The Global Market for Wearable Electronics 2021-2031

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Published December 2021 | 446 pages, 102 figures, 66 tables | Table of contents

Wearables are body-borne computational and sensory devices which can sense the person who wears them and/or their environment. Wearables can communicate either directly through embedded wireless connectivity or through another device (e.g. a smartphone). The data collected by the wearable device about the user or its environment is processed in a processing unit located locally or in an external server, and the results are ultimately provided to the wearer. Smart wearables may have control, communication, storage and actuation capabilities. The number and variety of wearable electronic devices has increased significantly in the past few years, as they offer significant enhancements to human comfort, health and well-being.

There is increasing demand for wearable electronics from industries such as:

  • Medical and healthcare monitoring and diagnostics. 
  • Sportswear and fitness monitoring (bands).
  • Consumer electronics such as smart watches, smart glasses and headsets.
  • Military GPS trackers, equipment (helmets) and wearable robots.
  • Smart apparel and footwear in fashion and sport.
  • Workplace safety and manufacturing.

 

Wearable and mobile health monitoring technologies are important due to the rapidly aging global populations and the drastically increasing demand for in-home healthcare. Commercially available and near commercial wearable devices facilitate the transmission of biomedical informatics and personal health recording. Body worn sensors, which can provide real-time continuous measurement of pertinent physiological parameters noninvasively and comfortably for extended periods of time, are of crucial importance for emerging applications of mobile medicine.

Advancements over the last few years in electronics have also led to the development of electronic (E-textiles) or smart textiles. Smart textiles and garments can sense environmental stimuli and react or adapt in a predetermined way. This involves either embedding or integrating sensors/actuators ad electronic components into textiles for use in applications such as medical diagnostics and health monitoring, consumer electronics, safety instruments and automotive textiles.

Report contents include: 

  • In-depth market review of current products and technology development in Smartwatches, sports and fitness trackers, sleep trackers and wearable monitors, Smart glasses and head-mounted displays (VR, AR, MR, vision loss and eye trackers), military, Industrial and workplace monitoring, flexible and stretchable electronics, e-textiles and smart clothing, artificial skin, skin patches, wearable health alert and monitoring devices, Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), hydration and sweat sensors, wearable drug delivery, cosmetics patches, smart footwear, smart contact lenses, smart wound care, exoskeletons and hearables. 
  • In depth product assessment including products, producers, functionalities and prices. 
  • Global market revenues, historical and forecast to 2031 for wearable electronics, medical wearables, electronic textiles and smart clothing and sub markets thereof.
  • Over 300 company profiles. Companies profiled include BeBop Sensors, dorsaVi Ltd, Enhanlabo Co., Ltd., Equivital Inc., FeelIT, HP1 Technologies Ltd., miomove s.r.o, Neosensory, Abbott Laboratories, Add Care Ltd., AerBetic, Inc., Avanix srl, Biobeat Technologies Ltd., biolinq Inc, CareWear, Cosinuss GmbH, Seventh Sense Biosystems, Cogwear, WearOptimo, Rhaeos, Neurava and many more. 

 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   28

  • 1.1          The evolution of electronics        29
  • 1.2          The wearables revolution             31
  • 1.3          Wearable market leaders             35
  • 1.4          From rigid to flexible and stretchable      35
  • 1.5          Flexible and stretchable electronics in wearables               37
  • 1.6          Stretchable artificial skin               40
  • 1.7          Organic and printed electronics 40
  • 1.8          Wearable electronics in the textiles industry        41
  • 1.9          New conductive materials            43
  • 1.10        Foldable smartphones and tablets            46
  • 1.11        Entertainment  49
  • 1.12        Growth in flexible and stretchable electronics market      50
    • 1.12.1    Recent growth in Printed, flexible and stretchable products          50
    • 1.12.2    Future growth   50
    • 1.12.3    Nanotechnology as a market driver          50
    • 1.12.4    Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics       51
  • 1.13        Innovations at CES 2021 53
  • 1.14        Investment funding 2019-2021   53

 

2              THE WEARABLE CONSUMER ELECTRONICS MARKET          56

  • 2.1          Market drivers and trends            56
  • 2.2          Recent developments    59
  • 2.3          Smartwatches   60
    • 2.3.1      Recent innovations         60
    • 2.3.2      Health monitoring           60
    • 2.3.3      Energy harvesting for powering smartwatches    60
    • 2.3.4      Main smart watch producers and products           61
  • 2.4          Sports and fitness trackers           62
    • 2.4.1      Wearable devices            63
    • 2.4.2      Skin patches       63
    • 2.4.3      Products              64
  • 2.5          Sleep trackers and wearable monitors    66
    • 2.5.1      Built in function in smart watches and fitness trackers     67
    • 2.5.2      Smart rings         68
    • 2.5.3      Headbands         68
    • 2.5.4      Patches 69
    • 2.5.5      Masks   70
  • 2.6          Smart glasses and head-mounted displays (VR, AR, MR, vision loss and eye trackers)         70
    • 2.6.1      Products              70
    • 2.6.2      Virtual Reality (VR) devices          74
    • 2.6.3      Augmented (AR) headsets and smart glasses       75
    • 2.6.4      Mixed Reality (MR) smart glasses              76
  • 2.7          Military wearables          77
  • 2.8          Industrial and workplace monitoring       78
    • 2.8.1      Products              78
  • 2.9          Global market size           78
    • 2.9.1      By product type, 2015-2031, billions USD              80
    • 2.9.2      Market share by product type    83
  • 2.10        Market challenges           83
  • 2.11        Company profiles             85 (68 company profiles)

 

3              MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE WEARABLES               130

  • 3.1          Market drivers  130
  • 3.2          Current state of the art  133
    • 3.2.1      Wearable medical device products           134
    • 3.2.2      Temperature and respiratory rate monitoring     137
  • 3.3          Wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation   138
    • 3.3.1      Companies and products              139
  • 3.4          Electronic skin patches  144
    • 3.4.1      Applications       144
    • 3.4.2      Materials             146
      • 3.4.2.1   Nanomaterials-based devices     147
    • 3.4.3      Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)   149
      • 3.4.3.1   Minimally-invasive CGM sensors               150
      • 3.4.3.2   Non-invasive CGM sensors          153
      • 3.4.3.3   Minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose monitoring companies and products              155
    • 3.4.4      Cardiovascular   158
      • 3.4.4.1   ECG sensors       158
        • 3.4.4.1.1               Companies and products              159
      • 3.4.4.2   PPG sensors       161
        • 3.4.4.2.1               Companies and products              161
    • 3.4.5      Pregnancy and newborn monitoring        161
      • 3.4.5.1   Companies and products              161
    • 3.4.6      Wearable temperature monitoring          163
      • 3.4.6.1   Companies and products              164
    • 3.4.7      Hydration sensors           165
      • 3.4.7.1   Companies and products              165
    • 3.4.8      Wearable sweat sensors (medical and sports)     166
      • 3.4.8.1   Companies and products              168
  • 3.5          Wearable drug delivery 169
    • 3.5.1      Companies and products              170
  • 3.6          Cosmetics patches           171
    • 3.6.1      Companies and products              172
  • 3.7          Smart footwear for health monitoring     173
    • 3.7.1      Companies and products              173
  • 3.8          Smart contact lenses      174
    • 3.8.1      Companies and products              174
  • 3.9          Smart woundcare            175
    • 3.9.1      Companies and products              177
  • 3.10        Wearable exoskeletons 178
    • 3.10.1    Companies and products              178
  • 3.11        Medical hearables           180
    • 3.11.1    Companies and products              181
  • 3.12        Global market size           182
    • 3.12.1    By product type, 2015-2031, billions USD              182
    • 3.12.2    Market share, by product type   185
  • 3.13        Market challenges           185
  • 3.14        Company profiles             187 (149 profiles)

 

4              ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES) AND SMART APPAREL              292

  • 4.1          Market drivers  292
  • 4.2          Performance requirements for E-textiles               295
  • 4.3          Growth prospects for electronic textiles 296
  • 4.4          Materials and components          297
    • 4.4.1      Conductive and stretchable yarns             297
    • 4.4.2      Conductive polymers     299
      • 4.4.2.1   PDMS    300
      • 4.4.2.2   PEDOT: PSS         300
    • 4.4.3      Conductive coatings        301
    • 4.4.4      Conductive inks 302
    • 4.4.5      Nanomaterials  304
      • 4.4.5.1   Nanocoatings in smart textiles   306
      • 4.4.5.2   Graphene           309
      • 4.4.5.3   Nanofibers         311
      • 4.4.5.4   Carbon nanotubes           312
  • 4.5          Phase change materials 315
    • 4.5.1      Temperature controlled fabrics  315
  • 4.6          Smart clothing products 316
  • 4.7          Electronic textile products           318
  • 4.8          Temperature monitoring and regulation 319
    • 4.8.1      Heated clothing 319
    • 4.8.2      Heated gloves   320
    • 4.8.3      Heated insoles  321
    • 4.8.4      Heated jacket and clothing products        321
    • 4.8.5      Materials used in flexible heaters and applications            322
  • 4.9          Stretchable E-fabrics       323
  • 4.10        Wearable therapeutic products 324
  • 4.11        Sports and fitness            325
  • 4.12        Smart footwear 326
    • 4.12.1    Companies and products              326
  • 4.13        Military 327
  • 4.14        Flexible and wearable display advertising              328
  • 4.15        Textile-based lighting     329
    • 4.15.1    OLEDs   329
  • 4.16        Smart diapers    329
    • 4.16.1    Companies and products              329
  • 4.17        Automotive        331
  • 4.18        Powering E-textiles         331
    • 4.18.1    Batteries              332
    • 4.18.2    Supercapacitors 333
    • 4.18.3    Energy harvesting            334
      • 4.18.3.1                Photovoltaic solar textiles            334
      • 4.18.3.2                Energy harvesting nanogenerators           335
      • 4.18.3.3                TENGs   336
      • 4.18.3.4                PENGs  336
      • 4.18.3.5                Radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting 337
  • 4.19        Global market size           337
    • 4.19.1    E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2021     337
    • 4.19.2    By product type, 2015-2031, billions USD              338
    • 4.19.3    Market share, by product type   340
  • 4.20        Market challenges           340
  • 4.21        Company profiles             342 (119 profiles)

 

5              RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         433

 

6              REFERENCES       434

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Types of wearable devices and applications.        32
  • Table 2. Types of wearable devices and the data collected.            34
  • Table 3. Wearable market leaders by market segment.   35
  • Table 4. Applications in printed, flexible and stretchable electronics, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                38
  • Table 5. Advanced materials for Printed, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages.  44
  • Table 6. Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).       45
  • Table 7. Foldable smartphones and tablets, on or near market.   46
  • Table 8. Wearable electronics at CES 2021.            53
  • Table 9. Wearables Investment funding 2019-2021.           53
  • Table 10. Market drivers and trends in wearable electronics.        56
  • Table 11. Wearable health monitors.       60
  • Table 12. Main smart watch producers and products.      61
  • Table 13. Wearable sensors for sports performance.        64
  • Table 14. Wearable sensor products for monitoring sport performance.  64
  • Table 15. Example wearable sleep tracker products and prices.    66
  • Table 16. Smart ring products.    68
  • Table 17. Sleep headband products.        69
  • Table 18. Smart sleep mask products.     70
  • Table 19. Smart glasses companies and products.              70
  • Table 20. VR headset products. 75
  • Table 21. Augmented reality (AR) smart glass products.  76
  • Table 22. Mixed Reality (MR) smart glass products.           76
  • Table 23. Wearable electronics applications in the military.           77
  • Table 24. Wearable workplace products.               78
  • Table 25. Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2031, by product type, billions $. 81
  • Table 26.Market challenges in wearable electronics.        83
  • Table 27. Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.        130
  • Table 28. Examples of wearable medical device products.              134
  • Table 29. Medical wearable companies applying products to COVID-19 monitoring and analysis.  137
  • Table 30. Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.                146
  • Table 31. Wearable bio-signal monitoring devices.            148
  • Table 32. Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection-advantages and disadvantages.                150
  • Table 33. Commercial devices for non-invasive glucose monitoring not released or withdrawn from market.          153
  • Table 34. Minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose monitoring products.         155
  • Table 35. Companies developing wearable swear sensors.             168
  • Table 36. Wearable drug delivery companies and products.          170
  • Table 37. Companies and products, cosmetics and drug delivery patches.               172
  • Table 38. Companies and products in smart footwear.    173
  • Table 39. Companies and products in smart contact lenses.          174
  • Table 40. Companies and products in smart wound care.                177
  • Table 41. Companies developing wearable exoskeletons.               178
  • Table 42. Companies and products in hearables. 181
  • Table 43. Global medical and healthcare wearables market, 2017-2031, billions $, by product.      183
  • Table 44. Market challenges in medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.   185
  • Table 45. Market drivers for printed, flexible, stretchable and organic electronic textiles. 292
  • Table 46. Examples of smart textile products.      294
  • Table 47. Performance requirements for E-textiles.          295
  • Table 48. Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.        300
  • Table 49. Typical conductive ink formulation.      302
  • Table 50. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       303
  • Table 51. Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.           305
  • Table 52. Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.       306
  • Table 53. Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.  309
  • Table 54. Properties of CNTs and comparable materials. 313
  • Table 55. Commercially available smart clothing products.             316
  • Table 56. Electronic textile products.       318
  • Table 57. Example heated jacket products.           320
  • Table 58. Heated jacket and clothing products.   321
  • Table 59. Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.               322
  • Table 60. Companies and products in smart footwear.    326
  • Table 61. Wearable electronics applications in the military.           328
  • Table 62. Companies developing smart diaper products. 329
  • Table 63. Comparison of prototype batteries (flexible, textile, and other) in terms of area-specific performance.  332
  • Table 64. E-textiles investments and funding 2020-2021. 337
  • Table 65. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).             338
  • Table 66. Market challenges in E-textiles.              340

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Evolution of electronics.             30
  • Figure 2. Wove Band.     36
  • Figure 3. Wearable graphene medical sensor.     37
  • Figure 4. Stretchable transistor. 38
  • Figure 5. Artificial skin prototype for gesture recognition.              40
  • Figure 6. Applications timeline for organic and printed electronics.            41
  • Figure 7. Applications of wearable flexible sensors worn on various body parts.    42
  • Figure 8. Systemization of wearable electronic systems. 43
  • Figure 9. Intel Horseshoe Bend. 47
  • Figure 10. ThinkPad X1 Fold.        47
  • Figure 11. Motorola Razr.             47
  • Figure 12. Galaxy Fold 2.               48
  • Figure 13. Galaxy Z Flip. 48
  • Figure 14. Tri-fold phone-tablet hybrid.  48
  • Figure 15. TCL rollable phone.    49
  • Figure 16. Xiaomi MIX Flex.          49
  • Figure 17. Baby Monitor.              52
  • Figure 18. Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.      52
  • Figure 19. Wearable bio-fluid monitoring system for monitoring of hydration.      63
  • Figure 20. Beddr SleepTuner.     69
  • Figure 21. Vuzix Blade.   75
  • Figure 22. NReal Light MR smart glasses.               76
  • Figure 23. Global market for wearables, 2015-2031, by product type, billions US$.              80
  • Figure 24. Global market for hearables, 2017-2031, by product type, billions US$.               82
  • Figure 25. Global market for wearables, 2020-2031, by market share of product type        83
  • Figure 26. RealWear HMT-1.        120
  • Figure 27. Wiliot tags.    127
  • Figure 28. Connected human body and product examples.            134
  • Figure 29. Companies and products in wearable health monitoring and rehabilitation devices and products.           139
  • Figure 30. Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs.  145
  • Figure 31. Graphene medical patch.         147
  • Figure 32. Graphene-based E-skin patch.               148
  • Figure 33. Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection.           150
  • Figure 34. Schematic of non-invasive CGM sensor.            154
  • Figure 35. Adhesive wearable CGM sensor.          154
  • Figure 36. VitalPatch.     159
  • Figure 37. Wearable ECG-textile.              159
  • Figure 38. Wearable ECG recorder.           160
  • Figure 39. Nexkin™.        160
  • Figure 40. Bloomlife.      162
  • Figure 41. Enfucell wearable temperature tag.    164
  • Figure 42. TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer.   165
  • Figure 43. Nanowire skin hydration patch.             165
  • Figure 44. NIX sensors.  166
  • Figure 45. Wearable sweat sensor.           166
  • Figure 46. Wearable sweat sensor.           167
  • Figure 47. Gatorade's GX Sweat Patch.   168
  • Figure 48. Sweat sensor incorporated into face mask.      168
  • Figure 49. Lab-on-Skin™.              169
  • Figure 50. D-mine Pump.              170
  • Figure 51. My UV Patch. 171
  • Figure 52. Overview layers of L'Oreal skin patch. 172
  • Figure 53. Digitsole Smartshoe. 173
  • Figure 54. Schematic of smart wound dressing.  176
  • Figure 55. REPAIR electronic patch concept. Image courtesy of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.    177
  • Figure 56. Honda Walking Assist.               178
  • Figure 57. archelis wearable chair.            179
  • Figure 58. Nuheara IQbuds² Max.             180
  • Figure 59. Global medical and healthcare wearables market, 2017-2031, billions $, by product.    183
  • Figure 60. Global market for medical and healthcare sensors and wearables, 2020-2031, by market share of product type.     185
  • Figure 61. KneeStim.      196
  • Figure 62. Structure of Azalea Vision’s smart contact lens.             200
  • Figure 63. Cogwear Headband.  213
  • Figure 64. KnowU™.       240
  • Figure 65. Modius Sleep wearable device.             254
  • Figure 66. Sylvee 1.0.      265
  • Figure 67. RootiRx.          267
  • Figure 68. Ultrahuman wearable glucose monitor.             282
  • Figure 69. Zeit Medical Wearable Headband.       290
  • Figure 70. Conductive yarns.       298
  • Figure 71. SEM image of cotton fibers with PEDOT:PSS coating.   299
  • Figure 72. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.              311
  • Figure 73. PCM cooling vest.       316
  • Figure 74. EXO2 Stormwalker 2 Heated Jacket.    319
  • Figure 75. Flexible polymer-based heated glove, sock and slipper.              321
  • Figure 76. ThermaCell Rechargeable Heated Insoles.        321
  • Figure 77. Myant sleeve tracks biochemical indicators in sweat.  324
  • Figure 78. Flexible polymer-based therapeutic products. 324
  • Figure 79. iStimUweaR . 325
  • Figure 80. Digitsole Smartshoe. 326
  • Figure 81. Basketball referee Royole fully flexible display.              328
  • Figure 82. ABENA Nova smart diaper.      330
  • Figure 83. Textile-based car seat heaters.              331
  • Figure 84. Micro-scale energy scavenging techniques.     334
  • Figure 85. Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper.     335
  • Figure 86 . 3D print piezoelectric material.            336
  • Figure 87. Global electronic textiles and smart clothing 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).Source: Future Markets.                339
  • Figure 88. Global market for electronics and smart textiles, 2020-2031, by market share of product type. 340
  • Figure 89. LED hooded jacket.    346
  • Figure 90. Heated element module.        347
  • Figure 91. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.              359
  • Figure 92. Descante Solar Thermo insulated jacket.           360
  • Figure 93. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.      361
  • Figure 94. HiFlex strain/pressure sensor.               369
  • Figure 95. KiTT motion tracking knee sleeve.       372
  • Figure 96. Electroskin integration schematic.       392
  • Figure 97. Vital Shirt from Nanoleq.         393
  • Figure 98. Nextiles e-fabric.         394
  • Figure 99. Prevayl sensor.            401
  • Figure 100. Smardii smart diaper.              413
  • Figure 101. Teslasuit.      418
  • Figure 102. YouCare smart shirt. 431

 

 

The Global Market for Wearable Electronics 2021-2031
The Global Market for Wearable Electronics 2021-2031
PDF download. Enterprise wide-licence.

The Global Market for Wearable Electronics 2021-2031
The Global Market for Wearable Electronics 2021-2031
PDF download and print edition. Enterprise wide-licence.

 

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