The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials

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Shape memory materials are a widely-investigated class of smart materials capable of changing from one predetermined shape to another in response to a stimulus. The demand for structures capable of autonomously adapting their shape according to specific varying conditions has led to the development of shape memory materials such as Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) and Shape Memory Polymers (SMP).

Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) are able to recover their initial shape after a deformation has occurred, when subjected to particular thermal conditions. They possess superelastic behavior, which allows large deformations with limited or no residual strain, and a high power-to-weight ratio.  Other properties include biocompatibility, high corrosion resistance, high wear resistance and high anti-fatigue.

SMAs are used in couplings, actuators and smart materials and are particularly suitable for adaptive structures in electrical components, construction, robotics, aerospace and automotive industries. Systems based on SMA actuators are already in use in valves and drives, where they offer lightweight, solid state options to habitual actuators such as hydraulic, pneumatic and motor based systems.

SMA are used in many other applications such as medical, controllers for hot water valves in showers, petroleum industry, vibration dampers, ball bearings, sensors, miniature grippers, micro valves, pumps, landing gears, eye glass frames, material for helicopter blades, sprinklers in fine alarm systems, packaging devices for electronic materials, dental materials, etc. The medical market for NiTinol is a multi-million dollar market.

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are a programmable (multi)stimuli-responsive polymers that change shape and stiffness through a thermal transition such as a glass transition. SMPs can recover their initial shape upon direct or Joule heating, radiation and laser heating, microwaves, pressure, moisture, solvent or solvent vapours and change in the pH values. Shape-memory polymers differ from SMAs by their glass transition or melting transition from a hard to a soft phase which is responsible for the shape-memory effect. In shape-memory alloys martensitic/austenitic transitions are responsible for the shape-memory effect. There are numerous advantages that make SMPs more attractive than shape memory alloys; however there are also significant disadvantages. 

The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials includes:

  • Applications and markets for shape memory alloys and shape memory polymers.
  • Analysis of shape memory materials by types and properties.
  • Patent analysis.
  • Assessment of economic prospects of the market for shape memory materials.
  • Market trends impacting the market for shape memory materials.
  • Main applications and markets for shape memory materials. Markets covered include biomedical, actuators across multiple markets, electronics, consumer goods, construction, tires, textiles, aerospace, soft robotics, automotive etc.
  • Shape memory market demand forecast (revenues), by type, market and region 2015-2030.
  • Shape memory materials producer profiles. Companies profiled include Awaji Materia Co., Ltd., Cambridge Mechatronics Limited, Dynalloy, Inc., Furukawa Electric Group, Maruho Hatsujyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., Nippon, re-fer AG, SAES Group, VenoStent etc..

Published October 2019 | 90 pages, 26 tables, 29 figures | Table of contents

The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials
The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials
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The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials
The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials
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The Global Market for Shape Memory Materials
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1        RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………………………………… 9

  • 1.1     Report scope………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9
  • 1.2     Research methodology…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9

2        EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10

  • 2.1     MARKET DRIVERS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10
  • 2.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10
  • 2.3     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13

3        TYPES OF SHAPE MEMORY MATERIALS………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

  • 3.1     SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS (SMA)………………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
    • 3.1.1       Shape memory effect……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
    • 3.1.2       Superelasticity…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16
    • 3.1.3       Nickel-Titanium (Ni-Ti) alloys………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16
    • 3.1.3.1    Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
      • 3.1.3.2    Commercialization…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18
    • 3.1.4       Copper-based SMAs…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
    • 3.1.5       Iron-based SMAs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19
    • 3.1.6       Hardened high temperature shape memory alloys (HTSMAs)………………………………………………… 20
    • 3.1.7       Titanium-Tantalum (Ti-Ta)-based alloys……………………………………………………………………………. 20
    • 3.1.8       SMA actuators…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
  • 3.2     SHAPE MEMORY POLYMERS (SMP)……………………………………………………………………………………… 21
    • 3.2.1       Shape memory polyurethane (SMPU)………………………………………………………………………………. 22
    • 3.2.2       Shape memory hydrogels (SMH)…………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
    • 3.2.3       Carbon nanotubes SMPs………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24
  • 3.3     SHAPE MEMORY CERAMICS (SMC)………………………………………………………………………………………. 24

4        SHAPE MEMORY PATENTING………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25

5        SHAPE MEMORY MATERIALS MARKETS AND APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………. 26

  • 5.1     MEDICAL, HEALTCHCARE AND DENTAL……………………………………………………………………………….. 26
    • 5.1.1       Stents……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
    • 5.1.2       Orthodontic archwires…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28
    • 5.1.3       Ablation devices………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
    • 5.1.4       Orthopaedic staples……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
    • 5.1.5       Prosthetics…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 30
    • 5.1.6       Sutures……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30
    • 5.1.7       Tissue engineering……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
    • 5.1.8       Insulin Pump………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 31
    • 5.1.9       Rehabilitation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31
  • 5.2     ELECTRONICS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32
    • 5.2.1       Flexible electronics………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
    • 5.2.2       Displays…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32
    • 5.2.3       Smartphone camera actuators………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
  • 5.3     CONSUMER GOODS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34
    • 5.3.1       Eyeglass frames………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 34
    • 5.3.2       Home appliances…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 34
  • 5.4     CONSTRUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
    • 5.4.1       Vibration damping………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
    • 5.4.2       Memory steel………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
  • 5.5     AVIATION AND AEROSPACE………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37
    • 5.5.1       SMA actuators…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
    • 5.5.2       Shape memory tires……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37
    • 5.5.3       SMA composites………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
  • 5.6     TEXTILES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
    • 5.6.1       Medical textiles……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
    • 5.6.2       Breathable fabrics………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
    • 5.6.3       Energy-storage textiles for wearables……………………………………………………………………………….. 40
  • 5.7     AUTOMOTIVE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • 5.7.1       SMA actuators…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • 5.7.2       SMA valves………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 43
    • 5.7.3       Autonomous vehicles……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 44
  • 5.8     ROBOTICS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45
  • 5.9     ANTI-COUNTERFEITING AND SECURITY……………………………………………………………………………….. 46
  • 5.10        OTHER MARKETS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47

6        GLOBAL REVENUES AND REGIONAL MARKETS……………………………………………………………………….. 48

  • 6.1     Global market to 2030, total revenues (USD)……………………………………………………………………………… 48
  • 6.2     Global market to 2030, by region……………………………………………………………………………………………… 50

7        SHAPE MEMORY COMPANY PROFILES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 51 (38 COMPANY PROFILES)

8        REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70

TABLES

  • Table 1. Market drivers for the use of shape memory materials…………………………………………………………………… 10
  • Table 2. Applications and market for shape memory materials……………………………………………………………………. 11
  • Table 3. Market challenges for shape memory materials……………………………………………………………………………. 13
  • Table 4. Types of shape memory alloys-advantages and disadvantages……………………………………………………….. 14
  • Table 5. Physical properties of NiTi………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
  • Table 6. Wire material, Elastic limit, Elasticity modulus (E)…………………………………………………………………………. 18
  • Table 7. Properties of copper-based shape memory alloys………………………………………………………………………… 19
  • Table 8. Comparison between the SMAs and SMPs…………………………………………………………………………………. 21
  • Table 9. Markets and applications of SMPU……………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
  • Table 10. Applications of shape memory materials in biomedical and stage of development……………………………… 26
  • Table 11. Commercially available NiTi archwires……………………………………………………………………………………… 29
  • Table 12. Commercially available SMA orthopaedic staples……………………………………………………………………….. 30
  • Table 13. SMP self-tightening sutures…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30
  • Table 14. Applications of shape memory materials in electronics and stage of development……………………………… 32
  • Table 15. Schematic of SMA actuator in image sensor……………………………………………………………………………… 33
  • Table 16. Applications of shape memory materials in consumer goods and stage of development………………………. 34
  • Table 17. Applications of shape memory materials in home appliances………………………………………………………… 34
  • Table 18. Applications of shape memory materials in construction and stage of development……………………………. 36
  • Table 19. Applications of shape memory materials in aviation and aerospace and stage of development……………… 37
  • Table 20. Applications of shape memory materials in textiles and stage of development…………………………………… 39
  • Table 21. Applications of shape memory materials in automotive and stage of development……………………………… 42
  • Table 22. Range of SMA applications in the automotive sector……………………………………………………………………. 43
  • Table 23. Other markets for shape memory materials and applications…………………………………………………………. 47
  • Table 24. Global market for shape memory materials, total and by market, revenues (Millions USD) 2014-2030, conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
  • Table 25. Global market for shape memory materials, total and by market, revenues (Millions USD) 2014-2030, high estimate……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Table 26. Global market for shape memory materials, by region, revenues (Millions USD) 2014-2030, conservative estimate……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 50

FIGURES

  • Figure 1. Phase transformation process for SMAs……………………………………………………………………………………. 14
  • Figure 2. Histeresys cycle for Superelastic and shape memory material……………………………………………………….. 15
  • Figure 3. Shape memory effect……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 16
  • Figure 4. Superelasticity Elastic Property……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16
  • Figure 5. Stress x Strain diagram…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 18
  • Figure 6. Shape memory pipe joint……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
  • Figure 7. The molecular mechanism of the shape memory effect under different stimuli……………………………………. 22
  • Figure 8. Diaplex’s environmental temperature adaptation features……………………………………………………………… 23
  • Figure 9.  Stent based on film polyurethane shape memory polymer……………………………………………………………. 23
  • Figure 10. Shape memory alloy patent applications 1994-2018…………………………………………………………………… 25
  • Figure 11.  Schematic of stent used to treat a peripheral artery…………………………………………………………………… 27
  • Figure 12. Nitinol stent products and manufacturers…………………………………………………………………………………. 27
  • Figure 13. SMA orthodontic wires…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29
  • Figure 14: Self-healing shape memory polymer patent schematic………………………………………………………………… 33
  • Figure 15. SMA incorporated into eyeglass frames…………………………………………………………………………………… 34
  • Figure 16. Combination faucet incorporating SMA……………………………………………………………………………………. 35
  • Figure 17. SMA temperature spring in rice cooker……………………………………………………………………………………. 35
  • Figure 18. Memory-steel reinforcement bars…………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
  • Figure 19. NASA superelastic tire…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
  • Figure 20. SMA flextures……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
  • Figure 21. SMPU-treated cotton fabrics…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
  • Figure 22. Schematics of DIAPLEX membrane……………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
  • Figure 23. SMP energy storage textiles…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41
  • Figure 24. SMA applications in the automotive sector……………………………………………………………………………….. 42
  • Figure 25.  Pneumatic valve to inflate and deflate cushions in car seats………………………………………………………… 44
  • Figure 26. SMP in anti-counterfeiting…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
  • Figure 27. Global market for shape memory materials, total and by market, revenues (Millions USD) 2014-2030, high estimate……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Figure 28. Global market for shape memory materials, total and by market, revenues (Millions USD) 2014-2030, high estimate……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Figure 29. MMM Process……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 66