The Global Market for Advanced Displays 2021-2031: Flexible & rollable displays, automotive displays and lighting, smart glasses & VR/AR/MR, quantum dot displays, microLEDs, OLEDs, Artificial Intelligence

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Published July 2021 | 490 pages, 138 figures, 50 tables | Table of contents

The Global Market for Advanced Displays 2021-2031 provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the global advanced displays technologies market and applications in a range of devices, from foldable smartphone displays to digital signage.

Markets and technologies covered in-depth include flexible & rollable displays, automotive displays and lighting, smart glasses & VR/AR/MR, quantum dot displays, digital signage, microLEDs, OLEDs, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in displays. 

Report contents include:

  • Current state of the art and products.
  • Recent industry developments and trends.
  • Global revenues by market, 2018-2031. 
  • Profiles of over 330 product developers from SMEs to multi-national electronics companies. Companies profiled include Keiron Printing Technologies, CHASM Advanced Materials, Tianma, Dexerials Corporation, AU Optronics Corp. VueReal Inc, Flexbright Oy, Samsung, Seoul Semiconductor/Seoul Viosys Co., Ltd., Dispelix Oy, SCHOTT, kBOE Display Technology Co., Ltd., Etulipa, FRONICS, iBeam Materials, eMagin, QustomDot, Cynora and OTI Lumionics. 

 

 

 

1              REPORT AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 29

 

2              DISPLAY INDUSTRY-MARKET STATUS AND OUTLOOK        30

 

3              FLEXIBLE AND PRINTED DISPLAYS              32

  • 3.1          Current state of the art  32
    • 3.1.1      Printed OLEDs    33
    • 3.1.2      Flexible and printed circuit boards and interconnects      34
    • 3.1.3      Flexible and printed transistors  35
  • 3.2          OTFT materials for LCD and electrophoretic displays         37
  • 3.3          Foldable and rollable smartphones          38
  • 3.4          Foldable and rollable displays     40
  • 3.5          OLCD Glass-Free Flexible Displays             42
  • 3.6          Flexible lighting 45
  • 3.7          Flexible electrophoretic displays                47
  • 3.8          Outdoor displays and signage     48
    • 3.8.1      Reflective Displays           48
    • 3.8.2      Energy harvesting            49
  • 3.9          Electrowetting displays  51
  • 3.10        Electrochromic displays 52
    • 3.10.1.1                Inorganic metal oxides  53
    • 3.10.1.2                Organic EC materials       53
    • 3.10.1.3                Nanomaterials  53
  • 3.11        Flexible organic liquid crystal displays     54
    • 3.11.1    Red Perovskite Emitters 55
  • 3.12        Global market revenues 2018-2031          55
  • 3.13        Company profiles             58

 

4              AUTOMOTIVE DISPLAYS AND LIGHTING 101

  • 4.1          Electric vehicles 102
  • 4.2          Interior displays and lighting        106
    • 4.2.1      OLED and flexible displays            107
    • 4.2.2      Transparent OLEDs          108
  • 4.3          Exterior displays and lighting       109
  • 4.4          Global market revenues 2018-2031 (Millions USD)            110
  • 4.5          Company profiles             112

 

5              SMART GLASSES AND HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAYS (VR, AR, MR, vision loss and eye trackers)           137

  • 5.1          Products              137
  • 5.2          Virtual Reality (VR) devices          141
  • 5.3          Augmented (AR) headsets and smart glasses       141
  • 5.4          Mixed Reality (MR) smart glasses              142
  • 5.5          Global market size           143
  • 5.6          Company profiles             144

 

6              QUANTUM DOTS IN ADVANCED DISPLAYS            204

  • 6.1          Properties           205
  • 6.2          Synthesis             207
  • 6.3          Types    208
    • 6.3.1      Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide and other materials              208
    • 6.3.2      Cadmium free quantum dots      209
    • 6.3.3      Graphene quantum dots (GQDs)               209
      • 6.3.3.1   Properties           209
      • 6.3.3.2   Synthesis             210
      • 6.3.3.3   Applications in advanced displays             211
    • 6.3.4      Perovskite quantum dots (PQDs)              213
      • 6.3.4.1   Properties           213
      • 6.3.4.2   Comparison to conventional quantum dots          214
      • 6.3.4.3   Synthesis methods          215
      • 6.3.4.4   Applications in advanced displays             215
    • 6.4          Quantum dots in advanced displays         218
  • 6.4.1      LCDS vs. OLEDs vs. QD-LCDs/QLEDs          218
    • 6.4.1.1   Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD)        218
  • 6.4.2      QD-LCD TVs/QLEDs         220
  • 6.4.3      Quantum dot enhancement film (QDEF) for current QLEDs            224
  • 6.4.4      Quantum Dot on Glass (QDOG)  224
  • 6.4.5      Quantum dot colour filters           225
  • 6.4.6      Quantum dots on-chip   227
  • 6.4.7      Electroluminescent quantum dots            227
    • 6.4.7.1   QD-Micro-LEDs 228
  • 6.4.8      Flexible QD displays        230
    • 6.4.8.1   Flexible QLEDs   231
  • 6.4.9      Transparent QD displays               232
  • 6.4.10    Samsung QD Display       233
  • 6.4.11    LG's "QNED" LCD TVs      234
  • 6.5          Global market for quantum dots in TVs and displays         234
    • 6.5.1      QD-TV unit sales 2016-2031          235
    • 6.5.2      QD Monitor Unit sales 2015-2031              237
  • 6.6          Company profiles             240

 

7              MICROLEDS        315

  • 7.1          The MiniLED market       315
  • 7.2          The MicroLED market     316
  • 7.3          The Global display market            316
    • 7.3.1      Display technologies assessment              317
  • 7.4          Motivation for use of MicroLEDs                319
  • 7.5          MicroLEDs applications  320
  • 7.6          Market and technology challenges           322
  • 7.7          Industry developments 2020-2021            324
  • 7.8          CES 2021              326
  • 7.9          Market activity in China 327
  • 7.10        Global shipment forecasts for MicroLEDs               328
    • 7.10.1    Units     328
    • 7.10.2    TECHNOLOGY AND MANUFACTURING ANALYSIS 330
      • 7.10.2.1                MiniLED (mLED) vs MicroLED (µLED)        330
  • 7.11        Development    331
    • 7.11.1    Sony      332
  • 7.12        Types    333
  • 7.13        Comparison to LCD and OLED      333
  • 7.14        MicroLED displays            335
  • 7.15        Advantages        336
    • 7.15.1    Transparency     337
    • 7.15.2    Borderless          338
    • 7.15.3    Flexibility             338
  • 7.16        Costs     338
  • 7.17        Manufacturing  339
    • 7.17.1    Epitaxy and Chip Processing        340
      • 7.17.1.1                Uniformity          340
    • 7.17.2    Assembly Technologies 341
      • 7.17.2.1                Monolithic fabrication of microdisplays  341
      • 7.17.2.2                Mass transfer    342
      • 7.17.2.3                Mass Transfer Processes               344
        • 7.17.2.3.1             Elastomer Stamp Transfer            345
        • 7.17.2.3.2             Roll-to-Roll or Roll-to-Panel Imprinting   346
        • 7.17.2.3.3             Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT)     347
        • 7.17.2.3.4             Electrostatic Transfer     348
        • 7.17.2.3.5             Micro vacuum-based transfer    349
        • 7.17.2.3.6             Adhesive Stamp 349
        • 7.17.2.3.7             Fluidically Self-Assembled Transfer          349
    • 7.17.3    Full colour conversion    350
      • 7.17.3.1                Phosphor Colour Conversion LEDs             352
      • 7.17.3.2                Quantum dots colour conversion              353
  • 7.18        MICROLED TVs  354
    • 7.18.1    The market in 2021          354
      • 7.18.1.1                Comparison of microLED to other LED TV technologies    354
    • 7.18.2    Samsung              355
      • 7.18.2.1                Wall display and microLED TV     355
    • 7.18.3    LG           355
      • 7.18.3.1                MAGNIT MicroLED TV    355
    • 7.18.4    Unit shipments 2020-2027            356
  • 7.19        MICROLED SMARTWATCHES AND WEARABLES    358
    • 7.19.1    Products and prototypes              358
    • 7.19.2    Unit shipments 2020-2027            359
  • 7.20        MICROLED SMARTPHONES          360
  • 7.21        MICROLED FLEXIBLE, STRETCHABLE AND FOLDABLE DISPLAYS      361
    • 7.21.1    Foldable microLED displays          362
    • 7.21.2    Product developers        363
  • 7.22        MICROLED BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL DISPLAYS     364
    • 7.22.1    Applications       364
    • 7.22.2    Product developers        365
  • 7.23        MICROLED AUTOMOTIVE DISPLAYS         366
    • 7.23.1    Applications       366
    • 7.23.2    Head-up display (HUD)  369
    • 7.23.3    Headlamps         370
    • 7.23.4    Product developers        371
  • 7.24        MICROLED VIRTUAL (VR) AND AUGMENTED REALITY (AR)              372
    • 7.24.1    Smart glasses and head-mounted displays (HMDs)            372
    • 7.24.2    Product developers        373
  • 7.25        MICROLED TRANSPARENT DISPLAYS        374
    • 7.25.1    Applications       374
    • 7.25.2    Product developers        375
  • 7.26        Company profiles       377

 

8              ADVANCED OLEDs           448

  • 8.1          OLED compared to LCD  448
  • 8.2          Flexible AMOLEDs            448
  • 8.3          Flexible PMOLED (Passive Matrix OLED) 450
  • 8.4          Fluorescent OLED materials         453
  • 8.5          Phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLED) 455
  • 8.6          OLED displays with Artificial Intelligence (AI)        456
  • 8.7          TADF     457
  • 8.8          Printed OLED displays    458
  • 8.9          Transparent OLED display             461
  • 8.10        Global market revenues 2018-2031 (Millions USD)            462
  • 8.11        Company profiles             462

 

9              REFERENCES       479

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Flexible and printed displays products.  32
  • Table 2. Applications in flexible and stretchable circuit boards, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof. 34
  • Table 3. Foldable display products and prototypes.           37
  • Table 4. Companies developing transparent display products.      43
  • Table 5. Types of electrochromic materials and applications.         52
  • Table 6. Companies developing curved automotive displays.        101
  • Table 7. Smart glasses companies and products. 137
  • Table 8. VR headset products.    141
  • Table 9. Augmented reality (AR) smart glass products.     142
  • Table 10. Mixed Reality (MR) smart glass products.           143
  • Table 11: Chemical synthesis of quantum dots.   207
  • Table 12: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 210
  • Table 13. Comparative properties of conventional QDs and Perovskite QDs.          214
  • Table 14. Development roadmap for perovskite QDs.      216
  • Table 15. Properties of perovskite QLEDs comparative to OLED and QLED.              217
  • Table 16: Advantages and disadvantages of LCDs, OLEDs and QDs.             219
  • Table 17: Typical approaches for integrating QDs into displays.    222
  • Table 18: Current and planned Quantum Dot TVs by manufacturer, availability, size range and price range.             223
  • Table 19: QD colour filter options and advantages.           225
  • Table 20: QD-TV unit sales 2016-2031, conservative and optimistic estimate for QDEF film and Non-QDEF film.     236
  • Table 21. Summary of display technologies.         318
  • Table 22. MicroLED applications.               320
  • Table 23. Market and technology challenges for microLED.            322
  • Table 24. Micro and MicroLED industry developments 2020-2021.              324
  • Table 25. MiniLED and microLED product announcements at CES 2021.    326
  • Table 26. MicroLED acivity in China.         327
  • Table 27. MicroLED display forecast (thousands of units) to 2027.               328
  • Table 28. Comparison between miniLED and microLED.   331
  • Table 29. Comparison of MicroLEDs to conventional LEDs.             332
  • Table 30. Types of microLED.       333
  • Table 31. Comparison to LCD and OLED. 334
  • Table 32. Schematic comparison to LCD and OLED.            335
  • Table 33. Commercially available microLED products and specifications.  335
  • Table 34. microLED-based display advantages and disadvantages.              336
  • Table 35. Mass transfer methods, by company.  343
  • Table 36. Comparison of various mass transfer technologies.       344
  • Table 37. Comparison of LED TV technologies.    354
  • Table 38. Flexible, stretchable and foldable miniLED and MicroLED products.        363
  • Table 39. Medical display MicroLED products.     365
  • Table 40. Automotive display & backlight architectures   366
  • Table 41. Applications of microLED in automotive.            367
  • Table 42. Automotive display MicroLED products and prototypes.             371
  • Table 43. Comparison of AR Display Light Engines.             372
  • Table 44. VR and AR MicroLED products.               373
  • Table 45. Applications of miniLED and microLED transparent displays.      374
  • Table 46. Companies developing MicroLED transparent displays. 375
  • Table 47. LG mini QNED range    413
  • Table 48. Samsung Neo QLED TV range. 429
  • Table 49. San’an Mini and Micro LED Production annual target.   430
  • Table 50. NPQDTM vs Traditional QD based Micro-LEDs. 432

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Thin film transistor incorporating SWCNTs.        35
  • Figure 2. LG Signature OLED TV R.             36
  • Figure 3. Flexible display.              36
  • Figure 4. Rollable display producers and products.            39
  • Figure 5. LG Display transparent OLED touch display.        43
  • Figure 6. Transparent display in subway carriage window.             43
  • Figure 7. LG OLED flexible lighting panel.               45
  • Figure 8. Flexible OLED incorporated into automotive headlight. 45
  • Figure 9. LECTUM® display.          47
  • Figure 10. Argil electrochromic film integrated with polycarbonate lenses.             54
  • Figure 11. Organic LCD with a 10-mm bend radius.            55
  • Figure 12. Global flexible and printed displays market revenues, 2017-2031 (billion $).      56
  • Figure 13. Global flexible and printed displays market revenues, 2017-2031 (billion $).      57
  • Figure 14. 1.39-inch full-circle microLED display  61
  • Figure 15. 9.4" flexible MicroLED display.               62
  • Figure 16. Transparent 3D touch control with LED lights and LED matrix. 64
  • Figure 17. Flexible microLED.       76
  • Figure 18. Hyperfluorescence™ OLED display.      80
  • Figure 19. 9.4" flexible MicroLED display.               90
  • Figure 20. 7.56-inch transparent Micro LED display.          90
  • Figure 21. Micro-LED stretchable display.              92
  • Figure 22. TCL phone and tablet concepts.            96
  • Figure 23. 7.56” Transparent Display.      98
  • Figure 24. Mercedes-Benz’s Hyperscreen.             106
  • Figure 25. LG OLED Car Infotainment Demo.        108
  • Figure 26. BOE Side Window Dimming Concept. 109
  • Figure 27. Global market revenues for advanced displays in automotive, 2018-2031 (Million USD).              110
  • Figure 28. Global market for flexible and printed electronics in the automotive sector, revenues (millions USD) by applications.       111
  • Figure 29. Vuzix Blade.   141
  • Figure 30. NReal Light MR smart glasses.               143
  • Figure 31. Global market revenues for smart glasses and head-mounted displays (VR, AR, MR)     144
  • Figure 32: Quantum dot schematic.         205
  • Figure 33. Quantum dot size and colour. 206
  • Figure 34: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).      210
  • Figure 35: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    212
  • Figure 36: Graphene quantum dots.        212
  • Figure 37. A pQLED device structure.       214
  • Figure 38: Perovskite quantum dots under UV light.          217
  • Figure 39: QD-TVsupply chain.    219
  • Figure 40: Quantum dot LED backlighting schematic.        221
  • Figure 41. Quantum dot film schematic. 224
  • Figure 42: Quantum Dots on Glass schematic.     225
  • Figure 43: Samsung 8K 65" QD Glass.       225
  • Figure 44: QD/OLED hybrid  schematic.  227
  • Figure 45: Electroluminescent quantum dots schematic. 228
  • Figure 46: The Wall microLED display.     229
  • Figure 47: Individual red, green and blue microLED arrays based on quantum dots.            229
  • Figure 48: Ink-jet printed 5-inch AM-QLED display (80 dpi).            230
  • Figure 49:  Carbon nanotubes flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries.            231
  • Figure 50: Flexible & stretchable LEDs based on quantum dots.   232
  • Figure 51. Schematic of QD-OLED hybrid.               233
  • Figure 52: QD-TV unit sales 2016-2031, conservative estimates. 235
  • Figure 53: QD-TV unit sales 2016-2031, optimistic estimates.       236
  • Figure 54: QD Monitor Unit sales 2015-2031.        238
  • Figure 55: InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination.  242
  • Figure 56. AU 85" bezel-less quantum dot TV.     248
  • Figure 57: InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination.  262
  • Figure 58: Quantum dots tag on plastic bottle.    265
  • Figure 59. QDSSC Module.           271
  • Figure 60: Quantum dot sheet.  284
  • Figure 61. SQ dots production process.   302
  • Figure 62. Infrared QD sensor company. 305
  • Figure 63. CQD™ photodiode schematic 306
  • Figure 64. TCL QLED TVs.              307
  • Figure 65. The progress of display technology-LCD to MicroLED.  319
  • Figure 66. MicroLED display forecast (thousands of units) to 2027.              329
  • Figure 67. Display system configurations.              330
  • Figure 68. MicroLED schematic. 331
  • Figure 69. Pixels per inch roadmap of µ-LED displays from 2007 to 2019.  333
  • Figure 70. Comparison of microLED with other display technologies.         336
  • Figure 71. Lextar 10.6 inch transparent microLED display.               337
  • Figure 72. Transition to borderless design.            338
  • Figure 73. Schematics of a elastomer stamping, b electrostatic/electromagnetic transfer, c laser-assisted transfer and d fluid self-assembly.     345
  • Figure 74. Schematics of Roll-based mass transfer.            347
  • Figure 75. Schematic of laser-induced forward transfer technology.          348
  • Figure 76. Schematic of fluid self-assembly technology.  350
  • Figure 77. Schematic of colour conversion technology.    351
  • Figure 78. Process flow of a full-colour microdisplay.        352
  • Figure 79. Samsung Wall display system.               355
  • Figure 80. LG MAGNIT MicroLED TV.        356
  • Figure 81. MicroLED display forecast for TVs (thousands of units) to 2027.               357
  • Figure 82. microLED wearable display prototype.               358
  • Figure 83. APHAEA Watch.           358
  • Figure 84. MicroLED display forecast for smart watches (thousands of units) to 2027.         359
  • Figure 85. AU Optonics Flexible MicroLED Display.             361
  • Figure 86. Schematic of the TALT technique for wafer-level microLED transferring.             362
  • Figure 87. Foldable 4K C SEED M1.            362
  • Figure 88. MicroLEDs for medical applications     364
  • Figure 89. MicroLED automotive display.               367
  • Figure 90. Issues in current commercial automotive HUD.              369
  • Figure 91. Rear lamp utilizing flexible MicroLEDs.               370
  • Figure 92. Vuzix microLED microdisplay Smart Glasses.    373
  • Figure 93. Different transparent displays and transmittance limitations.   375
  • Figure 94. 7.56" high transparency & frameless MicroLED display.              375
  • Figure 95. WireLED in 12” Silicon Wafer. 378
  • Figure 96. Typical GaN-on-Si LED structure.          379
  • Figure 97. 300 mm GaN-on-silicon epiwafer.       380
  • Figure 98. MicroLED chiplet architecture.              381
  • Figure 99. 1.39-inch full-circle microLED display  382
  • Figure 100. 9.4" flexible MicroLED display.            383
  • Figure 101. BOE MiniLED display TV.        384
  • Figure 102. BOE miniLED automotive display.      385
  • Figure 103. Image obtained on a blue active-matrix WVGA (wide video graphics array) microdisplay.          386
  • Figure 104. Fabrication of the 10-µm pixel pitch LED array on sapphire.   387
  • Figure 105. A 200-mm wafer with CMOS active matrices for GaN 873 × 500-pixel microdisplay at 10-µm pitch.       387
  • Figure 106. IntelliPix™ design for 0.26″ 1080p microLED display. 388
  • Figure 107. C Seed 165-inch M1 microLED TV.     390
  • Figure 108. Flexible microLED.    402
  • Figure 109. Jade Bird Display microdisplays.         403
  • Figure 110. JBD's 0.13-inch panel.             404
  • Figure 111. Prototype microLED display. 405
  • Figure 112. APHAEA MicroLED watch.     406
  • Figure 113. Lextar 2021 micro LED and mini LED products.             411
  • Figure 114. LSAB009 microLED display.   412
  • Figure 115. Schematic of Micro Nitride chip architecture.               417
  • Figure 116. 9.4" flexible MicroLED display.            422
  • Figure 117. 7.56-inch transparent Micro LED display.        422
  • Figure 118. 48 x 36 Passive Matrix microLED display.        424
  • Figure 119. Micro-LED stretchable display.            427
  • Figure 120. The Wall.      428
  • Figure 121. Samsung Neo QLED 8K.          429
  • Figure 122. NPQD™ Technology for MicroLEDs.   431
  • Figure 123. Wicop technology.   433
  • Figure 124.  B-Series and C-Series displays.           436
  • Figure 125. Photo-polymer mass transfer process.            438
  • Figure 126. Vuzix uLED display engine.    439
  • Figure 127. The Cinema Wall MicroLED display.  440
  • Figure 128. 7.56” Transparent Display.    441
  • Figure 129. VueReal Flipchip microLED (30x15 um2).        445
  • Figure 130. AMOLED schematic. 449
  • Figure 131. Mirage smart speaker with wraparound touch display.             450
  • Figure 132. LG rollable OLED TV. 450
  • Figure 133. AU Optronics inkjet-printed OLED prototype.               458
  • Figure 134. AU Optronics inkjet-printed OLED prototype.               459
  • Figure 135. Xiaomi Mi TV LUX OLED Transparent Edition.                462
  • Figure 136. Global market revenues for OLEDs, 2018-2031 (Millions USD).              462
  • Figure 137. Transparent OLED made with OTI Lumionic’s ConducTorr™ CPM.        467
  • Figure 138. LG Display transparent OLED Panel in China subway. 468

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Advanced Displays 2021-2031
The Global Market for Advanced Displays 2021-2031
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The Global Market for Advanced Displays 2021-2031
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