The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021

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Published September 2021 | 331 pages, 106 tables, 162 figures | Table of contents

Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) are sustainable materials with high mechanical strength and stiffness (stronger than steel), high aspect ratios, high transparency, high chemical resistance and impressive rheological, optical and film-forming properties. They are also lightweight and have made a recent impact in industrial applications in biopolymers, bio-composites and hygiene and sanitary products.

Industrial products have been introduced to the market recently in packaging, composites and thermoplastics, biomedicine and hygiene, mainly in the Japanese market. Advanced applications in paper batteries and flexible electronics are also expected once current processing challenges have been overcome.

Cellulose nanofiber (CNF) production is now at the industrial scale, with numerous large paper manufacturers establishing multi-ton production facilities. Japanese chemicals manufacturers have also initiated cellulose nanofiber production capabilities. Facilities have also been established in Europe (mainly Scandinavia), Canada and the United States.

Report contents include:

  • Global production capacities, by CNF producer, current and planned.
  • Production volumes by region.
  • Commercialized products on the market incorporating CNFs.
  • Stage of commercialization for cellulose nanofiber applications by company (TRL).
  • CNF applications by industry.
  • Demand in tons per market. 
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • Competitive landscape of CNF by market, volumes, key trends and growth. Potential for CNF to gain market share by market volume across all end user markets. Markets covered include Polymer composites, Automotive, Building & Construction, Packaging, Textiles, Biomedicine, Pharma, Healthcare, Sanitary and Hygiene Products, Paints & Coatings, Aerogels, Oil & Gas, Filtration, Cosmetics, Food Additives, Electronics, Aerospace and 3D printing. 
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for CNF including potential revenues, growth rates, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • In-depth analysis of market by applications including estimated market size, penetration and growth. Applications covered include: Polymer composite parts; Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites;  Automotive composites; Packaging films; Aerogels; Construction materials; Packaging fillers/additives; Paint and coatings additives; Deodorant sheets; Pharmaceutical additives; Renewable plastic parts/casings; Transparent films for electronics; Flexible and printed electronics; Batteries;  Flexible and paper batteries; Filtration membranes.
  • In-depth key player profiles of 85 companies, including products, current capacities and plans for new capacities, production processes, prices per kg and commercial activities. Companies profiled in the report include Asahi Kasei, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Daicel, Daiichi Kogyo, Daio Paper, GranBio Technologies, Nippon Paper, Oji Holdings, Sugino Machine, Seiko PMC and more.

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   23

  • 1.1          The current state of the market 24
  • 1.2          Industry developments 2020-21 26
  • 1.3          Future global market outlook     27
  • 1.4          Global cellulose nanofibers production   28
    • 1.4.1      Total global production capacity 2021, by type   29
    • 1.4.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2021, in metric tonnes by producer        30
    • 1.4.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2021           31
  • 1.5          Market challenges for Cellulose nanofibers          36
  • 1.6          Cellulose nanofibers commercial products            37
  • 1.7          Cellulose nanofibers market by region    41
    • 1.7.1      Japan    42
    • 1.7.2      China     44
    • 1.7.3      Malaysia              44
    • 1.7.4      Western Europe               45
    • 1.7.5      North America   45
  • 1.8          Global government funding        46
  • 1.9          Market impact from COVID-19 crisis         47

 

2              OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE               48

  • 2.1          Cellulose              48
  • 2.2          Nanocellulose   48
  • 2.3          Properties of nanocellulose         49
  • 2.4          Advantages of nanocellulose      51
  • 2.5          Manufacture of nanocellulose    51
  • 2.6          Production methods       52
  • 2.7          Types of nanocellulose  53
    • 2.7.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 55
    • 2.7.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)           56
      • 2.7.2.1   Applications       57
    • 2.7.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)       58
      • 2.7.3.1   Synthesis             58
      • 2.7.3.2   Properties           60
      • 2.7.3.3   Applications       61
    • 2.7.4      Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)    63
      • 2.7.4.1   Applications       63
  • 2.8          Synthesis             64

 

3              APPLICATIONS  68

 

4              REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS 71

  • 4.1          Standards            71
    • 4.1.1      International Standards Organization (ISO)           71
    • 4.1.2      American National Standards      71
    • 4.1.3      CSA Group          71
  • 4.2          Toxicity 72
  • 4.3          Regulation          74

 

5              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS SUPPLY CHAIN 75

 

6              CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS PRICING            78

 

7              MARKETS FOR CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS 80

  • 7.1          Composites        80
    • 7.1.1      Market overview             80
    • 7.1.2      Market prospects            81
    • 7.1.3      Market assessment        82
    • 7.1.4      Applications       86
    • 7.1.5      Global market in tons to 2031     87
    • 7.1.6      Product developers        88
  • 7.2          Automotive        90
    • 7.2.1      Market overview             90
    • 7.2.2      Market prospects            91
    • 7.2.3      Market assessment        92
    • 7.2.4      Applications       95
    • 7.2.5      Global market in tons to 2031     96
    • 7.2.6      Product developers        97
  • 7.3          Buildings and construction           101
    • 7.3.1      Market overview             101
    • 7.3.2      Market prospects            101
    • 7.3.3      Market assessment        102
    • 7.3.4      Applications       105
    • 7.3.5      Global market in tons to 2031     105
    • 7.3.6      Product developers        107
  • 7.4          Paper and board packaging          108
    • 7.4.1      Market prospects            108
    • 7.4.2      Market assessment        109
    • 7.4.3      Applications       114
    • 7.4.4      Global market in tons to 2031     115
    • 7.4.5      Product developers        116
  • 7.5          Textiles and apparel        118
    • 7.5.1      Market overview             118
    • 7.5.2      Market prospects            118
    • 7.5.3      Market assessment        119
    • 7.5.4      Applications       123
    • 7.5.5      Global market in tons to 2031     123
    • 7.5.6      Product developer profiles          125
  • 7.6          Biomedicine and healthcare        126
    • 7.6.1      Market overview             126
    • 7.6.2      Market prospects            127
    • 7.6.3      Market assessment        128
    • 7.6.4      Applications       132
    • 7.6.5      Global market in tons to 2031     133
    • 7.6.6      Product developers        134
  • 7.7          Hygiene and sanitary products   136
    • 7.7.1      Market overview             136
    • 7.7.2      Market prospects            136
    • 7.7.3      Market assessment        138
    • 7.7.4      Applications       142
    • 7.7.5      Global market in tons to 2031     142
    • 7.7.6      Product developers        144
  • 7.8          Paints and coatings         146
    • 7.8.1      Market overview             146
    • 7.8.2      Market prospects            146
    • 7.8.3      Market assessment        147
    • 7.8.4      Applications       150
    • 7.8.5      Global market in tons to 2031     150
    • 7.8.6      Product developers        152
  • 7.9          Aerogels              154
    • 7.9.1      Market overview             154
    • 7.9.2      Market prospects            154
    • 7.9.3      Market assessment        155
    • 7.9.4      Global market in tons to 2031     157
    • 7.9.5      Product developers        158
  • 7.10        Oil and gas          159
    • 7.10.1    Market overview             159
    • 7.10.2    Market prospects            159
    • 7.10.3    Market assessment        160
    • 7.10.4    Global market in tons to 2031     162
    • 7.10.5    Product developers        163
  • 7.11        Filtration              165
    • 7.11.1    Market overview             165
    • 7.11.2    Market prospects            167
    • 7.11.3    Market assessment        167
    • 7.11.4    Applications       170
    • 7.11.5    Global market in tons to 2031     171
    • 7.11.6    Product developers        172
  • 7.12        Rheology modifiers         173
    • 7.12.1    Market overview             173
    • 7.12.2    Market prospects            173
    • 7.12.3    Market assessment        174
    • 7.12.4    Applications       176
    • 7.12.5    Global market in tons to 2031     176
    • 7.12.6    Product developers        178
  • 7.13        Other markets   180
    • 7.13.1    Printed, stretchable and flexible electronics         180
      • 7.13.1.1                Market assessment        180
      • 7.13.1.2                Product developers        183
    • 7.13.2    3D printing          186
      • 7.13.2.1                Market assessment        186
      • 7.13.2.2                Product developers        188
    • 7.13.3    Aerospace          189
      • 7.13.3.1                Market assessment        189
      • 7.13.3.2                Product developers        190
    • 7.13.4    Cellulose nanofibers in batteries and supercapacitors      191
      • 7.13.4.1                Market assessment        191
      • 7.13.4.2                Product developer profiles          191

 

8              CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES       193

  • 8.1          Aichemist Metal Inc.       193
  • 8.2          ANPOLY, Inc.      193
  • 8.3          Asahi Kasei Corporation 195
  • 8.4          Betulium Oy       200
  • 8.5          BIO-LUTIONS International AG   200
  • 8.6          Borregaard ChemCell     201
  • 8.7          CELLiCON B.V.   203
  • 8.8          Cellucomp Ltd.  204
  • 8.9          Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)             207
  • 8.10        Centre Technique du Papier (CTP)            208
  • 8.11        Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.   210
  • 8.12        Daicel Corporation          214
  • 8.13        DaikyoNishikawa Corporation     216
  • 8.14        Daio Paper Corporation 217
  • 8.15        Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd.             221
  • 8.16        Denso Corporation          222
  • 8.17        DIC         222
  • 8.18        DKS Co. Ltd.        224
  • 8.19        Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd.        227
  • 8.20        Evolgene Genomics SL   229
  • 8.21        Fiberlean Technologies  229
  • 8.22        Fillerbank Limited            231
  • 8.23        Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.      232
  • 8.24        Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd             234
  • 8.25        Granbio Technologies    235
  • 8.26        GS Alliance Co. Ltd.          238
  • 8.27        Hattori Shoten K.K.         240
  • 8.28        Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift          241
  • 8.29        Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.     241
  • 8.30        Innventia AB      244
  • 8.31        The Japan Steel Works Ltd            246
  • 8.32        JeNaCell GmbH 247
  • 8.33        Kami Shoji Company       248
  • 8.34        Kao Corporation               248
  • 8.35        KRI, Inc. 251
  • 8.36        Kruger Biomaterials, Inc.               253
  • 8.37        Kusano Sakko K.K.            255
  • 8.38        Maniwa Biochemical       256
  • 8.39        Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd.           257
  • 8.40        Marusumi Paper Company Limited           258
  • 8.41        Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd.               259
  • 8.42        Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation/Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited 260
  • 8.43        Mori Machinery Co., Ltd.               263
  • 8.44        Natural Friend   265
  • 8.45        Nippon Paper Group, Inc.             266
  • 8.46        Nippon Shizai Co., Ltd     271
  • 8.47        Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd.     272
  • 8.48        Norske Skog ASA              273
  • 8.49        Omura Paint Co., Ltd.     273
  • 8.50        Onkyo Corporation          274
  • 8.51        Oji Holdings Corporation               274
  • 8.52        Osaka Gas Group             281
  • 8.53        Performance BioFilaments Inc    282
  • 8.54        Rengo Co., Ltd.  284
  • 8.55        Ripro Corporation            285
  • 8.56        Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd.        286
  • 8.57        Sanwa Kako Co. Ltd         287
  • 8.58        Sappi Limited     288
  • 8.59        Seiko PMC Corporation  288
  • 8.60        Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd.       291
  • 8.61        Shinwa Kako KK 292
  • 8.62        Starlite Co., Ltd. 293
  • 8.63        Stora Enso Oyj   293
  • 8.64        Sugino Machine Limited 295
  • 8.65        Svilosa AD           300
  • 8.66        Taiyo Holdings Co Ltd     301
  • 8.67        Tianjon Haojia Cellulose Co., Ltd.               301
  • 8.68        Tentok Paper Co. Ltd.     302
  • 8.69        Toagosei Co. Ltd.              302
  • 8.70        Tokushu Tokai Paper Co., Ltd.     303
  • 8.71        Toray Industries, Inc.      303
  • 8.72        Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.               304
  • 8.73        Toyota Boshoku Corporation      306
  • 8.74        TS TS Tech Co., Ltd.          307
  • 8.75        Ube Industries, Ltd.         308
  • 8.76        Unitika Co., Ltd. 308
  • 8.77        University of Maine Process Development Center             309
  • 8.78        UPM-Kymmene Corporation       311
  • 8.79        US Forest Products Laboratory (FPL)        314
  • 8.80        Valmet OYJ         317
  • 8.81        Verso Corporation           317
  • 8.82        VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd       318
  • 8.83        Yokohama Rubber Co. Ltd.           322
  • 8.84        Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd.            323
  • 8.85        Zelfo Technology GmbH 323

 

9              RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY 326

  • 9.1          Report scope     326
  • 9.2          Research methodology 326

 

10           REFERENCES       328

 

Tables

  • Table 1. Markets and applications for cellulose nanofibers.           24
  • Table 2. Cellulose nanofibers market in 2020-2021-industry product and production activity.         26
  • Table 3. Classification of Cellulose nanofibers applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.            27
  • Table 4. Global demand for Cellulose nanofibers in 2020, metric tonnes. 28
  • Table 5. Market segmentation by type of Cellulose nanofibers, capacities and demand 2019, metric tonnes.          29
  • Table 6. CNF production capacities in metric tonnes and production process, by producer.             30
  • Table 7. MFC production capacities in metric tonnes and production process, by producer.            31
  • Table 8. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market in metric tonnes, 2018-2031.       31
  • Table 9. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2031.                34
  • Table 10. Market and technical challenges in Cellulose nanofibers.            36
  • Table 11. Cellulose nanofibers-based commercial products.          37
  • Table 12. Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020, tons (total excludes MFC).       42
  • Table 13. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Japan.           42
  • Table 14. Cellulose nanofibers research centres, universities and companies in China.       44
  • Table 15. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Europe.        45
  • Table 16. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in North America.          46
  • Table 17. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 crisis by end user market.              47
  • Table 18. Properties and applications of nanocellulose.   50
  • Table 19. Properties of nanocellulose, by type.   50
  • Table 20. Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials. 51
  • Table 21. Types of nanocellulose.              53
  • Table 22. Types of nanocellulose.              55
  • Table 23. Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).        57
  • Table 24. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).     59
  • Table 25. CNC sources, size and yield.      60
  • Table 26. CNC properties.             60
  • Table 27. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         61
  • Table 28. Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).               62
  • Table 29. Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). 63
  • Table 30. Market opportunity assessment for Cellulose nanofibers, by application.             68
  • Table 31. Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose.          72
  • Table 32. Global Cellulose nanofibers market supply chain analysis.           75
  • Table 33. Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.        78
  • Table 34. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.         80
  • Table 35. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.   81
  • Table 36. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in composites.          81
  • Table 37. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   82
  • Table 38. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2031 (metric tonnes).         87
  • Table 39. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers composites.            88
  • Table 40. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in automotive.            91
  • Table 41. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in automotive.          91
  • Table 42. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs.   92
  • Table 43. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector 2018-2031 (tons).        96
  • Table 44. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in the automotive industry.            97
  • Table 45. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in construction.          101
  • Table 46. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in construction          101
  • Table 47. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs    102
  • Table 48: Market demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2031 (tons).       105
  • Table 49. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers in construction.      107
  • Table 50. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers. 108
  • Table 51. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging.            108
  • Table 52. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs.              109
  • Table 53. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paper & board packaging, 2018-2031 (tons). 115
  • Table 54. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paper and board.           116
  • Table 55. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel.            118
  • Table 56. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel.          118
  • Table 57. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.          119
  • Table 58. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in textiles, 2018-2031 (tons). 123
  • Table 59. Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel. 125
  • Table 60. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare.  126
  • Table 61. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare. 127
  • Table 62. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs.   128
  • Table 63. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2031 (tons).   133
  • Table 64. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in medicine and healthcare.   134
  • Table 65. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in the hygiene and sanitary products market. 136
  • Table 66. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products.     137
  • Table 67. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products -application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs.   138
  • Table 68. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene, 2018-2031 (tons).  143
  • Table 69. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in hygiene and sanitary products.         144
  • Table 70. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings.             146
  • Table 71. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings.           146
  • Table 72. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs.        147
  • Table 73. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2031 (tons).             150
  • Table 74. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.     152
  • Table 75. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels.  154
  • Table 76. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels. 154
  • Table 77. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs.   155
  • Table 78. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2031 (tons). 157
  • Table 79. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in aerogels.    158
  • Table 80. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas.              159
  • Table 81. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas.             159
  • Table 82. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs.   160
  • Table 83. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2031 (tons).      162
  • Table 84. Cellulose nanofibers product developers in oil and gas exploration.       163
  • Table 85. CNF membranes.          166
  • Table 86. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in filtration.  166
  • Table 87. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in filtration. 167
  • Table 88. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.   167
  • Table 89: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2031 (tons).         171
  • Table 90. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in filtration.           172
  • Table 91. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.              173
  • Table 92. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.            174
  • Table 93. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs.              174
  • Table 94. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2031 (tons).     176
  • Table 95. Commercial activity in cellulose nanofibers rheology modifiers.               178
  • Table 96. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper). 180
  • Table 97. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs.  181
  • Table 98. Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.        183
  • Table 99. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.   186
  • Table 100. Companies developing cellulose nanofibers 3D printing products.        188
  • Table 101. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.   189
  • Table 102: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in aircraft and aerospace.             190
  • Table 103. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in batteries and supercapacitors-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.              191
  • Table 104: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in batteries and supercapacitors.              191
  • Table 105: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.      236
  • Table 106: Oji Holdings CNF products.     279

 

Figures

  • Figure 1. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tonnes.      29
  • Figure 2. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC in metric tonnes by market, 2018-2031.     33
  • Figure 3. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2031.              35
  • Figure 5. Dorayaki.           37
  • Figure 6. ENASAVE NEXT.              38
  • Figure 7. GEL-KAYANO™.              38
  • Figure 8. Kirekira! toilet wipes.   39
  • Figure 9. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet.   39
  • Figure 10. SC-3 (B) speakers.       39
  • Figure 11. SE-MONITOR5 headphones.   40
  • Figure 12. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers. 40
  • Figure 13. "SURISURI" Lotion.     40
  • Figure 14. Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020.           42
  • Figure 15. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit. 48
  • Figure 16. Scale of cellulose materials.    49
  • Figure 17. Types of nanocellulose.            54
  • Figure 18. Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.            54
  • Figure 19. CNF gel.           56
  • Figure 20. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 58
  • Figure 21. CNC preparation.        58
  • Figure 22. Extracting CNC from trees.      60
  • Figure 23. CNC slurry.     62
  • Figure 24. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials.   64
  • Figure 25. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose.           67
  • Figure 26. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in composites.      86
  • Figure 27. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2031 (metric tonnes).       88
  • Figure 28. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid).         89
  • Figure 29. CNF resin products.    90
  • Figure 30. Interior of NCV concept car.    91
  • Figure 31. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.  95
  • Figure 32. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector, 2018-2031 (tons).    97
  • Figure 33: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car.             97
  • Figure 34: CNF composite.           98
  • Figure 35: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.           98
  • Figure 36. The structure of the CNF-based front hood.    99
  • Figure 37. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project. 100
  • Figure 38. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       102
  • Figure 39. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in construction.    105
  • Figure 40. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2031 (tons).     106
  • Figure 41. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging.       114
  • Figure 42. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2031 (tons).      115
  • Figure 43. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel.      123
  • Figure 44. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the textiles, 2018-2031 (tons).        124
  • Figure 45. CNF deodorant products.        125
  • Figure 46. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare.            132
  • Figure 47. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2031 (tons).  133
  • Figure 48. Fibnano.         135
  • Figure 49. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products. 142
  • Figure 50. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene, 2018-2031 (tons). 143
  • Figure 51. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings.       150
  • Figure 52. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2031 (tons).            151
  • Figure 53. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.        153
  • Figure 54: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2031 (tons). 158
  • Figure 55. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2031 (tons).    163
  • Figure 56. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery.    164
  • Figure 57. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in filtration.            170
  • Figure 58. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2031 (tons).        172
  • Figure 59. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw.             172
  • Figure 60. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.       176
  • Figure 61. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2031(tons).      177
  • Figure 62. "SURISURI" products. 179
  • Figure 63. Foldable nanopaper antenna. 181
  • Figure 64: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF. 184
  • Figure 65. Oji CNF transparent sheets.    184
  • Figure 66. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.          185
  • Figure 67: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  194
  • Figure 68. MEDICELLU™.               194
  • Figure 69: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  196
  • Figure 70: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 197
  • Figure 71: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              197
  • Figure 72. CNF nonwoven fabric.               198
  • Figure 73. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.               202
  • Figure 74. nanoforest products. 211
  • Figure 75. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.             212
  • Figure 76. nanoforest-S. 212
  • Figure 77. nanoforest-PDP.         213
  • Figure 78. nanoforest-MB.           213
  • Figure 79. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.    215
  • Figure 80. Celish.              215
  • Figure 81: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   216
  • Figure 82. Daio Paper CNF production process.   218
  • Figure 83. ELLEX products.           219
  • Figure 84. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            220
  • Figure 85. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 220
  • Figure 86. Color CNF.      221
  • Figure 87. DIC Products CNF production process.               223
  • Figure 88. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 225
  • Figure 89: Rheocrysta spray.       226
  • Figure 90. DKS CNF products.      226
  • Figure 91: CNF based on citrus peel.        228
  • Figure 92. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.       228
  • Figure 93. Imerys CNF production process.           230
  • Figure 94. Filler Bank CNC products.         232
  • Figure 95: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  233
  • Figure 96: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.                234
  • Figure 97. Granbio CNF production process.         237
  • Figure 98: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.                239
  • Figure 99. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer). 240
  • Figure 100: CNF gel.        242
  • Figure 101: Block nanocellulose material.              243
  • Figure 102: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.           243
  • Figure 103. Innventia CNF production process.    245
  • Figure 104: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.       246
  • Figure 105. Kami Shoji CNF products.      248
  • Figure 106. Dual Graft System.   249
  • Figure 107: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.        250
  • Figure 108. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).           251
  • Figure 109: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).     252
  • Figure 110. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.      254
  • Figure 111. CNF deodorant.         256
  • Figure 112. Chitin nanofiber product.      257
  • Figure 113. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.            259
  • Figure 114. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder. 260
  • Figure 115. Cellulomix production process.           261
  • Figure 116. Nanobase versus conventional products.       262
  • Figure 117. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307.       263
  • Figure 118: CNF slurries.               264
  • Figure 119. Range of CNF products.          264
  • Figure 120: Nanocell serum product.       265
  • Figure 121: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.        267
  • Figure 122: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.    267
  • Figure 123. Nippon Paper CNF production process.           269
  • Figure 124: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.          271
  • Figure 125. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF.  272
  • Figure 126. CNF paint product.   273
  • Figure 127: CNF wet powder.     275
  • Figure 128: CNF transparent film.              275
  • Figure 129: Transparent CNF sheets.       276
  • Figure 130. Oji Paper CNF production process.    277
  • Figure 131: CNF clear sheets.      279
  • Figure 132. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.       281
  • Figure 133: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.              282
  • Figure 134. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.  283
  • Figure 135: XCNF.            285
  • Figure 136: CNF insulation flat plates.     286
  • Figure 137. Seiko PMC CNF production process. 289
  • Figure 138. Manufacturing process for STARCEL. 290
  • Figure 139: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.        292
  • Figure 140. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.      293
  • Figure 141. Stora Enso CNF production process. 294
  • Figure 142. Sugino Machine CNF production process.      296
  • Figure 143: High Pressure Water Jet Process.       296
  • Figure 144: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.       297
  • Figure 145. BiNFi-s Dry Powder. 297
  • Figure 146. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.          298
  • Figure 147: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.       298
  • Figure 148: SVILOSA AD CNC products.   300
  • Figure 149: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.  305
  • Figure 150: CNF/nanosilver powder.       305
  • Figure 151: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.     306
  • Figure 152: CNF resin products. 309
  • Figure 153. University of Maine CNF production process.               310
  • Figure 154. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.      312
  • Figure 155. FibDex® wound dressing.      313
  • Figure 156. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          315
  • Figure 157: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.               316
  • Figure 158. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.         318
  • Figure 159. VTT CNF production process.               320
  • Figure 160: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.     321
  • Figure 161: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.        322
  • Figure 162. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       324

 

 

 

The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
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The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
Print edition (including tracked delivery).

The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2021
PDF and download (Including tracked delivery). Enterprise-wide licence.

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