Bio-based polymers are sustainable polymers synthesized from renewable resources such as biomass (e.g. plant waste, algae) rather than conventional petroleum feedstocks such as oil and gas. They offer significant advantages over traditional plastic
CO2 demonstrates the potential to be a renewable and inexhaustible platform chemical for the synthesis of commodities (methanol, urea, (in)organic carbonates, formic acid), fuel (methane, alcanes) and polymers. R&D is progressing to produce polymers and high-value chemicals utilising CO2 as a feedstock. The technology transforms CO2 into polycarbonates such as polypropylene carbonate (PPC) and polyethylene carbonate (PEC) using catalysts in a reaction with an epoxide, a chemical compound used as a reagent. Polymers and plastics generated utilising CO2 include:
Polymers incorporating CO2 directly into their structure, such as polycarbonates.
Polymers formed from monomers created by the hydrogenation of CO2, such as ethylene and propylene.
A number of companies are currently operating polymer plants using CO2 as a raw material. For the production of polymers, the utilization potential of CO2 is estimated to be 10 to 50 Mt yr−1 in 2050.
Report contents include:
Analysis of the Global Bio-based and Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers market.
Global production capacities, market demand and trends 2019-2033 for Bio-based and Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers.
Analysis of bio-based feedstock chemicals including:
Bio-based adipic acid
11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA)
Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA)
2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA)
Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME)
3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP)
5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF)
Lactic acid (D-LA)
Lactic acid – L-lactic acid (L-LA)
Monoethylene glycol (MEG)
Monopropylene glycol (MPG)
Succinic acid (SA)
Analysis of synthetic Bio-based plastics and Polymers market including:
Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and copolymers, Polyethylene (Bio-PE), Polypropylene (Bio-PP)
Analysis of naturally produced bio-based polymers including
Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
Algal and fungal based bioplastics and biopolymers.
Analysis of types of natural fibers including plant fibers, animal fibers including alternative leather, wool, silk fiber and down and polysaccharides.
Markets for natural fibers, including polymer composites, aerospace, automotive, construction & building, sports & leisure, textiles, consumer products and plastics & packaging.
The market for lignin-based plastics and polymers.
Production capacities of lignin producers.
In depth analysis of biorefinery lignin production.
Market segmentation analysis for bio-based plastics and polymers. Markets analysed include rigid & flexible packaging, consumer goods, automotive, building & construction, textiles, electronics, agriculture & horticulture.
Emerging technologies in synthetic and natural produced bio-based plastics and biopolymers.
492 company profiled including products and production capacities. Companies profiled include NatureWorks, Total Corbion, Danimer Scientific, Novamont, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Indorama, Braskem, Avantium, Borealis, Cathay, Dupont, BASF, Arkema, DuPont, BASF, AMSilk GmbH, Notpla, Loliware, Bolt Threads, Ecovative, Bioform Technologies, Algal Bio, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Biotic Circular Technologies Ltd., Full Cycle Bioplastics, Stora Enso Oyj, Spiber, Traceless Materials GmbH, CJ Biomaterials, Natrify, Plastus, Humble Bee Bio and many more.
Analysis of the global market for carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies.
Market developments, funding and investment in carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) 2020-2023.
Analysis of key market dynamics, trends, opportunities and factors influencing the global carbon, capture utilization & storage technologies market and its subsegments.
Latest developments in carbon capture, storage and utilization technologies
Market analysis of CO2-derived plastics and polymer products.
Profiles of 30 companies in CO2-dervied polymer and plastics products producers. Companies profiled include Algal Bio Co., Ltd., C4X Technologies Inc., Carbonova, CarbonMeta Research, Chiyoda Corporation, CERT Systems, Inc., Covestro A.G., Mars Materials and Twelve.
1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 39
2 BIO-BASED CHEMICALS AND FEEDSTOCKS 40
2.1 Types 40
2.2 Production capacities 41
2.3 Bio-based adipic acid 42
2.3.1 Applications and production 43
2.4 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA) 43
2.4.1 Applications and production 44
2.5 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO) 45
2.5.1 Applications and production 45
2.6 Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) 46
2.6.1 Applications and production 47
2.7 Epichlorohydrin (ECH) 48
2.7.1 Applications and production 48
2.8 Ethylene 48
2.8.1 Applications and production 49
2.9 Furfural 49
2.9.1 Applications and production 50
2.10 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) 50
2.10.1 Applications and production 51
2.11 5-Chloromethylfurfural (5-CMF) 51
2.11.1 Applications and production 51
2.12 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA) 51
2.12.1 Applications and production 52
2.13 Furandicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME) 52
2.14 Isosorbide 52
2.14.1 Applications and production 53
2.15 Itaconic acid 53
2.15.1 Applications and production 53
2.16 3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) 53
2.16.1 Applications and production 54
2.17 5 Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) 55
2.17.1 Applications and production 55
2.18 Lactic acid (D-LA) 55
2.18.1 Applications and production 56
2.19 Lactic acid – L-lactic acid (L-LA) 56
2.19.1 Applications and production 56
2.20 Lactide 57
2.20.1 Applications and production 58
2.21 Levoglucosenone 59
2.21.1 Applications and production 59
2.22 Levulinic acid 60
2.22.1 Applications and production 60
2.23 Monoethylene glycol (MEG) 60
2.23.1 Applications and production 60
2.24 Monopropylene glycol (MPG) 61
2.24.1 Applications and production 62
2.25 Muconic acid 62
2.25.1 Applications and production 63
2.26 Bio-Naphtha 63
2.26.1 Applications and production 64
2.26.2 Production capacities 64
2.26.3 Bio-naptha producers 65
2.27 Pentamethylene diisocyanate 66
2.27.1 Applications and production 67
2.28 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) 67
2.28.1 Applications and production 67
2.29 Sebacic acid 68
2.29.1 Applications and production 69
2.30 Succinic acid (SA) 69
2.30.1 Applications and production 70
3 BIO-BASED PLASTICS AND POLYMERS 71
3.1 Bio-based or renewable plastics 71
3.1.1 Drop-in bio-based plastics 71
3.1.2 Novel bio-based plastics 72
3.2 Biodegradable and compostable plastics 73
3.2.1 Biodegradability 73
3.2.2 Compostability 74
3.3 Advantages and disadvantages 75
3.4 Types of Bio-based and/or Biodegradable Plastics 75
3.5 Market leaders by biobased and/or biodegradable plastic types 77
3.6 Synthetic bio-based polymers 78
3.6.1 Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA) 78
188.8.131.52 Market analysis 79
184.108.40.206 Production 80
220.127.116.11 Producers and production capacities, current and planned 80
18.104.22.168.1 Lactic acid producers and production capacities 80
22.214.171.124.2 PLA producers and production capacities 81
126.96.36.199.3 Polylactic acid (Bio-PLA) production capacities 2019-2033 (1,000 tons) 82
3.6.2 Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) 83
188.8.131.52 Market analysis 83
184.108.40.206 Producers and production capacities 84
220.127.116.11 Polyethylene terephthalate (Bio-PET) production capacities 2019-2033 (1,000 tons) 85
3.6.3 Polytrimethylene terephthalate (Bio-PTT) 86
18.104.22.168 Market analysis 86
22.214.171.124 Producers and production capacities 87
126.96.36.199 Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) production capacities 2019-2033 (1,000 tons) 87
3.6.4 Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF) 88
188.8.131.52 Market analysis 89
184.108.40.206 Comparative properties to PET 90
220.127.116.11 Producers and production capacities 91
18.104.22.168.1 FDCA and PEF producers and production capacities 91
22.214.171.124.2 Polyethylene furanoate (Bio-PEF) production capacities 2019-2033 (1,000 tons). 91
3.6.5 Polyamides (Bio-PA) 92
126.96.36.199 Market analysis 93
188.8.131.52 Producers and production capacities 94
184.108.40.206 Polyamides (Bio-PA) production capacities 2019-2033 (1,000 tons) 94