The Global Market for Bioplastics in Packaging 2023-2033

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Published August 2022 | 385 pages, 64 tables, 84 figures | Download table of contents

The Global Market for Bioplastics in Packaging 2023-2033 provides an in-depth analysis of the current market, future outlook and growth opportunities in sectors such as food, drink, food-service and other packaging sectors. The packaging market is the main end use sector for biopolymers, with increased demand for sustainability from packaging producers and food and beverage brands. Packaging (including rigid and flexible packaging, paper coating, and foodservice) is the largest market segment for bioplastics, accounting for >1.3 million tons of the total bioplastics market in 2021. 

Report contents include: 

  • Data forecasts by volume and value for all major bioplastic types in packaging
  • Analysis of producers and production capacities.
  • Performance properties of biopolymers are a replacement for oil-based polymers for packaging. 
  • Market analysis of bioplastics in packaging for food & beverages, food-service and other packaging sectors. 
  • Analysis of bioplastics in packaging by type, including:
    • Bio PET
    • Bio PA
    • Bio PE
    • Bio-PP
    • Bio-PS
    • PLA
    • PHA
    • Starch Blends
    • PBAT
    • Polybutylene succinate (PBS)
    • Polysaccharides
    • Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
    • Cellulose nanocrystals
    • Cellulose nanofibers,
    • Protein-based bioplastics
    • Algal and fungal based bioplastics and biopolymers. 
  • More than 300 companies profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include major producers such as Arkema, Avantium, BASF, Borealis, Braskem, Cathay, Danimer Scientific, Indorama, Mitsubishi Chemicals, NatureWorks, Novamont, TotalEnergies Corbion and many more. 

 

Report scope

Report metricsDetails
Forecast Period2023-2033
Historical Data Available for2018-2022
Page count385
Units referencedUS$ Million for Value and Tonnes for Volume
Key Regions CoveredNorth America, South & Central America, Europe, Asia-Pacific
Key Segments CoveredMaterials, Application, End Use and Region
Companies Profiled include- Arkema
- Avantium
- BASF
- Biome Bioplastics
- Borealis
- Braskem
- Cathay
- Danimer Scientific
- Indorama
- Green Dot Bioplastics
- Loliware
- Mitsubishi Chemicals
- NatureWorks
- Novamont
- TotalEnergies Corbion

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   20

  • 1.1          Market trends   22
  • 1.2          Drivers for recent growth in bioplastics in packaging         23
  • 1.3          Global production to 2033            24
  • 1.4          Main producers and global production capacities               25
    • 1.4.1      Producers           25
    • 1.4.2      By biobased and sustainable plastic type               27
    • 1.4.3      By region             31
  • 1.5          Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics 2020-21, by market               33
  • 1.6          Comparing bioplastics to conventional polymers in packaging      36
  • 1.7          Challenges for bioplastics in packaging    36
  • 1.8          Global Bioplastics for packaging markets, tonnes and revenues   39
    • 1.8.1      Bioplastic material type 40
    • 1.8.2      By end-use application  42
    • 1.8.3      By geographic market    43

 

2              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         44

 

3              THE GLOBAL PLASTICS MARKET 46

  • 3.1          Global production of plastics       46
  • 3.2          The importance of plastic              47
  • 3.3          Issues with plastics use  47
  • 3.4          The circular economy     49
  • 3.5          Conventional polymer materials used in packaging            50
    • 3.5.1      Polyolefins: Polypropylene and polyethylene      50
    • 3.5.2      PET and other polyester polymers            51
    • 3.5.3      Other conventional polymers     52
    • 3.5.4      Renewable and bio-based polymers for packaging             53
      • 3.5.4.1   Natural biopolymers extracted from biomass      53
      • 3.5.4.2   Biodegradable polymers made from conventional monomers      53
      • 3.5.4.3   Biopolymers from biologically derived monomers             54

 

4              BIOPLASTICS AND BIOPOLYMERS IN PACKAGING 55

  • 4.1          Bio-based or renewable plastics 55
    • 4.1.1      Drop-in bio-based plastics            55
    • 4.1.2      Novel bio-based plastics                56
  • 4.2          Biodegradable and compostable plastics                57
    • 4.2.1      Biodegradability               57
    • 4.2.2      Compostability  58
  • 4.3          Advantages and disadvantages  59
  • 4.4          Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics              60
  • 4.5          Market leaders by biobased and/or biodegradable plastic types  62
  • 4.6          SYNTHETIC BIO-BASED POLYMERS            63
    • 4.6.1      Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA) 63
      • 4.6.1.1   Market analysis 63
      • 4.6.1.2   Production          65
        • 4.6.1.2.1               PLA production process 65
        • 4.6.1.2.2               Lactic acid            66
      • 4.6.1.3   Producers and production capacities, current and planned            67
        • 4.6.1.3.1               Lactic acid producers and production capacities  67
        • 4.6.1.3.2               PLA producers and production capacities               68
      • 4.6.1.4   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              69
    • 4.6.2      Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET)     70
      • 4.6.2.1   Bio-based MEG and PET 70
      • 4.6.2.2   Market analysis 70
      • 4.6.2.3   Producers and production capacities       71
      • 4.6.2.4   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              73
    • 4.6.3      Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT)             73
      • 4.6.3.1   Biobased PDO and PTT   73
      • 4.6.3.2   Market analysis 74
      • 4.6.3.3   Producers and production capacities       74
      • 4.6.3.4   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              75
    • 4.6.4      Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF)             76
      • 4.6.4.1   Market analysis 76
      • 4.6.4.2   Comparative properties to PET   77
      • 4.6.4.3   Producers and production capacities       78
        • 4.6.4.3.1               FDCA and PEF producers and production capacities           78
      • 4.6.4.4   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              78
    • 4.6.5      Polyamides (Bio-PA)       79
      • 4.6.5.1   Market analysis 79
      • 4.6.5.2   Producers and production capacities       81
      • 4.6.5.3   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              81
    • 4.6.6      Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (Bio-PBAT)- Aliphatic aromatic copolyesters       82
      • 4.6.6.1   Market analysis 82
      • 4.6.6.2   Producers and production capacities       83
      • 4.6.6.3   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              83
    • 4.6.7      Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers     85
      • 4.6.7.1   Market analysis 85
      • 4.6.7.2   Producers and production capacities       86
      • 4.6.7.3   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              86
    • 4.6.8      Polyethylene (Bio-PE)    88
      • 4.6.8.1   Market analysis 88
      • 4.6.8.2   Producers and production capacities       88
      • 4.6.8.3   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              89
    • 4.6.9      Polypropylene (Bio-PP) 89
      • 4.6.9.1   Market analysis 89
      • 4.6.9.2   Producers and production capacities       90
      • 4.6.9.3   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              90
  • 4.7          NATURAL BIO-BASED POLYMERS               92
    • 4.7.1      Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)     92
      • 4.7.1.1   Technology description 92
      • 4.7.1.2   Types    94
        • 4.7.1.2.1               PHB        96
        • 4.7.1.2.2               PHBV     97
      • 4.7.1.3   Synthesis and production processes        98
      • 4.7.1.4   Market analysis 101
      • 4.7.1.5   Commercially available PHAs      102
      • 4.7.1.6   Producers and production capacities       103
      • 4.7.1.7   PHAs in packaging            105
        • 4.7.1.7.1               Global consumption in packaging to 2033              108
    • 4.7.2      Polysaccharides 108
      • 4.7.2.1   Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 109
        • 4.7.2.1.1               Market analysis 109
        • 4.7.2.1.2               Producers and production capacities       109
      • 4.7.2.2   Nanocellulose   110
        • 4.7.2.2.1               Cellulose nanocrystals    110
          • 4.7.2.2.1.1           Market analysis 110
          • 4.7.2.2.1.2           Producers and production capacities       112
        • 4.7.2.2.2               Cellulose nanofibers       112
          • 4.7.2.2.2.1           Market analysis 112
          • 4.7.2.2.2.2           Producers and production capacities       114
        • 4.7.2.2.3               Global consumption in packaging to 2033              115
    • 4.7.2.3   Starch   116
      • 4.7.2.3.1               Production          116
        • 4.7.2.3.1.1           Thermoplastic starch (TPS)          116
        • 4.7.2.3.1.2           Producers           116
      • 4.7.2.3.2               Global consumption in packaging to 2033              117
    • 4.7.3      Protein-based bioplastics             118
      • 4.7.3.1   Types, applications and producers            118
      • 4.7.3.2   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              119
    • 4.7.4      Algal and fungal 120
      • 4.7.4.1   Algal      121
        • 4.7.4.1.1               Advantages        121
        • 4.7.4.1.2               Production          122
        • 4.7.4.1.3               Producers           123
      • 4.7.4.2   Global consumption in packaging to 2033              123
      • 4.7.4.3   Mycelium            124
        • 4.7.4.3.1               Properties           125
        • 4.7.4.3.2               Applications       125
        • 4.7.4.3.3               Commercialization           127

 

5              PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS FOR PACKAGING BY GEOGRAPHIC MARKET TO 2033            128

  • 5.1          North America   129
  • 5.2          Europe 130
  • 5.3          Asia-Pacific         131
    • 5.3.1      China     131
  • 5.4          South and Central America          133

 

6              BIOPLASTICS IN THE PACKAGING MARKET            134

  • 6.1          Food Packaging 137
    • 6.1.1      Types of plastic food packaging  137
      • 6.1.1.1.1               Flexible packaging            138
      • 6.1.1.1.2               Rigid packaging 138
    • 6.1.2      Production capacities     139
    • 6.1.3      Global demand in food bioplastic packaging to 2033          139
  • 6.2          Beverage packaging        140
    • 6.2.1      Applications       140
    • 6.2.2      Global demand in beverage bioplastic packaging to 2033                140
  • 6.3          Food-service packaging 141
    • 6.3.1      Applications       141
    • 6.3.2      Global demand in food service bioplastic packaging to 2033          141
  • 6.4          Non-food packaging       141
    • 6.4.1      Applications       142
    • 6.4.2      Global demand in non-food bioplastic packaging to 2033                142

 

7              COMPANY PROFILES       143 (317 company profiles)

 

8              REFERENCES       380

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Market trends in biobased and sustainable plastics.         22
  • Table 2. Drivers for recent growth in the bioplastics and biopolymers markets      23
  • Table 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2018-2033, in 1,000 tons.          24
  • Table 4. Global production capacities, by producers.        25
  • Table 5. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2033, by type, in 1,000 tons.        27
  • Table 6. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2019-2033, by region, tons.      31
  • Table 7. Bioplastics for packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).  40
  • Table 8. Global bioplastics packaging by end-use application, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).   42
  • Table 9. Global bioplastic packaging by geographic market, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).      43
  • Table 10. Issues related to the use of plastics.      47
  • Table 11. Type of biodegradation.            58
  • Table 12. Advantages and disadvantages of biobased plastics compared to conventional plastics. 59
  • Table 13. Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics, applications.               60
  • Table 14. Market leader by Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastic types.             62
  • Table 15. Polylactic acid (PLA) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.               63
  • Table 16. Lactic acid producers and production capacities.             67
  • Table 17. PLA producers and production capacities.          68
  • Table 18. Planned PLA capacity expansions in China.         68
  • Table 19. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.              70
  • Table 20. Bio-based Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producers and production capacities,           71
  • Table 21. Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.       74
  • Table 22. Production capacities of Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), by leading producers.   74
  • Table 23. Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                76
  • Table 24. PEF vs. PET.     77
  • Table 25. FDCA and PEF producers.          78
  • Table 26. Bio-based polyamides (Bio-PA) market analysis - manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                79
  • Table 27. Leading Bio-PA producers production capacities.            81
  • Table 28. Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.              82
  • Table 29. Leading PBAT producers, production capacities and brands.      83
  • Table 30. Bio-PBS market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.       85
  • Table 31. Leading PBS producers and production capacities.          86
  • Table 32. Bio-based Polyethylene (Bio-PE) market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                88
  • Table 33. Leading Bio-PE producers.        88
  • Table 34. Bio-PP market analysis- manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.        89
  • Table 35. Leading Bio-PP producers and capacities.           90
  • Table 36.Types of PHAs and properties. 95
  • Table 37. Comparison of the physical properties of different PHAs with conventional petroleum-based polymers. 97
  • Table 38. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) extraction methods.          99
  • Table 39. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) market analysis. 101
  • Table 40. Commercially available PHAs.  102
  • Table 41. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers.           103
  • Table 42. Markets and applications for PHAs.       105
  • Table 43. Applications, advantages and disadvantages of PHAs in packaging.         106
  • Table 44. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) market analysis-manufacture, advantages, disadvantages and applications.                109
  • Table 45. Leading MFC producers and capacities.               110
  • Table 46. Cellulose nanocrystals analysis.               111
  • Table 47: Cellulose nanocrystal production capacities and production process, by producer.          112
  • Table 48. Cellulose nanofibers market analysis.   112
  • Table 49. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes.    114
  • Table 50. Types of protein based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             118
  • Table 51. Types of algal and fungal based-bioplastics, applications and companies.             120
  • Table 52. Overview of alginate-description, properties, application and market size.          121
  • Table 53. Companies developing algal-based bioplastics. 123
  • Table 54. Overview of mycelium fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications.          125
  • Table 55. Companies developing mycelium-based bioplastics.      127
  • Table 56. Global production capacities of bioplastics in packaging 2019-2033, by geographic, tons.             128
  • Table 57. North America bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).             129
  • Table 58. Europe bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).            130
  • Table 59. China bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).               131
  • Table 60. Rest of Asia-Pacific bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).     132
  • Table 61. South & Central America bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).         133
  • Table 62. Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.         237
  • Table 63. Lactips plastic pellets. 267
  • Table 64. Oji Holdings CNF products.       312

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Total global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics, all types, 000 tons.        22
  • Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics 2018-2033, in 1,000 tons by biodegradable/non-biodegradable types.   25
  • Figure 3. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics in 2019-2033, by type, in 1,000 tons.  29
  • Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019-2033, by type.           29
  • Figure 5. Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2030, by type.       30
  • Figure 6. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2020. 31
  • Figure 7. Global production capacities of biobased and sustainable plastics 2025. 32
  • Figure 8. Current and future applications of biobased and sustainable plastics.     33
  • Figure 9. Global demand for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2020.                34
  • Figure 10. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2019-2033, tons.                36
  • Figure 11. Challenges for bioplastics in packaging.             37
  • Figure 12. Bioplastics for packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).              41
  • Figure 13. Global bioplastics packaging by end-use application, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).               43
  • Figure 14. Global bioplastic packaging by geographic market, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).  44
  • Figure 15. Global plastics production 1950-2020, millions of tons.              47
  • Figure 16.  Coca-Cola PlantBottle®.           56
  • Figure 17. Interrelationship between conventional, bio-based and biodegradable plastics.              57
  • Figure 18. Global Bio-PLA biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).  69
  • Figure 19. Global Bio-PET biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).  73
  • Figure 20. GlobalBio-PTT biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).    75
  • Figure 21. Production capacities of Polyethylene furanoate (PEF) to 2025.               78
  • Figure 22. Global Bio-PEF biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).   78
  • Figure 23. Global Bio-PA biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).    81
  • Figure 24. Global PBAT biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).       84
  • Figure 25. Global PBS biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).          86
  • Figure 26. Global biopolyethylene biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes). 89
  • Figure 27. Global Bio-PP biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).     90
  • Figure 28. PHA family.    95
  • Figure 29. Global PHA biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).         108
  • Figure 30. Global micro and nano cellullose biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).               115
  • Figure 31. Global starch biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).     117
  • Figure 32. Global protein-based biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).      120
  • Figure 33. BLOOM masterbatch from Algix.           122
  • Figure 34. Global algal-based biopolymers consumption for packaging applications, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).           123
  • Figure 35. Typical structure of mycelium-based foam.     126
  • Figure 36. Commercial mycelium composite construction materials.          126
  • Figure 37. North America bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).            129
  • Figure 38. Europe bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).          130
  • Figure 39. China bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).              132
  • Figure 40. Rest of Asia-Pacific bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).   132
  • Figure 41. South & Central America bioplastics packaging by bioplastic material type, 2023–33 (‘000 tonnes).        134
  • Figure 42. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2021, 1,000 tons.                135
  • Figure 43. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market 2021, 1,000 tons.                136
  • Figure 44. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics by end user market, 2033 , in 1,000 tons.                137
  • Figure 45. PHA bioplastics products.        138
  • Figure 46. Global production capacities for biobased and sustainable plastics in packaging 2019-2033, in 1,000 tons.                139
  • Figure 47. Global food packaging bioplastic packaging demand by bioplastic material type, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes)                139
  • Figure 48. Global beverage bioplastic packaging demand by bioplastic material type, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).    140
  • Figure 49. Global food service bioplastic packaging demand by bioplastic material type, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).                141
  • Figure 50. Global non-food bioplastic packaging demand by bioplastic material type, 2023–2033 (‘000 tonnes).    142
  • Figure 51. Algiknit yarn. 148
  • Figure 52. Bio-PA rear bumper stay.         163
  • Figure 53. formicobio™ technology.         193
  • Figure 54. nanoforest-S. 195
  • Figure 55. nanoforest-PDP.         195
  • Figure 56. nanoforest-MB.           196
  • Figure 57. CuanSave film.             201
  • Figure 58. ELLEX products.           204
  • Figure 59. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            204
  • Figure 60. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 205
  • Figure 61. Mushroom leather.    216
  • Figure 62. Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  230
  • Figure 63. PHA production process.         231
  • Figure 64. Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                240
  • Figure 65. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer). 243
  • Figure 66. CNF gel.           248
  • Figure 67. Block nanocellulose material. 249
  • Figure 68. CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.              249
  • Figure 69. Made of Air's HexChar panels.               276
  • Figure 70. IPA synthesis method.              284
  • Figure 71. MOGU-Wave panels. 285
  • Figure 72. Reishi.              289
  • Figure 73. Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.             302
  • Figure 74. Compostable water pod.         304
  • Figure 75. CNF clear sheets.        312
  • Figure 76. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.          313
  • Figure 77. Manufacturing process for STARCEL.   334
  • Figure 78. Lyocell process.           344
  • Figure 79. Spider silk production.              348
  • Figure 80. Sulapac cosmetics containers.               350
  • Figure 81.  Sulzer equipment for PLA polymerization processing. 351
  • Figure 82. Teijin bioplastic film for door handles.               357
  • Figure 83. Corbion FDCA production process.      364
  • Figure 84. Visolis’ Hybrid Bio-Thermocatalytic Process.    372

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Bioplastics in Packaging 2023-2033
The Global Market for Bioplastics in Packaging 2023-2033
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The Global Market for Bioplastics in Packaging 2023-2033
The Global Market for Bioplastics in Packaging 2023-2033
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