The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2020

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Published March 4 2020 | 322 pages, 89 tables, 151 figures

Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) are sustainable materials with high mechanical strength (stronger than steel), high aspect ratios, high transparency, and high chemical resistance and impressive rheological, optical, film-forming properties. They are also lightweight and have made a recent impact in industrial applications and in biopolymer, bio-composites and nanomaterials research.
Industrial products have been introduced to the market recently in packaging, composites and thermoplastics, biomedicine and hygiene, mainly in the Japan market. Advanced applications in paper batteries and flexible electronics are also expected once current processing challenges have been overcome.

Cellulose nanofiber production is now at the industrial scale, with numerous large paper manufacturers multi-ton production facilities globally. Japanese chemicals manufacturers are also developing cellulose nanofiber production. Facilities have also been established in Europe (mainly Scandinavia), Canada and the United States.

Report contents include:

  • Global production capacities, by producer, current and planned.
  • Production volumes by region.
  • Current products.
  • Stage of commercialization for cellulose nanofiber applications by company.
  • CNF applications by industry.
  • Demand in tons per market. 
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • Competitive landscape of CNF by market, volumes, key trends and growth. Potential for CNF to gain market share by market volume across all end user markets.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for CNF including potential revenues, growth rates, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • In-depth analysis of market by applications including estimated market size, penetration and growth. Applications covered include: Polymer composite parts; Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites;  Automotive composites; Packaging films; Aerogels; Construction materials; Packaging fillers/additives; Paint and coatings additives; Deodorant sheets; Pharmaceutical additives; Renewable plastic parts/casings; Transparent films for electronics; Flexible and printed electronics; Batteries;  Flexible and paper batteries; Filtration membranes.
  • In-depth key player profiles of 85 companies, including products, current capacities and plans for new capacities, production processes, prices per kg and commercial activities. Companies profiled in the report include American Process, Inc., Imerys, Innventia AB, Asahi Kasei, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Daicel, Daiichi Kogyo, Daio Paper, Nippon Paper, Oji Holdings, Sugino Machine, Seiko PMC, StoraEnso and Borregaard.

 

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1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY................................................................... 22

1.1    The market in 2019............................................................................................................................ 24

1.2    Future global market outlook............................................................................................................. 26

1.3    Global cellulose nanofibers production............................................................................................. 27

1.3.1      Total global production capacity 2019, by type........................................................................ 28

1.3.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2019, by producer.................................... 29

1.3.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2019................................................... 30

1.4    Global cellulose nanofibers market demand, 2018–2030, tons........................................................ 30

1.5    Market challenges for cellulose nanofibers....................................................................................... 31

1.6    Cellulose nanofiber commercial products......................................................................................... 33

1.7    Cellulose nanofibers market by region.............................................................................................. 37

1.7.1      Japan........................................................................................................................................ 37

1.7.2      China......................................................................................................................................... 39

1.7.3      Malaysia.................................................................................................................................... 39

1.7.4      Western Europe........................................................................................................................ 40

1.7.5      North America........................................................................................................................... 40

1.8    Global government funding............................................................................................................... 41

2    OVERVIEW OF CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS.................................. 42

2.1    Cellulose............................................................................................................................................ 42

2.2    Nanocellulose.................................................................................................................................... 43

2.3    Manufacture of cellulose nanofibers.................................................................................................. 46

2.3.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)................................................................................................ 48

2.3.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)...................................................................................................... 48

2.3.2.1        Applications..................................................................................................................... 49

3    REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS................................................. 50

3.1    Standards........................................................................................................................................... 50

3.1.1      International Standards Organization (ISO)............................................................................. 50

3.1.2      American National Standards................................................................................................... 50

3.1.3      CSA Group............................................................................................................................... 50

3.2    Toxicity............................................................................................................................................... 51

3.3    Regulation.......................................................................................................................................... 53

4    CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS SUPPLY CHAIN................................. 54

5    CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS PRICING............................................. 56

6    PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS...................................................... 58

7    CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN COMPOSITES............................... 62

7.1    Market overview................................................................................................................................. 62

7.2    Market prospects............................................................................................................................... 63

7.3    Market assessment............................................................................................................................ 64

7.4    Applications map............................................................................................................................... 68

7.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030...................................................................... 68

7.6    Product developer profiles................................................................................................................. 70

8    CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN AUTOMOTIVE............................... 72

8.1    Market overview................................................................................................................................. 72

8.2    Market prospects............................................................................................................................... 73

8.3    Market assessment............................................................................................................................ 73

8.4    Applications map............................................................................................................................... 76

8.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030...................................................................... 76

8.6    Product developer profiles................................................................................................................. 78

9    CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN CONSTRUCTION.......................... 82

9.1    Market overview................................................................................................................................. 82

9.2    Market prospects............................................................................................................................... 82

9.3    Market assessment............................................................................................................................ 83

9.4    Applications map............................................................................................................................... 86

9.5    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030...................................................................... 86

9.6    Product developer profiles................................................................................................................. 88

10 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING 89

10.1       Market prospects........................................................................................................................... 89

10.2       Market assessment....................................................................................................................... 90

10.3       Applications map........................................................................................................................... 95

10.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030................................................................. 96

10.5       Product developer profiles............................................................................................................ 97

11 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS TEXTILES AND APPAREL................ 99

11.1       Market overview............................................................................................................................ 99

11.2       Market prospects........................................................................................................................... 99

11.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 100

11.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 104

11.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 104

11.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 106

12 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE. 107

12.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 107

12.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 108

12.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 109

12.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 113

12.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 114

12.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 116

13 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PAINTS AND COATINGS............ 118

13.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 118

13.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 118

13.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 119

13.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 122

13.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 123

13.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 124

14 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN AEROGELS................................. 126

14.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 126

14.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 126

14.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 127

14.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 129

14.5       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 130

15 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN OIL AND GAS.............................. 131

15.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 131

15.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 131

15.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 132

15.4       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 134

15.5       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 135

16 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN FILTRATION................................ 137

16.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 137

16.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 139

16.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 139

16.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 142

16.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 143

16.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 144

17 CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMA AND FOOD ADDITIVES............................... 145

17.1       Market overview.......................................................................................................................... 145

17.2       Market prospects......................................................................................................................... 146

17.3       Market assessment..................................................................................................................... 146

17.4       Applications map......................................................................................................................... 148

17.5       Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030............................................................... 148

17.6       Product developer profiles.......................................................................................................... 150

18 OTHER MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE................................ 152

18.1       CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS 152

18.1.1    Market assessment................................................................................................................ 152

18.1.2    Product developer profiles...................................................................................................... 155

18.2       CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN 3D PRINTING......................................................................... 158

18.2.1    Market assessment................................................................................................................ 158

18.2.2    Product developer profiles...................................................................................................... 160

18.3       CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN AEROSPACE.......................................................................... 161

18.3.1    Market assessment................................................................................................................ 161

18.3.2    Product developer profiles...................................................................................................... 162

19 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES....................... 163

20 RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY................................. 282

20.1       Report scope............................................................................................................................... 282

20.2       Research methodology............................................................................................................... 282

21 REFERENCES................................................................................ 284

 

TABLES

Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications........... 23

Table 2. Markets and applications for cellulose nanofibers............................................................................ 24

Table 3. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption........................................................................................................................... 26

Table 4: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in 2019, tons...................................................................... 27

Table 5: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018................................ 28

Table 6. CNF production capacities and production process, by producer.................................................... 29

Table 7: MFC production capacities and production process, by producer................................................... 30

Table 8: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.............................................. 30

Table 9: Market and technical challenges in cellulose nanofibers.................................................................. 32

Table 10: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2019, tons (total excludes MFC)................................ 37

Table 11. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Japan................................................. 37

Table 12. Cellulose nanofiber research centres, universities and companies in China................................. 39

Table 13. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in Europe............................................... 40

Table 14. Cellulose nanofibers producers and product developers in North America................................... 40

Table 15. Types of nanocellulose and dimensions......................................................................................... 43

Table 16: Types of nanocellulose and properties........................................................................................... 45

Table 17: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)..................................................................................... 49

Table 18: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose......................................................................................... 51

Table 19: Global cellulose nanofibers market supply chain analysis............................................................. 54

Table 20: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers................................................. 56

Table 21: Nanocellulose patents and scientific articles by organisation........................................................ 60

Table 22: Main patent assignees for CNF....................................................................................................... 61

Table 23. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.......................................................................... 62

Table 24. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials........................................... 62

Table 25. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in composites.......................................................................... 63

Table 26. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.......................................................................................................................... 64

Table 27: Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)........................ 68

Table 28: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers composites............................................................... 70

Table 29. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in automotive................................................................. 72

Table 30. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in automotive........................................................................... 73

Table 31. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs........................................................................................................................... 73

Table 32: Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons)......... 76

Table 33: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in the automotive industry......................... 78

Table 34. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in construction............................................................... 82

Table 35. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in construction......................................................................... 82

Table 36. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs......................................................................................................................... 83

Table 37: Market demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)................................... 86

Table 38: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers in construction.......................................................... 88

Table 39. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers....................................................................................... 89

Table 40. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging................................................ 89

Table 41. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs........................................................... 90

Table 42: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paper & board packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).............. 96

Table 43: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paper and board.................................... 97

Table 44. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel................................................... 99

Table 45. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel............................................................. 99

Table 46. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.................................................................................... 100

Table 47: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).................................................... 104

Table 48: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel....................................... 106

Table 49. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare......................................... 107

Table 50. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare................................................... 108

Table 51. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs.............................................................. 109

Table 52: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)............... 114

Table 53: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons).............. 115

Table 54: Cellulose nanofibers product developers in medicine and healthcare......................................... 116

Table 55. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings................................................. 118

Table 56. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings........................................................... 118

Table 57. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs.................................................................................... 119

Table 58: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)....................... 123

Table 59: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.............................................................................................................. 124

Table 60. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels................................................................... 126

Table 61. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels............................................................................. 126

Table 62. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs............................................................................................................................. 127

Table 63: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)....................................... 129

Table 64: cellulose nanofibers product developers in aerogels.................................................................... 130

Table 65. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas............................................................... 131

Table 66. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas......................................................................... 131

Table 67. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs......................................................................................................................... 132

Table 68: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)................. 134

Table 69: Cellulose nanofibers product developers in oil and gas exploration............................................ 135

Table 70. CNF membranes........................................................................................................................... 138

Table 71. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in filtration.................................................................... 138

Table 72. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in filtration.............................................................................. 139

Table 73. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.............................................................................................................................. 139

Table 74: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)...................... 143

Table 75: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in filtration................................................ 144

Table 76. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers................................................... 145

Table 77. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers............................................................. 146

Table 78. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs........................................................................................ 146

Table 79: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)..... 148

Table 80: Commercial activity in cellulose nanofibers rheology modifiers................................................... 150

Table 81. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)........................................ 152

Table 82. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs. 153

Table 83: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.................................................................................................................................................................. 155

Table 84. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs......................................................................................................................... 158

Table 85: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers 3D printing products............................................... 160

Table 86. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.......................................................................................................................... 161

Table 87: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in aircraft and aerospace........................ 162

Table 88: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes................................................................................................ 164

Table 89: Oji Holdings CNF products............................................................................................................ 239

 

FIGURES

Figure 1: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2019............................... 28

Figure 2: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030............................................. 31

Figure 3: Cellulose nanofiber-based commercial products............................................................................. 33

Figure 4. Dorayaki........................................................................................................................................... 33

Figure 5. ENASAVE NEXT............................................................................................................................. 33

Figure 6. GEL-KAYANO™.............................................................................................................................. 34

Figure 7. Kirekira! toilet wipes......................................................................................................................... 35

Figure 8. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet.................................................................................. 35

Figure 9. SC-3 (B) speakers............................................................................................................................ 35

Figure 10. SE-MONITOR5 headphones......................................................................................................... 36

Figure 11. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers............................................................................................ 36

Figure 12. "SURISURI" Lotion......................................................................................................................... 36

Figure 13: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit.................................................................................. 42

Figure 14: Types of nanocellulose.................................................................................................................. 44

Figure 15: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses................................................................ 44

Figure 16: Scale of cellulose materials............................................................................................................ 46

Figure 17. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose............................................................................ 48

Figure 18: CNF gel.......................................................................................................................................... 48

Figure 19: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature............................................................................................................................................ 58

Figure 20. Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 2009-2018........................................................ 59

Figure 21:  Nanocellulose patents by field of application................................................................................ 59

Figure 22. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in composites....................................................................... 68

Figure 23: Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)....................... 69

Figure 24. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid)................................................................................................ 70

Figure 25: CNF resin products........................................................................................................................ 71

Figure 26. Interior of NCV concept car............................................................................................................ 72

Figure 27. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.................................................................................. 76

Figure 28: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons)................... 77

Figure 29: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car..................................... 78

Figure 30: CNF composite............................................................................................................................... 79

Figure 31: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins......................................................................... 79

Figure 32. The structure of the CNF-based front hood................................................................................... 80

Figure 33. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project............................................................................................................................... 80

Figure 34. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.................................................................................................................................................................... 83

Figure 35. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in construction...................................................................... 86

Figure 36: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)............................................. 87

Figure 37. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging............................................. 96

Figure 38: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)....... 97

Figure 39. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in textiles and apparel........................................................ 104

Figure 40: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons)............................................. 105

Figure 41: CNF deodorant products.............................................................................................................. 106

Figure 42. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare................................................ 113

Figure 43: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons).............. 114

Figure 44: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons).............. 115

Figure 45. Fibnano......................................................................................................................................... 117

Figure 46. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings........................................................ 122

Figure 47: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)...................... 123

Figure 48. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.................... 125

Figure 49: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)...................................... 130

Figure 50: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)................ 135

Figure 51. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery................ 136

Figure 52. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in filtration........................................................................... 143

Figure 53: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)..................... 144

Figure 54. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw........................................................................................ 144

Figure 55. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers.......................................................... 148

Figure 56: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)... 149

Figure 57. "SURISURI" products................................................................................................................... 151

Figure 58: Foldable nanopaper antenna....................................................................................................... 153

Figure 59: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF............................................................................. 156

Figure 60. Oji CNF transparent sheets.......................................................................................................... 156

Figure 61. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials......................................................... 157

Figure 62. American Process, Inc. CNF production process........................................................................ 165

Figure 63: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel............................................................................................ 168

Figure 64. MEDICELLU™............................................................................................................................. 168

Figure 65: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.......................................................................................... 170

Figure 66: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet...................................................................................................... 170

Figure 67: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.................................................. 171

Figure 68: CNF nonwoven fabric................................................................................................................... 172

Figure 69. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process........................................................................... 175

Figure 70. nanoforest products...................................................................................................................... 182

Figure 71. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process......................................................................... 182

Figure 72. nanoforest-S................................................................................................................................. 183

Figure 73. nanoforest-PDP............................................................................................................................ 183

Figure 74. nanoforest-MB.............................................................................................................................. 184

Figure 75. Daicel Corporation CNF production process............................................................................... 185

Figure 76. Celish............................................................................................................................................ 186

Figure 77: Trunk lid incorporating CNF......................................................................................................... 187

Figure 78. Daio Paper CNF production process........................................................................................... 188

Figure 79. ELLEX products........................................................................................................................... 189

Figure 80. CNF-reinforced PP compounds................................................................................................... 189

Figure 81. Kirekira! toilet wipes..................................................................................................................... 190

Figure 82. Color CNF..................................................................................................................................... 191

Figure 83. DIC Products CNF production process........................................................................................ 193

Figure 84. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process........................................................................................ 195

Figure 85: Rheocrysta spray......................................................................................................................... 195

Figure 86. DKS CNF products....................................................................................................................... 196

Figure 87: CNF based on citrus peel............................................................................................................. 197

Figure 88. Imerys CNF production process.................................................................................................. 199

Figure 89. Filler Bank CNC products............................................................................................................. 200

Figure 90: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).................................................... 202

Figure 91: CNF products from Furukawa Electric......................................................................................... 203

Figure 92: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.................................................................................................................................................. 204

Figure 93. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer).................................... 205

Figure 94: CNF gel........................................................................................................................................ 206

Figure 95: Block nanocellulose material....................................................................................................... 207

Figure 96: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu........................................................................................ 207

Figure 97. Innventia CNF production process............................................................................................... 209

Figure 98: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant........................................................................ 210

Figure 99. Kami Shoji CNF products............................................................................................................. 213

Figure 100: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins..................................................................... 214

Figure 101: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)... 215

Figure 102. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process................................................................... 216

Figure 103. CNF deodorant........................................................................................................................... 218

Figure 104. Chitin nanofiber product............................................................................................................. 219

Figure 105. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.......................................................................... 220

Figure 106. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder........................................................................................... 221

Figure 107. Cellulomix production process................................................................................................... 222

Figure 108. Nanobase versus conventional products................................................................................... 223

Figure 109. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307............................................................................................................ 223

Figure 110: CNF slurries............................................................................................................................... 224

Figure 111. Range of CNF products............................................................................................................. 225

Figure 112: Nanocell serum product............................................................................................................. 226

Figure 113: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp..................................................................................... 227

Figure 114: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic................................................................................ 227

Figure 115. Nippon Paper CNF production process..................................................................................... 229

Figure 116: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers...................................................................................... 231

Figure 117. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF........................................................................................... 232

Figure 118. CNF paint product...................................................................................................................... 233

Figure 119: CNF wet powder......................................................................................................................... 235

Figure 120: CNF transparent film.................................................................................................................. 235

Figure 121: Transparent CNF sheets............................................................................................................ 236

Figure 122. Oji Paper CNF production process............................................................................................ 237

Figure 123: CNF clear sheets........................................................................................................................ 239

Figure 124: Fluorene cellulose ® powder..................................................................................................... 241

Figure 125. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process................................................................. 242

Figure 126: XCNF.......................................................................................................................................... 244

Figure 127: CNF insulation flat plates........................................................................................................... 246

Figure 128. Seiko PMC CNF production process......................................................................................... 249

Figure 129: Rubber soles incorporating CNF................................................................................................ 251

Figure 130. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.................................................................................. 252

Figure 131. Stora Enso CNF production process......................................................................................... 253

Figure 132. Sugino Machine CNF production process................................................................................. 255

Figure 133: High Pressure Water Jet Process.............................................................................................. 255

Figure 134: 2 wt.% CNF suspension............................................................................................................ 256

Figure 135. BiNFi-s Dry Powder.................................................................................................................... 256

Figure 136. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet......................................................... 257

Figure 137: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material...................................................................... 257

Figure 138: SVILOSA AD CNC products...................................................................................................... 259

Figure 139: Silver / CNF composite dispersions........................................................................................... 263

Figure 140: CNF/nanosilver powder.............................................................................................................. 263

Figure 141: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.................................................................... 264

Figure 142: CNF resin products.................................................................................................................... 266

Figure 143. University of Maine CNF production process............................................................................ 268

Figure 144. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.................................................................................. 270

Figure 145. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process............................................ 272

Figure 146: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF........................................................................... 273

Figure 147. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches................................................................................... 275

Figure 148. VTT CNF production process.................................................................................................... 276

Figure 149: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test................. 277

Figure 150: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.............................. 278

Figure 151. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.................................................................... 280

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2020
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2020
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The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2020
The Global Market for Cellulose Nanofibers 2020
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