The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)

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By treating cellulose with concentrated acids known as acid hydrolysis, the amorphous regions can be broken up, thereby producing nano-sized cellulose-based crystals called nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) or cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).

Cellulose nanocrystals are elongated, rigid and rod-like or whisker-shaped particles with a rectangular cross-section. These materials can be prepared from any cellulose source materials including wood pulp, recycled paper and paperboard, cotton fibres, hemp, flax, bamboo, sugarcane bagasse and other agro-biomass.

CNC that are derived from wood pulp and have dimensions of approximately 5 nanometers (nm) in diameter and 150-200 nanometers in length. Larger crystals can be produced using cotton (10 nm by 500 nm) or algae (20 nm by 1000nm). CNCs possess many desirable properties such as high surface area, hydroxyl groups for functionalization, colloidal stability, low toxicity, chirality and mechanical strength.

Applications for Cellulose nanocrystals include:

• Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites.
• Packaging.
• Flexible packaging.
• Optical films.
• Coatings for flexible packaging.
• Nanocomposite films with good transparency and thermal stability.
• Iridescent films in textile and security industries.
• Biobased and biodegradable barrier coating on food packaging.
• Conductive inks.
• Biodegradable Flexible electronics-fully recyclable flexible paper electronic devices.
• Piezoelectric sensors.
• Flexible sensors.
• Mesoporous films and membranes.
• Water filters.
• Biocomposites for bone replacement and tooth repair.
• Drug delivery.
• Protein immobilisation.
• Wound dressings.
• Flexible batteries.
• Nanofluid in enhanced oil recovery.
• Drilling fluids.
• Food additives.
• Adhesives.
• Catalysts.
• Cosmetics.
• Hydrogels.
• Viscosity modifiers and flow aids.

Report contents include: 

  • In-depth analysis of the global market for cellulose nanocrystal products, applications, producers, product developers and products
  • Global cellulose nanocrystal production capacities.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for cellulose nanocrystals.
  • Tonnage demand for end user markets for cellulose nanocrystals.
  • In-depth company profiles, including products, capacities, production processes, target markets and commercial activities.

Published: August 15 2019 | 83 pages, 32 tables, 36 figures | Table of contents

Payment methods: Credit card, Paypal and Invoice (Bank transfer)

The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)
PDF (download and by email).
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)
Print edition (including tracked delivery).
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNC)
PDF and print edition.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 10

  • 1.1     Market snapshot………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
  • 1.2     Markets and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
    • 1.2.1       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2019…………………………………………………….. 12
    • 1.2.2       Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030……………………………………………. 12

2    INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………. 13

  • 2.1     Cellulose……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
  • 2.2     Nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14
  • 2.3     Properties of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
  • 2.4     Advantages of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
  • 2.5     Manufacture of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 16
  • 2.6     Production methods……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16
  • 2.7     Types of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17
    • 2.7.1       Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
    • 2.7.2       Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)……………………………………………………………………………………………. 20
      • 2.7.2.1    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
      • 2.7.2.2    Production methods of CNF producers…………………………………………………………………………. 22
    • 2.7.3       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)…………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
      • 2.7.3.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 25
      • 2.7.3.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
    • 2.7.4       Bacterial Cellulose (BC)………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27
      • 2.7.4.1    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27
  • 2.8     Synthesis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28
    • 2.8.1       Microcrystalline cellulose (MC)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
    • 2.8.2       Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
    • 2.8.3       Nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF)……………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
    • 2.8.4       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)…………………………………………………………………………………………. 30
    • 2.8.5       Bacterial cellulose particles (BC)……………………………………………………………………………………… 31

3    MARKETS FOR CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTALS……………………… 31

  • 3.1     Paints and coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
    • 3.1.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32
      • 3.1.1.1    Anti-fog coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
      • 3.1.1.2    Anti-counterfeiting films…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
    • 3.1.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in paints and coatings……………………………………………… 33
  • 3.2     Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
    • 3.2.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
    • 3.2.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in composites………………………………………………………… 35
  • 3.3     Paper and board/packaging……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
    • 3.3.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
      • 3.3.1.1    Gas barrier…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
    • 3.3.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in paper & board/packaging………………………………………. 37
  • 3.4     Automotive…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
    • 3.4.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38
      • 3.4.1.1    Polymer composites…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
    • 3.4.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in the automotive industry…………………………………………. 38
  • 3.5     Oil and Gas………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
    • 3.5.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
      • 3.5.1.1    Drilling fluids…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
    • 3.5.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in oil and gas…………………………………………………………. 40
  • 3.6     Biomedical and healthcare……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
    • 3.6.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
      • 3.6.1.1    Imaging…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41
      • 3.6.1.2    Shape memory polymers…………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
      • 3.6.1.3    Drug delivery………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
      • 3.6.1.4    Anti-microbial agents………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
      • 3.6.1.5    Scaffolds for tissue engineering………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
    • 3.6.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in medical & healthcare……………………………………………. 43
  • 3.7     Filtration…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
    • 3.7.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 44
      • 3.7.1.1    Filter papers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45
    • 3.7.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in filtration and separation………………………………………… 45
  • 3.8     Rheology modifiers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
    • 3.8.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47
    • 3.8.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in rheology modifiers……………………………………………….. 47
  • 3.9     Aerogels…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
    • 3.9.1       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48
    • 3.9.2       Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in aerogels……………………………………………………………. 49
  • 3.10        Textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 50
    • 3.10.1     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 50
      • 3.10.1.1       Superhydrophobic textile coatings…………………………………………………………………………… 50
    • 3.10.2     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51
    • 3.10.3     Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in textiles………………………………………………………………. 51
  • 3.11        Construction…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
    • 3.11.1     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
      • 3.11.1.1       Concrete……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52
    • 3.11.2     Global market for cellulose nanocrystals in construction……………………………………………………….. 53
  • 3.12        Electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54
    • 3.12.1     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54
      • 3.12.1.1       Conductive inks…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54
      • 3.12.1.2       Flexible electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55

4    CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL PRODUCER PROFILES…………….. 56 (15 COMPANY PROFILES)

5    REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………. 82

 

TABLES

  • Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications………………………………… 10
  • Table 2: Markets and applications for cellulose nanocrystals………………………………………………………………………. 11
  • Table 3: Cellulose nanocrystal producer capacities 2019…………………………………………………………………………… 12
  • Table 4: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030……………………………………………………… 12
  • Table 5: Properties and applications of nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………….. 15
  • Table 6: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials…………………………………….. 16
  • Table 7: Types of nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19
  • Table 8: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)………………………………………………………………………………….. 21
  • Table 9: Production methods of main CNF producers……………………………………………………………………………….. 22
  • Table 10: CNC sources and scale………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25
  • Table 11: CNC properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25
  • Table 12: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)………………………………………………………………………….. 26
  • Table 13: Applications of bacterial cellulose (BC)…………………………………………………………………………………….. 27
  • Table 14: Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………. 29
  • Table 15: Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………… 29
  • Table 16: Nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications……………………. 29
  • Table 17: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………….. 30
  • Table 18: Cellulose nanocrystals (MFC) preparation methods, resulting materials and applications…………………….. 31
  • Table 19: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030……………………………………………………. 32
  • Table 20: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………….. 33
  • Table 21: Global market demand for cellulose nanocrystals in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………….. 35
  • Table 22: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………. 37
  • Table 23: Global market demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons)……………….. 38
  • Table 24: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………… 40
  • Table 25: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………. 43
  • Table 26: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………. 45
  • Table 27: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)………………. 47
  • Table 28: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………………………….. 49
  • Table 29: Demand for cellulose nanocrystals in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………………………….. 51
  • Table 30: Market demand for cellulose nanocrystals in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………….. 53
  • Table 31: CNC producers and production capacities………………………………………………………………………………… 56
  • Table 32: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer……………………………………………………………………….. 57

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030…………………………………………………….. 13
  • Figure 2: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
  • Figure 3: Scale of cellulose materials…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
  • Figure 4: Types of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
  • Figure 5: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses…………………………………………………………………. 19
  • Figure 6: CNF gel……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21
  • Figure 7: TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals………………………………………………………………………………………… 24
  • Figure 8: An iridescent biomimetic cellulose multilayer film remains after water that contains cellulose nanocrystals evaporates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24
  • Figure 9: Extracting CNC from trees……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25
  • Figure 10: CNC slurry………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
  • Figure 11: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030…………………………………………………… 32
  • Figure 12: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………. 34
  • Figure 13: Global market demand for cellulose nanocrystals in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………… 36
  • Figure 14: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)………………. 37
  • Figure 15: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons)………………………… 39
  • Figure 16: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………….. 41
  • Figure 17: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………… 44
  • Figure 18: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………… 46
  • Figure 19: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
  • Figure 20: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………………. 50
  • Figure 21: Demand for cellulose nanocrystals in the textiles market, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………….. 52
  • Figure 22: Demand for cellulose nanocrystals in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)…………………………………………….. 54
  • Figure 23. American Process, Inc. CNF production process……………………………………………………………………….. 59
  • Figure 24: R3TM process technology……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 61
  • Figure 25: Blue Goose CNC Production Process……………………………………………………………………………………… 62
  • Figure 26: NCCTM Process………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 63
  • Figure 27: Celluforce production process……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 64
  • Figure 28: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:……………………………………………………………………………. 65
  • Figure 30: Block nanocellulose material…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67
  • Figure 31: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu…………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
  • Figure 32: Plantrose process………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
  • Figure 33. University of Maine CNF production process…………………………………………………………………………….. 77
  • Figure 34. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process………………………………………………….. 78
  • Figure 35: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF……………………………………………………………………………. 79
  • Figure 36. CNC solution…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 80