The Global Market for Bio-based Naphtha to 2033

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Published October 2022 | 120 pages, 23 figures, 31 tables | Download table of contents

Bio-based naphtha (bio-naphtha) is a by-product from the manufacture of Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), otherwise known as renewable diesel and  Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production. It can also be produced as a as a standalone product via gasification. Bio-naphtha can be used as a direct substitute for fossil-based naphtha, either as a gasoline blending component or to produce renewable plastic.

Producers use a wide variety of feedstocks for HVO and SAF including used cooking oil, vegetable oils such as palm and rapeseed, and waste residues from sectors such as wood pulp production (known as crude tall oil, or CTO) and animal fats. With increasing producer capacities in HVO and SAF, production of bio-naphtha is growing as part of the output and finding wider use as a “second generation” biofuel and as a feedstock to make ethylene, propylene, and butadiene for chemicals and plastics.

Report contents include:

  • Analysis of the global bioplastics and biofuels markets. 
  • Market drivers and trends in Bio-based naphtha (bio-naphtha).
  • Analysis of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuels markets.
  • Recent market developments and investments in Bio-based naphtha (bio-naphtha).
  • Bio-based naphtha (bio-naphtha) pricing. 
  • Estimated consumption to 2033 (tonnes).
  • Production capacities, current and planned. 
  • 29 company profiles. Companies profiled include Eni S.p.A., Ineos, LyondellBasell, Neste, Marathon Petroleum Corporation, SABIC and UPM Biofuels. 

 

 

1              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         9

 

2              THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET 10

  • 2.1          Global production of plastics       10
  • 2.2          The importance of plastic              10
  • 2.3          Issues with plastics use  11
  • 2.4          Policy and regulations    11
  • 2.5          The circular economy     12
  • 2.6          The global bioplastics market      14
    • 2.6.1      Market drivers and trends in bioplastics 15
    • 2.6.2      Global production to 2033            17
    • 2.6.3      Main producers and global production capacities               19
      • 2.6.3.1   Producers           19
      • 2.6.3.2   By biobased and sustainable plastic type               20
      • 2.6.3.3   By region             22
    • 2.6.4      Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics 2020-21, by market               24
    • 2.6.5      Challenges for the bioplastics and biopolymers market   27
    • 2.6.6      Conventional polymer materials used in packaging            28
      • 2.6.6.1   Polyolefins: Polypropylene and polyethylene      29
      • 2.6.6.2   PET and other polyester polymers            31
      • 2.6.6.3   Renewable and bio-based polymers for packaging             32
    • 2.6.7      Comparison of synthetic fossil-based and bio-based polymers     34
    • 2.6.8      End-of-life treatment of bioplastics          34
  • 2.7          The global biofuels market           35
    • 2.7.1      Diesel substitutes and alternatives           36
    • 2.7.2      Gasoline substitutes and alternatives      37
    • 2.7.3      Comparison of biofuel costs 2022, by type            38
  • 2.7.4      Types    39
    • 2.7.4.1   Solid Biofuels     39
    • 2.7.4.2   Liquid Biofuels  39
    • 2.7.4.3   Gaseous Biofuels             40
    • 2.7.4.4   Conventional Biofuels    40
    • 2.7.4.5   Advanced Biofuels           40
  • 2.7.5      Feedstocks         41
    • 2.7.5.1   First-generation (1-G)    43
    • 2.7.5.2   Second-generation (2-G)              44
      • 2.7.5.2.1               Lignocellulosic wastes and residues         45
      • 2.7.5.2.2               Biorefinery lignin              46
    • 2.7.5.3   Third-generation (3-G)  50
      • 2.7.5.3.1               Algal biofuels     50
      • 2.7.5.3.1.1           Properties           51
      • 2.7.5.3.1.2           Advantages        51
    • 2.7.5.4   Fourth-generation (4-G) 53
    • 2.7.5.5   Advantages and disadvantages, by generation    53

 

3              BIO-BASED CHEMICALS AND FEEDSTOCKS             56

  • 3.1          Types    56
  • 3.2          Bio-based chemicals and feedstocks production capacities, 2018-2033      57

 

4              THE GLOBAL BIO-BASED NAPHTHA (BIO-NAPHTHA) MARKET        59

  • 4.1          Introduction       59
  • 4.2          Market drivers  59
  • 4.3          Demand-side pull             60
  • 4.4          Supply-side pull 61
  • 4.5          Applications       62
  • 4.6          Renewable diesel            63
    • 4.6.1      Production          63
    • 4.6.2      Global consumption to 2033        64
  • 4.7          Sustainable aviation fuels             65
    • 4.7.1      Description         65
    • 4.7.2      Global market   65
    • 4.7.3      Production pathways     66
    • 4.7.4      Costs     68
    • 4.7.5      Biojet fuel production capacities                69
    • 4.7.6      Challenges          69
    • 4.7.7      Global consumption to 2033        70
  • 4.8          Market developments in bio-based naphtha, 2020-2022 71
  • 4.9          Pricing   73
  • 4.10        Production capacities, by producer, current and planned               74
  • 4.11        Production capacities, total (tonnes), historical, current and planned        75
  • 4.12        Production capacities, by region (tonnes)             76

 

5              COMPANY PROFILES       79 (29 company profiles)

 

6              REFERENCES       112

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Issues related to the use of plastics.        11
  • Table 2. Market drivers and trends in biobased and sustainable plastics.  15
  • Table 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2018-2033, in 1,000 tons.          17
  • Table 4. Global production capacities, by producers.        19
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2033, by type, in 1,000 tons.        20
  • Table 6. Types of bio-based plastics and fossil-fuel-based plastics               28
  • Table 7. Comparison of synthetic fossil-based and bio-based polymers.   34
  • Table 8. Comparison of biofuel costs (USD/liter) 2022, by type.   38
  • Table 9. Categories and examples of solid biofuel.             39
  • Table 10. Comparison of biofuels and e-fuels to fossil and electricity.        40
  • Table 11. Classification of biomass feedstock.     41
  • Table 12. Biorefinery feedstocks.              42
  • Table 13. Feedstock conversion pathways.           43
  • Table 14. First-Generation Feedstocks.   43
  • Table 15.  Lignocellulosic ethanol plants and capacities.  45
  • Table 16. Comparison of pulping and biorefinery lignins. 46
  • Table 17. Commercial and pre-commercial biorefinery lignin production facilities and  processes 47
  • Table 18. Operating and planned lignocellulosic biorefineries and industrial flue gas-to-ethanol.  49
  • Table 19. Properties of microalgae and macroalgae.         51
  • Table 20. Yield of algae and other biodiesel crops.             52
  • Table 21. Advantages and disadvantages of biofuels, by generation.         53
  • Table 22. List of Bio-based chemicals.      56
  • Table 23. Market drivers and trends, bio-based naphtha.               59
  • Table 24, Bio-based naphtha applications.             62
  • Table 25. Advantages and disadvantages of biojet fuel    65
  • Table 26. Production pathways for sustainable aviation fuels.      66
  • Table 27. Current and announced sustainable aviation fuels facilities and capacities.          69
  • Table 28. Market developments in bio-based naphtha, 2020-2022.             71
  • Table 29. Bio-based Naphtha production capacities, by producer.               74
  • Table 30. Bio-based naphtha production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes). 75
  • Table 31. Bio-based naphtha production capacities, by region.     76

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Global plastics production 1950-2020, millions of tons. 10
  • Figure 2. The circular plastic economy.   13
  • Figure 3. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons.        15
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2033, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types.   18
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2033, by type, in 1,000 tons.  21
  • Figure 6. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2033, by type.           22
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2033, by region, tonnes.               23
  • Figure 8. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics.     24
  • Figure 9. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2021  25
  • Figure 10. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019-2033, tons.                27
  • Figure 11. Challenges for the bioplastics and biopolymers market.             27
  • Figure 12. Routes for synthesizing polymers from fossil-based and bio-based resources.  33
  • Figure 13. Diesel and gasoline alternatives and blends.    37
  • Figure 14.  Schematic of a biorefinery for production of carriers and chemicals.    47
  • Figure 15. Hydrolytic lignin powder.        50
  • Figure 16. Bio-based chemicals and feedstocks production capacities, 2018-2033.                58
  • Figure 17. Global renewable diesel consumption, to 2033 (M litres/year).               64
  • Figure 18. Global sustainable aviation fuels consumption to 2033 (Million litres/year).      70
  • Figure 19. Bio-based naphtha pricing.      73
  • Figure 20. Bio-based naphtha production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).              75
  • Figure 21. Bio-based naphtha production capacities, by region.   78
  • Figure 22. Bio-PA rear bumper stay.         81
  • Figure 23. Corbion FDCA production process.      107

 

 

 

The Global Market for Bio-based Naphtha to 2033
The Global Market for Bio-based Naphtha to 2033
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The Global Market for Bio-based Naphtha to 2033
The Global Market for Bio-based Naphtha to 2033
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