The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021

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Published May 4 2021 | 331 pages, 103 tables, 164 figures | Table of contents

Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) are sustainable materials with high mechanical strength and stiffness (stronger than steel), high aspect ratios, high transparency, high chemical resistance and impressive rheological, optical and film-forming properties. They are also lightweight and have made a recent impact in industrial applications in biopolymers, bio-composites and hygiene and sanitary products.

Industrial products have been introduced to the market recently in packaging, composites and thermoplastics, biomedicine and hygiene, mainly in the Japanese market. Advanced applications in paper batteries and flexible electronics are also expected once current processing challenges have been overcome.

Cellulose nanofiber (CNF) production is now at the industrial scale, with numerous large paper manufacturers establishing multi-ton production facilities. Japanese chemicals manufacturers have also initiated cellulose nanofiber production capabilities. Facilities have also been established in Europe (mainly Scandinavia), Canada and the United States.

Report contents include:

  • Global production capacities, by CNF producer, current and planned.
  • Production volumes by region.
  • Commercialized products on the market incorporating CNFs.
  • Stage of commercialization for cellulose nanofiber applications by company (TRL).
  • CNF applications by industry.
  • Demand in tons per market. 
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • Competitive landscape of CNF by market, volumes, key trends and growth. Potential for CNF to gain market share by market volume across all end user markets. Markets covered include Polymer composites, Automotive, Building & Construction, Packaging, Textiles, Biomedicine, Pharma, Healthcare, Sanitary and Hygiene Products, Paints & Coatings, Aerogels, Oil & Gas, Filtration, Cosmetics, Food Additives, Electronics, Aerospace and 3D printing. 
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for CNF including potential revenues, growth rates, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • In-depth analysis of market by applications including estimated market size, penetration and growth. Applications covered include: Polymer composite parts; Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites;  Automotive composites; Packaging films; Aerogels; Construction materials; Packaging fillers/additives; Paint and coatings additives; Deodorant sheets; Pharmaceutical additives; Renewable plastic parts/casings; Transparent films for electronics; Flexible and printed electronics; Batteries;  Flexible and paper batteries; Filtration membranes.
  • In-depth key player profiles of 85 companies, including products, current capacities and plans for new capacities, production processes, prices per kg and commercial activities. Companies profiled in the report include Asahi Kasei, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Daicel, Daiichi Kogyo, Daio Paper, GranBio Technologies, Nippon Paper, Oji Holdings, Sugino Machine, Seiko PMC and more.

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   23

  • 1.1          The market in 2019          24
  • 1.2          The market in 2020          26
  • 1.3          Future global market outlook     26
  • 1.4          Global cellulose nanofibers production   27
    • 1.4.1      Total global production capacity 2019, by type   28
    • 1.4.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2020, in metric tonnes by producer        29
    • 1.4.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2020           30
  • 1.5          Market challenges for Cellulose nanofibers          35
  • 1.6          Cellulose nanofibers commercial products            36
  • 1.7          Cellulose nanofibers market by region    40
    • 1.7.1      Japan    41
    • 1.7.2      China     43
    • 1.7.3      Malaysia              43
    • 1.7.4      Western Europe               44
    • 1.7.5      North America   44
  • 1.8          Global government funding        45
  • 1.9          Market impact from COVID-19 crisis         46

 

2              OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE               47

  • 2.1          Cellulose              47
  • 2.2          Nanocellulose   47
  • 2.3          Properties of nanocellulose         48
  • 2.4          Advantages of nanocellulose      50
  • 2.5          Manufacture of nanocellulose    50
  • 2.6          Production methods       51
  • 2.7          Types of nanocellulose  52
    • 2.7.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 54
    • 2.7.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)           55
      • 2.7.2.1   Applications       56
    • 2.7.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)       57
      • 2.7.3.1   Synthesis             57
      • 2.7.3.2   Properties           59
      • 2.7.3.3   Applications       60
    • 2.7.4      Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)    62
      • 2.7.4.1   Applications       62
  • 2.8          Synthesis             63

 

3              APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS              66

 

4              REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS 69

  • 4.1          Standards            69
    • 4.1.1      International Standards Organization (ISO)           69
    • 4.1.2      American National Standards      69
    • 4.1.3      CSA Group          69
  • 4.2          Toxicity 70
  • 4.3          Regulation          72

 

5              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS SUPPLY CHAIN 73

 

6              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS PRICING            76

 

7              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE COMPOSITES MARKET  78

  • 7.1          Market overview             78
  • 7.2          Market prospects            79
  • 7.3          Market assessment        80
  • 7.4          Applications map             84
  • 7.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       85
  • 7.6          Product developer profiles          86

 

8              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET 88

  • 8.1          Market overview             88
  • 8.2          Market prospects            89
  • 8.3          Market assessment        90
  • 8.4          Applications map             92
  • 8.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       92
  • 8.6          Product developer profiles          94

 

9              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE CONSTRUCTION MARKET            98

  • 9.1          Market overview             98
  • 9.2          Market prospects            98
  • 9.3          Market assessment        99
  • 9.4          Applications map             102
  • 9.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       102
  • 9.6          Product developer profiles          104

 

10           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING MARKET             105

  • 10.1        Market prospects            105
  • 10.2        Market assessment        106
  • 10.3        Applications map             111
  • 10.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       112
  • 10.5        Product developer profiles          113

 

11           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS THE TEXTILES AND APPAREL MARKET    115

  • 11.1        Market overview             115
  • 11.2        Market prospects            115
  • 11.3        Market assessment        116
  • 11.4        Applications map             120
  • 11.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       120
  • 11.6        Product developer profiles          122

 

12           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE MARKET            123

  • 12.1        Market overview             123
  • 12.2        Market prospects            124
  • 12.3        Market assessment        125
  • 12.4        Applications map             129
  • 12.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       130
  • 12.6        Product developer profiles          132

 

13           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE HYGIENE AND SANITARY PRODUCTS MARKET     134

  • 13.1        Market overview             134
  • 13.2        Market prospects            135
  • 13.3        Market assessment        136
  • 13.4        Applications map             140
  • 13.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       141
  • 13.6        Product developer profiles          142

 

14           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE PAINTS AND COATINGS MARKET              144

  • 14.1        Market overview             144
  • 14.2        Market prospects            144
  • 14.3        Market assessment        145
  • 14.4        Applications map             148
  • 14.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       149
  • 14.6        Product developer profiles          150

 

15           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE AEROGELS MARKET        152

  • 15.1        Market overview             152
  • 15.2        Market prospects            152
  • 15.3        Market assessment        153
  • 15.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       155
  • 15.5        Product developer profiles          156

 

16           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE OIL AND GAS MARKET   157

  • 16.1        Market overview             157
  • 16.2        Market prospects            157
  • 16.3        Market assessment        158
  • 16.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       160
  • 16.5        Product developer profiles          161

 

17           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN THE FILTRATION MARKET     163

  • 17.1        Market overview             163
  • 17.2        Market prospects            165
  • 17.3        Market assessment        166
  • 17.4        Applications map             168
  • 17.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       169
  • 17.6        Product developer profiles          170

 

18           CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMA AND FOOD ADDITIVES       172

  • 18.1        Market overview             172
  • 18.2        Market prospects            173
  • 18.3        Market assessment        173
  • 18.4        Applications map             175
  • 18.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       175
  • 18.6        Product developer profiles          177

 

19           OTHER MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE 179

  • 19.1        CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS 179
    • 19.1.1    Market assessment        179
    • 19.1.2    Product developer profiles          182
  • 19.2        CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN 3D PRINTING             185
    • 19.2.1    Market assessment        185
    • 19.2.2    Product developer profiles          187
  • 19.3        CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN AEROSPACE 188
    • 19.3.1    Market assessment        188
    • 19.3.2    Product developer profiles          189

 

20           CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES       190 (85 COMPANY PROFILES)

 

21           RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY 323

  • 21.1        Report scope     323
  • 21.2        Research methodology 323

 

22           REFERENCES       325

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Markets and applications for cellulose nanofibers.           24
  • Table 2. Classification of Cellulose nanofibers applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.            27
  • Table 3: Global demand for Cellulose nanofibers in 2019, tons.    28
  • Table 4: Market segmentation by type of Cellulose nanofibers, capacities and demand 2018.         28
  • Table 5. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.               29
  • Table 6: MFC production capacities and production process, by producer.              30
  • Table 7: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.        31
  • Table 8: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2031.                33
  • Table 9: Market and technical challenges in Cellulose nanofibers.               35
  • Table 10: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2019, tons (total excludes MFC).       41
  • Table 11. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Japan.           41
  • Table 12. Cellulose nanofibers research centres, universities and companies in China.       43
  • Table 13. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Europe.        44
  • Table 14. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in North America.          45
  • Table 15. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 crisis by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   46
  • Table 16. Properties and applications of nanocellulose.   49
  • Table 17. Properties of nanocellulose, by type.   49
  • Table 18: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials. 50
  • Table 19. Types of nanocellulose.              52
  • Table 20: Types of nanocellulose.             54
  • Table 21: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).        56
  • Table 22. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).     58
  • Table 23: CNC sources, size and yield.     59
  • Table 24: CNC properties.            59
  • Table 25. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         60
  • Table 26: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).              61
  • Table 27: Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). 62
  • Table 28: Market opportunity assessment for Cellulose nanofibers, by application.             66
  • Table 29: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose.          70
  • Table 30: Global Cellulose nanofibers market supply chain analysis.           73
  • Table 31: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.        76
  • Table 32. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.         78
  • Table 33. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.   79
  • Table 34. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in composites.          79
  • Table 35. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   80
  • Table 36: Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2031 (tons).            85
  • Table 37: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers composites.            86
  • Table 38. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in automotive.            88
  • Table 39. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in automotive.          89
  • Table 40. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs.   90
  • Table 41: Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector 2018-2031 (tons).       92
  • Table 42: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in the automotive industry.            94
  • Table 43. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in construction.          98
  • Table 44. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in construction          98
  • Table 45. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs    99
  • Table 46: Market demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2031 (tons).       102
  • Table 47: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers in construction.      104
  • Table 48. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers. 105
  • Table 49. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging.            105
  • Table 50. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs.              106
  • Table 51: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paper & board packaging, 2018-2031 (tons). 112
  • Table 52: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paper and board.           113
  • Table 53. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel.            115
  • Table 54. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel.          115
  • Table 55. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.          116
  • Table 56: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in textiles, 2018-2031 (tons). 120
  • Table 57: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel. 122
  • Table 58. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare.  123
  • Table 59. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare. 124
  • Table 60. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs.   125
  • Table 61: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2031 (tons).   130
  • Table 62: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2031 (tons).  131
  • Table 63: Cellulose nanofibers product developers in medicine and healthcare.   132
  • Table 64. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in the hygiene and sanitary products market. 134
  • Table 65. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products.     135
  • Table 66. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products -application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs.   136
  • Table 67: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products, 2018-2031 (tons).      141
  • Table 68: Cellulose nanofibers product developers in hygiene and sanitary products.         142
  • Table 69. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings.             144
  • Table 70. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings.           144
  • Table 71. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs.        145
  • Table 72: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2031 (tons).             149
  • Table 73: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.     150
  • Table 74. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels.  152
  • Table 75. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels. 152
  • Table 76. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs.   153
  • Table 77: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2031 (tons). 155
  • Table 78: cellulose nanofibers product developers in aerogels.    156
  • Table 79. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas.              157
  • Table 80. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas.             157
  • Table 81. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs.   158
  • Table 82: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2031 (tons).      160
  • Table 83: Cellulose nanofibers product developers in oil and gas exploration.       161
  • Table 84. CNF membranes.          164
  • Table 85. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in filtration.  164
  • Table 86. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in filtration. 165
  • Table 87. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.   166
  • Table 88: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2031 (tons).         169
  • Table 89: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in filtration.           170
  • Table 90. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.              172
  • Table 91. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.            173
  • Table 92. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs.              173
  • Table 93: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2031 (tons).     175
  • Table 94: Commercial activity in cellulose nanofibers rheology modifiers.               177
  • Table 95. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper). 179
  • Table 96. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs.  180
  • Table 97: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.        182
  • Table 98. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.   185
  • Table 99: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers 3D printing products.           187
  • Table 100. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.   188
  • Table 101: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in aircraft and aerospace.             189
  • Table 102: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.      233
  • Table 103: Oji Holdings CNF products.     276
  •  

Figures

  • Figure 1. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2019, metric tonnes.      29
  • Figure 2. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC in metric tonnes by market, 2018-2031.     32
  • Figure 3. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2031.              34
  • Figure 4. Cellulose nanofibers-based commercial products.           36
  • Figure 5. Dorayaki.           36
  • Figure 6. ENASAVE NEXT.              37
  • Figure 7. GEL-KAYANO™.              37
  • Figure 8. Kirekira! toilet wipes.   38
  • Figure 9. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet.   38
  • Figure 10. SC-3 (B) speakers.       38
  • Figure 11. SE-MONITOR5 headphones.   39
  • Figure 12. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers. 39
  • Figure 13. "SURISURI" Lotion.     39
  • Figure 14. Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020.           41
  • Figure 15. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit. 47
  • Figure 16. Scale of cellulose materials.    48
  • Figure 17. Types of nanocellulose.            53
  • Figure 18. Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.            53
  • Figure 19. CNF gel.           55
  • Figure 20. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 57
  • Figure 21. CNC preparation.        57
  • Figure 22. Extracting CNC from trees.      59
  • Figure 23. CNC slurry.     61
  • Figure 24. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials.   63
  • Figure 25. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose.           65
  • Figure 26. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in composites.      84
  • Figure 27. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2031 (metric tonnes).       86
  • Figure 28. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid).         86
  • Figure 29. CNF resin products.    87
  • Figure 30. Interior of NCV concept car.    88
  • Figure 31. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.  92
  • Figure 32: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector, 2018-2031 (tons).    93
  • Figure 33: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car.             94
  • Figure 34: CNF composite.           95
  • Figure 35: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.           95
  • Figure 36. The structure of the CNF-based front hood.    96
  • Figure 37. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project. 96
  • Figure 38. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       99
  • Figure 39. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in construction.    102
  • Figure 40: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2031 (tons).     103
  • Figure 41. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging.       112
  • Figure 42: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2031 (tons).      113
  • Figure 43. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel.      120
  • Figure 44: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the textiles, 2018-2031 (tons).        121
  • Figure 45: CNF deodorant products.        122
  • Figure 46. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare.            129
  • Figure 47: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2031 (tons).  130
  • Figure 48: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2031 (tons).  131
  • Figure 49. Fibnano.         133
  • Figure 50. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products. 140
  • Figure 51: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products 2018-2031 (tons).      141
  • Figure 52. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings.       148
  • Figure 53: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2031 (tons).            149
  • Figure 54. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.        151
  • Figure 55: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2031 (tons). 156
  • Figure 56: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2031 (tons).    161
  • Figure 57. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery.    162
  • Figure 58. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in filtration.            169
  • Figure 59: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2031 (tons).        170
  • Figure 60. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw.             171
  • Figure 61. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.       175
  • Figure 62: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2031(tons).      176
  • Figure 63. "SURISURI" products. 178
  • Figure 64: Foldable nanopaper antenna. 180
  • Figure 65: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF. 183
  • Figure 66. Oji CNF transparent sheets.    183
  • Figure 67. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.          184
  • Figure 68: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  191
  • Figure 69. MEDICELLU™.               191
  • Figure 70: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  193
  • Figure 71: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 194
  • Figure 72: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              194
  • Figure 73: CNF nonwoven fabric.               195
  • Figure 74. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.               199
  • Figure 75. nanoforest products. 208
  • Figure 76. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.             209
  • Figure 77. nanoforest-S. 209
  • Figure 78. nanoforest-PDP.         210
  • Figure 79. nanoforest-MB.           210
  • Figure 80. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.    212
  • Figure 81. Celish.              212
  • Figure 82: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   213
  • Figure 83. Daio Paper CNF production process.   215
  • Figure 84. ELLEX products.           216
  • Figure 85. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            217
  • Figure 86. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 217
  • Figure 87. Color CNF.      218
  • Figure 88. DIC Products CNF production process.               220
  • Figure 89. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 222
  • Figure 90: Rheocrysta spray.       223
  • Figure 91. DKS CNF products.      223
  • Figure 92: CNF based on citrus peel.        225
  • Figure 93. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.       225
  • Figure 94. Imerys CNF production process.           227
  • Figure 95. Filler Bank CNC products.         229
  • Figure 96: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  230
  • Figure 97: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.                231
  • Figure 98. Granbio CNF production process.         234
  • Figure 99: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                235
  • Figure 100. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer).              237
  • Figure 101: CNF gel.        239
  • Figure 102: Block nanocellulose material.              239
  • Figure 103: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.           240
  • Figure 104. Innventia CNF production process.    242
  • Figure 105: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.       243
  • Figure 106. Kami Shoji CNF products.      245
  • Figure 107. Dual Graft System.   246
  • Figure 108: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.        247
  • Figure 109. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).           248
  • Figure 110: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).     249
  • Figure 111. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.      251
  • Figure 112. CNF deodorant.         253
  • Figure 113. Chitin nanofiber product.      254
  • Figure 114. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.            256
  • Figure 115. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder. 257
  • Figure 116. Cellulomix production process.           258
  • Figure 117. Nanobase versus conventional products.       259
  • Figure 118. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307.       260
  • Figure 119: CNF slurries.               261
  • Figure 120. Range of CNF products.          261
  • Figure 121: Nanocell serum product.       262
  • Figure 122: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.        264
  • Figure 123: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.    264
  • Figure 124. Nippon Paper CNF production process.           266
  • Figure 125: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.          268
  • Figure 126. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF.  269
  • Figure 127. CNF paint product.   270
  • Figure 128: CNF wet powder.     272
  • Figure 129: CNF transparent film.              272
  • Figure 130: Transparent CNF sheets.       273
  • Figure 131. Oji Paper CNF production process.    274
  • Figure 132: CNF clear sheets.      276
  • Figure 133. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.       278
  • Figure 134: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.              279
  • Figure 135. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.  280
  • Figure 136: XCNF.            282
  • Figure 137: CNF insulation flat plates.     283
  • Figure 138. Seiko PMC CNF production process. 286
  • Figure 139. Manufacturing process for STARCEL. 287
  • Figure 140: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.        289
  • Figure 141. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.      290
  • Figure 142. Stora Enso CNF production process. 291
  • Figure 143. Sugino Machine CNF production process.      293
  • Figure 144: High Pressure Water Jet Process.       293
  • Figure 145: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.       294
  • Figure 146. BiNFi-s Dry Powder. 294
  • Figure 147. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.          295
  • Figure 148: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.       295
  • Figure 149: SVILOSA AD CNC products.   297
  • Figure 150: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.  302
  • Figure 151: CNF/nanosilver powder.       302
  • Figure 152: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.     303
  • Figure 153: CNF resin products. 306
  • Figure 154. University of Maine CNF production process.               307
  • Figure 155. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.      309
  • Figure 156. FibDex® wound dressing.      310
  • Figure 157. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          312
  • Figure 158: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.               313
  • Figure 159. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.         315
  • Figure 160. VTT CNF production process.               317
  • Figure 161: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.     318
  • Figure 162: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.        319
  • Figure 163. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       321

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
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The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
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The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
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