The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032

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Published June 2022 | 730 pages, 189 tables, 201 figures | Download Table of contents

The market for graphene has grown hugely in the past decade, with numerous products now on the market and more to come as graphene producers record steadily increasing revenues and OEMs witnessing significant returns in clothing, sportswear, footwear, tires, batteries etc. The market for graphene in batteries is witnessing large-scale investments. 

Graphene is attracting increasing attention from investors, researchers and industrial players due to exceptional mechanical, electronic, and thermal properties. Graphene is available in multi-ton quantities from many producers and has been identified by many industry sectors as a key materials that will drive future product development in flexible electronics, smart textiles, biosensors, drug delivery, water filtration, supercapacitors and more.

The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032 is the most comprehensive and up-to date report on graphene and 2D materials currently available, from the world's leading market authority on graphene and publisher of Graphene Magazine. Profiling over 350 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by graphene and 2D materials.

The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032 contains:

  • Assessment of graphene by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for graphene, technology drawbacks, competing materials, potential consumption of graphene to 2032 and main players.
  • Assessment of graphene materials (CVD graphene, graphene nano platelets, graphene oxide, etc), intermediate products (graphene masterbatches, dispersions, etc) and final products with graphene embedded (e.g. headphones, tennis racquets, etc). Tabular data on current graphene products.
  • Graphical depictions of graphene applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of graphene producer and distributor pricing in 2021.
  • Global market for graphene in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2032. Global graphene market size split by market in 2021 and for each application to 2032.
  • Full list of technology collaborations, strategic partnerships, and M&As in the global graphene market including collaboration dates. 
  • In-depth profiles of more than 362 graphene producers and application/product developers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Directa Plus, Global Graphene Group, Anaphite Limited, Saint Jean Carbon, Huvis, SafeLi LLC, Grapheal, Graphex Group Ltd, Versarien, Talga Resources, Archer Materials, Haydale Graphene, Paragraf, Graphenea and many more.
  • List of ex-graphene producers. 
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
  • Market overview of industry developments in 2020-22. 
  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of graphene, by market, and application.
  • Market assessment of other 2D materials.
  • Analysis of 2D materials market including Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs), hexagonal boron-nitride (BNNS), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC), Mxenes, Borophene, Phosphorene, Graphitic carbon nitride, Germanene, Graphyne, graphane, Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2), silicene, Stanene/tinene, Tungsten diselenide, Antimonene, diamene and indium selenide. 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   34

  • 1.1          Graphene properties     34
  • 1.2          Commercialization           35
  • 1.3          The graphene market to date     36
  • 1.4          The graphene market in 2021      37
  • 1.5          The graphene market in 2022      39
  • 1.6          Graphene commercial market developments 2020-2022 40
  • 1.7          Graphene funding and investments 2020-2022    45
  • 1.8          Publicly listed graphene companies         47
  • 1.9          Graphene global production capacities, in tons and by type          48
  • 1.10        Global demand for graphene      51
    • 1.10.1    Global graphene demand, to 2032, tons 51
    • 1.10.2    Global graphene demand, by end user market to 2032     53
    • 1.10.3    Graphene market, by region       57
      • 1.10.3.1                Asia-Pacific         57
      • 1.10.3.2                North America   60
      • 1.10.3.3                Europe 62
  • 1.11        Graphene products         63
  • 1.12        Industrial collaborations and licence agreements              66
  • 1.13        Graphene market challenges      74

 

2              OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE            76

  • 2.1          History  76
  • 2.2          Properties           77
  • 2.3          Types of graphene           78
    • 2.3.1      Graphene materials        79
      • 2.3.1.1   CVD Graphene  79
      • 2.3.1.2   Graphene nanoplatelets               81
      • 2.3.1.3   Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide    82
      • 2.3.1.4   Graphene quantum dots (GQDs)               83
    • 2.3.2      Intermediate products  98
      • 2.3.2.1   Graphene masterbatches             98
      • 2.3.2.2   Graphene dispersions    98

 

3              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             100

  • 3.1          Quality  101
  • 3.2          Assessment of graphene production methods    102

 

4              REGULATIONS   107

  • 4.1          Environmental, health and safety regulation        107
    • 4.1.1      Europe 107
    • 4.1.2      United States     108
    • 4.1.3      Asia-Pacific         109
  • 4.2          Workplace exposure      110

 

5              GRAPHENE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS             112

 

6              GRAPHENE PRODUCTION             114

  • 6.1          Commercial production capacities            115
  • 6.2          Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide production capacities        116
    • 6.2.1      By producer       116
  • 6.3          Graphene nanoplatelets production capacities   117
    • 6.3.1      By producer       118
  • 6.4          CVD graphene film           119
    • 6.4.1      By producer       119
  • 6.5          Graphene production issues and challenges         120
    • 6.5.1      Oversupply         120
    • 6.5.2      Quality  120
    • 6.5.3      Large-volume markets   121
    • 6.5.4      Commoditisation             121
    • 6.5.5      Industrial end-user perspective 122

 

7              GRAPHENE PRICING       123

  • 7.1          Pristine graphene flakes pricing/CVD graphene  125
  • 7.2          Few-Layer graphene pricing        126
  • 7.3          Graphene nanoplatelets pricing 127
  • 7.4          Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) pricing               128
  • 7.5          Graphene quantum dots pricing 130
  • 7.6          Multilayer graphene (MLG) pricing           131
  • 7.7          Graphene ink     132

 

8              MARKETS FOR GRAPHENE            133

  • 8.1          3D PRINTING     133
    • 8.1.1      Graphene in 3D printing 133
    • 8.1.2      Market outlook 133
    • 8.1.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  134
    • 8.1.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       137
    • 8.1.5      Product developers        139
  • 8.2          ADHESIVES         141
    • 8.2.1      Graphene in adhesives  141
    • 8.2.2      Market outlook 142
    • 8.2.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  142
    • 8.2.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       145
    • 8.2.5      Product developers        146
  • 8.3          AEROSPACE        148
    • 8.3.1      Market overview             148
    • 8.3.2      Market prospects            148
    • 8.3.3      Market assessment        149
    • 8.3.4      Applications Map             151
    • 8.3.5      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       152
    • 8.3.6      Product developers        153
  • 8.4          AUTOMOTIVE   156
    • 8.4.1      Graphene in the automotive sector          156
    • 8.4.2      Market outlook 158
    • 8.4.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  158
    • 8.4.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       161
    • 8.4.5      Product developers        163
  • 8.5          BATTERIES           166
    • 8.5.1      Graphene in batteries    167
      • 8.5.1.1   Battery market megatrends        168
    • 8.5.2      Market outlook 173
      • 8.5.2.1   Flexible and stretchable batteries             175
    • 8.5.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  176
    • 8.5.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       181
    • 8.5.5      Product developers        182
  • 8.6          COMPOSITES     189
    • 8.6.1      Graphene in composites               189
    • 8.6.2      Fiber-based polymer composite parts     189
      • 8.6.2.1   Market outlook 189
      • 8.6.2.2   Market drivers, trends and applications  190
    • 8.6.3      Metal-matrix composites             194
      • 8.6.3.1   Market drivers, trends and applications  194
    • 8.6.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       195
    • 8.6.5      Product developers        196
  • 8.7          CONDUCTIVE INKS          202
    • 8.7.1      Graphene in conductive inks       202
    • 8.7.2      Market outlook 202
    • 8.7.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  203
    • 8.7.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       207
    • 8.7.5      Product developers        209
  • 8.8          CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDINGS              212
    • 8.8.1      Graphene in construction and buildings  212
    • 8.8.2      Market outlook 212
    • 8.8.3      Market drivers, trends and applications  213
      • 8.8.3.1   Cement 213
      • 8.8.3.2   Asphalt bitumen               215
      • 8.8.3.3   Aerogels              216
    • 8.8.4      Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       217
    • 8.8.5      Product developers        218
  • 8.9          ELECTRONICS     221
    • 8.9.1      WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND DISPLAYS 221
      • 8.9.1.1   Graphene in wearable electronics and displays   221
      • 8.9.1.2   Market outlook 222
      • 8.9.1.3   Market drivers, trends and applications  222
      • 8.9.1.4   Global market, historical and forecast to 2032      225
      • 8.9.1.5   Product developers        226
    • 8.9.2      TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS            228
      • 8.9.2.1   Graphene in transistors and integrated circuits    228
      • 8.9.2.2   Market outlook 228
      • 8.9.2.3   Market drivers, trends and applications  229
      • 8.9.2.4   Global market, historical and forecast to 2032      232
      • 8.9.2.5   Product developers        233
    • 8.9.3      MEMORY DEVICES           235
      • 8.9.3.1   Graphene in memory devices     235
      • 8.9.3.2   Market outlook 235
      • 8.9.3.3   Market drivers, trends and applications  236
      • 8.9.3.4   Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       237
      • 8.9.3.5   Product developers        239
  • 8.10        FILTER MEDIA    240
    • 8.10.1    Graphene in filter media               240
    • 8.10.2    Market prospects            240
    • 8.10.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  241
    • 8.10.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       245
    • 8.10.5    Product developers        247
  • 8.11        FUEL CELLS          250
    • 8.11.1    Graphene in fuel cells     250
    • 8.11.2    Market outlook 250
    • 8.11.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  251
    • 8.11.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       255
    • 8.11.5    Product developers        256
  • 8.12        LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICINE    257
    • 8.12.1    Graphene in life sciences and medicine  257
    • 8.12.2    Market outlook 258
      • 8.12.2.1                Drug delivery     258
      • 8.12.2.2                Imaging and diagnostics 259
      • 8.12.2.3                Implants              259
      • 8.12.2.4                Medical biosensors         260
      • 8.12.2.5                Woundcare        261
      • 8.12.2.6                Medical wearables          261
      • 8.12.2.7                Gene delivery    262
    • 8.12.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  263
    • 8.12.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       267
    • 8.12.5    Product developers        269
  • 8.13        LIGHTING            273
    • 8.13.1    Graphene in lighting        273
    • 8.13.2    Market outlook 273
    • 8.13.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  274
    • 8.13.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       276
    • 8.13.5    Product developers        277
  • 8.14        LUBRICANTS      279
    • 8.14.1    Graphene in lubricants. 279
    • 8.14.2    Market outlook 280
    • 8.14.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  281
    • 8.14.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       283
    • 8.14.5    Product developers        284
  • 8.15        OIL AND GAS      287
    • 8.15.1    Graphene in oil and gas 287
    • 8.15.2    Market outlook 287
    • 8.15.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  288
    • 8.15.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2032       290
    • 8.15.5    Product developers        291
  • 8.16        PAINTS AND COATINGS 293
    • 8.16.1    Graphene in paints and coatings                293
    • 8.16.2    Market outlook 293
    • 8.16.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  294
    • 8.16.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       297
    • 8.16.5    Product developers        299
  • 8.17        PHOTONICS        304
    • 8.17.1    Graphene in paints and coatings.              304
    • 8.17.2    Market outlook 304
    • 8.17.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  305
    • 8.17.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       308
    • 8.17.5    Product developers        310
  • 8.18        PHOTOVOLTAICS             311
    • 8.18.1    Graphene in photovoltaics           311
    • 8.18.2    Market outlook 312
    • 8.18.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  312
    • 8.18.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       315
    • 8.18.5    Product developers        316
  • 8.19        RUBBER AND TIRES          318
    • 8.19.1    Graphene in rubber and tires.     318
    • 8.19.2    Market outlook 318
    • 8.19.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  319
    • 8.19.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       322
    • 8.19.5    Product developers        324
  • 8.20        SENSORS             327
    • 8.20.1    Graphene in sensors.     327
    • 8.20.2    Market outlook 328
    • 8.20.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  328
    • 8.20.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       332
    • 8.20.5    Product developers        334
  • 8.21        TEXTILES AND APPAREL 338
    • 8.21.1    Graphene in textiles and apparel.             338
    • 8.21.2    Market outlook 338
    • 8.21.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  339
    • 8.21.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       344
    • 8.21.5    Product developers        345
  • 8.22        SUPERCAPACITORS         350
    • 8.22.1    Graphene in supercapacitors.     350
    • 8.22.2    Market outlook 350
    • 8.22.3    Market drivers, trends and applications  351
      • 8.22.3.1                Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors               353
    • 8.22.4    Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2031       354
    • 8.22.5    Product developers        355
  • 8.23        OTHER MARKETS              358
    • 8.23.1    Audio equipment             358
    • 8.23.2    Sporting goods and apparel         358

 

9              GRAPHENE PRODUCER ASSESSMENT      360

  • 9.1          Types of graphene produced, by producer            360
  • 9.2          Markets targeted, by producer  364
  • 9.3          Graphene product developers target markets     367

 

10           GRAPHENE COMPANY PROFILES 371

 

 

11           GRAPHENE EX-PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 627

 

12           OTHER 2-D MATERIALS  642

  • 12.1        Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2D materials              645
  • 12.2        2D MATERIALS PRODUCTION METHODS 647
    • 12.2.1    Top-down exfoliation     647
      • 12.2.1.1                Mechanical exfoliation method 648
      • 12.2.1.2                Liquid exfoliation method            648
    • 12.2.2    Bottom-up synthesis      649
      • 12.2.2.1                Chemical synthesis in solution    649
      • 12.2.2.2                Chemical vapor deposition           649
  • 12.3        TYPES OF 2D MATERIALS              651
    • 12.3.1    Hexagonal boron-nitride (h-BN)/Bboron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs)        651
      • 12.3.1.1                Properties           651
      • 12.3.1.2                Applications and markets             652
    • 12.3.2    MXenes               655
      • 12.3.2.1                Properties           655
      • 12.3.2.2                Applications       656
    • 12.3.3    Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) 657
      • 12.3.3.1                Properties           658
      • 12.3.3.2                Applications       660
    • 12.3.4    Borophene         662
      • 12.3.4.1                Properties           662
      • 12.3.4.2                Applications       663
    • 12.3.5    Phosphorene/ Black phosphorus              664
      • 12.3.5.1                Properties           665
      • 12.3.5.2                Applications       666
    • 12.3.6    Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)             669
      • 12.3.6.1                Properties           669
      • 12.3.6.2                C2N        669
      • 12.3.6.3                Applications       670
    • 12.3.7    Germanene       671
      • 12.3.7.1                Properties           671
      • 12.3.7.2                Applications       672
    • 12.3.8    Graphdiyne        673
      • 12.3.8.1                Properties           674
      • 12.3.8.2                Applications       674
    • 12.3.9    Graphane            676
      • 12.3.9.1                Properties           677
      • 12.3.9.2                Applications       677
    • 12.3.10  Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)               678
      • 12.3.10.1              Properties           678
      • 12.3.10.2              Applications       678
    • 12.3.11  Silicene 679
      • 12.3.11.1              Properties           679
      • 12.3.11.2              Applications       680
    • 12.3.12  Stanene/tinene 682
      • 12.3.12.1              Properties           682
      • 12.3.12.2              Applications       683
    • 12.3.13  Antimonene      684
      • 12.3.13.1              Properties           684
      • 12.3.13.2              Applications       684
    • 12.3.14  Indium selenide 685
      • 12.3.14.1              Properties           685
      • 12.3.14.2              Applications       685
    • 12.3.15  Layered double hydroxides (LDH)             686
      • 12.3.15.1              Properties           686
      • 12.3.15.2              Applications       686
  • 12.4        2D MATERIALS PRODUCER AND SUPPLIER PROFILES         689

 

13           RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         706

  • 13.1        Technology Readiness Level (TRL)             706

14           REFERENCES       709

 

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Graphene commercial market developments 2020-2022.               40
  • Table 2. Graphene funding and investments 2020-2022.  45
  • Table 3. Publicly listed graphene companies.       47
  • Table 4. Main graphene producers by country, annual production capacities, types and main markets they sell to.                48
  • Table 5. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2032.              51
  • Table 6. Main graphene producers in North America.       60
  • Table 7. Main graphene producers in Europe.      62
  • Table 8. Commercial products incorporating graphene.  64
  • Table 9. Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets.        67
  • Table 10. Graphene market challenges. 74
  • Table 11. Properties of graphene, properties of competing materials, applications thereof.            77
  • Table 12. Applications of GO and rGO.    82
  • Table 13. Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs. 85
  • Table 14. Advantages and disadvantages of methods for preparing GQDs.              88
  • Table 15. Applications of graphene quantum dots.            89
  • Table 16. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics and photonics.        90
  • Table 17. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in energy storage and conversion.             91
  • Table 18. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in sensors.           92
  • Table 19. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in biomedicine and life sciences. 93
  • Table 20. Markets and applications for graphene quantum dots in electronics.     94
  • Table 21. Market and technology challenges for graphene quantum dots.              95
  • Table 22. Prices for graphene quantum dots.       97
  • Table 23. Assessment of graphene production methods. 104
  • Table 24. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Europe. 107
  • Table 25. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in North America. 108
  • Table 26. Regulations and rulings related to graphene in Asia-Pacific.        109
  • Table 27. Accumulated number of patent publications for graphene, 2004-2021. 112
  • Table 28. Demand for graphene (tons), 2018-2032.            114
  • Table 29. Graphene oxide production capacity by producer, 2014-2022.   116
  • Table 30. Graphene nanoplatelets capacity in tons by producer, 2010-2022.           118
  • Table 31. CVD graphene film capacity by producer, 2014-2022 in 000s m2.             119
  • Table 32. Types of graphene and typical prices.   123
  • Table 33. Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer.   126
  • Table 34. Few-layer graphene pricing by producer.           127
  • Table 35. Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer.   127
  • Table 36. Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer.        128
  • Table 37. Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer.  130
  • Table 38. Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer.         131
  • Table 39. Graphene ink pricing by producer.        132
  • Table 40. Market overview for graphene in 3D printing.  133
  • Table 41. Market outlook for graphene in 3D printing.     133
  • Table 42. Market and applications for graphene in 3D printing.    134
  • Table 43. Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2032.              137
  • Table 44. Product developers in graphene 3D printing.    139
  • Table 45. Market overview for graphene in adhesives.    141
  • Table 46. Market outlook for graphene in adhesives.       142
  • Table 47. Market and applications for graphene in adhesives.      142
  • Table 48. Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2032.  145
  • Table 49. Product developers in graphene adhesives.      146
  • Table 50. Market overview for graphene in aerospace.    148
  • Table 51. Scorecard for graphene in aerospace.  148
  • Table 52. Market and applications for graphene in aerospace.     149
  • Table 53: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2030. 152
  • Table 54: Product developers in graphene for aerospace.              153
  • Table 55. Market overview for graphene in the automotive market.          158
  • Table 56. Market outlook for graphene in automotive.    158
  • Table 57. Market and applications for graphene in automotive.   158
  • Table 58. Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2032.               161
  • Table 59. Product developers in the graphene automotive market.           163
  • Table 60. Applications of nanomaterials in batteries.        167
  • Table 61. Market overview for graphene in batteries.      172
  • Table 62. Market outlook for graphene in batteries.         173
  • Table 63. Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in batteries.    173
  • Table 64. Applications of nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.                176
  • Table 65. Market and applications for graphene in batteries.        176
  • Table 66. Estimated demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2032.               181
  • Table 67. Product developers in graphene batteries.        182
  • Table 68. Market overview for graphene in composites. 189
  • Table 69. Market outlook for graphene in fiber-based polymer composite parts. 189
  • Table 70. Market and applications for graphene in fiber-based composite parts.  190
  • Table 71. Market and applications for graphene in metal matrix composites.        194
  • Table 72. Global market for graphene in composites 2018-2032, tons.      195
  • Table 73. Product developers in graphene composites.   196
  • Table 74. Market overview for graphene in conductive inks.          202
  • Table 75. Market outlook for graphene in conductive inks.            202
  • Table 76. Market and applications for graphene in conductive inks.           203
  • Table 77. Comparative properties of conductive inks.       206
  • Table 78. Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2032.         207
  • Table 79. Product developers in graphene conductive inks.           209
  • Table 80. Market overview for graphene in construction and buildings.    212
  • Table 81. Market outlook for graphene in construction.  212
  • Table 82. Graphene for cement. 213
  • Table 83. Graphene for asphalt bitumen.               215
  • Table 84. Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2032.             217
  • Table 85: Graphene product developers in construction. 218
  • Table 86. Market overview for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.      221
  • Table 87. Market outlook for graphene in wearable electronics and displays.        222
  • Table 88. Market and applications for graphene in electronics.    222
  • Table 89. Comparison of ITO replacements.         224
  • Table 90. Demand for graphene in wearable, flexible and stretchable electronics, 2018-2032.         225
  • Table 91. Product developers in graphene-based electronics.       226
  • Table 92. Market overview for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.      228
  • Table 93. Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors.      228
  • Table 94. Market outlook for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.         228
  • Table 95. Market and applications for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.       229
  • Table 96. Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2032.                232
  • Table 97. Product developers in graphene transistors and integrated circuits.        233
  • Table 98. Market overview for graphene in memory devices.       235
  • Table 99. Market outlook for graphene in memory devices.          235
  • Table 100. Market and applications for graphene in memory devices.      236
  • Table 101. Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2032.               237
  • Table 102. Product developers in graphene memory devices.      239
  • Table 103. Market overview for graphene in filtration.     240
  • Table 104. Market outlook for graphene in filtration.        240
  • Table 105. Market and applications for graphene in filtration.      241
  • Table 106. Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2032.  245
  • Table 107. Graphene companies in filtration.       247
  • Table 108. Market overview for graphene in fuel cells.     250
  • Table 109. Market outlook for graphene in fuel cells.        250
  • Table 110. Market and applications for graphene in fuel cells.      251
  • Table 111. Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2032.  255
  • Table 112. Product developers in graphene fuel cells.      256
  • Table 113. Market overview for graphene in life sciences and medicine.  258
  • Table 114. Market outlook for graphene in drug delivery.              258
  • Table 115. Scorecard for graphene in imaging and diagnostics.    259
  • Table 116. Scorecard for graphene in medical implants.  259
  • Table 117. Scorecard for graphene in medical biosensors.              260
  • Table 118. Scorecard for graphene in woundcare.             261
  • Table 119. Market and applications for graphene in life sciences and medicine.   263
  • Table 120. Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2032.  267
  • Table 121. Product developers in graphene life sciences and biomedicine.             269
  • Table 122. Market overview for graphene in lighting.       273
  • Table 123. Market outlook for graphene in lighting.          273
  • Table 124. Market and applications for graphene in lighting.         274
  • Table 125. Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2032.  276
  • Table 126. Product developers in graphene lighting.         277
  • Table 127. Market overview for graphene in lubricants.  279
  • Table 128. Nanomaterial lubricant products.        279
  • Table 129. Market outlook for graphene in lubricants.     280
  • Table 130. Market and applications for graphene in lubricants.    281
  • Table 131. Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2032.                283
  • Table 132. Product developers in graphene lubricants.    284
  • Table 133. Market overview for graphene in oil and gas. 287
  • Table 134. Market outlook for graphene in oil and gas.    287
  • Table 135. Market and applications for graphene in oil and gas.  288
  • Table 136. Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2032.              290
  • Table 137. Product developers in graphene oil and gas.   291
  • Table 138. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.                293
  • Table 139. Market outlook for graphene in paints and coatings.  293
  • Table 140. Market and applications for graphene in paints and coatings. 294
  • Table 141. Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2032.             297
  • Table 142. Product developers in graphene paints and coatings. 299
  • Table 143. Market overview for graphene in paints and coatings.                304
  • Table 144. Market outlook for graphene in photonics.     304
  • Table 145. Market and applications for graphene in photonics.    305
  • Table 146. Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2032.             308
  • Table 147. Product developers in graphene photonics.    310
  • Table 148. Market overview for graphene in photovoltaics.           311
  • Table 149. Market outlook for graphene in photovoltaics.              312
  • Table 150. Market and applications for graphene in photovoltaics.            312
  • Table 151. Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2032.        315
  • Table 152. Product developers in graphene solar.              316
  • Table 153. Market overview for graphene in rubber and tires.      318
  • Table 154. Market outlook for graphene in rubber and tires.         318
  • Table 155. Market and applications for graphene in rubber and tires.       319
  • Table 156. Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2032.   322
  • Table 157. Product developers in rubber and tires.            324
  • Table 158. Market overview for graphene in sensors.      327
  • Table 159. Market outlook for graphene in sensors.         328
  • Table 160. Market and applications for graphene in sensors.        328
  • Table 161. Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2032.    332
  • Table 162. Product developers in graphene sensors.        334
  • Table 163. Market overview for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.  338
  • Table 164. Market outlook for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.     338
  • Table 165. Market and applications for graphene in smart textiles and apparel.    339
  • Table 166. Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2032.     344
  • Table 167. Graphene product developers in smart textiles and apparel.   345
  • Table 168. Market overview for graphene in supercapacitors.      350
  • Table 169. Market outlook for graphene in supercapacitors.         350
  • Table 170: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.            351
  • Table 171. Market and applications for graphene in supercapacitors.        351
  • Table 172. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2032.    354
  • Table 173. Product developers in graphene supercapacitors.        355
  • Table 174. Graphene audio equipment producers and products. 358
  • Table 175. Graphene sporting goods producers and products.      359
  • Table 176. Graphene producers and types produced.      360
  • Table 177. Graphene producers target market matrix.     364
  • Table 178. Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix.     367
  • Table 179. Performance criteria of energy storage devices.           622
  • Table 180. 2D materials types.   644
  • Table 181. Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.           645
  • Table 182. Comparison of  top-down exfoliation methods to produce 2D materials.            647
  • Table 183. Comparison of the bottom-up synthesis methods to produce 2D materials.      650
  • Table 184. Properties of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). 652
  • Table 185. Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.            665
  • Table 186. Properties and applications of functionalized germanene.       672
  • Table 187. GDY-based anode materials in LIBs and SIBs   674
  • Table 188. Physical and electronic properties of Stanene.              683
  • Table 189. Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Examples.  707

 

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Demand for graphene, by market, 2021.              38
  • Figure 2. Demand for graphene, 2018-2032, tons.             52
  • Figure 3. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2032 (tons), conservative estimate. 54
  • Figure 4. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2032 (tons). Medium estimate.         55
  • Figure 5. Global graphene demand by market, 2018-2032 (tons). High estimate. 56
  • Figure 6. Demand for graphene in China, by market, 2021.             57
  • Figure 7. Demand for graphene in Asia-Pacific, by market, 2021.  58
  • Figure 8. Main graphene producers in Asia-Pacific.            59
  • Figure 9. Demand for graphene in North America, by market, 2021.           61
  • Figure 10. Demand for graphene in Europe, by market, 2021.        63
  • Figure 11. Graphene layer structure schematic.  76
  • Figure 12. Illustrative procedure of the Scotch-tape based micromechanical cleavage of HOPG.    76
  • Figure 13. Graphite and graphene.           77
  • Figure 14. Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.   79
  • Figure 15. Types of CVD methods.            80
  • Figure 16. Schematic of the manufacture of GnPs starting from natural graphite. 82
  • Figure 17. Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots.    84
  • Figure 18. Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).           84
  • Figure 19. Graphene quantum dots.        87
  • Figure 20. Top-down and bottom-up graphene QD synthesis methods.    88
  • Figure 21. Revenues for graphene quantum dots 2019-2032, millions USD              96
  • Figure 22. Fabrication methods of graphene.       100
  • Figure 23. TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.         101
  • Figure 24. (a) Graphene powder production line The Sixth Element Materials Technology Co. Ltd. (b) Graphene film production line of Wuxi Graphene Films Co. Ltd. 102
  • Figure 25. Schematic illustration of the main graphene production methods.        103
  • Figure 26. Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2021.             113
  • Figure 27. Demand for graphene, 2018-2032, tons.           115
  • Figure 28. CVD Graphene on Cu Foil.        125
  • Figure 29. Applications of graphene in 3D printing.            137
  • Figure 30. Demand for graphene in 3-D printing (tons), 2018-2032.             138
  • Figure 31. CNCTArch lightweight mounting for digital signalling.  139
  • Figure 32. Applications of graphene in adhesives.              145
  • Figure 33. Demand for graphene in adhesives (tons), 2018-2032. 146
  • Figure 34. Graphene Adhesives. 147
  • Figure 35. Applications of graphene in aerospace.             152
  • Figure 36: Demand for graphene in aerospace (tons), 2018-2032.                153
  • Figure 37. Orbex Prime rocket.   154
  • Figure 38: Graphene enhanced aircraft cargo container. 155
  • Figure 39: Graphene aircraft.      155
  • Figure 40. Summary of graphene in automobiles.              157
  • Figure 41. Applications of graphene in automotive.          161
  • Figure 42. Demand for graphene in automotive (tons), 2018-2032.             162
  • Figure 43. Supercar incorporating graphene.       163
  • Figure 44. Graphene anti-corrosion primer.          164
  • Figure 45. Graphene-R Brake pads.          165
  • Figure 46. Antistatic graphene tire.          165
  • Figure 47. Graphene engine oil additives.              166
  • Figure 48. Annual cobalt demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2031.    169
  • Figure 49. Annual lithium demand for electric vehicle batteries to 2031.   170
  • Figure 50. Costs of batteries to 2031.       172
  • Figure 51. Applications of graphene in batteries. 180
  • Figure 52. Demand for graphene in batteries (tons), 2018-2032.  181
  • Figure 53. Apollo Traveler graphene-enhanced USB-C / A fast charging power bank.          183
  • Figure 54. Exide Graphene Lead Acid Battery.      183
  • Figure 55. 6000mAh Portable graphene batteries.             184
  • Figure 56. Real Graphene Powerbank.    186
  • Figure 57. Graphene Functional Films - UniTran EH/FH.   187
  • Figure 58. Applications of graphene in composites.           193
  • Figure 59. Demand for graphene in composites (tons), 2018-2032.             196
  • Figure 60. Graphene bike.            197
  • Figure 61. Graphene lacrosse equipment.             198
  • Figure 62. Graphene-based suitcase made from recycled plastic. 198
  • Figure 63. Aros Create.  199
  • Figure 64. Grays graphene hockey sticks.               201
  • Figure 65. Applications of graphene in conductive inks.   207
  • Figure 66. Demand for graphene in conductive ink (tons), 2018-2032.       208
  • Figure 67. BGT Materials graphene ink product. 209
  • Figure 68. Printed graphene conductive ink.         210
  • Figure 69. Textiles covered in conductive graphene ink.  210
  • Figure 70. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       213
  • Figure 71. Demand for graphene in construction (tons), 2018-2032.           218
  • Figure 72. Graphene asphalt additives.   219
  • Figure 73. OG (Original Graphene) Concrete Admix Plus. 219
  • Figure 74. Demand for graphene in wearable, flexible and stretchable electronics, 2018-2032.       226
  • Figure 75. Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application.         226
  • Figure 76. Applications of graphene in transistors and integrated circuits.               231
  • Figure 77. Demand for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits, 2018-2032.              232
  • Figure 78. Graphene IC in wafer tester.  233
  • Figure 79. Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right).      234
  • Figure 80. Demand for graphene in memory devices, 2018-2032.                238
  • Figure 81. Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random-access memory (RRAM).             239
  • Figure 82. Applications of graphene in filtration. 245
  • Figure 83. Demand for graphene in filtration (tons), 2018-2032.   246
  • Figure 84. Graphene anti-smog mask.     247
  • Figure 85. Graphene filtration membrane.            248
  • Figure 86. Graphene water filer cartridge.             248
  • Figure 87. Applications of graphene in fuel cells. 254
  • Figure 88. Demand for graphene in fuel cells (tons), 2018-2032.   255
  • Figure 89. Graphene-based E-skin patch.               257
  • Figure 90. Flexible and transparent bracelet that uses graphene to measure heart rate, respiration rate etc.           262
  • Figure 91. Applications of graphene in life sciences and medicine               267
  • Figure 92. Demand for graphene in life sciences and medical (tons), 2018-2032.   268
  • Figure 93. Graphene medical biosensors for wound healing.         270
  • Figure 94. Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.      270
  • Figure 95. GraphWear wearable sweat sensor.   271
  • Figure 96. BioStamp nPoint.        272
  • Figure 97. Applications of graphene in lighting.   276
  • Figure 98. Demand for graphene in lighting, 2018-2032.   277
  • Figure 99. Graphene LED bulbs. 278
  • Figure 100. Applications of graphene in lubricants.            283
  • Figure 101. Demand for graphene in lubricants (tons), 2018-2032.              284
  • Figure 102. Tricolit spray coating.              285
  • Figure 103. Graphenoil products.              285
  • Figure 104. Applications of graphene in oil and gas.          290
  • Figure 105. Demand for graphene in oil and gas (tons), 2018-2032.             291
  • Figure 106. Directa Plus Grafysorber.      292
  • Figure 107. Applications of graphene in paints and coatings.         297
  • Figure 108. Demand for graphene in paints and coatings (tons), 2018-2032.           298
  • Figure 109. Cryorig CPU cooling system with graphene coating.   299
  • Figure 110. Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate.      300
  • Figure 111. 23303 ZINCTON GNC graphene paint.              301
  • Figure 112. Graphene-enhanced anti-corrosion aerosols under their Hycote brand.            301
  • Figure 113. Scania Truck head lamp brackets ACT chamber 6 weeks, equivalent to 3y field use. Piece treated with GO to the left together with different non-GO coatings.         302
  • Figure 114. Schematic of graphene heat film.       303
  • Figure 115. Applications of graphene in photonics.            308
  • Figure 116. Demand for graphene in photonics, 2018-2032.           309
  • Figure 117. All-graphene optical communication link demonstrator operating at a data rate of 25 Gb/s per channel.                310
  • Figure 118. Applications of graphene in photovoltaics.    315
  • Figure 119. Demand for graphene in photovoltaics (tons), 2018-2032.       316
  • Figure 120. Graphene coated glass.          317
  • Figure 121. Applications of graphene in rubber and tires.               322
  • Figure 122. Demand for graphene in rubber and tires (tons), 2018-2032.  323
  • Figure 123. Eagle F1 graphene tire.          324
  • Figure 124. Graphene floor mats.              325
  • Figure 125. Vittoria Corsa G+ tire.             325
  • Figure 126. Graphene-based sensors for health monitoring.          327
  • Figure 127. Applications of graphene in sensors. 332
  • Figure 128. Demand for graphene in sensors (tons), 2018-2032.   333
  • Figure 129. AGILE R100 system. 334
  • Figure 130. Graphene fully packaged linear array detector.           335
  • Figure 131. GFET sensors.            335
  • Figure 132. Graphene is used to increase sensitivity to middle-infrared light.         337
  • Figure 133. Applications of graphene in smart textiles and apparel.           343
  • Figure 134. Demand for graphene in textiles (tons), 2018-2032.   344
  • Figure 135. 878 Project One jacket display.           345
  • Figure 136. Colmar graphene ski jacket. 346
  • Figure 137. Graphene dress. The dress changes colour in sync with the wearer’s breathing.           346
  • Figure 138. G+ Graphene Aero Jersey.    347
  • Figure 139. Inov-8 graphene shoes.         347
  • Figure 140. Graphene Functional Membranes - UniTran GM.        348
  • Figure 141. Graphene jacket.      349
  • Figure 142. Applications of graphene in supercapacitors. 354
  • Figure 143. Demand for graphene in supercapacitors (tons), 2018-2032.  355
  • Figure 144. KEPCO’s graphene supercapacitors. 356
  • Figure 145. Skeleton Technologies supercapacitor.           357
  • Figure 146. Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.              357
  • Figure 147. Callaway Chrome Soft golf and Chrome Soft X golf balls.          359
  • Figure 148. Graphene heating films.        371
  • Figure 149. Graphene flake products.     377
  • Figure 150. AIKA Black-T.              381
  • Figure 151. Printed graphene biosensors.             390
  • Figure 152. Brain Scientific electrode schematic. 411
  • Figure 153. Graphene battery schematic.              436
  • Figure 154. Dotz Nano GQD products.     438
  • Figure 155. Graphene-based membrane dehumidification test cell.           444
  • Figure 156. Proprietary atmospheric CVD production.      455
  • Figure 157. Wearable sweat sensor.        489
  • Figure 158.  InP/ZnS, perovskite quantum dots and silicon resin composite under UV illumination.               495
  • Figure 159. Sensor surface.          511
  • Figure 160. BioStamp nPoint.      527
  • Figure 161. Nanotech Energy battery.     546
  • Figure 162. Hybrid battery powered electrical motorbike concept.             548
  • Figure 163. NAWAStitch integrated into carbon fiber composite. 549
  • Figure 164. Schematic illustration of three-chamber system for SWCNH production.          550
  • Figure 165. TEM images of carbon nanobrush.    551
  • Figure 166. Test performance after 6 weeks ACT II according to Scania STD4445.  566
  • Figure 167. Quantag GQDs and sensor.  568
  • Figure 168. The Sixth Element graphene products.            582
  • Figure 169. Thermal conductive graphene film.   583
  • Figure 170. Talcoat graphene mixed with paint.  595
  • Figure 171. T-FORCE CARDEA ZERO.         598
  • Figure 172. Structures of nanomaterials based on dimensions.    643
  • Figure 173. Schematic of 2-D materials.  644
  • Figure 174. Diagram of the mechanical exfoliation method.          648
  • Figure 175. Diagram of liquid exfoliation method               649
  • Figure 176. Structure of hexagonal boron nitride.              651
  • Figure 177. BN nanosheet textiles application.    654
  • Figure 178. Structure diagram of Ti3C2Tx.              655
  • Figure 179.  Types and applications of 2D TMDCs.              658
  • Figure 180. Left: Molybdenum disulphide (MoS2). Right: Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2)       659
  • Figure 181. SEM image of MoS2.               659
  • Figure 182. Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.              661
  • Figure 183. Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.            662
  • Figure 184. Borophene schematic.           663
  • Figure 185. Black phosphorus structure. 665
  • Figure 186. Black Phosphorus crystal.      665
  • Figure 187. Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation.                666
  • Figure 188: Graphitic carbon nitride.        669
  • Figure 189. Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.         670
  • Figure 190. Schematic of germanene.     671
  • Figure 191. Graphdiyne structure.            674
  • Figure 192. Schematic of Graphane crystal.           676
  • Figure 193. Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide.          678
  • Figure 194. Silicene structure.    679
  • Figure 195. Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.            680
  • Figure 196. Silicene transistor.    680
  • Figure 197. Crystal structure for stanene.              682
  • Figure 198. Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111).   683
  • Figure 199. Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe).               685
  • Figure 200. Application of Li-Al LDH as CO2 sensor.           687
  • Figure 201. Graphene-based membrane dehumidification test cell.           696

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032
The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032
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The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032
The Global Market for Graphene and 2D Materials 2022-2032
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