The Global Market for Natural Fibers 2020-2030

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Published February 4 2021, 251 pages, 55 tables, 101 figures

There are global concerns regarding the use of non-renewable materials in manufacturing, and increasing environmental legislation. There is pressure, both consumer and regulatory, for products that are more environmentally friendly and reduce dependence on fossil fuels. As a result, the use of natural fibers in products and composites will continue to grow as major contributors towards a biobased economy. 

Fibers derived from bio-based sources such as plant-based (ligno) cellulosics and animal-based protein are termed natural fibers. This includes natural cellulosic fibers such as cotton, jute, sisal, coir, flax, hemp, abaca, ramie, etc.) and protein-based fibers such as wool and silk. 

They possess advantages over synthetic fibres including widespread availability, low cost, low density, acceptable modulus-weight ratio, high acoustic damping, low manufacturing energy consumption, low carbon footprint and biodegradability. 

Report contents include: 

  • Market drivers for natural fibers.
  • Market trends.
  • Global revenues for natural fibers 2020-2030, by fiber types, market and region.
  • Technology challenges.
  • Covid-19 market impact. 
  • Analysis of types of natural fibers including plant fibers, animal fibers including alternative leather, wool, silk fiber and down and polysaccharides. 
  • Markets for natural fibers, including composites, aerospace, automotive, construction & building, sports & leisure, textiles, consumer products and packaging.
  • Profiles of  143 natural fiber companies. Companies profiled include Ananas Anam, BASF, Bast Fiber Technologies Inc., Kelheim Fibres GmbH, BComp, Circular Systems, Evrnu, Natural Fiber Welding, Icytos and many more. 

 

Table of contents (.pdf)

1              AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY     20

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         21

 

3              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   22

  • 3.1          What are natural fibers?               22
  • 3.2          Benefits of natural fibers over synthetic 25
  • 3.3          Markets and applications for natural fibers           26
  • 3.4          Market drivers for natural fibers                28
  • 3.5          Challenges          29
  • 3.6          Covid-19 impact                30

 

4              NATURAL FIBER TYPES    31

  • 4.1          Manufacturing method, matrix materials and applications of natural fibers            32
  • 4.2          Advantages of natural fibers       33
  • 4.3          Plants (cellulose, lignocellulose) 34
    • 4.3.1      Seed fibers         34
      • 4.3.1.1   Cotton  34
      • 4.3.1.2   Kapok   35
      • 4.3.1.3   Luffa      36
    • 4.3.2      Bast fibers           38
      • 4.3.2.1   Jute       38
      • 4.3.2.2   Hemp    40
      • 4.3.2.3   Flax        41
      • 4.3.2.4   Ramie   43
      • 4.3.2.5   Kenaf    44
    • 4.3.3      Leaf fibers           46
      • 4.3.3.1   Sisal       46
      • 4.3.3.2   Abaca    47
    • 4.3.4      Fruit fibers          49
      • 4.3.4.1   Coir        49
      • 4.3.4.2   Banana 50
      • 4.3.4.3   Pineapple            52
    • 4.3.5      Stalk fibers from agricultural residues     53
      • 4.3.5.1   Rice fiber             53
      • 4.3.5.2   Corn      53
    • 4.3.6      Cane, grasses and reed  54
      • 4.3.6.1   Switch grass       54
      • 4.3.6.2   Sugarcane (agricultural residues)              55
      • 4.3.6.3   Bamboo               56
      • 4.3.6.4   Fresh grass (green biorefinery)  57
    • 4.3.7      Modified natural polymers          57
      • 4.3.7.1   Mycelium            57
      • 4.3.7.2   Chitosan              60
      • 4.3.7.3   Alginate               60
  • 4.4          Animal (fibrous protein) 62
    • 4.4.1      Wool     62
      • 4.4.1.1   Alternative wool materials           63
    • 4.4.2      Silk fiber              63
      • 4.4.2.1   Alternative silk materials               64
    • 4.4.3      Leather 64
      • 4.4.3.1   Alternative leather materials       65
    • 4.4.4      Down    66
      • 4.4.4.1   Alternative down materials          66
  • 4.5          Polysaccharides 67
    • 4.5.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 67
      • 4.5.1.1   Market analysis 67
      • 4.5.1.2   Producers           68
    • 4.5.2      Cellulose nanocrystals    68
      • 4.5.2.1   Market analysis 68
      • 4.5.2.2   Producers           70
    • 4.5.3      Cellulose nanofibers       70
      • 4.5.3.1   Market analysis 70
      • 4.5.3.2   Producers           72

 

5              MARKETS FOR NATURAL FIBERS 73

  • 5.1          Composites        73
    • 5.1.1      Applications       73
    • 5.1.2      Natural fiber injection moulding compounds       75
      • 5.1.2.1   Properties           75
      • 5.1.2.2   Applications       75
    • 5.1.3      Non-woven natural fiber mat composites              76
      • 5.1.3.1   Automotive        76
      • 5.1.3.2   Applications       76
    • 5.1.4      Aligned natural fiber-reinforced composites        77
    • 5.1.5      Natural fiber biobased polymer compounds         77
    • 5.1.6      Natural fiber biobased polymer non-woven mats              78
      • 5.1.6.1   Flax        78
      • 5.1.6.2   Kenaf    78
    • 5.1.7      Natural fiber thermoset bioresin composites       79
  • 5.2          Aerospace          79
    • 5.2.1      Market overview             79
  • 5.3          Automotive        80
    • 5.3.1      Market overview             80
    • 5.3.2      Applications of natural fibers      84
  • 5.4          Building/construction     85
    • 5.4.1      Market overview             85
    • 5.4.2      Applications of natural fibers      85
  • 5.5          Sports and leisure            86
    • 5.5.1      Market overview             86
  • 5.6          Textiles 87
    • 5.6.1      Market overview             87
    • 5.6.2      Consumer apparel           88
    • 5.6.3      Geotextiles        89
  • 5.7          Packaging            89
    • 5.7.1      Market overview             90

 

6              GLOBAL NATURAL FIBERS MARKET           92

  • 6.1          Overall global fibers market        92
  • 6.2          Plant-based fiber production      94
  • 6.3          Animal-based natural fiber production   95

 

7              NATURAL FIBER PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPER PROFILES            96 (143 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

8              REFERENCES       251

 

TABLES

  • Table 1. Types of natural fibers. 22
  • Table 2. Markets and applications for natural fibers.         26
  • Table 3. Market drivers for natural fibers.             28
  • Table 4. Application, manufacturing method, and matrix materials of natural fibers.          32
  • Table 5. Typical properties of natural fibers.         33
  • Table 6. Overview of cotton fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.   34
  • Table 7. Overview of kapok fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.    35
  • Table 8. Overview of luffa fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.       36
  • Table 9. Overview of jute fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.        38
  • Table 10. Overview of hemp fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.  40
  • Table 11. Overview of flax fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.      41
  • Table 12. Overview of ramie fibers- description, properties, drawbacks and applications. 43
  • Table 13. Overview of kenaf fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.  44
  • Table 14. Overview of sisal fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.     46
  • Table 15. Overview of abaca fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.  47
  • Table 16. Overview of coir fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.      49
  • Table 17. Overview of banana fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.               50
  • Table 18. Overview of pineapple fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.         52
  • Table 19. Overview of rice fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.      53
  • Table 20. Overview of corn fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.    53
  • Table 21. Overview of switch grass fibers-description, properties and applications.             54
  • Table 22. Overview of sugarcane fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and application and market size.           55
  • Table 23. Overview of bamboo fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.             56
  • Table 24. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.          59
  • Table 25. Overview of chitosan fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.            60
  • Table 26. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size.          60
  • Table 27. Overview of wool fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.   62
  • Table 28. Alternative wool materials producers. 63
  • Table 29. Overview of silk fibers-description, properties, application and market size.       63
  • Table 30. Alternative silk materials producers.    64
  • Table 31. Alternative leather materials producers.            65
  • Table 32. Alternative down materials producers. 66
  • Table 33. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis.            67
  • Table 34. Leading MFC producers and capacities.               68
  • Table 35. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis.               68
  • Table 36. Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.          70
  • Table 37. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis.   70
  • Table 38. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.             72
  • Table 39. Applications of natural fiber composites.           73
  • Table 40. Typical properties of short natural fiber-thermoplastic composites.       75
  • Table 41. Properties of non-woven natural fiber mat composites.               76
  • Table 42. Properties of aligned natural fiber composites. 77
  • Table 43. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer compounds.       78
  • Table 44. Properties of natural fiber-bio-based polymer non-woven mats.             78
  • Table 45. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use.   79
  • Table 46. Natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite in the automotive market. 81
  • Table 47. Natural fibers in the aerospace sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use.  82
  • Table 48. Applications of natural fibers in the automotive industry.           84
  • Table 49. Natural fibers in the building/construction sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use.                85
  • Table 50. Applications of natural fibers in the building/construction sector.           85
  • Table 51. Natural fibers in the sports and leisure sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use.    86
  • Table 52. Natural fibers in the textiles sector- market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use.        87
  • Table 53. Natural fibers in the packaging sector-market drivers, applications and challenges for NF use.    90
  • Table 54. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.         159
  • Table 55. Oji Holdings CNF products.       205

 

FIGURES

  • Figure 1. Types of natural fibers.               31
  • Figure 2. Cotton production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT).       35
  • Figure 3. Kapok production volume 2018-2030 (MT).       36
  • Figure 4.  Luffa cylindrica fiber.  37
  • Figure 5. Jute production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT).             39
  • Figure 6. Hemp fiber production volume 2018-2030 (Million MT).              41
  • Figure 7. Flax fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT). 43
  • Figure 8. Ramie fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT).             44
  • Figure 9. Kenaf fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT).              45
  • Figure 10. Sisal fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT).              47
  • Figure 11. Abaca fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT).          48
  • Figure 12. Coir fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT).            50
  • Figure 13. Banana fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MT).        51
  • Figure 14. Pineapple fiber.           53
  • Figure 15. Bamboo fiber production volume 2018-2030 (MILLION MT).    57
  • Figure 16. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam.     58
  • Figure 17. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials.          59
  • Figure 18. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix.           61
  • Figure 19. Hemp fibers combined with PP in car door panel.         79
  • Figure 20. Car door produced from Hemp fiber.  80
  • Figure 21. Mercedes-Benz components containing natural fibers.               81
  • Figure 22. AlgiKicks sneaker, made with the Algiknit biopolymer gel.         88
  • Figure 23. Coir mats for erosion control. 89
  • Figure 24. Global fiber production in 2019, by fiber type, million MT and %.           92
  • Figure 25. Global fiber production (million MT) to 2020-2030.       93
  • Figure 26. Plant-based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, MT.     95
  • Figure 27. Animal based fiber production 2018-2030, by fiber type, million MT.    95
  • Figure 28. Pluumo.          98
  • Figure 29. Algiknit yarn. 101
  • Figure 30. Amadou leather shoes.            102
  • Figure 31. Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  105
  • Figure 32. MEDICELLU™.               105
  • Figure 33. Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 107
  • Figure 34. Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              107
  • Figure 35. CNF nonwoven fabric.               108
  • Figure 36. Roof frame made of natural fiber.        111
  • Figure 37. Beyond Leather Materials product.     114
  • Figure 38. Natural fibres racing seat.        119
  • Figure 39. Cellugy materials.        125
  • Figure 40. nanoforest-S. 129
  • Figure 41. nanoforest-PDP.         129
  • Figure 42. nanoforest-MB.           129
  • Figure 37. CuanSave film.             133
  • Figure 43. Celish.              134
  • Figure 44. Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   135
  • Figure 45. ELLEX products.           137
  • Figure 46. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            137
  • Figure 47. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 138
  • Figure 48. Color CNF.      139
  • Figure 49. Rheocrysta spray.       143
  • Figure 50. DKS CNF products.      143
  • Figure 51. Mushroom leather.    147
  • Figure 52. CNF based on citrus peel.        148
  • Figure 53. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.       148
  • Figure 54. Filler Bank CNC products.         152
  • Figure 55. Fibers on kapok tree and after processing.       153
  • Figure 56. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  155
  • Figure 57. CNF products from Furukawa Electric. 156
  • Figure 58. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                161
  • Figure 59. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer). 162
  • Figure 60. CNF gel.           164
  • Figure 61. Block nanocellulose material. 164
  • Figure 62. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.              165
  • Figure 63. Marine leather products.         166
  • Figure 64. Dual Graft System.     169
  • Figure 65. Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.           170
  • Figure 66. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).           171
  • Figure 67. Kami Shoji CNF products.         172
  • Figure 68. 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).       174
  • Figure 69. BioFlex process.           180
  • Figure 70. Chitin nanofiber product.        183
  • Figure 71. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.              185
  • Figure 72. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder.  186
  • Figure 73. Cellulomix production process.             187
  • Figure 74. Nanobase versus conventional products.          188
  • Figure 75. MOGU-Wave panels. 190
  • Figure 76. CNF slurries.  191
  • Figure 77. Range of CNF products.            192
  • Figure 78. Reishi.              194
  • Figure 79. Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.             200
  • Figure 80. Leather made from leaves.     201
  • Figure 81. Nike shoe with beLEAF™.        202
  • Figure 82. CNF clear sheets.        205
  • Figure 83. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.          207
  • Figure 84. XCNF.               212
  • Figure 85. CNF insulation flat plates.        215
  • Figure 86. Manufacturing process for STARCEL.   218
  • Figure 87. Lyocell process.           220
  • Figure 88. North Face Spiber Moon Parka.             223
  • Figure 89. Spider silk production.              224
  • Figure 90. 2 wt.% CNF suspension.          227
  • Figure 91. BiNFi-s Dry Powder.   228
  • Figure 92. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.             228
  • Figure 93. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.         229
  • Figure 94. Sulapac cosmetics containers.               231
  • Figure 95. Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.        235
  • Figure 96. CNF resin products.    238
  • Figure 97. Vegea production process.     240
  • Figure 98. HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.       243
  • Figure 99. Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.           244
  • Figure 100. Worn Again products.             247
  • Figure 101. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       249

 

 

The Global Market for Natural Fibers 2020-2030
The Global Market for Natural Fibers 2020-2030
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The Global Market for Natural Fibers 2020-2030
The Global Market for Natural Fibers 2020-2030
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The Global Market for Natural Fibers 2020-2030
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