The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2021

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Published June 2021 | 400 pages | 113 tables, 176 figures | Table of contents

The global nanocellulose market has accelerated over the last few years as producers in Japan and to a lesser extent North America and Europe bring products to market. The development of these remarkable materials has compelled major paper and pulp producers to gravitate their traditonal business towards advanced biorefineries, which have met with initial success and resulted in production capacity increases.

These bio-based materials are abundant, renewable and inexpensive but are extremely strong, durable, and lightweight, non-toxic and are lower cost than other advanced materials and nanomaterials. Used as a materials additive and in composites, nanocellulose will help to drive the global move away from oil-based plastics and products to sustainable, bio-based alternatives.

Nanocellulose (NC) can be derived from a multitude of abundant cellulosic biomass sources such as wood pulp, agricultural crops, organic waste, as well as from bacteria. Properties including high tensile strength, biocompatibility, and high aspect ratio make it attractive to a wide range of markets, from medical to construction to aerospace. As nanocellulose originates from renewable matter, its potential to replace petroleum-derived materials in films, coatings, composites, and packaging are particularly interesting in the wake of current political and societal movements towards reduction of plastic consumption.

Three types of NC are commercially available: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).  In addition to being produced in different ways, these three types also vary in their physico-chemical properties, from size to crystallinity. Most commercially produced NC is CNF, which is produced on a large scale in Japan and on the pilot scale 

Most of the NC being developed for commercial purposes is in the form of CNF. Currently, many NC-based applications are at an early stages, with some applications already  commercially available, mainly in Japan.

 The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2021 is the most comprehensive and up-to date report on nanocellulose currently available, by the world's leading market authority on nanocellulose. Profiling over 100 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by nanocellulose.

A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in nanocellulose, The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2021 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of nanocellulose, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current nanocellulose products.
  • Market assessment by nanocellulose type: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).
  • Assessment of nanocellulose by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for use of nanocellulose, technology drawbacks, competing materials, estimated consumption of nanocellulose to 2030 and main OEMs in each market with potential interest in nanocellulose for product integration.
  • Graphical depictions of nanocellulose applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of nanocellulose producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for nanocellulose in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030.
  • Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic
  • In-depth profiles of nanocellulose producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Granbio, Asahi Kasei, Cellucomp, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper, Daio Paper, DKS, Fiberlean, Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. Innventia AB, KRI, Inc., Melodea, Nippon Paper, Oji and many more.
  • 90 cellulose nanofiber company profiles
  • 16 cellulose nanocrystal company profiles
  • 11 bacterial nanocellulose company profiles
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.
  • Excel database of nanocellulose products.
  • Excel database of nanocellulose prices.
 
 

 

1              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   26

  • 1.1          Why nanocellulose?       26
  • 1.2          The market in 2019          28
  • 1.3          The market in 2020          32
  • 1.4          Future global market outlook     33
  • 1.5          Global nanocellulose production               34
    • 1.5.1      Total global production capacity 2020, by type   34
    • 1.5.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2020, by producer          35
    • 1.5.3      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2020           36
    • 1.5.4      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2020 36
  • 1.6          Global nanocellulose market demand, 2018–2030, tons  37
  • 1.7          Market challenges for nanocellulose       43
  • 1.8          Nanocellulose commercial products        44
  • 1.9          Nanocellulose market by region 48
    • 1.9.1      Japan    49
    • 1.9.2      China     50
    • 1.9.3      Malaysia              51
    • 1.9.4      Western Europe               51
    • 1.9.5      North America   52
  • 1.10        Global government funding        53
  • 1.11        Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic              53

 

2              OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE               55

  • 2.1          Cellulose              55
  • 2.2          Nanocellulose   55
  • 2.3          Properties of nanocellulose         56
  • 2.4          Advantages of nanocellulose      58
  • 2.5          Manufacture of nanocellulose    58
  • 2.6          Production methods       59
  • 2.7          Types of nanocellulose  60
    • 2.7.1      Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) 62
    • 2.7.2      Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)           63
      • 2.7.2.1   Applications       64
    • 2.7.3      Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)       65
      • 2.7.3.1   Synthesis             65
      • 2.7.3.2   Properties           67
      • 2.7.3.3   Applications       68
    • 2.7.4      Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)    70
      • 2.7.4.1   Applications       70
  • 2.8          Synthesis             71

 

3              APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS              74

 

4              REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS 77

  • 4.1          Standards            77
    • 4.1.1      International Standards Organization (ISO)           77
    • 4.1.2      American National Standards      77
    • 4.1.3      CSA Group          77
  • 4.2          Toxicity 78
  • 4.3          Regulation          80

 

5              NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN               81

 

6              NANOCELLULOSE PRICING           84

  • 6.1          Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)             84
  • 6.2          Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)         85
  • 6.3          Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)     86

 

7              NANOCELLULOSE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS 87

 

8              NANOCELLULOSE IN COMPOSITES            92

  • 8.1          Market overview             92
  • 8.2          Market prospects            93
  • 8.3          Market assessment        94
  • 8.4          Applications map             98
  • 8.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       99
  • 8.6          Product developer profiles          100

 

9              NANOCELLULOSE IN AUTOMOTIVE          102

  • 9.1          Market overview             102
  • 9.2          Market prospects            103
  • 9.3          Market assessment        103
  • 9.4          Applications map             106
  • 9.5          Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       106
  • 9.6          Product developer profiles          108

 

10           NANOCELLULOSE IN CONSTRUCTION      112

  • 10.1        Market overview             112
  • 10.2        Market prospects            112
  • 10.3        Market assessment        113
  • 10.4        Applications map             116
  • 10.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       117
  • 10.6        Product developer profiles          118

 

11           NANOCELLULOSE IN PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING      119

  • 11.1        Market prospects            119
  • 11.2        Market assessment        120
  • 11.3        Applications map             125
  • 11.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       126
  • 11.5        Product developer profiles          127

 

12           NANOCELLULOSE TEXTILES AND APPAREL             129

  • 12.1        Market overview             129
  • 12.2        Market prospects            129
  • 12.3        Market assessment        130
  • 12.4        Applications map             134
  • 12.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       134
  • 12.6        Product developer profiles          136

 

13           NANOCELLULOSE IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE             137

  • 13.1        Market overview             137
  • 13.2        Market prospects            138
  • 13.3        Market assessment        139
  • 13.4        Applications map             144
  • 13.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       145
  • 13.6        Product developer profiles          147

 

14           NANOCELLULOSE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS        149

  • 14.1        Market overview             149
  • 14.2        Market prospects            149
  • 14.3        Market assessment        150
  • 14.4        Applications map             153
  • 14.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       153
  • 14.6        Product developer profiles          155

 

15           NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROGELS 157

  • 15.1        Market overview             157
  • 15.2        Market prospects            157
  • 15.3        Market assessment        158
  • 15.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       160
  • 15.5        Product developer profiles          161

 

16           NANOCELLULOSE IN OIL AND GAS            162

  • 16.1        Market overview             162
  • 16.2        Market prospects            162
  • 16.3        Market assessment        163
  • 16.4        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       165
  • 16.5        Product developer profiles          166

 

17           NANOCELLULOSE IN FILTRATION               168

  • 17.1        Market overview             168
  • 17.2        Market prospects            170
  • 17.3        Market assessment        170
  • 17.4        Applications map             173
  • 17.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       174
  • 17.6        Product developer profiles          175

 

18           NANOCELLULOSE IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMA AND FOOD ADDITIVES      176

  • 18.1        Market overview             176
  • 18.2        Market prospects            177
  • 18.3        Market assessment        177
  • 18.4        Applications map             179
  • 18.5        Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030       180
  • 18.6        Product developer profiles          181

 

19           OTHER MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE 183

  • 19.1        PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS        183
    • 19.1.1    Market assessment        183
    • 19.1.2    Product developer profiles          186
  • 19.2        NANOCELLULOSE IN 3D PRINTING            189
    • 19.2.1    Market assessment        189
    • 19.2.2    Product developer profiles          191
  • 19.3        NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROSPACE              192
    • 19.3.1    Market assessment        192
    • 19.3.2    Product developer profiles          193

 

20           NANOCELLULOSE PRODUCER ANALYSIS 194

  • 20.1        Types of nanocellulose produced, by producer    194
  • 20.2        Target markets, by nanocellulose producer          196

 

21           CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES       200

  • 21.1        AICHEMIST METAL, INC. 200
  • 21.2        ANPOLY, INC.     200
  • 21.3        ASAHI KASEI CHEMICALS CORPORATION 202
  • 21.4        BETULIUM OY    207
  • 21.5        BIO-LUTIONS INTERNATIONAL AG            207
  • 21.6        BIONICE ADVANCED MATERIALS (JIANGSU) CO., LTD.       208
  • 21.7        BORREGAARD CHEMCELL             210
  • 21.8        CELLUCOMP LTD.             212
  • 21.9        CELLUTECH AB (Stora Enso)         215
  • 21.10     CENTRE TECHNIQUE DU PAPIER/INSTITUT TECHNOLOGIQUE        216
  • 21.11     CHUETSU PULP & PAPER CO., LTD.            218
  • 21.12     DAICEL FINECHEM LTD.  222
  • 21.13     DAIKYONISHIKAWA CORPORATION          224
  • 21.14     DAIO PAPER CORPORATION        225
  • 21.15     DAISHOWA PAPER PRODUCTS CO., LTD. 229
  • 21.16     DENSO CORPORATION  230
  • 21.17     DIC PRODUCTS, INC.       230
  • 21.18     DKS CO. LTD.      232
  • 21.19     EHIME PAPER MANUFACTURING. CO. LTD.           235
  • 21.20     EVOLGENE          237
  • 21.21     FIBERLEAN TECHNOLOGIES          237
  • 21.22     FILLERBANK LIMITED      239
  • 21.23     FUJI PIGMENT CO., LTD. 240
  • 21.24     FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LTD   242
  • 21.25     GRANBIO TECHNOLOGIES            243
  • 21.26     GS ALLIANCE CO., LTD.   246
  • 21.27     HATTORI SHOTEN K.K.    247
  • 21.28     HEXA CHEMCIAL CO. LTD./NATURE GIFT 248
  • 21.29     HOKUETSU TOYO FIBRE CO., LTD.              249
  • 21.30     INNVENTIA AB  252
  • 21.31     THE JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LTD.   254
  • 21.32     JENACELL GMBH               255
  • 21.33     JINAN SHENQUAN GROUP SHAREHOLDING CO., LTD.       255
  • 21.34     KAMI SHOJI COMPANY  257
  • 21.35     KAO CORPORATION        258
  • 21.36     KRI, INC.               260
  • 21.37     KRUGER BIOMATERIALS, INC.     262
  • 21.38     KUSANO SAKO KK            264
  • 21.39     MANIWA BIOCHEMICAL 265
  • 21.40     MARINE NANOFIBER, INC.           266
  • 21.41     MARUSUMI PAPER CO., LTD.       267
  • 21.42     MASUKO SANGYO CO., LTD.        268
  • 21.43     MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION/MITSUBISHI PAPER MILLS              269
  • 21.44     MORI MACHINERY CO., LTD.        272
  • 21.45     NANO NOVIN POLYMER CO.        273
  • 21.46     NATURAL FRIEND             275
  • 21.47     NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES        276
  • 21.48     NIPPON SHIZAI CO., LTD.               281
  • 21.49     NISSHIN KOGYO CO., LTD.             282
  • 21.50     NORKSE SKOG AS             283
  • 21.51     OMURA PAINT CO., LTD.               283
  • 21.52     ONKYO CORPORATION  284
  • 21.53     OJI HOLDINGS CORP.      284
  • 21.54     OSAKA GAS GROUP        291
  • 21.55     PERFORMANCE BIOFILAMENTS, INC.       292
  • 21.56     QUMANDI BIOTECH        294
  • 21.57     RENGO CO., LTD.              295
  • 21.58     RIPRO CORPORATION    296
  • 21.59     RISHO KOGYO CO., LTD. 296
  • 21.60     SANWA KAKO CO., LTD. 297
  • 21.61     SAPPI LIMITED   298
  • 21.62     SEIKO PMC CORPORATION          299
  • 21.63     SHARP CHEMICAL IND. CO., LTD.                302
  • 21.64     SHINWA KAKO KK            303
  • 21.65     STARLITE CO., LTD            304
  • 21.66     STORA ENSO OYJ              304
  • 21.67     SUGINO MACHINE LIMITED         306
  • 21.68     SVILOSA AD        311
  • 21.69     TAIYO HOLDINGS CO., LTD.           312
  • 21.70     TIANJIN HAOJIA CELLULOSE CO., LTD.      312
  • 21.71     TENTOK PAPER CO.,LTD.               313
  • 21.72     TOAGOSEI CO., LTD.        313
  • 21.73     TOKUSHU-TOKAI PAPER CO., LTD.             314
  • 21.74     TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC.              314
  • 21.75     TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD.       315
  • 21.76     TOYOTA BOSHOKU COPORATION             317
  • 21.77     TS TECH CO., LTD.             318
  • 21.78     UBE INDUSTRIES LTD.     319
  • 21.79     UNITIKA CO., LTD.            319
  • 21.80     UNIVERISTY OF MAINE, PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CENTRE              320
  • 21.81     UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION 322
  • 21.82     US FOREST SERVICE PRODUCTS LABORATORY (FPL)           325
  • 21.83     VALMET OYJ       328
  • 21.84     VERSO CORPORATION   328
  • 21.85     VTT TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE OF FINLAND LTD.       329
  • 21.86     YOKOHAMA RUBBER CO., LTD.   333
  • 21.87     YOSHIKAWAKUNI PLASTICS INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.              334
  • 21.88     ZHEJIANG JINJIAHAO GREEN NANOMATERIAL CO.,LTD    334
  • 21.89     ZELFO TECHNOLOGY GMBH         335
  • 21.90     ZOEPNANO SDN. BHD.   337

 

22           CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCER ANALYSIS  338

 

23           CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) COMPANY PROFILES    340

  • 23.1        ALBERTA INNOVATES/INNOTECH MATERIALS LLC              340
  • 23.2        ANOMERA, INC. 342
  • 23.3        BLUE GOOSE BIOREFINERIES, INC.            343
  • 23.4        CELLICON B.V.   346
  • 23.5        CELLUFORCE, INC.            347
  • 23.6        EVOLGENE GENOMICS SL             350
  • 23.7        GUILIN QIHONG TECHNOLOGY  350
  • 23.8        MELODEA LTD.  351
  • 23.9        NAVITAS D.O.O (NANOCRYSTACELL)        354
  • 23.10     POLY-INK             355
  • 23.11     RENMATIX, INC. 355
  • 23.12     SWEETWATER ENERGY  358
  • 23.13     TIANJIN WOODELFBIO CELLULOSE CO., LTD.         360
  • 23.14     UNIVERISTY OF MAINE, PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CENTRE              361
  • 23.15     US FOREST SERVICE PRODUCTS LABORATORY (FPL)           363
  • 23.16     VALENTIS NANOTECH    365

 

24           BACTERIAL NANOCELLULOSE (BNC) COMPANY PROFILES 367

  • 24.1        AXCELION BIOPOLYMERS CORPORATION              367
  • 24.2        AZOLLA 368
  • 24.3        BOWIL BIOTECH Sp. z o.o.            368
  • 24.4        CASS MATERIALS PYT LTD             369
  • 24.5        CELLUGY              370
  • 24.6        DEPUY SYNTHES BIOMATERIALS 371
  • 24.7        FZMB GMBH      371
  • 24.8        KUSANO SAKKO, INC.     372
  • 24.9        LOHMANN & RAUSCHER               373
  • 24.10     NANOLLOSE LTD               374
  • 24.11     NANO NOVIN POLYMER CO.        375
  •  

25           NANOCELLULOSE RESEARCH GROUPS AND CENTRES        376

  • 25.1        Aalto University 376
  • 25.2        AIST       377
  • 25.3        Clark-Atlanta University 377
  • 25.4        Colorado School of Mines             378
  • 25.5        EMPA    378
  • 25.6        Georgia Institute of Technology 379
  • 25.7        Grenoble INP-Pagora     379
  • 25.8        ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology             380
  • 25.9        Kanazawa Institute of Technology             380
  • 25.10     Kyoto University               381
  • 25.11     McMaster University      381
  • 25.12     Monash University          382
  • 25.13     North Carolina State University  382
  • 25.14     Oregon State University 383
  • 25.15     Paper and Fiber Research Institute (PFI) 383
  • 25.16     Pennsylvania State University     384
  • 25.17     Purdue University            384
  • 25.18     SUNY-ESF            384
  • 25.19     Technical University of Lodz        385
  • 25.20     Toyama Industrial Technology Center     385
  • 25.21     University of Exeter        386
  • 25.22     University of Fribourg     386
  • 25.23     Uppsala University          387
  • 25.24     Universidade do Minho 387
  • 25.25     University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (Boku University)          388
  • 25.26     University of Toronto     388
  • 25.27     Other research centres/groups  389

 

26           RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY 391

  • 26.1        Report scope     391
  • 26.2        Research methodology 391

 

27           REFERENCES       393

 

Tables

  • Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications      27
  • Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose.        28
  • Table 3. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.    33
  • Table 6. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer.     35
  • Table 7: MFC production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer.    36
  • Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer           36
  • Table 9: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.          37
  • Table 10: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.      39
  • Table 11: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.             41
  • Table 12: Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose.         43
  • Table 13: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2019, tons (total excludes MFC).       49
  • Table 14. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Japan.        49
  • Table 15. Nanocellulose research centres, universities and companies in China.   50
  • Table 16. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Europe.     51
  • Table 17. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in North America.      52
  • Table 18. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.   53
  • Table 19. Properties and applications of nanocellulose.   57
  • Table 20. Properties of nanocellulose, by type.   57
  • Table 21: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials. 58
  • Table 22. Types of nanocellulose.              60
  • Table 23: Types of nanocellulose.             62
  • Table 24: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).        64
  • Table 25. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).     66
  • Table 26: CNC sources, size and yield.     67
  • Table 27: CNC properties.            67
  • Table 28. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.         68
  • Table 29: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).              69
  • Table 30: Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). 70
  • Table 31: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application.          74
  • Table 32: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose.          78
  • Table 33: Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis.        81
  • Table 34: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.        84
  • Table 35: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers.    85
  • Table 36: Product/price/application matrix of bacterial nanocellulose producers. 86
  • Table 37: Nanocellulose patents and scientific articles by organisation.    89
  • Table 38: Main patent assignees for CNC.              90
  • Table 39: Main patent assignees for CNF.              90
  • Table 40: Main patent assignees for NCC.              91
  • Table 41. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.         92
  • Table 42. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.   92
  • Table 43. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites.       93
  • Table 44. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.   94
  • Table 45: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).        99
  • Table 46: Companies developing nanocellulose composites.         100
  • Table 47. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive.        102
  • Table 48. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive.       103
  • Table 49. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs.   103
  • Table 50: Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons).    106
  • Table 51: Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry.        108
  • Table 52. Market overview for nanocellulose in construction.       112
  • Table 53. Scorecard for nanocellulose in construction      112
  • Table 54. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials.        113
  • Table 55. Market assessment for nanocellulose in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs    114
  • Table 56: Market demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons).    117
  • Table 57: Companies developing nanocellulose in construction.  118
  • Table 58. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers. 119
  • Table 59. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.        119
  • Table 60. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs.        120
  • Table 61: Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).            126
  • Table 62: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board.       127
  • Table 63. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.         129
  • Table 64. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.       129
  • Table 65. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.          130
  • Table 66: Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).             134
  • Table 67: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel. 136
  • Table 68. Market overview for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.              137
  • Table 69. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.             138
  • Table 70. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs. 139
  • Table 71: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons). 145
  • Table 72: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons).               146
  • Table 73: Nanocellulose product developers in medicine and healthcare. 147
  • Table 74. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.          149
  • Table 75. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.        149
  • Table 76. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs. 150
  • Table 77: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).          153
  • Table 78: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.          155
  • Table 79. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels.               157
  • Table 80. Scorecard for nanocellulose in aerogels.             157
  • Table 81. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs.   158
  • Table 82: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons). 160
  • Table 83: Nanocellulose product developers in aerogels and insulation.   161
  • Table 84. Market overview for nanocellulose in oil and gas.           162
  • Table 85. Scorecard for nanocellulose in oil and gas.         162
  • Table 86. Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs.   163
  • Table 87: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons).  165
  • Table 88: Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration.    166
  • Table 89. CNF membranes.          169
  • Table 90. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration.               169
  • Table 91. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration.             170
  • Table 92. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.   170
  • Table 93: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).      174
  • Table 94: Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration.        175
  • Table 95. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.          176
  • Table 96. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.        177
  • Table 97. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs. 177
  • Table 98: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons).  180
  • Table 99: Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers.           181
  • Table 100. Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper).              183
  • Table 101. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs.  184
  • Table 102: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.     186
  • Table 103. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.   189
  • Table 104: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products.     191
  • Table 105. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.   192
  • Table 106: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace.         193
  • Table 107: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced.            194
  • Table 108: Target markets, by nanocellulose producer.   196
  • Table 109: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.      244
  • Table 110: Oji Holdings CNF products.     289
  • Table 111: CNC producers and production capacities.       338
  • Table 112: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer.       339
  • Table 113. Fibnano properties.  373
  •  

Figures

  • Figure 1. Nanocellulose market in 2020-industry product and production activity.               32
  • Figure 3: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018–2030 (Tons). total.        38
  • Figure 4: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.       41
  • Figure 5: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.              42
  • Figure 6: Nanocellulose-based commercial products.       44
  • Figure 7. Dorayaki.           45
  • Figure 8. ENASAVE NEXT.              45
  • Figure 9. GEL-KAYANO™.              45
  • Figure 10. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 46
  • Figure 11. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet. 46
  • Figure 12. SC-3 (B) speakers.       47
  • Figure 13. SE-MONITOR5 headphones.   47
  • Figure 14. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers. 47
  • Figure 15. "SURISURI" Lotion.     48
  • Figure 16: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020.           48
  • Figure 17: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit. 55
  • Figure 18: Scale of cellulose materials.    56
  • Figure 19: Types of nanocellulose.            61
  • Figure 20: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.            61
  • Figure 21: CNF gel.           63
  • Figure 22. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals. 65
  • Figure 23. CNC preparation.        65
  • Figure 24: Extracting CNC from trees.      67
  • Figure 25: CNC slurry.     69
  • Figure 26. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials.   71
  • Figure 27. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose.           74
  • Figure 28: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature.  87
  • Figure 29. Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 2009-2018.    88
  • Figure 30:  Nanocellulose patents by field of application. 88
  • Figure 31. Applications of nanocellulose in composites.  98
  • Figure 32: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).       100
  • Figure 33. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid).         100
  • Figure 34: CNF resin products.    101
  • Figure 35. Interior of NCV concept car.    102
  • Figure 36. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.  106
  • Figure 37: Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons). 107
  • Figure 38: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car.             108
  • Figure 39: CNF composite.           109
  • Figure 40: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.           109
  • Figure 41. The structure of the CNF-based front hood.    110
  • Figure 42. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project. 110
  • Figure 43. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.       113
  • Figure 44. Applications of nanocellulose in construction. 116
  • Figure 45: Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons). 117
  • Figure 46. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.   126
  • Figure 47: Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).  127
  • Figure 48. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.  134
  • Figure 49: Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).    135
  • Figure 50: CNF deodorant products.        136
  • Figure 51. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.        144
  • Figure 52: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons).              145
  • Figure 53: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons).              146
  • Figure 54. Fibnano.         148
  • Figure 55. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings.   153
  • Figure 56: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).        154
  • Figure 57. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.        156
  • Figure 58: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons).               161
  • Figure 59: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons). 166
  • Figure 60. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery.    167
  • Figure 61. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration.        174
  • Figure 62: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).    175
  • Figure 63. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw.             175
  • Figure 64. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers.     179
  • Figure 65: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons). 180
  • Figure 66. "SURISURI" products. 182
  • Figure 67: Foldable nanopaper antenna. 184
  • Figure 68: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF. 187
  • Figure 69. Oji CNF transparent sheets.    187
  • Figure 70. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.          188
  • Figure 71: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.  201
  • Figure 72. MEDICELLU™.               201
  • Figure 73: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.  203
  • Figure 74: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet. 204
  • Figure 75: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.              204
  • Figure 76: CNF nonwoven fabric.               205
  • Figure 77. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.               211
  • Figure 78. nanoforest products. 219
  • Figure 79. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.             220
  • Figure 80. nanoforest-S. 220
  • Figure 81. nanoforest-PDP.         221
  • Figure 82. nanoforest-MB.           221
  • Figure 83. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.    223
  • Figure 84. Celish.              223
  • Figure 85: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.   224
  • Figure 86. Daio Paper CNF production process.   226
  • Figure 87. ELLEX products.           227
  • Figure 88. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.            228
  • Figure 89. Kirekira! toilet wipes. 228
  • Figure 90. Color CNF.      229
  • Figure 91. DIC Products CNF production process.               231
  • Figure 92. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process. 233
  • Figure 93: Rheocrysta spray.       234
  • Figure 94. DKS CNF products.      234
  • Figure 95: CNF based on citrus peel.        236
  • Figure 96. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.       236
  • Figure 97. Imerys CNF production process.           238
  • Figure 98. Filler Bank CNC products.         240
  • Figure 99: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).  241
  • Figure 100: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.              242
  • Figure 101. Granbio CNF production process.      245
  • Figure 102: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.            246
  • Figure 103. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer).              248
  • Figure 104: CNF gel.        250
  • Figure 105: Block nanocellulose material.              250
  • Figure 106: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.           251
  • Figure 107. Innventia CNF production process.    253
  • Figure 108: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.       254
  • Figure 109. Kami Shoji CNF products.      257
  • Figure 110. Dual Graft System.   259
  • Figure 111: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.        259
  • Figure 112. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).           260
  • Figure 113: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).     261
  • Figure 114. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.      263
  • Figure 115. CNF deodorant.         265
  • Figure 116. Chitin nanofiber product.      266
  • Figure 117. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.            268
  • Figure 118. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder. 269
  • Figure 119. Cellulomix production process.           270
  • Figure 120. Nanobase versus conventional products.       271
  • Figure 121. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307.       272
  • Figure 122: CNF slurries.               273
  • Figure 123. Range of CNF products.          273
  • Figure 124: Nanocell serum product.       275
  • Figure 125: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.        277
  • Figure 126: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.    277
  • Figure 127. Nippon Paper CNF production process.           279
  • Figure 128: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers.          281
  • Figure 129. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF.  282
  • Figure 130. CNF paint product.   283
  • Figure 131: CNF wet powder.     285
  • Figure 132: CNF transparent film.              285
  • Figure 133: Transparent CNF sheets.       286
  • Figure 134. Oji Paper CNF production process.    287
  • Figure 135: CNF clear sheets.      289
  • Figure 136. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.       291
  • Figure 137: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.              292
  • Figure 138. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.  293
  • Figure 139: XCNF.            295
  • Figure 140: CNF insulation flat plates.     297
  • Figure 141. Seiko PMC CNF production process. 300
  • Figure 142. Manufacturing process for STARCEL. 301
  • Figure 143: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.        303
  • Figure 144. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.      304
  • Figure 145. Stora Enso CNF production process. 305
  • Figure 146. Sugino Machine CNF production process.      307
  • Figure 147: High Pressure Water Jet Process.       307
  • Figure 148: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.       308
  • Figure 149. BiNFi-s Dry Powder. 308
  • Figure 150. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.          309
  • Figure 151: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.       309
  • Figure 152: SVILOSA AD CNC products.   311
  • Figure 153: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.  316
  • Figure 154: CNF/nanosilver powder.       316
  • Figure 155: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.     317
  • Figure 156: CNF resin products. 320
  • Figure 157. University of Maine CNF production process.               321
  • Figure 158. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.      323
  • Figure 159. FibDex® wound dressing.      324
  • Figure 160. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          326
  • Figure 161: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.               327
  • Figure 162. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.         329
  • Figure 163. VTT CNF production process.               331
  • Figure 164: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.     332
  • Figure 165: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.        333
  • Figure 166. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.       336
  • Figure 167: R3TM process technology.   343
  • Figure 168: Blue Goose CNC Production Process.               344
  • Figure 169: NCCTM Process.        347
  • Figure 170: Celluforce production process.           348
  • Figure 171: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:         349
  • Figure 172: Plantrose process.    356
  • Figure 173. CNC solution.              360
  • Figure 174. University of Maine CNF production process.               362
  • Figure 175. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.          364
  • Figure 176. Cellugy materials.     370
  • Figure 177: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet.  372

 

 

 

The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2021
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