
    • 13.13.4        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 192
    • 13.13.5        Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………….. 193
  • 13.14      NANOCELLULOSE IN 3D PRINTING…………………………………………………………………………………. 195
    • 13.14.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………… 195
    • 13.14.2        Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 196
    • 13.14.3        Global market size and opportunity…………………………………………………………………………….. 196
      • 13.14.3.1     Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D printing…………………………………………………… 196
    • 13.14.4        Market challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 197
    • 13.14.5        Product developer profiles……………………………………………………………………………………….. 197

14 NANOCELLULOSE CURRENT AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………………………. 198

  • 14.1        Potential for high-volume consuming nanocellulose applications……………………………………………….. 198
    • 14.1.1     Polymer composite parts……………………………………………………………………………………………… 198
    • 14.1.2     Bioplastics………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 200
    • 14.1.3     Packaging films………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 201
    • 14.1.4     Aerogels…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 201
    • 14.1.5     Construction materials…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 202
      • 14.1.5.1       Cement……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 202
      • 14.1.5.2       Ultra-high-performance concrete…………………………………………………………………………… 202
    • 14.1.6     Paint and coatings additives…………………………………………………………………………………………. 203
    • 14.1.7     Hygiene and absorbent products……………………………………………………………………………………. 204
    • 14.1.8     Tyres……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 204
  • 14.2        Potential global nanocellulose demand by application…………………………………………………………….. 205

15 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES………………….. 206 (73 COMPANY PROFILES)

16 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCERS……………….. 304 (10 COMPANY PROFILES)

17 BACTERIAL CELLULOSE (BC) PRODUCERS……………………….. 321 (5 COMPANY PROFILES)

18 NANOCELLULOSE RESEARCH GROUPS AND CENTRES     325

19 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 338

 

Tables

  • Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications………………………………… 26
  • Table 2: Markets and applications for nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………. 28
  • Table 3: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018……………………………………… 31
  • Table 4: CNF producer capacities………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31
  • Table 5: MFC producer capacities 2019…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
  • Table 6: Cellulose nanocrystal producer capacities 2019…………………………………………………………………………… 33
  • Table 7: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application…………………………………………………….. 34
  • Table 8: Nanocellulose (CNF, MFC, NCC) production plants worldwide and production status…………………………… 37
  • Table 9: Market trends in nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
  • Table 10: Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………….. 39
  • Table 11: Global demand for nanocellulose 2018, tons……………………………………………………………………………… 45
  • Table 12: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons)…………………………………… 47
  • Table 13: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018, tons (total excludes MFC)……………………………………… 49
  • Table 14: Properties and applications of nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………… 58
  • Table 15: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials……………………………………. 60
  • Table 16: Types of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62
  • Table 17: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)………………………………………………………………………………… 64
  • Table 18: Production methods of main CNF producers……………………………………………………………………………… 65
  • Table 19: CNC sources and scale………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 68
  • Table 20: CNC properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 68
  • Table 21: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)………………………………………………………………………….. 70
  • Table 22: Applications of bacterial cellulose (BC)…………………………………………………………………………………….. 71
  • Table 23: Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………. 72
  • Table 24: Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………… 72
  • Table 25: Nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications……………………. 73
  • Table 26: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………….. 73
  • Table 27: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………….. 74
  • Table 28: Current and potential end users for nanocellulose, by market and company……………………………………… 76
  • Table 29: SWOT analysis of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
  • Table 30: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose……………………………………………………………………………………. 81
  • Table 31: Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis……………………………………………………………………… 86
  • Table 32: Product/price/application matrix of nanocellulose producers………………………………………………………….. 88
  • Table 33: Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 1997-2017………………………………………………………….. 91
  • Table 34: Nanocellulose patents and scientific articles by organisation…………………………………………………………. 92
  • Table 35: Main patent assignees for CNC………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
  • Table 36: Main patent assignees for CNF………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
  • Table 37: Main patent assignees for BCC………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
  • Table 38: Price comparison of nanocellulose applications versus entry price of other materials in composites……….. 94
  • Table 39. Main applications for carbon fibers, volumes, potential for nanocellulose to gain market share……………… 97
  • Table 40: Global demand for nanocellulose in 2018, tons………………………………………………………………………….. 98
  • Table 41: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in composites market…………………………………………. 99
  • Table 42: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials……………………………………………… 100
  • Table 43: Applications of nanocellulose in polymer composites by cellulose type…………………………………………… 101
  • Table 44: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the polymer composites market…………………………………………… 101
  • Table 45: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………………… 102
  • Table 46: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in aircraft and aerospace market…………………………. 104
  • Table 47: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in aircraft and aerospace……………………………………. 105
  • Table 48: Demand for nanocellulose in the aerospace and aviation market, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………….. 105
  • Table 49: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the aircraft and aerospace market………………………………. 106
  • Table 50: Companies developing nanocellulose products aircraft and aerospace, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 107
  • Table 51: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers……………………………………………. 109
  • Table 52: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in the automotive sector……………………………………… 112
  • Table 53: Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………. 113
  • Table 54: Applications and commercialization challenges for nanocellulose in the automotive market………………… 114
  • Table 55: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the automotive market……………………………………………… 115
  • Table 56: Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 115
  • Table 57: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in construction market………………………………………. 117
  • Table 58: Comparison of nanocellulose with steel and other materials………………………………………………………… 118
  • Table 59: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in the construction industry…………………………………. 119
  • Table 60: Market demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………………………… 119
  • Table 61: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the construction, building protection and architectural exterior coatings market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 121
  • Table 62: Nanocellulose in construction-Companies and products……………………………………………………………… 121
  • Table 63: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in the paper and board market……………………………. 122
  • Table 64: Examples of antimicrobial immobilization into cellulose nanofibers………………………………………………… 126
  • Table 65: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the paper and board markets……………………………………………… 126
  • Table 66: Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers……………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
  • Table 67: Application markets, competing materials, nanocellulose advantages and current market size in packaging……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
  • Table 68: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board……………………………………………. 131
  • Table 69: Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………… 132
  • Table 70: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the paper and board market……………………………………… 134
  • Table 71: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 134
  • Table 72: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in the textiles market………………………………………… 136
  • Table 73: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………. 138
  • Table 74: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in textiles………………………………………………………… 139
  • Table 75: Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………………………………………. 139
  • Table 76: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the textiles market………………………………………………….. 140
  • Table 77: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 141
  • Table 78: Market drivers, trends and Nanocellulose solutions in the medicine and healthcare market………………… 142
  • Table 79: Cellulose nanofiber applications timeline in the medicine and healthcare markets…………………………….. 143
  • Table 80: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare…………………………………… 146
  • Table 81: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………… 146
  • Table 82: Nanocellulose product developers in medical and healthcare applications………………………………………. 147
  • Table 83: Market drivers, trends and Nanocellulose solutions in the paints and coatings market……………………….. 149
  • Table 84: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the paints and coatings markets………………………………………….. 151
  • Table 85: Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings……………………………………………………….. 153
  • Table 86: Application markets, competing materials, nanocellulose advantages and current market size in coatings and films……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153
  • Table 87: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings………………………………………… 154
  • Table 88: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………………. 154
  • Table 89: Market challenges for Nanocellulose in coatings……………………………………………………………………….. 156
  • Table 90: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the coatings and films market……………………………………. 157
  • Table 91: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 157
  • Table 92: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in the aerogels market……………………………………… 159
  • Table 93: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the aerogels market………………………………………………………….. 159
  • Table 94: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………………………… 160
  • Table 95: Nanocellulose product developers in aerogels………………………………………………………………………….. 161
  • Table 96: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in the filtration market………………………………………. 163
  • Table 97: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the oil market………………………………………………………………….. 164
  • Table 98: Application markets, competing materials, nanocellulose advantages and current market size in oil and gas……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 166
  • Table 99: Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas…………………………………………………………………… 167
  • Table 100: Nanocellulose in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 167
  • Table 101: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………….. 168
  • Table 102: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the oil and gas exploration market…………………………….. 169
  • Table 103: Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration………………………………………………………. 169
  • Table 104: Market drivers, trends and nanocellulose solutions in the filtration market……………………………………… 171
  • Table 105: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the filtration market…………………………………………………………. 172
  • Table 106: Types of filtration……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 173
  • Table 107: CNF membranes……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 174
  • Table 108: Application markets, competing materials, Nanocellulose advantages and current market size in filtration. 176
  • Table 109: Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration…………………………………………………………………….. 177
  • Table 110: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in the filtration industry……………………………………… 177
  • Table 111: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………………. 178
  • Table 112: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the filtration market……………………………………………….. 179
  • Table 113: Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 179
  • Table 114: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the rheology modifiers market…………………………………………… 181
  • Table 115: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………… 182
  • Table 116: Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers……………………………………………………………. 183
  • Table 117: Market drivers, trends and Nanocellulose solutions in the printed and flexible electronics market……….. 184
  • Table 118: Cellulose nanofiber applications timeline in flexible electronics…………………………………………………… 186
  • Table 119: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)…………………………………………… 186
  • Table 120: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films………………………………………………………….. 189
  • Table 121: Application markets, competing materials, Nanocellulose advantages and current market size in electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190
  • Table 122: Market assessment for nanocellulose in the flexible and printed electronics sector………………………….. 191
  • Table 123: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in flexible electronics……………………………………….. 192
  • Table 124: Market challenges for use of Nanocellulose in printed and flexible electronics………………………………… 192
  • Table 125: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the printed and flexible electronics market………………….. 193
  • Table 126: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in paper electronics, applications targeted and stage of commercialization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 193
  • Table 127: Market drivers, trends and Nanocellulose solutions in the 3D printing market…………………………………. 195
  • Table 128: Applications of Nanocellulose in 3D printing……………………………………………………………………………. 196
  • Table 129: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose in 3D printing………………………………………………….. 196
  • Table 130: Market challenges rating for nanocellulose in the 3D printing market……………………………………………. 197
  • Table 131: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products………………………………………………………… 197
  • Table 132: Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 198
  • Table 133: Nanocellulose for composite parts. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration………………………… 198
  • Table 134: Nanocellulose for bioplastics. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration………………………… 200
  • Table 135. Nanocellulose for packaging films. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration………………………… 201
  • Table 136. Nanocellulose for aerogels. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration………………………… 201
  • Table 137. Nanocellulose for cement. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration………………………… 202
  • Table 138. Nanocellulose for ultra-high-performance concrete. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 202
  • Table 139. Nanocellulose for paint and coating additives. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration……………… 203
  • Table 140. Nanocellulose for Hygiene and absorbent products. Application, key benefits, competing materials, Nanocellulose working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for Nanocellulose penetration……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 204
  • Table 141. Application of nanocellulose in tires in automotive tyres…………………………………………………………….. 204
  • Table 142. Potential global nanocellulose demand by application………………………………………………………………. 205
  • Table 143: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced…………………………………………………… 206
  • Table 144: Target market, by nanocellulose producer……………………………………………………………………………… 208
  • Table 145: Oji Holdings CNF products…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 268
  • Table 146: CNC producers and production capacities……………………………………………………………………………… 304
  • Table 147: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer……………………………………………………………………. 305

 

Figures

  • Figure 1: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018…………………………………….. 31
  • Figure 2: CNF wet powder………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
  • Figure 3: Cellulose nanofiber transparent sheet………………………………………………………………………………………. 41
  • Figure 4: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)…………………………………………………………. 41
  • Figure 5: XCNF………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
  • Figure 6: Nanocellulose-based commercial products………………………………………………………………………………… 42
  • Figure 7: Demand for nanocellulose 2018, tons……………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
  • Figure 8: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons)…………………………………… 48
  • Figure 9: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018…………………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Figure 10: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
  • Figure 11: Scale of cellulose materials…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58
  • Figure 12: Types of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 62
  • Figure 13: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses……………………………………………………………….. 62
  • Figure 14: CNF gel……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64
  • Figure 15: TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
  • Figure 16: An iridescent biomimetic cellulose multilayer film remains after water that contains cellulose nanocrystals evaporates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 67
  • Figure 17: Extracting CNC from trees……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68
  • Figure 18: CNC slurry………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 69
  • Figure 19: Schematic of typical commercialization route for nanocellulose producer………………………………………… 75
  • Figure 20: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………. 85
  • Figure 21: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature…………. 90
  • Figure 22:  Nanocellulose patents by field of application……………………………………………………………………………. 91
  • Figure 23: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………….. 103
  • Figure 24: Demand for nanocellulose in the aerospace and aviation market, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………. 106
  • Figure 25: Nanomaterials-based automotive components………………………………………………………………………… 110
  • Figure 26: CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 111
  • Figure 27: The structure of the CNF-based front hood…………………………………………………………………………….. 111
  • Figure 28: CNF composite………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 112
  • Figure 29: Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………. 114
  • Figure 30: Nanowood with hierarchically aligned cellulose nanofibrils for insulation………………………………………… 119
  • Figure 31: Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………………………………. 120
  • Figure 32: Example process for producing NFC packaging film…………………………………………………………………. 125
  • Figure 33: Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………….. 133
  • Figure 34: CNF deodorant products…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137
  • Figure 35: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………. 138
  • Figure 36: Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………………………………… 140
  • Figure 37: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………. 147
  • Figure 38: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………………… 155
  • Figure 39: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………………………….. 161
  • Figure 40: Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery………………………… 164
  • Figure 41: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………… 168
  • Figure 42: Nanocellulose virus filter paper…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 176
  • Figure 43: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………….. 178
  • Figure 44: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………. 183
  • Figure 45: Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials………………………………………………………….. 186
  • Figure 46:  Cellulose nanofiber films……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 187
  • Figure 47: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper………………………………………………………………………………….. 188
  • Figure 48: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF…………………………………………………….. 188
  • Figure 49: Foldable nanopaper…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 189
  • Figure 50: Foldable nanopaper antenna……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 189
  • Figure 51: Paper memory (ReRAM)…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 190
  • Figure 52: 3D printed CNF in Paper Microfluidics devices………………………………………………………………………… 195
  • Figure 53. American Process, Inc. CNF production process……………………………………………………………………… 212
  • Figure 54: Ashai Kasei CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………………….. 215
  • Figure 55: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet………………………………………………………………………………………………. 216
  • Figure 56: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric……………………………………………………. 216
  • Figure 57: CNF nonwoven fabric………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 217
  • Figure 58. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process………………………………………………………………………… 220
  • Figure 59. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process………………………………………………………………………. 227
  • Figure 60. Daicel Corporation CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………. 229
  • Figure 61: Trunk lid incorporating CNF…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 230
  • Figure 62. Daio Paper CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………………… 232
  • Figure 63. CNF-reinforced PP compounds……………………………………………………………………………………………. 232
  • Figure 64. Kirekira! toilet wipes…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 233
  • Figure 65. DIC Products CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………………… 234
  • Figure 66. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………………… 236
  • Figure 67: Rheocrysta spray……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 236
  • Figure 68: CNF based on citrus peel……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 238
  • Figure 69. Imerys CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………………………… 239
  • Figure 70: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)……………………………………………………… 241
  • Figure 71: CNF products from Furukawa Electric……………………………………………………………………………………. 242
  • Figure 72: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 243
  • Figure 73: CNF gel………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 245
  • Figure 74: Block nanocellulose material……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 245
  • Figure 75: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu…………………………………………………………………………………… 246
  • Figure 76. Innventia CNF production process………………………………………………………………………………………… 247
  • Figure 77: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant……………………………………………………………………… 248
  • Figure 78: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins…………………………………………………………………….. 250
  • Figure 79: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)………………… 251
  • Figure 80. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process……………………………………………………………………. 253
  • Figure 81: CNF slurries…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 257
  • Figure 82: Nanocell serum product……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 258
  • Figure 83: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp………………………………………………………………………………….. 259
  • Figure 84: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic………………………………………………………………………………. 259
  • Figure 85. Nippon Paper CNF production process………………………………………………………………………………….. 261
  • Figure 86: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers…………………………………………………………………………………… 262
  • Figure 87: CNF wet powder………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 264
  • Figure 88: CNF transparent film………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 265
  • Figure 89: Transparent CNF sheets…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 265
  • Figure 90. Oji Paper CNF production process………………………………………………………………………………………… 266
  • Figure 91: CNF clear sheets………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 267
  • Figure 92: Fluorene cellulose ® powder……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 269
  • Figure 93. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process………………………………………………………………….. 270
  • Figure 94: XCNF…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 272
  • Figure 95: CNF insulation flat plates……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 274
  • Figure 96. Seiko PMC CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………………… 276
  • Figure 97: Rubber soles incorporating CNF…………………………………………………………………………………………… 278
  • Figure 98. Stora Enso CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………………… 279
  • Figure 99. Sugino Machine CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………….. 281
  • Figure 100: High Pressure Water Jet Process……………………………………………………………………………………….. 281
  • Figure 101: 2 wt.% CNF suspension…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 282
  • Figure 102. BiNFi-s Dry Powder…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 282
  • Figure 103. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet………………………………………………………….. 283
  • Figure 104: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material…………………………………………………………………….. 283
  • Figure 105: SVILOSA AD CNC products………………………………………………………………………………………………. 285
  • Figure 106: Silver / CNF composite dispersions……………………………………………………………………………………… 288
  • Figure 107: CNF/nanosilver powder…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 289
  • Figure 108: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF…………………………………………………………………… 290
  • Figure 109: CNF resin products………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 291
  • Figure 110. University of Maine CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………. 292
  • Figure 111. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process……………………………………………………………………………… 294
  • Figure 112. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process……………………………………………….. 295
  • Figure 113: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF………………………………………………………………………… 296
  • Figure 114. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches……………………………………………………………………………….. 297
  • Figure 115. VTT CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 298
  • Figure 116: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test………………………….. 299
  • Figure 117: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film……………………………………. 300
  • Figure 118. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process………………………………………………………………….. 302
  • Figure 119: R3TM process technology…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 306
  • Figure 120: Blue Goose CNC Production Process………………………………………………………………………………….. 307
  • Figure 121: NCCTM Process…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 308
  • Figure 123: Celluforce production process……………………………………………………………………………………………. 309
  • Figure 122: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:………………………………………………………………. 310
  • Figure 124: Plantrose process……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 316
  • Figure 125. CNC solution………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 319
  • Figure 126: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet…………………………………………………………………………………….. 323
  • Figure 127: Fibnano………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 324

 

The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
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The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
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The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2030
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