The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products

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Modern technological requirements, together with the consumers’ demands for systems and machines that are more energy efficient, stronger, lightweight, cost-effective, etc., dictate demand for new and advanced materials.

Many products used in everyday life now incorporate nanomaterials/nanoparticles/nanopowders. Cosmetics, protective coatings, pharmaceuticals, sunscreens, personal care products, high-definition televisions, are examples of end products containing nano-sized particles (NPs), that are generally added to improve the product quality.

The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products is an indepth assessment of the current and future market for commercially produced nanomaterials (e.g. graphene, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots) and nanomaterials-based products (e.g. quantum dot TVs, self-cleaning coatings, cosmetics, carbon nanocomposites).

Publication Date: November 22 2019 | Content: 800 pages, 185 tables, 468 figures | Table of contents

The report offers:

  • In-depth analysis of the global market for nanomaterials and nanomaterials-based products, applications, producers, product developers and products
  • Nanomaterials applications by industry, matrix material and product. Applications are assessed for technology and market readiness, and potential market volume in terms of nanomaterials consumption by application.
  • Readiness of nanomaterials-based solution for each industry and nanomaterials working concentration in material application. Contribution of nanomaterials to improved performance in each application.
  • Assessment of nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles. Nanomaterials covered include aluminium oxide nanoparticles, antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, bismuth oxide nanoparticles, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), cerium oxide nanoparticles, cobalt oxide nanoparticles, copper oxide nanoparticles, dendrimers, fullerenes, gold nanoparticles,  graphene, iron oxide nanoparticles, magnesium oxide nanoparticles, manganese oxide nanoparticles, nanocellulose (Cellulose nanofibes, cellulose nanocrystals, bacterial cellulose), nanoclays, nanodiamonds, nanofibers, nanosilver, nanowires, nickel nanoparticles, quantum dots, silicon oxide nanoparticles, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), titanium dioxide nanoparticles , zinc oxide nanoparticles, zirconium oxide nanoparticles, Erbium oxide nanoparticles, Indium oxide nanoparticles, Neodymium(III) oxide nanoparticles, Tantalum nanoparticles, Terbium oxide nanoparticles, Tin oxide nanoparticles, Yttrium oxide nanoparticles
  • Examples of successful markets and products. Markets covered include adhesives, aerospace and aviation, automotive, batteries, biomedicine and healthcare, coatings, composites, construction, building protection and architectural coatings, cosmetics and sunscreens, electronics and photonics, filtration and environmental remediation, food and agriculture, fuel cells, household care and sanitary, lubricants, oil and gas exploration, packaging, sensors, solar, supercapacitors. textiles & apparel, tools & manufacturing, 3D printing, catalysts, wire & cable, sporting goods, wind energy and thermoelectrics.
  • Competitive landscape for nanomaterials among other similar additives. Brief description of each of these markets, their target applications, values and volumes, key trends and growth. Potential of nanomaterials to gain market share.
  • Selling grade particle diameters for nanomaterials, usage, advantages of nanomaterials, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications.
  • Analysis of global trends, including historical data from 2010, and projections to 2030.
  • Exploration of nanomaterials and nanotech-based products market structures and value chains.
  • Collaborations in nanotechnology enabled product development.
  • Assessment of end user markets for nanotechnology and nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
  • Main application and product opportunities in nanomaterials.
  • Profiles of over 1,000 nanomaterials manufacturers and nanomaterials-based application and product developers.
The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products
The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products
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The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products
The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products
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The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products
The Global Market for Nanomaterials and Nanomaterials-Based Products
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………… 46

2    INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………. 47

2.1     Aims and objectives of the study……………………………………………………………………………………………… 47

2.2     Market definition………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48

2.2.1       Properties of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………. 48

2.3     Categorization…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48

3    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 50

4    THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOMATERIALS/NANOPARTICLES/NANOPOWDERS……………………… 53

4.1     ALUMINIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………. 53

    • 4.1.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53
    • 4.1.2       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54
    • 4.1.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 55
    • 4.1.4       Demand by market………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55
    • 4.1.5       Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………………………. 57
    • 4.1.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
    • 4.1.7       Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58
    • 4.1.8       Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 59
    • 4.1.9       Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 60

4.2     ANTIMONY TIN OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………….. 62

    • 4.2.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62
    • 4.2.2       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 63
    • 4.2.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 63
    • 4.2.4       Demand by market………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 63
    • 4.2.5       Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………………………. 64
    • 4.2.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
    • 4.2.7       Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 66
    • 4.2.8       Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 67
    • 4.2.9       Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68

4.3     BISMUTH OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………….. 70

    • 4.3.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
    • 4.3.2       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 71
    • 4.3.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71
    • 4.3.4       Demand by market………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72
    • 4.3.5       Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………………………. 73
    • 4.3.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
    • 4.3.7       Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75
    • 4.3.8       Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 76
    • 4.3.9       Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 76

4.4     MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (MWCNT)……………………………………………………………………… 78

    • 4.4.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
    • 4.4.2       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79
      • 4.4.2.1    Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT)…………………………………………………………………….. 80
      • 4.4.2.2    Few-walled carbon nanotubes……………………………………………………………………………………. 80
      • 4.4.2.3    Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
      • 4.4.2.4    Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)……………………………………………………………………………….. 81
    • 4.4.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 82
    • 4.4.4       Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………………………. 83
    • 4.4.5       Demand by market………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 85
    • 4.4.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………. 87
    • 4.4.7       Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 88
    • 4.4.8       Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 89
    • 4.4.9       Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 90

4.5     CERIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………………………… 95

    • 4.5.1       Market overview………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95
    • 4.5.2       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95
    • 4.5.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 96
    • 4.5.4       Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………………………. 97
    • 4.5.5       Demand by market………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 98
    • 4.5.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………. 99
    • 4.5.7       Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 101
    • 4.5.8       Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 102
    • 4.5.9       Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 102

4.6     COBALT OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………………………. 104

    • 4.6.1       Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 104
    • 4.6.2       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 104
    • 4.6.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
    • 4.6.4       Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 106
    • 4.6.5       Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
    • 4.6.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
    • 4.6.7       Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 109
    • 4.6.8       Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 110
    • 4.6.9       Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 110

4.7     COPPER OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………………………. 111

    • 4.7.1       Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 111
    • 4.7.2       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 111
    • 4.7.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 112
    • 4.7.4       Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 113
    • 4.7.5       Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 114
    • 4.7.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 115
    • 4.7.7       Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 117
    • 4.7.8       Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 118
    • 4.7.9       Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 118

4.8     DENDRIMERS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 120

    • 4.8.1       Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 120
    • 4.8.2       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 121
    • 4.8.2.1    Types………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 121
    • 4.8.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 123
    • 4.8.4       Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 124
    • 4.8.5       Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 125
    • 4.8.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 126
    • 4.8.7       Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 128
    • 4.8.8       Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 129
    • 4.8.9       Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 129

4.9     FULLERENES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 131

    • 4.9.1       Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 131
    • 4.9.2       Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 132
    • 4.9.3       Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 132
    • 4.9.4       Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 133
    • 4.9.5       Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 134
    • 4.9.6       Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 135
    • 4.9.7       Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 137
    • 4.9.8       Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 138
    • 4.9.9       Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 139

4.10        GOLD NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………………………………… 142

    • 4.10.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 142
    • 4.10.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 143
    • 4.10.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 143
    • 4.10.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 144
    • 4.10.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 145
    • 4.10.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 146
    • 4.10.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 147
    • 4.10.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 149
    • 4.10.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 149

4.11        GRAPHENE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152

    • 4.11.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 152
    • 4.11.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 153
    • 4.11.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 154
    • 4.11.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 158
    • 4.11.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 160
    • 4.11.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 161
      • 4.11.6.1       Graphene oxide…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 163
      • 4.11.6.2       Graphene nanoplatelets………………………………………………………………………………………. 165
      • 4.11.6.3       CVD graphene film…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 167
      • 4.11.6.4       Planned graphene capacities 2018 onwards…………………………………………………………….. 168
    • 4.11.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 168
    • 4.11.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 170
    • 4.11.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 170

4.12        IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………….. 183

    • 4.12.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 183
    • 4.12.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 183
    • 4.12.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 184
    • 4.12.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 185
    • 4.12.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 186
    • 4.12.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 188
    • 4.12.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 189
    • 4.12.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 190
    • 4.12.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 191

4.13        MAGNESIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………. 194

    • 4.13.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 194
    • 4.13.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 194
    • 4.13.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 195
    • 4.13.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 195
    • 4.13.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 196
    • 4.13.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 197
    • 4.13.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 199
    • 4.13.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 200
    • 4.13.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 200

4.14        MANGANESE OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………. 202

    • 4.14.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 202
    • 4.14.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 202
    • 4.14.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 203
    • 4.14.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 203
    • 4.14.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 204
    • 4.14.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 205
    • 4.14.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 206
    • 4.14.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 207
    • 4.14.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 208

4.15        NANOCELLULOSE (Cellulose nanofibes, cellulose nanocrystals, bacterial cellulose)……………………. 209

    • 4.15.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 209
    • 4.15.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 210
    • 4.15.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 212
    • 4.15.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 217
    • 4.15.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 219
    • 4.15.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 223
      • 4.15.6.1       Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)………………………………………………………………………………….. 224
      • 4.15.6.2       MFC……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 225
      • 4.15.6.3       Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)……………………………………………………………………………….. 226
    • 4.15.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 226
    • 4.15.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 227
    • 4.15.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 229

4.16        NANOCLAYS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 235

    • 4.16.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 235
    • 4.16.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 235
    • 4.16.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 238
    • 4.16.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 239
    • 4.16.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 239
    • 4.16.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 241
    • 4.16.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 242
    • 4.16.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 243
    • 4.16.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 243

4.17        NANODIAMONDS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 248

    • 4.17.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 248
    • 4.17.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 248
    • 4.17.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 250
    • 4.17.4     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 251
    • 4.17.5     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 253
    • 4.17.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 253
    • 4.17.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 255
    • 4.17.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 256
    • 4.17.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 256

4.18        NANOFIBERS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 258

    • 4.18.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 258
    • 4.18.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 258
    • 4.18.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 258
    • 4.18.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 259
    • 4.18.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 260
    • 4.18.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 262
    • 4.18.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 263
    • 4.18.8     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 264

4.19        NANOSILVER……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 268

    • 4.19.1     Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 268
    • 4.19.2     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 268
    • 4.19.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 269
    • 4.19.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 269
    • 4.19.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 271
    • 4.19.6     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 272
    • 4.19.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 273
    • 4.19.8     Demand, by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 274
    • 4.19.9     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 276
    • 4.19.10        Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 276

4.20        NANOWIRES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 279

    • 4.20.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 279
    • 4.20.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 279
    • 4.20.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 280
    • 4.20.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 281
    • 4.20.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 281
    • 4.20.6     Demand, by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 283
    • 4.20.7     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 284
    • 4.20.8     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 284

4.21        NICKEL NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 286

    • 4.21.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 286
    • 4.21.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 286
    • 4.21.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 287
    • 4.21.4     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 287
    • 4.21.5     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 288
    • 4.21.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 289
    • 4.21.7     Demand, by region……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 290
    • 4.21.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 291
    • 4.21.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 292

4.22        QUANTUM DOTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 293

    • 4.22.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 293
    • 4.22.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 294
    • 4.22.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 296
    • 4.22.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 304
    • 4.22.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 304
    • 4.22.6     Demand, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 306
    • 4.22.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 308
    • 4.22.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 309
    • 4.22.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 309

4.23        SILICON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES…………………………………………………………………………………… 313

    • 4.23.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 313
    • 4.23.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 314
    • 4.23.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 314
    • 4.23.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 315
    • 4.23.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 316
    • 4.23.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 317
    • 4.23.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 319
    • 4.23.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 320
    • 4.23.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 320

4.24        SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (SWCNT)………………………………………………………………………….. 324

    • 4.24.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 324
    • 4.24.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 325
    • 4.24.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 327
    • 4.24.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 329
    • 4.24.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 330
    • 4.24.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 332
    • 4.24.7     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 333

4.25        TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………… 336

    • 4.25.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 336
    • 4.25.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 337
    • 4.25.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 337
    • 4.25.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 338
    • 4.25.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 339
    • 4.25.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 340
    • 4.25.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 341
    • 4.25.8     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 342

4.26        ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………….. 346

    • 4.26.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 346
    • 4.26.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 346
    • 4.26.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 347
    • 4.26.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 349
    • 4.26.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 349
    • 4.26.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 351
    • 4.26.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 352
    • 4.26.8     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 353

4.27        ZIRCONIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………… 358

    • 4.27.1     Market overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 358
    • 4.27.2     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 359
    • 4.27.3     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 359
    • 4.27.4     Technology readiness level (TRL)………………………………………………………………………………….. 360
    • 4.27.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 361
    • 4.27.6     Demand in tons, 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………………….. 362
    • 4.27.7     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 364
    • 4.27.8     Prices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 365
    • 4.27.9     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 365

4.28        OTHER NANOPARTICLES/NANOPOWDERS……………………………………………………………………… 369

    • 4.28.1     Erbium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 369
    • 4.28.2     Indium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………………………… 370
    • 4.28.3     Neodymium(III) oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………………….. 370
    • 4.28.4     Tantalum nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 372
    • 4.28.5     Terbium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………………………. 373
    • 4.28.6     Tin oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………………………………… 374
    • 4.28.7     Yttrium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………………………… 375

5    MARKETS FOR NANOMATERIALS-BASED PRODUCTS………… 376

5.1     ADHESIVES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 376

    • 5.1.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 376
    • 5.1.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 377
    • 5.1.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 379
    • 5.1.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 380
    • 5.1.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 381

5.2     AEROSPACE AND AVIATION………………………………………………………………………………………………. 383

    • 5.2.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 383
    • 5.2.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 384
      • 5.2.2.1    Composites…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 384
      • 5.2.2.2    Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 385
    • 5.2.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 387
    • 5.2.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 389
    • 5.2.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 390

5.3     AUTOMOTIVE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 394

    • 5.3.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 394
    • 5.3.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 395
      • 5.3.2.1    Composites…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 396
      • 5.3.2.2    Paints and coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………… 397
      • 5.3.2.3    Tires……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 399
    • 5.3.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 400
      • 5.3.3.1    Composites…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 400
      • 5.3.3.2    Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 401
    • 5.3.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 402
    • 5.3.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 402

5.4     BATTERIES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 408

    • 5.4.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 408
    • 5.4.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 410
      • 5.4.2.1    Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)………………………………………………………………………………………… 410
      • 5.4.2.2    Lithium-air batteries………………………………………………………………………………………………… 412
      • 5.4.2.3    Sodium-ion batteries……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 412
      • 5.4.2.4    Magnesium batteries………………………………………………………………………………………………. 412
    • 5.4.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 413
    • 5.4.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 414
    • 5.4.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 415

5.5     BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE……………………………………………………………………………………….. 421

    • 5.5.1       BIOSENSORS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 422
      • 5.5.1.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 422
      • 5.5.1.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 422
      • 5.5.1.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 424
      • 5.5.1.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 425
      • 5.5.1.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 426
    • 5.5.2       DRUG FORMULATION AND DELIVERY…………………………………………………………………………. 427
      • 5.5.2.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 427
      • 5.5.2.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 428
        • 5.5.2.2.1      Products………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 430
      • 5.5.2.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 433
      • 5.5.2.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 434
      • 5.5.2.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 435
    • 5.5.3       IMAGING AND DIAGNOSTICS……………………………………………………………………………………… 439
      • 5.5.3.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 439
      • 5.5.3.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 440
      • 5.5.3.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 441
      • 5.5.3.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 443
      • 5.5.3.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 444
    • 5.5.4       MEDICAL COATINGS AND FILMS………………………………………………………………………………… 448
      • 5.5.4.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 448
      • 5.5.4.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 449
        • 5.5.4.2.1      Anti-fouling…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 450
        • 5.5.4.2.2      Anti-microbial and infection control…………………………………………………………………….. 450
        • 5.5.4.2.3      Medical device coatings…………………………………………………………………………………… 450
      • 5.5.4.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 453
      • 5.5.4.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 455
      • 5.5.4.5    PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………………. 455
    • 5.5.5       MEDICAL IMPLANTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 459
      • 5.5.5.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 459
      • 5.5.5.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 460
      • 5.5.5.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 461
      • 5.5.5.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 463
      • 5.5.5.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 463
    • 5.5.6       THERAPEUTICS……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 465
      • 5.5.6.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 465
      • 5.5.6.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 465
      • 5.5.6.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 468
      • 5.5.6.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 469
      • 5.5.6.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 470
    • 5.5.7       WOUND CARE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 472
      • 5.5.7.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 472
      • 5.5.7.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 473
      • 5.5.7.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 475
      • 5.5.7.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 476
      • 5.5.7.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 476
    • 5.5.8       MEDICAL WEARABLES AND REMOTE HEALTH MONITORING…………………………………………. 477
      • 5.5.8.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 477
      • 5.5.8.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 478
      • 5.5.8.7    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 482
      • 5.5.8.8    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 482
    • 5.5.9       DENTAL…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 485
      • 5.5.9.1    MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………………. 485
      • 5.5.9.2    APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 486
      • 5.5.9.3    GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY…………………………………………………… 486
      • 5.5.9.4    MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………. 487
      • 5.5.9.5    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………………… 488

5.6     COATINGS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 488

    • 5.6.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 488
    • 5.6.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 490
    • 5.6.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 495
    • 5.6.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 496
    • 5.6.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 497

5.7     COMPOSITES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 514

    • 5.7.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 514
    • 5.7.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 516
      • 5.7.2.1    Polymer composites……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 516
      • 5.7.2.2    Thermal management……………………………………………………………………………………………… 518
      • 5.7.2.3    Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding…………………… 519
      • 5.7.2.4    Rubber and elastomers…………………………………………………………………………………………… 519
      • 5.7.2.5    Flame retardants……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 520
    • 5.7.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 520
    • 5.7.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 523
    • 5.7.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 524

5.8     CONSTRUCTION, BUILDING PROTECTION AND ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS………………………….. 529

    • 5.8.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 529
    • 5.8.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 531
    • 5.8.2.1    INSULATION AND HEATING…………………………………………………………………………………… 531
      • 5.8.2.1.1      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………… 531
    • 5.8.2.2    EXTERIOR COATINGS (PROTECTIVE, WOOD AND GLASS)………………………………………… 532
      • 5.8.2.2.1      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………… 533
    • 5.8.2.3    SMART WINDOWS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 536
      • 5.8.2.3.1      Thermochromic……………………………………………………………………………………………… 536
      • 5.8.2.3.2      Electrochromic………………………………………………………………………………………………. 536
      • 5.8.2.3.3      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………… 537
    • 5.8.2.4    VOC MITIGATION AND INDOOR AIR FILTRATION……………………………………………………… 538
      • 5.8.2.4.1      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………… 538
    • 5.8.2.5    CEMENT AND CONCRETE……………………………………………………………………………………… 539
    • 5.8.2.6    SELF-HEALING CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS…………………………………………………………… 540
      • 5.8.2.6.1      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………… 541
    • 5.8.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 542
      • 5.8.3.1    Concrete and cement……………………………………………………………………………………………… 542
      • 5.8.3.2    Exterior coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 542
      • 5.8.3.3    Smart windows………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 543
      • 5.8.3.4    Insulation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 544
    • 5.8.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 545
    • 5.8.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 545

5.9     COSMETICS AND SUNSCREENS………………………………………………………………………………………… 551

    • 5.9.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 551
    • 5.9.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 553
    • 5.9.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 559
    • 5.9.4       MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 561
    • 5.9.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 561

5.10        ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS……………………………………………………………………………………. 565

    • 5.10.1     FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS……………………………………… 565
      • 5.10.1.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………….. 565
      • 5.10.1.2       APPLICATONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 567
        • 5.10.1.2.1    Wearable electronics………………………………………………………………………………………. 567
        • 5.10.1.2.2    Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics……………………………………………………….. 568
        • 5.10.1.2.3    Electronic paper…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 569
      • 5.10.1.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 571
        • 5.10.1.3.1    Touch panel and ITO replacement…………………………………………………………………….. 571
        • 5.10.1.3.2    Displays………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 572
      • 5.10.1.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 573
      • 5.10.1.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 575
    • 5.10.2     CONDUCTIVE INKS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 578
      • 5.10.2.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………….. 578
      • 5.10.2.2       APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 579
      • 5.10.2.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 580
      • 5.10.2.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 582
      • 5.10.2.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 582
    • 5.10.3     TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS……………………………… 584
      • 5.10.3.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………….. 584
      • 5.10.3.2       APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 585
      • 5.10.3.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 586
      • 5.10.3.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 587
      • 5.10.3.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 589
    • 5.10.4     MEMORY DEVICES…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 590
      • 5.10.4.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………….. 590
      • 5.10.4.2       APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 591
      • 5.10.4.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 592
      • 5.10.4.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 593
      • 5.10.4.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 593
    • 5.10.5     ELECTRONICS COATINGS…………………………………………………………………………………………. 595
      • 5.10.5.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………….. 595
      • 5.10.5.2       APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 596
      • 5.10.5.3       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 597
      • 5.10.5.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 597
      • 5.10.5.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 598
    • 5.10.6     PHOTONICS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 600
      • 5.10.6.1       APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 600
        • 5.10.6.1.1    Si photonics versus graphene…………………………………………………………………………… 601
        • 5.10.6.1.2    Optical modulators…………………………………………………………………………………………. 602
        • 5.10.6.1.3    Photodetectors……………………………………………………………………………………………… 602
        • 5.10.6.1.4    Plasmonics…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 603
        • 5.10.6.1.5    Fiber lasers………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 603
      • 5.10.6.2       GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 604
      • 5.10.6.3       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………….. 605
      • 5.10.6.4       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 606

5.11        FILTRATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION………………………………………………………….. 607

    • 5.11.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 607
    • 5.11.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 608
      • 5.11.2.1       Desalination and water filtration…………………………………………………………………………….. 609
      • 5.11.2.2       Airborne filters…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 611
      • 5.11.2.3       Gas separation………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 613
    • 5.11.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 613
    • 5.11.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 614
    • 5.11.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 615

5.12        FOOD AND AGRICULTURE…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 619

    • 5.12.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 619
    • 5.12.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 620
      • 5.12.2.1       Food packaging…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 620
      • 5.12.2.2       Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 622
      • 5.12.2.3       Sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 623
      • 5.12.2.4       Additives in food additives and supplements…………………………………………………………….. 624
      • 5.12.2.5       Agricultural production………………………………………………………………………………………… 624
    • 5.12.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 625
    • 5.12.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 628
    • 5.12.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 628

5.13        FUEL CELLS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 631

    • 5.13.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 631
    • 5.13.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 632
      • 5.13.2.1       Fuel cells…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 633
      • 5.13.2.2       Hydrogen storage………………………………………………………………………………………………. 633
    • 5.13.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 634
    • 5.13.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 635
    • 5.13.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 635

5.14        HOUSEHOLD CARE AND SANITARY………………………………………………………………………………… 637

    • 5.14.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 637
    • 5.14.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 638
      • 5.14.2.1       Anti-microbial coatings………………………………………………………………………………………… 638
      • 5.14.2.2       Self-cleaning & easy clean coatings……………………………………………………………………….. 639
      • 5.14.2.3       Photocatalytic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………….. 639
      • 5.14.2.4       Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………… 640
    • 5.14.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 640
    • 5.14.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 641
    • 5.14.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 642

5.15        LIGHTING…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 645

    • 5.15.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 645
    • 5.15.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 646
    • 5.15.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 647
    • 5.15.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 648
    • 5.15.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 648

5.16        LUBRICANTS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 650

    • 5.16.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 650
    • 5.16.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 650
    • 5.16.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 651
    • 5.16.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 652
    • 5.16.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 652

5.17        MARINE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 654

    • 5.17.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 654
    • 5.17.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 655
    • 5.17.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 656
    • 5.17.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 657
    • 5.17.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 658

5.18        OIL & GAS EXPLORATION……………………………………………………………………………………………… 660

    • 5.18.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 660
    • 5.18.2     PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………………… 661
      • 5.18.2.1       Sensing and reservoir management……………………………………………………………………….. 661
      • 5.18.2.2       Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 662
      • 5.18.2.3       Drilling fluids……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 662
      • 5.18.2.4       Sorbent materials………………………………………………………………………………………………. 664
      • 5.18.2.5       Separation……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 664
    • 5.18.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 664
    • 5.18.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 666
    • 5.18.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 666

5.19        PACKAGING…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 669

    • 5.19.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 669
    • 5.19.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 670
    • 5.19.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 672
    • 5.19.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 675
    • 5.19.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 676

5.20        SECURITY AND DEFENCE……………………………………………………………………………………………… 679

    • 5.20.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 679
    • 5.20.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 680
      • 5.20.2.1       Military textiles…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 680
      • 5.20.2.2       Military equipment……………………………………………………………………………………………… 680
      • 5.20.2.3       Anti-counterfeiting………………………………………………………………………………………………. 681
      • 5.20.2.4       Sensors and detection………………………………………………………………………………………… 682
      • 5.20.2.5       Ballistic protection………………………………………………………………………………………………. 683
    • 5.20.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 683
    • 5.20.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 685
    • 5.20.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 686

5.21        SENSORS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 689

    • 5.21.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 689
    • 5.21.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 690
      • 5.21.2.1       Gas sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 691
      • 5.21.2.2       Strain sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 692
      • 5.21.2.3       Biosensors……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 693
      • 5.21.2.4       Food sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 694
      • 5.21.2.5       Image sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 694
      • 5.21.2.6       Infrared (IR) sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………… 695
      • 5.21.2.7       Optical sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 695
      • 5.21.2.8       Pressure sensors………………………………………………………………………………………………. 695
      • 5.21.2.9       Humidity sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 696
      • 5.21.2.10     Acoustic sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 696
      • 5.21.2.11     Wireless sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 696
    • 5.21.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 697
    • 5.21.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 698
    • 5.21.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 699

5.22        SOLAR………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 702

    • 5.22.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 702
    • 5.22.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 703
      • 5.22.2.1       Solar cells………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 703
      • 5.22.2.2       Solar water splitting……………………………………………………………………………………………. 706
      • 5.22.2.3       Solar coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 707
    • 5.22.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 707
    • 5.22.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 709
    • 5.22.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 710

5.23        SUPERCAPACITORS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 714

    • 5.23.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 714
    • 5.23.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 714
    • 5.23.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 715
    • 5.23.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 716
    • 5.23.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 716

5.24        TEXTILES & APPAREL…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 718

    • 5.24.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 718
    • 5.24.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 720
      • 5.24.2.1       Protective textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………. 722
      • 5.24.2.2       Electronic textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………. 722
    • 5.24.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 726
      • 5.24.3.1       Protective textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………. 726
      • 5.24.3.2       Electronic textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………. 726
    • 5.24.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 727
    • 5.24.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 728

5.25        TOOLS & MANUFACTURING…………………………………………………………………………………………… 731

    • 5.25.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 731
    • 5.25.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 732
    • 5.25.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 732
    • 5.25.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 733
    • 5.25.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 734

5.26        3D PRINTING……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 737

    • 5.26.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS………………………………………………………………………………… 737
    • 5.26.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 737
    • 5.26.3     GLOBAL REVENUES AND MARKET OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………….. 738
    • 5.26.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………………… 739
    • 5.26.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………….. 739

5.27        OTHER MARKETS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 741

    • 5.27.1     CATALYSTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 741
      • 5.27.1.1       APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 741
      • 5.27.1.2       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………….. 742
    • 5.27.2     WIRE AND CABLE…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 743
      • 5.27.2.1      APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 743
        • 5.27.2.1.1    Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 743
        • 5.27.2.1.2    Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 743
      • 5.27.2.2      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………………….. 743
    • 5.27.3     SPORTING GOODS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 744
      • 5.27.3.1      APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 744
        • 5.27.3.1.1    Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 744
        • 5.27.3.1.2    Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 744
      • 5.27.3.2      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………………….. 744
    • 5.27.4     WIND ENERGY…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 745
      • 5.27.4.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDSs…………………………………………………………………………………….. 745
      • 5.27.4.2    APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 746
      • 5.27.4.3    APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………………. 747
    • 5.27.5     THERMOELECTRICS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 748
      • 5.27.5.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………………………….. 748
      • 5.27.5.2      APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 748
      • 5.27.5.3      APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS……………………………………………………………………….. 749

6    REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 750

TABLES

  • Table 1: Categorization of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
  • Table 2: The Global market for nanomaterials in 2018 in tons, market characteristics and growth prospects…………. 51
  • Table 3: Demand for nanomaterials (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………… 52
  • Table 4: Market overview for aluminium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………. 53
  • Table 5: Markets, benefits and applications of aluminium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………… 55
  • Table 6: Demand of aluminium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030. Production volumes are in metric tons unless stated otherwise…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
  • Table 7: Prices of aluminium oxide nanoparticles from producers & distributors………………………………………………. 59
  • Table 8: Aluminium oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • Table 9: Market summary for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………. 62
  • Table 10: Markets, benefits and applications of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………. 63
  • Table 11: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………….. 65
  • Table 12: Prices of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………………. 67
  • Table 13: Antimony tin oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………………. 68
  • Table 14: Market summary for bismuth oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………….. 70
  • Table 15: Markets, benefits and applications of aluminium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………. 71
  • Table 16: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………….. 74
  • Table 17: Prices of bismuth oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………………………. 76
  • Table 18: Bismuth oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………………………….. 77
  • Table 19: Market overview for multi-walled carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………. 78
  • Table 20: Properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and comparable materials…………………………………………… 79
  • Table 21: Markets, benefits and applications of multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes……………………………………………… 82
  • Table 22. Main applications for MWCNTs, volumes, potential for SWCNT to gain market share…………………………. 85
  • Table 23: Demand for multi-walled carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………. 87
  • Table 24: Prices of multi-walled carbon nanotubes…………………………………………………………………………………… 90
  • Table 25. Key MWCNT producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 90
  • Table 26: Carbon nanotubes producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 90
  • Table 27: Market overview for cerium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………….. 95
  • Table 28: Markets, benefits and applications of cerium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………… 96
  • Table 29: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………. 99
  • Table 30: Prices of cerium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………………………. 102
  • Table 31: Cerium oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………………………. 102
  • Table 32: Market overview for cobalt oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………… 104
  • Table 33: Markets, benefits and applications of cobalt oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………… 105
  • Table 34: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………… 107
  • Table 35: Prices of cobalt oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………………………….. 110
  • Table 36: Cobalt oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………………………….. 110
  • Table 37: Market overview for copper oxide nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………… 111
  • Table 38: Markets, benefits and applications of copper oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………….. 112
  • Table 39: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………….. 115
  • Table 40: Example prices of copper oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………….. 118
  • Table 41: Copper oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………………………. 118
  • Table 42: Market overview for dendrimers -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………. 120
  • Table 43: Types of dendrimer…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 121
  • Table 44: Markets, benefits and applications of dendrimers………………………………………………………………………. 123
  • Table 45: Dendrimer products……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 123
  • Table 46: Demand for dendrimers (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………. 126
  • Table 47: Example prices of dendrimers………………………………………………………………………………………………. 129
  • Table 48: Dendrimers producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 129
  • Table 49: Market overview for fullerenes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………. 131
  • Table 50: Types of fullerenes and applications………………………………………………………………………………………. 132
  • Table 51: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes………………………………………………………………………… 132
  • Table 52: Demadn for fullerenes (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………… 135
  • Table 53: Example prices of fullerenes…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 138
  • Table 54: Fullerene producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 139
  • Table 55: Market overview for gold nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………… 142
  • Table 56: Markets, benefits and applications of gold nanoparticles…………………………………………………………….. 143
  • Table 57: Demand for gold nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………… 146
  • Table 58: Example prices of gold nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………………………… 149
  • Table 59: Gold nanoparticle producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 150
  • Table 60: Market overview for graphene-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………. 152
  • Table 61: Properties of graphene……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153
  • Table 62: Markets, benefits and applications of graphene………………………………………………………………………… 154
  • Table 63: Consumer products incorporating graphene…………………………………………………………………………….. 157
  • Table 64: Demand for graphene, 2010-2030 in tons/year…………………………………………………………………………. 161
  • Table 65: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by country/year, 2010-2018………………………………………… 163
  • Table 66: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018………………………………………………… 163
  • Table 67: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by country/year, 2010-2018……………………………………………. 165
  • Table 68: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018…………………………………………………….. 166
  • Table 69: CVD graphene film capacity in tons by country/year, 2010-2018/ 000s m2………………………………………. 167
  • Table 70: Planned graphene production capacities…………………………………………………………………………………. 168
  • Table 71: Graphene types and cost per kg……………………………………………………………………………………………. 170
  • Table 72: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets………… 170
  • Table 73: Graphene producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 174
  • Table 74: Market overview for iron oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………… 183
  • Table 75: Markets, benefits and applications of iron oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………… 184
  • Table 76: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………. 188
  • Table 77: Example prices of iron oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………………. 190
  • Table 78: Iron oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………………………… 191
  • Table 79: Market overview for magnesium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 194
  • Table 80: Markets, benefits and applications of magnesium oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………. 195
  • Table 81: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………. 197
  • Table 82: Example prices of magnesium oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………. 200
  • Table 83: Magnesium oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………………. 200
  • Table 84: Market overview for manganese oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………….. 202
  • Table 85: Markets, benefits and applications of manganese oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………… 203
  • Table 86: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………. 205
  • Table 87: Example prices of manganese oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………. 207
  • Table 88: Manganese oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………………. 208
  • Table 89: Market overview for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………… 209
  • Table 90: Nanocellulose properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 211
  • Table 91: Markets and applications of nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………….. 212
  • Table 92. Nanocellulose-based commercial products………………………………………………………………………………. 215
  • Table 93: Global demand for nanocellulose 2018, tons……………………………………………………………………………. 219
  • Table 94: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons)…………………………………. 221
  • Table 95: CNF producer capacities 2018……………………………………………………………………………………………… 224
  • Table 96: MFC producer capacities 2018……………………………………………………………………………………………… 225
  • Table 97: Cellulose nanocrystal producer capacities 2018………………………………………………………………………… 226
  • Table 98: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018, tons (total excludes MFC)……………………………………. 227
  • Table 99: Product/price/application matrix of nanocellulose producers………………………………………………………… 227
  • Table 100: Nanocellulose producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 229
  • Table 101: Market overview for nanoclays -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………. 235
  • Table 102: Markets, benefits and applications of nanoclays………………………………………………………………………. 238
  • Table 103: Demand for nanoclays (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………. 241
  • Table 104: Example prices of nanoclays………………………………………………………………………………………………. 243
  • Table 105: Main nanoclays producers, products and target markets…………………………………………………………… 244
  • Table 106: Nanoclay producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 244
  • Table 107: Market summary for nanodiamonds-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………… 248
  • Table 108: Markets, benefits and applications of nanodiamonds………………………………………………………………… 250
  • Table 109: Demand for nanodiamonds (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………… 253
  • Table 110: Example prices of nanodiamonds………………………………………………………………………………………… 256
  • Table 111: Nanodiamonds producers………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 256
  • Table 112: Market summary for nanofibers- Selling grade particle diameter, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………………………………………. 258
  • Table 113: Applications of polymer, alumina, carbon and other nanofibers…………………………………………………… 259
  • Table 114: Markets for nanofiber air and liquid filtration……………………………………………………………………………. 260
  • Table 115: Demand for nanofibers (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………… 262
  • Table 116: Nanofibers producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 264
  • Table 117: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanosilver…………………………………………………………………………………. 268
  • Table 118: Market overview for nanosilver-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………. 268
  • Table 119: Markets, benefits and applications of nanosilver……………………………………………………………………… 270
  • Table 120: Demand for nanosilver (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………………………. 273
  • Table 121: Example prices of nanosilver………………………………………………………………………………………………. 276
  • Table 122: Nanosilver producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 276
  • Table 123: Market overview for nanowires-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………… 279
  • Table 124: Markets, benefits and applications of nanowires……………………………………………………………………… 280
  • Table 125: Example prices of nanowires………………………………………………………………………………………………. 284
  • Table 126: Nanowires producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 284
  • Table 127: Market overview for nickel nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………… 286
  • Table 128: Markets, benefits and applications of nickel nanoparticles…………………………………………………………. 287
  • Table 129: Demand for nickel nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………….. 289
  • Table 130: Example prices of nickel nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………………….. 291
  • Table 131: Nickel nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………………………………. 292
  • Table 132: Market overview for quantum dots -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………… 293
  • Table 133: Markets, benefits and applications of quantum dots…………………………………………………………………. 296
  • Table 134: QD colour filter options and advantages………………………………………………………………………………… 300
  • Table 135: Current and planned Quantum Dot TVs by manufacturer, availability, size range and price range………. 303
  • Table 136: Total QD revenues 2013-2030 (M$), conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………… 306
  • Table 137: Example prices of quantum dots………………………………………………………………………………………….. 309
  • Table 138: Quantum dot producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 309
  • Table 139: Market overview for silicon oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………… 313
  • Table 140: Markets, benefits and applications of silicon oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………. 314
  • Table 141: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………. 317
  • Table 142: Example prices of silicon oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………. 320
  • Table 143: Silicon oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………………………… 320
  • Table 144: Market overview for single-walled carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………….. 324
  • Table 145: Properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes…………………………………………………………………………. 325
  • Table 146. Typical properties of SWCNT and MWCNT……………………………………………………………………………. 326
  • Table 147: Markets, benefits and applications of single-walled Carbon Nanotubes………………………………………… 327
  • Table 148. SWCNT market demand forecast (tons), 2018-2030………………………………………………………………… 332
  • Table 149. Annual production capacity of the key SWCNT producers in 2018………………………………………………. 333
  • Table 150: SWNT producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 333
  • Table 151: Market overview for titanium dioxide nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………….. 336
  • Table 152: Markets, benefits and applications of titanium dioxide nanoparticles…………………………………………….. 338
  • Table 153: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles (tons), conservative and optimistic estimates………………….. 340
  • Table 154: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………………. 343
  • Table 155: Market overview for zinc oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications………………………………… 346
  • Table 156: Markets, benefits and applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………. 347
  • Table 157: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………. 351
  • Table 158: Main Zinc oxide nanoparticles-Suppliers, products, primary particle size………………………………………. 354
  • Table 159: Zinc oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………………………. 355
  • Table 160: Market overview for zirconium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………….. 358
  • Table 161: Markets, benefits and applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………….. 359
  • Table 162: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………….. 362
  • Table 163: Prices of zirconium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………………………. 365
  • Table 164: Zirconium oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………………….. 366
  • Table 165. Market summary for erbium oxide nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 369
  • Table 166. Market summary for indium oxide nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 370
  • Table 167. Market summary for tantalum nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 371
  • Table 168. Market summary for tantalum nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 372
  • Table 169. Market summary for terbium oxide nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 373
  • Table 170, Market summary for tin oxide nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 374
  • Table 171. Market summary for yttrium oxide nanoparticles. Properties, applications, market demand, prices and producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 375
  • Table 172: Market drivers for use of nanomaterials-based products in adhesives………………………………………….. 376
  • Table 173: Nanomaterials properties relevant to application in adhesives…………………………………………………….. 377
  • Table 174: Applications in adhesives, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………. 377
  • Table 175: Applications of nanomaterials in adhesives, by market……………………………………………………………… 379
  • Table 176: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in adhesives………………………………………………………. 379
  • Table 177: Market assessment for nanomaterials-based products in adhesives…………………………………………….. 380
  • Table 178: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aedhesives market……………….. 381
  • Table 179: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in adhesives………………………………………… 381
  • Table 180: Market drivers and trends for nanomaterials-based products in aerospace and aviation…………………… 383
  • Table 181: Applications in aerospace composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………. 384
  • Table 182: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application……………………………………………………… 385
  • Table 183: Applications in aerospace coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………….. 387
  • Table 184: Market size for nanomaterials-based applications and products in aerospace and aviation……………….. 387
  • Table 185: Nanomaterials-based products in the aerospace and aviation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact…………………………………………………………………………… 388
  • Table 186: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aerospace market………………… 389
  • Table 187: Nanomaterials application and product developers in the aerospace industry………………………………… 390
  • Table 188: Market drivers for use of nanomaterials-based products in automotive…………………………………………. 394
  • Table 189: Applications in automotive composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………… 396
  • Table 190: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry……………………………………………………………………… 398
  • Table 191: Applications in automotive tires, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………….. 399
  • Table 192: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 400
  • Table 193: Nanomaterials-based products in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 401
  • Table 194: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market……………………………………….. 402
  • Table 195: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in the automotive industry………………………. 402
  • Table 196: Market drivers for use of nanomaterials-based products in batteries…………………………………………….. 409
  • Table 197: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………….. 410
  • Table 198: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………… 412
  • Table 199: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………. 412
  • Table 200: Applications in magesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………….. 412
  • Table 201: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in batteries…………………………………………………………. 413
  • Table 202: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in the batteries market………………………………………………. 414
  • Table 203: Market challenges in in nanomaterials-based batteries……………………………………………………………… 414
  • Table 204: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in batteries and supercapacitors………………. 415
  • Table 205: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in medical biosensors……………………………………….. 422
  • Table 206: Applications in medical biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………… 423
  • Table 207: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in medical biosensors…………………………………………… 424
  • Table 208: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in the medical biosensors market………………………………… 425
  • Table 209: Market challenges in medical biosensors……………………………………………………………………………….. 425
  • Table 210: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in medical biosensors……………………………. 426
  • Table 211: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in drug formulation and delivery………………………….. 427
  • Table 212: Applications in drug formulation and delivery, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………… 428
  • Table 213: Nanotechnology drug products……………………………………………………………………………………………. 430
  • Table 214: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in drug formulation and delivery……………………………… 433
  • Table 215: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in drug formulation and delivery………………………………….. 433
  • Table 216: Nanomaterials-based products application developers in drug formulation and delivery……………………. 435
  • Table 217: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in imaging and diagnostics…………………………………. 439
  • Table 218: Applications in medical imaging and diagnostics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………. 440
  • Table 219: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in imaging and diagnostics…………………………………….. 441
  • Table 220: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in the imaging and diagnostics market………………………….. 442
  • Table 221: Market challenges for nanomaterials-based products in imaging and diagnostics……………………………. 443
  • Table 222: Nanotechnology application developers in medical imaging and diagnositcs………………………………….. 444
  • Table 223: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in medical coatings and films……………………………… 448
  • Table 224: Nanocoatings applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 449
  • Table 225: Types of advanced coatings applied in medical devices and implants………………………………………….. 451
  • Table 226: Nanomaterials utilized in medical implants……………………………………………………………………………… 451
  • Table 227: Nanomaterials utilized in medical coatings and films coatings-benefits and applications…………………… 451
  • Table 228: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in medical coatings and films…………………………………. 453
  • Table 229: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in the medical coatings and films market……………………….. 454
  • Table 230: Nanomaterials-based products developers in medical coatings and films……………………………………… 455
  • Table 231: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in medical implants…………………………………………… 459
  • Table 232: Applications in medical implants and devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………… 460
  • Table 233: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in medical implants………………………………………………. 462
  • Table 234: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in medical implants and devices market………………………… 462
  • Table 235: Nanomaterials-based product developers in medical implants and devices……………………………………. 463
  • Table 236: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in therapeutics………………………………………………… 465
  • Table 237: Applications in therapeutics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………. 466
  • Table 238: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in therapeutics……………………………………………………. 468
  • Table 239: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the therapeutics market…………………………………… 468
  • Table 240: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in therapeutics……………………………………… 470
  • Table 241: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in wound care…………………………………………………. 472
  • Table 242: Medical products incorporating nanosilver……………………………………………………………………………… 473
  • Table 243: Applications in wound care, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………….. 474
  • Table 244: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in wound care…………………………………………………….. 475
  • Table 245: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in the wound care market………………………………………….. 475
  • Table 246: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in wound care…………………………………….. 476
  • Table 247: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in medical wearables and remote health monitoring…. 477
  • Table 248: Applications in medical wearables and remote health monitoring, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 479
  • Table 249: Applications in patch-type skin sensors, by materials type and benefits thereof………………………………. 481
  • Table 250: Nanomaterials-based product and application developers in medical wearables and remote monitoring. 482
  • Table 251: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in dental………………………………………………………… 485
  • Table 252: Applications in dental, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………. 486
  • Table 253: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in dental……………………………………………………………. 486
  • Table 254: Nanomaterials-based products opportunity in the dental market………………………………………………….. 487
  • Table 255: Nanomaterials-based product developers in dentistry……………………………………………………………….. 488
  • Table 256. Market drivers and trends in nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………………….. 488
  • Table 257: Properties of nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 491
  • Table 258: End user markets for nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………………. 492
  • Table 259: Global revenues for nanocoatings, 2010-2030, millions USD, conservative estimate……………………….. 495
  • Table 260: Market and technical challenges for nanocoatings…………………………………………………………………… 496
  • Table 261: Anti-fingerprint coatings product and application developers………………………………………………………. 497
  • Table 262: Anti-bacterial nanocoatings product and application developers………………………………………………….. 499
  • Table 263: Anti-corrosion nanocoatings product and application developers…………………………………………………. 501
  • Table 264: Abrasion and wear resistant nanocoatings product and application developers………………………………. 503
  • Table 265: Barrier nanocoatings product and application developers………………………………………………………….. 505
  • Table 266: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………. 506
  • Table 267: Self-cleaning (bionic) nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………………….. 507
  • Table 268: Self-cleaning (photocatalytic) nanocoatings product and application developers…………………………….. 508
  • Table 269: UV-resistant nanocoatings product and application developers…………………………………………………… 510
  • Table 270: Thermal barrier and flame retardant nanocoatings product and application developers…………………….. 510
  • Table 271: Anti-icing and de-icing nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………………… 510
  • Table 272: Anti-reflective nanocoatings product and application developers…………………………………………………. 511
  • Table 273: Self-healing nanocoatings product and application developers……………………………………………………. 513
  • Table 274: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in composites………………………………………………….. 514
  • Table 275: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials……………………………………………. 516
  • Table 276: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites……………………………………………… 517
  • Table 277: Applications in polymer composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………….. 517
  • Table 278: Applications in thermal management composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 518
  • Table 279: Applications in ESD and EMI shielding composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 519
  • Table 280: Applications in rubber and elastomers, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………. 519
  • Table 281: Applications in flame retardants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………. 520
  • Table 282: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for nanocomposites in key applications……… 521
  • Table 283: Demand for nanomaterials in composites 2015-2030, in tons…………………………………………………….. 523
  • Table 284: Market challenges for nanocomposites…………………………………………………………………………………. 523
  • Table 285: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in composites………………………………………. 524
  • Table 286: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in construction, building protection and architectural coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 529
  • Table 287: Applications in insulation and heating, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………….. 531
  • Table 288: Nanomaterials-based application developers in insulation and heating…………………………………………. 531
  • Table 289: Applications in exterior coatings by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………….. 532
  • Table 290: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in exterior coatings……………………………….. 533
  • Table 291: Applications in smart windows by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………. 536
  • Table 292: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in smart windows………………………………….. 537
  • Table 293: Applications in VOC mitigation and filtration by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………… 538
  • Table 294: Nanomaterials-based products application and product developers in VOC mitigation and filtration…….. 538
  • Table 295: Applications in cement and concrete by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………. 539
  • Table 296: Applications in self-healing construction materials by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 540
  • Table 297: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers self-healing construction materials……………. 541
  • Table 298: Nanomaterials-based products in the construction, building protection and exterior coatings market…… 544
  • Table 299: Market challenges for nanomaterials-based products in construction…………………………………………… 545
  • Table 300: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in construction, building protection and architectural coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 545
  • Table 301: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in cosmetics and sunscreens……………………………… 551
  • Table 302: Applications in cosmetics and sunscreens, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………. 553
  • Table 303: Main titanium dioxide nanoparticles suppliers, products, primary particle size………………………………… 555
  • Table 304: Main zinc oxide nanoparticle suppliers, products, primary particle size…………………………………………. 555
  • Table 305: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products and formulations incorporating nanoemulsions…….. 556
  • Table 306: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating liposomes………………………………….. 556
  • Table 307: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating niosomes…………………………………… 557
  • Table 308: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN)………… 557
  • Table 309: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanostructured lipid carriers…………… 558
  • Table 310: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanocapsules & nanospheres………… 558
  • Table 311: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating fullerenes…………………………………… 558
  • Table 312: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in sunscreens and cosmetics…………………………………. 559
  • Table 313: Nanomaterials-based products in the cosmetics and sun care market………………………………………….. 560
  • Table 314: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in cosmetics and sunscreens market………… 561
  • Table 315: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays… 565
  • Table 316: Applications in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 569
  • Table 317: Nanomaterials-based products in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market…………. 572
  • Table 318: Market challenges for nanomaterials-based products in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 573
  • Table 319: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 575
  • Table 320: Market drivers for nanotechnology in conductive inks……………………………………………………………….. 578
  • Table 321: Comparative properties of conductive inks…………………………………………………………………………….. 579
  • Table 322: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 579
  • Table 323: Nanomaterials-based products in the conductive inks market…………………………………………………….. 581
  • Table 324: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in conductive inks…………………………………. 582
  • Table 325: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in transistors, integrated circuits and other components. 584
  • Table 326: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 585
  • Table 327: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in transistors, integrated circuits etc…………………………. 586
  • Table 328: Nanomaterials-based products in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market…….. 587
  • Table 329: Market challenges for nanomaterials-based products in transistors, integrated circuits and other components…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 587
  • Table 330: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 589
  • Table 331: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in memory devices…………………………………………… 590
  • Table 332: Applications in memory devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………. 591
  • Table 333: Nanomaterials-based products in the memory devices market……………………………………………………. 592
  • Table 334: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in memory devices………………………………. 593
  • Table 335: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in electronics coatings………………………………………. 595
  • Table 336: Nanocoatings applied in the consumer electronics industry……………………………………………………….. 596
  • Table 337: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in electronics coatings………………………………………….. 597
  • Table 338: Nanomaterials-based products in the electronics coatings market……………………………………………….. 597
  • Table 339: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in electronics coatings……………………………. 598
  • Table 340: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in photonics……………………………………………………. 600
  • Table 341: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………….. 600
  • Table 342: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators……………………………………………….. 602
  • Table 343: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in photonics……………………………………………………….. 604
  • Table 344: Nanomaterials-based products in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 604
  • Table 345: Nanomaterials-based product and application developers in photonics…………………………………………. 606
  • Table 346: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in filtration and environmental remediation…………….. 607
  • Table 347: Types of filtration……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 609
  • Table 348: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………… 610
  • Table 349: Applications in airborne filters, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………. 612
  • Table 350: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 613
  • Table 351: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in filtration and environmental remediation………………… 613
  • Table 352: Nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market…………………………………………… 614
  • Table 353: Market challenges for nanotechnology in filtration……………………………………………………………………. 614
  • Table 354: Nanomaterials-based products application and product developers in filtration and environmental remediation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 615
  • Table 355: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in food and agriculture………………………………………. 619
  • Table 356: Applications in food packaging, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 621
  • Table 357: Applications in food coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………….. 622
  • Table 358: Applications in food additives and supplements, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………….. 624
  • Table 359: Applications in agricultural production, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………….. 624
  • Table 360: Food packaging products incorporating nanomaterials……………………………………………………………… 626
  • Table 361: Nanomaterials-based products in the food and agriculture market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 627
  • Table 362: Market challenges for nanotechnology in food and agriculture……………………………………………………. 628
  • Table 363: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in food and agriculture…………………………… 628
  • Table 364: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in fuel cells and hydrogen storage……………………….. 631
  • Table 365: Applications in fuel cells, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………… 633
  • Table 366: Applications hydrogen storage, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 634
  • Table 367: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in fuel cells and hydrogen storage…………………………… 634
  • Table 368: Nanomaterials-based products in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market………………………………… 634
  • Table 369: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage…………….. 635
  • Table 370: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in household care and sanitary……………………………. 637
  • Table 371: Applications in anti-microbial coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………. 638
  • Table 372: Applications in anti-fingerprint nanocoatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………. 640
  • Table 373: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in household care and sanitary……………………………….. 640
  • Table 374: Nanomaterials-based products in the household care and sanitary market……………………………………. 641
  • Table 375: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in household care and sanitary………………… 642
  • Table 376: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in lighting……………………………………………………….. 645
  • Table 377: Applications in lighting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………………… 646
  • Table 378: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in batteries…………………………………………………………. 647
  • Table 379: Nanomaterials-based products in the lighting market……………………………………………………………….. 648
  • Table 380: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in lighting…………………………………………… 648
  • Table 381: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in lubricants……………………………………………………. 650
  • Table 382: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………….. 651
  • Table 383: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in lubricants……………………………………………………….. 651
  • Table 384: Nanomaterials-based products in the lubricants market…………………………………………………………….. 652
  • Table 385: Nanotechnology-based and nanomaterials application and product developers in lubricants……………… 652
  • Table 386: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in the marine market………………………………………… 654
  • Table 387: Nanocoatings applied in the marine industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized and benefits……….. 655
  • Table 388: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in the marine sector……………………………………………… 656
  • Table 389: Nanomaterials-based products in the marine market………………………………………………………………… 657
  • Table 390: Nanomaterials-based product and application developers in the marine industry……………………………. 658
  • Table 391: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in oil and gas exploration…………………………………… 660
  • Table 392: Applications in sensing and reservoir management, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 662
  • Table 393: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………… 662
  • Table 394: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 663
  • Table 395: Applications in oil & gas exploration sorbent materials, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…….. 664
  • Table 396: Applications in separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………. 664
  • Table 397: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in oil and gas exploration………………………………………. 664
  • Table 398: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the oil and gas market……………………………… 665
  • Table 399: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in oil & gas exploration…………………………. 666
  • Table 400: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in packaging…………………………………………………… 669
  • Table 401: Applications in packaging, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………. 671
  • Table 402: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in packaging………………………………………………………. 672
  • Table 403: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in packaging……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 673
  • Table 404: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the packaging market………………………………. 675
  • Table 405: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in packaging………………………………………. 676
  • Table 406: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in security and defence……………………………………… 679
  • Table 407: Applications in military textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 680
  • Table 408: Applications in military equipment, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………. 681
  • Table 409: Applications in anti-counterfeiting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………….. 682
  • Table 410: Applications in security and defence sensors and detection, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 682
  • Table 411: Applications in ballistic protection, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………….. 683
  • Table 412: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in security and defence…………………………………………. 683
  • Table 413: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the security and defence market………………… 684
  • Table 414: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in security and defence………………………… 686
  • Table 415: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in sensors………………………………………………………. 689
  • Table 416: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors……………………………………………………………… 690
  • Table 417: Applications in strain sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………….. 691
  • Table 418: Applications in strain sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………….. 692
  • Table 419: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………… 693
  • Table 420: Applications in food sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………… 694
  • Table 421: Applications in image sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………. 694
  • Table 422: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………. 695
  • Table 423: Applications in optical sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 695
  • Table 424: Applications in pressure sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………… 695
  • Table 425: Applications in humidity sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………… 696
  • Table 426: Applications in acoustic sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………… 696
  • Table 427: Applications in wireless sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………. 697
  • Table 428: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in sensors………………………………………………………….. 697
  • Table 429: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the sensors market………………………………….. 698
  • Table 430: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in sensors………………………………………….. 699
  • Table 431: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in solar………………………………………………………….. 702
  • Table 432: Applications in solar, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………… 704
  • Table 433: Applications in solar water splitting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………… 706
  • Table 434: Applications in solar coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………….. 707
  • Table 435: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in solar……………………………………………………………… 707
  • Table 436: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the solar market……………………………………… 709
  • Table 437: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar………………………………………………………………………….. 710
  • Table 438: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in solar……………………………………………… 710
  • Table 439: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in supercapacitors……………………………………………. 714
  • Table 440: Applications in supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………….. 714
  • Table 441: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in supercapacitors……………………………………………….. 715
  • Table 442: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the supercapacitors market……………………….. 716
  • Table 443: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in supercapacitors……………………………….. 716
  • Table 444: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in textiles and apparel………………………………………. 718
  • Table 445: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials…………….. 721
  • Table 446: Applications in textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………………… 722
  • Table 447: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 724
  • Table 448: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the textiles and apparel market………………….. 727
  • Table 449: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in textiles………………………….. 728
  • Table 450: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in tools & manufacturing……………………………………. 731
  • Table 451: Applications in tools & manufacturing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………….. 732
  • Table 452: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the tools and manufacturing market…………….. 733
  • Table 453: Nanomaterials-based products and application developers in tools & manufacturing……………………….. 734
  • Table 454: Market drivers for nanomaterials-based products in 3D printing………………………………………………….. 737
  • Table 455: Applications in 3D printing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………… 737
  • Table 456: Market size for nanomaterials-based products in 3D printing……………………………………………………… 738
  • Table 457: Market opportunity for nanomaterials-based products in the 3D printing market……………………………… 739
  • Table 458: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in 3D printing……………………………………….. 739
  • Table 459: Applications in catalysts, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………… 741
  • Table 460: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in catalysts………………………………………….. 742
  • Table 461: Nanomaterials-based application and product developers in cabling……………………………………………. 743
  • Table 462: Nanomaterials application and product developers in sporting goods…………………………………………… 744
  • Table 463: Applications in wind energy nanocomposites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………… 746
  • Table 464: Applications in wind energy nanosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………….. 747
  • Table 465: Applications in wind energy nanocoatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………….. 747
  • Table 466: Nanomaterials application and product developers in wind energy………………………………………………. 747
  • Table 467: Applications in thermoelectrics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………… 748
  • Table 468: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in thermoelectrics……………….. 749

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Demand for nanomaterials (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………………………….. 53
  • Figure 2: Demand for aluminium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018………………………………………………………….. 56
  • Figure 3: Demand for aluminium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030………………………………………………………….. 56
  • Figure 4: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles…………………………………………… 57
  • Figure 5: Demand of aluminium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………. 58
  • Figure 6: Demand for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2018………………………………………………………….. 59
  • Figure 7: Demand for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2030………………………………………………………….. 59
  • Figure 8: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018……………………………………………………….. 64
  • Figure 9: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030……………………………………………………….. 64
  • Figure 10: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles………………………………………. 65
  • Figure 11: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………. 66
  • Figure 12: Demand of Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2018……………………………………………………… 67
  • Figure 13: Demand of Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2030……………………………………………………… 67
  • Figure 14: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018……………………………………………………………. 72
  • Figure 15: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030……………………………………………………………. 73
  • Figure 16: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles…………………………………………….. 74
  • Figure 17: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………. 75
  • Figure 18: Demand for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2018……………………………………………………………. 75
  • Figure 19: Demand for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2030……………………………………………………………. 76
  • Figure 20: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model………………………………….. 80
  • Figure 21. TEM image of FWNTs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81
  • Figure 22: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns…………………………………………………………………………. 81
  • Figure 23: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red…. 82
  • Figure 24: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes………………………………………….. 85
  • Figure 25: Demand for multi-walled carbon nanotubes, by market 2018………………………………………………………… 86
  • Figure 26: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market 2030………………………………………………………………………… 87
  • Figure 27: Demand for multi-walled carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………… 88
  • Figure 28: Demand for multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes by region 2018………………………………………………………… 89
  • Figure 29: Demand for multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes by region 2030………………………………………………………… 89
  • Figure 30: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for cerium oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………….. 97
  • Figure 31: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018…………………………………………………………….. 98
  • Figure 32: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030…………………………………………………………….. 99
  • Figure 33: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………. 100
  • Figure 34: Demand for Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2018…………………………………………………………… 101
  • Figure 35: Demand for Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2030…………………………………………………………… 102
  • Figure 36: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018…………………………………………………………….. 106
  • Figure 37: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles, by region 2030……………………………………………………………… 107
  • Figure 38: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles……………………………………………… 107
  • Figure 39: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………….. 108
  • Figure 40: Demand for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2018……………………………………………………………. 109
  • Figure 41: Demand for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2030……………………………………………………………. 110
  • Figure 42: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by market, 2018…………………………………………………………… 113
  • Figure 43: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by market, 2030…………………………………………………………… 114
  • Figure 44: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for copper oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………. 115
  • Figure 45: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………. 116
  • Figure 46: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by region, 2018……………………………………………………………. 117
  • Figure 47: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by region, 2030……………………………………………………………. 117
  • Figure 48: Dendrimer structure…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 121
  • Figure 49: Dendrimer schematic for application in biomedicine………………………………………………………………….. 122
  • Figure 50: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for dendrimers…………………………………………………………………… 125
  • Figure 51: Demand for dendrimers by market, 2018……………………………………………………………………………….. 125
  • Figure 52: Demand for dendrimers by market, 2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 126
  • Figure 53: Demand for dendrimers (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………… 127
  • Figure 54: Demand for dendrimers by region 2018…………………………………………………………………………………. 128
  • Figure 55: Demand for dendrimers by region 2030…………………………………………………………………………………. 129
  • Figure 56: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for fullerenes…………………………………………………………………….. 134
  • Figure 57: Demand for fullerenes, by market 2018………………………………………………………………………………….. 134
  • Figure 58: Demand for fullerenes, by market 2030………………………………………………………………………………….. 135
  • Figure 59: Demand for fullerenes (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 136
  • Figure 60: Demand for fullerenes by region 2018……………………………………………………………………………………. 137
  • Figure 61: Demand for fullerenes by region 2030……………………………………………………………………………………. 138
  • Figure 62: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for gold nanoparticles…………………………………………………………. 144
  • Figure 63: Demand for gold nanoparticles, by market 2018………………………………………………………………………. 145
  • Figure 64: Demand for gold nanoparticles, by region 2030……………………………………………………………………….. 146
  • Figure 65: Demand for gold nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………………….. 147
  • Figure 66: Demand for gold nanoparticles by region 2018………………………………………………………………………… 148
  • Figure 67: Demand for gold nanoparticles by region 2030………………………………………………………………………… 149
  • Figure 68: Graphene layer structure schematic……………………………………………………………………………………… 154
  • Figure 69: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene…………………………………………………………………….. 159
  • Figure 70: Demand for graphene, by market 2018………………………………………………………………………………….. 160
  • Figure 71: Demand for graphene, by region 2030…………………………………………………………………………………… 161
  • Figure 72: Demand for graphene 2010-2030 in tons/year…………………………………………………………………………. 162
  • Figure 73: Graphene oxide production capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018……………………………………………….. 164
  • Figure 74: Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by region, 2010-2018…………………………………………………… 166
  • Figure 75: CVD Graphene on Cu Foil………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 167
  • Figure 76: Production volumes of graphene by region 2018……………………………………………………………………… 169
  • Figure 77: Production volumes of graphene by region 2030……………………………………………………………………… 169
  • Figure 78: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for iron oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………….. 186
  • Figure 79: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018……………………………………………………………….. 187
  • Figure 80: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030……………………………………………………………….. 187
  • Figure 81: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………….. 189
  • Figure 82: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles by region 2018…………………………………………………………………. 190
  • Figure 83: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles by region 2030…………………………………………………………………. 190
  • Figure 84: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for magnesium oxide nanoparticles……………………………………….. 196
  • Figure 85: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018…………………………………………………….. 197
  • Figure 86: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030…………………………………………………….. 197
  • Figure 87: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………… 198
  • Figure 88: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles by region 2018………………………………………………………. 199
  • Figure 89: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles by region 2030………………………………………………………. 199
  • Figure 90: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for manganese oxide nanoparticles……………………………………….. 203
  • Figure 91: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018…………………………………………………….. 204
  • Figure 92: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030…………………………………………………….. 204
  • Figure 93: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………… 206
  • Figure 94: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles by region 2018………………………………………………………. 206
  • Figure 95: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles by region 2030………………………………………………………. 207
  • Figure 96: Types of nanocellulose………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 211
  • Figure 97: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanocellulose……………………………………………………………….. 218
  • Figure 98: Demand for nanocellulose 2018, tons……………………………………………………………………………………. 221
  • Figure 99: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons)………………………………… 222
  • Figure 100: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities 2018…………………………………………………. 223
  • Figure 101: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, percentage………………………………………………………. 224
  • Figure 102: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018…………………………………………………………………….. 226
  • Figure 103: Nanoclays structure. The dimensions of a clay platelet are typically 200-1000 nm in lateral dimension and 1 nm thick………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 236
  • Figure 104: TEM of montmorillonite…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 237
  • Figure 105:  TEM of halloysite nanotubes…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 237
  • Figure 106: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanoclays………………………………………………………………….. 239
  • Figure 107: Demand for nanoclays, by market 2018……………………………………………………………………………….. 240
  • Figure 108: Demand for nanoclays, by market 2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 240
  • Figure 109: Demand for nanoclays (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………… 242
  • Figure 110: Demand for nanoclays by region 2018…………………………………………………………………………………. 242
  • Figure 111: Demand for nanoclays by region 2030…………………………………………………………………………………. 243
  • Figure 112: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market 2018…………………………………………………………………………. 252
  • Figure 113: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market 2030…………………………………………………………………………. 252
  • Figure 114: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds…………………………………………………………….. 253
  • Figure 115: Demand for nanodiamonds, 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 254
  • Figure 116: Demand for nanodiamonds by region 2018…………………………………………………………………………… 255
  • Figure 117: Demand for nanodiamonds by region 2030…………………………………………………………………………… 256
  • Figure 118: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanofibers………………………………………………………………….. 260
  • Figure 119: Demand for nanofibers, by market 2018……………………………………………………………………………….. 261
  • Figure 120: Demand for nanofibers, by market 2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 261
  • Figure 121: Production volumes of nanofibers (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………….. 263
  • Figure 122: Demand for nanofibers by region 2018…………………………………………………………………………………. 263
  • Figure 123: Demand for nanofibers by region 2030…………………………………………………………………………………. 264
  • Figure 124: Supply chain for nanosilver products……………………………………………………………………………………. 270
  • Figure 125: Demand for nanosilver, by market 2018……………………………………………………………………………….. 271
  • Figure 126: Demand for nanosilver, by market 2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 272
  • Figure 127: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanosilver………………………………………………………………….. 273
  • Figure 128: Demand for nanosilver (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………………………………… 274
  • Figure 129: Demand for nanosilver, by region 2018………………………………………………………………………………… 275
  • Figure 130: Demand for nanosilver, by region 2030………………………………………………………………………………… 275
  • Figure 131: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanowires………………………………………………………………….. 281
  • Figure 132: Demand for nanowires, by market 2018……………………………………………………………………………….. 282
  • Figure 133: Demand for nanowires, by market 2030……………………………………………………………………………….. 282
  • Figure 134: Demand for nanowires, by region 2018………………………………………………………………………………… 283
  • Figure 135: Demand for nanowires, by region 2030………………………………………………………………………………… 283
  • Figure 136: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by market 2018…………………………………………………………………… 288
  • Figure 137: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by market 2030…………………………………………………………………… 288
  • Figure 138: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nickel nanoparticles……………………………………………………… 289
  • Figure 139: Demand for nickel nanoparticle (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………………….. 290
  • Figure 140: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by region 2018……………………………………………………………………. 290
  • Figure 141: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by region 2030……………………………………………………………………. 291
  • Figure 142: Quantum dot………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 294
  • Figure 143: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band. 295
  • Figure 144. Quantum dot film schematic………………………………………………………………………………………………. 298
  • Figure 145: Quantum Dots on Glass schematic……………………………………………………………………………………… 299
  • Figure 146: Samsung 8K 65″ QD Glass……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 300
  • Figure 147: QD/OLED hybrid  schematic………………………………………………………………………………………………. 301
  • Figure 148: Electroluminescent quantum dots schematic…………………………………………………………………………. 302
  • Figure 149: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for quantum dots……………………………………………………………… 304
  • Figure 150: Demand for quantum dots, by market 2018…………………………………………………………………………… 305
  • Figure 151: Demand for quantum dots, by region 2030……………………………………………………………………………. 306
  • Figure 152: Total QD revenues 2013-2030 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates………………………………….. 307
  • Figure 153: Demand quantum dots by region 2018…………………………………………………………………………………. 308
  • Figure 154: Demand quantum dots by region 2030…………………………………………………………………………………. 308
  • Figure 155: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for silicon oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………… 316
  • Figure 156: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018………………………………………………………….. 316
  • Figure 157: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030………………………………………………………….. 317
  • Figure 158: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030………………………………………………………… 318
  • Figure 159: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles by region 2018……………………………………………………………. 319
  • Figure 160: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles by region 2030……………………………………………………………. 319
  • Figure 161: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for single-walled Carbon Nanotubes…………………………………….. 330
  • Figure 162: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market 2018…………………………………………………… 331
  • Figure 163: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2030………………………………………………….. 332
  • Figure 164: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles…………………………………………. 339
  • Figure 165: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by market 2018……………………………………………………… 339
  • Figure 166: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by market 2030……………………………………………………… 340
  • Figure 167: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles (tons), conservative and optimistic estimates 2010-2030….. 341
  • Figure 168: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by region 2018………………………………………………………. 342
  • Figure 169: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by region 2030………………………………………………………. 342
  • Figure 170: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018……………………………………………………………… 350
  • Figure 171: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030……………………………………………………………… 350
  • Figure 172: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030…………………………………………………………… 352
  • Figure 173: Production volumes of zinc oxide nanoparticles, by region 2018………………………………………………… 353
  • Figure 174: Production volumes of zinc oxide nanoparticles, by region 2030………………………………………………… 353
  • Figure 175: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2018……………………………………………………… 362
  • Figure 176: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2030……………………………………………………… 362
  • Figure 177: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2030……………………………………………………. 363
  • Figure 178: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by region 2018………………………………………………………. 364
  • Figure 179: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by region 2030………………………………………………………. 364
  • Figure 180: Nanoparticles and their application in theranostics………………………………………………………………….. 466
  • Figure 181: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2030, billions $………………. 484
  • Figure 182: Global revenues for nanocoatings, 2010-2030, millions USD, conservative estimate………………………. 496
  • Figure 183: Global consumption of nanocomposites 2015-2030, by nanomaterials type, tons…………………………… 522
  • Figure 184: Global market segmentation for cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorprating nanomaterials, by market sub-sector……………………………………………………………………………………………… 560
  • Figure 185: QD-LCD supply chain………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 572