The Global Market for Bioplastics

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Published June 20 2020, 175 pages, 47 tables, 33 figures

At present, the majority of plastics are derived from petrochemicals. Most plastic packaging is used only once (single use items) and 95% of the value of the material is thus lost, with a global economic cost of US$80-$120 billion annually.

Bioplastics are biobased products that allow for greater product sustainability due to their biodegradability and renewability. Their use is attractive as bioplastics that biodegrade to CO2 and H2O mitigate the negative effects of standard plastic (litter and damage to aqua environments). Renewable feedstocks such as corn, sugarcane, and algae can be utilized instead of petroleum, thereby reducing global dependence on crude oil and lessening the impact on climate.

Despite growing global environmental awareness, bioplastics currently account for only around 1 percent of the >360 million tons of plastics produced annually, but with annual growth of 20-30%. Due to the development of advanced biopolymers and materials, reduced costs, regulations and increased consumer awareness demand is rising.

This report covers:

  • Analysis of non-biodegradable bio-based plastics and biodegradable plastics.
  • Global production capacities, market demand and trends 2019-2025
  • Analysis of synthetic biopolymers market including Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA), Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET), Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT), Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF), Polyamides (Bio-PA), Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT), Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), Polysaccharides, Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose nanofibers,  Protein-based bioplastics, Algal and fungal. 
  • Market segmentation analysis for bioplastics. 
  • More than 180 companies profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include major producers such as NatureWorks, Total Corbion, Danimer Scientific, Novamont, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Indorama, Braskem, Avantium, Borealis, Cathay, Dupont, BASF, Arkema, DuPont, BASF and many more. Profiles include products and production capacities. 
  • Profiles of start-up producers and product developers including AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Spiber and many more. 

 

Download Table of contents (PDF)

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   13

  • 1.1          Global production to 2025            15
  • 1.2          Main producers and global production capacities               16
    • 1.2.1      Producers           16
    • 1.2.2      By bioplastic type            17
    • 1.2.3      By region             18
  • 1.3          Global demand for bioplastics in 2019, by market              20
  • 1.4          Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand        23
  • 1.5          Challenges for the bioplastics market      23

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         25

 

3              THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET 26

  • 3.1          Global production            26
  • 3.2          The importance of plastic              26
  • 3.3          Issues with plastics use  27

 

4              INTRODUCTION 28

  • 4.1          Bio-based or renewable plastics 28
    • 4.1.1      Drop-in bio-based plastics            28
    • 4.1.2      Novel bio-based plastics                29
  • 4.2          Biodegradable and compostable plastics                30
    • 4.2.1      Biodegradability               30
    • 4.2.2      Compostability  31
  • 4.3          Advantages and disadvantages  31

 

5              BIO-BASED POLYMER TYPES AND MARKET PROSPECTS    33

  • 5.1          SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS            35
    • 5.1.1      Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA) 35
      • 5.1.1.1   Market analysis 35
      • 5.1.1.2   Producers           37
    • 5.1.2      Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)     39
      • 5.1.2.1   Market analysis 39
      • 5.1.2.2   Producers           39
    • 5.1.3      Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)             41
      • 5.1.3.1   Market analysis 41
      • 5.1.3.2   Producers           41
    • 5.1.4      Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)             42
      • 5.1.4.1   Market analysis 42
      • 5.1.4.2   Comparative properties to PET   43
      • 5.1.4.3   Producers           43
    • 5.1.5      Polyamides (Bio-PA)       45
      • 5.1.5.1   Market analysis 45
      • 5.1.5.2   Producers           46
    • 5.1.6      Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)        47
      • 5.1.6.1   Market analysis 47
      • 5.1.6.2   Producers           47
    • 5.1.7      Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers     49
      • 5.1.7.1   Market analysis 49
      • 5.1.7.2   Producers           49
    • 5.1.8      Polyethylene (Bio-PE)    50
      • 5.1.8.1   Market analysis 50
      • 5.1.8.2   Producers           50
    • 5.1.9      Polypropylene (Bio-PP) 51
      • 5.1.9.1   Market analysis 51
      • 5.1.9.2   Producers           51
  • 5.2          NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS               52
    • 5.2.1      Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)     52
      • 5.2.1.1   Market analysis 52
      • 5.2.1.2   Commercially available PHAs      53
      • 5.2.1.3   Producers           54
    • 5.2.2      Polysaccharides 55
      • 5.2.2.1   Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 55
      • 5.2.2.2   Cellulose nanocrystals    56
      • 5.2.2.3   Cellulose nanofibers       58
    • 5.2.3      Protein-based bioplastics             61
      • 5.2.3.1   Types, applications and producers            61
    • 5.2.4      Algal and fungal 63
      • 5.2.4.1   Types, applications and producers            63

 

6              PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS BY REGION            64

  • 6.1          North America   65
  • 6.2          Europe 65
  • 6.3          Asia-Pacific         66
  • 6.4          Latin America    67

 

7              MARKET SEGMENTATION OF BIOPLASTICS           68

  • 7.1          Packaging            69
  • 7.2          Consumer products        70
  • 7.3          Automotive        71
  • 7.4          Building & construction 71
  • 7.5          Textiles 72
  • 7.6          Electronics          73
  • 7.7          Agriculture and horticulture        74

 

8              COMPANY PROFILES       76 (146 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

9              REFERENCES       174

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Market drivers and trends for bioplastics.             14
  • Table 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2025, in 1,000 tons.       15
  • Table 3. Global production capacities, by producers.        16
  • Table 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by type, in 1,000 tons. 17
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by region, tons.              18
  • Table 6. Issues related to the use of plastics.        27
  • Table 7. Type of biodegradation.               31
  • Table 8. Advantages and disadvantages of bioplastics compared to conventional plastics. 31
  • Table 9. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications. 33
  • Table 10. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types.             34
  • Table 11. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis.    35
  • Table 12. Lactic acid producers and production capacities.             37
  • Table 13. PLA producers and production capacities.          37
  • Table 14. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis.            39
  • Table 15. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers.              39
  • Table 16. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis. 41
  • Table 17. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers.   41
  • Table 18. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis. 42
  • Table 19. PED vs. PET.     43
  • Table 20. FDCA and PEF producers.          43
  • Table 21. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis.              45
  • Table 22. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities.            46
  • Table 23. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis.            47
  • Table 24. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands.      47
  • Table 25. Bio-PBS market analysis.            49
  • Table 26. Leading PBS producers and production capacities.          49
  • Table 27. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis.           50
  • Table 28. Leading Bio-PE producers.        50
  • Table 29. Bio-PP market analysis.              51
  • Table 30. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities.           51
  • Table 31. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis. 52
  • Table 32. Commercially available PHAs.  53
  • Table 33. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers.           54
  • Table 34. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis.            55
  • Table 35. Leading MFC producers and capacities.               56
  • Table 36. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis.               56
  • Table 37: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.          58
  • Table 38. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis.   58
  • Table 39. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.             60
  • Table 40. Types of protein based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             61
  • Table 41. Types of algal and fungal based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             63
  • Table 42. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2025, by region, tons.            64
  • Table 43. Bioplastics producers in North America.              65
  • Table 44. Bioplastics producers in Europe.            65
  • Table 45. Bioplastics producers in Asia-Pacific.    66
  • Table 46. Bioplastics producers in Latin America.                67
  • Table 47. Lactips plastic pellets. 133

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Total global production capacities for bioplastics, all types, 000 tons.     14
  • Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2025, in 1,000 tons.     15
  • Figure 3. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019, by type.       18
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2019.              19
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2025.              19
  • Figure 6. Current and future applications of bioplastics.  20
  • Figure 7. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market, 2019.             21
  • Figure 8. Global production capacities for bioplastics by end user market 2019-2025, tons.             22
  • Figure 9. Challenges for the bioplastics market.  23
  • Figure 10. Global plastics production 1950-2018, millions of tons.              26
  • Figure 11.  Coca-Cola PlantBottle®.           29
  • Figure 12. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics.              30
  • Figure 13. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025.               44
  • Figure 14. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2019.           64
  • Figure 15. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2025.           65
  • Figure 16. Global production capacities for bioplastics by end user market 2019, tons.      68
  • Figure 17. Global production capacities for bioplastics by end user market 2025, in 1,000 tons.     69
  • Figure 18. PHA bioplastics products.        69
  • Figure 19. Global production capacities for bioplastics in packaging 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.       70
  • Figure 20. Global production capacities for bioplastics in consumer products 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.     71
  • Figure 21. Global production capacities for bioplastics automotive 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.         71
  • Figure 22. Global production capacities for bioplastics in building and construction 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.        72
  • Figure 23. Global production capacities for bioplastics in textiles 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.             73
  • Figure 24. Global production capacities for bioplastics in electronics 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.     74
  • Figure 25. Biodegradable mulch films.     74
  • Figure 26. Global production capacities for bioplastics in agriculture 2019-2025, in 1,000 tons.      75
  • Figure 27. Bio-PA rear bumper stay.         87
  • Figure 28. PHA production process.         117
  • Figure 29. IPA synthesis method.              140
  • Figure 30. Compostable water pod.         146
  • Figure 31.  Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing. 160
  • Figure 32. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles.               164
  • Figure 33. Corbion FDCA production process.      169

 

 

 

The Global Market for Bioplastics
The Global Market for Bioplastics
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The Global Market for Bioplastics
The Global Market for Bioplastics
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