Traditional textiles simply function as a covering material. Based on the rapidly changing global demands and due to advanced technological improvements, the development of integrated electronics and responsive functionality on textiles has led to the emergence of E-textiles and smart textiles accommodating the revolution we are witnessing in wearable electronics. The development of high value-added products such as smart fabrics and clothing, wearable consumer and medical devices and protective textiles has increased rapidly in the last decade. Recent advances in stimuli-responsive surfaces and interfaces, sensors and actuators, flexible electronics, nanocoatings and conductive nanomaterials has led to the development of a new generation of smart and adaptive electronic fibers, yarns and fabrics for application in E-textiles.
Advances in the ability to free-form print circuit processes enables electronic systems to be assembled directly onto textile items. This type of technology, “E-textiles,” will compete with existing wearable devices that have dominated the market (smartwatches and fitness trackers), as a more discrete alternative to health and physiological monitoring. Electronic textiles incorporate interdisciplinary studies such as textiles, nano/micro technologies, computing systems, and communications and information technologies. These textiles contribute to help communication such as health surveillance, safety, comfort, and leisure.
E-textiles monitor heart health (heart rate, heart rate variability, electrocardiogram), activity recognition and measurement, sleep stage and sleep quality detection, drug adherence, stress level monitor and body temperature measurement, chemical sensing and can return heat and stimulus through the very fibers of textile products.
Covered in The Global Market for Electronic Textiles (E-textiles) and Smart Clothing 2023-2033 are smart and wearable electronic textiles that encompass systems with various functionalities:
sensors that detect pressure, temperature and humidity, strain,
chemical and bio-sensors,
data processing and networking,
mechanical actuation based on shape memory materials or electro-active polymers,
thermal and energy generation, as well as energy storage
Report contents include:
Market drivers and trends in electronic textiles (E-textiles) and smart clothing.
Investment and product developments 2020-2023.
Materials and components analysis.
Applications and markets including smart clothing products, heated clothing, sports and fitness, smart footwear, military, medical and healthcare, workplace monitoring & protection, motion capture, soft exoskeletons, wearable advertising and power sources for E-textiles.
Global market revenues by sector, historical and forecast to 2033.
152 company profiles including AiQ Synertial, AI Silk Corporation, Fieldsheer Apparel Technologies, Hexoskin, Infi-Tex, Kymira, Liquid Wire, Loomia, Lumeotech, Myant, Inc., Nanoleq AG, Nyokas Technologies, Orpyx Medical Technologies Inc., Sensing Tex, Sensoria Inc., TactoTek Oy, Tyme Wear and ZOZO Group.
1 MARKET TERMS AND DEFINITIONS 24
2 MARKET STANDARDIZATION 26
2.1 E-textiles 26
2.2 Printed electronics 27
2.3 E-textile wearables 27
2.4 Embroidered e-textiles 28
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 29
3.1 The evolution of electronic textiles 30
3.2 The wearables revolution 33
3.2.1 Wearable electronics market leaders 35
3.3 The history of E-textiles 35
3.4 Wearable electronics in the textiles industry 38
3.4.1 Textiles in the Internet of Things 40
3.5 Types of E-Textile products 45
3.5.1 Embedded e-textiles 46
3.5.2 Laminated e-textiles 46
3.6 Market drivers and trends 47
3.7 Main markets 49
3.7.1 Healthcare (Biometric monitoring) 50
3.7.2 Entertainment 51
3.7.3 Heated clothing 52
3.7.4 Illuminated textiles 53
3.8 Performance requirements for E-textiles 53
3.9 Growth prospects and future outlook for electronic textiles 54
3.10 E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2023 55
4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 57
5 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS 58
5.1 Integrating electronics for E-Textiles 58
5.1.1 Textile-adapted 60
5.1.2 Textile-integrated 60
5.1.3 Textile-based 60
5.2 Manufacturing of E-textiles 60
5.2.1 Integration of conductive polymers and inks 61
5.2.2 Integration of conductive yarns and conductive filament fibers 63
5.2.3 Integration of conductive sheets 64
5.3 Flexible and stretchable electronics 64
5.4 E-textiles materials and components 68
5.4.1 Conductive and stretchable fibers and yarns 69
Table 59. Advantages and disadvantages of batteries for E-textiles. 212
Table 60. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance. 214
Table 61. Advantages and disadvantages of photovoltaic, piezoelectric, triboelectric, and thermoelectric energy harvesting in of e-textiles. 216
Table 62. Teslasuit. 223
Table 63. Pet wearable companies and products. 223
Table 64. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2033, revenues by sector (billions USD). 225
Table 65. Market and technical challenges for E-textiles and smart clothing. 227
List of Figures
Figure 1. Evolution of electronics. 31
Figure 2. Wearable technology inventions. 32
Figure 3. Timeline of the different generations of electronic textiles. 36
Figure 4. Examples of each generation of electronic textiles. 36
Figure 5. (a) Total research papers and patents yearly publications in past 10 years in area of e-textiles and smart textiles or intelligent garments. (b) Total research articles and patents published in the area of e-textiles, smart textiles and intelligent garments. (b) Total research articles and patents published in the area of e-textiles, smart textiles and intelligent garments for healthcare and fitness applications. 38
Figure 6. Applications of wearable flexible sensors worn on various body parts. 39
Figure 7. Systemization of wearable electronic systems. 40
Figure 8. Conductive yarns. 42
Figure 9. E-textile applications. 49
Figure 10. Baby Monitor. 50
Figure 11. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors. 51