The sustainability of petroleum-based fuel supply has gained broad attention from the global community due to the increase of usage in various sectors, depletion of petroleum resources, and uncertainty around crude oil market prices. Additionally, environmental problems have also been flagged from the increasing emissions of harmful pollutants and greenhouse gases. Therefore, the use of clean energy sources is crucial. Sustainable, Alternative and Renewable Fuels include bio-fuels, bio-diesel, renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs), biogas, electrofuels (e-fuels), green ammonia based on utilization of:
First-Generation Feedstocks (food-based) e.g. Waste oils including used cooking oil, animal fats, and other fatty acids.
Second-Generation Feedstocks (non-food based) e.g. Lignocellulosic wastes and residues, Energy crops, Agricultural residues, Forestry residues, Biogenic fraction of municipal and industrial waste.
Third-Generation Feedstocks e.g. algal biomass
Fourth-Generation Feedstocks e.g. genetically modified (GM) algae and cyanobacteria.
Report contents include:
Market trends and drivers.
Market analysis including key players, end use markets, production processes, costs, production capacities, market demand for biofuels, bio-jet fuels, biodiesel, renewable diesel, biogas, electrofuels, green ammonia and other relevant technologies.
Industry developments 2020-2022.
114 company profiles including BTG Bioliquids, Byogy Renewables, Caphenia, Enerkem, Infinium. Eni S.p.A., Ensyn, FORGE Hydrocarbons Corporation, Genecis Bioindustries, Gevo, Haldor Topsoe, Steeper Energy, SunFire GmbH, Vertus Energy and many more.
1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 12
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 13
2.1 Market drivers 13
2.2 Market challenges 14
3 INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS 2020-2022 15
4 BIOFUELS 18
4.1 The biofuels market 18
4.2 Types 19
4.2.1 Solid Biofuels 19
4.2.2 Liquid Biofuels 19
4.2.3 Gaseous Biofuels 20
4.2.4 Conventional Biofuels 20
4.2.5 Advanced Biofuels 20
4.3 Feedstocks 21
4.3.1 First-Generation Feedstocks 22
4.3.2 Second-Generation Feedstocks 23
22.214.171.124 Lignocellulosic wastes and residues 23
126.96.36.199 Biorefinery lignin 24
4.3.3 Third-Generation Feedstocks 29
188.8.131.52 Algal biofuels 29
4.3.4 Fourth-Generation Feedstocks 30
4.3.5 Advantages and disadvantages, by generation 31