The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2023-2033

0

Published August 2022 | 405 pages, 65 tables, 93 figures | Download table of contents

There is fast growing demand for plant-based product solutions, including eco-friendly bioplastics. Global plastics production was over 367 million metric tons in 2020 and consumption is forecast to double by 2050. Apart from the environmental problems associated with extracting the non-renewable resource, nearly 80 million tonnes of plastics end up in landfills. Bioplastics and biopolymers are a biodegradable and sustainable alternative to fossil-based plastics. 

Polymeric biomaterials are biobased products that allow for greater product sustainability due to their biodegradability and renewability. Their use is attractive as bioplastics that biodegrade to CO2 and H2O mitigate the negative effects of standard plastic (litter and damage to aqua environments). Renewable feedstocks can be utilized instead of petroleum, thereby reducing global dependence on crude oil and lessening the impact on climate.

The sky rocketing price of petroleum coupled with government regulations and consumer global environmental concerns, and continued population growth is pushing the plastic industries towards sustainability. Growing government regulatory restrictions, consumers’ desire and energy conservation are some of the key factors that drive research and proudct development towards renewable resource-based polymeric biomaterials. The performance of bioplastics is also improving and range of applications expanding. LG Chem and Archer Daniels Midland Co. (ADM) have launched two joint ventures for U.S. production of lactic acid and polylactic acid to meet growing demand for a wide variety of plant-based products, including bioplastics.

Bioplastics are defined as 'biobased and/or biodegradable plastics', a globally accepted definition. Not all bioplastics are biobased and if referring to the plastic problem of non-biodegradability, not all bioplastics are biodegradable. Biobased is based upon the carbon source while biodegradability upon chemical structure.

These include:

  • Biobased plastics that are not necessarily biodegradable (including conventional polymers, e.g. PE, made from biobased monomers.
  • Plastics containing both petro-based and bio-based components, e.g. PET, not necessarily biodegradable.
  • Biodegradable or compostable plastics derived from biobased materials, such as starch, cellulose, polylactides or polyhydroxyalkaboates.
  • Biodegradable petroleum-based plastics, e.g. PBAT.

 

Bioplastics producers have scaled up production considerably, with further expansion over the next few years. This report covers:

  • Analysis of non-biodegradable bio-based plastics and biodegradable plastics and polymers.
  • Global production capacities, market demand, market drivers, trends and challenges. 
  • Analysis of biobased chemicals including:
    • Bio-based adipic acid
    • 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA)
    • 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO)
    • Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA)
    • Epichlorohydrin (ECH)
    • Ethylene 
    • Furfural
    • 5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF)
    • 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) 
    • 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA)
    • Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME)
    • Isosorbide 
    • Itaconic acid
    • 3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP)
    • 5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF)
    • Lactic acid (D-LA) 
    • Lactic acid – L-lactic acid (L-LA)
    • Lactide
    • Levoglucosenone
    • Levulinic acid
    • Monoethylene glycol (MEG)
    • Monopropylene glycol (MPG)
    • Muconic acid
    • Naphtha
    • Pentamethylene diisocyanate
    • 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO)
    • Sebacic acid
    • Succinic acid (SA)
  • Analysis of synthetic biopolymers market including:
    • Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA)
    • Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)
    • Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)
    • Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)
    • Polyamides (Bio-PA)
    • Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)
    • Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
  • Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including
    • Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
    • Polysaccharides
    • Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
    • Cellulose nanocrystals
    • Cellulose nanofibers,
    • Protein-based bioplastics
    • Algal and fungal based bioplastics and biopolymers. 
  • Market segmentation analysis. Markets analysed include packaging, consumer goods, automotive, building & construction, textiles, electronics, agriculture & horticulture. 
  • Market growth to 2033 in terms of consumption and producer capacities. 
  • Emerging technologies in synthetic and natural produced bioplastics and biopolymers. 
  • More than 300 companies profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include major producers such as Arkema, Avantium, BASF, Borealis, Braskem, Cathay, Danimer Scientific, Indorama, Mitsubishi Chemicals, NatureWorks, Novamont, TotalEnergies Corbion and many more. Profiles include products and production capacities. 
  • Profiles of start-up producers and product developers including AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Plantic, Spiber and many more. 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   23

  • 1.1          Market trends   24
  • 1.2          Drivers for recent growth in the bioplastics and biopolymers markets      25
  • 1.3          Global production to 2033            26
  • 1.4          Main producers and global production capacities               27
    • 1.4.1      Producers           27
    • 1.4.2      By biobased and sustainable plastic type               29
    • 1.4.3      By region             33
  • 1.5          Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics 2020-21, by market               35
  • 1.6          Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the bioplastics market and future demand        38
  • 1.7          Challenges for the bioplastics and biopolymers market   38

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         40

 

3              THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET 42

  • 3.1          Global production of plastics       42
  • 3.2          The importance of plastic              43
  • 3.3          Issues with plastics use  43
  • 3.4          The circular economy     45

 

4              BIO-BASED CHEMICALS AND FEEDSTOCKS             46

  • 4.1          Types    46
  • 4.2          Production capacities     47
  • 4.3          Bio-based adipic acid      49
    • 4.3.1      Applications and production       49
  • 4.4          11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA)            50
    • 4.4.1      Applications and production       50
  • 4.5          1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO)              51
    • 4.5.1      Applications and production       51
  • 4.6          Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA)         52
    • 4.6.1      Applications and production       52
  • 4.7          Epichlorohydrin (ECH)    53
    • 4.7.1      Applications and production       53
  • 4.8          Ethylene              54
    • 4.8.1      Applications and production       54
  • 4.9          Furfural 56
    • 4.9.1      Applications and production       56
  • 4.10        5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) 57
    • 4.10.1    Applications and production       57
  • 4.11        5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF) 58
    • 4.11.1    Applications and production       58
  • 4.12        2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA)     59
    • 4.12.1    Applications and production       59
  • 4.13        Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME)  60
    • 4.13.1    Applications and production       60
  • 4.14        Isosorbide           61
    • 4.14.1    Applications and production       61
  • 4.15        Itaconic acid       62
    • 4.15.1    Applications and production       62
  • 4.16        3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) 63
    • 4.16.1    Applications and production       63
  • 4.17        5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) 64
    • 4.17.1    Applications and production       64
  • 4.18        Lactic acid (D-LA)             65
    • 4.18.1    Applications and production       66
  • 4.19        Lactic acid – L-lactic acid (L-LA)   67
    • 4.19.1    Applications and production       67
  • 4.20        Lactide  68
    • 4.20.1    Applications and production       68
  • 4.21        Levoglucosenone             69
    • 4.21.1    Applications and production       69
  • 4.22        Levulinic acid      70
    • 4.22.1    Applications and production       70
  • 4.23        Monoethylene glycol (MEG)       71
    • 4.23.1    Applications and production       71
  • 4.24        Monopropylene glycol (MPG)    73
    • 4.24.1    Applications and production       73
  • 4.25        Muconic acid      74
    • 4.25.1    Applications and production       74
  • 4.26        Naphtha              75
    • 4.26.1    Description         75
    • 4.26.2    Production capacities     75
    • 4.26.3    Producers           76
  • 4.27        Pentamethylene diisocyanate    76
    • 4.27.1    Applications and production       77
  • 4.28        1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO)           77
    • 4.28.1    Applications and production       77
  • 4.29        Sebacic acid        78
    • 4.29.1    Applications and production       78
  • 4.30        Succinic acid (SA)             79
    • 4.30.1    Applications and production       80

 

5              BIOPLASTICS AND BIOPOLYMERS              81

  • 5.1          Bio-based or renewable plastics 81
    • 5.1.1      Drop-in bio-based plastics            81
    • 5.1.2      Novel bio-based plastics                82
  • 5.2          Biodegradable and compostable plastics                83
    • 5.2.1      Biodegradability               83
    • 5.2.2      Compostability  84
  • 5.3          Advantages and disadvantages  85
  • 5.4          Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics              86
  • 5.5          Market leaders by biobased and/or biodegradable plastic types  88
  • 5.6          Regional/country production capacities, by main types   89
    • 5.6.1      Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) production capacities, by country             91
    • 5.6.2      Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) production capacities, by country              92
    • 5.6.3      Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) production capacities, by country               93
    • 5.6.4      Bio-based Polypropylene (Bio-PP) production capacities, by country          94
    • 5.6.5      Bio-based Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT) production capacities, by country     95
    • 5.6.6      Bio-based Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) production capacities, by country         96
    • 5.6.7      Bio-based Polybutylene succinate (PBS) production capacities, by country              97
    • 5.6.8      Bio-based Polylactic acid (PLA) production capacities, by country 98
    • 5.6.9      Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production capacities, by country  99
    • 5.6.10    Starch blends production capacities, by country 100
  • 5.7          SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS            102
    • 5.7.1      Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA) 102
      • 5.7.1.1   Market analysis 102
      • 5.7.1.2   Production          104
        • 5.7.1.2.1               PLA production process 104
        • 5.7.1.2.2               Lactic acid            105
      • 5.7.1.3   Producers and production capacities, current and planned            106
        • 5.7.1.3.1               Lactic acid producers and production capacities  106
        • 5.7.1.3.2               PLA producers and production capacities               107
    • 5.7.2      Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)     108
      • 5.7.2.1   Bio-based MEG and PET 108
      • 5.7.2.2   Market analysis 108
      • 5.7.2.3   Producers and production capacities       110
    • 5.7.3      Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)             110
      • 5.7.3.1   Biobased PDO and PTT   110
      • 5.7.3.2   Market analysis 111
      • 5.7.3.3   Producers and production capacities       111
    • 5.7.4      Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)             112
      • 5.7.4.1   Market analysis 112
      • 5.7.4.2   Comparative properties to PET   113
      • 5.7.4.3   Producers and production capacities       114
        • 5.7.4.3.1               FDCA and PEF producers and production capacities           114
    • 5.7.5      Polyamides (Bio-PA)       114
      • 5.7.5.1   Market analysis 115
      • 5.7.5.2   Producers and production capacities       116
    • 5.7.6      Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)        116
      • 5.7.6.1   Market analysis 116
      • 5.7.6.2   Producers and production capacities       117
    • 5.7.7      Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers     118
      • 5.7.7.1   Market analysis 119
      • 5.7.7.2   Producers and production capacities       119
    • 5.7.8      Polyethylene (Bio-PE)    120
      • 5.7.8.1   Market analysis 120
      • 5.7.8.2   Producers and production capacities       120
    • 5.7.9      Polypropylene (Bio-PP) 121
      • 5.7.9.1   Market analysis 121
      • 5.7.9.2   Producers and production capacities       121
  • 5.8          NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS               122
    • 5.8.1      Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)     123
      • 5.8.1.1   Technology description 123
      • 5.8.1.2   Types    125
        • 5.8.1.2.1               PHB        127
        • 5.8.1.2.2               PHBV     127
      • 5.8.1.3   Synthesis and production processes        129
      • 5.8.1.4   Market analysis 132
      • 5.8.1.5   Commercially available PHAs      133
      • 5.8.1.6   Markets for PHAs             134
        • 5.8.1.6.1               Packaging            135
        • 5.8.1.6.2               Cosmetics           137
          • 5.8.1.6.2.1           PHA microspheres           137
        • 5.8.1.6.3               Medical 137
          • 5.8.1.6.3.1           Tissue engineering          137
          • 5.8.1.6.3.2           Drug delivery     138
        • 5.8.1.6.4               Agriculture          138
          • 5.8.1.6.4.1           Mulch film           138
          • 5.8.1.6.4.2           Grow bags           138
      • 5.8.1.7   Producers and production capacities       139
    • 5.8.2      Polysaccharides 140
      • 5.8.2.1   Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 140
        • 5.8.2.1.1               Market analysis 140
        • 5.8.2.1.2               Producers and production capacities       141
      • 5.8.2.2   Nanocellulose   142
        • 5.8.2.2.1               Cellulose nanocrystals    142
          • 5.8.2.2.1.1           Market analysis 142
          • 5.8.2.2.1.2           Producers and production capacities       143
        • 5.8.2.2.2               Cellulose nanofibers       144
          • 5.8.2.2.2.1           Market analysis 144
          • 5.8.2.2.2.2           Producers and production capacities       145
      • 5.8.2.3   Starch   146
        • 5.8.2.3.1               Production          146
        • 5.8.2.3.1.1           Thermoplastic starch (TPS)          146
        • 5.8.2.3.1.2           Producers           147
    • 5.8.3      Protein-based bioplastics             147
      • 5.8.3.1   Types, applications and producers            148
    • 5.8.4      Algal and fungal 149
      • 5.8.4.1   Algal      150
        • 5.8.4.1.1               Advantages        150
        • 5.8.4.1.2               Production          151
        • 5.8.4.1.3               Producers           152
      • 5.8.4.2   Mycelium            153
        • 5.8.4.2.1               Properties           153
        • 5.8.4.2.2               Applications       154
        • 5.8.4.2.3               Commercialization           156
    • 5.8.5      Chitosan              156
      • 5.8.5.1   Technology description 156
      • 5.8.5.2   Applications       157
  • 5.9          PRODUCTION OF BIOBASED AND SUSTAINABLE PLASTICS, BY REGION      157
    • 5.9.1      North America   159
    • 5.9.2      Europe 159
    • 5.9.3      Asia-Pacific         160
      • 5.9.3.1   China     160
      • 5.9.3.2   Japan    160
      • 5.9.3.3   Thailand               160
      • 5.9.3.4   Indonesia            160
    • 5.9.4      Latin America    161
  • 5.10        MARKET SEGMENTATION OF BIOPLASTICS           162
    • 5.10.1    Packaging            164
      • 5.10.1.1                Applications       164
        • 5.10.1.1.1             Flexible packaging            164
        • 5.10.1.1.2             Rigid packaging 165
      • 5.10.1.2                Production capacities     165
    • 5.10.2    Consumer products        166
      • 5.10.2.1                Applications       166
      • 5.10.2.2                Production capacities     166
    • 5.10.3    Automotive        167
      • 5.10.3.1                Applications       167
      • 5.10.3.2                Production capacities     167
    • 5.10.4    Building & construction 169
      • 5.10.4.1                Applications       169
      • 5.10.4.2                Production capacities     169
    • 5.10.5    Textiles 170
      • 5.10.5.1                Apparel 170
      • 5.10.5.2                Footwear            171
      • 5.10.5.3                Medical textiles 173
      • 5.10.5.4                Production capacities     174
    • 5.10.6    Electronics          174
      • 5.10.6.1                Applications       174
      • 5.10.6.2                Production capacities     175
    • 5.10.7    Agriculture and horticulture        175
      • 5.10.7.1                Production capacities     176
      • 5.10.7.2                Applications       176

 

6              COMPANY PROFILES       178 (317 company profiles)

 

7              REFERENCES       415

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Market trends in biobased and sustainable plastics.         24
  • Table 2. Drivers for recent growth in the bioplastics and biopolymers markets      25
  • Table 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2018-2033, in 1,000 tons.          26
  • Table 4. Global production capacities, by producers.        27
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2033, by type, in 1,000 tons.        29
  • Table 6. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2033, by region, tons.      33
  • Table 7. Issues related to the use of plastics.        43
  • Table 8. List of Bio-based chemicals.        46
  • Table 9. Biobased MEG producers capacities.       71
  • Table 10. Bio-based naphtha producers. 76
  • Table 11. Type of biodegradation.            84
  • Table 12. Advantages and disadvantages of biobased plastics compared to conventional plastics. 85
  • Table 13. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications.               86
  • Table 14. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types.             88
  • Table 15. Bioplastics regional production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.           89
  • Table 16. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.               102
  • Table 17. Lactic acid producers and production capacities.             106
  • Table 18. PLA producers and production capacities.          107
  • Table 19. Planned PLA capacity expansions in China.         107
  • Table 20. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.              109
  • Table 21. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers and production capacities,           110
  • Table 22. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.       111
  • Table 23. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers.   111
  • Table 24. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                112
  • Table 25. PEF vs. PET.     113
  • Table 26. FDCA and PEF producers.          114
  • Table 27. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis - manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                115
  • Table 28. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities.            116
  • Table 29. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.              116
  • Table 30. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands.      117
  • Table 31. Bio-PBS market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.       119
  • Table 32. Leading PBS producers and production capacities.          119
  • Table 33. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                120
  • Table 34. Leading Bio-PE producers.        120
  • Table 35. Bio-PP market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.        121
  • Table 36. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities.           121
  • Table 37.Types of PHAs and properties. 126
  • Table 38. Comparison of the physical properties of different PHAs with conventional petroleum-based polymers. 128
  • Table 39. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) extraction methods.          130
  • Table 40. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis. 132
  • Table 41. Commercially available PHAs.  133
  • Table 42. Markets and applications for PHAs.       134
  • Table 43. Applications, advantages and disadvantages of PHAs in packaging.         136
  • Table 44. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers.           139
  • Table 45. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                140
  • Table 46. Leading MFC producers and capacities.               141
  • Table 47. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis.               142
  • Table 48: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.          143
  • Table 49. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis.   144
  • Table 50. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes.    145
  • Table 51. Types of protein based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             148
  • Table 52. Types of algal and fungal based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             149
  • Table 53. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size.          150
  • Table 54. Companies developing algal-based bioplastics. 152
  • Table 55. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.          153
  • Table 56. Companies developing mycelium-based bioplastics.      156
  • Table 57. Overview of chitosan-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.         156
  • Table 58. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2033, by region, tons.              157
  • Table 59. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in North America. 159
  • Table 60. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Europe.               159
  • Table 61. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Asia-Pacific.       160
  • Table 62. Biobased and sustainable plastics producers in Latin America.  161
  • Table 63. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.         272
  • Table 64. Lactips plastic pellets. 302
  • Table 65. Oji Holdings CNF products.       347

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons.        24
  • Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2033, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types.   27
  • Figure 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2033, by type, in 1,000 tons.  31
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2033, by type.           31
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2030, by type.       32
  • Figure 6. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020. 33
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025. 34
  • Figure 8. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics.     35
  • Figure 9. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2020.                36
  • Figure 10. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019-2033, tons.                38
  • Figure 11. Challenges for the bioplastics and biopolymers market.             39
  • Figure 12. Global plastics production 1950-2020, millions of tons.              43
  • Figure 13. Bio-based chemicals and feedstocks production capacities, 2018-2033.                48
  • Figure 14. 1,4-Butanediol (BDO) production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).         51
  • Figure 15. Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).             53
  • Figure 16. Epichlorohydrin production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).    54
  • Figure 17. Ethylene production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).  55
  • Figure 18. L-lactic acid (L-LA) production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes). 67
  • Figure 19. Lactide production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).     68
  • Figure 20. Bio-MEG producers capacities.              72
  • Figure 21. Bio-MPG production capacities, 2018-2033.      73
  • Figure 22. BIobased naphtha production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes). 75
  • Figure 23. 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes). 78
  • Figure 24. Sebacic acid production capacities, 2018-2033 (tonnes).           79
  • Figure 25.  Coca-Cola PlantBottle®.           82
  • Figure 26. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics.              83
  • Figure 27. Bioplastics regional production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.         91
  • Figure 28. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE), 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.            91
  • Figure 29. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033   92
  • Figure 30. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.   93
  • Figure 31. Bio-based Polypropylene (Bio-PP) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.             94
  • Figure 32. Bio-based Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.         95
  • Figure 33. Bio-based Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.                96
  • Figure 34. Bio-based Polybutylene succinate (PBS) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.  97
  • Figure 35. Bio-based Polylactic acid (PLA) production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.    98
  • Figure 36. PHA production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.        99
  • Figure 37. Starch blends production capacities, 1,000 tons, 2019-2033.     101
  • Figure 38. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025.               114
  • Figure 39. PHA family.    126
  • Figure 40. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix.           151
  • Figure 41. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam.     155
  • Figure 42. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials.          155
  • Figure 43. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020.              158
  • Figure 44. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025.              158
  • Figure 45. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2021, 1,000 tons.                162
  • Figure 46. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2021, 1,000 tons.                163
  • Figure 47. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2033 , in 1,000 tons.                164
  • Figure 48. PHA bioplastics products.        164
  • Figure 49. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in packaging 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.                165
  • Figure 50. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in consumer products 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.         167
  • Figure 51. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in automotive 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.                168
  • Figure 52. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in building and construction 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.     169
  • Figure 53. AlgiKicks sneaker, made with the Algiknit biopolymer gel.         171
  • Figure 54. Reebok's [REE]GROW running shoes. 172
  • Figure 55. Camper Runner K21.  173
  • Figure 56. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in textiles 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.                174
  • Figure 57. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in electronics 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.                175
  • Figure 58. Biodegradable mulch films.     176
  • Figure 59. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in agriculture 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.                177
  • Figure 60. Algiknit yarn. 182
  • Figure 61. Bio-PA rear bumper stay.         197
  • Figure 62. formicobio™ technology.         228
  • Figure 63. nanoforest-S. 230
  • Figure 64. nanoforest-PDP.         230
  • Figure 65. nanoforest-MB.           231
  • Figure 66. CuanSave film.             236
  • Figure 67. ELLEX products.           239
  • Figure 68. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            239
  • Figure 69. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 240
  • Figure 70. Mushroom leather.    251
  • Figure 71. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  265
  • Figure 72. PHA production process.         266
  • Figure 73. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                275
  • Figure 74. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer). 278
  • Figure 75. CNF gel.           283
  • Figure 76. Block nanocellulose material. 284
  • Figure 77. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.              284
  • Figure 78. Made of Air's HexChar panels.               311
  • Figure 79. IPA synthesis method.              319
  • Figure 80. MOGU-Wave panels. 320
  • Figure 81. Reishi.              324
  • Figure 82. Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.             337
  • Figure 83. Compostable water pod.         339
  • Figure 84. CNF clear sheets.        347
  • Figure 85. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.          348
  • Figure 86. Manufacturing process for STARCEL.   369
  • Figure 87. Lyocell process.           379
  • Figure 88. Spider silk production.              383
  • Figure 89. Sulapac cosmetics containers.               385
  • Figure 90.  Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing. 386
  • Figure 91. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles.               392
  • Figure 92. Corbion FDCA production process.      399
  • Figure 93. Visolis’ Hybrid Bio-Thermocatalytic Process.    407
  •  

The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2023-2033
The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2023-2033
PDF download.

The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2023-2033
The Global Market for Bioplastics and Biopolymers 2023-2033
PDF download and print edition (including tracked delivery).

Payment methods: Visa, Mastercard, American Express, Alipay, Paypal. 

To purchase by invoice (bank transfer or cheque) contact info@futuremarketsinc.com