The Global Market for Bioplastics

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Published April 9 2020, 210 pages, 18 tables, 14 figures

At present, the majority of plastics are derived from petrochemicals. Most plastic packaging is used only once (single use items) and 95% of the value of the material is thus lost, with a global economic cost of US$80-$120 billion annually. Bioplastics are biobased products that allow for greater product sustainability due to their biodegradability and renewability. Their use is attractive as bioplastics that biodegrade to CO2 and H2O mitigate the negative effects of standard plastic (litter and damage to aqua environments). Renewable feedstocks such as corn, sugarcane, and algae can be utilized instead of petroleum, thereby reducing global dependence on crude oil and lessening the impact on climate.

Despite growing global environmental awareness, bioplastics currently account for only around 1 percent of the >360 million tons of plastics produced annually, but with annual growth of 20-30%. Due to the development of advanced biopolymers and materials, reduced costs, regulations and increased consumer awareness demand is rising with production expected to increase by 0.7 million-1 million tons by 2030.

This report covers:

  • Analysis of non-biodegradable bio-based plastics and biodegradable plastics.
  • Global production capacities, market demand and trends 2018-2030. 
  • Analysis of platform chemicals for bioplastics including Adipic acid (AA), Epichlorohydrin (ECH), Ethylene, Furan derivatives, mono-ethylene glycol (MEG), Monopropylene glycol (MPG), Succinic acid (SA) etc. 
  • Analysis of synthetic biopolymers market including Polylactic acid (PLA), Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Polyethylene furanoate (PEF), Polyamides (PA) etc. 
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including polysaccharides, cellulose/starch, proteins and bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates. 
  • Market segmentation analysis for bioplastics. 
  • More than 180 companies profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include Aquafil, Arkema, BASF, Celanese Corp, Dow, Neste, Novamont, Plantic Technologies Limited, Radical Plastics, Genecis Bioindustries, Stora Enso and many more. 

 

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1       EXECUTIVE SUMMARY....................................... 12

  • 1.1    Global production to 2030..........................................................13
  • 1.2    Bio-based, non-biodegradable plastics demand........................15
  • 1.3    Biodegradable plastics demand.................................................16
  • 1.4    Main producers and global production capacities....................18
    • 1.4.1      Producers......................................................................18
    • 1.4.2      By bioplastic type........................................................19
    • 1.4.3      By region.................................................................... 20
  • 1.5    Global demand for bioplastics in 2019, by market.................. 22
  • 1.6    Global measures driving demand for bioplastics......................24
    • 1.6.1      Regulations.................................................................. 24
    • 1.6.2      Consumer demand......................................................25
  • 1.7    Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand.......26
  • 1.8    Recent innovations and developments......................................27
  • 1.9    Challenges for the bioplastics market.......................................28

 

2       GLOSSARY......................................................30

 

3       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY......................... 35

 

4       THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET............... 36

  • 4.1    Global production 2018-2030........................................36
  • 4.2    The importance of plastic..............................................37
  • 4.3    Issues with plastics use.................................................38

 

5       INTRODUCTION.....................................39

  • 5.1    Bio-based plastics................................................... 39
  • 5.2    Biodegradable plastics..........................................40
  • 5.3    Degradability, Biodegradability & Compostability....41
  • 5.3.1.1        Degradability...............................................41
  • 5.3.1.2        Biodegradability..........................................41
  • 5.3.1.3        Compostability......................................... 42

 

6       PLATFORM CHEMICALS FOR BIOPLASTICS.........43

  • 6.1    Types........................................................................43
  • 6.2    Producers...............................................................46

 

7       BIO-BASED POLYMER TYPES AND MARKET PROSPECTS...........48

  • 7.1    SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS......................48
    • 7.1.1      Polylactic acid (PLA).................................. 49
      • 7.1.1.1        Production.................................. 49
      • 7.1.1.2        Applications...............................50
      • 7.1.1.3        Producers.................................. 51
    • 7.1.2      Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)...........51
      • 7.1.2.1        Production......................51
      • 7.1.2.2        Producers........................ 52
    • 7.1.3      Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT).................53
      • 7.1.3.1        Production....................................... 53
      • 7.1.3.2        Producers......................................53
    • 7.1.4      Polyethylene furanoate (PEF)....................... 54
      • 7.1.4.1        Production..................................... 54
      • 7.1.4.2        Producers...................................... 54
    • 7.1.5      Casein polymers..........................................56
      • 7.1.5.1        Production.................................. 56
      • 7.1.5.2        Producers................................... 57
    • 7.1.6      Cellulose acetate (CA)............................. 58
      • 7.1.6.1        Production.............................. 58
      • 7.1.6.2        Producers............................. 58
    • 7.1.7      Epoxy resins.........................................59
      • 7.1.7.1        Production........................... 59
      • 7.1.7.2        Producers............................. 60
    • 7.1.8      Ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber (EPDM)............... 61
      • 7.1.8.1        Production............................................................ 61
      • 7.1.8.2        Producers......................................................... 62
    • 7.1.9      Polyamides (PA)...............................................................63
      • 7.1.9.1        Production........................................................63
      • 7.1.9.2        Producers........................................................ 64
    • 7.1.10    Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT).............. 65
      • 7.1.10.1      Production............................................................ 65
      • 7.1.10.2      Producers........................................................... 66
    • 7.1.11    Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers..................... 66
      • 7.1.11.1      Production.............................................................66
      • 7.1.11.2      Producers.........................................................67
    • 7.1.12    Polyethylene (PE)..........................................................67
      • 7.1.12.1      Production....................................................... 68
      • 7.1.12.2      Producers.....................................................68
    • 7.1.13    Polypropylene (PP).................................................. 71
      • 7.1.13.1      Production............................................... 72
      • 7.1.13.2      Producers................................................. 72
    • 7.1.14    Polyurethanes (PUR).......................................... 73
      • 7.1.14.1      Production.............................................. 73
      • 7.1.14.2      Producers............................................... 73
  • 7.2    NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS............................... 74
    • 7.2.1      Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)............................. 75
      • 7.2.1.1        Applications............................................ 75
      • 7.2.1.2        Producers................................................ 75
    • 7.2.2      Polysaccharides................................................... 75
      • 7.2.2.1        Cellulose............................................... 76
      • 7.2.2.2        MFC....................................................... 76
      • 7.2.2.3        Cellulose nanocrystals.......................... 77
      • 7.2.2.4        Cellulose nanofibers.............................. 78
  • 7.3    Proteins............................................................................79

 

8       PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS BY REGION........ 79

  • 8.1    North America..............................................80
  • 8.2    Europe..........................................................80
  • 8.3    Asia-Pacific................................................... 81
  • 8.4    Rest of the world..........................................81

 

9       MARKET SEGMENTATION OF BIOPLASTICS......... 81

  • 9.1    Packaging................................................................................... 83
    • 9.1.1      Rigid packaging...........................................................83
    • 9.1.2      Flexible packaging.....................................................84
  • 9.2    Consumer products............................................................... 85
  • 9.3    Automotive and transportation............................................ 85
  • 9.4    Building & construction......................................................86
  • 9.5    Textiles................................................................................ 86
  • 9.6    Other markets.................................................................... 87

 

10     COMPANY PROFILES................................................................................... 87

 

11     REFERENCES..........................................................................................193

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Global production volumes for bioplastics, by type, 2018-2030....................................................... 15
  • Table 2. Global production capacities, by producers...................................................................................... 18
  • Table 3. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market 2019................................................................. 23
  • Table 4. Regulations on bioplastics................................................................................................................. 24
  • Table 5. Recent innovations and developments in bioplastics....................................................................... 27
  • Table 6. Issues related to the use of plastics.................................................................................................. 38
  • Table 7. Platform chemicals for bioplastics..................................................................................................... 43
  • Table 8. Producers of platform chemicals for bioplastics............................................................................... 46
  • Table 9. Applications of polylactic acid (PLA)................................................................................................. 50
  • Table 10. Bio-based Polylactic acid producers............................................................................................... 51
  • Table 11. Production of polyethylene teraphthalate (PET)............................................................................. 52
  • Table 12. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate producers........................................................................... 52
  • Table 13. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers....................................................................................... 75
  • Table 14. Bioplastics producers in North America.......................................................................................... 80
  • Table 15. Bioplastics producers in Europe...................................................................................................... 80
  • Table 16. Bioplastics producers in Asia-Pacific.............................................................................................. 81
  • Table 17. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market 2019............................................................... 82
  • Table 18. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market 2030............................................................... 83

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Global production volumes for bioplastics, by type, 2018-2030...................................................... 14
  • Figure 2. Demand for bio-based, non-biodegrdable plastics, 2018-2030...................................................... 16
  • Figure 3. Demand for biodegradable plastics, 2018-2030.............................................................................. 17
  • Figure 4. Demand for biodegradable plastics, by type.................................................................................... 17
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019, by type........................................................... 19
  • Figure 6. Breakdown of bio-based plastic by type, %..................................................................................... 20
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019, by region........................................................ 20
  • Figure 8. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market 2019................................................................ 22
  • Figure 9. Global plastics production 2018-2030, millions of tons................................................................... 36
  • Figure 10.  Coca-Cola PlantBottle®................................................................................................................ 39
  • Figure 11. Global production capacities 2019, by region................................................................................ 79
  • Figure 12. Global production capacities 2030, by region................................................................................ 79
  • Figure 13. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market 2019.............................................................. 81
  • Figure 14. Global demand for bioplastics by end user market 2030.............................................................. 82

 

The Global Market for Bioplastics 2020-2030
The Global Market for Bioplastics 2020-2030
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The Global Market for Bioplastics 2020-2030
The Global Market for Bioplastics 2020-2030
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